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December 2020

THE ROAR Le Lycée Français de Los Angeles

Editor-in-Chief: Lillie Laing The Roar

L ion L ife STUDENTS ’VOICES Mentorship Program by Tanya Abergel The High School Mentoring Program started last spring and is designed to provide academic guidance and social support to incoming students. The 8th graders, who are now freshmen, were paired with juniors, who are now seniors. Every mentor’s goal is to be a resource to their mentee. They are there to answer any questions the freshman may have about HS, seek advice etc... Last year before the COVID-19 pandemic, the 8th graders had come to the high school to spend the afternoon with their mentors. This year, we’ve successfully continued virtually by going in small breakout rooms with mentors and mentees. Everyone had the opportunity to talk and play some games with their mentors/mentees. We will try to meet once a month to help each other as much as possible during these unprecedented times! Welcome the Climate Crew Club to Lycée! by Angélique Bosc Hello Lou-Andrea! I’m here with the ROAR newspaper to ask you a few questions about your new club, The Climate Crew. Firstly, what inspired you to start this club? “Hi Angelique! My idea to start the Climate Crew actually came from my AP Research paper. A large part of the US population doesn’t understand the seriousness of the climate crisis, and my paper helped me to understand different forms of messaging that could make it more communicable. In fact, a staggering 30% of Americans don’t believe it’s happening and 42% don’t believe it’s caused by human actions. Obviously, there’s a big disconnect there. So, the Climate Crew is our way of helping students get the information they need to understand the climate crisis and to fight for climate justice both inside and out of the classroom.”

Talk to me about a few activities or projects your Climate Crew Club is working on. “The Climate Crew’s first project is a letter writing campaign. One thing I was adamant about when starting this club was to have open dialogue between members and leaders. During our first meeting, I presented a few possible projects and made a survey through which participants could choose their favorite – the letter writing campaign won. We are currently working on our letters to California Senator Dianne Feinstein about issues ranging from California greenhouse emission goals to the disproportionate impact of climate change on communities of color and low-income communities. The other presented projects were a schoolwide letter writing campaign, which we hope to do once the club is more established, a voterpreregistration event, and article writing for the ROAR. We also left a spot in the survey for suggestions, and the most popular was a beach/river cleanup. Once school is no longer online, the Climate Crew hopes to organize poster/sign making activities, bring “class plants” into the classrooms in an effort to “green” the school, and finally crack down on classroom recycling.” What does your club hope to accomplish within the Lycée student body? “Our main focus is to make climate action accessible for Lycée students, teachers, and staff. For the longest time I was very interested in getting involved with environmentalism but didn’t know where to start – it was only when a friend of mine invited me to a demonstration that these opportunities began to open up for me. I guess you could say we want to become that friend for the Lycée. For us, that includes making

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information about the climate crisis more accessible, but also organizing specific projects, like the letter writing campaign or a voter-preregistration event, that will allow students to work towards systemic change. While we hope to better our community, the Climate Crew also wants to place an emphasis on the understanding of current social issues. After four years at the high school, I’ve noticed that unless you take the geopolitics specialty or AP Human Geography, you are not formally taught about politics or current events in liaison with the environment. I find it important that students are made aware of their responsibility to their community, whether they choose to show it through their dedication to environmentalism, Black Lives Matter, or LGBTQ+ rights, etc.…” Finally, what steps can we as adolescents, as well as the Lycée community, take to do our part in this climate crisis? “Thanks for asking, that’s what we’re all about! A big misconception is that if we all get together, and do our part recycling, reducing our consumption, energy usage, and carbon emissions, that we can end climate change. And although these actions can be important – I am by no means asking you to stop – what we need to focus on is systemic change. A majority of the climate crisis is a problem of government and corporations, not the individual; roughly 70% of emissions worldwide are caused by only 100 corporations. One way to start is very simple – inform yourself. It’s really hard to fight for something you don’t know about, so when you subscribe to and read political newsletters, various newspapers and magazines, and other respectable sources, you are armed with the information to hold your representatives accountable. Some of the sources I consult are the New York Times and the New Yorker, AOC’s, Bernie Sander’s, and Joe Biden’s newsletters, the Sunrise Movement, and even @soyouwanttotalkabout on Instagram (they cite their sources and offer recommended reading). I recognize that most of these sources are progressive, and I urge students to consider many political views, but I have noticed certain publications, like Fox News, lack frequent and reliable reports on climate change.

Learning about environmentalism and the climate crisis will allow you to get involved in meaningful ways. Now that you know about current and future bills that could impact climate change, you can write to your city and state officials, and when you’re of age, you can use your vote to elect candidates that will enact necessary changes. I find that joining large organizations such as the Sunrise Movement and Zero Hour makes it very easy to find information on the climate crisis and on how to get involved within your local chapter. Both organizations regularly host phone banking events, orientations, and marches that are very easy for everyday people to join. And when COVID-19 is under control, I highly recommend exercising your right to assemble peacefully. Sharing the information, you are learning with friends, family, and even strangers is key. Although less impactful, individual changes are not to be neglected. I like to shop secondhand to discourage the fast fashion industry’s “throw away” culture - one of the most polluting industries in the world. Besides reducing waste (textile demand, plastic from shipping/packaging), secondhand shopping, whether it be clothing, furniture, or books, is a wonderful way to find unique pieces for great prices. Walking when you can and making more conscious decisions about food can also help reduce your carbon footprint. For example, choosing to buy food locally, garden or even forage cuts down by taxing “food miles” planes and trucks travel when transporting produce.” The Lycée’s first MUN and online conference of the year! by Satya Amin There is no question that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a large effect on all aspects of school life, ranging from in class time to sports. We are all searching to find ways to continue activities we enjoyed pre-COVID. Clubs have been trying to find ways to continue and adapt but there is no doubt that the experience has greatly changed. That being said, clubs such as Model UN search to continue as closely to normal as we can and actually attended their first Model UN

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conference of the year as well as their first ever online conference! The conference took place in November and was hosted virtually by Tustin High School. For many MUNers, this was their first ever conference. Members discussed topics from refugee housing to environmental issues and protecting women’s rights. MUN members were forced to find solutions to these difficult issues by negotiating with other countries and find a resolution which they presented to the committee and voted on. This was carried out through the use of break out rooms, Google docs and private messaging on the Zoom call. Despite the relatively untraditional format which provided for a particularly harsh introduction to MUN at the beginning of the year, club members still performed extremely well with many of them winning awards. In fact, Lorraine Lannes and Chloe Dumortier both won the award for “Outstanding performance” in their committee. Furthermore, Dante Ray and Gabriel Rousseau won commendations for their participation in the conference. Awards or no, all MUN members did extremely well particularly for how well they adapted to the unconventional environment of this conference. We highly encourage anyone reading this to consider taking part in MUN this year and join us at our next conference on January 16th! (online of course). If this interests you don’t hesitate to email me at amins@lyceestudents.org or come to our meetings at 1:15 on Thursdays! Also, once again congratulations to all MUN members on their first conference of the year!

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S potlig ht Interview Holidays, Vaccines, and Cake! Interview with Madame Kabbaz by Brady Keith

The children at the Century City campus, we call them teams! We have color-coded team green, team purple, team pink, etc. They wear colorful Do you have any fun traditions for the holiday pinnies, like in sports, so they know what team they season? How will your holidays change this year? belong to and so that they don’t mix with other “Well, the first thing will change is that my son won’t be cohorts. We’re doing that at The Main Campus too. with us. He’s in Washington DC, and, just like every Each cohort has their own eating place, bathroom, other family that is separated we miss him a lot, but we room, etc. Their school days will end at 3, but this try to focus on the fact that he has a life there where he will allow these kids to connect. is safe, happy, and occupied. I think by now parents and students know that none As for traditions, we love holidays in my family. I’ve of this has anything to do with the Lycée. We don’t already put up my Christmas lights. I do that make these decisions. Some older children have immediately following Thanksgiving. I have a collection said “Well, we’re cleaner and more careful than of ornaments, some from my parents, which we love. younger kids. Why can’t we go to school?” It’s not We love egg-nog, French traditions: marrons glacés, our decision, it’s not up to us. LA County, the CDC, foie gras. We love everything we’re not supposed to our main source for information at school – the Los eat! I traditionally try to find the best fruit cake for Mme Angeles County Department of Public Health – Cole, because she is the biggest fan of fruit cake. In they make the decisions. As soon as they say that recent years, we started deep-frying our turkey 3rd graders or 4th graders can come back, we’re all outdoors. My husband wanted to do it for thirty years, in. But right now, they have only said up to 2nd and when I finally let him, it was the best and easiest grade. thing we’ve ever done!" The good news for kids in High School and Middle School is that Mr. Power and the PE department Lately there have been a record number of new are working on two things. The first is the Athletic COVID-19 cases, and stricter guidelines put in Conditioning program. When children are tested, place. How has the school and you been affected and they’ve gone through their medical exam, they by this? can come to school for scrimmages, not games, “Just to keep you [all] abreast on what is happening at athletic conditioning, etc. This is great because it school, we have our two preschools that have been allows students to see the campus, connect in open since the beginning [of the school year], because other ways than on Zoom, and be outdoors. preschool and K1, and any student under 6 are allowed We are also looking at three workshops that will under the State of California Social Services Preschool take place on a Friday afternoon, Saturday and Rules. Then, we were able to open under the High Sunday all day (until 3), with meals included for Needs part of Childcare, which means that the free, open to a certain number of students who recognition by authorities is that young children have a apply, for athletic conditioning and to eat together 6 harder time connecting and doing their work online than feet apart with plexiglass, in January, February, older kids. Therefore, the county is allowing 25% and March.” capacity up until 2nd grade. We have a hybrid system for these children, where they spend some days at What are you most excited for in 2021? What school, and others online. Then, here at the Main Campus, we are opening Monday for 2nd graders, 25% are you least excited for? “I am most excited for all of this wonderful news capacity and continuing the online program as well.

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of vaccinations and a cure. I’m very excited for the first responders who will receive this first, because we need our doctors, our nurses to be fit and healthy so they can take care of the rest of us. Then, I think somewhere down the line, after retirement homes, there are teachers and students. I look forward to this inoculation so we can all be together again. Unless it is for the school, I seldom go out. But because the school is such a social and active place, I’m obviously very busy: weekends, nights… But I remember that in my parents ’generation, there was never a weekend where people didn’t’t come over to our home for an informal or formal dinner, for drinks. They had friends they went on vacation with, they got dressed and went out to dinner often… So, I told my husband and my best friends: “When this is all over, we must make it a point to get dressed and go out, to see our friends and be with our friends, because we really miss it.” All of this has placed everything in perspective. I believe that we’re all going to learn from this. I don’t know what I’m least excited for, because I’m filled with excitement. We already know that this is coming to an end at some point. I’m very sad about the people who have suffered, who have lost their jobs, and all of that. I think Giving Tuesday should be every day, frankly! This morning I was in the leadership meeting, and I said to Mme Cole and Mr. Power, “Can you imagine that we are going to be able to have Summer Camp?!” I can’t wait! There is no negative, except maybe having to go back to exercising.”

Overall, enjoy! If all of this is nearly over, just make it a point our see our friends, family, and have a healthy concentration on what we’ve learned from this. That this year, in all of our lives, should not be for nothing. There is a team spirit, a community spirit, where people help each other. Focus on all of the positives. There is a French expression that my father used a lot: “Il faut mettre un peu d’eau dans son vin.” In English, I guess it’s something like “Pick your battles.” It kind of means that you need to focus on what’s important, and don’t worry about anything else…" See the Recipe section for Madame Kabbaz ’favorite recipe: Lemon Ricotta Cake!

What are your New Years ’Resolutions? “Gosh, besides the obvious: exercising more, avoiding eating cookies and cakes, all that… I suppose to get out more, to do more for others, a lot of people have suffered through this, and I think that we can all do more, we can rally. The Food Bank is a wonderful organization that our school has partnered with these past few years. This year we are being featured because we raised enough money for 45,000 meals, thanks to Mrs. Longua-Zomero (Luca Zomero’s mom) who is Le Lycée’s charitable drive representative.

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C urrent E vents Flying Cars Are Becoming a Reality! by Island Gabler On December 17th, 1903, the Wright brothers, Wilbur and Orville, took flight to the skies using their first ever powered aircraft Kitty Hawk, and accomplished something that seemed so unimaginable at the time. On April 12th, 1961, the Russian astronaut, Yuri Gagarin, reached for infinity and became the first man in human history to advance into outer space. On September 14, 1939, the first ever successful helicopter, built and designed by the Sikorsky brothers, soared through the skies. These events have become very admirable and are still remembered today. They are also part of the reason why we now have access to airplanes and spacecraft capable of traveling great distances. However, an important element like flying cars, remains nonexistent. Although we have seen these prototypes portrayed in several different movies and novels, such as: “Back to The Future 2”, we have never seen them come to life in the real world. For many years, different organizations such as SkyDrive, a Japanese aero company, have tried to defy gravity and make these machines possible.

Unlike other enterprises, SkyDrive has finally succeeded at this great task, but if only it were that simple. We still have to ask ourselves, how is this even possible, are they safe to fly for consumers and how will they be integrated into our society in the future? Over the years, many devices have been created to ensure the safety of passengers whether they are driving a car or flying in an airplane. For example, seat belts and airbags have been made to ensure that everyone stay protected. This comes out to be one of the most important characteristics that any vehicle should have. Generally, everyone wants

to feel secure at all times, however when most people think about flying cars, danger comes to mind, but before we get into how dangerous they actually are, we have to look at a basic understanding of how they function. The vehicle consists of 8 equally placed motors and 2 propellers on both sides which is little enough for them to be fairly balanced. The SD-03 weighs around 880 pounds which is roughly 4 times smaller than the average car. This is as you guessed it, so that they won’t be brought down by their mass. Now, these cars feel quite safe, and trustworthy; however, because it is hovering a couple of feet up in the air and has no lane regulation, the risk becomes much higher which makes them more terrifying. As Tomohiro Fukuzara explained, "We want to realize a society where (…) people are able to experience a safe, secure, and comfortable new way of life.” Here we can understand that they are trying to do their best even though it isn’t an easy thing to do.

The question you may have is “When, where and how can I buy one?” SkyDrive INC is planning to release a more refined and newer model in Japan by early 2023. This may seem very close to present time, but their team is making fast progress and isn’t wasting any time. Even so, the SD-03 will still have major inconveniences. For example, this aircraft has the capacity to carry a single passenger and has an approximate cruise speed of 40-50 kilometers per hour - roughly 28 miles per hour, with a

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maximum flight time of 5-10 minutes. The problem is quite evident! This flying car can only travel about 8 kilometers at a time when going full speed. This doesn’t include red lights, pedestrians crossing the street or stop signs that it can encounter during its travel. Even if these problems are fixed and perfected, these machines would be extremely expensive for the average person. Aero Mobile has planned on setting the price from $1.2 million up to $1.6 million, which can certainly increase following certain upgrades. When testing the SD-03, a trained professional was hired to pilot the aircraft which can mean that no ordinary car driver will be able to fly this flying car. It hasn’t been mentioned yet but we can only assume that exams will have to be taken or professionals will have to be hired to be able to use these things. The SD-03 is also twice as big as a regular car and takes around 2 car parking spaces because of its large propellers.

Flying cars have become something surreal and practically impossible in everybody’s mind. Today we have seen that these strange machines will become “the norm” in the world we live in very soon and will erase general cars before we know it. Not only Japan’s SkyDrive but also many other companies including Tesla, are near the finish line to the flying cars ’success. They may have countless problems and uncertainties but before you know it, new vehicles that we call flying cars will roam the skies. A Rundown of the COVID Vaccine So Far by Lea Hervas Since March, when the COVID-19 pandemic was officially announced in the US, the question of a potential vaccine has been on many peoples ’minds. Now, almost 9 months after the beginning of quarantine, such a vaccine is undergoing the final stages of trial before it is approved for use. But what

exactly do we know about it so far? Who came up with the vaccine, how is it being tested, when can we expect it to be released to the public, and most importantly, what would it even do? Here’s a quick rundown of what we know so far: You may have heard the names Ugur Sahin and Ozlem Tuerci somewhere on the news around November — as the brains behind the first effective COVID vaccine — the couple has received lots of global attention in the past month. They are Turkish-German physicians with a strong history studying infectious diseases and working on cancer-fighting antibodies, and, after reading a paper on the situation in Wuhan in January, said they felt compelled to try to find a solution to this gradually expanding problem. Ever since, they’ve been working on a vaccine which would utilize an mRNA sequence to help the immune system fight off the coronavirus — very briefly, an RNA vaccine is coded with an antigen for a specific disease, and uses this mRNA sequence, which is basically a molecule which tells cells what to build and how to replicate it. When introduced in the body, this allows for the production of protein that mimic small pieces of the chosen disease, so that the immune system learns to fight off the real thing should it ever be exposed to it. This is not the only type of vaccine being used, but RNA vaccines have an advantage as they are pretty cheap and quick to produce compared to regular ones, which would make their distribution worldwide far easier. Indeed, trials of the vaccine have been ongoing for a while with impressive results and a 94.5% efficacy rate for preventing symptomatic COVID-19 in adults. In fact, on Tuesday, December 8th, the UK became the world’s first nation to provide two of its citizens with an authorized COVID-19 vaccine. Margaret Keenan and William Shakespeare (yes, that’s his actual name), were the two first citizens to receive these approved COVID-19 shots, a monumental step for us amidst the pandemic. As of this writing, however, when the vaccine will arrive in the United States and around the rest of the world is still undetermined. The CDC has partnered with the Department of Health and Services and the Department of Defense to create Operation Warp Speed, which aims to ensure the vaccines are

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safe and effective, and to make and distribute millions of doses of them. They’ve stated that the goal for this Operation would be for the first supply to be implemented by the end of 2020, and for all adults in the US to be able to get vaccinated in 2021, seeing as initial limited supplies will most likely mean that not everybody will be able to get vaccinated by the end of the year, if possible; however, this deadline won’t receive confirmation until a safe vaccine has been approved and made ready for distribution. Now that we know that a working vaccine is possible and that it may be coming soon, it is important to note that, while the vaccine so far has helped prevent symptoms of COVID for adults, and ultimately aims to immunize patients, there is no actual proof that it can actually prevent you from getting the virus in itself. Therefore, while being exposed to the virus after being vaccinated against it will most likely be safer than without vaccination, this does not mean that we should treat this as a green light to resume our normal lives. When a vaccine does come to us, be prepared to have to continue quarantining and wearing masks! Until then, stay safe, stay inside, and keep washing your hands and wearing your mask. What Will the Next NBA Season Look Like? by Christian Munoz-Walmsley With the NBA season restarting in a few days, many teams are going to look different entering the new season. This offseason has been full of trades and free agent signings. It’s not only the roster that’s been modified for teams, but also the coaching staff in many instances. In addition, the effects of Coronavirus could produce a major impact on game scheduling, coaching strategy and home court advantage. This upcoming season will definitely be one of change. Some of the most important coaching staff changes this offseason have been: Doc Rivers replacing Brett Brown as head coach of the 76ers; Tyronn Lue stepping up as head coach of the Clippers; Mike D’Antoni leaving his position as head coach of the Rockets to go and be an assistant coach under Steve Nash, the new head coach of the Nets; Billy Donovan leaving the Thunder

to replace Jim Boylan as the head coach of the Bulls; Alvin Gentry being replaced by Stan Van Gundy as the head coach of the Pelicans; Mark Daigneault stepping up as head coach of the Thunder; Stephen Silas becoming head coach of the Rockets and Tom Thibodeau replacing David Fizdale as head coach of the Knicks. Although coaching staff is important, the players on the roster are even more important. With players who went to the bubble having such a short offseason to recover, they could be more prone to injury from the lack of rest. On the other hand, players who didn’t go to the bubble have had a very long offseason. This means that we could potentially see a breakout season from players who have drastically improved their game during their time off, or we could potentially see a lot of players coming into the season very rusty. Another factor that could impact the upcoming season is the nofan policy that will be put in place for certain stadiums. Having no fans will take away the homecourt advantage that teams have when playing in their city. On top of that, many teams have also changed up their roster. This next season is going to be unpredictable; we might see players breakout as stars, we might see teams we would never expect make the playoffs become title contenders, or we might see teams not live up to expectations. With all of that being said, here is every trade and free agency that has happened so far in the offseason. Western Conference:

Los Angeles Lakers: - Players acquired through free agency: Montrezl Harrell, Marc Gasol, Wesley Matthews, Markieff Morris (re-signed), Jared Dudley (re-signed), and Kostas Antetokounmpo (re-signed). - Players acquired through Trades: Dennis Schroder, Jordan Bell and Alfonzo McKinnie. - Players lost through trades: Danny Green and JaVale McGee.

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Los Angeles Clippers:

- Players acquired through trades: Luke Kennard. - Players acquired through free agency: Serge Ibaka, Nicolas Batum, Reggie Jackson.

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Derrick Favors.

- Players lost through trades: Ed Davis, Tony

- Players lost through trades: Landry Shamet, Rodney McGruder Players lost through free agency: Montrezl Harrell, JaMychal Green, Johnathan Motley.


- Players lost through free agency: Jarrell Brantley, Juwan Morgan, Emmanuel Mudiay, Justin Wright-Foreman.

- Players lost through free agency: Montrezl Harrell, JaMychal Green, Johnathan Motley.

Dallas Mavericks:

- Players acquired through trades: Josh Denver Nuggets:

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Facundo

Richardson and James Johnson.

- Players acquired through free agency: Wes Iwundu, JJ Barea (re-signed), Willie CauleyStein (re-signed).

Campazzo, JaMychal Green.

- Players lost through trades: None. - Players lost through free agency: Jerami, Mason Plumlee, Torrey Craig, Tyler Cook, Troy Daniels, Noah Vonleh.

- Players lost through trades: Seth Curry, Delon Wright, Justin Jackson.

- Players lost through free agency: Michael KiddGilchrist, Courtney Lee, Josh Reaves, Antonius Cleveland.

Houston Rockets:

- Players acquired through trades: John Wall. - Players acquired through free agency: Christian

Portland Trailblazers:

- Players acquired through trades: Robert

Wood, Jae'Sean Tate, DeMarcus Cousins.

- Players lost through free agency: Jeff Green, Bruno Caboclo, DeMarre Carroll, Tyson Chandler, Michael Frazier, Gerald Green, Luc Mbah a Moute, Austin Rivers, Thabo Sefolosha, William Howard.

- Players lost through trades: Robert Covington,

Covington, Enes Kanter.

- Players acquired through free agency: Derrick Jones Jr.

- Players lost through trades: Trevor Ariza, Mario Hezonja.

- Players lost through free agency: Jaylen Adams,

Russell Westbrook.

Hassan Whiteside, Moses Brown, Wenyen Gabriel, Jaylen Hoard, Caleb Swanigan.

Oklahoma City Thunder:

- Players acquired through trades: Al Horford, Ty Jerome, Jalen Lecque, Vincent Poirier, Trevor Ariza, Justin Jackson, George Hill, Darius Miller, TJ Leaf.

- Players acquired through free agency: None. - Players lost through trades: Chris Paul, Dennis Schroder, Terrance Ferguson, Abdel Nader, Steven Adams.

- Players lost through free agency: Danilo Gallinari, Nerlens Noel, Deonte Burton, Devon Hall, Kevin Hervey, Andre Roberson.

Memphis Grizzlies:


Players acquired through trades: Mario Hezonja. Players acquired through free agency: None. Players lost through trade: None. Players lost through free agency: Josh Jackson, John Konchar, Jontay Porter, Anthony Tolliver, Yuta Watanabe.

Phoenix Suns:

- Players acquired through trades: Chris Paul, Abdel Nader.

Utah Jazz:

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- Players acquired through free agency: Jae Crowder, E'Twaun Moore, Dario Saric (re-signed).

- Players lost through trades: Ricky Rubio, Ty Jerome, Kelly Oubre Jr., Jalen Lecque.

- Players lost through free agency: Aron Baynes, Cheick Diallo, Frank Kaminsky, Tariq Owens.

Boston Celtics:

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Tristan Thompson, Jeff Teague, Tacko Fall (re-sign). - Players lost through trade: None.

- Players lost through free agency: Gordon Hayward, Brad Wanamaker.

San Antonio Spurs:


Players acquired through trades: None. Players acquired through free agency: None. Players lost through trades: None. Players lost through free agency: Bryn Forbes, Marco Belinelli.

Sacramento Kings:

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Hassan Whiteside.

Indiana Pacers: - Players acquired through trades: None.

- Players acquired through free agency: None. - Players lost through trades: TJ Leaf. - Player lost through free agency: Brian Bowen II, Alize Johnson, Naz Mitrou-Long. Miami Heat: - Players acquired through trades: None.

- Players acquired through free agency: Maurice Harkless, Avery Bradley. - Players lost through trades: None.

- Players lost through trades: None. - Players lost through free agency: Harry Giles III, - Players lost through free agency: Jae Kent Bazemore, Bogdan Bogdanovic, Corey Brewer, Yogi Ferrell, Kyle Guy, DaQuan Jeffries, Alex Len.

Crowder, Derrick Jones Jr., Kyle Alexander, Solomon Hill , Gabe Vincent. Philadelphia 76ers:

Milwaukee Bucks:

- Players acquired through trades: Jrue Holiday. - Players acquired through free agency: D.J.

- Players acquired through trades: Danny Green, Terrance Ferguson, Seth Curry, Tony Bradley.

Augustin, Bobby Portis, Nik Stauskas, Jaylen Adams. - Players lost though trades: Eric Bledsoe, George Hill. - Players lost through free agency: Wesley Matthews, Sterling Brown, Robin Lopez, Kyle Korver, Frank Mason, Cameron Reynolds.

- Players acquired through free agency: Dwight

Toronto Raptors:

Baynes, Chris Boucher (re-signed), DeAndre' Bembry, Alex Len.

Brooklyn Nets: - Players acquired through trades: Bruce Brown, Landry Shamet. - Players acquired through free agency: Jeff Green.

- Players lost through trades: None. - Players lost through free agency: Serge Ibaka,

- Players lost through trades: Dzanan Musa. - Players lost through free agency: Garrett

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Aron

Marc Gasol, Oshae Brissett, Rondae HollisJefferson, Malcolm Miller.


- Players lost through trades: Al Horford, Josh Richardson, Zhaire Smith. - Players lost through free agency: Alec Burks, Raul Neto, Ryan Broekhoff, Kyle O'Quinn, Glenn Robinson III.

Temple, Jamal Crawford, Justin Anderson, Lance Thomas, Michael Beasley, Wilson Chandler, Chris Chiozza, Donta Hall, Tyler Johnson, Jeremiah Martin. The Roar

Orlando Magic:

- Players lost through free agency: None.

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Dwayne

Detroit pistons:


- Players lost through trades: None. - Players lost through free agency: D.J. Augustin, Wes Iwundu, Melvin Frazier Jr., BJ Johnson, Vic Law. Washington Wizards:

- Players acquired through trades: Russel Westbrook.

- Players acquired through free agency: Anthony Gill, Robin Lopez, Raul Neto.

- Players lost through trades: Admiral Schofield, John Wall.

- Players lost through free agency: Jerian Grant, Ian Mahinmi, Garrison Mathews, Shabazz Napier, Gary Payton II, Jarrod Uthoff, Johnathan Williams. Charlotte Hornets:

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Gordon Hayward.

- Players lost through trades: None. - Players lost through free agency: Dwayne Bacon, Bismack Biyombo, Willy Hernangรณmez, Kobi Simmons, Ray Spalding. Chicago Bulls:

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Garett Temple.

- Players lost through trades: None. - Players lost through free agency: Kris Dunn, Shaquille Harrison, Adam Mokoka, Max Strus.

- Players acquired through trades: Delon Wright, Dzanan Musa, Rodney McGruder, Dewayne Dedmon.

- Players acquired through free agency: Jerami Grant, Mason Plumlee, Jahlil Okafor, Josh Jackson, LiAngelo Ball.

- Players lost through trades: Bruce Brown, Luke Kennard, Khyri Thomas, Tony Snell.

- Players lost through free agency: Christian Wood, Langston Galloway, John Henson, Brandon Knight, Thon Maker, Jordan McRae, Derrick Walton Jr., Jordan Bone, Louis King, Thon Maker. Atlanta Hawks:

- Players acquired through trades: None. - Players acquired through free agency: Danilo Gallinari, Rajon Rondo, Kris Dunn, Solomon Hill.

- Players lost through trades: Dewayne Dedmon. - Players acquired through free agency: Jeff Teague, DeAndre' Bembry, Charles Brown Jr., Treveon Graham, Damian Jones, Skal Labissiere. Cleveland Cavaliers:

- Players acquired through trades: JaVale McGee. - Players acquired through free agency: Matthew Dellavedova (re-signed), Damyean Dotson, Thon Maker.

- Player lost through trade: Jordan Bell and Alfonzo McKinnie.

- Players acquired through free agency: Tristan Thompson, Matt Mooney, Ante Zizic.

New York Knicks:

- Players acquired through trades: Omari Spellman, Jacob Evans.

- Players acquired through free agency: Alec Burks, Nerlens Noel, Austin Rivers.

- Players lost through trades: Ed Davis.

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P opular C ulture Happiest Season: Review by Sarine Tricha Released just in time for the holidays, Clea Duvall’s rom-com Happiest Season has all the aspects that make up our favorite Christmas movies. In our story, Abby Holland (Kristen Stewart) is a shy, reserved and aloof character who, like many a character before, has strong negative feelings towards Christmas. Maybe you’re thinking of Scott (Tim Allen) in Santa Clause or the Wet Bandits in Home Alone. In any case, the trope of someone hating Christmas in a Christmas movie was not forgotten in Happiest Season. Abby’s parents ’ passed away during the holidays when she was just 19 years-old, so she associates this time of year with bad memories. On the other hand, her deeply selfconscious and self-preserved girlfriend Harper Caldwell (Mackenzie Davis) adores the Christmas season.

Photo courtesy of Hulu The film opens with the two strolling around town, and in a spur of the moment, Harper invites Abby to spend Christmas with her and her parents (Mary Steenburgen and Victor Garber). Abby’s reluctant at first, but after considering the offer, she decides it would be a great opportunity for her to meet Harper’s family and try to enjoy the holidays. The next morning, Abby’s beyond excited for their plans, but Harper’s enthusiasm has faded. She seems nervous and Abby can’t figure out why. On their way to her parents ’house, Harper pulls over to the side of the road and reveals that she

hasn’t yet come out to her parents. Abby wonders if Harper feels shame for being with her and Harper assures her that no, but she wants to introduce Abby as her roommate and maintain this lie until after Christmas because she is scared that it might create conflict in the family or hurt her father’s campaign for mayor. Abby is not pleased, but she agrees to go along with the plan. “It’s only five days, how bad could it be?” she says. Pretty bad, actually. Harper spends the majority of the time with her high school friends, and more importantly, her high school ex-boyfriend. She starts to neglect Abby’s presence while concealing their relationship, and when Abby expresses her concern, Harper condescends to her and firmly says that the two need space away from one another. As Abby goes through an emotional roller coaster all alone, she is spotted by another woman named Riley (Aubrey Plaza). Riley shares her history with Harper: the two had been best friends leading up to high school and started dating in secret freshman year. They would put love letters in each other’s lockers as a way to show affection at school while keeping their relationship in the hush. When Harper’s friends discovered a letter from Riley, Harper denied being involved with Riley and called her crazy and obsessed. After discovering this formerly unknown side of her girlfriend, Abby starts to doubt that she even knows her at all. As tension in the house rises, Abby contemplates returning home alone before Christmas. John (Daniel Levy), her best friend and moral compass of the film, reminds her of Harper’s motivation for not coming out to her family; she grew up in an environment where she felt she needed to earn her parents ’love, and she feared that telling them she was gay would jeopardize their perception of her. John reminds her that everyone and their circumstances are different, something we should all keep in mind when we don’t understand why someone is acting a certain way. On Christmas Eve, the Caldwell family hosts a dinner party and a white elephant gift exchange. This very same night, all chaos breaks loose. Of course, you’ll have to watch the movie to find out exactly what

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goes down. Maybe you’re predicting a happy ending. It is a Christmas movie after all, so that wouldn't be too surprising. With a romance put to the test, a dysfunctional family, and the nostalgic and cozy feelings we get from Christmas movies, this one is definitely worth watching. So, if you’re looking for a new movie to add to your list this year, consider this captivating and imperfect love story.

Photo courtesy of Hulu 15 Jolly Holiday Movies to Watch This Winter by Lou Lou Safran I HATE CHRISTMAS said literally no one, ever. If you really want to get into the holiday spirit after this godawful year, then here are the best movies to drink a hot cuppa cocoa with.

wedding dress. Also, for any Queen’s Gambit fans, Thomas Brodie-Sangster has an adorable role to play.

You can’t have a Christmas list without our favorite Elf. Just in case you live under a rock and have never seen it, Elf follows Buddy, a human, who’s been raised in the North Pole by elves and Santa. He has a hysterically hard time navigating New York, trying to get closer to his biological father (who is on the naughty list). Funnily enough, I think Buddy is especially relatable this year after sitting alone in our houses for nine months. So, don’t be a cotton-headed ninny muggins and go watch! Our next category is holiday musicals that will make your heart sing.

Here are some of the best modern Christmas rom coms, for when you like love!

I watch the Love Actually movie at least twice every single year, once with my family, and once in October when the seasonal depression kicks in and I don’t leave my bed for a week. It’s a perfect Christmas rom com. It intertwines eight London-based pairs discovering just how complicated relationships can be. It’s got a phenomenal cast and gives you a chance to see Colin Firth live a cottage-core life and Keira Knightley in a

Not only is White Christmas one of the greatest musicals of all time, but it’s also (you guessed it!!) a cozy Christmas movie. When two best friends and WWII veterans meet a dazzling singing sister duo, they go to Vermont and put on a musical holiday extravaganza for the ages! As if it is not a big enough reward to hear one of the most beautiful Christmas ballads in its most famous form, you get to see some absolutely glorious dancing from all four of its stars, but most notoriously from Ms. Vera-Ellen.

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Another Bing Crosby musical we have on the list is Holiday Inn, which might be just as good as our former film. It follows the winding story of Lila who was in love with Jim, but leaves him for Ted, the tale of a butt-hurt Jim who falls in love with Linda and the legend of sore Ted, who’s just been dumped by Lila and starts to fall in love with Linda much to Jim’s dismay. It’s simple, right? Wrong. See the movie and maybe you’ll explain it better!

Do you ever wish you could fight God? Bishop Henry Brougham sure does, or at least, he wishes he could fight the next best thing, a.k.a. the angel Dudley, sent to him by heaven. If that is literally not enough for you to want to watch the movie, I don’t know how else to convince you. Anyway, The Preacher’s Wife is a wonderfully fantasy-packed comedy that everybody should have the pleasure of watching. Also fun fact: Cary Grant’s real name is Archibald Alexander Leach (pronounced "leech"). Just in case you’ve got small siblings or you want your parents to feel old knowing that Macaulay Culkin is 40, here are some kid-based stories that are twice as fun.

Two beautiful, fantasy filled tales that will give you a little bit of hope for next year.

It’s a Wonderful Life is next up on our list. When George Bailey’s problems pile up and he feels like ending it all (do I say what all GenZ is thinking? … Same. There, I said it), he is rescued by a magical savior who shows him what life would be like without all of his good deeds over the years. The only good deed I’ve seen the outcome of was when I adopted a homeless cat. Now my dad loves her more than me :) This film is a Christmas classic, though and it lives up to all of its hype. P.S. If I’ve ever done anything nice for you, please contact me and let me know how it ended, I’m nosy and I could use the serotonin.

Ira Finkelstein's Christmas follows a young Jewish boy, obsessed with Christmas. He is on his way to sunny Florida when he meets a Christian boy who’d love to experience Hanukkah. How will they handle switching tickets and spending bizarre holidays with someone else’s family? Up for you to find out… or don’t, I can’t tell you what to do.

It’s kind of depressing to say that Macaulay Culkin was in his prime when he was 10 but go see Home Alone to see Macaulay Culkin in his prime! One of the most known holiday movies of all time is obviously on the list, honestly, it deserves it! It’s hilarious! If you’re 100 years old or you’ve been born yesterday, 8-year-old Kevin is forgotten by his family when they go on their holiday

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vacay. In the beginning, he’s thrilled to have free rein over the house, that’s until two infamous robbers try to get the best of him. Let me tell you, it is SO fun to watch mean old guys get hit in the face with stuff. It’s worth the watch if only for that.

Some silly slapstick and a sassy green man!

If you want to murder your family, go spend some time with someone else’s! Back to our roots with How the Grinch Stole Christmas. Obviously, this film is about how The Grinch tried to steal Christmas while Cindy raced against the clock to warm his cold heart. Mr. Grinch literally gets more and more relatable every year and it’s awesome to watch Cindy Lou in action and then look up what Taylor Momsen looks like now :) If you haven’t seen it, what are you even doing all winter?

Take a trip Home for The Holidays with Claudia, who’s just lost her job and might have to spend some time with her crazy family full of strangers. This is an uproarious comedy about how insane your folks can actually be, and it might make you want to kill your parents (who you’ve been stuck at home with you for months) less. It’s a gift to watch the struggles of people who aren’t you for two hours.

National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation is one of the only perfect slapstick comedies ever made and it revolves around a sweet Clark Griswold who is REALLY into Christmas. He promises to his family that it will be perfect but, in classic Chevy Chase fashion, he sets off a domino effect of disasters. Do you think you could pull it off any better? Here are some more… intense movies so ask your parents or don’t tell anyone who told you to watch these!

Nothing Like the Holidays is a different take on spending time with your family when a Puerto Rican family living in Chicago might be spending their last Christmas together. It’s tense and full of juicy drama that doesn’t’t revolve around slapstick, angels or human elves. Have fun seeing into the high-strung life of the Rodriguez family, you’ll love them, I’m sure.

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Lethal Weapon isn’t technically a Christmas movie, but it happens to take place during the holidays and keep you on the edge of your seat the whole time. The story takes you through two police officers ’ (ACAB but it’s a great movie) unlikely friendship in increasingly dangerous situations. Also, for any John Mulaney fans, you can say "GarY BuUSEYY???" every time the villain comes up on screen and if your parents are anything like mine, they’ll only tell you to stop after about the seventh time.

I’m honestly putting Die Hard on here to see if it pushes anyone’s buttons but it’s also one of the best action movies of all time that just happens to take place during the holidays. Detective John McClane arrives in LA hoping to see his wife for the holidays but upon arrival, he catches a hostage situation where his wife just happens to be one of the hostages. Follow his gruesome adventures with some dirty criminals all while spreading some holiday cheer.

The Ref is one of my true favorites within this list. Abandoned by his partner, a thief named Denis gets roped into an uncomfortable family situation. They may be hostages, but what they’re doing to this guy is criminal. It’s a ridiculously funny movie and if you can get past the fact that Kevin Spacey plays a good guy, then you’re going to love this. Also, Denis Leary gives me one of the most severe cases of gender envy. That wraps up our list of 15 Jolly Holiday Movies to Watch This Winter! Feel free to reach out and tell me how you liked them or what you would add. If you know my name, you know my email! See you next year… or not. Series Review: The Queen’s Gambit by Jolie Feld On October 23d, the Netflix mini-series, The Queen’s Gambit, starring Anya Taylor Joy as Beth Harmon, was released. The show is based on Walter Tevis ’novel published in 1983 by the same name. It first takes place in a 1950s orphanage, where the young Beth Harmon has discovered her extraordinary talent for chess. As the show progresses, Beth realizes her potential and works her way up to the highest ranks in chess. The story follows her journey and her struggles with addiction from an early age. I have never had any interest in chess whatsoever. I have no knowledge of it and never intended on learning much about chess. When the Queen’s Gambit was released, I immediately heard raving reviews. At the time, I was in no rush to watch it or even find out anything about it, as I did not care about chess and could not possibly understand how a period piece about orphans and chess could be so great. I continued to ignore the hype until I was told how great it was by a few of my close friends. I decided that there was no harm in trying it out and set out to watch it. For much of the first episode, nothing really jumped out at me. I didn’t mind the show, the cinematography was very interesting, and the acting was great. The story itself was interesting, but I wasn’t entirely sure why people had become so obsessed with the series. After about 20 minutes, I began to understand the popularity. The investment I

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developed in the story and the characters was somewhat concerning. Every chess match, I sat on the edge of my chair, watching the protagonist’s every move, anxious about whether she would win. I binged the show in a little over two days, it was just that addictive. Every episode was long but left me wanting more and going on to the next one. I think part of the charm of The Queen’s Gambit, is in the writing of the characters. The show made some people seem so approachable, while they were meant to be some of the most gifted people in the world. Beth Harmon is a child prodigy, whose level of genius and talent made her seem untouchable. But the writers were able to humanize her, by adding the addiction story line. The characters were lovable, their development throughout the story made it easy to get attached.

that has access to it, whether you like chess or have never seen a chess board in your life. So, if you have time to spare, check out The Queen’s Gambit, I promise you will not be disappointed.

Aside from the impeccable storylines and characters, the show was visually stunning. The costumes and sets were beautiful, every detail caught my attention. Every set put together by the decorator, Ingeborg Heinemann, helped bring together a somewhat muted yet vibrant tone that helped the characters truly stand out. The incredibly talented costume designer, Gabriele Binder, dressed the actors in some of the most beautiful period costumes ever, and found ways to connect the themes of the story with the outfits. Beth is often dressed in checkered outfits, to match her chess boards. The cinematography was amazing, the wide shots and camera angles by cinematographer, Steven Meizler, added a lot of visual dimension to the show. Overall, I have absolutely zero criticism of this show. I’d like to personally thank the creators and writers, Scott Frank and Allan Scott, for this wonderful gift to television. I recommend this series to anyone

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Divers ity P ag e Ellen Ochoa: Redefining Ethnicity and Gender in executed the first docking to the International Space Space Station (ISS). by Amanda Penichet During her expansive career, Ochoa amassed numerous, well-deserved awards, those of which In 1991, Ellen Ochoa became the world’s first include NASA’s Exceptional Service Medal (1997), the Hispanic female astronaut. After having received her Outstanding Leadership Medal (1995) and various Space Flight Medals (1993, 1994, 1999, 2002) – thus master’s degree (1981) and a doctorate (1985) in electrical engineering at Stanford University, she began successfully redefining the value of ethnicity and gender in space. her career as a research engineer at Sandia National Laboratories and at NASA’s Ames Research Center. A Discussion & Analysis of Nikki Finney’s After only a couple years in her research position “The Aureole” and several patents later, Ochoa was selected by by Satya Amin NASA in 1990 to join its renowned astronaut program – “The Aureole” is a poem written by Nikki Finney, thereby establishing her title as the first Hispanic female an African American LGBT poet who in her poem astronaut when she completed her training in 1991. addresses the push and pull and plethora of thoughts After this achievement, Ochoa then became the first that come with acting on her sexuality. Latinx woman to be launched into space in April 1993 From the beginning of the poem, we see an aboard the STS-56 mission of the shuttle Discovery, internal fight manifest itself physically through the line “I where she served as mission specialist. stopped my hand midair.” As we continue, this notion of the internal debate that comes with expressing her sexuality is furthered through the use of “if”. If she touches a woman everything about her will be true. She uses a historical reference to Brenda Jones, saying it is what she was stoned for in 1969, but the more significant aspect of that stanza is when she saw it but didn’t’t realize she was taking it in herself. This is somewhat of a play on the idea of sexuality being something that can rub off on people. She took in some of it. But in another sense, she is also taking in all the pain that comes with it and the suffering that Brenda Jones experienced. She then returns back to the reference to physical parts of her body to exemplify her internal feelings. She uses her hand as a means to convey her feelings in a way disconnected from her. She says that her hands The following year, Ochoa was a member of the remember. Her hands are something outside of her STS-66 Atlantis mission crew, where they released the control. Her hand remembers even if she does not and satellite, CRISTA-SPAS, which played a vital role in she cannot stop it from touching this woman. It is not retrieving data with regards to Earth’s atmosphere. Her her choice. last mission was in May 1999, when she, along with the other astronauts of the Discovery STS-96 crew,

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Throughout the poem she presents this act she is about to commit as being life changing. She even goes so far as to say that in touching this woman she is agreeing to change her life forever. We see her almost weighing the pros against the cons. The cons being that she is subjecting herself to possible persecution, but we see that she is incapable of stopping herself, nonetheless. We see that she even weeps tears because she is afraid of the persecution and yet against all logic, she is entranced. The poet shows this entrancement in part through the use of metonymy to show how her hand is detached from herself as well as the use of the word “primal” in talking about her kissing this woman but also in the way that she describes her as being almost like a piece of art. She contains constellations in her eyes and has film reels for eyes. To her the woman’s eyes contain a movie in that she could get lost looking into them. Finally, towards the end we see on the poet’s part an acceptance of adversity if it means she can be with this woman. We see her say that the wrench that was thrown at Brenda Jones who she mentioned earlier in the poem will be thrown at her. She knows it is coming yet she will no longer do anything to prevent it. As the poem draws to a close, our gaze departs from the two people and into a larger view of the city. We are transported outside to where her car is. She says she will be chased down the street which we can assume is someone committing a hate crime. We also see at the very end of her poem a reference to her grandmother. She says that chickens will fly up spooked never to lay another egg again. We can assume laying eggs represents having kids and that the spooked chickens represent a negative reaction from her grandmother to what she is doing. What is significant to me about this is that we see throughout the poem a reference to hate crimes and being robbed, all horrendous acts and yet the final note the poem leaves on is one of her family. Despite everything, her family is still the thing which she cares about most and whose approval she cares about most. Overall, I believe that this poem is beautifully written and tells the story of a woman and the huge

weight that is within the decision of simply being with a woman for her when to straight couples it is not. However, on another note, disregard the LGBT aspect, it is a beautiful poem about the love she has for this woman and our inability to truly repress our desires. I highly recommend it as it is a beautiful poem written by a minority author and if you want to read it or listen to it you can find the poem as well as a soundbite of it at the poetry foundation or at this link: https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/55991/theaureole. How COVID-19 Has Overwhelmingly Struck Black Owned Businesses by Jane Weitz The Black community has been disproportionately hurt by the coronavirus, dealing with health crises, business closures, and job losses. 41 percent of Black owned businesses have fallen compared to their white-owned counterparts' 17 percent, according to research from the National Bureau of Economic Research. Why is it that Black businesses have been over twice as likely to fail in contrast to their white counterparts, just as Black unemployment is often double that for white people? According to the Economic Policy Institute, “The disparate racial impact of the virus is deeply rooted in historic and ongoing social and economic injustices. Persistent racial disparities in health status, access to health care, wealth, employment, wages, housing, income, and poverty all contribute to greater susceptibility to the virus—both economically and physically.” He then went on to say, “The impact of COVID opens all of the inequities, disparities of the double and triple standards in America. .When it comes to education, income, business, or health, we are disadvantaged and devastated to a much larger extent than white people.” The harsh reality is that Black Americans are not afforded the same opportunities as white people, especially when it comes to economic success and career opportunities. According to a report from Business Insider, only four of the current Fortune 500 CEOs are Black.

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You can help this ever-growing problem in an economic sense by buying from Black owned businesses. Instead of getting all of your products through Amazon and other big-name retailers, you could try to spend your money at Black-owned businesses. This link gives a list of local Los Angeles businesses that you can support: https://www.latimes.com/lifestyle/story/2020-0603/black-owned-businesses-in-los-angeles.

General’s office. Kemp was the Secretary of State of Georgia at the time of the election, meaning he was in charge of voter registration. He cancelled 1.4 million voter registrations, though he won a lawsuit against him for illegal vote suppression or purging. Stacey Abrams lost the election by 50,000 votes. While she did not challenge the election results, she announced the creation of Fair Fight Action, a nonprofit organization for voting rights and voter protection. Stacey Abrams: a Profile In 2019, she was the first African American by Brady Keith woman to give the Response to the State of the Stacey Yvonne Abrams was born December 9, Union address, the first and only person who did not 1973, and has fought for equality and fairness for all hold office at the time to do so, ever. While she was in the United States ever since. She is a Democratic considered for Joe Biden’s pick for Vice-Presidential politician in Georgia, but currently does not hold a running-mate, she was ultimately not chosen, but was position in office. However, her impact on the 2020 one of 17 to deliver the keynote address at the 2020 election and her pioneering achievements make her DNC. She and Fair Fight Action are credited by The an inspiration for all. New York Times and the Washington Post with Born in Gulfport, Mississippi, the second of six registered 800,000 voters in the Georgia election, and siblings, she graduated as valedictorian at Avondale was likely a major contributor to the results of the High School. At the age of 17, she was hired as a 2020 election. Without her, we might have a different typist for a congressional campaign, and, because president-elect. she made such good tweaks to the speeches she Abrams is also a writer. She has sold over typed, was hired as a speechwriter. In 1992, as a 100,000 copies of her romantic suspense novels. She freshman at Spelman College – a historically black has also published articles on public policy, nonwomen’s college, she protested Georgia’s state flag. profits, and taxation. She has won awards from the It incorporated the Confederate flag, and it was later Kennedy Library and Harvard’s Institute of Politics. changed in 2001, because of the growing efforts of She has made many lists for young future leaders protesters like herself. Abrams told the then mayor on and is currently on the boards of directors for the a televised debate during the Rodney King riots that Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee and the he wasn’t doing enough for young people. She Center for American Progress. Stacey Abrams is a graduated in 1995, magna cum laude. She studied pioneer for civil rights in America and is an inspiration public policy at the University of Texas at Austin and to many. She has overcome many obstacles, and is a earned a Doctor of Jurisprudence in 1999 from Yale fearless and powerful politician who is just getting School. started. In 2006, Abrams was elected to Georgia’s House of Representatives, for the 89th district, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez: a Profile. representing parts of Atlanta. According to Time By Lou Lou Safran magazine, she is single-handedly responsible for The world is afraid of unstoppable women. I’ve avoiding the largest tax increase in Georgia’s history. got three letters for you today: AOC. No, not the Los In 2010, she was elected as minority leader. In 2018, Angeles eatery, I’m talking about representative (Dshe ran for governor of Georgia. Endorsed by Bernie NY 14th District) Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who in Sanders and Barack Obama, she won the 2019, tore through the ranks and dismantled another Democratic nomination. Her opponent, Brian Kemp, pocket of the patriarchy, unseating ten-term accused her campaign’s office of “possible incumbent, Joe Crowley. I want to go into detail on cybercrimes,” though this was proven to be false by a where this wonder woman came from, what her 2020 investigation by the Georgia’s Attorney

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policies are and why she sparks so much hate from conservative Republicans and many moderate Democrats. "I was born in a place where your ZIP code determines your destiny." - AOC There’s a reason Representative Alexandria is so involved, knowledgeable and compelling when she speaks about low-income bracket communities, she grew up in one. Her family is Puerto Rican and lived in the Bronx neighbourhood of Parkchester in an apartment, until they moved to a suburban house in Yorktown Heights. She studied at Boston University and served as an intern for U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy, in his section of foreign affairs and immigration issues. She spoke about this experience and told us "I was the only Spanish speaker, and as a result, as basically a kid—a 19-, 20-year-old kid—whenever a frantic call would come into the office because someone is looking for their husband because they have been snatched off the street by ICE, I was the one that had to pick up that phone. I was the one that had to help that person navigate our system." She graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in both international relations and economics. "I’m not running from the left; I'm running from the bottom. I'm running in fierce advocacy for workingclass New Yorkers." - AOC After college, Alexandria (or Sandy, as her family and friends call her) moved back to the Bronx and took a job bartending and waitressing to help her mother keep their family home. She also worked for the non-profit National Hispanic Institute. During the 2016 primary, Ocasio-Cortez worked as an organizer for Bernie Sanders’s Presidential Campaign. After the election, she travelled around America to places like Flint, Michigan and Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota to speak to the people affected by the Flint water crisis and the Dakota Access Pipeline. In an interview she said her visit to Standing Rock was a tipping point, and before that, she had believed that the only way to run for office effectively was to have access to wealth, social influence, and power. Seeing people "putting their whole lives and everything that they had on the line for the protection of their community" inspired her to begin to work for her own community. Soon after

visiting North Dakota, she got a call from Brand New Congress (a political action committee, formed by former staffers and supporters of Bernie’s 2016 campaign to help elect hundreds of new congressional representatives in line with the campaign's political platform), which was recruiting progressive candidates. "I started my campaign out of a Trader Joe's bag with a bunch of printed palm cards and an idea." - AOC Ocasio-Cortez began her campaign in April 2017 while waiting tables and tending bar at Flats Fix, a taqueria in New York City's Union Square. She was the first person since 2004 to challenge Joe Crowley in the primary. She faced a financial disadvantage, saying, "You can't really beat big money with more money. You have to beat them with a totally different game." That different game undertook grassroots mobilization and did not take donations from corporations. Her campaign posters' designs were inspired by old revolutionary posters. On June 18, a debate in the Bronx was scheduled, but Crowley did not even show up. He sent former New York City Council member Annabel Palma in his place. OcasioCortez was endorsed by progressive and civil rights organizations such as MoveOn and Democracy for America, and by actress and first-time candidate Cynthia Nixon. The odds were stacked so high against her, every person of power endorsed Crowley. She only got two endorsements, both of which were dual endorsements that were originally for Crowley. On June 26, 2018, Ocasio-Cortez received 57.13% of the vote (15,897) to Joe Crowley's 42.5% (11,761), defeating the 10-term incumbent by almost 15 percentage points. Time called her victory "the biggest upset of the 2018 elections so far" and The Guardian called it "one of the biggest upsets in recent American political history". She was outspent by a margin of 18 to 1 ($1.5 million to $83,000) but won the endorsement of some influential groups on the party's far left. Merriam-Webster reported that searches for the word "socialism" spiked 1,500% after her victory. Ms. AOC also won the Reform Party primary as a write-in candidate in a neighbouring congressional district, New York's 15th, with a total vote count of nine, highest among all 22 write-in candidates. She declined the nomination. She is the youngest U.S. congresswoman in history and her status as neopolitical icon is cemented in history.

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"It’s really scary or it's easy to generate fear around an idea or around an -ism when you don’t provide any substance to it." - AOC Ocasio-Cortez battled Republican nominee Anthony Pappas in the November 6 general election. According to the New York Post, Pappas did not actively campaign. The Post wrote that "Pappas' bid was a long shot." Ocasio-Cortez was endorsed by various politically progressive organizations and figures, including former President Barack Obama and U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders. She spoke at the Netroots Nation conference in August 2018 and was called "the undisputed star of the convention." She won the election with 78% of the vote (110,318) to Pappas' 14% (17,762). In 2020 Michelle CarusoCabrera challenged her in the Democratic primary. Alexandria won the nomination (obviously). OcasioCortez's Republican challengers in the general election include nominee John Cummings, a former police officer, and Antoine Tucker, a write-in. On October 20, 2020, AOC hosted an awesome Twitch stream of playing Among Us (the video game but I’m sure everyone knows that.) with an iconic crew, to compel people to vote. Others on the stream were congresswoman, Ilhan Omar, musical artist Mxmtoon, Pokimane, DrLupo and even Corpse. It’s not every day you see a politician have an overwhelming amount of people shipping them with a faceless gamer. Now that you’ve gotten a look into her life, let’s see some of AOC’s political positions

ECONOMIC INEQUALITY Representative Ocasio-Cortez believes that in a modern, moral, and wealthy society, no one should be too poor to live. This is one of the subjects she fights most passionately on. She strongly supports a wealth tax, union rights, and pay equity. Earlier this year, she introduced the Loan Shark Prevention Act, which establishes a 15% cap on interest rates for all loans, including credit cards, payday lenders, and title loans. She has used her platform to spark a national debate on tax rates by calling for a top marginal rate of 70% on millionaire fortunes. She hopes to usher in a new era of shared prosperity and lift millions out of poverty.

CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM AOC is dead set on dismantling our system of mass incarceration and ending the school-to-prison pipeline. She is one of the biggest supporters of ending for-profit prisons, the release of individuals incarcerated for non-violent drug offenses, the end of cash bail, and independent investigations for any and every time an individual is killed by law enforcement. Recently, she has co-sponsored the Fair Chance Act, H.R. 1076, which prohibits Federal agencies and Federal contractors from requesting that an applicant disclose criminal history record information before they have received a conditional offer. EDUCATION Representative Ocasio-Cortez thinks that regardless of socioeconomic status, everyone should have access to education. This is why she supports the Student Debt Cancellation Act of 2019, which forgives outstanding federal and private student loans of all previous and current students in our education system. She also believes that education can empower our community to create sustainable futures. That is why she supports HR 3457, which would amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to ensure college for all.

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HEALTHCARE Alexandria believes that in the richest country on earth, no person should suffer because they cannot afford healthcare. She is an unapologetic advocate of Medicare for All, which would create a universal, single payer healthcare system. Additionally, AOC believes that all people must have access to safe and affordable prescription medications. She believes that healthcare is a human right and will continue to fight for every person to have access to high-quality and consistent care.

voted in favour of the Equality Act, which would expand existing civil rights laws to make discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender-identity illegal. As the Vice Chair to the Congressional Oversight Subcommittee on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, she is dedicated to ensuring equal rights and protections for the LGBTQIA+ community across the nation. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is ushering in a new era with her superhuman group in Congress. When the time comes to challenge a historic status quo, put in place by conservative, successful, leaders of the white patriarchy and the loudest voices screaming for change come from people that have been oppressed for centuries, the people at the top are scared to lose a society that they built for themselves and no one else. Maybe this time they should be scared. The world is changing for the better and we’re lucky to be alive to see it happening.

HOUSING Representative Ocasio-Cortez believes that every human being has the right to housing that is safe, sanitary, and secure. That’s why she is fighting to advance housing policies that would address the needs of her constituents. AOC supports extending tax benefits to working and middle-class homeowners, expanding the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit, and permanently funding the National Affordable Housing Trust Fund. IMMIGRATION AOC believes that in this country, our diversity is our greatest strength. She is fighting for a fair immigration reform that gives everyone a chance. In June of 2019, she joined her House of Representatives colleagues to successfully pass the American Dream and Promise Act of 2019. This bill is paving the way to citizenship for undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children (known as DREAMers) and many immigrants with temporary humanitarians’ protections. LGBTQIA+ RIGHTS AOC is an enormous supporter of equality for all, regardless of sexuality or gender identity. She

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L et’s T ac o B out F ood Recipe for Super Quick and Easy Lava Cake! By Lila Vandenberghe 1. Set oven to 350ºF. 2. Combine ¼ cup of chocolate chips with ¼ cup of butter. 3. Microwave for 1min. 4. Add ¼ cup of flour, ¼ cup powdered sugar, ¼ cup milk, ⅛ cup cocoa powder. 5. Mix until it forms a batter. 6. Pour into a ramekin. 7. Cook for 12min.


Madame Kabbaz’s Favorite Recipe: Lemon Ricotta Cake by Brady Keith “This is basically my favorite and go-to cake! I do not bother with the topping; I just dust the top with powdered sugar. I add a bit of yogurt so that it is super moist!” -Mme Kabbaz Servings: 12 Prep: 20 minutes; Cook: 40 minutes; Ready in: 2 hours Ingredients:


1 1/3 cups (188g) all-purpose flour (scoop and level to measure) - 2 tsp baking powder

1/4 tsp salt 1 cup (200g) granulated sugar 1/2 cup (113g) unsalted butter, softened 2 1/2 Tbsp lemon zest 3 large eggs 1 tsp vanilla extract 1 1/2 cups (356g) whole milk ricotta cheese

Ingredients for Topping: - 1 lb. fresh strawberries, diced or sliced - 3 1/2 Tbsp (42g) granulated sugar, divided - 1 cup (235ml) heavy cream Directions: - Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Butter a 9inch springform pan, line bottom with a round of parchment paper and butter parchment. - In a medium mixing bowl whisk together flour, baking powder and salt, set aside. - In the bowl of an electric stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment cream together sugar, butter and lemon zest until pale and fluffy. - Mix in eggs one at a time (mixture will appear lumpy), blend in vanilla.

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- Add in half of the flour mixture and mix just until combined, add ricotta and mix just until combined. - Add in last half of the flour mixture and mix just until combined. Gently fold batter to ensure ingredients are evenly incorporated. - Pour batter into prepared springform pan and spread into an even layer. Bake in preheated oven until cake is set (a toothpick can come out moist but no batter), about 45 - 50 minutes. - Let cake cool 10 minutes then run a knife around edge to loosen any edges that may have stuck slightly, remove springform ring and continue to let cool. - Once cool, slice and serve with macerated strawberries and whipped cream.

Instructions for Macerated Strawberries: - In a medium mixing bowl toss strawberries with 2 Tbsp of the sugar. Cover and let rest in refrigerator while cake is baking and cooling. - In a separate medium mixing bowl using an electric hand mixer whip heavy cream until soft peaks form. - Add 1 1/2 Tbsp sugar and whip until stiff peaks form. Store in refrigerator until ready to serve. Recipe source: Cooking Classy

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S oup for the S oul OPIONION PIECES In-Depth Analysis of Trump on Thanksgiving by Jolie Feld Thanksgiving is a holiday that brings people together. We sit around a table, sharing experiences and food with families and friends. This year, as it was strongly advised against any gathering, Thanksgiving was different. Thanksgiving of 2020 was a socially distanced, masked event, with lots of hand cleaning involved. However, not for President Trump. President Trump was seen multiple times throughout the day, and not once was he wearing a mask. Aside from that, he had an interesting exchange with a large, white turkey named Corn, and held a press conference while sitting at a toddler sized desk.

an appearance in order to speak to a bird. Corn must truly be a very “lucky bird”.

Trump also held a strangely hilarious press conference on Thanksgiving. Though his press conferences are often laughable, the spotlight in this one was stolen by what looked like a desk for a toddler, stamped with the presidential seal. Trump spoke to the press about his calls to military members and veterans, but the speech devolved into a stream of lies about how “rigged” the election was, with absolutely no evidence. He also snapped at a journalist while taking questions, as he often does. While what he said was all very entertaining, the most amusing aspect was by far the desk. I’m not sure why it was so very small, or where this desk had come from, but it was ridiculously tiny. People all over the To start off, I’d like to take a moment to internet made jokes about it, comparing the President acknowledge the strange speech made by the to a baby. president as he pardoned the turkey. Calling Corn, the Overall, I was not let down by what this year’s turkey, and his alternate, Cob, "some real beauties," Thanksgiving had to offer and enjoyed all of these President Trump announced that the turkeys would now events. I’m sure Corn, the turkey, did too. "retire under the care of skilled veterinarians”. Trump, with First Lady Melania Trump at his side, wished both Gen Z: It’s Our Time to Make a Change birds "a very long, happy and memorable life." "Look at by Barrett Ahn that beautiful, beautiful bird, so lucky. That is a lucky We, and everyone else who is 23 years-old or bird," said the president, as Corn was placed on a younger, fall into the category known as the techdecorated table for photos. “Corn, I hereby grant you a savvy and “woke” iGeneration. Although we don’t like full pardon. Thank you, Corn," Trump added, briefly being labeled, we’ve been called by many names, petting the bird. While I am fully aware that the from the not-so-original Zoomers to the mildly alarming ceremonial pardoning of the turkey is a White House “climate-change-conquering group of social media tradition that dates back to 1989, something about this vigilantes.” As we near the end of 2020, into the year’s ceremony was particularly funny. Trump had somewhat promising dawn of 2021, I wonder if we been hiding from the world since the election, refusing actually have the power to make next year better, to concede, but on Thanksgiving, he was able to make much better, than this one. Forbes recently released its 30 Under 30 list for 2021, a compilation of 600 young people who are

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exceptional in their fields (ranging from healthcare workers to social media influencers) and have made a difference in the world, especially during these difficult times. 12 percent of those who made it on the list are Gen Zers. It’s no secret that our generation is filled with some brilliant and remarkable people. Malala Yousafzai, age 23, is a well-known activist for education of children and women, earning her the Nobel Peace Prize; The Parkland Teens are leaders of the national movement against gun violence, especially in schools, and organizers of the March for Our Lives; Seventeen-yearold and Nobel-Peace-Prize-winning Greta Thunberg is internationally recognized for challenging world leaders to take swift actions in combatting climate change. These young people are just a few of what makes our generation unique in its social and environmental alertness. Because of these young movers and shakers of our time, we may be tempted to believe that our generation is the best. Even though we can be painted as disillusioned nihilists of our world, we are also protestors of an inefficient government, racial and gender inequalities, a worsening climate and, according to Pew Research Center, we’re on track to be the besteducated generation thus far. However, our age group is not all golden. We are 27 percent more likely than other generations to report our mental health as “fair” or “poor.” We’ve contributed to the rise in a new form of public shaming, cancel or call-out culture, a trend of toxic criticisms. Social media dominates the lives of most of us, with Instagram and Snapchat wreaking havoc on selfesteem and body image. In the 30 under 30 list, many of the Gen Zers fall into the social media and entertainment category, with a new occupation under their names—TikToker. I don’t believe that this new type of influencer is a negative thing. Personally, swaying your hips to catchy pop songs and talking to your mirror in one-minute videos aren’t activities that can change the world. However, some are actually using their platform to address today’s pertinent issues, like cyberbullying, or are getting candid about often considered taboo subjects like depression and problems with body image.

Despite this, we are a generation that can alter the status quo as we know it. In the 2020 elections, we only made-up 4 percent of the voters, yet an overwhelming majority backed Biden over Trump. We are revolutionizing activism, to the point where being politically and socially engaged has become part of our identity as a generation. We’ve inserted ourselves into the forces that are trying to make society better and leading movements for BLM and #MeToo, and against police brutality and sexism. Our age poses no barriers whatsoever to our capabilities. We’ve been keeping our eyes wide open to the injustices of our time. We have a voice. We have the power to change the world. Our time is now. The Case For and Against Thrifting A Debate, by Pablo Garms and Brady Keith In recent years, thrifting has become a very popular trend. Many kids our age love discovering good clothes for low prices and helping the environment while we’re at it, but there is a debate to be had on whether or not it is good for society: by thrifting so much, we can actually disadvantage those who can’t afford to shop anywhere else. So, is thrifting a fun pastime that helps us, or is it a dangerous fad that is hurting our society’s most vulnerable? Here is the case for, and against, thrift shopping. The Case for Thrifting: Our planet is dying, and we need to do something about it. Many industries are to be held accountable, and we need to each make an effort to reduce our environmental footprint. But how can we do that? In the world we live in, how is it possible to get the products we want while being more sustainable? The answer, of course, is thrifting. Long looked down upon for “dirty, stained pieces of garbage,” it is now a trend to get surprisingly highquality, clean, vintage clothing articles for a good price. My mom has been thrifting for more than five years, before it was a trend. She saw that fast fashion (most major clothing brands, who produce low-cost, low-quality clothing) often required the use of poor working conditions in foreign countries. When she learned about this, she vowed to try to stop supporting the businesses that relied on exploitation for profit. She is the person who introduced me to thrifting, and I am so glad she did, because there are many benefits to doing so over supporting fast The Roar fashion.

When she went to her first thrift store in Santa Monica, she discovered that the stereotypes of dingy and dirty thrift stores were not true: there were wonderful places with great clothes, which she could buy for a fraction of their normal price, all while helping the environment and avoiding that these clothes be sent to landfills. Clothes from fast fashion are often made from unsustainably sourced materials and employ questionable labor practices: there have been many scandals over the years for inadequate pay and poor working conditions in developing countries. Many believe that there is no other option. That as a consumer, we are not responsible for where we spend our money. But nothing could be further from the truth. Where we spend our money matters. Thrifting is the first step to a more sustainable economy, which is why it is a benefit to society. I have been regularly going to thrift stores for over a year. In that time, I have had a lot of fun picking out clothes, and there is nothing like the feeling of satisfaction you get from getting a great piece for a great price; the serotonin from finding a sweater or a pair of jeans that are normally worth $200 for $10. I love going home and finding the clothes I almost didn’t buy online for hundreds of dollars: it makes me feel like I really accomplished something. It is also a great opportunity to explore fashion and to have a great time with friends. Overall, thrifting is good for everybody: we can get high-quality but cheap clothes that we want, and we can help the environment and better our society at the same time. I encourage everyone to try thrifting, because at worst, you cannot find anything you like, but at best, it can become a new hobby, a way to express yourself, and it can show companies that we want clothes and products that are made ethically and sustainably. At best, thrifting can make the world a better place. The Case against Thrifting: Many people love thrifting, and for good reason. However, it is not a black-and-white issue. While there are many benefits, there are also some cons to buying clothes at thrift stores. These cons may make thrifting unsuitable for the role it has taken on. Thrifting serves a valuable purpose: giving extra clothes to the people who need them. But when people who can afford to pay extra start taking

advantage of these opportunities, then thrifting can actually become a detriment to society and cause more harm than good. First of all, many people that thrift today are doing it because, well, it’s fun! However, many people who thrift today don’t actually need to. These people have the money to buy their own clothes, but instead, choose to get them secondhand. The number of people who shop at thrift stores has gone up substantially in recent years. Demand for secondhand clothing has risen, and as such, prices have gone up too. According to Statepress.com, “prices are increasingly focused on the maximum a customer would pay for a good, or how it’s priced in retail or other resale markets.” In other words, rich people are currently gentrifying thrift shopping, pushing the poor out of the way to get reasonably priced clothes. If people who can afford it are taking all the clothes, then there is little left for those who rely on thrift stores, and those remaining clothes will be at a higher price. The same is true for what clothes people are choosing to thrift. Increasingly, finding plus-sized clothes is becoming more and more trendy, but this poses a problem. As there is a finite supply of plussized clothing available at thrift stores, non-plus-sized people are taking the supply away from people who don’t have a choice as to what size they wear. Thrift stores do good when they allow people to get the clothes they need, but the role it has taken on now as a trendy way for people to get cheap clothes has stopped people from properly benefiting from it. Finally, thrifting is undoubtedly becoming more and more popular, and it is undoubtedly very fun and a pastime for many. But, the same issues for fast fashion are appearing in thrifting today: as people buy more and more clothes, it is eventually a waste. People have more clothes than ever, which is just hurting the environment. What difference does it make if we thrift our clothes rather than support fast fashion, if we accumulate beyond our needs and waste? Why thrift when we could just do more with less? Is thrifting a valid solution, or is it just a trend that causes more problems than it solves? In conclusion, I believe that, while thrifting is good for getting clothes reasonably and sustainably, it is a harmful trend that needs to stop, as the increase

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in accumulation of clothes is harmful to the environment (causing the very same problem that going thrifting supposedly fixed), and because the gentrification of thrift stores has made it less accessible to those who need it most. At best, thrifting can be a way for those who need it to get affordable clothes, while avoiding them going to the landfill. Though, at worst, thrifting can be equally harmful to the environment and neglect to help anyone. At worst, thrifting can hurt society’s most vulnerable. The Importance of Reading by Eloise Ngo Books have been around for thousands of years. Before the invention of the internet, the only way to access rare information or knowledge was through them. Without the ability to read and to write, knowledge and wisdom couldn’t’t have been passed on throughout history. Without books, much of the ancient world would be lost forever. They’ve archived the history of the world, passed on stories from generation to generation and simply remain timeless. Reading was once considered a great privilege and a rarity. Thanks to the power of print, books no longer had to be handwritten and became a lot more common. Scientific studies prove that reading has numerous benefits, a handful of them being improving your worldview convictions, your ability to empathize, your vocabulary, your historical and cultural knowledge and reducing stress. It could also enhance your creativity and writing skills, as well as lengthen your lifespan. I find that the biggest advantage of reading is simply enjoying it. There isn’t much in a book that you couldn’t find somewhere else, but unlike articles, YouTube videos and more, books take years to be written. They are carefully crafted over sometimes painful days and nights of restless writing and rewriting. They are created over months and months of dedication and research. Reading permits you to discover a world made sometimes only from the imagination of an author and to live through a character with a different culture, language and social class, etc. You can travel back through time, visit a different place, read the biography of a historical figure, learn about the wonders of physics and science in general, read meaningful poetry and philosophical ideas and concepts and much, much more. The beauty of writing is that it lasts forever. A couple of hundred years ago, Les Misérables by Victor

Hugo was published. To this day, it is recognized as one of the biggest pieces of literature in history. Another example would be Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley in 1823, which is still worldly known. Books have inspired some of the most iconic movies of all time as well, for example The Godfather, Dracula, Little Women and Lord of the Rings (or even Mean Girls). The point is, whether you’d rather read comic books, nonfiction or or sci-fi novels, it would most probably change your life for the better. Are We Always Trying to Please Society? by Tifaine Tordjmann Society has set out two dirt paths. Both leading to different consequences. The first one can get you money and sustain your life’s needs but leaving you almost always not at your true state of happiness. The second, you do what you want, living through ups and downs to find your true happiness, however that means for you to live your life. The issue is, in our society it is impossible to choose to live according to dirt path #2. The standards our society has set out for each and every one of us leads us to path #1. This issue lies in the collectivist way we have laid out paths for each individual. You are meant to follow certain goals like getting a degree, having a family, buying a home, oppressing the individualistic lifestyle of being able to explore, to discover the unknown, to be free. Although we do not live in a totalitarian society, we still have propaganda that influences most of our population to end up in a bright-lit cubicle. I asked a few people around me, and they all agreed that they would much rather be doing something else then what their lives had ended up being. But what’s stopping us from doing what we are truly meant to do? There are many ways to go about this question, but I personally believe that many of us are afraid of disappointing society and our families. We have the standard that money=happiness, meaning when you finish high school or college, you direct your future goals to what will bring you the most money, making your family proud, and not necessarily a future that will bring you happiness. Even if you believe your family will support you no matter what, you still have that underlying fear of disappointment.

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I believe our goal on this Earth is to find our true happiness, going through ups and downs, moments of grief, moments of despair, to find what completes you and makes your time on this Earth worthwhile. The message I want to have come across is to always check in on yourself with your mental state, and what you can always do to make it better. Life is too precious to waste it on something so superficial as society’s standards and other people’s opinions, as your true happiness is all that matters, and you don’t have to wait till your retirement to find it.

I’m from the country of immigrants which brought my immigrant family together. I’m from each corner of the globe and yet only one. I’m from Los Angeles and the house on the corner. I’m from the room in the corner next to the garage.

I’m from a big family yet feeling alone with a single mom. From larger family functions and falling asleep in a house alone. From a family which I see every week and a family PS: this article might sound very privileged, as many which I see once a year. people do not have the funds to do what they want, so From a five-minute drive to see my family and a end up with a certain lifestyle that isn’t their dream twelve-hour flight to see my family. because of social issues, which are out of their control. From a family with everything and a family with barely This is my take on how life could’ve gone if it wasn’t enough to stay alive. how it is; to change our society would be impossible and I’m from two families and yet only one. could take hundreds, thousands of years to happen if it actually did. This is just my idea of how human life I’m from summers spent at the beach and winters should have continued to evolve as:) spent watching for snow. From birthdays in my backyard and birthdays away CREATIVE WRITING from home. Where i’m from From Persian traditions and German holidays. From cold summer nights and warm winter mornings. Where i’m from From a thousand different stories all wrapped into by Satya Amin one. I’m from dreams of Paris and London and fears of I’m from sweaty summers in Tehran. Wiesbaden and Los Angeles. From polluted air and dry heat. From excitement and fear. From a revolution which tore the country apart. From fireworks on New Year’s Eve and none on the From a thousand years of silk scarves, spices and Fourth of July. bazaars. From dreaming of living and a fear of life. From the first legend of Zahl. From already knowing the world and knowing nothing about the world. I’m from cobble stone streets and little castles. From dark forests and wild boars. I’m from Germany 1940. From the wrong side of a war of wars rooted in hate. I’m from Iran 1979. From a culture of beer, wine, sausages and potatoes. I’m from America 1865. From ancient fairytales of witches, warlocks and I’m from those born with a silver spoon in mouth milkmaidens. and those who could not afford to buy one. I’m from a culture to which I do not fully belong. From rap music, coarse hair and the deep south of North Carolina. From the beginning of Jazz, blues and hip hop. From two hundred years of segregation and slavery. From a boat that set sail in the middle of the night from a city I will never know.

I’m from those who hated the blacks and those who were the blacks. I’m from sickness and I’m from health. I’m from worlds of contrast linked only through me.

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Where i’m from by Leana Borsuk The sweet perfume of the orange blossoms Traveling with the salty wind coming from the ocean The crickets mindlessly rubbing their legs together Never minded it; the sound was my timekeeper Searching for fresh tomatoes in the potager While they were sipping Barbera Of course, before noon Finished my bruschetta Hid behind the grapevines Humming a tune The nightfall always came faster than I thought The fireflies skimming the surface of the pond From afar, The light in the dark blended as one The lingering memories of the buzz saw Haunting even the nightfall Walking through the lily-pad styled stone path Led me to the well Where I questioned the past Yearning to know what’s hidden behind the walls I ran back to the house I searched the drawers I found in between the bookshelves The passageway to the root of ourselves I found the hidden treasure It was filled with the rarest of rubies and diamonds What was hidden behind it? Was the fear, and the hidden violence As you were being fed at the table Who would have thought you came from turmoil The moments where your eyes would water Because you couldn’t’t remember Without knowing, all I could do is imagine The demons that followed you as they turned you into a dragon Ambition, strength what people thought Possessiveness and control were what you brought Of course, I wasn’t there how should I know You left a stamp without the envelope

Was more than none I know you were a fighter But not always the best one He was close to the end Scared to take his final breath Trapped in the cell His crime being Jewish And helping the Resistance How do you move on? How has that affected me? Where I’m from? It’s not a place, not a feeling, not a community It’s what I’ve learned from others that shaped me I came from the grass meadows and the dark alleys. Where i’m from by Rodolphe Le Feuvre I’m from the waves of Bidart, I’m from the sands of Venice, From the beach with its beautiful French waves and its soft American sands Where waves of laughter between true friends Resonate through the silent crashing of the ocean As the sun slowly waves us goodbye in an explosion of colors. I’m from soccer and tennis in Paris I’m from volleyball and surf in Venice From the sports who made me From Tolerance From Persistence From Passion From Investment To Love for people. I’m from my grandparent’s house in Bidart Where life is about vacation From beginning to end. I’m from my grandfather’s grin when he wants help for gardening I’m from my grandmother’s smile when I tell her she’s beautiful From the days spent in the pool where my only worry was keeping my book away from my soaking wet cousins jumping around in the now dangerous waters.

Receiving only some of the truth

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I’m from the long discussions Purified by the taste of alcohol or exhaustion After each generation came back From their respective dinners and parties. When each would go to sleep with a smile on their face Because they knew tomorrow would be the same. I’m from my parent’s house in Los Angeles Where I have the luck of being on vacation From beginning to end. I’m from the runs on the beach with my dad I’m from the amazing conversations with my mom From my brothers who remind me of the true value of sports From the second stanza. I’m from the long meals where nothing matters most than the five people around our table. Where we talk about our future, our worries, our doubts, and our successes.

nature. The sport that I could share with everyone I cherished the most. I’m from my American and French friends. From the ones who represent my chosen family From the ones with whom I share these passions. From the ones who are both so far From the ones so close From the ones who I will forever hold in my heart From the ones who make me smile Who make me think Who make me change Who make me question Where am I really from?

Where i’m from by Michael Brink I’m from the broad expanses of fertile desert that stretch across the oft forgotten heartland I’m from soccer, From the land where the biting wind of winter nights From the sport of my childhood, lull across the great plains From the sport of my dreams. Where hulking combines reap the sweet natural oil of From the field where I would lie down thinking about life the land like the machinations of the Once-Ler alongside my ball I’m from a long line of artists and teachers I’m from the art school in Hastings and the From my soccer ball which I would bring anywhere From the smell of the grass and the taste of the ball as I department of physics at Emporia State get hit right in the face. I’m from football, the sport which I’m from walls and walls of books, covering every surface of my grandfather’s study made me feel French even though I now see It has no I’m from a world in which a urinal can be worth two true nationality. million dollars, and a degree in teaching thirty I’m from volleyball, thousand. From the sport of my assimilation From the sport that changed me I’m from the soft yet durable calfskin heads of the tom From the gymnasium with its smell of sweat trapped into toms, the metal flanges of the snare and the brilliant this isolated place Where magic would happen between yet harsh timbre of the crash cymbal trusted teammates I’m from the achingly monotonous drone of Where cries of joy and frustration are heard superficiality From the moment the whistle blows the final point. I’m from the world where gas costs five bucks a I’m from volleyball, the sport that made me feel gallon American even I now see because we had to kill bin Laden It has no true nationality. I’m from a country that values bird shit over the rights of its citizens I’m from surfing, From the sport who ties it all together From the sport who never had a true nationality. From the waves rising as the sun brightens our day To be able to admire these manifestations of nature. These gifts that were given to us From the beginning of time anywhere around the world. I’m from surfing, the sport that made me feel part of

From a nation that taxes the pink, but protects the blue I’m from islands of ecological disparity, where paradisiacal golf courses are surrounded by eroding deserts

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From oceans filled with oil and oil filled with conflict Conflict that drives the knife of economic sanctions into the hearts of innocent shawl-laden black-market arms dealers I’m from the animal shelter on the corner of Pico and Sepulveda I’m from a world where breaking a mirror sentences you to seven years And raping a girl behind a dumpster only gives you three months. I’m from a city that lets you run on the sideWALK I’m from a city that made a pedophile famous Weinstein, Cosby, Kelly and Chaplin Peewee Herman Oh wait, he just was investigated I’m from a future that craves to stay in the past. You’re Dying. Do You Know What’s Going On? by Satya Amin You are not the kind of person to be at a place like this. But you are here, and you cannot escape. The worst part is you cannot say the surroundings are completely unfamiliar. You are in the ED recovery wing of a hospital; St John’s or Cedar Sinai? You could not tell. You’d been here before though, for two weeks over the summer. It was a mistake that time too. Overanxious parents, a misunderstanding… You look around you and everyone looks so sick and meek. That’s how you know it is a mistake. Because you don’t look like them. Some of them look like they might break with every passing step. That is not you. That’s how you know it was a mistake. You were talking to a girl who used to be a ballerina. Although she hadn’t performed in a year you can still see the grace in every movement she makes, every hand motion, every slow bat of an eyelash. As she speaks you cannot help but become mesmerized with the beauty of her face. You observe her high cheekbones protruding from her face like two majestic pillars, the swallows in her face giving her the beauty of a Victorian era doll. Even the bags under her eyes carried a certain beauty. You cannot help but wish that you looked a little bit more like her. You wish you could have the majestic quality that her face carried. You cannot seem to draw your eyes away, but you force yourself. Still, you cannot help but think there is something beautiful about this scene, something angelic- the white

dresses reaching your calves, the way it sways as you gesture, as you speak, the pale complexion of the girl sitting in front of you, the white walls and the feeling of your smooth socks against the floor. You wouldn’t be surprised if you both picked up and took flight at any second, leaving behind the meager surroundings in search of high clouds. Yet you feel weighed down. It is your inescapable body weighing you down. You know that if only you were as light and angelic as the girl in front of you, you could both be taking flight and ascending high above the confines of the white walls around you. But you are stuck. Your heavy body weighing you down. Your head is filled with thoughts of flight intermingled with that of high caloric drinks and sugary snacks. You consider going into the bathroom to force the contents of your lunch from your body. Your thoughts need to be fed and that is the only way. That is not an option in this place though. They guard the bathroom as if the bottom of the toilet hid the Golden Fleece. Every movement you make within the room tracked like you are a target waiting to be shot. You are leaning against the bathroom sink. The room was as heavily patrolled as you anticipated yet still you found yourself back there. You knew you wouldn’t’t be able to alleviate yourself from the pain of the food which felt like a rock filling your stomach to the point of bursting. You would have to contain it. Keep your mouth sealed. Prove you didn’t’t belong there. You stare at yourself in the mirror. For a second you don’t recognize yourself, think you see a birdlike figure looking back at you. For a moment you are happy. But quickly your face and body come into focus and you see that there is nothing angelic about you. Your cheeks are as puffy as ever, nothing refined or slim about your arms. There is a gargantuan figure staring back at you. In that moment you realize there is nothing you want to do less than go back to talk to the ballerina girl. Her elegant dainty features make you jealous, so jealous you want to scream. You cannot handle the embarrassment of your ugly body coming face to face with hers. You wish for nothing more in the world than to carry some of her beauty and grace. As you look at the massive body staring at you in the mirror you know for sure that you are not the kind of person who belongs here. If only you could make other people understand.

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P oetry Peaceful Day by Nightingale Look, oh how the sky is azure, And see how the hummingbirds glide, There, are the waters still but flow And the lights play on the tide.

We know everything. And we love The bling bling. We always last minute. We don’t Need limits. We hate class Because it’s a pain in the

The bees and flies too, all the same Are as peaceful as the scene Yet not so much for the latter, Lo, they animate the green. If waken early as the dawn, Daybreak would be seeping through And with the daylight on the earth, The squirrels turned their holes anew. From barren soils, no petrichor Ever wafted to our scents, Nevertheless, the dewdrops fell To moisten now the earth’s crescents. Air as lightsome frees the heart, yes, On which thick dark clouds closely knit. Still, day and night are equal - and Is in the darkest brightest lit. From the impressions of November 24th, 2020. WE REAL COOL real bling” By Milan Raimondo

Unless its Mrs. Carver. “We Don’t Go in the Pool” (We Real Surfers) by Rodolphe Le Feuvre, Alex Auge Opman and Michael Brink We real cool We don’t go in the pool We show up late Extremely baked In our van, We always cram We lay down and rest Never taking tests Shredding the gnar, We Send it hard. We can’t be dropped on Vibes are gone We keep our pride Unless kooks snake our ride


We real cool. We act Like a fool. We never

We chilling in the ocean, Learning about Newton’s second law of motion. We go surf Don’t try entering our turf

Disappoint. But we too Scared to present a PowerPoint. We don’t listen. We always glisten.

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“We Young Fools” by Asher Cohen

Ryan Lemos by Lorraine Lannes

The High Schoolers. Two Hundred at the Lycée.

Reappearing in my mind You are always in my head Amazing how only you Nudge my heart everyday.

We Young Fools. We Break Rules. We Hothead. We Left on Read. We Wasted. We Inebriated. We

Lost in my thoughts and actions Everything is about you My heart feels like it’s bursting Only you have this control Someone who makes me feel safe.

Stay Up Late. We Deteriorate.

“We Hate Physics” By Léana Boruk, Angélique Bosc and Lillie Laing We only sleep in minutes. We Hate physics. We Don’t get the specifics. We Hide our grade like it’s nobody’s business. We Don’t have the talent. We Are the equations that we can’t balance. We ‘re being pushed to our limit. We Can’t take it. We Can’t breathe but we have to stay. We ‘re awake before the start of the day. We Know our health is the price to pay. We Study our youth away.

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GR E E N PAGE How to Help the Environment During Quarantine by Veronica Sabadash According to NASA, “The planet’s average surface temperature has risen about 2.05 degrees Fahrenheit (1.14 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century.” This change is due to the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere originating from man-made emissions. Living in California, we have personally witnessed the effects of an increase in temperatures as wildfires continue to heighten (by more than 400% between 1972 - 2018!). The impacts of climate change and the benefits of sustainability have been incorporated into our educational curriculums, but how can we truly implement a lasting change? We can feel so helpless, especially when it comes to an issue so global. Climate change can only be minimized through reducing emissions, and by taking the necessary actions in our daily lives (and hopefully now they will through the Biden Plan) throughout the entire world. Thus, if everyone did their part, we could cut down on waste. Although quarantine has been a dreadful experience, it’s not an excuse to not fight for the things we all should care about, affecting both our lives now and as future adults. So here are a few ways you can contribute to helping the environment from home: 1) Greenhouse gas emissions arising from the livestock industry represents 14.5% of all global emissions produced by human activity according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Methane, mainly produced by enteric fermentation and manure storage, is a gas which is 28 times more polluting than carbon dioxide. The most harmful greenhouse gases from animal agriculture are methane and nitrous oxide therefore making the individual human’s carbon footprint - as a whole - much higher than anticipated, simply due to animal consumption. By reducing your meat intake by half its weight, you could cut your individual carbon footprint by more than 40%. This does not mean you have to become vegan or

vegetarian but rather an attempt to make a conscious effort for the environment. 2) As humans, we consume around 5 grams of plastic each week and around 250 grams per year (more than half a pound of plastic every year!) By 2050, the amounts of plastic present in the ocean will have nearly tripled. To avoid this, try limiting your usage of items such as straws, ziplock bags (SAVE THE TURTLES!) and invest in a metal straw and washable tupperware. When grocery shopping, bring a cloth bag and (if you really want to go the extra mile) purchase reusable grocery bags. Another thing to look out for in the supermarket are packaged items because there are usually alternatives that permit you to reduce plastic usage! Another alternative to buying products in plastic is to buy in bulk. However, if you do end up using the plastic, remember to always recycle it! 3) A study in Switzerland found that by planting half a trillion trees, we could capture about 205 gigatons of carbon, reducing atmospheric carbon by 25%. Trees help the environment; it is that simple! Plant trees! While at home, take the opportunity to garden around your neighborhood or your backyard. Plus, gardening is a stress reliving activity! Green is the New Black From oil exploitation to tree planting by Lillie Laing There is no doubt that Norway takes environmental issues seriously. Not only does Norwegian nature play an important part in the dayto-day life in Norway but Norwegians have proven to be very keen to preserve all aspects of the country’s unspoilt wilderness. But when it comes to fighting climate change, Norway is not pulling any miracles!! From mandatory environmental school curriculums to recycling initiatives and the crossindustry struggle to keep nature as free from pollution as possible: all aspects of the Norwegian lifestyle aim to be green. Although looking after the

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environment is an important part of Norway’s sustainability plan, it is in fact the creation of thriving local communities and both sustainable and ethical business practices that are helping this change stay alive. Before Norway discovered oil and gas in the North Sea in the late sixties, it was a fairly poor country on a European scale. The employment rate was low, inflation fluctuated, and debt ravaged the country. It only became one of the richest countries in Europe when Norway struck oil in the North Sea. Yet, the nation used its new profound fortune to build one of the most extensive social welfare systems in the world, to guarantee their sustainable future! Following these environmentalist awakenings throughout the 1960s, Norway started to embrace sustainable practices all across the country. Thrift culture is now very big in Norway. And as most things do, this culture starts with school: books are reused from child to child. Second-hand stores gather donations for various charities while giving their communities the opportunity to buy anything from furniture to clothes to books at very low prices. On top of it, Norway has one of the most efficient recycling plans in the world and it starts right from home. Norwegians use separate cans for plastic, compost and general waste, each with a colorcoordinated bag. When you’re out in the street you will most likely encounter the same sorting system. Yet, one of the most important aspects of recycling in Norway is its distinguished ‘pant’ system. This system works essentially like a reward system where when you buy a bottle of juice or a can of soda you pay a few NOK extra that you will get back when you recycle. Once you recycle the items you’ve purchased, you are given a receipt that you can use towards charity or to pay the goods at the supermarket. Norwegian supermarkets try their best to be plastic-free. Plastic bags come with an extra charge and are strictly being made with recycled plastic. Yet, Norway’s go green plan extends beyond just physical change. It is Norway’s sustainable mentality that has revolutionized the country. An app called “Too Good to Go” is a perfect example of that: working with restaurants to help Norway combat waste letting people buy leftover portions

at low prices as a preference rather than letting these leftovers end up in compost. Moreover, Norway takes an all-electric approach (or as much as they possible can) with transportation. Norway’s preference for electric cars and their equally ambitious plan for electric airplanes aims to have reduced 95% of its CO2 emissions making it one of the cleanest air cities in the world. The possibility of a clean future for Norway appears to be largely dependent on the country’s policies for its oil and gas industries. Today, Norway is in the middle of a major transition: making it an exciting country to live in. Even if there is still a long way to go to achieve the necessary safeguard for a sustainable planet, Norway is proving to the rest of our world that the combination of new technology and brain power makes good things happen at a mind-blowing speed.

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Horos c opes By Lillie Laing

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Holiday G ames B y L illie L aing

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Doodle Space!

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Is land G abler (c over art) Alex Auge Opman Angelique Bosc Amanda Penichet Asher Cohen Brady Keith Barrett Ahn Chloe Dumortier Christian Munoz-Walmsley Eloise Ngo Jane Weitz Jolie Feld Lea Hervas Leana Borsuk Lila Vandenberghe Lorraine Lannes Lou Lou Safran Michael Brink Milan Raimondo Nightingale Pablo Garms Rodolphe Le Feuvre Satya Amin Tanya Abergel Tifaine Tordjmann Veronica Sabadash

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Profile for Le LyceeLA

The ROAR - Dec 2020  

December edition of the LyceeLA high school newspaper.

The ROAR - Dec 2020  

December edition of the LyceeLA high school newspaper.

Profile for lyceela