The ROAR - Holiday Issue

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Holiday Issue

THE ROAR Le Lycée Français de Los Angeles

Editor-in-Chief: Barrett Ahn

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Lion Life CLUB NEWS First Model UN Conference! By Brady Keith

Everyone, though, had a great time travelling to the conference, learning about their topics, and making new friends! If you are interested in coming to our next conference, please do not hesitate to reach out! Find Brady or Chloe in the halls or email keithb@lyceestudents.org. - Brady Keith, President of Model U.N. On December 4th, the Lycée Model United Nations Club went to their first conference of the year at Mira Costa High School in Manhattan Beach. This was Lycée’s first time going to this Model U.N. conference, and it was a success! The Lycée delegates represented the country Eritrea in over 10 different committees, discussing topics such as access to education in Sub-Saharan Africa, the militarization of space, and hurricanes in the Caribbean.

STUDENTS’ VOICES A Very Positive Lycée Uniform Review By Dante Ray White Shirts – 8/10 These are a staple of the Lycée uniform. A little bit uncomfortable sometimes, but very professional. Just don’t forget to tuck them in! One student, Dante Ray, even got a commendation award for his topic of child soldiers in Africa.

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Tie – 10/10 The tie adds such a classy effect to the uniform. The color is beautiful, they’re very easy to put on, and there’s something almost poetic about only requiring boys to wear them.

Blazer – 11/10 Arguably the best piece of the uniform. There’s nothing more uniquely Lycée than the blazer. The pride of representing our school while wearing it is unparalleled. The three days a year I take it out of my closet, I am reminded of how great our school is.

Gray Pants – 7/10 Can now be worn by both boys and girls! They’re still uncomfortable, and the pleats look a little weird sometimes.

The Patch – 10/10 A Lycée student’s best friend. Slap this on (almost) any navy colored jacket and bam its part of the uniform now. Very practical.

Jacket with Stripes – 9/10 A nice jacket, but what are the stripes for? Do they stand for something? “liberté, égalité, fraternité” maybe?

Sports shorts – 5/10 The girl’s ones are very short (not very consistent with the whole skirt length thing…?). The boy’s ones are okay I guess.

Rain Jacket – 10/10 Great for the 2 days a year that it rains.

Shorts/Skirt – 6/10 Why are skirts still part of the uniform? Because where would the fun be in not always judging their lengths! The shorts are great for warmer weather, but why can only boys wear them?

Polo shirt – 6/10 A nice break from the traditional uniform, but not the most stylish.

Sweatpants – 20/10 By far the most comfortable piece in the uniform lineup. How are these even part of the uniform? Seriously, they’re so comfortable. Perfect for, I don’t know, maybe a year of doing school at home because of a global pandemic or something.

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LYCÉE SPORTS Girls’ Basketball in Snapshots By Chloé Dumortier

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Current Events The Supply Chain FAQ By Dante Ray Q: What even is the supply chain? A: Broadly, a supply chain is a network between companies that produce goods (Ex: Apple, Nike…), and their suppliers (Ex: companies that make computer components or fabric for shoes…) which leads to the production and distribution of goods to the consumer. There are many intermediary players in the supply chain, most notably those responsible for getting the product from the factory to the store or to your house. The supply chain is extremely complex, and very small changes can throw it off balance.

find companies that make them, and buy the materials from them. 3. The company will now need to assemble and test the product. Apple’s factories now put together the phones and computers and make sure they work properly. 4. The company now packages the products for shipment. Apple will package all the phones and computers into boxes, which go into shipping containers (those giant metal boxes you see on container ships). 5. Finally, the company transports and delivers the finished products to the distributor, retailer, or consumer. Now, the Apple computers and phones are loaded onto a cargo ship and shipped to the United States (or wherever they’re being sold). The containers are unloaded, and placed onto trucks, which bring them either to your house (if you ordered your computer online), the Apple store (if you decide to buy your computer at the store), or an Amazon warehouse (if you bought your computer through Amazon).

The Supply Chain

Q: How does the supply chain work? A: 1. A company (let’s keep the example of Apple) needs to plan its inventory and manufacturing process to make sure it has enough supply to match demand. Apple needs to accurately guess how many computers, phones, watches, etc. that it will need based on how many people they think will be buying them. The company needs to coordinate with its factories to make sure they will be making enough products on time. 2. The company then needs to source or manufacture its materials. Apple computers and phones are made from many materials (electronic components, glass, metal, plastic…). Apple will need to either make these materials themselves or

Shipping Containers Q: Why has the supply chain been in the news lately? A: The supply chain has been all over the news for the past couple of months because it is facing some serious problems, most of which can be traced back to the Coronavirus pandemic. In early 2020, factories in China started shutting down due to the spread of COVID-19. A few months later, the majority of the manufacturing sector in most of the world ground to a halt because of lockdowns. Later on, companies were hesitant to restart manufacturing because they predicted very low sales due to the poor economic conditions

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facing many consumers. However, there was a large boost in consumer spending during the pandemic despite the expectations of most experts. This was fueled by a large increase in online shopping: people creating home offices and gyms, people deciding to renovate their houses since they were spending so much time in them, and people not spending money on vacations or other services. Starting up a factory after it's been shut down takes a lot of time, so retailers and suppliers have been having trouble keeping up with soaring demand. Another issue facing the supply chain is a shortage of shipping containers. Traditionally, China sends the majority of its manufactured goods to North America and Europe. Once Chinese goods arrive in these places and are unloaded, the shipping containers are reloaded with American and European goods to ship back to China. However, ships started making more trips to other parts of the world, like Africa, to bring medical supplies that were needed to fight the pandemic like masks, gloves, and gowns. The issue is, countries in these regions don’t have that many goods to ship back to China. So, shipping containers used to transport medical supplies to these regions were just left there, and therefore cannot be used in the supply chain, leading to a global shortage. This is one of the factors that has led to skyrocketing shipping costs. The most visible issue with the supply chain concerns break-of-bulk points. Shipping ports around the country are clogged with containers, with long lines of ships waiting to unload their own containers. Ports are facing these massive backlogs which are driven by a shortage of workers, truck drivers, and companies refusing to pick up their containers from the ports because they simply have nowhere to put them. This is a byproduct of the costcutting strategy known as “just in time delivery.” Companies are cutting out the need for warehouses by having all of their products delivered just as they need them. However, this only works when the supply chain is fully functioning.

Ships outside the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach

Q: How does all of this affect me? A: 1. Rising prices. Not enough supply facing ever-increasing demand leads to higher prices. This is known as inflation. You may have already noticed prices of goods rising around you. While inflation is not due solely to supply chain issues, they do contribute to it. 2. Long wait times for goods. Another issue you may have noticed is online orders taking longer to arrive or stores not having all the items you want to buy. This is most likely because companies are having trouble getting these items from their sources to you in today’s broken supply chain. 3. Bad air quality. This issue is unique to southern California, but it is still important. While higher levels of air pollution are normal around this time of year, some experts believe the nearly 100 ships idling off the coast of southern California are making it worse and contributing to the haze that we’ve been seeing lately.

Q: What is being done to fix these issues? A: In October, President Joe Biden announced that a deal had been struck with the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach to keep them open 24 hours a day. Recently, there have been reports of global supply chain issues easing. However, the new Omicron variant may throw this into question.

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Our Voice DIVERSITY PAGE Michelle Wu: Building a Boston for Everyone By Barrett Ahn

On November 3rd, Michelle Wu became the first woman and person of color elected mayor of Boston. Her win marks a great change, putting an end to the 200-year history of only electing white men. The daughter of Taiwanese immigrants, Wu never considered a job in politics. It was only after supporting her family (becoming the caregiver of her younger sisters and helping her mother who was struggling with mental illness) that she realized how much government structures are intertwined with their lives, and how powerless and disconnected she felt from it. At law school, she was able to learn from then-professor Elizabeth Warren and progressively involved herself in campaigns, delving into the world of politics. She saw how instead of alienating people, government systems could actually solve key issues and empower others. She first made history in 2016, when she was chosen to serve as president of the City Council, making her the first Asian American to do so. She tackled the lack of female and diverse representation while on the Council, aiming to increase the number of women and people of color as the next leaders.

She also fought for paid parental leave and advocated the need for action against climate change. During her campaign for mayor of the city, Wu championed causes centered around Boston’s racial wealth gap, education equity, rent stabilization, a free public transit system, and a “Green New Deal” policy—one that focuses on the environment, including investments in renewable energy. She isn’t afraid of tackling big corporations like Airbnb to regulate their shortterm rental policies and large enterprises rooted in corruption. Since her inauguration, Wu has partnered with transit agencies to raise staffing as the MBTA (Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority) faces a shortage of bus and train operators, and has turned City Hall into a major vaccination clinic as Omicron cases are rising. Her administration is also setting the foundation for a new project: to turn a 200-room vacant hotel into a center that can treat those who have taken drugs, helping them recover under medical supervision. Michelle Wu’s win is huge for the Asian American community, but it also marks a great shift for the country as a whole. Her changes that focus on equality, justice, and public health and safety are reverberating throughout the country. “We are ready to meet this moment. We are ready to become a Boston for everyone. We’re ready to be a Boston that doesn’t push people out, but welcomes all who call our city home,” said Wu on election night. “We have a lot of work to do, so let’s dig in.”

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Popular Culture MUSIC Grammy Nominations By Brady Keith On November 23rd, the Recording Academy announced the 64th Annual Grammy Award Nominations for 2022. The Grammys is an award show that celebrates musical talent. This year, it features Trevor Noah as the host and will take place on January 31st, 2022, at the Crypto.com Arena (yes, that’s what we have to call it now). The major categories (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Best New Artist) all contained an unprecedented 10 nominees per categories.

Record of the Year: - "I Still Have Faith in You" – ABBA - "Freedom" – Jon Batiste - "I Get a Kick Out of You" – Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga - "Peaches" – Justin Bieber, featuring Daniel Caesar and Giveon - "Right on Time" – Brandi Carlile - "Kiss Me More" – Doja Cat, featuring SZA - "Happier Than Ever" – Billie Eilish - "Montero (Call Me By Your Name)" – Lil Nas X - "Drivers License" – Olivia Rodrigo - "Leave the Door Open" – Silk Sonic Album of the Year: - We Are – Jon Batiste - Love for Sale – Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga - Justice (Triple Chucks Deluxe) – Justin Bieber - Planet Her (Deluxe) – Doja Cat

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Happier Than Ever – Billie Eilish Back of My Mind – H.E.R. Montero – Lil Nas X Sour – Olivia Rodrigo Evermore – Taylor Swift Donda – Kanye West

Best New Artist: - Arooj Aftab - Jimmie Allen - Baby Keem - Finneas - Glass Animals - Japanese Breakfast - The Kid Laroi - Arlo Parks - Olivia Rodrigo - Saweetie All in all, Jon Batiste got the most Grammy Nominations (11), and Doja Cat, H.E.R, and Justin Bieber all got eight each. Many are criticizing the Grammys for giving so many nominations to Jon Batiste (who many only know from his appearance on the Late Show with Stephen Colbert, if at all) as well as Justin Bieber, who is not known for being extremely musically talented. Taylor Swift, who won Album of the Year in last year’s Grammys for her album folklore, only received one nomination for folklore’s sister album, evermore. BTS, one of the largest K-Pop bands in the world, only received a nomination for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance. Many view BTS as being snubbed due to being an international group. Miley Cyrus did not receive any nominations for her rock album Plastic Hearts, which many were disappointed by. And finally, Drake’s Certified Lover Boy did not receive a nomination for Album of the Year, which, in my opinion, is fair. ABBA received their first Grammy nomination ever, for their comeback single “I Still Have Faith in You.” Also, Mickey Guyton became the first black artist to be nominated for Best Country Album. Finally, Kanye West’s Donda landed the long-time artist his first Album of the Year Nomination, which is well-deserved for its chart-topping release.

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Mariah Carey, Michael Bublé, and the Entrenchment of Christmas Music By Balint Botyanszki We’re all painfully aware of the new bell the school’s chosen for the 2021 holiday season preceding the long-awaited winter break: the first few seconds of “All I Want for Christmas is You.” Regardless of the bottomless helping of hatred of many for this tune, you must admit it’s a classic. And unfortunately, you probably will not be getting out of listening to it every single holiday season until the day you die. That said, as a person that actually loves Christmas music (believe it or not), it should be discussed how important and symbolic these idols of festivity have become in the modern world. Ever since the 2011 debut of Michael Bublé’s Christmas album, following Mariah Carey’s album released in 1994 (along with various other singles like “Jingle Bell Rock” in 1970), these songs have been annually drilled into the heads of every living person that has some contact to media and music. These albums had such a powerful impact on our perceptions of Christmas that they instigated a sort of reform of the entire meaning of festivity, modernizing the holiday season to be massively cheery and iconic. It takes attention away from the deeply religious roots of the Christian event, making the entire season’s mood something felt even in nations of vastly different origins, and in people of any religion. Excluding the various other giants of your Christmas playlist (“Last Christmas,” “Santa Tell Me,” “Rockin’ Around the Christmas Tree,” “Jingle Bell Rock,” and unspeakably many more) Mariah Carey’s “All I Want for Christmas Is You” is a 4 minute song that has been played more than 1 billion times on Spotify alone, meaning that song has been played for a baffling total of over 7600 YEARS on this single platform. (The fact that this song isn’t even nearly one of the most played songs on Spotify, let alone in the entire world, is madness, but that’s a topic for another time.)

Like it or not, Mariah Carey will not be leaving the 24/7 radio put in nearly every store that plays her music starting from the day after Halloween up to the 25th of December, and neither will Michael Bublé, or Wham!—and most certainly not José Feliciano or Ariana Grande. Like it or not, the modern Christmas music season is going to be a global phenomenon reaching every large hub of society for the far, far foreseeable future. And like it or not, you will never be able to get “All I Want for Christmas Is You” out of your head, no matter how hard you try…

Mitski’s ‘Laurel Hell’ with Newly Released Single ‘The Only Heartbreaker’ By Megan Hurley It is official; Mitski has returned with the announcement of her new album Laurel Hell, recorded with her longtime producer Patrick Hyland. In her talk about the making of her songs, she said that she “needed love songs about real relationships that are not power struggles to be won or lost.” She “needed songs that could help me forgive both others and myself. I make mistakes all the time. I don’t want to put on a front where I’m a role model, but I’m also not a bad person. I needed to create this space mostly for myself where I sat in that gray area.” The name “Laurel Hell” refers to the dense laurel thickets that grow in the Southern Appalachians. From far away, these bushes are decorated with beautiful and dainty flowers, giving off the air of a seemingly harmless botanical.

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In reality, though, they have contributed to the disappearances of many unfortunate hikers. There is no way of getting around these dense areas. When you find yourself caught in a “laurel hell,” your only option is to attempt to crawl through, succumbing yourself to the infernal and maddening process of escape. After hearing of this, Mitski decided to name her album as such because she liked the notion of being stuck inside this beautiful thicket of flowers and perhaps even dying within one. The announcement of this new album was paired with the release of her single titled The Only Heartbreaker. This song is from the perspective of the “Bad Guy” in the relationship. Someone who keeps messing up and who always gets the blame. Mitski wanted to portray something else, though. She wanted something more dismal under the surface since “maybe the reason you’re always the one making mistakes is because you’re the only one trying.” The music video created in accordance with this song is the exact reflection of the feeling you get whenever you know that you have inflicted pain on a loved one. Next year, Mitski will be embarking on her already sold out “Working for the Knife” tour in February of 2022 in support of this new album.

MOVIES Review on Licorice Pizza By Anna Rosciszewski Licorice Pizza is a romantic and comedic comingof-age film directed by Paul Thomas Anderson, and it's being shown on the big screen on the 25th of December, though you can see it early at the Regency Village Theater in Westwood! Licorice Pizza tells the story of Alana, played by Alana Haim, and Gary Valentine, played by Cooper Hoffman. At the beginning of the story, Alana is an unhappy picture day photographer with a lack of a career or love life. Gary Valentine is a high school student and upcoming actor. Despite his age, he is a very skilled and charismatic businessman who is frequently bringing his business pitches to life. Alana and Gary are quite the opposites, with Alana being quite dispirited and pessimistic, and Gary being very optimistic and charming by nature. Nonetheless they share a

lot of chemistry, leaving the spectator of the film unsure if they’ll ever end up together.

One of the biggest controversies in this film is the ten year age gap between Alana and Gary, much like the one we saw between Elio and Oliver in Luca Guadagnino's 2017, Call Me by Your Name. The most surprising part of the age gap in this film for the audience is the fact that the woman is older than the man, a relationship trope we don’t often see portrayed in the media. Though it might sound like a strange concept, the age gap isn’t really noticeable as Gary is much more mature and grown up than Alana. Gary’s mom even works for him, versus Alana, who still lives with her parents. Even though it makes it stand out from other coming-of-age films, I believe the age gap was a bit unnecessary. Overlooking the obvious wrongness of their relationship, it’s safe to say that their love story is quite an incredible one, and their friendship is very special. With all the ups and downs, jealousy and arguments, you’re never certain what’ll become of the two, but you sure are rooting for them throughout the film (again looking past the atrocious age gap). One of the things Paul Thomas Anderson did really well in this film is the cinematography: the way it was shot made it different from other films I’ve seen, with a lot of really interesting tracking shots. Licorice Pizza’s mood and lighting have many elements of warmth and luminosity. One of the things I noticed when I saw this movie was how the main protagonists get more attractive as the film goes on, which I’m not sure whether that’s because of their character development and how they grow on the audience, or an actual film trick that was used. Paul Thomas Anderson also cast the entire Haim family to just play themselves in this film, something I’d never even seen done before.

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Possibly the best part of this entire film is the style, vintage setting, music, and outfits. Being set in the ‘70s in the San Fernando Valley, this movie is like a time machine to (basically) Los Angeles in the ‘70s, so it’s super cool getting references and seeing places I frequent. The outfits and looks of the characters are very retro and so is the town, often making my mind wander to the show Stranger Things (especially because of Gary’s younger brother). The soundtrack includes incredible songs like: “Stumblin’ In” by Chris Norman and Suzi Quatro (my favorite), “Peace Frog” by The Doors, “Life On Mars?” by David Bowie, “Let Me Roll It” by Paul McCartney, and many other songs from that time period.

This tradition is one of the reasons Reykjavik is a UNESCO city of literature. Books are still a relatively affordable and thoughtful gift for someone if you want to participate in a new holiday tradition. So check out some cool local bookshops in Los Angeles. My personal recommendations are: •The Last Bookstore, located in Downtown Los Angeles, offers a variety of limited edition copies, just released copies, and a lot of secondhand books. But the coolest part is the top floor which boasts impressive shelves with thousands of different books. •The Children’s Book World is located on Pico, which is great for books for kids learning how to read to middle school readers. •Something different is also Arcana: Books on the Arts in Culver City, which has a variety of coffee table books to local zines, with topics ranging from art on the Renaissance to street photography.

You should definitely go see Licorice Pizza if you’ve been looking for a good rom-com or coming of age story. (Or if you’re just bored of rewatching Lady Bird all the time.) With great music, cinematography, humor (most of the time), setting, outfits, plot and characters you’d be foolish not to watch it, to be honest.

BOOK CORNER Reading for the Icelandic Book Flood

Holidays:

By Sofia Shah

For some book recommendations I would include Hamnet, written by Maggie O’Farrell, winner of the Women’s Prize for Fiction in 2020, which tells the story of Shakespeare’s family.

Everyone has their own holiday traditions, and Iceland has a pretty cool one. They have a holiday tradition called the book flood (Jólabókaflóðið in Icelandic). Basically, it is a tradition where people give each other books on Christmas Eve, and the entire family will read together. The history behind this is after World War II when Iceland, being an island, had very expensive costs for anything that was shipped over, due to war shortages. One of the few things that wasn’t rationed was paper, which led to it being a very popular gift. Now, the book flood is the term used for the publishing season in Iceland just before the holiday season.

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The twist is Shakespeare is never mentioned by name in the book, and that’s because he is not the main character in the novel. Shakespeare left his family in the English countryside to become the playwright that he is known as today. Maggie O’Farrell bases her story off of this fact and an article which suggests that Hamlet and Hamnet used to be interchangeable in Elizabethan England, Hamnet being Shakespeare’s only son. The story follows Shakespeare’s wife, Agnes, and his children as they deal with grief and loss, which are ultimately the key themes of the book. It’s great for someone who likes Shakespeare's plays. Circe, by Madeline Miller, is a twist on Greek mythology, offering a more in depth story about Circe, the witch in the Odyssey. This has been quite a popular book this year, and for good reason. This story is about triumph and loss. It also explores the role of femininity and power through her ability to perform magic, which is shunned by her family, the Greek gods. Finally, to honor the spirit of the book flood, I think I should talk about some Scandinavian fiction recommendations, with novels like Girl With A Dragon Tattoo by Stieg Larson and A Man Called Ove by Frederik Backman. So have a good holiday break and maybe partake in a new tradition!

PAGE SIX Celebrity Relationship Gossip By Jasmine Wells This section is not made for those who care about actually relevant topics. This is made for those who wish to fill their brains with useless celebrity dating knowledge. Recently, the hearts of young teenage girls around the globe shattered after hearing the news that Shawn Mendes and Camila Cabello broke up. Neither of them has commented on the direct reason of their breakup, but many fans believe that the answer can be found in Shawn’s new song “It’ll Be Okay.” After listening to this new song multiple times, I can assure you it was anything but okay. The lyrics and melody are repetitive, and remind me of pretty much every heartthrob breakup song I have ever heard. I mean, if my years of listening to Taylor Swift’s emotionally draining teen drama songs have taught me anything it’s that who needs talent when

you have good looks. But in all seriousness, I consider both Shawn and Taylor to be talented artists with lots of quality music. A close friend of Shawn has commented on the situation saying “Shawn started writing his new song when they began falling apart because that is how Shawn gets through tough times in his life – he writes about them, but at the same time doesn’t want her to be in any pain and he would like to remain in each other’s lives, but he wants some time apart before they can jump back into a friendship because they both need to learn to live without each other.” Camila also commented on the situation. “I felt so anxious, cripplingly anxious. I just felt really unstable, and I just felt a mess because suddenly, this thing that was distracting me, my work and filming, was not there,” the singer said. “And it was getting in the way of my relationship, was getting in the way of my friendships, my time at home.” The only refreshing thing about this celeb relationship ending is that there is no shade being thrown around. The two seem to still have nothing but love for one another. On other less depressing news, two former Disney stars have been reunited on a YouTube original (now Netflix) series: Cobra Kai. Cobra Kai is an American martial arts comedy-dramaaction TV show and a sequel to the original The Karate Kid films. Peyton List, former Jessie lead star, and Jacob Bertrand, main lead of the Disney XD show Kirby Buckets, have recently started seeing each other ever since being reunited on the set of Cobra Kai. The two have also started on the Disney original movie Swapped, which is just a modern-day adaptation of Freaky Friday without the “freaky.” The two are definitely a very cute couple that have managed to stay out of the spotlight whilst still being open and honest about their relationship. That’s all for today. Thank you to all the dedicated young readers who chose to waste their time by reading this article. I leave you with this: “The best way to solve all your problems is to become hot and famous!” (Lindsay Lohan) Don’t forget to like and subscribe to PewDiePie!

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Let’s Taco Bout Food RECIPES Gingerbread Cookie Recipe By Abigail Stewart Gingerbread cookies are one of the best parts of the holiday season. You can eat them plain or decorate them with icing and sprinkles. Here’s the recipe I use from SallysBakingAddiction.com:

Ingredients: - 10 tablespoons (145 grams) unsalted butter, softened - ¾ cup (150 grams) packed light or dark brown sugar - ⅔ cup (160 milliliters) unsulphured molasses - 1 large egg, room temperature - 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract - 3 and ½ cups (438 grams) all-purpose flour, spooned and leveled - 1 teaspoon baking soda - ½ teaspoon salt - 1 tablespoon ground ginger - 1 tablespoon ground cinnamon - ½ teaspoon ground allspice - ½ teaspoon ground cloves - cookie icing or royal icing (optional) - sprinkles, for decorating (optional) Instructions: 1) In a large bowl, using a hand-held mixer or stand mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, beat the butter for 1 minute on medium speed until completely smooth and creamy.

Add the brown sugar and molasses and beat on medium high speed until combined and creamylooking. Scrape down the sides and bottom of the bowl as needed. Next, beat in egg and vanilla on high speed for 2 full minutes. Scrape down the sides and bottom of the bowl as needed. The butter may separate; that’s okay. 2) In a separate bowl, whisk the flour, baking soda, salt, ginger, cinnamon, allspice, and cloves together until combined. On low speed, slowly mix into the wet ingredients until combined. The cookie dough will be quite thick and slightly sticky. Divide dough in half and place each onto a large piece of plastic wrap. Wrap each up tightly and pat down to create a disc shape. Chill discs for at least 3 hours and up to 3 days. Chilling is mandatory for this cookie dough. 3) Preheat the oven to 350°F (177°C). Line 2-3 large baking sheets with parchment paper or silicone baking mats and set aside. 4)Remove 1 disc of chilled cookie dough from the refrigerator. Generously flour a work surface, as well as your hands and the rolling pin (to prevent sticking). Roll out the disc until 1/4-inch thick. Tips for rolling: the dough may crack and be crumbly as you roll. What’s helpful is picking it up and rotating it as you go. Additionally, you can use your fingers to help meld the cracking edges back together. The first few rolls are always the hardest since the dough is so stiff, but re-rolling the scraps is much easier. Cut into shapes. Place shapes 1 inch apart on prepared baking sheets. Re-roll dough scraps until all the dough is shaped. Repeat with the remaining disc of dough. 5) Bake cookies for about 9-10 minutes. If your cookie cutters are smaller than 4 inches, bake for about 8 minutes. If your cookie cutters are larger than 4 inches, bake for about 11 minutes. If your oven has hot spots, rotate the pan once during bake time. You can cook it less for softer cookies, or more for crunchier cookies.

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6) Allow cookies to cool for 5 minutes on the cookie sheet. Transfer to the cooling rack to cool completely. Once completely cool, decorate the cookies or leave them as is. 7) Cookies stay fresh covered at room temperature for up to 1 week.

Hanukkah Jelly Donut Recipe By Jolie Feld

Instructions: 1) In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a dough hook (or large mixing bowl), combine water, yeast, sugar, flour, vegetable oil, eggs, vanilla extract, and salt blend with the mixer on low for 15 minutes (or knead by hand but the mixture will be very sticky). 2) Place the kneaded dough in a large, oiled bowl, cover with plastic wrap and a tea towel and leave in a warm place to rise until it has doubled in size, roughly 2 hours. 3) Once the dough has doubled in size, line a baking sheet with parchment, and dust the parchment and a work surface with flour.

Although Hanukkah is over, I thought it would be a fun way to continue the holiday spirit with a classic Hanukkah recipe: Jelly Donuts, or Sufganiyot! Sufganiyot are round donuts, sometimes called Hanukkah Jelly Donuts or Israeli Jelly Donuts, filled with jelly (or other fillings, now) that are eaten during Hanukkah. Oily foods commemorate the miracle of Hanukkah, and it’s common for other foods, like potato latkes, to be eaten around this holiday. These are a fun holiday treat, and they are great for family gatherings and events. This recipe is great, I can advocate. I brought these to a family dinner and they were a huge hit. So go make some jelly donuts—I promise they’re great! Ingredients: - ¾ cup (6floz/170ml) lukewarm water - 4 tablespoons granulated sugar - 2 ¼ teaspoons instant yeast - 3 ⅔ cup (18⅓oz/520g) all-purpose flour plus more for dusting - ¼ cup (2floz/57ml) neutral-flavored vegetable oil - 2 large eggs at room temperature - 4 teaspoons vanilla extract - 1 teaspoon salt - 1 cup (10oz/283g) strained strawberry jam - oil for frying - ½ cup (2oz/57g) powdered sugar (for dusting)

4) Turn the dough out on the floured surface, gently pat the dough to a 1/2-inch (13mm) thickness, and using a 2 ½ inch (6cm) round cutter dipped in flour, cut as many circles as you can and place on your prepared baking sheet. You can gather and re-roll any scraps. 5) Dust the cut circles of dough with a little more flour, cover with a dry tea towel or plastic wrap, and let rise again for about an hour. 6) When the doughnuts have risen, heat oil 2-3 inches (5-8cm) deep in a sturdy pot fitted with a candy thermometer if you have one. 7) Line a baking sheet with paper towels, set a wire rack on top of the paper towels, and place all this near the stove. 8) Heat the oil over a medium heat (or has reached 325°F/165°C). Fry 3-4 doughnuts at a time for 2-3 minutes, or until it is golden in color. Carefully flip and fry the other side for another minute or two, until golden. 9) Lift the doughnuts out of the oil and let drain on the prepared wire rack. Repeat with the remaining doughnuts. 10) Once the doughnuts are cool, poke a hole in the side or top of the doughnut with a straw or skewer. 11) Place the strained jam into a piping bag fitted with a small plain tip. Squeeze a small amount of jam into each doughnut and then dust the doughnuts with powdered sugar. Enjoy!

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Soup for the Soul SOCIAL AWARENESS CLUB A Short Story on the Topic of Mental Health By Ella Fern In September, I saw the messy handwriting in sharpie at the very bottom of a velvet wall decoration, just a few feet off the ground. It spelled out one word: OCD. Though I knew what it meant, I didn’t know why it was there. I imagined a kid, not even up to my shoulders, taking advantage of the time mommy was turned away to vandalize some property with the word mommy and the therapist kept throwing around. That kid probably didn’t even know what it meant. How could you understand something so big and so complex at such a young age? Because the brain is such a grand and fascinatingly complex organ that controls our every move, of course it would be difficult to understand. And not everything can be understood or predicted or even explained; sometimes you don’t even know what is the matter. It isn’t easy knowing if something is wrong. Sometimes you discover life has given you a pat on the back, only to find out that loving gesture was actually a shove into the fiery pits of hell, and it’s up to you to dodge the flames. Unless you are the thought police, you probably have no idea what your brain is up to. Not even I knew something was wrong until I noticed how my gaze met the floor more than it did my reflection. And the worst part is how no one talks about it. People never seem to take into account the problem until it’s too late. This in turn feeds into our minds, and we belittle our struggles because they are not enough for the world to deem dire. Apparently there isn’t a problem if you’re still getting straight A’s. I wish I could make some people understand. Sometimes I feel like a child pouting, saying “it’s not fair” because for starters, it really isn’t fair, and change has never seemed to happen to the point where I feel safe or understood.

That should be a given, right? People should at least feel safe around people that are supposed to help them. But life is unfair, or so my mom says. Some people make it obvious that they’ve never seen the truth behind the dark parts of the world, that they’ve never held the hands of victims or listened to the world beyond their safe home. You don’t realize how neglectful of the world you have been until you’ve met the glossy eyes of a drug user reaching out to you for help, or the tears in a parent’s eyes who couldn’t provide for their kids. Saying you know the world and how it works is like reciting everything you’ve ever thought. In short, you can’t. You can’t feel the pain of others the way they feel them themselves. Some people say they can, and in their minds, they can wear the cape of honor and hug neglected children. But real empathy is knowing the reality of the problem and the amount of suffering it causes people. You can’t find a solution if you don’t understand the problem in the first place. Most people need that explanation too, in order to be compassionate towards the underprivileged. Sometimes, the shock that drives you to take action isn’t obvious at first. An event may startle you, but that’s all you think about it—until you integrate yourself back into the world you know so well, and then it hits you that that wasn’t normal. Being used to your safe haven can make it seem like nothing on the outside is unknown, that things just happen and that’s the way you know the world works. But knowledge is knowing first-hand, and the best way to learn is to be. From experience, hospitals are very sad places. Staying in one is like seeing a glimpse of a million different lives and feeling like you don’t belong amongst any one of them. It’s a shock to reality, really, when you thought things in life were supposed to feel normal and sane and explainable. And the nonstop paramedic flow of hospitals tell just the opposite—that things happen to every one of us and no matter how comfortable you try to get, the sheets will always be questionably scratchy, and your monitor will keep beeping without reason, and the conversation just out of your eyesight about the

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man who just lost his wife to antidepressants will be amongst the only things you’ll remember of that entire evening. You get asked question after question, but you learn that not every question has a logical and well-thought-out answer. It's okay to be wrong about the parts of yourself you haven’t discovered yet. And when you get home there’s no reason to get back in touch with the world if all you feel like doing is going to sleep. Take a sick day or two. National suicide prevention lifeline: 1-800-2738255

Therefore, it is important to recognize that “the Most Wonderful Time of the Year” does not hold for everyone. Likewise, it is okay to be unhappy during this time. If you need help during this holiday season, remember to reach out to your support group or utilize the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) coping resources for stress, which you can find on their website. In the meantime, when school is over, take a break! Drink some tea, eat your favorite desserts, and remember that although it might be hard right now, it won’t always be that way.

“Happy” Holidays

OPINION

By Dolce Coury

Are humans the only species that experience empathy towards other animals? By Tifaine Tordjmann

When Christmas decorations deck the halls and holiday music fills every store, they remind each individual of the seemingly joyous season. Society and the media (i.e., Hallmark) broadcast to the nation that this is the month of happiness and eternal bliss, where all your worries fade away as your family’s love conquers all. However, it is important to recognize that this is a Christmas myth. In reality, not everyone is happy during this time of year as there are higher demands to buy gifts for relatives and friends, to attend social events, and confront familial issues. According to the Clinic of Neuroscience, there are two patterns prevalent during the holiday season: a high number of alcohol-related fatalities and worsening of moods (The Christmas effect on psychopathology, Sansone). Although generally, there is not an increase in psychopathology, there is an increase in dysphoric moods, which are a constant state of unhappiness or dissatisfaction. However, after Christmas, there tends to be a rebound effect where the diagnoses of mental illnesses do increase (Sansone).

Before looking into numerous scientific sources, I wanted to look at this question from a philosophical point of view. A broader question we can ask ourselves is: do animals have feelings? And what qualifies a species to feel emotion? From society's perception, for the most part, animals are objectified. We don’t really take into account that they too might have the ability to feel emotion, making their lives appear less worthy than ours because we suppose that life for them has less meaning. Through my research, I learned a contradictory term called anthropomorphism. This is when humans attribute human traits, tendencies, and emotions to animals. Humans usually do so, believing that animals should have the same train of thought or emotions as us. This got me thinking that we know almost nothing about animals. Our research is made through the comparison of human behavior, and we have clear hypotheses, but nothing is certain. If animals are able to sense the emotions of others, we’ve figured out that animals are not that much different from ourselves. We have to remind ourselves that we humans are not far descended from chimpanzees. Through human development, we have largely detached ourselves from the cycle of animal instinct found in almost every animal. By using our prefrontal cortex, we are able to understand and react to the feelings of others.

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Putting “animals” in one large category is too broad because intelligence typically varies on the brain size. What we know is that large mammals, like elephants or dogs, have been found to experience such emotions as sadness, fear, and excitement, but empathy is hard to determine since it is an emotion that is hard to display through physical behavior. Nevertheless, we do know that many mammals can sense the emotion of another animal, just like service dogs can be anxiety relievers, which demonstrates a form of empathy. I always want to find the right or wrong answer, but for this question, I don’t think I can. Many animals show resembling behavioral tendencies, and many animals express some form of emotion. But can it be empathy? What is an elephant’s motive when helping a species that’s not its own? I’ll let you ponder on that.

The Kurds: A Forgotten People By Gabriel Rousseau

Sky-high unemployment, rampant corruption, virtually non-existent social services. These are the marks of a forgotten people. A people that was promised independence, that was promised the right of self-determination, but was subsequently betrayed by its allies who only cared about their perceived best interests—not those of one of their most trusted partners. When the United States withdrew its troops from Syria, they not only left hundreds of millions of dollars in weapons and other specialized equipment, they also abandoned their most trusted ally in the region: the Kurds. The Kurds repeatedly assisted the US in its fight against ISIS strongholds across the Middle East. Without them, the partial stabilization of the region would have never happened. After the United States’ withdrawal, the Kurds were forced to not only fend for themselves

in the fight against the Islamic State, but also against Turkish Forces who have been silently leading an ethnic cleansing campaign against them for years. More than 170,000 Kurds have been displaced from their homes and hundreds have been killed since the departure. Today, thousands of Kurds are fleeing their homes, attempting to cross European Union borders, in the search for a glimpse of safety and hope. Some say they would rather die than continue living miserably in Syria and Iraq. Others have already been deported from various EU countries dozens of times but say they will keep trying because there is no other option. Desperate, a group of 29 decided to follow through with the dangerous passage through the English Channel between France and the United Kingdom. On November 25th, this boat capsized and subsequently sunk, drowning 27 in the process, including 3 children and a pregnant woman. These victims almost entirely started their journey from Syria and Iraq, all sharing their Kurdish origins. Their sacrifice and the colossal risks they took on are a symbol of the suffering in Iraqi and Syrian Kurds. Their desperation shines brightly in the eyes of the West. However, they choose to ignore their senses and remain blind, rendering the Kurds a truly forgotten people.

A Guide on How to Become a Christmas Elf (Fast and Effective) By Anna Rosciszewski Don’t you just love giving gifts during the holidays? The feeling arguably beats receiving them, at least for me. It’s a beautiful thing to bring joy to someone else with something you have thought about for them. The art of gift giving doesn’t have boundaries on whether the gift is personal or just goodwill. The smallest act of charity for one could mean the world for another, especially during the holidays. That’s why toy drives and food drives are so crucial to the holiday spirit. They’re opportunities to give the less fortunate the joy that we all get to experience. Here are some toy drives I’ve found that you can donate to if you are in the mood to give back this year:

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Harbor Community Health Centers Holiday Toy Drive This one’s a little far away from our school, about an hour away in San Pedro. The organizers are asking for new or hardly used toys for Christmas, and their event is held on December 17th! Harbor Community Health Centers Holiday Toy Drive helps people in need all year around and provides services to people regardless of their ability to pay.

Holiday Joy Toy Drive with REACH LA, BatMe Cosmetics and The Remidi Network Closer to our school and still in the reaches of Los Angeles, this toy drive is a little more realistic commute-wise. It’s really cool because they have live holiday music performances and are particularly benefitting LGBTQ+ youth—their goal being to provide 45 queer and transgender teens with gift cards this Christmas and Hanukkah! Also, there’s going to be a special appearance by the cast of a reality series about queer and transgender entrepreneurs in Los Angeles called Boss’d Up. M4KOC First Annual Moustaches for Kids Christmas Toy Drive This ones also unfortunately pretty far from Culver City. It’s by Gardena and takes place on December 18th. They are collecting gifts for the children at the Youth Centers of Orange. It’s pretty simple! Heart of Christmas Food, Toy and Book Donation Drive This toy drive is also in Gardena and takes place on December 18th at the Aaron Community Cultural Center. The event is 15 hours long and will include the toy drive, music by the Unicorn Music Academy, and activities for the kids. All donations will go to the Los Angeles Food Bank!

All of these toy drives are held after December 11th, so that still gives you time to go out and buy gifts for the children that these organizations are helping to have memorable holidays. If none of these drives interest or suit you, you could always just directly donate to homeless shelters or churches. Giving gifts to families of kids who can’t afford their own presents is such a great thing to do. It might even give you good karma (if you believe in that stuff), so go out and donate as much as you can this year. And that’s how you become a totally legit Christmas elf. Have a happy holiday!

An Unexpected Lesson From a Coyote By Jolie Feld I once received an unexpected lesson from a coyote. It was a cool summer night when I first saw him. I live in a neighborhood among the mountains, where coyotes, deer, and bobcats run free among the many hiking trails and streets of the area. Usually, the scrawny and raggedy coyotes howled all night, making it hard to sleep for the human inhabitants of Pacific Palisades. But this coyote was different. I was marching home from the community center, where an important homeowners association meeting, that I had spied on, had taken place. It was late at night, and the streets were dimly lit. As I trudged up my street, I spotted him, hiding among the hedges. His brown and gray fur looked silky and smooth. He gently approached me, his yellow eyes staring into mine. He was the king of coyotes. He was not scrawny like the other coyotes; he was muscular and large in size. His pointed ears reminded me of antennas, stuck upright, to sense all of the noises around him. His eyes were warm and comforting, like a cozy embrace from a loved one.

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Initially, I feared this coyote. But oddly enough, I decided to approach him. Something about the way he looked at me comforted me. He was not one of those mangy coyotes. He was kind and beautiful. As I continued my journey home, the coyote followed me. I took a step forward, and so did he, accompanying me through the darkness. He no longer seemed so scary. As I walked, I got closer to him, and soon I could hear the hushed noises of his breathing from his snout. Prior to this moment, I had felt alone in my walk home. I had often felt alone throughout my life. But the coyote made me feel like I had made a friend, a protector. He followed each step I took, and looked into my eyes as if to comfort me from the cold nighttime winds. It truly felt as though we were in this together. He was here to support me through my struggles, and I was here to help him along the way. It felt like we were true friends who cared for each other. I wanted to reach out and pet his head, as if he were a puppy. I knew he was a potentially dangerous, wild animal, but he seemed so innocent and serene in that moment. He did not seem like an enemy, he was a friend. Finding friends is often hard in life, but finding one true friend, who supports you and appreciates you through everything, is a very valuable thing. The coyote and I arrived back home that evening, and as I unlocked the front door, preparing to leave my new friend, we shared a knowing look. We both knew that true friendship meant standing by and protecting your friend, no matter what.

Respecting each other’s laziness In the shadow of our philosophy dissertation In our ever-increasing breaktime. All the keys on my keyboard can relax. They won’t be needed tonight...or tomorrow for that matter. For once they can forget about my big sweaty hands— The pain of being repeatedly pressed— And rest quietly in the corner of my room. In the afternoon, At lunch, reading the summaries, And in the evening, after my sad attempt of finishing the work, Maybe I spend too much time wishing I had more time, The math, the English, the geopolitics, And even my sports document All sit on my desk, untouched: virgin paper. Good students have nothing to fear from me. We will sit quietly and lament, With just one more episode queued up And listen to the screams of our parents Reading our report cards.

POETRY Once Again Procrastinate

I

Fail

to

Not

By Jack Phelan, Julian Freese-Binder, and Julien Jean Once again I fail to not procrastinate. Instead, we sit together on the couch, My phone and I We are playing games together, In those last few hours before the deadline,

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Green Page Preventing Corrosion in Underwater Ecosystems By Janna Freedman

In a new study by the University of Bath, researchers found out how carbon dioxide reacts with sodium chloride in deep-sea aquifers. Aquifers are deep geological structures that are several kilometers below Earth. The hope is that carbon dioxide will react at those pressures and temperatures with sodium chloride by forming a rock underneath the aquifers. This will trap carbon dioxide from the atmosphere underground where it will be harmless, helping climate change and global warming. However, the solution of those two chemicals is highly corrosive. As a result, little research and experiments are done on it.

For the study, published in the Journal of Chemical Physics, the researchers observed saline solutions under conditions of pressure and temperatures that mimic the conditions found in deep aquifers. Their “neutron diffraction” technique allowed them to examine saline solutions in more extreme conditions than ever before. Using this technique, they studied different isotopes (or versions) of sodium chloride, allowing new insight into the way salty water behaves under different sets of pressure and temperature conditions. More work needs to be done to stop these chemicals from causing damage to equipment, as the plan is to use pipes to transport the CO2 below the aquifers. The research will advance deep-sea discoveries. Ideally, the prevention of underwater corrosion will help marine life.

Aquifer Illustration

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Horoscopes ASTROLOGY REPORT: WINTER EDITION By Hana Navab Aries: Beware of angry snowmen this season. You might clash because of your fiery personality and unwittingly cause a major meltdown. Taurus: If you find yourself in a period of doubt, just stop doubting. The true path will reveal itself shortly, but only if you follow the reindeer. They ride at sunset. Gemini: A difficult decision awaits you, and if you need help deciding, dunk your head in some eggnog. That should make you ready to face the challenges you need to with a clear head. Cancer: You may have an uncomfortable task coming up. You should be honest about your feelings and try not to push everything down. That’s how you get blackheads, and those nose strips do not work. Leo: Lean into your excitement this winter season. Whether you’re traveling with family or staying at home, your happiness is sure to be fulfilled if you find the secret snowflake. Virgo: Make as many New Year’s resolutions as you want. Though you are only guaranteed to have one fulfilled, it’ll change you fundamentally.

Libra: A shooting star is on its way for you, though you should start using more emoticons such as ^_^, >_<, o_O. These will speed up your catalyst and project you forward towards your best self. Scorpio: First off, happy late birthday! Hope you enjoyed it because this is going to be a rough winter. Carols won’t be enough to lift your mood, so try out some new music and take some time for yourself. Sagittarius: Your birthday season is coming up. Are you excited? It’ll be a smash, trust me. Though, don’t forget where your loyalties lie because you’re due for an unpleasant surprise if you’re caught under the mistletoe— metaphorically speaking. Capricorn: Even if you’ve never liked the holidays, you’ll be pleasantly surprised with what the world has to offer you this month. You’ll be swept up in the spirit for one reason or another. Aquarius: Big changes are coming. The stars predict your New Year’s Eve will set the tone for the entire year, so be careful about what message you’re sending out into the universe. It’s up to you to decide what will be received and sent back to you. Pisces: Open yourself up this holiday season. You may find yourself talking to people you had previously forgotten about, and that will always be better than chasing someone to the North Pole and back.

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Games By Julien De Goldsmith

Down

(in French)

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Winter Riddles By Amy Enayati Finally it’s wintertime, by far the coldest season of the year—almost—everywhere in the world. Lucky for us, we live in sunny Los Angeles, California. Regardless, put on your warm PJs and gather by the fire with a cup of hot cacao to play some winter riddles. Riddle 1: I am a dreamlike fairyland but I can be horrific to many when I cover the land with ice. What am I? Riddle 2: I have four sides, I am little and I can spin, and if you want to play just bet all your chocolate coins and hope you’ll win. What am I?

Riddle 4: I fly when I am born, lie when I'm alive, and run when I am dead. What am I? Riddle 5: I may stand out like a sore thumb, but I can make a dark room glow, and I guide others to keep the presents coming in a continuous flow. What am I? Riddle 6: What happened to the plastic surgeon as he sat by the fire on a cold winter night? Riddle 7: What do you call a polar bear that steals icebergs from other polar bears? Riddle 8: If you went to Antarctica, you would see a lot of me. I float on top of the water and am as cold as can be. What am I?

Answer 1: Winter; Answer 2: Dreidel; Answer 3: The letter R; Answer 4: Snow; Answer 5: Rudolf the Red-Nosed Reindeer; Answer 6: He melted; Answer 7: An ice burglar; Answer 8: Ice

Riddle 3: What do December, January, and February have in common?

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Melañia Horowitz (cover artist) Abigail Stewart Amy Enayati Anna Rosciszewski Balint Botyanszki Barrett Ahn Brady Keith Chloé Dumortier Dante Ray Dolce Coury Ella Fern Gabriel Rousseau Hana Navab Jack Phelan Janna Freedman Jasmine Wells Julian Freese-Binder Julien Jean Jolie Feld Julien De Goldsmith Megan Hurley Sofia Shah Tifaine Tordjmann

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