The ROAR - Fall 2021

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THE ROAR

Le Lycée Français de Los Angeles Halloween Edition 2021

Editor-in-Chief: Barrett Ahn The Roar

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Lion Life CLUB NEWS Academia By Aina Hashimoto Have you ever needed help on something, like homework, or studying for a test, but didn’t know where to find it? No matter what your answer is, Academia is the club for you! If you are confident in a subject, and you want to help other students, you may do so. If you are wanting help, Academia is where you can find it. Academia is an open place where students can interact with each other for help. Feel free to reach out to Aina (hashimotoa@lyceestudents.org) and/or Amy (enayatij@lyceestudents.org) If you have any questions. :)

digitally while also refining your own style. For those already experienced with digital art, you can bring your own material to school. Whether you're a beginner, an experienced artist, or want to discover something new, Digital Arts is the club for you! Come join us! — Barrett, Julien, Sofia

Investing Club By Dante Ray

Digital Arts Club By Barrett Ahn Art enables our creative expression, escapism, and cathartic release. It’s usually seen as a solitary activity, but it’s the community that makes drawing, designing, and creating even more fun. Art unites us and connects us with each other. So why not make it a part of your life too? In Digital Arts Club, you'll learn how to use different desktop applications and materials (stylus, graphic tablet) to draw

Investing club is a place where we discuss different investing strategies and the economy and maintain our very own fake investing account. Stop by on Tuesdays at 1:15 to suggest stocks for us to buy, or if you have any questions about investing in general! — Dante, Gabriel (co-presidents), and Eilean (vice president) The Roar

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Spotlight Interview Halloween Edition By Brady Keith

Mme Renouard: I hate scary movies because I really can’t deal with being scared. I used to, when I was a teenager, but not anymore. The last scary movie I watched was The Blair Witch Project… before any of you were born! 2) What are you dressing up as for Halloween? What are your Halloween plans? Mme Kabbaz: I don’t dress up for Halloween anymore, sorry!

In honor of Halloween, we asked some of our favorite teachers and staff members at Lycée a couple of questions about how they plan to celebrate the holiday. Here are their answers: 1) What is your favorite scary TV show or movie?

Mr. Edwards: I plan on dressing up as someone in the medical field, a doctor or nurse. Mr. Lesch: Myself. Mrs. Carver: I don't have the creativity to create a costume—I peaked at 16 when I was Cleopatra in my mother's yellow lace shower curtain.

Mme Kabbaz: Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Mr. Edwards: I do not have a favorite scary TV show or movie. I watched Pet Sematary when I was a kid, and I was permanently traumatized. From that point on I have refused to watch any scary or horror films. However, I do enjoy watching “The Great Pumpkin” Charlie Brown episode when it comes on. Mr. Lesch: Scary movies scare me so I don't watch them. Mrs. Carver: Alien—the original.

Mme Renouard: I’m a weakling! I start my day way too early to be able to wake up any earlier to prep and do makeup. I love you guys but I draw the line at 5:30 AM! So I don’t think I’ll wear a costume at school… 3) What are your plans for Halloween? Mme. Kabbaz: Just enjoy that my students get a real Halloween this year, and I plan to give out candy as always. Mr. Edwards: I plan on taking my children trick-or-treating in our neighborhood on Halloween.

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Mme. Renouard: I’ll attend a party where the theme is the 1920s (and no, I’m not the one who chose the theme!). I planned to be a zombie-newspaper-street-seller holding newspapers with the headline being something like: “Zombie Apocalypse: It Is Too Late!”

“chocolate” and protect citizens from that misleading abuse of language.) Note: All opinions expressed belong to me and don’t reflect the values and opinions of this newspaper.

4) What is your favorite kind of Halloween candy? Mme. Kabbaz: I love the midnight dark chocolate Milky Way and believe it or not, candy corn! Mr. Edwards: Butterfingers.

I

love

Snickers

and

Mr. Lesch: Reese's Peanut Butter Cups. Mrs. Carver: Nestle's Crunch. Mme Renouard: My favorite candies are the sour stuff: double sour, extra sour, you got it! And also, anything chocolate because it brings joy to my soul. (“Anything” but Hershey’s: some may say it would be state overreach, but I definitely believe there should be a law that forbids calling that disgusting *thing*

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Current Events The Pandora Papers By Dante Ray A global investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) recently revealed how the world’s wealthiest individuals (including businesspeople, celebrities, politicians, and 35 current and former world leaders) use offshore tax havens and shell companies to hide their wealth. These individuals hide their money for various reasons, including to escape taxes and to hide money or assets (like real estate) that they acquired in potentially illegal ways. This leak, known as the Pandora Papers, comprises over 11.9 million documents, including emails, spreadsheets, contracts, audio files, video files, and images. The documents from the Pandora Papers leak come from 14 different sources (like law and wealth management firms) and come in at an astounding total of 2.94 terabytes. This leak is larger than the two previous leaks, the Panama Papers in 2016 (2.6 terabytes), and the Paradise Papers (1.4 terabytes). This investigation was carried out by over 600 journalists from 117 countries. Here are just a few of the many revelations from this investigation:

traditional tax havens. Prominent figures that have moved assets into trusts in South Dakota include President Guillermo Lasso of Ecuador, the president of the largest sugar producer in the Dominican Republic (which has been accused of human rights abuses), and a Colombian businessman with potential links to money laundering for drug traffickers. Not all of the estimated $360 million held in South Dakotan trusts is linked to illegal activity, but because of the high levels of secrecy provided by South Dakota’s laws, it can be very hard to trace the money. 2. King of Jordan

King Abdullah II of Jordan

1. South Dakota One of the findings of the investigation that hit closest to home for many Americans was the revelation that South Dakota has become one of the best places to store wealth. Traditionally, places like Panama, the Cayman Islands, Jersey, and the British Virgin Islands have been thought of as the best places for storing offshore wealth. However, because of strong secrecy laws regarding trusts, states like South Dakota have begun to rival

King Abdullah II of Jordan is not a world leader that most Americans think about very often. The Pandora Papers investigations have attracted scrutiny from the US and include revelations particularly interesting to Southern Californians. Jordan is one of the poorest countries in the Middle East, with a GDP per capita of just over $4,000. The country is the third largest recipient of US foreign assistance, receiving $1.5 billion last year alone. Despite his country’s financial

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struggles, King Abdullah used a network of offshore shell companies to purchase three neighboring houses in Malibu for nearly $70 million. He also spent $10 million on luxury condominiums in Washington DC and bought three multi-million-dollar homes in London. King Abdullah claims that no US foreign aid was diverted to pay for these purchases. These high value acquisitions reveal that shell companies can be used for more than just hiding money.

offshore companies to purchase a €15 million mansion in the south of France. It is not clear whether the investigation had a direct impact on the results of the election. However, investigations around the world have been opened based on the claims made by the Pandora Papers investigations.

Prime Minister Andrej Babis

One of the homes acquired by King Abdullah in Malibu

3. Other world leaders Other world leaders have also found their offshore financial schemes exposed by the Pandora Papers investigations. These leaders include President Luis Abinader of the Dominican Republic, Prime Minister Patrick Achi of the Ivory Coast, President Milo Djukanovic of Montenegro, the former Chief Executive of Hong Kong C.Y. Leung, President Sebastián Piñera of Chile, President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine, and President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya. Many of these leaders, like Kenyatta, were elected on the platform of fighting offshore finance and corruption, revealing a huge hypocrisy. The political implications of these revelations are already playing out. The Czech Republic had an election on October 9th which ousted Prime Minister Andrej Babis. Days before the election, it was revealed that Babis used

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Our Voice DIVERSITY PAGE Amanda Gorman, an inspiring young poet fighting for change By Jane Weitz

Trump's supporters breaching the Capitol Building on January 6, 2021. This isn’t all; Amanda plans on running for president as soon as she is old enough. In an interview with the L.A. Times, Amanda announced her plan to run for the presidency in 2036. Amanda wants to win to create a victory for the women of color community. Amanda is inspiring, passionate, and an example for us all.

OPINION Voter Suppression Georgia and Texas

Laws

in

By Gabriel Rousseau Amanda has been writing poems since her early age. She was only 16 years old when she was titled Youth Poet Laureate of Los Angeles in 2014. Amanda started the One Pen One Page movement in the same year, a movement that fights for advocacy, leadership training, and poetry workshops for young people who want to make a difference. In 2015, Amanda published her first book, The One for Whom Food Is Not Enough. Amanda talks of the poverty and hunger felt by the marginalized community, leading readers to feel what it’s like and emphasize on an issue that is not talked about enough. In 2017, Amanda was named the National Youth Poet Laureate. A few months later, she performed at the Library of Congress. At Joe Biden’s presidential inauguration Amanda read her poem. She recited “The Hill We Climb,” a poem she wrote while watching the news about Donald

Picture this: you just lost an election. Any rational candidate or political party would simply try harder next cycle and hope to win more votes. But what if there was a way around this? What if you could change the rules to ensure that this defeat would never happen again? Sounds unfair doesn’t it? Many would say it goes against the core principles of a democracy. Well, this is exactly what Republican-led state legislatures have been doing ever since President Trump’s defeat in the 2020 presidential election, a fact many still won’t accept to this day.

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A notable example of this is Georgia. Soon after Joe Biden’s election, state legislators in both chambers got to work. Instead of trying to work with the upcoming administration, they would spend countless hours coming up with a bill to make sure this victory could never be reproduced—through any means necessary. The result was a 98 page law that did everything it could to attack the sacred principles of democracy. Firstly, the law aims at making voting a lengthy and inconvenient task. To do this, voters will have less time and need more documents to request an absentee ballot. For comparison, California sends every person on its voter rolls one of these ballots, no documents or request necessary. Additionally, it is now illegal to provide food or water to voters waiting in line. This is especially problematic in Georgia since it is known to have lines that are over 2 hours long in many parts of the state. Furthermore, the longest lines are found in the largest counties which tend to be the most Democratic, making it much more difficult for these voters to access their polling place. In Texas, the Republican State Legislature followed a similar strategy. However, their efforts were stopped multiple times along the way with numerous procedural moves brought by the opposing side, and later, a six week long walk out of the Democratic Caucus. This forced the two chambers to put the law on hold until they got back. Representatives were forced to flee the state and go to Washington D.C. after Texas Governor Greg Abbott ordered the police force to arrest members, stopping the presence of the full quorum in the chamber. This demonstrates how much of a priority it is for Republicans to tighten election law. However, even after all these attempts, the bill was passed. The finalized version arguably goes

even further than the Georgia Law. Firstly, it completely bans most of the ways used to make voting easier, such as drive through polling places, 24 hour voting, and temporary voting locations. Secondly, the law bans unsolicited absentee ballot applications, meaning each voter must request and send the proper documentation to receive one of these ballots. The law also requires the largest counties to livestream their ballot counting locations. While this may sound harmless, the fact that it only applies to Democratic counties adds an additional hurdle for opening voting centers in the opposing party’s “territory.” Overall, all these measures aim at making it harder for minorities and those who live in majority Democratic counties to vote. These laws not only represent an attack on the truth, but they also represent an attack on democracy, the foundation of the United States and the key differentiator from the autocratic nations it fights against. There was no widespread election fraud and Republicans know it. The justice system proved this, with every single one of the 61 lawsuits claiming massive fraud being struck down. When someone lies, there are consequences. This time, it was an insurrection against the US government that left many dead and millions shocked. If these lies do not stop, it can only go down from there.

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Popular Culture Album Review: Montero, by Lil Nas X By Brady Keith

I have many fond memories of the middle school dances: dressing up, listening to the band performances, eating sushi, doughnuts, and ice cream, and, most of all, dancing to “Old Town Road” by Lil Nas X. I remember knowing all the lyrics and screaming about horses in the karate room with the LED strobe lights and fog machine. Our poor teachers. Three years later, Lil Nas X has released a full album, titled Montero (after his real first name), which has quickly taken the world by storm. He was celebrated for his bold outfits at the Met Gala, and his lead single, “Montero (Call Me By Your Name),” reached over 1 billion streams on Spotify, and, as of the week of October 23, 2021, his single “Industry Baby, feat. Jack Harlow” has spent 12 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, and is currently sitting at Number 1.

The first track, “Montero (Call Me By Your Name),” immediately shocks listeners with its provocative language and accompanying music video, where he quite literally “dances with the devil.” The album contains many collaborations, including verses by Doja Cat, Megan Thee Stallion, and Miley Cyrus, as well as piano by Elton John. It includes rap songs like “Dolla Sign Slime,” “Industry Baby,” and “Dead Right Now,” as well as rock songs like “Lost in the Citadel” and “Life After Salem.” Lil Nas X also includes some more soft songs, like “Am I Dreaming (feat. Miley Cyrus)?,” “Sun Goes Down,” and “One of Me (feat. Elton John).” He references his own sexuality and denounces the criticism and backlash he has received in the rapping community. In conclusion, the album was a resounding success for good reason. The many controversies stirred by Lil Nas X have only added to the allure of his songwriting and storytelling. While the album is catchy and fun, it also discusses many serious topics such as being black, gay, and constantly facing criticism for being yourself. Montero is not just any rap album; it has a broad appeal with many different genres, messages, and catchy lines. It is certain that Lil Nas X is not just a one-hit wonder. In his words himself, “Funny how you said it was the end / Then I went and did it again.” Overall rating: 7/10 Most popular songs: “Montero (Call Me By Your Name,” “Industry Baby (feat. Jack Harlow),” “That’s What I Want” Favorite songs: “That’s What I Want,” “Scoop (feat. Doja Cat),” “Dolla Sign Slime (feat. Megan Thee Stallion)”

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STYLE Met Gala 2021 Fashion Review By Jolie Feld and Brady Keith After what felt like an endless period of time with no fashion or red carpet events, the Met Gala came back, better than ever, on September 13th. Fashion connoisseurs everywhere waited patiently to see what their favorite celebrities and influencers would wear on the famous red carpet, and how they would interpret this year’s theme—In America: A Lexicon of Fashion. This theme was controversial, as many Americans have recently turned their backs on patriotism, and many designers’ interpretations of the theme were underwhelming. Here are some of the best and worst ensembles:

#1: Lil Nas X

Analysis: As Timothée Chalamet enthusiasts, we have no choice but to admire this outfit. Timothée’s all white ensemble matched perfectly with the theme, as he paired a colonial era top with modern sweatpants and Converse sneakers. Timothée managed to stay on theme, while still looking very cool and high fashion. Rating: 8/10

#3: Camila Cabello

Analysis: Young musician Lil Nas X has risen to the top of stardom with the recent release of his first album, Montero. The singer and rapper outdid himself at the event, displaying not one, not two, but three jaw-dropping outfits at the Met Gala. Rating: 9/10

#2: Timothée Chalamet

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Analysis: Camila Cabello and her boyfriend, Shawn Mendes, dazzled photographers and the public alike with their Met Gala outfits. Cabello wore a purple sparkly crop top and skirt. While her makeup was extremely well done and the outfit was very pretty, it doesn’t seem to fit her body very well, making her look awkward. In addition, this outfit did not follow the theme. Rating: 4/10

#5: Rihanna

#4: Addison Rae Analysis: Rihanna has been known in the past to be an expert at staying on theme for the Met Gala, while completely blowing everyone away with her outstanding looks. This year, Rihanna’s Balenciaga gown underwhelmed many fans, as it sort of just looked like a high fashion quilt. While we still love and admire her style, this is not our favorite gown of the event. Rating: 6.5/10

#6: Daniel Levy Analysis: The presence of influencers was a very controversial topic at this year’s Met Gala. Although many influencers have surpassed the social media stardom of most normal celebrities, the question of whether or not they deserve this recognition is still up in the air. Addison Rae, a young Tik-Tok star who recently starred in her own Netflix film, arrived at the event in what seemed like a hand-me-down dress. It was ill-fitting and boring, and truly had no real connection to the theme. Rating: 2/10 Analysis: The Schitt’s Creek superstar arrived at his first Met Gala, making a splash in John Anderson and Cartier. His suit paid homage to artist David Wojnarovicz, and brought up the larger theme of LGBTQ+ visibility and

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acceptance. His outfit was one of the most memorable and creative, following the theme of American fashion and doing it fabulously. Rating: 7/10

#7: Billie Eilish

Analysis: Saturday Night Live actor and comedian Pete Davidson arrived at the Met Gala in this eye-catching outfit. His glasses are reminiscent of the three blind mice from Shrek, and the dress was a bold choice. Overall, we don’t hate this outfit, but it really has no connection to the theme. Rating: 6/10

#9: Emma Chamberlain

Analysis: Following the release of her studio album Happier Than Ever, the 19-year-old singer-songwriter arrived at the Met Gala wearing a full Oscar de La Renta gown à la Marilyn Monroe, highlighting the vintage beauty of American Fashion in the mid-20th century. Billie Eilish was very secretive about her outfit, even having others create a barricade to keep her dress a secret before her grand entrance, but just seeing her hair, makeup, and a concerningly long train was totally worth the effort. Rating: 8/10

Analysis: Emma Chamberlain, YouTube star and social media influencer, arrived to her first Met Gala in a custom Louis Vuitton dress. Obviously, she looked incredible, considering her history with working with high fashion houses like Louis Vuitton. Props to her makeup artist for making Chamberlain one of the most iconic looks of the night. Rating: 9.5/10

#10: Kim Kardashian

#8: Pete Davidson

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Analysis: Kim Kardashian, to put it plainly, is known for her iconic and revolutionary looks. This here is no exception. Dressed in full black Balenciaga, the fashion icon chose to represent the daringness of American fashion, as well as demonstrating how influential her figure has been in clothing design and beauty standards. While this look is certainly not for everyone, Kim K. absolutely won the award for one of the most memorable outfits of the night. Rating: 6.5/10

From Animal Skins to Green Jumpsuits By Barrett Ahn With Fauci giving the thumbs up for trick-ortreating this year (particularly if you’re vaccinated), Halloween is making a comeback like never before. Candy is in spectacularly high demand. Neighborhoods are going all out on their decorations. And of course, Halloween costume sales are soaring. In this current age of Party City attire and inflatable costumes, it’s hard to imagine what people used to don on All Saints’ Eve, but past outfits were much more different—and spookier— than today. Taking its roots over 2,000 years ago in the Celtic pagan festival of Samhain, “costumes” were based on the belief that at the end of October, humans could see the world of the gods. They gave food offerings to their deities to ward off evil souls, and they wore masks and animal skins to pass themselves off as fellow supernatural entities. Villagers also disguised themselves to play pranks on one another, since this new anonymity meant they could get away with their tricks. In the medieval times centuries later, many dressed up as the spirits of the dead to go “souling”— knocking on doors to receive “soul cakes.” In the eighteenth century, immigrants from Europe brought their Halloween traditions with them to the U.S., and the popularity of costume-wearing grew.

Outfits that spawned from these cultures mainly centered around morbid images of death, reminiscent of the pagan holiday. People dressed up with whatever could be made or found at home, including sheets and vizards. It was in the Roaring Twenties and 1930s that costumes began to be influenced by pop culture, and characters like Popeye, curlyhaired Annie, and Mickey Mouse were typically emulated. Halloween-themed parties became an annual occurrence, and people spent more time planning out their costumes, starting out as early as August. The shift from celebrating adults to celebrating children occurred a decade later, when All Hallows’ Eve was rebranded as an activity meant for younger people in an effort to curb Halloween pranks and crime rates. In the fifties and sixties, American costumes were inspired by what was shown on TV, from superheroes to rising celebrities. Moving away from homespun outfits, families bought their costumes in stores and markets, and adult celebrations picked up again. Costumes that were vibrant, colorful, and light were the norm, while horror movies inspired others to choose scarier outfits. Full-face disguises in the pagan style were switched out for more imaginative garments. Costumes have come a long way before reaching today’s era. Now, ensembles based on specific characters and pop culture icons are at the forefront of each year’s costumes. With an endless amount of content, the possibility for outfits to be creative is just as unlimited. New shows such as the recordbreaking Netflix series Squid Game and the classic Marvel costumes are sure to be in vogue. But if you’re looking for a last-minute costume, dress as the Celts celebrating Samhain, and call it a night.

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MOVIES Evil Doesn’t Die My Thoughts on (SOME SPOILERS) By Balint Botyanszki

Halloween

Kills

A return of the notorious killer, a horror tale no person with access to the internet hasn’t heard of, Michael Myers makes his return in the most recent of his films: Halloween Kills. In honor of the upcoming holiday, it’s a given that a crucial addition to the series has such deserved attention. As this goes on, I’ll be sure to give a warning before anything with major spoilers.

Starting out with a captivating intro leading us back into the story of the original 1978 Halloween, we see a recap of the stories of characters such as Officer Hawkins and Lonnie Elam. Although Lonnie plays an exceptionally insignificant role in the film, the story of Hawkins, despite his lack of participation in anything besides dialogue interactions, does come into a major aspect of play when Laurie is attempting to play the blame game. We are then introduced to the critical scene in which it gets revealed that despite being shot in the face multiple times and getting trapped inside a burning basement for what seems to be at least 20 minutes, Michael

Myers, being the pure embodiment of evil he is, takes it like a champ and humbly proceeds to take the lives of every fireman who arrives to help at the scene.

One thing to mention at this point in time: the sound design of the movie is nearly perfect. Silences are never too drawn out and don’t always lead to a cheesy jump scare, a standard baseline for any decent horror movie. When these silences do persist, they’re broken up with the gut-wrenching, subtle breathing of the Haddonfield Killer, keeping Michael’s atmospheric tension alive. There’s a masterful use of music throughout the movie, and thus, we get a marvelous usage of the classic Halloween theme to get the adrenaline flowing. Speaking of pros, the movie is very well-paced which keeps it from being repetitive or boring, making the emotional scenes drag on for not too long, all the while keeping the terror-inducing aura of Michael up, and making each of his kills feel unique and chilling. The devil’s rampant advance through the familiar town of Haddonfield still reeks of the same near-disturbing captivation that it always has—and that on its own immediately makes it a must-watch for anyone interested in watching something scary this Halloween season. That said, up next comes everything after the introduction of the film, so if you haven’t yet seen it and would like to, this is where the spoilers and possible criticisms come up. So, yes, although I thoroughly enjoyed Halloween Kills, I do have a couple The Roar 14


things to point out that stuck out to me (not in a good way). Firstly, during the scene in which Lindsey and Marion are found by Michael in the car with two new characters (the doctor and nurse couple), although the scene itself was thoroughly thrilling, it unfortunately ended with the doctor attempting to shoot Michael, who whipped the car door into her hand, turning the gun around, and having it fire on herself. Even if it’s good that nobody from corporate decided to have Myers shoot the gun himself, though it could be argued that Michael’s sheer strength is great enough to pull off such a feat, it still comes off as tacky— closer to a comedic moment than a brutal one.

Afterwards, despite my subjective disliking of the deaths of Big John and Little John, I don’t have any major things to point out in terms of criticism—not until a major scene revolving around the other asylum patient that escaped with Michael in the previous movie. During this part, he’s seen coming into the hospital full of angry civilians out for the blood of Michael and in turn gets mistaken to be Michael himself. These people have never actually seen his face, only the signature ominous mask which he obsessively dons. In this, the film seems to wish to antagonize Tommy in his role of leader of the aggressive, misguided charge, leading him to kill himself. It’s satisfying to keep Myers as the sole villain of the story, as it makes him all the more terrifying when he’s shown to be virtually unkillable time and time again. The removal of his mask towards the end of the movie may be the subject of criticism, but I

personally didn’t feel that any of the mysterious barriers of Michael were broken here, as only the sides of his face were shown instead of a full, frontal angle. My verdict: Not quite as great as the previous one from 2018, but still a classically fun and scary watch for the spooky season. 7.5/10

SFX Makeup By Anna Rosciszewski

Are you struggling with finding a unique Halloween costume this year? Want something never done before but totally awesome at the same time? A way to bring your character to life on Halloween? Well then, you’ve found your answer: special effects makeup, or SFX. A mind-bending and elaborate makeup technique that will be sure not to disappoint you on Halloween. Special effects makeup is an art of creating the appearance of wounds, scars, wrinkles, and other features to transform a face or a part of a body. Using enough detail and dedication, you can become any character in a shockingly realistic manner. The earliest use of special effects makeup was to create out-of-this-world characters in films, some taking place even before the 30s in films like A Trip to the Moon or The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Though, the art of prosthetic and SFX makeup really took off in the 1930s with the rising popularity of monster movies like Frankenstein and The

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Mummy, where this type of makeup was used to deform the actor’s face to make them appear scarier and more monstrous. Some of the most famous SFX makeup artists to ever exist include the man who brought Freddy Kruger and Chucky to life, Kevin Yagher, with his work in The Nightmare on Elm Street, Conspiracy and The Phantom of the Opera (1989). Another SFX makeup legend is Dick Smith, or “The Godfather of Makeup,” who created mindblowing looks for films like The Godfather, The Exorcist and Taxi Driver. Special effects makeup artists are very important as they make the movie characters fascinating and contribute greatly to their looks. You may be shaking your head and saying, “I’m not a makeup professional, how could I even achieve a good SFX makeup look?” Well no need to doubt yourself, there is a wide range of SFX tutorials you can follow on YouTube. With YouTube channels like “Glam and Gore,” “MadeYewLook” and “Dope2111” that have grown and gained popularity on the platform since 2010, you’ll be sure to get all the best tips, recommended products, and overall basic techniques to shape your face into something incredible. To start a special effects makeup look at home you’ll need a couple products. The fundamentals are Scar Wax to distort and emphasize facial features, Liquid Latex to create realistic wounds on the skin, and Spirit Gum to use as an adhesive. You might want to use a prosthetic for a more complicated project where you’d need to add a larger detail, and then work over it with the other products. The key to getting Special effects makeup right is to make everything neatly done; you don’t want to glaze over any mistakes.

Some popular SFX makeup looks are the classic pencil pierced nose, the zipper face, the Joker smile, the Grinch, etc. Pinterest is a great place to draw inspiration for an SFX makeup idea; there’s a makeup look for just about any character or horror category. Consider using special effects makeup for your next disguise to create an effortless yet impressive look that will be sure to turn heads and get you a lot of compliments this spooky season!

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Book Review: Of Swords and Seasons By Sofia Shah

Throughout the novel, we see themes of family, duty, grief, and friendships. Victoria struggles throughout the book to support her friends and family after her parents died. Then she grapples to accept her role in the fairy high court, where she isn’t accepted or wanted, and seen as inferior. The people around her do not make it easier for her, and she is far away from her family and surrounded by people she doesn’t trust. Slowly, Victoria learns about the messy politics that surround the fairy courts as she is thrust in the middle of it. Reading this in October really set the mood for Halloween for me. It’s fantasy, so you have elements of the supernatural, however there are no horror or thriller elements, so it’s a perfect book if those genres put you off. You can still buy the book before Halloween on Amazon, and all the proceeds go to the Malala Fund which champions for girls’ education.

Of Swords and Seasons by Barrett Ahn, the debut novel of Barrett, a senior at Lycée, is a thrilling fantasy novel set in a fae world. It centers around the protagonist, Victoria, a human who finds herself involved in the High Court society of the fae world. The novel starts with Victoria running her family’s swordsmith shop, where she lives as a human in a world where faeries rule over the land, until a mysterious person representing the royal House of Seasons makes a request for an iron sword (which, if found out, would lead to her death sentence). We follow her story as she becomes intertwined with the fairy world that before was completely distant from her life. It’s a relatively short book (304 pages) in terms of fantasy novels, but Ahn makes it work in her favor. The worldbuilding involves several locations, each with their unique characteristics, but it doesn’t suffer from drawn out descriptions that is usually found in fantasy novels. The plot is quick and punchy; there are no wasted words, which keeps the book very interesting and captivating.

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Let’s Taco Bout Food RECIPES Tiramisu Recipe By Dante Ray

Tiramisu is a delicious no-bake Italian dessert that I discovered last year during quarantine. Here is the slightly modified recipe that I use: Ingredients:

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About 1-2 packages of Ladyfingers or Pavesini cookies 500g (1.1 lb.) of mascarpone 4-5 eggs 100g (1/2 cups) of sugar About 1 cup of coffee (preferably espresso)

1 chocolate bar (optional) Recipe: 1) Brew the coffee, then pour it into a large shallow dish 2) Separate the egg whites from the yolks. Very important: make sure none of the yolk gets into the egg whites.

Note: the eggs are raw and will not be cooked. You can optionally pasteurize them if you feel uncomfortable using raw eggs, but it should be fine if you choose not to. 3) Pour the egg whites into a mixer or a bowl if you plan to whisk them by hand. Whisk for about 5-10 minutes, or until they become stiff. You’ll know they’re ready when you’re able to flip the bowl over without them falling out. If any yolk got into the egg whites this won’t work. 4) Set aside the stiffened egg whites. Clean the mixer bowl, then add the egg yolks and sugar. Whisk until they become pale and smooth, about 3-5 minutes. 5) Add the mascarpone to the yolks and sugar and mix for 1-2 minutes. 6) Carefully add the stiffened egg whites to the mixture, mix until it’s smooth and creamy. 7) In a baking dish, start constructing the tiramisu: Note: While you can use ladyfingers or pavesini, ladyfingers are recommended. a. Dip the pavesini cookies or ladyfingers into the coffee one at a time, then arrange them to cover the bottom of the baking dish. Note: If you plan on eating the tiramisu the same day you are making it, dip the cookies for longer. But if you plan to let it sit in the fridge overnight (recommended), make sure to dip the cookies very lightly.

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b. Cover the layer of cookies with a layer of the mascarpone and egg mixture c. Shave some of the chocolate bar onto the layer of mascarpone and egg mixture (optional) d. Repeat steps a through c until you have reached the top of the baking dish (usually 23 layers)

mention the fact that they don’t mind having a bunch of busy high school students hanging around their restaurant to study.

8) Refrigerate for at least 2 hours before consuming. Refrigerate overnight for best taste.

RESTAURANT REVIEW Good Day Thai Kitchen and Café By Jolie Feld

Lycée’s junior and senior students were ecstatic to return to school in person, to be able to return to all of their favorite lunchtime restaurants in the Palms neighborhood. Lokal Sandwich Shop and Burrata House are previous favorites, but a new spot opened up just a couple of weeks into the school year that has erupted with popularity. Good Day Thai Kitchen and Cafe is a perfectly decorated little cafe just around the corner from the high school campus, with an extensive menu ranging from Thai classics , like their delicious pad thai, to American breakfast and lunch favorites, like French toast and waffles. The staff is extremely friendly and outgoing, not to

A fan-favorite among the students is the boba. They have all kinds of milk teas and other boba drinks, with flavors for everyone to enjoy. Some of the most popular drinks are the Brown Sugar Milk Tea with boba, and the Ube Slush. For meals, students love the fried rice and the numerous selection of noodles that the restaurant has to offer. One issue with this new cafe is the hours, as the restaurant only opens for breakfast at 9 a.m., which is after most of the hungry Lycée students are able to stop and get breakfast or coffee. On some days, Good Day can get busy in the lunch rush and getting your order can take longer than expected. This can usually be avoided, however, with good planning so that you will be able to return to class on time. Overall, Good Day Café is becoming a new Lycée staple that I highly recommend.

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Local Dish Spotlight: Pad See Ew By Louise Powell

Chinese broccoli, the textures of the dish were intoxicating; the crunch of the broccoli offered a perfect contrast to the fluffy tofu and the pillowy noodles. I personally would’ve enjoyed more soy sauce, as I felt the dish wasn’t salty enough, but it was overall a great lunch, and I highly recommend—go and try it for yourself.

Broad rice noodles, Chinese broccoli, egg, soy sauce, and your choice of protein– these are the staple components of pad see ew, a ubiquitous dish from the streets of Thailand. The lesser known (although not less tasty) cousin of the renowned pad thai, this dish actually hails from the Guangdong Province in China. Immigrants first brought this dish from their home country to Bangkok, where the cooking technique was adopted and gradually turned into the popular pad see ew we feast on today. The name of the dish (ผัดซีอิ(ว, translating to “soy-sauce stir fry”) simply derives from its cooking technique: the ingredients are stirfried in a wok using a combination of both light and dark soy sauce, giving it its signature salty taste. However, this recipe is extremely hard to replicate at home– an authentic pad see ew is cooked on professional-grade gas ranges and requires extremely high heat, which is not possible on commercial stoves. But fear not; just because you can’t cook this dish at home, doesn’t mean you don’t get to try it—Good Day, the new Thai place that opened a few weeks ago on National, has it available on their menu. I sampled the dish myself, with tofu, and found it to be all around a delicious iteration. While this pad see ew used normal broccoli and not

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Soup for the Soul OPINION PIECES Why Toxic Positivity Is Bad By Tifaine Tordjmann What is toxic positivity? Toxic positivity stems from the idea of “positive vibes only,” which can be harmful to a person or society because it invalidates your emotions. The true definition from Verywellmind.com is “the belief that no matter how dire or difficult a situation is, people should maintain a positive mindset.” Being human is normal, and suppressing feelings of sadness or anger or any “pessimistic” emotion will make you block them out and hide them, keeping those emotions locked in without expressing how you feel. This is toxic because to have healthy relationships, friendships, etc. you need to be honest with that person. Signs of toxic positivity can be hiding away your feelings, comparing yourself to someone who you think “has it worse,” or feeling ashamed for having negative thoughts, and hiding how you genuinely feel. A couple of examples of toxic positivity terms are “You’ll be okay!” or “Always look at the bright side!” or “Don’t be so negative!” I know you think these terms could be harmless but if you think about it, if someone tells you this, your immediate reaction is to invalidate your feelings and try to be positive. However, it also depends on the context because it depends if the person is crying over spilled milk or if they really aren’t okay. We find many forms of toxic positivity in our society, especially on social media. The aesthetic of living a perfect, enlightened life without any problems makes you compare yourself even more, and you crave that feeling

of happiness and peace so much you shut off your present being, which is not at that state. We have to normalize being human, and going through ups and downs. If you’ve sat in Mr. Brack’s ninth grade class, you know about binary opposition. Without sadness, there wouldn’t be happiness. It is good to live life with a positive mindset, but when you are faced with struggles, the best thing you can do is listen to your emotions.

A Guide to Universal’s Halloween Horror Nights 2021 By Charlotte Kierszenbaum This year I got the chance to go to Universal’s Halloween Horror Nights! Surprisingly, I am someone who doesn't like anything scary, because it's SCARY. I went with my family, and they sort of forced me. I had only gone once in 2019, and that year I went with my mom and my sister, and all we did was go through one maze. We got too scared and went home. This year, we got there at around 6 p.m. We were a huge group: my mom, my dad, my sister, my brother and The Last Bandoleros! The best band ever!

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The first maze we went on was The Exorcist. I did not expect it to be too scary because I thought of how old the movie was and did not think they could do anything that horrifying. I expected a lot of animatronics and not too many people. This maze was probably the scariest one out of the seven we went through. I held my sister Hannah close to me, and we went through the maze. It seemed to me that the maze kept the set of the “bedroom scene” from the movie, and you walk through it four or five times. Even though I was expecting people in the same places, IT WAS STILL SCARY. I’m sure that since it was the first maze I went through that night, it must have made my nerves a little less ready for the scares. Overall this is number 1 in scariness out of all of the mazes. From then on, the mazes gradually got less scary. The second maze we went through was The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. One of the band members we were with, Jerry, filled me in on the story behind this maze BECAUSE I DON’T LIKE SCARY MOVIES and haven’t seen many of them. Apparently, the guy does some very gory things to the faces of the people he kills—I don’t want to spoil the movie for you all. This time, I went through with my brother Andrew beside me. It was not that bad. The worst part of this maze was that it smelled like beef jerky throughout the whole thing. They must have added that smell to add to the whole “butcher vibe” of the movie. This maze was probably number 6 in scariness. The next maze we went on was not a maze, but the tram ride. It is themed The Purge and this was my favorite thing we did all night! You get to rest your feet while being in the tram, and when you get off the tram there are many dressed-up people that come at you with chainsaws. Very fun! It was pretty scary, but the whole thing was outside, so my senses knew there was room for me to run away. Number 4 in scariness.

The Curse of Pandora's Box was the maze we did next. This one was terrifying! It had a lot of mythology elements and fluorescent colors. The fluorescent colors were contrasted with a completely black room, so when something brightly colored pops out of nowhere the color change alone is surprising. This one was pretty frightening. I would rate this number 2 in scariness. After The Curse of Pandora’s Box, we went to Netflix’s The Haunting of Hill House. This one was not that scary. This maze gets number 7 in scariness. Anyone can go through this maze. It feels like you're in an old Victorian mansion, and there are a bunch of people having tea in every room you walk into. Maybe it’s scary if you don’t like tea? Or maybe you have an allergy? Seeing the decorations was totally worth going through it, though! It was done well and looked realistic, but the scares were not the best. The second to last maze we went through was AMC’s The Walking Dead. This used to be a regular attraction at the theme park open year-round, but they closed it down right before the pandemic. This year at Horror Nights, they decided to bring it back. This time, Diego helped me with the backstory. Very apocalyptic. The sets were cool, but it felt like an all-year-round type of attraction. There were not as many people jumping out at you. This one was number 5 in scariness. The last maze we did was Universal Monsters: The Bride of Frankenstein Lives. This one was pretty good. It was not as scary as The Exorcist or The Pandora’s Box one, but it was up there. This one gets number 3 in scariness. It definitely had me running to try and get to the next room. Since I knew it was the last one, I kind of let my guard down, so it was a little more scary. Overall it was good, and the costumes and sets were intriguing.

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In conclusion, I recommend everyone attend this year’s Universal Horror Nights. Maybe my review of each maze can help you map out which mazes you want to go through depending on how scary of a night you want. I am glad I was able to go through all the mazes, and that I got a little scared because that is the whole point. The one maze you cannot skip is The Purge maze. It was the most fun and so worth it. As long as you go through The Purge one, I'm sure you will have a great time. Now that I’ve gone through all these mazes, my fear tolerance has gone up. I think I could probably go see a horror movie in theatres and actually enjoy it a little bit. I hope you all have a very good Halloween! Enjoy this picture of me and some Purgers…

POETRY Ne m’oubliez pas Par Rossignol Te rappelles-tu ces soirs passés ? Soient celles qui serrent le cœur, Celles chantées saintes soirées Chez celles qui soignent les mœurs. Te souviens-tu des dîners pris, Dans de modestes brasseries ? « Dames et danseurs, daignez dîner ! » Disaient des dizaines à danser. Te rappelles-tu la lueur ? La luisante lumière câline, Tu l’aimais, comme sa couleur Calme, lisant à la lucarne. Te souviens-tu de la bonne heure, Seuls, tous les deux, notre bonheur ? Tu me tendais ta tendre main Gentiment ta peau de satin.

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Green Page When Will We Learn? By Dolce Coury Despite public outcry, devastating historical events, and the advanced technology or education of the 21st century, fossil fuel industries ignore the facts and use environmentally destructive processes like oil drilling. There have been six major oil spills in California within the past 52 years; the amount of crude oil spilled ranges from 58,000 gallons to 4.2 million gallons, with the most recent spill in October of 2021 leaking about 131,600 gallons that spanned 8,320 acres. As early as October 1st, the Orange County Coast Guard noticed a sheen glow emanating from the water—usually a sign of an oil spill—and reported their findings through the radio emergency channel. However, it was not investigated until 15 hours later and officially declared a spill on October 3rd, which wasted valuable time, allowing more oil to disperse into the water. After investigators analyzed the data and Amplify Energy’s 13-inch crack on their pipeline, they believe the cause came from a ship’s anchor striking the pipe. More devastatingly, they estimate that this was a gradual break, meaning over the past several months, oil was dispelling into the coast and the Pacific Ocean without anyone knowing. Families living close to Huntington Beach were shocked to see their beloved beaches covered in darkness and the corpses of fishes and birds scattered on the shores. As evident in their observation, oil is toxic to animals, making them suffer from hypothermia, genetic mutations or abnormalities, reproductive problems (affecting later generations), mobility issues, and sadly a slow death while drenched in the substance. For example, the oil spill in San Francisco Bay in 2007 killed 6,800 birds while only leaking 58,000 gallons of oil. Therefore,

it begs the question of just how deadly this spill's outcome will be. Moreover, the impact is not limited to wildlife. With large spills, pollutants enter the air and tar balls appear around the leak, damaging public health. In this spill, there were about 172,500 lbs of oil debris and 13 barrels of tar balls recovered on at least one day. Fortunately, the air quality has not drastically changed in the area, posing no immediate threat to the local residents. This horrendous event, like so many before, calls for action from our government and local authorities. It is not enough to simply decommission oil plants from offshore drilling—the technique should be permanently banned. No matter the safety protocols or company guarantees given, nothing can prevent future accidents from occurring. Furthermore, companies should not even take the chance when there is the potential of killing thousands of animals, disrupting the marine ecosystem, affecting the health of humans, and emitting toxins that fuel climate change. By continuing these processes, companies like Amplify Energy are gambling with lives, the safety of our environment, and our future. We must do our part and support politicians who advocate for environmental initiatives, donate supplies such as gloves, and volunteer for the beach clean-up when these disasters occur. We must no longer be ignorant of the consequences of our actions and take a step towards saving our future.

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Horoscopes ASTROLOGY REPORT: SCORPIO SEASON (October 22nd-November 21st) By Hana Navab Hello astrologers! As many of you know, Scorpio season is upon us. This means something different for every zodiac sign. Take a look down below to see what Scorpio season brings for you! EARTH SIGNS: Taurus: Now Taurus, Scorpio is your opposite sign. This season, you may be struggling with a challenge. Don’t feel like you have to carry your burden all by yourself. Your friends and family will pull through for you; you just have to put your stubbornness aside and work up the nerve to ask for help. Virgo: Virgo! This season is bringing you lots of knowledge. You may find yourself immersed in a new interest, brought to you by an unexpected source. Make the most of it, as new sparks of passion should always be pursued! Who knows, you might even find a new lifepath. Capricorn: I’ll give it to you straight, Capricorn: this upcoming season will be one of burning the candle at both ends. Things are gonna get tough, both in school and out, but you can’t let it get to you. Set goals for yourself, manage your time as best as you can, and don’t wait around for someone else to do your work for you. Good luck! AIR SIGNS: Aquarius: Exciting Aquarius, good news: this following season should be one of productivity! You now have the opportunity to get your life together before the holidays come up, so don’t waste your time on things that won’t help you achieve your goals. There will be time for fooling around later, but right now, your work should be your priority. Gemini: Gemini! You may feel the need to get caught up in whatever drama is appearing in your life at the moment. Don’t sink your teeth into the temptation of participating in something that you may wind up regretting. Instead, focus on yourself and your own needs! Libra: Firstly, happy late birthday! Now that you’re a year older (and a year wiser!) you may feel a bit melancholic, or lost. Focus on getting into your routine, whatever that may be. Establishing security and consistency in your life will help you regain your trademark balance.

FIRE SIGNS: Aries: Hello. Mars, the ruling planet of Aries, will be entering Scorpio on October 30th. You may feel competition bubbling up, maybe a fight between you and a close friend? Don’t worry though, something spontaneously will work out your disputes. Leo: Scorpio season is going to be a time of rest for you, dear Leo. You will feel intense urges to stay at home, not go out, and pass time by yourself or with close friends only. To quench this thirst to rest and nest, get your work done ahead of time, so that you can take any time later on relaxing instead of stressing. Sagittarius: Bright Sagittarius, these coming weeks, you may feel the need to rest more than usual. If you have big events coming up, be sure to take the time to wind down and treat yourself. You may also feel the urge to use less social media, and limit your time to only essential activities. WATER SIGNS: Pisces: Feeling adventurous? Don’t worry, completely natural: this Scorpio season will be one of fruitfulness in any endeavors that you have previously failed to see through. Creative juices will start flowing through your brain soon enough, and be prepared to put your problem-solving skills to the test! Cancer: Lovely Cancer, if you haven’t been getting out and about lately, here’s your chance! Scorpio season for Cancers means spending time with loved ones and interacting socially. Enjoy what life has to offer you at the moment, and make the best of it! Don’t chase something without appreciating what you have first. Scorpio: Ah Scorpio. Your time to shine is coming up this season, as you will reclaim your birthright as the best water sign. Your passion will explode this season, and you will not be able to restrain yourself from hitting your goals. You will be totally unstoppable. That’s all, folks! Wishing you a benevolent Scorpio season, and a Happy Halloween!

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Games By Julien De Goldsmith

Halloween CrossWord Puzzle 1 2

A 3

G 4

K

5

A

L

6

F 7

8

O

9 10

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Fall Riddles By Amy Enayati Fall is here, and that means it’s time for everyone's favorite cheesy riddles. Whether you answer them at home, or in the middle of your lunch period, these riddles are guaranteed to make your day! Q: There is a bush, a pine tree, and an oak tree and it is the fall season. If the wind is blowing towards the west, which way does the leaves on the pine tree fall? A: A pine tree doesn’t have leaves. It has needles. Q: What do you use to mend a jack-o’lantern? A: A pumpkin patch. Q: What did the oak tree say when autumn came around? A: Leaf me alone. Q: What do you call a dude who really likes autumn? A: A fall guy! Q: What is the ratio of a pumpkin’s circumference to its diameter? A: Pumpkin Pi Q: Why do trees hate tests so much? A: Because they get stumped on all questions!

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Melañia Horowitz (cover art) Barrett Ahn Balint Botyanszki Dolce Coury Amy Enayati Jolie Feld Julien De Goldsmith Aina Hashimoto Brady Keith Charlotte Kierszenbaum Hana Navab Louise Powell Dante Ray Anna Rosciszewski Gabriel Rousseau Sofia Shah Tifaine Tordjmann Jane Weitz

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