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Winning cover submission by Ella Fern for the Global Outreach/GSA contest in honor of the Trevor Project for LGBTG youth

April 2021

THE ROAR Le Lycée Français de Los Angeles

Editor-in-Chief: Lillie Laing The Roar1

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S potlig ht Interview Mme Kabbaz Final Interview this School Year: Back to School By Brady Keith

“I want the seniors to know that every single week, I monitor the situation concerning graduation. Somehow, we will try to have an in-person What is the hardest part of going back to school? graduation. The rules seem to change every few weeks, and right now, with distancing and lots of “The hardest part of going back to school is to be other limitations, we can bring one graduate and meticulous and make sure that nobody is harmed: to two guests to graduation. I am looking into how to stay calm and not get carried away. We need to make make this a special day for the seniors. sure that we do things the right way and to make sure For everyone else, I keep reminding my staff that that students and teachers are safe.” bringing students back as much as possible is a priority. It doesn’t’t have to be done in order: one What has been your favorite part of going back to week after the break, 3rd graders are going back to school? school full-time. That doesn’t’t mean that we can’t bring back 10th graders or 8th graders full-time. It “That’s easy. My favorite part of going back to school just depends on how feasible it is with the has been the appreciation of my students and teachers. numbers. I’d like to remind everybody that it is not Across the board, from 3rd grade through 12th grade, just how many students can come to school; it’s teachers have remarked what a difference in the not a race. It’s the fact that if there are multiple students coming back to school. Students ’participation cases at school, we have to shut down just the and demeanor have improved significantly by going to group of people where contact tracing shows that school in person compared to online. It is 500 times that group can be vulnerable. We would never want more exciting, happier, and better! It’s been a to send home the entire school. remarkable change.” I’m also very excited about summer camp. We are What is one thing you believe the Lycée can going to have full-fledged fun activities without improve on for in-person school going forward? Zoom but make sure there are learning opportunities. We’ll have a separate online “I feel that we can get students in and out much faster if program. I’m very excited about in-person summer we continue to remind parents about the self-screening camp. and the staggered schedule, and how important those are. I feel as though bringing the lunch program back to To all my students and teachers: thank you. the high school would be a great idea, though we would Clearly, this has not been an easy year, but it was need people to want that program. We need to continue made easier by those cooperative parents, to remember that there still is a threat and our students, and teachers. I truly feel that this has responsibility outside of the school is just as important been a team effort and that the Lycée has as inside the school. Every person we interact with tremendous school spirit. I see it in my staff who outside of campus can potentially be a carrier and place care about each other and their students. While I, us all in jeopardy.” of course, look forward to putting this all past me, this has been a remarkable experience to go Is there anything you would like to say to the Lycée through and to get through.” community?

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C urrent E vents The Trevor Project and its Mission! By Lillie Laing

Experts are just beginning to understand the mental health impacts of the multiple crises in 2020 that have deeply impacted so many. Among them, suicide remains a top public health crisis, consistently the second leading cause of death among young people and continues to disproportionately impact the LGBTQ youth. What is the Trevor Project? Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender young people are about five times more likely to attempt suicide than their peers, according to research from the CDC. Founded in 1998, The Trevor Project, the largest suicide prevention and crisis intervention organization for the LGBTQ community, is on a mission to change that. Why is the suicide rate so high in the LGBTQ community?

The nonprofit offers free, confidential crisis services 24/7, and people are reaching out in increasingly large numbers. Through a toll-free telephone number, it operates The Trevor Lifeline, a confidential service that offers trained counselors. The project also provides crisis intervention and suicide prevention services for LGBTQ young people under 25, as well as to offer guidance and resources to parents and educators in order to foster safe, accepting, and inclusive environments for all youth - at home and at school. How can people outside the LGBTQ community help? Today, The Trevor Project has become the leading global organization responding to the crisis of LGBTQ youth suicide. While celebrating this growth, there is still an enormous amount of work ahead. You don’t have to be a mental health expert to support the LGBTQ youth every day by listening, lending an empathetic ear, showing that you care, and by referring them to resources like The Trevor Project. (from the Trevor Project Statement) One Step Closer to Justice, But Still a Long Way to Go By Barrett Ahn

Discrimination has a quantifiable effect on mental health. Due to this systemic discrimination, the rates of depression and suicidal thoughts are far higher due to constant stress. These mental strains also provoke many physical problems as well, like high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and issues around obesity. How does the Trevor Project help young LGBTQ people in crisis?

About 10 miles from where the Derek Chauvin trial was taking place, Daunte Wright, a 20-year-

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old Black man, was fatally shot by police officer Kim Potter. According to Chief Gannon of the Brooklyn Center Police Department, Wright was pulled over because of “expired registration tags.” Soon after, officers found that he had a warrant for his arrest. As Wright attempted to get back into his car, body camera footage showed Officer Kim Potter yelling “Taser” as she shot him with a handgun, killing him. An hour before the conviction of Derek Chauvin, a 16year-old girl was fatally shot by police in Columbus, Ohio. Her name was Ma’Khia Bryant. Bryant allegedly called officers when she was being threatened by “older kids” in front of her house. Columbus Police released body camera video where Interim Chief of Police Michael Woods describes how Bryant was holding a knife while trying to push away two other girls. Neighbors said she had the knife because she was being assaulted herself. Upon arrival at the scene, an officer shouted “Get down” before pulling the trigger, shooting in Bryant’s direction at least four times. As of this article, the details are still unknown. This past April, there have been many other police shootings, including that of 13-year-old Adam Toledo or that of unarmed Isaiah Brown. These black and brown victims are yet more names added to those killed by police brutality and underlying panic fueled by racism. Even with the use of body cameras and increased media attention, there has been no reduction in the racial disparity in fatal police shooting victims. Although the guilty verdict of Derek Chauvin concerning the murder of George Floyd provoked cheers and sobs of relief, it reflected how difficult it is to bring justice against police brutality. President Biden gave a nationwide address, praising the verdict and describing how “for so many, it feels like it took all of that for the judicial system to deliver just basic accountability,” something that is all “too rare.” Jelani Cobb, staff writer at The New Yorker, expressed how the trial strategy centered around a story of one man going rogue, instead of addressing the issues engrained in the whole system. “Everyone here in Minneapolis, all the people I’ve talked to, say the same thing: we all know how much work needs to

be done on the greater issue, on the issue of systemic racism.” The True Meaning of the Stay-at-Home Order during a Pandemic By Lillie Laing When the pandemic erupted last year, concerns about homeless vulnerability were severely debated. Another worry was raised when the stayat-home order was sanctioned, shedding a light on the importance of housing and its impacts on global health. The seriousness of connecting people to stable housing suddenly seemed crucial in order to obtain a healthy society while more than half a million individuals remain homeless in the United States. Thus today, these two important public safety issues collide as homelessness and coronavirus meet to generate new challenges for society to tackle on a daily basis. Homeless vulnerability goes far beyond the virus itself and has a long history to support its weight in society. Homelessness first arose in large numbers after the civil war where jobless veterans found themselves on the street with nowhere to go. In the 1950s, local governments enforced urban renewal projects which only further expanded homelessness all across the country. Later on came deindustrialization where families found themselves living from paycheck to paycheck. In the 1980s, a new wave of substantial homelessness hit the country where mass incarceration, the AIDS crisis, drug epidemics, gentrification, and expensive medical care that few people could afford were held responsible. The US Department of Education today suggests that 1.5 million public students experienced homelessness during 2017, indicating that homelessness affects all age groups. Even in California alone, 151,000 individuals are currently found victims of homelessness. Thus, homelessness has always been a prominent and growing community. Nevertheless, it has become especially crucial this past year to relieve homelessness in America.

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Direct aid such as masks, sanitation, food and water seem to only help in insignificant ways. Crowded shelters are no longer considered a solution because problems of social distancing and infection of coronavirus arise. So, how have homeless communities tried to comply with the stay-at-home order?

homelessness rates rising daily due to unemployment rates skyrocketing because of the pandemic, permanent measures need to be established for the future in order to fully support the homeless community. What we can hope is that one day society will be able to live in a world where a deadly pandemic is no longer feared and living on the streets is no longer a possibility.

On a larger scale, hotels have jumped on the opportunity of low rates of tourism and travel, to take advantage of empty hotel rooms to temporarily house homeless families for the first time ever. Local governments have also taken initiatives to relieve homelessness in many cities. Led by the San Francisco Department of Public Health, Project Roomkey sheltered 1000 individuals in the homeless community in San Francisco to prevent further spread and to liberate space in hospitals. With access to doctors, food and sanitation, the study showed that both individual and public health outcomes improved to support the fight against the pandemic within homeless communities. Another initiative taken by the California government is the Alexandria Park Village homeless facility. Located in Los Angeles, 103 shelter units were built in various colors to create an unconventional way of sheltering communities in an oddly shaped lot. While being durable, portable and affordable, this facility provides shelters supplying two beds along with access to social services such as outlets, health services, job training, AC and heat.

Alexandria Park Village in Los Angeles Although these measures have provided safety, housing and relief to homeless communities, these measures remain temporary. With current

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P opular C ulture å

15 Coming of Age Movies That Will Never Grow Old soundtrack and although not a comedy, per se, there By Lou Lou Safran are definitely scenes that will make you laugh out loud. Welcome back from Spring Break ’21, everybody! Hope y’all got some rest and watched some cool movies (maybe played some Minecraft?). In honor of us being kids who are gonna grow up at some point, here are 15 of my favorites coming of age movies. P.S. These are in order of oldest to newest.

I’ve got another Dustin Hoffman movie right here for you: “Midnight Cowboy” (1969, lol). A young "cowboy" heads from Texas to New York where he is convinced all women will fall for him. When the big city turns out to be harsher than he expected, he becomes friends with a Starting off strong with “Loneliness of a Long-Distance "cripple" (which he brings up MANY times throughout Runner” (1962). I hate running, but I am definitely lonely the movie) and starts a hustling career. The featured song is one of my favorites of all time and an alarming after this year so at least part of it is relatable. A rebellious teen (Tom Courtenay) from northern England amount of the dialogue sounds like that one video of that guy going "hey, hey, hey, I’m just a little guy.. I’m uses running as an escape from his bleak life. After being sent to a reform school, he gets put on the track just a little guy and it’s my birthday today… I’m a little birthday boy…c’mahhhhn, you’re gonna hit a little guy team and prepares for the race of his life against a on his birthday?" fancy rival school. A story of rebellion and dignity that has you rooting for the main character all the way and it has one of my favorite endings ever.

If you like both Simon AND Garfunkel (and the 60’s), “The Graduate” (1967) is most certainly for you. The story revolves around new adult Benjamin’s (Dustin Hoffman) fear of the unknown future and his absolutely scandalous affair with Mrs. Robinson, a very charming, bored housewife. A classic film with a classic

HERE WE HAVE ONE OF MY TOP 5 FAVORITE MOVIES OF ALL TIME… “The Strawberry Statement” (1970)!! Following the radicalization of college student Simon through increasingly intense protests, this film presents the end of the 60’s in all of their grit and glory. It is a captivating politically driven film that really gets you to understand the dynamic of the protests and the fight against the government in those years.

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Absolute cult classic, “Harold and Maude” (1971) brings together two completely opposite characters in the form of young, rich and obsessed with suicide Harold and 80year-old, fun loving Maude. Although both having wildly different problems, personalities and interests, they form an indestructible bond and both "come of age" in different stages of life. The film has a rare type of offbeat comedy that even having been written 50 years ago, still holds up perfectly today.

Really hitting y’all with all the spectacular soundtracks today, aren’t I? Here we are with “Saturday Night Fever” (1977), a film where the hype really *stays alive*. We follow Tony, a disco fanatic who still lives at home, trying to navigate love, his parents’ expectations and a huge upcoming dance competition.

This is a film adaptation of a Julian Mitchell play called “Another Country” (1984). Openly gay Guy and Marxist Tommy are two witty outcasts who become friends in a strict English boarding school in the 1930’s. Both dealing with bullying and trying to become head boy, the two are each other’s only hope.

Some more depressing boarding schoolboys for y’all in “Dead Poet’s Society” (1989). I cannot remember the last time I cried that many tears once a movie was over. A new teacher, Mr. Keating, opens a group of boys’ minds to the wonders of poetry and teaches them to seize the day while they face pressure from parents, friends and headmasters. Funniest thing is my English teacher this year is just as cool as Keating, so I’ve got bragging rights.

“Breaking Away” (1979) makes me nostalgic for something I’ve never had. Dave and his working-class friends do nothing but hang out and look for girls in their small Indiana town while dreaming of bigger things. All about young Dave’s love for bicycling, the film highlights how important perseverance and support from friends is.

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Ahh yes, my aesthetic: Robin Williams being supportive to boys with pretty privilege. “Good Will Hunting” (1997) follows a misguided genius janitor trying to reach his potential with the help of a manipulative professor and his unconventional therapist. Let’s face it, we’re all depressed burnouts so seeing someone be a genius, have friends and receive support hurts extra. It’s not our fault.

Another of my top 5 favorite movies, “Submarine” (2010) was written and directed by my favorite comedian, Richard Ayoade and it’s somehow the exact film embodiment of him. It tells the story of Oliver, a Welsh boy, who has fallen hopelessly in love with his feisty classmate, Jordana. His parents are going through a rough patch and the Welsh weather definitely doesn’t’t raise anybody’s spirits. The whole movie has my favorite tone I’ve ever seen, and I still haven’t found anything quite like it.

In honor of Prince Phillip’s death (finally), here’s a heartwarming film called “Pride” (2014), where a group of young, English lesbian and gay activists realize that the LGBT+ community and the striking miners share a common enemy: Margaret Thatcher. The story is heavily based on a true story and at least you’ll be crying happy tears instead of sad ones. Another one of my top 10 favorite movies, for sure.

The best way to describe this next movie is by saying that it’s exactly the type of movie Viggo Mortensen would be in. “Captain Fantastic” (2016). I was going to say that this is another one of my favorite movies, but I’ve said it too many times (it is, though). I love all these movies with all my heart. Ben and Leslie have decided to raise their six kids in the wilderness, teaching them to think for themselves and be able to defend themselves. They train them to be physically fit, and unbelievably sharp, demonstrating the beauty of learning and coexisting with nature. When Leslie’s health rapidly deteriorates, Ben is left to defend the whole family on his own.

“Eighth Grade” (2019) is written and directed by my second favorite comedian, Bo Burnham. Kayla is in the home stretch of eighth grade when she has to suffer through horrific American middle school and disastrous teenage hood. Honestly, I hated this movie the first time I watched it but mostly because I was uncomfortable. Now, it’s actually one of my favorite depictions of teenagers because, although extreme and a comedy, it’s painfully real. It shows the grit of growing up these days, unlike most movies which are either outdated or written to make parents feel better about their terrible parenting.

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Grammy for Album of the Year, which lasted until 2020 with Billie Eilish. The Fearless Tour grossed nearly $67 million, and the album sold over 12 million copies.

Another killer soundtrack for “Blinded by The Light” (2019). Javed, a Pakistani teenager deals with constant racism, his stubborn father, rocky friendships, his family’s economic stress and growing up in Luton, England, all to the tune of Bruce Springsteen’s discography. The film is based on a true story of a boy whose life was changed by The Boss. After reviewing the list of movies I chose, my only goal is to make you guys cry. You guys are gonna cry. I hope you guys watch a few and if you like them, you’ve got my email (just the standard lyceestudents.org)! Reach out and let me know what you thought :)

Fearless (Taylor’s Version): Why Rerecord? By Brady Keith

On November 11, 2008, Big Machine Records released Fearless, the second studio album of country singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. The album was a huge success: it was the best-selling album of 2009 and is the most awarded album in the history of country music. It was Album of the Year at the Grammys, the Country Music Association Awards, and the Academy of Country Music Awards. Taylor Swift became the youngest artist (at 20) to win a

Clearly, Fearless was a monumental achievement for Taylor Swift. However, it was not hers solely. Like most artists, Swift owns the rights to her lyrics but gave away the rights to her masters (the actual recordings of the songs) to her record label, Big Machine Records, a standard industry practice. In 2019, the label was sold to Scooter Braun, a talent manager, therefore gaining the rights to these masters. Taylor Swift publicly denounced the deal, saying that she “pleaded for a chance to own my work” but was instead offered to gain one album back for every new album she gave them. She described Braun as an “incessant, manipulative bully” who was trying to dismantle her career after bullying her for years. Taylor Swift’s very public conflict with her record label was viewed as trailblazing: as a very well-known singer, she is, according to Rolling Stone Magazine, “establishing herself as a self-made artist who calls her own shots” and who is fighting for artist’s rights. Swift now has a different record label, Universal Music Group, and fully owns her more recent albums’ masters (“Lover” (2019), “Folklore” (2020), and “Evermore” (2020)). However, her first six albums (“Taylor Swift” (2006), “Fearless” (2008), “Speak Now” (2010), “Red” (2012), “1989” (2014), “Reputation” (2017)) were still under the ownership of her old record label, now owned by Shamrock Holdings. Her biggest hits from these albums were still being used for profit, so what can she do? In August 2019, Taylor Swift announced that she would be re-recording all of her own songs. Since she owns the lyrics, re-recording all of these songs would allow her to fully own her music and use the new audio tracks for commercial use. This will devalue the value of the old masters and allow her to gain back the rights to her own music. On April 9th, Swift released the first rerecorded album, Fearless (Taylor’s Version), along with six never-before released

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“From the Vault” tracks, with collabs with Maren Morris and Keith Urban. The album broke many records: it had the biggest opening week in the U.S. since her last album, “Evermore” and quickly became the top song on Apple Music. She broke the record for the fastest any artist has gained three number one albums, achieving it in 259, beating the Beatles’ 364 days. She has not announced which album she will be rerecording next, though, at this rate, it is sure to be another success, both for its commercial performance, and for Taylor’s own goals of making sure she has the right to own the very songs she spent her lifetime creating. Because sometimes, as Taylor Swift once sung, you just have to “shake it off.” Yoshitomo Nara at the LACMA By Jolie Feld

The Los Angeles County Museum of Art or LACMA, reopened its doors recently, starting April 1st 2021. The museum sat empty for a year, due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, though half of the museum has been under construction for renovation throughout the year. The LACMA opened Yoshitomo Nara, the first international retrospective of artist Yoshitomo Nara, right before the beginning of the pandemic, but had to close it immediately after. The exhibition is now available to the public once again, and I visited it recently, and definitely recommend it. The exhibition covers more than 30 years of the artist’s work through the lens of his longtime passion to music. Curated by guest curator, Mika Yoshitake, the exhibition comprises more than 100 major works, including paintings, drawings, sculpture, ceramics, an installation that recreates his drawing studio, and

never-before-exhibited idea sketches that reflect the artist’s emotions. To give some more background on the exhibition, here is a little bit about the artist’s background. Yoshitomo Nara was born in 1959 in Hirosaki, a city known for its traditional Edo Period (1603-1868) architecture and cherry blossom trees, in Japan’s mountainous northern Aomori Prefecture. The youngest of three boys of working parents, he spent much of his free time lost in Japanese comic books. Nara moved to Tokyo in his teens, and then to Nagakute when he was 21 to study art at the Aichi University of the Arts, before leaving Japan for Germany. At the prestigious Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, where he studied from 1988 to 1993, Nara became fascinated with Neo-Expressionism and punk rock; both of these movements would shape his artistic style. He settled in Cologne in 1994, a pivotal time for the artist as he began to incorporate Japanese and Western popular culture into his work. In his work, he began fusing elements from his past; he painted portraits of children with facial features adopted from traditional Japanese Otafuku and Okame theatrical masks, and in poses lifted from the manga he read as a child. Overall, I found the exhibition fascinating, as the artist’s style was very unique and the expression in each piece was beautiful. The exhibition ranges from paintings, to sketches, to sculptures, and even fountains. All together, it was beautifully curated, and I would recommend visiting it over a weekend, it is definitely worth your time.

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Top 5 Places to Eat in Los Angeles By Lillie Laing 1. Hide Sushi (for Japanese food lovers!) Hide Sushi is a secret hideaway favorite for sushi lovers. Sushi is fresh and always delicious (with no exceptions) as well as their chicken teriyaki and tempura. The only challenge of eating at that restaurant is getting a table and its cash only.

2. The Palace (for Chinese food lovers!) This restaurant is a popular hangout for classic dim sum. They offer exceptional service and great takeout options. Like Hide Sushi, the restaurant is always crowded on weekends, but the wait is always worth it! This restaurant never disappoints me.

3. Jon & Vinny’s Brentwood (for Italian-American delights)

Jon & Vinny’s is the perfect location for a great meal, weeknight dinner with your friends or takeout for a night in front of your TV. This restaurant is an ideal place for a simple but perfect pasta dish for any occasion. 4. Bon Temps (for French classics)

This modern bistro does everything from elegant dining-style to incredible refined pastries. The location itself is just a few steps from the ocean making it the ideal place to pick up pastries on your way to the beach! 5. Mariscos Jalisco (for the best tacos in LA!)

At this “tacos de camarón” experience, after shelling out barely 3 dollars for two tacos, you will find yourself in absolute paradise. Enjoy!

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Divers ity P ag e Carlos Finlay: The Scientist Ignored By Amanda Penichet

the workforce had died each year from yellow fever and malaria! After his death in August of 1915, the Cuban Revolutionary Government founded a medical history museum in honor of Carlos J. Finlay in 1962 – a tribute that was well deserved, to say the least. OPINON PIECE

George Floyd’s Trial: Everything You Need to Know By Brady Keith

Cuban epidemiologist Carlos Finlay’s discovery of how yellow fever is transmitted – from a mosquito to a healthy human – would later pave the way for our understanding of how we could potentially combat this disease. However, it was only after decades of being ignored and ridiculed that Finlay was finally accredited for his groundbreaking research.

[Written before the trial ended] The day was May 25, 2020. People all around the country were beginning to see a disturbing video circulating around social media, in which a policeman puts his knee on a black man’s neck for almost ten minutes, while he screams for help, saying “I can’t breathe.” George rd Carlos Juan Finlay was born on December 3 , 1833 in Floyd’s death sparked worldwide protests, outrage, Puerto Principe, Cuba. Finlay carried out his work as an and petitions demanding justice. Derek Chauvin, the ophthalmologist and epidemiologist during the 1870s. In police officer, was charged with third-degree murder 1881, he became the first physician to theorize that a and second-degree manslaughter. This week, while mosquito was a carrier – now known as a disease more protests arose from the death of Daunte vector – of the organism that causes yellow fever: a Wright just ten miles away from where George Floyd mosquito that bites a victim of the disease could was killed, Derek Chauvin’s trial continues into its subsequently bite and consequentially infect an third week. otherwise healthy individual. Unfortunately for Finlay, while his results were published, his work was scoffed at due to his 'mediocre' background. Finally – nearly twenty years later – his hypothesis and exhaustive proofs were confirmed by the Walter Reed Commission of 1900. This discovery helped to reduce the incidence and prevalence of mosquito-borne diseases in Panama during the American campaign (from 1903 and on) to construct the Panama Canal. Prior to this, about 10% of

So far, prosecutors have called George Floyd’s brother, Philonise, to the stand, who testified that his brother was respectful and “a mama’s boy.” They have had 38 witnesses testify in the span of 11 days, including doctors and experts who agreed that Chauvin used excessive force that caused the unwarranted death of George Floyd. The former police officer disagreed, stating before the trial that

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Floyd was killed by a drug overdose and a prior heart condition. He pleads not guilty. According to his lawyers, "The use of force is not attractive, but it is a necessary component of policing." Did Chauvin do exactly what he was trained to do, or does the excessive force displayed by video evidence constitute a “dangerous and unreasonable” behavior that resulted in the unwarranted death of George Floyd? The trial is set to come to an end within the next two weeks, where we will find out Derek Chauvin’s verdict and fate. This long-anticipated trial is one of many firsts. According to CNN, Derek Chauvin was the first white police officer in the state of Minnesota to be charged with the death of a black civilian. This trial is the first time a trial in Minnesota has been allowed to be filmed and broadcasted. After international outrage and massive protests across the United States, this trial is highly publicized and will anger many no matter the verdict. This trial will set a precedent; not only for the upcoming trials of the other officers involved in the arrest and death of George Floyd, but for many other cases of police brutality and excessive force. This trial is extremely important for the future of the police and its public perception. Derek Chauvin is just one example of growing tensions in this country and distrust of the police. People – especially African Americans – in the United States are, both figuratively and literally, being suffocated. OPINON PIECE What Chauvin’s Verdict Means for the Future By Satya Amin Derek Chauvin, the police officer responsible for the death of George Floyd was found guilty last Tuesday April 20th. This decision was historic as it marked actual accountability being held for a police officer killed by the police. This is even said to be the most influential race relations verdict to be reached in the last half century. It is this verdict that differentiates the Floyd case from that of Breonna Taylor, Trayvon Martin and even Rodney King, a black man whose assault by the police caused large scale protests throughout the LA area, similar to those for Floyd. However, in all those cases the police officers were either not charged or if they were charged, they were found not guilty.

In past incidents of a similar nature, two things usually tend to happen. The first is that people tend to move on from these deaths rather quickly. There are protests and posts that last a while but then once the police officer responsible for the attack is charged, the public tends to believe that this means justice has been served and they move on. In truth, however, being charged for a crime is only the beginning of the plight. However, in this case, the momentum continued into the trial, marking a turning point in public perception of achieving accountability for police brutality. The second thing that usually happens is that the police tend to protect their own. This case was the first time that we saw a chief of police stand against his own and denounce one of his own officers for acting against proper protocol. This marked a change in holding police officers accountable for their actions and was a major advantage for the prosecution in furthering their case. The police are seen as an almost mafia-like brotherhood that protects their own and the George Floyd trial for the first time marked a breaking up of the secret protection. As a result, there is no doubt that this George Floyd trial was historic and will have an important place in American history similar to that of Emmet Till. The controversy rises however in the question of whether or not this event, historic or not, will have an impact on the future and future interactions with the police. Does this now mean that when the George Floyds and Derek Chauvins of the world encounter each other in the future, both will be able to go home safely, or the next time a police officer is tried with murder he will be convicted just like Chauvin. This is where most people say no. Looking at this case as anything more than the result of a large push by public opinion and even an anomaly may be unrealistic. One case is not going to redefine race relations in America. What can be hoped for, however, is that this one case will lead government officials and legislators to realize that incidents will keep coming up in which the public fights back until they implement legislation to help redefine race relations in America. We saw the beginning of this through Biden’s acknowledgement of the verdict, its significance and even personally calling George Floyd’s family. Black America has gained the U.S government’s attention and now the question is what will they do with it.

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Rosalind Brewer by Jane Weitz

amid the pandemic and tasked with overseeing the drugstore chain’s Covid-19 vaccine rollout.

In March, Rosalind Brewer, who currently serves as Starbucks’ chief operating officer, will be starting a new position as CEO of drugstore chain Walgreens Boots Alliance. When she steps into this new role, she will be the only Black woman currently leading a Fortune 500 firm, and just the third Black woman in history to serve as a Fortune 500 CEO. Ursula Burns, who served as CEO of Xerox between 2009 and 2016 was the first, and Mary Winston, who served as interim CEO at Bed Bath & Beyond in 2019, was the second. Brewer, who joined Starbucks in 2017 as the company’s first Black and first woman COO, previously spent five years serving as the CEO of Sam’s Club, which is owned by Walmart. Prior to working for Walmart, she spent 22 years working for manufacturing company Kimberly-Clark, where she started her career as a scientist and eventually worked her way up to being president of the company’s Global Nonwovens Sector in 2004. As a longtime executive in corporate America, Brewer has been transparent about the challenges she faced as one of very few Black women in the C-Suite. “When you’re a Black woman, you get mistaken a lot,” she said during a 2018 speech at her alma mater, Spelman College. “You get mistaken as someone who could actually not have that top job. Sometimes you’re mistaken for kitchen help. Sometimes people assume you’re in the wrong place, and all I can think in the back of my head is, ‘No, you’re in the wrong place.’” As Walgreens’ next CEO, Brewer will be responsible for improving the company’s revenue

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L et’s T ac o B out F ood

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Blueberry Crumble Cake Recipe By Jolie Feld This is a really great cake recipe for any occasion and is pretty simple if you follow the recipe. My little sister and I make it all the time, and it is perfect for having guests over or family dinners. Ingredient Checklist: • 2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour • 1 teaspoon baking soda • 1 teaspoon baking powder • 1/4 teaspoon salt • 10 tablespoons (1 1/4 sticks) unsalted butter, room temperature, plus more for pan • 1 cup granulated sugar • 3 large eggs • 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract • 1 1/4 cups sour cream • 3 cups blueberries • Confectioners' sugar, for topping (optional)

Best Vegan Banana Bread By Tifaine Tordjmann

Although I know the banana bread trend during Covid19 has already passed, it feels only right that I share this AMAZING recipe, that not only tastes great, but is also super healthy and good for you, and does great for the environment, being vegan:) This recipe will prove to you that even recipes that don’t have dairy and eggs can still taste BOMB. Recipe: Makes one loaf, about 8 servings? Preheat oven to 350 degrees

Ingredients: 1/4 cup coconut oil 1/2 cup brown sugar (coconut sugar also works for a healthier alternative. You can use ¼ to 1 cup of sugar, depending on how sweet you like it) 2 flax “eggs” (1 flax egg= 1tbsp flax meal + 3tbsp Instructions: First, preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Into a medium water) (you can also use chia seeds instead of flax, or 6tbsp applesauce) bowl, sift together flour, baking soda, baking powder, and salt. Butter a 9-inch square baking pan. In the bowl 3 bananas (as ripe as you can get em!!) 1 1/2 cup flour of an electric mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, cream butter and granulated sugar until light and fluffy, 1 1/2 tsp baking soda Pinch of cinnamon about 4 minutes. Add eggs, one at a time, until well Dash of vanilla extract combined. Add vanilla and beat until combined. Add reserved flour mixture and the sour cream and beat just OPTIONAL: a handful of chocolate chips (I personally prefer no chocolate) until well combined. Fold in 2 cups of blueberries. OPTIONAL: crushed walnuts (10/10 RECOMMEND) Spoon batter into prepared pan. Toss remaining cup blueberries with the crumb topping. Sprinkle crumb Mix coconut oil + sugar first in a big bowl. Then add topping over cake. Bake until golden brown and cake the rest of the ingredients. Mix well and transfer to a tester comes out clean, 50 to 60 minutes. Dust with confectioners' sugar before serving.

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greased loaf pan. Bake for 40 mins. Let sit for 10 minutes. PS: tastes best the day later after it’s been in the fridge overnight and re-heated!! Not sure why but trust me.

French Chocolate Madeleines By Lillie Laing A recipe for simple, classic chocolate madeleines - little French cakes that are combination cake and cookie, soft on the inside with a thin, crisp curst on the outside. This recipe is simple, but you do need a madeleine pan like this one to make them. Prep time - 20 minutes Cook time - 12 minutes Servings - 24 madeleines

1. Brush a madeleine baking pan with the melted butter. 2. Put remaining butter and the chocolate in the top of a double boiler or in a heatproof bowl set over a pan of simmering water (be sure the water doesn’t touch the bowl). Heat until chocolate and butter are almost melted, 3-5 minutes. Remove from heat and stir together until smooth. 3. Sift powdered sugar, flour, cocoa and salt into a bowl using a mesh strainer. 4. Beat egg whites in a large bowl with an electric mixer or by hand until very frothy, about 2 minutes. Stir in flour mixture until combined. Add chocolate mixture and mix with a spatula until well blended. 5. Portion batter into the pan, filling each cup with about 1 heaping tablespoon of batter. Chill in the refrigerator one hour. If your pan makes only 12 at a time, chill remaining batter in a bowl and bake in batches. 6. Preheat oven to 375 degrees. 7. Bake about 12 minutes, or until madeleines are springy to touch. Cool in pan 1 minute, then unmold madeleines onto a rack. Serve warm or at room temperature. Basic Crepe Recipe By Lillie Laing Here is a simple but delicious crepe batter which can be made in minutes. It’s made from ingredients that everyone has at home!

Ingredients:

- 1 tablespoon (15 ml) melted butter - 10 tablespoons (150 g) butter - 6 ounces (175g) dark or bittersweet chocolate, chopped

-

1 1/2 cups (180 g) powdered confectioners sugar 1/2 (70 g) all-purpose flour 1/2 (55 g) unsweetened cocoa powder

Ingredients:

1/2 teaspoon salt

-

6 (185 ml) large egg whites (3/4 cup)

Instructions:

1 cup all-purpose flour 2 eggs 1/2 cup milk 1/2 cup water 1/4 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons butter, melted

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Directions: Step 1: In a large mixing bowl, whisk together the flour and the eggs. Gradually add in the milk and water, stirring to combine. Add the salt and butter; beat until smooth. Step 2: Heat a lightly oiled griddle or frying pan over medium high heat. Pour or scoop the batter onto the griddle, spreading a PAPER-THIN amount in the pan. Tilt the pan with a circular motion so that the batter coats the surface evenly. Step 3: Cook the crepe for about 2 minutes, until the bottom is light brown. Loosen with a spatula, turn and cook the other side. Serve hot. Step 4: Add fruits, syrup, chocolate spreading or any other of your toppings and enjoy!

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S oup for the S oul OPINON PIECE Are Pronouns Important? Yes. By Barrett Ahn

Using the correct pronoun conveys respect and acceptance and can improve overall wellbeing. In 2018, a study showed that using chosen names reduces the odds of depression and suicide for transgender youth. Mistakes can happen. But instead of drawing more attention to it, which might make the other person uncomfortable, you should “apologize quickly and sincerely, then move forward,” says GLAAD, a nonprofit organization dedicated to LGBTQ acceptance and cultural change.

She/her. He/him. They/them. These pronouns seem like simple words, said flippantly to another person during casual conversation or used to address strangers. Many wonders if they matter at all. The answer to this confusion is quite clear—yes, pronouns are important and no, it is not a generational thing. Pronouns are part of our identity, and as much as some are resistant to this idea, they can be as malleable as clay and as flexible as we want it to be. They make up our gender expression, “how we choose to express our gender in public,” as the Trevor Project explains it, from the way someone dresses to how they behave.

Today, gender-neutral pronouns like “they” are used in transgender and nonbinary communities, but also in mainstream practices. Whether it be in the short bios on social media, the student’s name placards at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, or in the alerts Lyft sends when the driver has arrived, pronouns are used and acknowledged everywhere. Pronouns are small words, but they have a big impact. They can be used to enforce gender norms or, on the contrary, they can broaden and erase the boundaries of what gender means in a society. Organizations like the Trevor Project, GLAAD, and the LGBT Life Center are just a few in a whole network of establishments dedicated to helping the LGBTQ community. The least we can do is to get with the times and use the right pronouns.

Some dismiss their importance, ignoring the proper use of them completely. Others get angered by the change, ranting about our nonconformist ways. These Desert X opponents reflect a tendency to adhere to the status By Jolie Feld quo and to view anything that is new in a negative light. On February 25th of 2017, Desert Biennial, a nonprofit organization created in 2015 commenced the But the assumptions that people make about the first annual Desert X Art Festival. Desert X is a highly gender of another person, solely based on their contemporary outdoor art exhibition, spread through appearance or their name, can be offensive, hurtful, the Coachella Valley and general Palm Springs area, and can cause stress and anxiety. They send a in Southern California. Each exhibit is unique in its “potentially harmful message—that people have to look location, some pieces are placed in sculpture gardens, a certain way to demonstrate the gender that they are others in remote desert land. The event’s or are not.” headquarters are based in the Ace Hotel and Swim Club, a mid-century modern style resort just outside of

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downtown Palm Springs. At the hotel, volunteers work with festival attendees to point out the numerous exhibits on the map, as well as direct them to the Desert X app, a mobile app that serves as a sort of Google Maps, directing you to each and every piece, with information about the artists and the meaning behind the pieces. The festival occurs every 2 years, and my family and I began to attend in 2019, after reading about it in the Los Angeles Times. The festival began with larger-than-life contemporary sculptures, in bright, neon colors as we entered Palm Springs. The map leads us to a virtual exhibit placed among the iconic wind farm on the edge of the town, and remote desert locations with beautiful glass sculptures. The exhibit sprawled far across the area, stretching out to the Salton Sea, where two exhibits were situated, one virtual and the other a meaningful sculpture floating on the water.

land nestled between the Palm Desert Chamber of Commerce and a CVS Pharmacy. The artist describes it as a “unglamorous 1950s proletariat kit home becomes a beacon for conversations about class, sustainability, capitalism, public land, and the commons’'.

Overall, I would highly recommend visiting Desert X in Palm Springs if you have the chance, before it closes in early May. It is definitely worth the 2-hour drive from Los Angeles and the blistering desert heat. I promise, no matter what, there will be one piece that resonates with you or that you particularly enjoy; it really is a fantastic experience.

Why you Should Start Drinking Chlorophyll Water by Blanche Powell This year, we were not even sure if the exhibition would occur, with all of the added trouble due to the worldwide COVID-19 disaster. Fortunately, the artists persisted in their craft, and put together a smaller, yet equally interesting exhibition that opened on March 25. We drove out to Palm Springs and were mesmerized by the first of the 10 exhibits, a sprawling white sign placed by artist Nicholas Galanin, near the aerial tramway entrance, labelled with the words “INDIAN LAND'' referring to the local Native American tribes of the area. Each exhibit we viewed was thought provoking and held deep and very relevant meanings. Though there were only 10 exhibits, we enjoyed every single one, as we drove through the desert searching for the next one. We walked through an enormous triangular maze in Palm Desert, a piece titled “The Passenger” by Eduardo Sarabia. Some of my personal favorite pieces included “The Wishing Well” by Serge Attukwei Clottey, a sculptural installation of large-scale cubes draped with sheets of woven pieces of yellow plastic Kufuor gallons used to transport water in Ghana. A second exhibit I was fascinated by was Kim Stringfellow’s Jackrabbit Homestead, a 112-square-foot cabin on a small patch of

Water is a necessity for our survival, so constant hydration is one of the most important things for our well-being. The recommended amount of water intake per day is around 100 ounces. However, from experience, I know that a good majority of people do not drink enough water. Even though “not liking” the taste of water may seem like a bizarre opinion to most people, I can understand why people might just be lazy or unmotivated to hydrate themselves, not necessarily understanding the importance of it. I present you with a solution: chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is any of several related green pigments found in the mesosomes of cyanobacteria and in the chloroplasts of algae and plants. Basically, it's what gives plants a green color and it keeps them healthy. You may be thinking: How does this have anything to do with my hydration? Well, if you don’t already know, chlorophyll can be taken as a health supplement. It comes in the form of

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pills, capsules, ointments, sprays, skincare or liquid versions. I hope you get my gist by now. You can put the liquid form in water!

It gives a green pigment to water, but don't let that scare you away from using it. It barely tastes like anything, even if you add a lot, and it can have a light minty taste which isn't unpleasant at all; I quite enjoy There are many amazing benefits to this: it! The green color is even very aesthetically pleasing. There are a couple of cons though; your tongue will 1. Anti-Aging Remedy: It helps with signs of aging and have a green tint and you have to be careful because makes you look more youthful. (You can buy face it is very pigmented, so be careful to not spill it all creams that contain chlorophyll in it too!) over your Lycée blouse (been there, done that). 2. Acne treatment: If you drink the water regularly it has proven to clear up acne and leave you with a glowing complexion 3. You feel an overall improvement in your health: stimulating the immune system, eliminating fungus in the body, detoxifying your blood, cleaning your intestines. 4. Deodorant properties: If you drink this regularly it acts as internal deodorant, so your sweat doesn't smell anymore; pretty cool, right? 5. Increased energy: It boosts you like coffee would and is a much healthier alternative. 6. Skin healing: It reduces inflammation and bacterial growth in skin wounds. 7. Motivates you to drink more water

You can obtain this at any health food stores (Whole Foods, Erewhon, Bristol Farms...), drug stores, or even online (Amazon, Walmart…) in any of the forms you would prefer taking! I recommend the droplet/liquid version because it's so easy to use! You can even make your own! All you have to do is put the green part of the vegetable and water in a blender, then strain to obtain a chlorophyll concentrate. Add one or two teaspoons to your beverage! You can also use it as a natural food and clothing dye. Overall, chlorophyll is a great source of antioxidants that you will not regret adding to your daily routine!

I can back most of these up! I feel much healthier, I barely get any acne (however, don’t think that it will magically clear any form of acne, we are teenagers so hormonal acne is completely normal), when I need a boost and don’t feel like coffee, I always drink chlorophyll!

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P oetry The Seafarer by Nightingale In the midst of a faraway ocean, At the heart of an unknown sea, Wandered a wise old thespian, Singing in sounding spree. He deemed the dancing destiny, And dreamed a myriad dreams; Setting sail for the serene sea, He sought the ocean seams. Where whirling waters whisked away, Where the wind swept swooshing sands, Thespian, thou shalt go astray Ne’er hindered by holding hands.

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GR E E N PAGE Borrowing Nature’s Blueprints for Photosynthesis By Janna Freedman Cornell University is using methods borrowed from plants to absorb solar energy at a large scale while sequestering carbon dioxide from the air to harvest it into usable biofuel. The key method is letting microbes (microorganisms associated with fermentation or disease) do all the work. Photosynthesis is a process in a plant by which they turn the energy from sunlight into chemical energy. The light energy excites electrons within the plants' pigments, causing them to rise to a higher energy level. These electrons then aid the plant in the conversion of internal acids to a substantial selffueling product. Buz Barstow, assistant professor of biological and environmental engineering at Cornell University, and doctoral candidate Farshid Salimijazi have assembled a cost-efficient model that calculates microbe efficiency, which could take in and store carbon dioxide five times more effectively than photosynthesis in plants.

density hydrocarbon fuels for that sector, which is still marginally better than carbon expansion. The team is conducting more research as to which microbe would be most productive with the system. This new method of reproducing photosynthesis in plants with engineered microbes would potentially aid and solve the carbon footprint generated by our actions. These microbes can be used on-demand to create low-carbon transportation fuels without digging for oil or getting gas out of the ground and to store large amounts of energy in a cheap and clean way. Such developments are massive steps towards limiting the carbon dioxide greenhouse gas emissions, which up to this day remain major threats to climate change and our air quality.

Electro microbial production technologies fuse biology and electronics so that energy gathered from wind, sun, and water can get converted into renewable electricity in the form of energy-storage polymers (engineered microbes). The researchers suggest taking advantage of microbial electrosynthesis, where incoming electrons are fed directly to an engineered microbe, which would convert carbon dioxide into non-carbon molecules. The model would convert the CO2 into a hydrocarbon fuel -- effectively neutralizing the carbon cycle, resulting in net-zero carbon emissions from the fabricated photosynthesis. The future model will also include great storage and absorption of this renewable energy. Postdoctoral researcher Alexa Schmitz, a member of Barstow's lab, said a lot of machinery in aviation may still need low-

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Climate Crew By Lou-Andrea Goss & the Climate Crew Club The following posters and infographics were created by The Climate Crew Club for the Lycée community. With topics ranging from environmental racism to global warming, we hope as a club that these visuals urge the Lycée community to take action involving the fight for a green planet!

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We hope you enjoyed!! - The Climate Crew

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Horos c opes B y L illie L aing

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Holiday G ames B y L orraine L annes

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Doodle Space!

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E lla F ern (c over art) Angelique Bosc Amanda Penichet Blanche Powell Brady Keith Barrett Ahn Chloe Dumortier Jane Weitz Janna Freedman Jolie Feld Lorraine Lannes Lou Andrea Goss Lou Lou Safran Nightingale Pablo Garms Satya Amin Tifaine Tordjmann

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Profile for Le LyceeLA

The ROAR - Summer 2021  

LyceeLA high school student-led newspaper

The ROAR - Summer 2021  

LyceeLA high school student-led newspaper

Profile for lyceela

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