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Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

Hungary Welcomes You!

Reception booklet of AIESEC Hungary 2011/2012


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012 Dear Intern,

First of all congratulations for being matched with Hungary.We are sure that you are in in the right place and you choosed the best internship for you!

This booklet was created for you by the Reception working group of Hungary.We included most of the information about the country and its characteristics.You can find the practical informations in the preparation booklet.

We suggest you to take part in all of the reception activities and being involved to your host Local Commitee.There a lot of possibilities for being involved and to get to know the capital and also the countryside part.

Welcome in Hungary and have a memorable internship.

Reception Working Group 11.12

You can tread about the following topics in the booklet

1.General information

2.Geography 3.Budapest-the city of bath 4.Countryside cities 5.Culture 6.Economy 7.Gastronomy 8.Wheather,clothing 9.Useful words 10.Money,prices and costs 11.National holidays


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

1.General information

Official name:Hungarian Republic

Capital:Budapest

Official language:Hungarian Currency:Forint(HUF) Country call number:+36

2.Geography

Hungary is situated in the Carpathian Basin in Central Europe. It has boundaries, shared with Austria, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Romania, Ukraine and Slovakia. The highest point in the country is Kékes (1,014 m) in the Mátra Mountains north-east from Budapest. The lowest spot is 78 meters above sea level, located in the south of Hungary, near Szeged.

The major rivers in the country are the Danube and Tisza, which divide Hungary into 3 parts. Lake Balaton, the largest, which is a famous tourist destination. Hungarians often refer to it as the Hungarian Sea. It is Central Europe's largest freshwater lake and an important recreation area. Smaller bodies of water are Lake Velence and Lake Fertő. Lake Hévíz, the largest thermal lake in the world.


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

The Great Alföld contains the basin of the Tisza River and its branches. It encompasses more than half of the country's territory. Hungarians have inhabited the Great Plain for at least a millennium. Here is found the puszta, a long, and uncultivated expanse (the most famous such area still in existence is the Hortobágy), with which much Hungarian folklore is associated. It was the home of massive herds of cattle and horses.

3.Budapest-The city of bath

The country‟s political,cultural,historical and commercial center. The EU 9th most populous capital city The capitaly city was united in 1873 by 3 parts:Buda,Pest and Óbuda.Itis the Danube river which divide the city.On its right side we can find Buda with its hills and on the left side we can find Pest which is a flatland.

It has more than 80 thermal,mineral watersources 220 museum and galery in each topics 40 theatres and opeare houses


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

Sightseeing in the city Buda Castle It was build during the middle-ages and got his final shape during the 17-19th centuries. Now it contains several famous museums and galeries like National SzĂŠchenyi Library, Hungarian National Galery, Budapest Historical Museum

Parliament It is the symbol of the Danube panorama.It is the biggest Parliament building in the world.The building crown and regalias.

guard the Hungarian


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

Hungarian National Museum It contains the country‟s most significant scientific collection.The museum has a wide range of exhibitions:Hungarian history from the beginning till the 1990s.

Opera House One of the leading Opera House in Europe.It has several famous bandmaster like Erkel Ferenc,Otto Klemperer.

Hero’s square In the middle archangel statue takes place and around this the statue of the 7 chief and the most outstanding kings and leader‟s of the country.


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012 City center It has several famous places.The most common are the Vörösmarty square and the Váci utca/Fashion street/ Váci utca is the most famous mall int he city where you can find every kind of shops,restaurants and cafés. The Danube prom is also a well-known place which is situated between the Chainbridge and Elisabeth-bridge.

Bridges in Budapest There are 7 bridges which connect Buda and Pest.The oldest one is the Chain-Bridge which was built in 1849. In the city center you meet the

Chain-Bridge

Liberty-bridge


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

4.Countryside cities Balaton The beauty and the thousand appearances of Lake Balaton captivate the curious tourists. It is the largest lake of Central Europe, its length is 77 kilometers. The region holds countless unique recreational facilities, secrets and experiences for the guests. Its eastern peak is 100 kms far away from Budapest. Eger Eger is a city of grape and wines. Its fort offers an excellent view of the beautiful downtown. The city, with its glorious historical past, minarets and palaces is a place of thermal baths, good food, wine and of course, good cheer. It is 125 kms far from Budapest. Pécs Mysterious crypts from the Roman Age, Turkish djamis with cupolas, a slim minaret, exquisite Zsolnay-ceramics, grandiose Csontváry-paintings, decorative Vasarely-patterns, almond-trees blooming early in spring, restaurants and cafeterias with pleasant atmosphere: this is Pécs. The city is 200 kms far from Budapest to the South. Sopron The city which is one of the most abundant ones in historical sights in whole Hungary is Sopron. It is a small town, wreathed by the Lővér Hills covered in pine forests and vineyards producing excellent wine. It is situated by the Austrian-Hungarian border, 220 kms from Budapest and 60 kms from Vienna. Szeged The number of sunny days is 2100 hours a year, therefore this town, at the junction of the rivers Tisza and Maros, is often called the "town of sunshine". Szeged is situated 170 kms far from Budapest to south-east.


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

5.Hungarian culture Traditional clothing It combines the Western and East impacts in its elements.In the territory of the country regions has own clothing which were also the part of their identity. It is common to have more colours especially blue and red.Now people don‟t wear traditional clothes just in national holidays.

Folk music The Hungarian folk music is quite diverse as contains Turkish and Finnish elements as well.The number of the known folk songs are more than 100 000. Get to know the music by some video: Nox http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DVNKa8FseJQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A2bTG0ZZGI Csík zenekar: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6NbXt9ubrUU We also have several famous artists like

Csontváry Kosztka Tivadar


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

History The most important moments of the history

996:Occupation of the Carpathian basin

1000:Establishing the Hungarian state by Saint Stephen

1000-1301:The reign of the first Hungarian monarchy who were Árpádházi

1453:The reign of Mathis king who was Mathias „the fair”

16-17th century:Turkish coohabitance

17-19th

century:Hungarian-Austrian Monarchy

1956 revolution

1989:Statement of Hungarian republic


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

6.Economy Hungary is the member of the OECD and European Union.

Agriculture sells a lot of products in the whole EU.The main products are:wine,galloway and wheat. The country is quite poor in raw materials.It attract the Finance activities,property investment and economic service. It is the service sector which is growing continously.During the last decades huge investment was made in logistic and transportation sector and also a lot of multinational company establish new firms in Hungary.

7.Food and Gastronomy The Hungarian cuisine is a significant part of the Hungarian culture, it is diverse, creative assortment of meals, and it has unique and characteristic tastes. Our cuisine culture is a result of more than a thousand year of historical development, which is based on natural capabilities of Hungary, but enough of the boring history, let‟s see how it goes in everyday life.

Traditional Hungarian dishes are primarily based on meats, seasonal vegetables, fruits, fresh bread, cheeses and honey. The most popular food in Hungary are „pörkölt‟ (stew), goulash soup, fisherman‟s soup, stuffed cabbage, paprika potatoes, bean soup, „túrós csusza‟ – curd dumplings (paste with curd cheese, clotted cream, and a little bacon, and Somló sponge cake, Dobos cake.


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012 Our recipes are based on centuries-old traditions of spicing and preparation methods. So meal times have a significant role in our lifes, you won‟t starve here  According to the 10 best Hungarian Restaurants list, here you can find the best restaurant‟s webpage:

http://www.bockbisztro.hu/en/

8.Weather and clothing Our climate is temperate continental, so you can find every kind of weather and temperature, you have to be prepared for every case  There are a lot of differences between the 4 seasons. The coldest month is January, the hottest is July. Average temperature by months(in Celsius) January -1,6

February 1,1

March 5,5

April 11

May 16

June 19

July 20,8

August 20,2

September 16,4

October 11

November 4,8

Although weather can make us surprised for time to time, so as our mothers said „you should always wear more strata‟. In the winter time, temperature can be really low, don‟t forget your winter coat at home.

For present weather you can check this website: http://weather.yahoo.com/hungary/budapest/budapest-804365/

December 0,4


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

9.Useful words Maybe I will disappoint some of you, but this part isn‟t about the bad words  Greetings Hello – Hello, Szia (you can use it to say goodbye as well) Good morning – Jó reggelt! Good afternoon – Jó napot! Good evening – Jó estét!

Basic expressions How are you? Fine, thank you Thank you Thank you very much Nice to meet you Please You‟re welcome What‟s your name? My name is…. Yes No Sorry Excuse me Goodbye I can‟t speak Hungarian Do you speak English? I don‟t understand Where is the toilet?

Hogy vagy? Köszönöm, jól vagyok. Köszönöm, köszi nagyon szépen köszönöm Örülök a találkozásnak Légy szíves Szívesen Mi a neved? … a nevem Igen Nem Bocsánat Elnézést kérek! viszontlátásra Nem beszélek Magyarul Beszélsz angolul? Nem értem. Hol van a WC/toalett?

In case of problems Don‟t touch me – Ne érj hozzám Police – Rendőrség I am lost – Elvesztem I need your help – Szükségem van a segítségedre / Segíts

Leave me alone – Hagyj békén I will call the police – Hívom a rendőrséget I lost my wallet – Elveszett a pénztárcám Can I use your phone? – Használhatom a telefonodat?

NOTE: In Hungarian language we pronounce the words as we write it 


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

Do you know that Hungary...

Hungary is one of oldest countries in Europe, founded way back in the year of 896.

In history only five countries (USA, The Russian Federation, UK, France and Italy) have won more Summer Olympic gold medals than Hungary.

Hungarian population gene pool is enriched with a tinny % of Asian genes as well. Citing the city‟s unparalleled panorama, Hungary‟s capital, Budapest or as know as “The Perl of the Danube” was declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage site.

In 1989, Hungary became the first former communist-block country to open its borders towards Western Europe.

Hungary is well known across Europe as one of the countries with a thermal spring culture. There are over 1.500 spas and more than 450 public baths adorned with Roman, Greek and Turkish architecture. Hungarian inventions include the noiseless match (János Irinyi), Rubik‟s cube (Erno Rubik), and the ballpoint pen (László Bíró), the theory of the hydrogen bomb (Edward Teller)

Hungary, like Austria has a long tradition of classical music although often blended with folkloric elements. Composers Béla Bartók, Zoltán Kodály or Franz Liszt were all Hungarian. After Iceland, Hungary has the world‟s largest reserve of surface thermal water: hundreds of springs help thousands of people to recover.


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

10.Money, prices and costs

Official currency: Forint Coins: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 Notes: 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10 000, 20000 Hungary is considered as not too expensive, however since the transition os 1989 prices have changed a lot. In Hungary all of the international credit cards are accepted. Money exchange can be done in banks, travel agencies or at exchange offices in the main shopping areas.

Prices, costs: Products and services

Price (HUF)

Price (EUR)

Eating in restaurant

1500-3000

6-12

1 hamburger (in fast food restaurant) Taxi

200-700 200 + 160 Ft/km

0,8-2,8 0,8 + 0,6 EUR/km

Bus, metro tickets 1 litre petrol (Euro 95) 1 litre diesel oil 1 litre milk 1 kg bread 1 litre wine 1 bottle beer 1 kg apple 1 cinema ticket

140 250 300 200 160 350-2000 120-400 200 1000

0,6 1 1 0,6 0,6 1,4-8 0,5-1,6 0,8 4


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

11.National Holidays Hungary is a small country with a large history. This land is more than 1100 years We have so many traditions. Hungarian people love those. March 15. Holiday of the Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence (1848) This important war began on this day in Budapest. Hungarian people fought for their freedom from Austria. On this day Hungarian people wear red, white, green cockade.

August 20. St. Stephen's Day, Celebration of the Foundation of the State and of the New Bread: Commemorates Saint Stephen, the first Christian King of Hungary. This day is also the "Day of the New Bread", and the first bread from the new harvest is baked especially for this day. There are flags on the buildings and decorations everywhere. There is a water-parade on the Danube and air-parade above the Danube on this day in Budapest. In the evening there are big fireworks above the Danube and everywhere in the country. October 23. Anniversary of the 1956 Revolution and Day of the Proclamation of the Republic: Hungary declared its independence on October 23, 1989, on the anniversary of an unsuccessful revolt in 1956 against Soviet rule. December 25. 26. Christmas On December 24th people get home by that time, and start putting up the tree. People usually spend the first of the two following days (Dec. 25th) with their more immediate families, having a big festive meal that starts around 2 pm. The following day (Dec. 26.) is the same, but people usually get together with extended family members and may also attend Church on either or both days.


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

AIESEC in Hungary AIESEC was founded in the country in 1972.By this action Hungary is in the first countries in the soviet area which joined AIESEC.

In the country 12 Local Commitees work in universities.The country is has good reputation in the region and network by its good quality internships in GIP and GCDP side.We have very close partnerships with several countries from each region e.g:Ukraine,China,Colmbia etc.

We have several National partners with whome we have partnership in Exchange or in other areas. These companies are: TATA Consultancy Services,ABInbev,PriceWaterhouseCoopers and P&G.

There are also several local camps and national conferences during the year where we have also international delegates and facilitators. These conferences are: TEACH/Training and Educational Conference of AIESEC in Hungary/ It has tracks for the new members and also the current members/leaders of the country with a lot of company representatives. CEC/Central European Congress/ It is organised in every year in August together with Austria,Slovakia and Czech Republic.


Reception booklet of AIESEC in Hungary 2011/2012

GLS 2012-Global Leader’s Summit Global Leaders‟ Summer is one of the biggest and most important in the AIESEC world when the leader of the organisation contribute to the long-term strategy and development. The conference contains several events like: International Presidents‟ Meeting Youth Forum Global Alumni Event

Reception activities in Hungary AIESEC is not just responsible for your legal and accommodation obligations but also to organise several kinds of events in order to get to know the country and the culture. It can be variable by LCs as everyone has different ideas for entertainement as here you can get to know the standard ones. Welcome parties biweekly For the new comers it is really important to introduce them to the current interns and to the AIESEC members. They are mostly chill-out parties in pub,party place in the city. Cultural day It is organised by Budapest LCs.The goal of these events is to show some piece of the Hungarian culture to our interns by different activities,like festivals,wine-tasting. Reception week-end Organised by both Budapest and countryside LCs.These are one week-end long excursions in the country which contains several kinds of programs from the museums till excursions.


Reception booklet-Hungary  

Reception booklet for the incoming interns.

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