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ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO: AIR LU WANG(339870)


CONTENTS Part I. Expression of Interest I.1. Case for Innovation I.1.1. Architecture as a Discourse I.1.2. Computing in Architecture I.1.3. Parametric Modelling I.1.4. Case for Innovation Conclusion: I.2. Research Project I.2.1. Scope of Possibilities I.2.1.1. Input/Association/Output Matrix I.2.1.2. Reverse-Engineered Case-Study I.2.1.3. Material Effects I.2.1.4. Assembly Methods I.2.2. Research Project Conclusion I.3. Expression of Interest Conclusion: Competitive Advantage I.4. Learning Objectives and Outcomes: Interim Part II. Project Proposal II.1. Project Interpretation II.2. Project Delivery II.3. Project Presentation II.4. Project Proposal Conclusion Part III. Learning Objectives and Outcomes: Final III.1. Personal Background and Learning Objectives III.2. Learning Progress III.3. Learning Outcomes


ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


WEEK ONE ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE


ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE

Definition of Architecture: Architecture as arts: Architecture is three dimensional art work. As one of the various visual art, its aesthetic role is emphasized by architects. However, this is not a complete definition since it rejects a majority of architecture all over the world. And architecture is a compromised process according to its site limitation and high dependence on others.

Architecture as sign: Architecture has its symbolic value, it is not an individual element, instead, it more dependent on the relationship with surrounding elements. Various interpretations are given by various people for the same architecture, thus architects are better to design a building with rich symbolic meaning materials. The definition of architecture as sign provides more opportunities for those buildings without art interpretations. It will be useful to use dual sybolic reference for specialst and normal people to understand. Architecture as spatial experience: Experience is quite important for architecture. Architect work is a small part of the building while the urban experience stressed for architecture. Reference: Williams, Richard (2005). ‘Architecture and Visual Culture’, in Exploring Visual Culture: Definitions, Concepts, Contexts, ed. by Matthew Rampley (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press), pp. 102-116 ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG


ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURS

Project information: The project is a iconic structure that illustrated water and sun that achieved by a drop simulation computer program. Its spherical shape is developed by the effects of surface tension and external forces. Two big waterdrop merged together with the force of gracity. Bubble is the first project designed by digital techinique completely from design concept till manufacture. For exanple, the thickness of the each beam was calculated by computer program. (Source: http://www.franken-architekten.de/index.php?pagetype=proje ctdetail&lang=en&cat=3&param=ca t&param2=21&param3=0&)

BUBBLE

BERNHARD FRANKEN Contribution to the architectural discourse: One of the significant contribution of this project is its formmaking method. The form is generated by fields and algorithms which is controled by the designer. Bernhard franken stopped and catched the moment before two waterdrop merged into a big one.(fig1) Moreover, the design brief of this project is using clean energy for as new material. The important concept of sustainability is illustrated in this iconic water drop structure. And the design based on isomorphic polysurface instead of Platonic solids and Cartesian space. Finally, the virtual prototype method in this project give more design options since it is easier to show the design outcome in computer program.(Fig2)

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURS

Fig1

Relevance and contribution to the Wyndham council’s Gateway Project The form making process of Bubble can be learnt for the wyndham council’s Gateway Project. It is true that the parameter driving process is an important method in architecture design. But controling the digital process in certain point is more important for form making. Thus it is a good lesson for us to learn how to control and avoid the unexpected result generated by computer and instead, catch a valuable point for the structure of gateway project. Moreover, the isomorphic polysurface method can be utilized in gateway project. By using this, alternative way for generating architecture instead of traditional platonic solid can be achieved. Finally, the virtual prototype method enable us to test different design options such as material option and construction option in gateway project. For example, some renewable materials can be considered in gateway project. (Source: http://www.architesi.polito.it/pdf/3799_uk_ abs.pdf)

Fig2 ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


FIRE STATION

ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE

Architect: Zaha Hadid Location: Weil am Rhein, Germany Project Year: 1991-1993 Precedent projects: The Vitra fire station constitutes by triangular and polygon structure that generated by the space. Zaha Hadid integrated the building with its surrounding agricultural landscape. This building seems to be her first influential work in the international scope. It is also a precedent for many of her work in later time. It is a famous example for her deconstructionist theory. Both the interior and exterior space are arranged in a complex way. The suspended structure give a sense of instability while some regular forms are still used in this building. (Source: http://www.archdaily.com/112681/ad-classics-vitra-firestation-zaha-hadid/)

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE

Contribution to the architectural discourse: The project advanced architecture discource because it illustrate the concept of space and shape as movement. Zaha integrated the project with surroundings environment. And deconstructive method is involved in her design process which is quite different from traditional architecture.

(Source: http://www.ordrupgaard.dk/topics/collection-and-architecture/zaha-hadid-building/ zaha-hadid.aspx) Relevance and contribution to the Wyndham council’s Gateway Project The project contribute to the gateway project becasuse it show how architecture can be intergrated with surrounding environment and how the form of architecture can be influenced by the topography of the site. The involvement of architecture to the landscape. The design geometry donot need to be inherent to its landscape, instead, it can be quite different. For example, it can be addition to the landscape. (Source: http://places.designobserver.com/feature/landscape-is-our-sex/31228/)

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BOATHOUSE

PERSONAL PROJECT: DESIGN STUDIO WATER:

ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE

Project information: The design is to allow visitors to have honest and purist emotional within the building.It was designed by using sketchup. The building concept is based on topography. The form of this project is mainly on the basis of geometry squares such as circles, triangles and rectangles. Three dimensional circulation paths, namely, the vertical stair paths and the horizontal path such as bridge and corridors are used. According to Tadao Ando’s design, the pure and simple structure can be found in design. The idea of boxes is also applied in this design. Concrete are used as the major material to show the cold space while the natural light show the warm feeling of this building. This deep comparison will give strong sight attack to visitors. In this design, pure space is surrounded by concrete rectangular forms. These simple exterior forms are designed in order to draw people’s attention to the demand of interior space. For the interior space organization, a narrow curved corridor can be found. To sum up, my design for boat house is to make a simple form of house while the space organization is complex.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE

Contribution to the architectural discourse: This project explores some issues generated in contemporary architecture discourse. A strong connection between this building and surrounding environment are illustrated in this project. As williams mentioned, architecture is a “ complex social and professional practice”(Williams R 2005) Thus the significance of draw attention to the spatial experience of architecture to urban design is shown in this project. Moreover, this project explore the possibilities of traditional materials to comteporary architecture design.

Relevance and contribution to the Wyndham council’s Gateway Project The project is relevant to Gateway project because it generated from the topography. And the form is mased on simple geometry. Gateway project can be something that developed from traditional design method while parametric and computating design process is utilized. The parameters involved in our design can be something relevant to traditional materials and culture.


ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE

Wyndham council’s Gateway Project:

After learning from the precedent’s work, the relationship between the design and the surrounding environment will be considered. Dynamism and movement will be concerned in the later design. The main project may generate from the topography of the Wyndham city.

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ARCHITECTURE AS A DISCOURSE

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WEEK TWO COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE


COMPUTATION IN ARCHITECTURE

COMPUTATION IN ARCHITECTURE: Introduction: Architecture design is an art activity with some external constraints. However, computational technique can be quite useful when doing some fabricated works. They are rational without any mistakes. However, computational technique lacks creativities and intuition. The communication between computer and human is widely seen in the last decades. Computational technologies are capable to do some small or large parts of design. And they provide great assistances for human from drafting to modelling. However, their understanding to the geometrical information is quite poor. The development and utilizing of computer design tool, digital enabled fabrication technologies certainly bring some advantages such as convenient and more possibilities. And it has also a significant influence on the design. It is not only a replacement or alternative way from the hand drawing to computer –aided engineering application. In stead, the use of computational technologies is changing the way of design and design education. The design idea and concept is created through parametric, diagrammatic methods, rather than the geometrical design. Reference Kalay, Yehuda E. (2004). Architecture’s New Media: Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided Design (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), pp. 5-25

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COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE

MICHAEL HANSMEYER

Precedent project: This project does not only have aesthetic value, but also show a new way of thinking during design process. The designer Michael Hansmeyer uses abstracted doric column as starting point for later subdivide decoration. And the addition of local parameters are developped for the final form of the design. According to computating design, some new order of column are generated which is quite different from the traditional column order. (Source: http://www.thisiscolossal.com/2011/02/michael-hansmeyer-a-cardboard-column-with16-million-facets

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE

Key innovation about the project This project show how computer-aid design will useful for complex form-making. With the help of computer, designer can escape from the traditional constrains of column and create a new order. “The majority o f computer-aided design research over the past fifty years has been directed toward developing computational systems that provide varying levels o f assistance to human designers by taking care of smaller or larger parts o f the design process”. (Kalay, pp6) Contemporary digital design technique Hansmeyer utilizing algorithms and subdivision processes to generate architectural form.The algorithms technique make these unique shape into real project. Laser is used to cut each piece of cardboard after subdivision algorithm. “It is an attempt to incorporate tools and technologies that can expand the scope of what is possible and what is imaginable and in the best case to create something that is not yet imaginable”.(Michael Hansmeyer) Similar innovative approach could be applied to Gateway Project This design enable more design possibilities for 3D model design. We can simpily using 2 D machine such as lacer cutting for generating 3 D model. We can use this method into our Gateway project in order to make some complex 3D model.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE

Precedent project: The pavilion is designed for biological research collaboration between the Institute for Computational Design (ICD) and the Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE). It is a computer based design and use manufacturing and prefabricated technologies during construction process. This project inspired by sea urchin’s plate skeleton morphology and use the biological priciple into computer program when designing its structure. (Source: http://www.dezeen.com/2011/10/31/icditke-research-pavilion-at-the-universityof-stuttgart) Key innovation about the project One significant innovation of the project is to apply the bionic principle to various geometrics by computers program. One of the benifits can be seen in this project is that the by using bionic principle, extreme thin sheets of plywood could bear more pressure than usual. “The research pavilion offered the opportunity to investigate methods of modular bionic construction using freeform surfaces representing different geometric characteristics while developing two distinct spatial entities”(Dezeen Magazine) Contemporary digital design technique The special digital design techinique is to use biological structure through computational design process. The aim of the techinique is a mimic of animals organism in order to get rid of the constrains of materiality. “The focus was set on the development of a modular system which allows a high degree of adaptability and performance due to the geometric differentiation of its plate components and robotically fabricated finger joints”.(Dezeen Magazine) Similar innovative approach could be applied to Gateway Project This approach allow for high load bearing capacity when particular geometry is generated by computer. We can have more material and structure options when designing Gateway project since we do not have to use light weight material and limited structure. In stead, By using the particular arrangement of geometries and joints, more freeform structure can be achieved.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


ICD/ITKE RESEARCH PAVILION

COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE

AT UNIVERSITY OF STUTTGART, 2011

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COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE

SPANISH PAVILION AT EXPO 2010 MIRALLES TAGLIABUE EMBT

Precedent project: SPanish Pavilion is a hand-weaved wicker basket structure that supported by steel frame undernearth. The building was decorated by more than 8000 wicker panels in three colours. And these panels are arranged in a regular way. These panels are whole handmade and show a connection between Spain and china since both countries have a long history for Wicker weaving. One interesting feature of the pavilion is it culture representation. For example, the black colour panels inspired by the shape of Chinese characters, namely, sun and moon. Except the wicker weaving, the rest of material used in this building are sustainable materials like bamboo and semi-transparent paper.The semi-transparent paper bring great lighting effects to the building. Moreover, the free form of the structure is a omplex curve that generated by computational design tool. And finally, the complex building sever as a communicating bridge between architecture, engineers and handicraftsman. “Our objective is to let visitors know that Spain is a country where tradition and modernity coexist in all senses.� (Carlos Blasco, the Ambassador of Spain)

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE

Key innovation about the project Materials play an important role in this project. And a connection between advance construction generated by computer-aid program and a traditional handicraft for the panel create a unique built form. Contemporary digital design technique Differing curvatures for the curved tube are achieved by computer based design tool. Thus each panel has quite different visual effects from different views of angles. Similar innovative approach could be applied to Gateway Project The precedent project show the interesting visual effects when two different materials connecting together. The tradition and modernity coexist show the compatibility of SPanish cuture. Our group is quite intersting in this idea and will apply it into our gateway project. The visual attack between modern and traditional, not only in materials, but also in construction that will change the perception of Wyndham city residents.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


WEEK THREE PARAMETRIC MODELLING


PARAMETRIC MODELLING

PARAMETRIC MODELLING “The architectural field’s current use of the parametric has been superficial and skin-deep, maybe importantly so, lacking of a larger framework of referents, narratives, history, and forces.” (Richard 21) Contemporary scripting provides the great opportunity for people and computer to engage with each other. And by giving the instruction to the computer, more outcomes are taken place for designers. Another advantage is the more opportunities to test the possibilities since low cost and short time consuming can be achieved by digital fabricated technologies. However, some problems may occur by the direct instruction programming process. One of the limitations is the excessive emphasis on the computer while creative design and concept are ignored. As the result, architectural design seems a combination of parametric programming process since majority of design is produced by repetition. As a beginner, these tools, in our case, the grasshopper is quite sufficient tool for us to present the design concept and to test various possibilities. These new languages comparing with conventional computating programming are more effective through the combination of logical expression. However, The known algorithm is lack of intuition and connection with other computational technologies. The aim is to use scripting as effective tool, rather than a logical driver to our design.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)

KAOHSIUNG TAIWAN

Precident project: This project called Phosphorescenceis is designed by the team of Elizabeth Leidy – Alicia Nahmad – Denis Vlieghe – Rajat Sodhi. It is designed for the competition entry 2010. The project is based on mathematics of electro-magnetic fields. It is a two main system integrating with several subsystems. The random movement of particles on the water is explored in this project. The lighting underneath the water gives a different view of the habitant should look like.

PHOSPHORESCENCE _ POP MUSIC CENTRE

PARAMETRIC MODELLING


PARAMETRIC MODELLING

Design philosophy: “Scripting..the ability to work with large data sets, proceeding in many directions simultaneously, and working beyond our perceptual capacity were prominent responses.� (Richard 40) This project exploring the posibilities to bring light and colour to a particular site. In this precident project, the design philosophy is based on 2 types of mathmatic system.One of it is using electro-magnetic fields theory to adapt to the urban plan. And the other one is using mathmatical Brownian motion to obtain random movement. Moreover, natural ecology is shown in this project as well.it illustrates the probabilistic system of human activities through the architectural structure. And underwater lights have good effects on the growth of plants and other species. (Source: http://www.suckerpunchdaily.com/2011/04/07/phosphorescence-_-pop-music-centre/) Contribution to Wyndham Gateway Project: I choose this design as precedent because it test the polychromatic lighting systems to the site by computer scripting. Various arrangement of systems and materials also bring various possibilities. We can apply mathmatical and ecological system into our Gateway project. By using data in other field, we may get some interesting inspiration and forms.

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WEEK THREE CONTINUED... CASE FOR INNOVATION CONCLUSION


CASE FOR INNOVATION CONCLUSION

The project Bubble is generated by fields and algorithms which can be controlled by designer. We can learn to control the shape during the design process in order to avoid the unexpected design outcome.

TheVitra fire station project shows how design can integrate with surrouding landscape. Architecture donot need to follow the contour line of the landscape. Instead, it can be addition to the landscape.

This project utilizing algorithms and subdivision processes to generate architectural form. This enables the design possibilities for 3D model design. Our group can apply this method into gateway project for some complex 3D design.

ICD/ITKE Research pavilion apply the bionic principle to various geometrics by computer. Material and structural limitation can be avoided by specific arrangement of joints and geometries.

Spanish Pavilion shows the the visual attack between modern and tradition, not only in materials, but also in construction that will change the perception of Wyndham city residents.

Phosphorescenceis exploring the posibilities to bring light and colour to a particular site. Mathmatic and ecological system can be applied into our Gateway project during the parametric design process.

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RESEARCH PROJECT: WEEK FOUR INPUT/ASSOCIATION/OUTPUT MATRIX


INPUT/ASSOCIATION/OUTPUT MATRIX

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INPUT/ASSOCIATION/OUTPUT MATRIX

MATRIX

FOR COMBINATION OF INPUT/ ASSOCIATION/OUTPUT “Digitally driven processes, characterized by dynamic, open-ended and unpredictable but consisten transformation of 3d structures,…giving rise to architectonic possibilities” (Kolarevic)

This is the experiments of grasshopper and rhino software by combining various input, association and output to get various outcomes. Each group member choose two of the input definitions and then combine with each association and output definitions. Overlapping, Arbitrary points, Multiple math function are three main component selected in this Cut experiments. Multiple Math function: Circles and other shapes can be arranged by different Math function. More possibilities can be got. By using multiple math function, the properties of project can be explored in order to achieve the complexity of design. Related to Gateway design: Our design aim is to explore the typology of Wyndham city. Thus the multiple math function can help us to make conplex and inconventional form which could adapt to the surrouding environemnt.

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ATTRACTOR+2GRAPPHM APPER+COMPONENT


INPUT/ASSOCIATION/OUTPUT MATRIX

PATTERN OVERLAPPING

OVERLAPPING+ MULTIPLE MATH FUNCTION

MULTIPLE MATH FUNCTION

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INPUT/ASSOCIATION/OUTPUT MATRIX

PATTERN OVERLAPPING+ HEXAGONAL GRID

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ARBITRARY POINTS+ MULTIPLE MATH FUNCTION


INPUT/ASSOCIATION/OUTPUT MATRIX

USING SURFACE NORMAL+ IMAGE SAMPER

These are some outcomes of using various input, association and output definition. Overlapping and arbitrary points are two definitions my group are interested in. Overlapping: It enables the combination of two surface.This component can be applied to the Gateway matrix.The combination of two different patterns or even two different materials can be quite interesting in the later design Arbitrary points: Each points intergrated with a main point within a surface. And the distance between each points abd radium of points can be changed by changing the number of the slider. Multiple Math function: Circles and other shapes can be arranged by different Math function. More possibilities can be got.

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RESEARCH PROJECT: WEEK FIVE REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY


REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY

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REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY

BANQ RESTAURANT Case Study about Banq has a special geometry that columns are suspended from the ceiling. This project has a quite different space organization system which is z axis division. Continuous members are fixed on the main structure and perpendicular to the ceiling. Columns have both the aesthetic value and constructure. They support the whole ceiling system and also looks interesting by various lighting system. The spacing from each two ceiling ribs is different in order to show visual variations from different angles. Moreover, the surface material used for ceiling and ground floor is warm woods and relaminated bamboo which leave a strong impression on diners. (Arch Daily)

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY

Contribution to Gateway design direction The continuous and seamless structure enhance the dynamism of the restaurant. The geometry of the wood slats hides the structure of roof and smooth the surface of the project. Different variation of the spacing between ribs show the aesthic value of the project. Moreover, the warm woods material usage with different lighting system enhances the involvement of people and the project space. Overal, this project give us inspiration due to its dynamic and seamless structure. Moreover, we are also quite interested in its material usage. We want Wyndham city residents to involve in our project by some special materials such as recycled material that can encourage them to participate in or impressed by.


CUT CASE STUDIES ANALYSIS

REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY

Parametric modelling tools: This is a recreate of the 3D BanQ restaurant. Our group used typological data to drive our design. Landscape integration will be the main consideration in our later design. Paramatric modelling tools allow us to change and modified these data easier and faster. We can get a reliable and satisfied design outcome by uisng them.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY

McCormick Tribune Campus Center [ OMA ] chicago, Illinois,USA OMA

Case Study information: This one storey building was designed by Rem Koolhaas to address the problem of Green line. It seems to explore the urbanism inherent which failed before. One of the most interesting feature is the iconic 20 foot high glass portrait of Mies van der Rohe. This project uses a overlapping grasshopper component for the design. Another important feature is its layout. The layout of the building was inspired by recording students’ movements when they crossed under the train tracks (Source: http://mimoa.eu/projects/United%20 States/Chicago/McCormick%20Tribune%20Cam-

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


CUT CASE STUDIES ANALYSIS

s

REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY

Contribution to Gateway design direction From the previous experimentation with grasshopper, some idea is come out. The 20 foot high glass portrait is generated by computer modelling techiniques. In grasshopper, this surface is perforated by different patterns. Image samper and three different layers are used in the grasshopper to get the outcome. This is a physical model inspired by McCormick Tribune Campus Center. We choose box board as material. The aim of this builidng is to test the possibilities of deforation. The result is quite interesting, our group extend to explore how the different perforations can result the lighting condition and movement. In addition, we concerned about the material effects to the facade. The environmental condition such as heat, water, moisture reacting to different materials will be considered in the later design.We will control the exposed part and the hided part of the surface to make our project adapt to the landscape. Parametric modelling tools: We can use the specific data of Wyndham city. For exampe, the movement of pedestrians, cars in a specific place of Wyndham city to work for the parameters in computer modelling techinique.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


RESEARCH PROJECT: WEEK SIX MATERIAL EFFECTS & ASSEMBLY METH

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HODS

MATERIAL EFFECTS & ASSEMBLY METHODS

Interrogating materiality is fundamental to new attitudes towards achieving design intent. (After all, architecture is fundamentally a material practice. (Kolarevic 7)

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


MATERIAL EFFECTS & ASSEMBLY METHODS

MODEL 1

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1

MATERIAL EFFECTS & ASSEMBLY METHODS

“New material s are offering unparalleled thinness, dynamically changing properties, and functionally gradient compositions. Coupled with the means of digital technology, advances in material science have led to renewed interest among architects intectonic expression, material properties, and the ability to produce the desired surface and spatial effects.” (Kolarevic 6) Material Effects MODEL 1 is inspired by Dior Ginza Building. It was experienced by using overlapping definition. the pattern inspired by Dior Ginza Building Facade. Both perforation and overlapping are used in this design. Two 2D planes overlapped with each other. At first, we use the same meterial and scale for the two plane. But later, we found it’s more interesting to use two different materials and perforated scales for the the 2D planes. We decided to use 1mm box board as structure and plastic as second skin for this physical model. Plastic cannot be twisted while box board can twist and pull. Material is an important building element. My group tested different material properties during the material experientation process in order to choose a suitable material for this project in real life. We tested some material reactions in terms of heat, twist and so forth.

Assembling method: Two layers with different scale of perforations amd materials overlapped with each other. This assembling method create moire effect through different lighting condition.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


MATERIAL EFFECTS & ASSEMBLY METHODS

Plastic is quite malleable material. We can make this piece of plastic sheet into any shape after it be heated

MODEL 2

MODEL 2

Interrogating materiality is fundamental to new attitudes towards achieving design intent. (After all, architecture is fundamentally a material practice. (Kolarevic 7) Assembling method: Our group memebers use a transparent material plastic to follow the structural frame after plastic is heated and become soft and malleable.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


Material Effects & ASSEMBLY METHODS

MATERIAL EFFECTS After some experimentation, we found that plastic is quite a malleable material which is easily influenced by heat. Thus we decided to use it as second skin of our project that it can be sit on the surface and its form will follow the form of main structure. Since deforation can be achieved easily, Our group decided to use a curved frame for our EOI design. The BanQ restaurant gives an inspiration when we explored our frame shape. Later we use parametric design tool grasshopper to articulate the landscape changes of the site. However, it is difficult for us to control the plastic sheet on the frame due to it material limitation. Finally, a wooden frame which follow the contour of the gateway site was generated. Some issues need to be considered in the later design. For example, how to make joints between two different materials and how to use lights to show the variation from different angles.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


RESEARCH PROJECT CONCLUSION

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RESEARCH PROJECT CONCLUSION

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RESEARCH PROJECT: CONCLUSION

RESEARCH PROJECT: WEEK SEVEN CONCLUSION

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EXPRESSION OF INTEREST

RESEARCH PROJECT: CONCLUSION

RESEARCH PROJECT: CONCLUSION From the previous precedents I have learnt, it can be seen that computer based design is quite useful in contemporary design environment. And our group member have better understanding the advantages and limitations of parametric design. Since we have limited knowledge on grasshopper, we can only use some simpy definition to achieve our design apporach. For example, it is difficult for us to generate some structures that has various curved layers. Another issue occurred is that some 3D digital models cannot make into physical model since we can not estimate the angele of bending between each sheet or slab. This problem can be solved after learnt from the project named Subdivided Columns A New Order in Week 2. But the method is too expensive. Overall, We will learn lessons from the previous experimentaion in order to improve our final design. The design concept of our group is to use the curved structure as a symbol to articulate the landcape for Gateway project. We intend to design an eye-catch, interesting and iconic project. The dynamic and movemnet of building is the goal we want to achieved. And parametric design tools will be used to make subtile changes to the contour line of the gateway site. Our design will have influence on changing the perception of Wyndham city by encouraging recidents to involve in our design. This can be achieved by gathering recycled materials from residents. Our group will continue to experiment with transparent malleable materials and overlapping patterns. Multi layer pattern with different scales and materials will give a sence of movement and dynamic from different angles of view. Moreover, we will explore how material changes over a long time period through ageing, weathering and use. These issues will be further explored and modified in order to obtain the most satisfying results that suits the goals of our group and Wyndham city council requirements.

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PART II. PROJECT PROPOSAL WEEK EIGHT PROJECT INTERPRETATION PART


PROJECT INTERPRETATION

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PROJECT INTERPRETATION

Mid-semester Feedbacks: From the mid-semester criteria, I got a better understanding about what we required for our final model. The most weakness parts of our initial EOI is the uncertain design concept of the project. And the lack of clear argument when we made our design decisions.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PROJECT INTERPRETATION

PROJECT INTERPRETATION: KINETICSTRUCTURES AND MOTION INTERPRETATION The inspiration of dynamic structure and motion of architecture is from Lecture Eight. Environments including natural and artificial environment have slight changes during time perioed. Some may have great changes during a short time while otherrs have slow changes. The concept movememt and dynamism will be added to our design concept together with the concept of articulated landscape. Precedent: Our group have great interest in Philip Beesley’s Haystack Veil project. It is a project with tri-axial lattice structure that a network of 30,000 twigs arranged as mesh cloaking. The fibres form a continuous meshwork that floating over a moss ground. One important feature of the project is its relationship with landscaple. The project follows the instrinsic topography of site. (Haystack Veil-Philip Beesley) Our group want to make a project to protect the existing landscape of the site. And we also want this project to be an example for recidents to realize the functionality of recycled materials.Moreover, as discussed in initial chapters, we also want public to participate into this project. Recycled materials are needed in this project for the main pattern decoration on top of the frame structure.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PROJECT INTERPRETATION

After we explored the requirement of the brief and learn lessons from the initials precident, our group has better understanding to the projects. Following in a list of some design drivers.

y wa h ig way s h es free e c c in Prin ay Pr ee w r f s ce Prin

-Our group want to articulate the landscape. We will use parametric design tool to control the data input of landscape condition. We will choose a proportionate scale for our design, Maximum 200 meters. Otherwise, the cost will be high. -And some parameter such as population, movement of pedestrians of wyndham city will applied in grasshopper to make slight changes to the original contour model.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)

-A design that can communicate specialists, but also the Wyndham to achieve this goal, the participa the project should be considered. between diffferent groups can be lighting engineers, constructural and some other groups can gathe some issues during the fabricatio -Wyndham city has its recycling this project to draw attention to t of recycled material and to the pr environment. - To use this project to start a inn the high tech techinique and new -Visual attack achieved by using ture and traditonla material and w


to whole public, not only m city recidents. In order ation of the residents into . The connections bridge e generated. Architects, engineers, handcrafsmen er together to deal with on process. programme. We can use the special consideration rotection of the whole

novative exploration to w materialilty. high technology strucworkmanship.

PROJECT INTERPRETATION

-design should be part of the landscape, and to ensure that our project should protect the natural environment by some decoration material such as recycled wicker weaving. We will not excavated the landscape or make any changes to it -Dynamic structure and motion of architecture through a long time period. We have considered the maintaining of the project and decided to use a system of whihc materials can be changed easily.

Overll, our design will have effects on the perception of Wyndham city.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PROJECT INTERPRETATION

Site location: The site of gateway is adjacent to Princes Freeway. And it is also the interchange of Princes Highways Site A: 90meters wide 50000 meters square South bound and north bound traffic passed by. level differences. Site B: in front of a service station. 22000 meters square Site C: Smallest site. 18 meters wide 4000meters wide

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PROJECT INTERPRETATION

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A petrol station located in site B. This service station may block the view of drivers. If site B is used as proposed site, some replacement have to be taken. Finally, our group choose site A as our site. It is better to locate design in the highest point so that drivers can see the design in distance. Thus we locate our project on the midddle of the site A which has the highest point about 18.65 meters. Level differences are apparent in this site. The final project can have maximum exposure to the drivers which meet the requirement of the Gateway project.

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PROJECT INTERPRETATION

STAGE 1 1.FIRST ITERATION-BANQ RESTAURANT

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2.SECOND ITERATION- REFINING DEFINITION

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3.THIRD ITERATION-FORM EXPERIMENTATION

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4.FORTH ITERATION-REFINED DESIGN

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PROJECT INTERPRETATION

Our design form changes during the form development process but our design drivers stays the same. The first model was generated during the EOI presentation. It is a acceptable project but the overall form is too simple and too regular from the top view. Thus after EOI. Our group developped the form by adding parameters to the grasshopper definition. However, this second design is entirely based on the computer modelling techinique that donot have clear concept and argument for the form. The third design is a large scale design. The design is generated along the princes highway and princes freeway station. However, it is quite difficult for use to find a structure that can support the whole project and the cost of the materials is quite high. The final proposal of the project is a slight change structure that articulate the landscape and satisfy with all the requirements of Wyndham council discussed in the initial project interpretation stage.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PROJECT INTERPRETATION

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PROJECT INTERPRETATION

Solar level analysis These diagrams reflect the shadow and light interaction of project in a day.Grasshopper definition is used herer to show the light intensity. These diagrams will be applied to the gateway project in order to decide which parts should be perforated more to the air.

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PROJECT DELIVERY

PART II. PROJECT PROPOSAL WEEK NINE&TEN PROJECT DELIVERY

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PROJECT DELIVERY

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PROJECT DELIVERY

Detail Analysis At first, our group intended to use hexagon as our form support structure. However, it is difficult to control Hexagon when in curved surface. Later we decided to use triangle instead as our form support structure due to its stability and flexibility. Triangle perforation is another focus of our final design. The south facing part of the model has more perforated hole and north facing part less exposed to the air. We using grasshopper to control the parameters based on the solar level anaysis generated by grasshopper definition as well.

Overall view

North facing part and inside structure

South facing part

FIG1: Panel cladding

FIG2:Grasshopper Definition for truss structure

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PROJECT DELIVERY

Structural detail-connection between panel frame and panel We designed a movable panel which is fixed with a flexible joint. Two sides of the joint are fixed while the middle part is flexiable.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PROJECT DELIVERY

The use of digital modelling techiniques allow us to change parameter easily. Thus it increase the possibilities of design that a complicated design can be generated. And with the help it, we can easily use lacer cutting instead of by hand for our model fabrication. The outcome is quite accurate and effective especially in perforated cases.

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PROJECT DELIVERY

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PROJECT DELIVERY

This is a 1:200 scale model. The real scale of the project is about 75 meters long and 32meters wide. The average size of the panel is about 2 meters long and 1.5 meters wide in real life. The average structure of the site suspended above the land is about 3 meters. Our group use truss frame as the structure of the project. The truss frame use timber as material and the panel structure use recycled iron wire. Our recycled cladding material will collect from the residents of Wyndham city. They can be some construction waste such as timber, wicker weaving, bamboo and semitransparent paper. These materials will be divided into groups in terms of their transparebcy, porosity and colour. We apply our design driver movement and dynamism in this project. We designed a movable panel which is fixed with a flexible joint. Two sides of the joint are fixed while the middle part is flexiable. The movement can be achieved when wind blows. This function is not only benefit for the visual effects but also for helping plants to grow. The overall structure is supported by several steel columns.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PROJECT DELIVERY

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PART II. PROJECT PROPOSAL WEEK ELEVEN PROJECT PRESENTATIONO


PROJECT PRESENTATION

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REGENERATIVE TOPOLOGY_ ads:air2012 Our design theme concerns with lightweight materials along with complex truss system which would articulate the site landscape. We hope to create a point of contact for the community of Wyndham and the landscape to create further emphasis on Wyndham’s greater growth as a city.

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The analogy between the natural context and that has been portrayed in the cladding, which is texturized to depict various recycled materials which would involve cooperation of the community at Wyndham to construct.

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MATERIALITY: ELLIE GIL_386933 JAEVON LIEW_376069 LU WANG_339870 YIFAN WANG_385831 GWYLLIM JAHN_FRIDAY_9-12 ADS:AIR_2012

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PART II. PROJECT PROPOSAL WEEK TWELVE PROJECT PROPOSAL CONCLUSION


PROJECT PROPOSAL CONCLUSION

In conclusion, the project itself, form a dialogue between specialists and the public. Residents will participate in this project as well as architects, engineers, handcrafts. And it also recall the pursuit to the traditional handicraft with a innovative approach and high-tech structure. Finally, the focus of connecting with local landscape is achieved by the computational modelling tools. After all, our design will have effects on the perception of Wyndham

city.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PART III. Learning Objectives and Outcomes: Final WEEK THIRTEEN PERSONAL BACKGROUND AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES


PERSONAL BACKGROUND AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Rhino and Grasshopper are two software that entirely new to me at start of the semester. After twelve weeks, I have learnt how to use these two digital modelling tools and have a good understanding about the architectural discourse. I found the online tutorial Exlab Vimeo page is quite useful for me to quickly grasp basic definition of grasshopper. At start, it is difficult for me to remember the grasshopper definition since I cant’t understant it. But now I get familiar with most of definition that we have learnt through the online tutorial. And the fabrication tools on lms is also quite useful during the fabrication process. Another important tools I have learnt in this subject are indesign and illutrator. I’m getting familiar with indesign tool but I can only use illustrator to export the rhino and grasshopper file. It’s difficult for me to compile the image and text in design. In the future, I will continue to learn such kind of computer program that will help me to obtain more design possibilities.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PART III. Learning Objectives and Outcomes: Final WEEK THIRTEEN LEARNING PROGRESS


LEARNING PROGRESS

The progress of my learning is apparent during the twelve weeks. My design objects were achieved by technique learning such as grashopper, rhino, indesign and illutrator. I spent a lot of my time on this subject and now I found such experience is worthwhile since I learnt a lot which during the painful period. I never learnt any subjects that cover such large amount of knowledge as this subject does. Before this subject, I dislike computer program and refused to learn some advanced computational program. Now I can use rhino and grasshopper to come up some design ideas by using these innovative techniques. In the last four week, our group work out a design that meet all the requirements of the design brief and we believe it is a unique project that cannot achieved without these advance computational tool.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


PART III. Learning Objectives and Outcomes: Final WEEK THIRTEEN LEARNING OUTCOMES


LEARNING OUTCOMES

According to learning outcomes, I feel quite happy about the computer program knowledge I have learnt about rhino and grashopper. I feel happy that I can have such kind of experience in one subject. But the gained knowledge about these tools are just basic knowledge thus I have to continue to learn more in the future. For our group gateway project. There are still some issues need to deal with such as the feasiblity of the movable panels in real life. But for now, I believe we have do everything we can. This subject forced me to enter into the world of computational base design. Now I understand its objective is to use inovative techiniques scripting abilities in order to pursue a comtemporary architectural environment that beyond our perceptual capabilities.

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)


REFERENCE: ARCHIVENUE. Spain Pavilion for Shanghai 2010 EXPO. http://www.archivenue.com/spain-pavilionfor-shanghai-2010-expo/ Arch daily. AD Classics: Vitra Fire Station. http://www.archdaily.com/112681/ad-classics-vitra-firestation-zaha-hadid Arch daily. Banq/ Office dA. http://www.archdaily.com/42581/banq-office-da/ BOTANICAL BRICKS. Haystack Veil-Philip Beesley. http://botanicalbricks.blogspot.com.au/2012/02/ haystack-veil-philip-beesley.html Biondi, Elena. Blob Architecture. http://www.architesi.polito.it/pdf/3799_uk_abs.pdf Colossal. Michael Hansmeyer: A cardboard column with 16 million facets. http://www.thisiscolossal. com/2011/02/michael-hansmeyer-a-cardboard-column-with-16-million-facets Dezeen magazine. ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion at the University of Stuttgart. http://www.dezeen. com/2011/10/31/icditke-research-pavilion-at-the-university-of-stuttgart FRANKEN ARCHITEKTEN. Bubble. http://www.franken-architekten.de/index.php?pagetype=project detail&lang=en&cat=3&param=cat&param2=21&param3=0& Kolarevic, Branko, Architecture in the Digital Age: Design and Manufacturing (New York; London: Spon Press, 2003), pp. 3 - 62 MIMOA. McCormick Tribune Campus Center. http://mimoa.eu/projects/United%20States/Chicago/ McCormick%20Tribune%20Campus%20Center ORDRUP GAARD. Zaha Hadid. http://www.ordrupgaard.dk/topics/collection-and-architecture/zahahadid-building/zaha-hadid.aspx Sucker PUNCH. Phosphorescence _ pop music centre. http://www.suckerpunchdaily.com/2011/04/07/ phosphorescence-_-pop-music-centre/ Williams, Richard (2005). ‘Architecture and Visual Culture’, in Exploring Visual Culture: Definitions, Concepts, Contexts, ed. by Matthew Rampley (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press), pp. 102-116 Yehuda E. Kalay, Architecture’s New Media : Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided Design (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 5 - 25

ADS AIR 2012 LU WANG (339870)

ADS JOURNAL WEEK13  

ADS JOURNAL WEEK13