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閱讀全世界

MASTER IN READING

Asia Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 7

Unit 15 Unit 16 Unit 17 Unit 18

Have a Taste of Korean Culture: Kimchi .............................................. 2 Slumdog Millionaire ......................... 4 The Moon Festival ............................ 6 Health Education in Taiwan .............. 8 Bam ................................................... 10 Tea..................................................... 12 The World’s Most Expensive Coffee ... 14

Unit 19 Unit 20 Unit 21 Unit 22 Unit 23 Unit 24 Unit 25 Unit 26 Unit 27 Unit 28 Unit 29

North America Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Unit 13 Unit 14

Food for Fitness ................................ 16 Lethal Allergies ................................. 18 Brain Food ........................................ 20 Fresh Is Always Better! .................... 22 Roller Coasters.................................. 24 The Tallest Trees ............................... 26 A New Start....................................... 28 A Space Station ................................. 30 Excerpt from Scientific American .... 32 Different Foods ................................. 34 Lie to Me........................................... 36 The Magical World of Walt Disney .. 38 Around-the-World Trip in a Day ...... 40 Zap .................................................... 42

Unit 30 Unit 31 Unit 32

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The Statue of Liberty ........................ 44 Little House on the Prairie ................ 46 Thomas Edison ................................. 48 The Potato Chip: America’s Favorite Snack................................................. 50 Marian Anderson .............................. 52 Rediscovering the Good of the Soybean............................................. 54 Dioxin Pollution................................ 56 A New Security Measure .................. 58 The Guggenheim Museum ............... 60 Red Fire Ants .................................... 62 The Largest U.S. TV Network .......... 64 The White Man’s War on the Wolf ... 66 Fashion Says No to Fur..................... 68 Andrew Carnegie .............................. 70 The Take Our Daughters to Work Day .................................................... 72 How to Get Children to Eat Healthily ........................................... 74 Illegal Music Download ................... 76 Home Exchanges .............................. 78


Central & South America Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4

Depths of the Sea .............................. The El Yunque Rain Forest ............... Howler Monkeys .............................. The Green Airport .............................

80 82 84 86

Africa Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3

Helping African Elephants ................ 88 Elephants Can Tell ............................ 90 Blood Diamonds ............................... 92

Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Unit 13

Oceania & Antarctica Unit 1

From Pole to Pole ............................. 132

World

Europe Unit 1

Unit 14 The Difference Between Boys and Girls........................................... 120 Unit 15 Lego .................................................. 122 Unit 16 Saving Newspapers ........................... 124 Unit 17 The History of Forks ......................... 126 Unit 18 Truffles .............................................. 128 Unit 19 The Meaning of Hair ........................ 130

Why Do Playing Cards Have Jacks, Queens and Kings?................ 94 Soccer ............................................... 96 Giethoorn: A Picturesque Village ..... 98 Chivalry ............................................ 100 The Louvre Museum......................... 102 Greek Mythology .............................. 104 Wuthering Heights ............................ 106 Harry Potter ...................................... 108 All Creatures Great and Small .......... 110 How Was Venice Built? .................... 112 The Scottish Kilt ............................... 114 Queen Victoria .................................. 116 The Price of a War ............................ 118

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Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Unit 13 Unit 14

Bones ................................................ 134 New Year Resolutions ....................... 136 How to Present Yourself in a Job Interview ........................................... 138 Navigate a New City without GPS ... 140 Earthquakes....................................... 142 The Internet Society .......................... 144 How to Save Your Cell Phone! ......... 146 Three Branches of Medicine ............. 148 The Language Laboratory................. 150 Living Lights .................................... 152 Jet Leg ............................................... 154 Brain and Language .......................... 156 Attention Deficit ............................... 158 How to Feel Less Pain ...................... 160


ASIA

Reading Comprehension

UNIT

食物、健康、醫藥

★★☆

1 Have a Taste of Korean Culture: Kimchi

R

ecently, traces of Korean culture can be found everywhere. From Korean cuisine and TV drama to contemporary pop music, people in Taiwan are experiencing a rather different East Asian culture. While we enjoy the tasty Korean food, however, we do not really know about the origins of kimchi–a traditional Korean side dish. The main ingredients of kimchi are vegetables and seasonings. In fact, there are hundreds of varieties of kimchi. Each family uses a different recipe, as kimchi is a dish passed down for generations from mother to daughter. It can be made in all seasons, but the best time to make it is in the autumn. The most common kind of kimchi that can be found in Taiwan is made from the Napa cabbage. The process of making kimchi is not complex, but it is time-consuming. In fall, kimchi is made by stuffing spices between layers of salted, uncut Napa cabbages. The way traditional kimchi is made depends on the different vegetables in season. Modernday kimchi, however, can be made at any time of the year because now people have refrigerators. We may at first be fooled by the fiery taste of kimchi. But this side dish is actually very healthy because the vegetables used to make it contain a high percentage of fiber, which of course is good for our digestion. At the same time, kimchi is low in calories and fat. It is even ranked among the top five “World’s Healthiest Foods” because, in addition to aiding digestion, it is rich in vitamins and may reduce the growth of cancer cells. Although we can buy any variety of kimchi at any time of the year, when it comes to eating it, Korean families tend to have traditional seasonal preferences. To us, kimchi may be a side dish to enjoy with Korean BBQ, but for Koreans it is a dish that brings the family close together, a tradition which will continue for years to come.

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Asia

   1. What is the main idea of the passage? (A) Recent Korean trends. (B) Traditional Korean dishes. (C) Kimchi–a side dish. (D) Korean culture. 主旨大意題

   2. According to the article, what is the best season to make kimchi in modern days? (A) Spring. (B) Fall. (C) Winter. (D) All seasons.    3. The word “fiery” in paragraph 4 can be replaced by      . (A) spicy (B) frightening (C) attractive (D) mouth-watering 詞意判斷題

推理引申題

Africa

   5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the article as one of the benefits of kimchi? (A) It is rich in vitamins. (B) Eating it is a tradition that ties the family together. (C) Kimchi can help burn fat. (D) Kimchi can be made in any season of the year.

Central & South America

   4. The author’s attitude towards kimchi is      . (A) positive; the writer thinks it is a very healthy food (B) positive; the writer thinks it is a very delicious food (C) negative; the writer dislikes the taste and appearance of kimchi (D) neutral; the writer did not mention any preferences

North America

細節理解題

細節理解題 Europe

ord

key w

Oceania & Antarctica

字彙 大觀園

1. cuisine [kwɪ'zin] n. 菜餚;料理 ' 2. contemporary [kən'tɛmpə rɛrɪ] adj. 當代的 3. tasty ['testɪ] adj. 好吃的 4. ingredient [ɪn'gridɪənt] n. 原料;成分

World

5. recipe ['rɛsəpɪ] n. 烹飪法;食譜 6. depend on v. phr. 依靠;依賴 7. fiery ['faɪərɪ] adj. 火一般的

8. digestion [daɪ'dʒɛstʃən] n. 消化;消化作用

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NORTH AMERICA

Reading Comprehension

UNIT

15

W

文學、藝術與歷史

The Statue of Liberty

★★☆

hat first comes to your mind when you hear the words “New York”? Perhaps you may see an image of an enormous woman holding a torch high up in the air. This figure, the Statue of Liberty, can be seen in almost everything that has to do with New York. It has appeared on television and in movies, posters, paintings, and even video games. Where did this statue come from and why was it built? The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island at the entrance to New York Harbor. It was a gift from the people of France to the people of the United States, presented as a sign of friendship between the two countries. It is also one of the largest statues ever built. Upon completion, it was taken apart and packed into 214 wooden crates. The crates arrived by ship in the United States on June 17th, 1885, and the statue then had to be reassembled. On October 28th, 1886, the Statue of Liberty was dedicated with an official ceremony to commemorate the alliance between France and America. All those who visit New York Harbor can easily see this magnificent statue of a tall woman in a long gown holding a torch over her head and a book in her hand. The woman is Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom. The book in her hand is a tablet of laws, on which is inscribed the American Declaration of Independence. With a broken chain at her feet, this lady is truly a sight to behold. Ever since the statue was placed on Liberty Island, over twelve million immigrants from countries such as Ireland, Germany, and Italy have been greeted by this symbol of freedom. After a long trip across the Atlantic Ocean, immigrants would stand along the railings of their ships to admire “Lady Liberty.” Today, people who visit New York can take a ferry ride to Liberty Island and tour the Statue of Liberty.

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Asia

   1. What is the main idea of the passage? (A) Many people visit the Statue of Liberty every year. (B) The Statue of Liberty is a symbol of friendship and freedom for many people. (C) The Statue of Liberty was packed into 214 boxes and then reassembled. (D) The State of New York welcomes immigrants with the Statue of Liberty. 主旨大意題

   3. Which best describes the Statue of Liberty? (A) A god with a torch in his hand. (B) A goddess holding a torch and a book. (C) An ivory goddess bearing arms. (D) A god of victory welcoming tourists.

Central & South America

詞意判斷題

North America

   2. According to the passage, what is most likely the definition of “immigrants”? (A) Tourists from all over the world coming to see new attractions. (B) People leaving their own countries and moving to another. (C) Rich investors that come to America to help others. (D) Rulers and representatives from around the globe.

細節理解題

1. liberty ['lɪbɚtɪ] n. 自由;自由權 3. crate [kret] n. 條板箱 '

Oceania & Antarctica

字彙 大觀園

Europe

推理引申題

ord key w

Africa

   4. We can NOT infer from this passage that      . (A) the Statue of Liberty is a landmark of New York (B) the Statue of Liberty symbolizes the friendship between France and the United States (C) these immigrants all disliked their home countries (D) tourists come to New York to see the statue every year

2. take apart v. phr. 拆卸;拆開

4. reassemble [ riə'sɛmbḷ] v. 重新召集;再集合 5. alliance [ə'laɪəns] n. 同盟

World

6. magnificent [mæg'nɪfəsṇt] adj. 壯麗的;宏偉的;宏大的 7. tablet ['tæblət] n. 刻寫板 8. inscribe [ɪn'skraɪb] v. 在……上寫 '

9. declaration [ dɛklə'reʃən] n. 宣佈;宣告;宣言 10. immigrant ['ɪməgrənt] n. (外來)移民;僑民

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Africa

植物與動物

Reading Comprehension

UNIT

2

★★☆

Elephants Can Tell

【100 學科能力測驗】 t is easy for us to tell our friends from our enemies. But can other animals do the same? Elephants can! They can use their sense of vision and smell to tell the difference between people who pose a threat and those who do not. In Kenya, researchers found that elephants react differently to clothing worn by men of the Maasai and Kamba ethnic groups. Young Maasai men spear animals and thus pose a threat to elephants; Kamba men are mainly farmers and are not a danger to elephants. In an experiment conducted by animal scientists, elephants were first presented with clean clothing or clothing that had been worn for five days by either a Maasai or a Kamba man. When the elephants detected the smell of clothing worn by a Maasai man, they moved away from the smell faster and took longer to relax than when they detected the smells of either clothing worn by Kamba men or clothing that had not been worn at all. Garment color also plays a role, though in a different way. In the same study, when the elephants saw red clothing not worn before, they reacted angrily, as red is typically worn by Maasai men. Rather than running away as they did with the smell, the elephants acted aggressively toward the red clothing. The researchers believe that the elephants’ emotional reactions are due to their different interpretations of the smells and the sights. Smelling a potential danger means that a threat is nearby and the best thing to do is run away and hide. Seeing a potential threat without its smell means that risk is low. Therefore, instead of showing fear and running away, the elephants express their anger and become aggressive.

I

90


細節理解題

主旨大意題

推理引申題

rd y wo

ke

1. tell A from B v. phr. 辨別 A 和 B 3. threat [θrɛt] n. 威脅 5. conduct [kən'dʌkt] v. 執行 7. garment ['gɑrmənt] n. 衣物

Oceania & Antarctica

字彙 大觀園 2. vision ['vɪʒən] n. 視覺 4. spear [spɪr] v. 以矛刺

6. detect [dɪ'tɛkt] v. 偵測;察覺 8. role [rol] n. 角色

'

World

9. typically ['tɪpɪkḷɪ] adv. 典型地 10. aggressively [ə'grɛsɪvlɪ] adv. 有侵略性地;好鬥地 11. interpretation [ɪn tɝprɪ'teʃən] n. 解讀 13. risk [rɪsk] n. 風險

12. potential [pə'tɛnʃəl] adj. 潛在的

14. aggressive [ə'grɛsɪv] adj. 具有攻擊性的

Europe

   4. What can be inferred about the elephant’s behavior from this passage? (A) Elephants learn from their experiences. (B) Elephants have sharper sense of smell than sight. (C) Elephants are more intelligent than other animals. (D) Elephants tend to attack rather than escape when in danger.

Africa

   3. What is the main idea of this passage? (A) Elephants use sight and smell to detect danger. (B) Elephants attack people who wear red clothing. (C) Scientists are now able to control elephants’ emotions. (D) Some Kenyan tribes understand elephants’ emotions very well.

Central & South America

   2. How did the elephants react to smell in the study? (A) They attacked a man with the smell of new clothing. (B) They needed time to relax when smelling something unfamiliar. (C) They became anxious when they smelled Kamba-scented clothing. (D) They were frightened and ran away when they smelled their enemies.

North America

何為真假題

Asia

   1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about Kamba and Maasai people? (A) Maasai people are a threat to elephants. (B) Kamba people raise elephants for farming. (C) Both Kamba and Maasai people are elephant hunters. (D) Both Kamba and Maasai people traditionally wear red clothing.

91


EUROPE

文化與習俗

Reading Comprehension

UNIT

11

The Scottish Kilt

★★☆

【101 學科能力測驗】 he kilt is a skirt traditionally worn by Scottish men. It is a tailored garment that is wrapped around the wearer’s body at the waist starting from one side, around the front and back and across the front again to the opposite side. The overlapping layers in front are called “aprons.” Usually, the kilt covers the body from the waist down to just above the knees. A properly made kilt should not be so loose that the wearer can easily twist the kilt around the body, nor should it be so tight that it causes bulging of the fabric where it is buckled. Underwear may be worn as one prefers. One of the most distinctive features of the kilt is the pattern of squares, or sett, it exhibits. The association of particular patterns with individual families can be traced back hundreds of years. Then in the Victorian era (19th century), weaving companies began to systematically record and formalize the system of setts for commercial purposes. Today there are also setts for States and Provinces, schools and universities, and general patterns that anybody can wear. The kilt can be worn with accessories. On the front apron, there is often a kilt pin, topped with a small decorative family symbol. A small knife can be worn with the kilt too. It typically comes in a very wide variety, from fairly plain to quite elaborate silverand jewel-ornamented designs. The kilt can also be worn with a sporran, which is the Gaelic word for pouch or purse.

T

114


Asia

   1. What’s the proper way of wearing the kilt? (A) It should be worn with underwear underneath it. (B) It should loosely fit on the body to be turned around. (C) It should be long enough to cover the wearer’s knees. (D) It should be wrapped across the front of the body two times. 細節理解題

North America

   2. Which of the following is a correct description about setts? (A) They were once symbols for different Scottish families. (B) They were established by the government for business purposes. (C) They represented different States and Provinces in the 19th century. (D) They used to come in one general pattern for all individuals and institutions.    3. Which of the following items is NOT typically worn with the kilt for decoration? (A) A pin. (B) A purse. (C) A ruby apron. (D) A silver knife. 何為真假題

Africa

   4. What is the purpose of this passage? (A) To introduce a Scottish garment. (B) To advertise a weaving pattern. (C) To persuade men to wear kilts. (D) To compare a skirt with a kilt.

Central & South America

何為真假題

主旨大意題

ord

Europe

key w

字彙 大觀園

'

2. traditionally [trə'dɪʃənḷɪ] adv. 傳統上 4. garment ['gɑrmənt] n. 衣物

5. overlap [ ovɚ'læp] v. 重疊 7. distinctive [dɪ'stɪŋktɪv] adj. 特殊的

6. buckle ['bʌkḷ] v. 扣住 8. exhibit [ɪg'zɪbɪt] v. 展現

14. typically ['tɪpɪkḷɪ] adv. 典型地 16. elaborate [ɪ'læbərɪt] adj. 精巧的

15. variety [və'raɪətɪ] n. 變化;多樣性

9. trace [tres] v. 追溯

Oceania & Antarctica

1. kilt [kɪlt] n. 蘇格蘭裙 3. tailored ['telɚd] adj. 訂做的

World

10. weave [wiv] v. 編織 ' 11. systematically [ sɪstə'mætɪkḷɪ] adv. 有系統地 ' 12. formalize ['fɔrmḷ aɪz] v. 使正式 13. decorative ['dɛkərətɪv] adv. 裝飾性的 17. jewel-ornamented ['dʒuəl 'ɔrnəməntɪd] adj. 珠寶裝飾的

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