LUKE D. MURPHREE LM DESIGN PORTFOLIO
The University of Tennessee Master of Landscape Architecture
STUDIO WORKS RE-MEASURING THE LANDSCAPE SOLAR GREENWAYS OAK RIDGE MASTER PLAN OAK RIDGE WETLAND PARK INTERPRETIVE CENTER CLOUD OBSERVATORY HGTV PRODUCTION GARDENS LIITTO
TECHNICAL CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS PHYSICAL MODELING HAND GRAPHICS
THE LANDSCAPE LM RE-MEASURING University of Tennessee | Fall 2011 FIRST PLACE MEDALISTS Established in honor of the School of Architectureâ€™s former director, Max Robinson, the MAX_minimum Design Competition is a recurring annual design competition meant to encourage the greatest impact on the design environment with the least possible means. In an effort to fulďŹ ll a signiďŹ cant programmatic need of the College, foster interdisciplinary collaboration, and give purpose to an underused space, this competition involved the design of an assembly space in the Reading Room Courtyard of the Art and Architecture Building. Each team was composed of a mixture of four landscape architecture, architecture, and interior design students. Students were given less than 72 hours to complete the assignment. Our project focused on a garden created for beauty, leisure, and education as the College of Architecture and Design presents itself as a teaching tool for Landscape Architecture and Architecture. Professors of landscape and design are able to give lectures in front of their most powerful educational apparatus: the garden. The amphitheater allows for a transitory theater screen to project student work and timeless movies, while the stage promotes conversations of the landscape. The garden promotes a more regional landscape, and is composed of three distinct spaces: the edible garden, water garden, and shade garden.
5 STUDIO WORKS
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RE-MEASURING THE LANDSCAPE 6
GREENWAYS LM SOLAR Knoxville, TN | Fall 2011 TN ASLA HONOR AWARD Energy resources play a vital role in both causing and preventing climate change. This project, completed with teammate Patrick Osborne, examines how landscape architecture can be used as a tool to help mitigate the inevitable effects of climate change in the future. Solar Roadways, originally conceived of by Scott Brusaw and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, seeks to replace the entirety of the nation’s asphalt roadways with solar panels as a way to generate renewable energy. This project utilizes both the technology developed in Brusaw’s Solar Roadways concept and the application of greenway network principles to create an energy-harvesting solar greenway solution.
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W I L L I A M S C R E E K G R E E N WAY
F I R S T C R E E K G R E E N WAY
y TENNESSEE RIVER
SOLAR PRODUCTION PA R K
S ca l e : 1” =2000’
7 STUDIO WORKS
First Creek Greenway Perspective
SOLAR GREENWAYS 8
Underground Greenway Perspective This portion of the greenway will utilize the existing underground infrastructure of the channelized First Creek Greenway. As the interactive walkway system and natural lighting entice visitors, the corridor will serve as a First Creek historical museum and cultural center, allowing its visitors to learn more about East Knoxville and First Creek.
9 STUDIO WORKS
SOLAR GREENWAYS 10
Prepared for the City of Oak Ridge, TN in collaboration with the Metropolitan Planning Commission of Knox County, this 50-year master plan provides a design and planning framework that can help shape Oak Ridge into a desirable destination that builds on its history while capitalizing on its role as a research and development center of the Southeast. This four week studio project was completed by teams of two, and it built on a previous study of how low-density sprawl negatively impacts the economy, environment, and society.
RIDGE MASTER PLAN LM OAK Oak Ridge, TN | Fall 2012
LIGHT RAIL LINE BUS ROUTE GREENWAY BICYCLE LANES
EXISTING BUILDINGS LODGING TOURIST SINGLE FAMILY RESIDENTIAL MULTI FAMILY RESIDENTIAL OFFICE HARD SURFACE SOFT SURFACE GREENWAY
Open Space Connections
11 STUDIO WORKS
CIVIC/ INSTITUTIONAL MIXED USE- RETAIL/ RESIDENTIAL MIXED USE- RETAIL/ OFFICE MIXED USE- RETAIL/ OFFICE/ RESIDENTIAL
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Amphitheater History Museum The Esplanade Jackson Square Intermodal Transit Hub Wetland Park DOE Solar BrightďŹ eld Recreation Complex Business Park Neighborhood Linear Park Football Stadium Community Park Intermittent Stream Corridor
OAK RIDGE MASTER PLAN 12
RIDGE WETLAND PARK LM OAK Oak Ridge, TN | Fall 2012 OA O AK KR RII D DG E TU UR RN NP P IK I KE KE This project investigates how landscape infrastructure can be seamlessly integrated within an urban environment with the purpose of stormwater management, habitat creation, and public recreational use. Since the site lies within the existing drainage ﬂow of its surrounding context, two types of wetlands have been designed in order to slow the water and allow for ﬁltration, inﬁltration, and aquifer re-charge: urban ﬁltration bogs and naturalized wetlands. The urban ﬁltration bogs bring these hydrologic systems to the public eye in an artful and playful manner as they are threaded throughout the civic plaza of the proposed inter-modal transit hub. Collected stormwater cascades through the bogs and is discharged into the naturalized wetland. Excess stormwater by-passes the bog system and is released directly into the naturalized wetland.
AD AD MIN IST RATIO N RO
13 STUDIO WORKS
L ABO RATO RY ROA D
LEGEND 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
The Esplanade Pedestrian Tunnel Crosswalk Filtration Bog Primary Stormwater Canal Transit Station Garden Club Gardens Polishing/ReďŹ‚ecting Pool Pavilion Grass Berm Boardwalk Collection Pond Discharge Point Parking Lot Parking Garage
OAK RIDGE WETLAND PARK 14
Oblique Aerial View Looking North
15 STUDIO WORKS
WATER RUN-OFF During rain events, large amounts of water accumulate from impervious surfaces like parking lots, roads, and rooftops.
COLLECTION + STORAGE Water is collected via drainage pipes stored in underground cisterns and passed through UV ﬁlter to remove harmful bacteria
Primary Drainage Canal
FILTRATION BOGS Water passes through ﬁltration bogs. Aquatic vegetation ﬁlter out the suspended particles in the water.
AERATION Filtered water overﬂows into a lower poll that engages the pedestrian.
Reﬂ ection Pool
DISCHARGE Water is discharged and ﬂows in the naturalized wetland polishing pond.
Underground Storage Cistern
Reﬂ ection Pool
OAK RIDGE WETLAND PARK 16
Section Through Turnpike and Wetland Park The park’s primary axis descends through a pedestrian tunnel that connects the esplanade with the wetland park. The terraces respond to existing topography while suggesting a ceremonial descent to the naturalized wetlands. The wetlands employ a myriad of natural processes that aid in stormwater management, including ﬁltration, inﬁltration, and evapotranspiration. Large swaths of native plant communities aid in habitat creation.
Oak Ridge Turnpike Tunnel
17 SELECTED WORKS
Terrace Bog #1
habitat cre eation evapotranspiration f iltratio n inďŹ ltration Discharge to wetland
DOE Federal Building Boardwalk
OAK RIDGE WETLAND PARK 18
The Filtration Bogs After the collected stormwater has been treated in the UV ﬁltration system, water is pumped into upper pools via the water supply line. The water cascades from the upper pools into the ﬁltration bogs that slow the water and remove its sediments and harmful toxins. Water is then released in numerous waterfalls where it can be further enjoyed by pedestrians as it ﬂows to the discharge point at the base of the plaza.
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19 STUDIO WORKS
Bog Threshold Bridge Stainless Steel
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OAK RIDGE WETLAND PARK 20
CENTER LM INTERPRETIVE Kodak, TN | Spring 2012
This ﬁve-week studio project was designed by a team of one landscape architecture and two architecture students. The purpose of this proposed interpretive center at Seven Islands Wildlife Refuge is to introduce visitors to the experiences that await them as they explore the grounds. This center was designed with site integration and regenerative systems in mind. These systems treat water, generate energy, and utilize reclaimed materials to make a self sufficient building. Consideration was also given to treating the center as a minimum intrusion upon the existing context while operating as the “gateway” to Seven Islands Wildlife Refuge. Adhering to this principle, the center preserves existing views while framing new experiences.
View from road
View from top of ramp during rain
Seven Islands Trails Plan 21 STUDIO WORKS
View from constructed wetland
Interpretive Center Plan INTERPRETIVE CENTER 22
Section through Interpretive Center + Wetland The proposed wetland is divided into two uniďŹ ed sections. One will catch and store the roof rain water to be used for the toilets inside. The other wetland area will collect the oil-contaminated stormwater from the parking lot and perform natural ďŹ ltration.
23 STUDIO WORKS
INTERPRETIVE CENTER 24
OBSERVATORY LM CLOUD Kodak, TN | Spring 2012
Geomorphology, climate, soils, and ﬂora and fauna interconnect. This observatory project follows an investigation of how the processes of these four factors shape the observatory’s surrounding landscape of the Seven Islands Wildlife Refuge. The client’s program included provisions for the activities of a user for a 24 hour visit; one must eat, sleep, and bathe on site. The visitor will use the observatory to enhance understanding of the process of cloud/fog formation and moisture as it travels to and from earth’s surface. One is able to not only observe, but also experience and measure the change in clouds in the morning, noon, and night. The observatory condenses the unique qualities of the river and regions’s atmosphere and intensiﬁes them in perception. By connecting people with the natural process of fog and cloud formation and the stages of the water cycle, this observatory offers a unique opportunity to experience, and feel the awe-inspiring aspects of the earth’s atmosphere. This experience can remind us of our connection to nature and instill knowledge of place and stewardship.
Top of Observatory
25 STUDIO WORKS
Fog Viewing Area
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Site Plan of Seven Islands Wildlife Refuge
CLOUD OBSERVATORY 26
Obs b erve • • • •
Balloon inﬂation from rising air Ba Aftter ernoon and evening clouds Clo oud movement Cloud d Col C lor or
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Sleep Lull of air speed and energy
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27 STUDIO WORKS
Fog formation from river Accumulation on fog nets Fog lifting
Awake To water drops from fog collection system
Night Arrival Falling cool air of the night
CLOUD OBSERVATORY 28
Observatory Conditions Through the Day
29 STUDIO WORKS
STAINLESS STEEL NETTING SUPPORT 3/8” GLASS STAINLESS STEEL SUPPORT BRACKET
CLEAR LATEX BALLOON
1/2”-PLEXI-GLASS WATER BASIN
1/2”X8” CARRIAGE BOLT
2” BEVELED STAINLESS STEEL HANDRAIL
6” CONCRETE WALL
1” COPPER PIPE
BALL VALVE ANGLED STEEL BRACKET SUPPORT
SHOWER HEAD 1/8” GLASS DIVIDE
3/8” GLASS 4x4 W4.0/4.0 WELDED WIRE MESH
STAINLESS STEEL SUPPORT COLUMN
TOP LEVEL CONNECTIONS SINK + FAUCET
SCALE: 1” = 1”
3/8” TEMPERED GLASS 5” STAINLESS STEEL COLUMN RUBBER GASKET SEAL
1” STAINLESS STEEL LADDER INSET
WATER BASIN CONNECTION SECTION SCALE: 1” = 1”
TYPICAL BEAM + LADDER SECTION SCALE: 3” = 1”
KEY PLAN SCALE: 1/4” = 1”
CLOUD OBSERVATORY 30
PRODUCTION GARDENS LM HGTV Knoxville, TN | Fall 2011
Completed by a team of three, this project consists of a planting design and master plan for a vacant lot that is part of Scripps Networks Interactive corporate headquarters in Knoxville, TN. The primary design objective was to create a planting plan that would provide a grand entrance while making the statement to vehicle traffic that HGTV resides in Knoxville. The secondary objective was to create a masterplan that would weave this planting design into a comprehensive design of open and enclosed spaces that would serve as HGTV’s ﬁlm production gardens. These production gardens consist of four main areas: the main gathering space, the vendor exhibition area, the meadow and open lawn area, and the wetland.
ALLEE OF LACEBARK ELMS- 18 ‘INDIAN SUMMER’ BLACK EYED SUSAN RED KNOCKOUT ROSE- 11 EASTERN REDBUD- 5 ‘KARL FOERESTER’ FEATHER REED GRASS- 21
‘ORANGE VELVET’ DAYLILY ‘EMILY BRUNER’ HOLLY- 5 RUSSIAN SAGE ‘KARL FOERESTER’ FEATHER REED GRASS- 26 ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 2 ‘CLEOPATRA’ LIRIOPE
EASTERN REDBUD- 8 ‘INDIAN SUMMER’ BLACK EYED SUSAN ‘RUBY’ LOROPETALUM- 17 ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1
LACEBARK ELM- 3 ‘GREEN GIANT’ ARBORVITAE- 4 EASTERN REDBUD- 3 RED KNOCKOUT ROSE- 10
RUSSIAN SAGE LACEBARK ELM- 3
‘NATCHEZ’ CREPE MYRTLE- 6 ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1
‘EMILY BRUNER’ HOLLY- 11 ‘KARL FOERESTER’ FEATHER REED GRASS- 18
‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1 RED KNOCKOUT ROSE- 11 EASTERN REDBUD- 3
Plant List Common Name
Bald Cypress Commemoration Sugar Maple Eastern Redbud Emily Bruner Holly Green Giant Arborvitae Japanese Cryptomeria Lacebark Elm Natchez Crepe Myrtle
Taxodium distichum Acer sacharum Var. 'Commemoration' Cercis Canadensis Ilex x 'Emily Bruner' Thuja standishii x plicata 'Green Giant' Cryptomeria japonica Ulmus parvifolia Lagerstroemia indica 'Natchez'
5 19 34 42 13 9 38 18
3" Cal. 3" Cal. 8'-10' ht. 5-6' ht. 8'-10' ht. 8'-10' ht. 3" Cal. 8'-10' ht.
Taxus x media 'Densiformis' Rosa 'Radtko' Loropetalum chinense var. Rubrum
21 93 54
30"-36" spr 30"-36" spr 30"-36" spr
RED KNOCKOUT ROSE- 16 LACEBARK ELM- 1
‘GREEN GIANT’ ARBORVITAE- 3 EASTERN REDBUD- 3 LACEBARK ELM- 3 ‘INDIAN SUMMER’ BLACK EYED SUSAN ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1 ‘RUBY’ LOROPETALUM- 37
‘EMILY BRUNER’ HOLLY- 11 LACEBARK ELM- 3
Shrubs Densiformis Spreading Yew Red Knockout Rose Ruby Loropetalum
‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1
Groundcover, Grasses + Perennials
‘NATCHEZ’ CREPE MYRTLE- 3 ‘EMILY BRUNER’ HOLLY- 7 ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1 RED KNOCKOUT ROSE- 12 ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1
Cleopatra Liriope Indian Summer Black Eyed Susan Karl Foerester Feather Reed Grass Orange Velvet Daylily
Liriope muscari 'Cleopatra' Rudbeckia hirta 'Indian Summer' Calamagrostis acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' Hemerocallis 'Orange Velvet'
12" O.C. 16" O.C. 155 16" O.C.
4 " pots 1 gal. 3 gal. 1 gal.
‘KARL FOERESTER’ FEATHER REED GRASS- 23
‘GREEN GIANT’ ARBORVITAE- 6 EASTERN REDBUD- 3 ‘ORANGE VELVET’ DAYLILY
RED KNOCKOUT ROSE- 10 LACEBARK ELM- 1 ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 1 LACEBARK ELM- 2 RUSSIAN SAGE ‘EMILY BRUNER’ HOLLY- 5 ‘NATCHEZ’ CREPE MYRTLE- 9 ‘CLEOPATRA’ LIRIOPE ‘COMMEMORATION’ SUGAR MAPLE- 5 ‘KARL FOERESTER’ FEATHER REED GRASS- 7 EASTERN REDBUD- 2 ‘ORANGE VELVET’ DAYLILY RED KNOCKOUT ROSE- 14 JAPANESE CRYPTOMERIA- 6 ‘KARL FOERESTER’ FEATHER REED GRASS-19 ‘DENSIFORMIS’ SPREADING YEW- 21 RUSSIAN SAGE ‘CLEOPATRA’ LIRIOPE
31 STUDIO WORKS
The main gathering and production space is enclosed by a model home, outdoor kitchen, and edible gardens. This space promotes hybrid use as a potential location for large events or exploration and learning for visitors that wish to learn more about ways to enhance their own living spaces.
Main Gathering/Production Space .CEGDCTM'NO
The entrance concept revolves around a concrete ribbon wall that grows in presence as one draws nearer to the entrance. Plantings are designed in masses based on seasonal color, form, and textures in order to maximize visual interest.
HGTV PRODUCTION GARDENS 32
LM LIITTO Helsinki, Finland | Summer-Fall 2011
Organized by the Helsinki City Planning Department, the South Harbor ideas competition challenged entrants to create a comprehensive ideas plan for the South Harbor that could be used as a basis for the future development of the area. The purpose of the competition was to integrate the area more tightly into the city structure while providing city residents access to the sea and the opportunity to experience and create urban culture. Completed by a team of seven students under the guidance of professors Ken McCown and Scott Wall, this proposal solves these problems by focusing on the harbor’s Liitoa (Joints) between land, sea, city, and sky. Since the existing infrastructure of the cruise ships in the South Harbor severs these joints, Liitto presents a reengagement of Helsinki’s traditional sea entry by moving the cruise ships to the south-facing facilities on Katajanokka to return the harbor’s edge to the public and link this public space back into the city. The space brings people to the harbor’s edge and allows visitors an immediate sense of entry to the city. The waterfront is the new public boundary of sea and city, land and sky as the old Esplanadi extends to Katajanokka and the Kaivopuisto area merges with the public edge of the harbor. As a result of these interventions, public active space rejoins the waterfront.
33 STUDIO WORKS
Open the Waterfront to the Public
Connect the Open Space to the City
South Harbor Concept
35 STUDIO WORKS
DRAWINGS LM CONSTRUCTION Knoxville, TN | Spring 2012
These construction drawings were created in AutoCAD to illustrate knowledge of how various landscape structures are built. These drawings are part of a complete construction document set required in an advanced construction course, which consists of a site plan, grading plan, staking plan, deck framing plan, and two sheets of 18 construction details.
Retaining Wall Detail
Bench Detail 39 TECHNICAL
Deck Framing Plan
CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS 40
Deck Ledger Detail
Deck Railing Detail
Wall and Firepit Detail
CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS 42
MODELING LM PHYSICAL Various Site Locations | Summer 2010 - Spring 2012
Model building is an effective tool in the design process that helps visualize design concepts and site topography. These images portray a sampling of models that I have build collaboratively and individually.
PHYSICAL MODELING 44
GRAPHICS LM HAND Spring 2008 - Spring 2012
Drawing has always been enjoyable for me, and has been an irreplaceable tool in exploring design ideas. These quick sketches often form the basis for future renderings that occur within Photoshop and SketchUp.
HAND GRAPHICS 46
Barcelona Pavilion Montage Ink Transfer + Photograph
THANK YOU FOR VIEWING MY WORK
Luke D. Murphree | firstname.lastname@example.org The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Master of Landscaspe Architecture | 2013
Published on Jan 9, 2013
Selected works from my graduate studies in the Landscape Architecture Program at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Graduation - May...