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Compact guides

Basic figures on the EU Spring 2012

Eurostat publishes official, harmonised statistics on the European Union (EU) and the euro area which offer an objective portrayal of social and economic trends. These statistics are available for EU Member States, and are sometimes broken down by region. Furthermore, some of the indicators are published for candidate countries and other non-member countries. Eurostat collects data from national statistical institutes; the statistics are harmonised according to Europe-wide methodologies. Data are, therefore, genuinely comparable across the whole of the EU. Website Eurostat’s website: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat provides free access to EU statistics, and is also available in German and French. Statistics Explained is a wiki-based system that presents statistical topics in an easy to understand way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopaedia of European statistics and can be accessed at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained. There one can also access continuously updated virtual publications — Eurostat yearbook and Regional yearbook. Eurostat releases a range of publications, all of which are free of charge on its website in PDF format; some of these are also available in German and French. Among these, the pocketbook – Key figures on Europe – 2011 edition – provides a comprehensive set of information introducing readers to most statistical themes that are covered by Eurostat. Contact details: Eurostat Statistical office of the European Union 5, rue Alphonse Weicker 2721 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG E-mail: estat-user-support@ec.europa.eu More information: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat ISSN 1831-9556 © European Union 2012 Cover: © Phovoir

KS-GL-12-001-EN-C

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

General information Coverage The tables show information for the EU, the euro area, the EU Member States and three EFTA countries. The euro area (EA-17) is composed of: Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland. The EU (EU-27) includes the EA-17 countries and also: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The three EFTA countries covered are: Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. The information presented in this short guide is generally based on fixed EU and euro area aggregates for 27 and 17 Member States respectively – however, the data for inflation is based on moving aggregates that reflect the membership of the EU and euro area over time. Quarterly growth rates are expressed in relation to the previous quarter. Quarterly rates are generally calculated using seasonally adjusted data, although rates for the public balance, government debt and long-term unemployment are based on non seasonally adjusted data. Furthermore, annual rates of change for inflation are also based on non seasonally adjusted data. Symbols and abbreviations : not available Figures in italics are estimates, provisional or forecasts Extraction date Data were extracted on: 31 January 2012 The next edition (extraction planned: 30 April 2012) will be issued in May 2012. The most recent data is available at http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/ portal/page/portal/statistics/search_database Data codes The Eurostat online data code, which is given at the bottom of each column of data in the tables and as part of the source for figures, provides users with a quick and efficient way of accessing the most upto-date statistics. When used through the ‘search’ facility of Eurostat’s website, each data code directs users to the corresponding dataset offering the freshest data and longer time-series.


Europe 2020 strategy indicators, EU-27

Principal European economic indicators

Education

Climate change / energy

R&D

Employment

2008 2009

Target 75

Employment rate, aged 20-64 (% of population)

70.3

69.0

68.6

- women

62.8

62.3

62.1

- men

77.9

75.8

75.1

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP)

1.9

2.0

2.0

3

Greenhouse gas emissions (1990=100)

89

83

:

80

Renewables share of final energy consumption (%) Energy intensity (kgoe/(EUR 1 000 of GDP))

10.5

20

167.4 165.2

:

(1) 10

14.4

14.1

- women

12.9

12.5

12.2

- men

16.9

16.3

16.0

Tertiary education attainment, aged 30-34 (%)

31.1

32.3

33.6

- women

34.3

35.7

37.2

- men

28.0

28.9

30.0

115.7 113.7

People at-risk-of poverty or exclusion (%) - with very low work intensity (%) - after social transfers (%) - severely materially deprived (%)

115.5

2.5

-2.5

:

14.9

GDP, quarterly growth rate (%)

0.0

11.7

Early leavers from education & training (%)

People at-risk-of poverty or exclusion (million) Poverty / social exclusion

2010

Inflation, annual rate of change, EU (%)

40

-5.0 Q1-2003

Q1-2005 EU-27

Q1-2007 Japan

Q1-2009 Q1-2011 United States

Labour cost index, quarterly growth rate (%)

EU-27

Q1-2007 Q1-2009 Euro area (EA-17)

Q1-2011

Trade of goods and services, quarterly growth rate, EU-27 (%) 10

23.6

23.1

23.4

5

9.0

9.0

9.9

0

16.4

16.3

16.4

8.4

8.1

8.1

-5

(1) Proxy indicator: target is to increase energy efficiency by 20 %. Source: Eurostat (http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/europe_2020_indicators/headline_indicators)

-10 Q1-2003

Q1-2005 Q1-2007 Exports of goods Exports of services

Source: Eurostat (online data code: namq_exi_k)

4

6

8

10

12

5

6

Dec. 2011 (2)

Inflation, annual rate of change, all-items indices, December 2011 (%)

Source: Eurostat (online data code: lc_lci_r2_q)

20 mil. less

2

Dec. 2010

-1

Q1-2005

0

(1) Estimate for December 2010. (2) Provisional. Source: Eurostat (online data code: prc_hicp_manr)

Source: Eurostat (online data code: namq_gdp_k)

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 -0.5 Q1-2003

-2 All-items 1 Energy ( ) Housing Transport       Alcoholic bev. & tobacco Food & non-alcoholic bev. Health Restaurants & hotels Education Household equipment Clothing & footwear Recreation & culture Communications Miscellaneous

Q1-2009 Q1-2011 Imports of goods Imports of services

0

1

EU (1) Euro area (1) Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Hungary Malta (1) Netherlands (1) Austria (1) Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden United Kingdom (2) Iceland Norway Switzerland (1) Provisional. (2) November 2011. Source: Eurostat (online data code: prc_hicp_manr)

2

3

4


Economy, public finance GDP in current prices

EU-27 Euro area (EA-17) Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Hungary Malta Netherlands Austria Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden United Kingdom Iceland Norway Switzerland Online data code: Source: Eurostat

(EUR / (EUR 1 000 inhabitant) million) 2010 24 400 12 256 27 600 9 161 32 600 354 4 800 36 14 200 149 42 500 236 30 300 2 477 10 700 14 34 900 156 20 100 227 22 800 1 051 29 800 1 933 25 700 1 556 21 600 17 8 000 18 8 400 28 79 500 40 9 700 97 14 800 6 35 400 588 34 100 286 9 300 354 16 200 173 5 800 124 17 300 35 12 100 66 33 600 180 37 000 347 27 400 1 706 29 900 9 64 500 315 51 200 399 nama_gdp_c

GDP growth in volume

Public balance

Government debt

Quarterly growth rate (%)

(% of GDP)

(% of GDP)

Q2-2011 Q3-2011 -4.3 : -3.7 : 1.4 -9.0 -0.6 0.2 -0.5 -3.2 -2.0 -3.6 : : 4.5 3.7 -8.2 -10.6 -12.3 -9.4 -9.9 -6.1 : : -3.4 -2.7 -7.0 1.9 0.9 -0.8 -5.1 -1.5 4.5 -1.8 -4.2 -5.6 -6.7 -2.5 -8.5 -5.4 -2.0 -2.9 -6.3 -2.2 -9.0 -3.8 -4.1 -3.0 -7.5 -5.0 -5.0 -2.5 5.0 -1.4 4.4 0.5 -10.3 -7.5 -5.3 -4.4 14.8 14.5 : : gov_q_ggnfa

Q2-2011 Q3-2011 81.7 82.2 87.7 87.4 98.0 98.5 15.2 15.0 39.0 39.8 46.4 49.3 82.0 81.8 6.2 6.1 102.3 104.9 154.7 159.1 66.0 66.0 86.0 85.2 121.2 119.6 67.4 67.5 45.1 44.6 38.1 37.6 18.8 18.5 77.7 82.6 71.9 70.3 63.8 64.5 72.1 71.6 55.9 56.3 106.5 110.1 34.3 33.3 44.4 44.4 42.7 42.2 45.5 47.2 37.3 37.0 83.9 85.2 : : 41.8 39.0 : : gov_q_ggdebt

Q1-2011 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.0 1.3 3.0 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.1 -0.2 1.2 2.1 0.2 0.5 -0.3 0.8 0.9 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.1 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.4 2.8 -0.5 0.4

Q2-2011 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 1.0 0.3 1.7 1.9 : 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.2 2.1 1.8 -0.9 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.5 1.2 -0.2 0.9 0.0 0.8 0.1 1.0 0.0 -3.6 0.5 0.5 teina011

Q3-2011 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.5 0.5 1.2 1.6 : 0.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.7 1.7 1.4 0.6 0.5 0.3 -0.2 0.3 1.0 -0.6 1.8 -0.2 0.8 0.9 1.6 0.6 4.7 1.4 0.2


Population, living conditions and education Population Share of age Total group (%) (1) (million) <15 65+ 1.1.2011 EU-27 502.50 15.6 17.4 Euro area (EA-17) 331.98 15.4 18.3 Belgium 10.95 16.9 17.2 Bulgaria 7.50 13.8 17.7 Czech Republic 10.53 14.4 15.5 Denmark 5.56 17.9 16.8 Germany 81.75 13.4 20.6 Estonia 1.34 15.3 17.0 Ireland 4.48 21.8 11.6 Greece 11.31 14.4 19.3 Spain 46.15 15.1 17.1 France 65.08 18.5 16.8 Italy 60.63 14.0 20.3 Cyprus 0.80 16.9 13.1 Latvia 2.23 13.7 17.4 Lithuania 3.24 15.0 16.5 Luxembourg 0.51 17.6 13.9 Hungary 9.99 14.6 16.7 Malta 0.42 15.3 15.5 Netherlands 16.66 17.5 15.6 Austria 8.40 14.7 17.6 Poland 38.20 15.1 13.6 Portugal 10.64 15.1 18.2 Romania 21.41 15.2 14.9 Slovenia 2.05 14.2 16.5 Slovakia 5.44 15.3 12.4 Finland 5.38 16.5 17.5 Sweden 9.42 16.6 18.5 United Kingdom 62.44 17.4 16.6 Iceland 0.32 20.9 12.3 Norway 4.92 18.7 15.1 Switzerland 7.87 15.2 16.8 Online data code: tps00001 tps00010

Fertility rate (children / woman) (2) 1.59 : 1.84 1.49 1.49 1.87 1.39 1.63 2.07 1.44 1.39 2.00 1.41 1.51 1.17 1.55 1.63 1.25 1.38 1.79 1.44 1.38 1.36 1.38 1.57 1.40 1.87 1.98 1.94 2.20 1.95 1.50 tsdde220

Life expectancy At-risk-of poverty rate at birth (%) (4) (years) (3) Men Women Men Women 2010 76.4 82.4 15.7 17.1 77.8 83.5 15.3 16.9 77.3 82.8 13.9 15.2 70.3 77.4 19.0 22.3 74.5 80.9 8.0 10.0 77.2 81.4 13.1 13.4 78.0 83.0 14.9 16.4 70.6 80.8 15.4 16.2 78.7 83.2 14.9 15.1 78.4 82.8 19.3 20.9 79.1 85.3 20.1 21.3 78.0 85.0 12.8 14.1 79.1 84.5 16.8 19.5 78.6 83.6 14.4 17.9 68.6 78.4 21.7 21.0 68.0 78.9 20.7 19.8 77.9 83.5 14.6 14.4 70.7 78.6 12.6 12.0 79.2 83.6 15.0 16.0 78.9 83.0 9.7 10.8 77.9 83.5 10.7 13.5 72.1 80.7 17.4 17.7 76.7 82.8 17.3 18.4 69.8 77.4 20.7 21.4 76.4 83.1 11.3 14.1 71.7 79.3 11.7 12.2 76.9 83.5 12.4 13.8 79.6 83.6 11.4 14.3 78.3 82.5 16.4 17.8 79.8 84.1 9.8 9.8 79.0 83.3 10.1 12.2 79.9 84.6 13.8 16.1 tps00025 tessi010

Educational Early leavers attainment from education (%) (5) and training (%) (6) Men Women Men Women 73.7 71.8 69.0 67.9 70.0 71.0 79.3 79.6 94.8 89.1 77.8 75.1 88.3 83.3 86.3 91.8 70.5 76.4 60.8 64.3 51.5 53.7 72.1 69.6 54.3 56.0 75.2 73.0 85.1 91.6 91.0 93.0 80.7 74.6 84.3 78.4 31.4 26.0 73.9 70.8 87.6 77.5 88.8 88.5 28.6 35.1 78.5 70.2 85.2 81.4 92.8 89.1 85.2 80.8 81.6 81.5 78.9 73.4 67.0 66.1 81.4 80.5 88.9 82.6 edat_lfse_08

16.0 12.2 18.0 13.1 13.8 10.0 13.2 14.5 4.9 4.8 13.6 7.5 12.7 11.0 15.2 9.3 12.6 8.4 16.5 10.8 33.5 23.1 15.4 10.3 22.0 15.4 16.2 9.8 17.2 9.4 9.9 6.2 8.0 6.0 11.5 9.5 41.0 32.4 12.2 7.9 8.4 8.2 7.2 3.5 32.7 24.6 18.6 18.2 6.4 3.3 4.6 4.9 11.6 9.0 10.9 8.5 15.8 14.0 26.0 19.0 21.4 13.2 6.1 7.0 t2020_40

(1) EU-27, EA-17, Belgium, Cyprus, Romania and Switzerland, 1.1.2010. (2) EU-27, Belgium, France, Italy, Cyprus, Romania, the United Kingdom and Switzerland, 2009. (3) Belgium, France, Cyprus, Romania, the United Kingdom and Switzerland, 2009; EU-27, EA-17 and Italy, 2008. (4) Ireland and Cyprus, 2009. (5) Those aged 25â&#x20AC;&#x201C;64 with at least an upper secondary education (level generally prior to higher education). (6) Percentage of the population aged 18-24 with at most a lower secondary education and not in further education or training; women in Estonia, 2009. Source: Eurostat


Employment and unemployment Employment

EU-27 Euro area (EA-17) Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Hungary Malta Netherlands Austria Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden United Kingdom Iceland Norway Switzerland Online data code: Source: Eurostat

Employment rate, aged 20-64 (% of population)

(1 000)

Total

Men

Women

Q3-2010 Q3-2011 224 175 224 087 146 859 147 269 4 577 4 654 3 663 3 544 5 096 5 100 2 798 2 770 40 740 41 235 554 603 1 852 1 806 4 763 4 403 18 778 18 504 26 789 26 989 24 512 24 672 397 398 949 975 1 350 1 378 : : 4 117 4 139 168 169 8 679 8 709 4 139 4 200 16 113 16 176 4 921 4 883 : : 969 952 2 180 2 216 2 468 2 499 4 636 4 734 31 185 31 277 : : 2 608 2 658 : : lfsi_grt_q

68.9 68.6 66.9 65.4 71.2 76.3 76.6 72.4 63.9 59.7 61.7 69.4 61.1 73.1 68.0 67.9 70.4 61.3 61.4 77.0 75.7 65.3 69.3 63.3 68.6 65.6 74.7 80.9 73.6 81.2 80.0 81.8

Q3-2011 75.4 75.4 72.4 68.3 80.3 79.7 81.8 75.6 68.7 70.9 67.9 74.2 73.0 80.2 69.4 68.6 78.3 67.7 78.5 82.8 81.6 73.0 74.0 70.2 72.1 73.2 76.6 83.7 79.4 84.8 82.8 88.6 lfsi_emp_q

62.4 62.0 61.4 62.6 61.8 72.9 71.4 69.5 59.2 48.4 55.5 64.8 49.4 66.0 66.7 67.2 62.2 55.2 43.6 71.2 69.9 57.7 64.7 56.4 64.9 57.9 72.7 78.0 67.9 77.6 77.1 74.8

Unemployment rate (% of the labour force) Youth, Total Long-term aged 15-24 Q3-2011 Q4-2011 Q3-2011 Q4-2011 Q3-2010 Q3-2011 9.7 9.8 21.5 22.1 3.8 4.1 10.2 10.4 20.8 21.3 4.3 4.5 7.3 7.2 20.5 20.9 4.2 3.8 11.0 11.0 25.4 25.8 4.5 6.2 6.6 6.7 18.1 19.1 3.1 2.7 7.5 7.8 14.8 14.9 1.5 1.7 5.8 5.6 8.5 8.0 3.2 2.8 11.3 : 21.8 : 8.2 6.3 14.5 14.4 29.3 28.8 7.0 8.8 18.3 : 45.7 : 5.7 9.1 22.1 22.8 47.1 48.6 7.4 8.9 9.7 9.8 22.7 23.5 4.0 4.0 8.4 : 29.0 : 3.8 4.1 8.0 9.0 23.0 25.8 1.3 1.8 14.8 : 30.0 : 8.3 7.9 15.3 : 31.0 : 7.5 8.0 4.9 5.0 15.3 14.7 1.0 1.4 10.9 10.8 26.1 26.3 5.7 5.1 6.4 6.5 13.9 14.1 3.4 2.7 4.4 4.9 7.6 8.5 1.2 1.4 3.8 4.1 7.3 8.5 1.1 0.9 9.7 9.9 25.9 27.4 3.0 3.6 12.7 13.2 29.9 30.6 6.6 5.9 7.5 7.2 23.4 : 2.6 3.0 8.1 8.2 15.2 15.2 3.3 3.3 13.4 13.5 33.7 35.2 9.4 8.7 7.7 7.6 20.0 19.9 2.0 1.7 7.3 7.5 22.3 22.8 1.5 1.3 8.3 : 21.8 : 2.6 2.7 : : : : : : 3.2 : 8.8 : 0.8 0.8 : : : : : : une_rt_q une_ltu_q

KS-GL-12-001-EN  

Symbols and abbreviations : not available Figures in italics are estimates, provisional or forecasts Eurostat, the statistical office of the...