SAFETY IN AN UNSAFE SITE:
An Analysis of Dangerous School Zones and Safer Transporta8on Alterna8ves in Manha;an, NY
Study: -‐There are areas with a higher risk of injury. -‐There are areas with no access to PB tracks. The best way to demonstrate that certain areas of the city in dire need of Protec>ve Bike Tracks don’t actually possess them was to set up a visual juxtaposi>on.
“The number of students walking or biking to and from school has decreased by more than 50 percent between 1969 and 2010. The study allocates responsibility for the general drop-‐oﬀ on growing street traﬃc, local percep8ons of crime, the weather and the overall propensity for child injuries.” -‐Na*onal Household Travel Survey
Ques8on 1: Are there areas in the city near schools with a high propensity for bike-‐vehicle crash incidence?
Ques8on 2: If so, what is the rela>on of these areas to the Protec>ve Bike Routes and Greenway Bike Routes provided by the MTA?
Variables The study is grounded on a three-‐pronged analysis of the social condi>ons in Manha@an. Seeking to reconstruct the most ‘dangerous’ school zones in Manha@an, it was essen>al to choose variables that most accurately signiﬁed the problema>c aspects of transporta>on to and from school in an urban seLng. All of these would necessitate direct engagement with a per>nent dataset. Ul>mately, school par*cipa*on, incidence of bicycle-‐ vehicle collision and the rela>ve posi>on of Protec*ve Bike tracks were chosen to be the factors at play; prominence of the ﬁrst two variables and absence of the la@er variable were employed as benchmarks for the deﬁni>on of a ‘dangerous’ school zone. Adverse, Non-‐PB Condi8ons
Resultant Op8mal Zones -‐Broadway, from Harlem to SoHo -‐Large Por>ons of the East Side -‐Lower East Side -‐Central Harlem/ “Polo Grounds” -‐Lincoln Square -‐Upper East Side -‐Morningside Heights
Restructured, PB Condi8ons
Resul8ng Visualiza8ons and Discussion Comparing the images produced by the selected data, it is evident that the problem of Bike safety is addressed inadequately in the City of New York. Admi@edly, there are severe restric>ons that hinder the prospect of dras>c spa>al redistribu>on in the city’s roads; every bike-‐speciﬁc track set up in the city involves considerable organiza>on and support. However, in a >me when bike culture progressively looks to be the best op>on for transporta>on of the general popula>on, programs that foster the safest kind of ac>vity should be encouraged.
Luis Miguel Pizano-‐Andrade -‐ URBS V2200.001 -‐ May 8, 2012
Provocation and Projection for Protective Bike Lanes in Manhattan. Based on Arc-GIS research and data provided by various open-source platf...