Liberal and Social Theories Chapter 3
Liberal Theories • Kant and Peace Liberal theories of IR try to explain how peace and cooperation are possible. The German philosopher Immanuel Kant 200 years ago gave three answers: The first one based on reciprocity principle. The second one, peace depends on the internal character of governments The third one which says that trade promotes peace.
â€˘ Liberal Institutionalism Treat rational actorsas capable of forgoing short-term individual interests to further the long-term which they belong.
International Regimes Itâ€™s a set of rules, norms, and procedures around which the expectations of actors converge in a certain issue area. â€˘ Collective Security Refers to the formation of a broad Alliance of most major actors in an international system for the porpuse of jointly opposing aggression by any actor.
The Democratic Peace Kant argued that lasting peace would depend on statesâ€™ becoming republics, with legislatures to check the power of monarchs (or presidents) to make war.
Social Theories They rely on social interaction to explain individuals’ and states’ preferences. • Identities and Ideas Matter Principles for solving collective good problems by changing participants’ preferences based on their shared sense of belonging to a community.
Marxism Marxist approaches to IR hold that both IR and domestic politics arise from inequal relationships between social clases.
A summary of chapter 3 from an International Relations book.