REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA MINISTERIO DEL PODER POPULAR PARA LA EDUCACIÓN UNIVERSITARIA, IV NIVEL INSTITUTO UNIVERSITARIO POLITÉCNICO “SANTIAGO MARIÑO” EXTENSION MARACAY
ELABORATED BY: LUIS GERARDO SANCHEZ RUSSO C.I: V-27.092.403 ING JORGE RUIZ INGLES II MARACAY, MARCH, 2019
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT VENEZUELA?
Official name: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Official language: Spanish Venezuela is located in the American continent, at the northern part of South America, between latitudes 0°38'53" (Birth of the Arari river in the Amazons state) and 12°11'46" (Cabo San Roman Falcón state) or 15°40'33" (Isla Aves - Territorios Insulares) longitudes 58°10'00" (Western part of the Esequibo river in the Guayana Esequiba) and 73°25'00" (Birth of Río Intermedio - Zulia state). It has borders with Colombia to the West, Brazil to the South and Guyana to the East. To the North of the country is the Caribbean Sea.
Venezuela has a population of 23.4 million inhabitants (2000) of whom 85% lives in cities. This population is very young: 37% is less than 15 years old and 65% less than 30 years old. The growth of the population is very strong with a birth rate of 25.7 per one thousand, and a low mortality of 25.7 per one thousand. It is estimated that in the year 2000, Venezuela has 24 million inhabitants and in year 2010, 29 million. As a result, population doubles each 33 years. Venezuela is a country of immigrants. As a matter of fact, only 2% of its population is Indian (native). The predominant ethnic group is the "mestizo" (mixture of European, African and Indian), and constitutes 69% of the population. Whites count for 20% and black for 9%. Since 1948, with the oil boom, there was an estimated of one million inmigrants from Spain, Italy and Portugal. Also a great number of Colombian arrived. Starting in 1958, a great number of Venezuelans moved from
the country side to the city, and where replaced by Colombians. There was also a great professional immigration from Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, where the economic and political situation was not favorable. Later, the immigration - less prepared - from Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, continued with an estimated number of 2 million. The Indian population is quite small, and is found mainly in the Guayana region and the Goajira peninsula, west of Lake Maracaibo. Main cities (1990): Caracas 1,822,465; Maracaibo 1,249,670; Valencia 903,621; Barquisimeto 625,450; Ciudad Guayana 453,047. History.
Venezuela was discovered by Columbus in his third voyage in 1498. Independence started in 1810 and ended with the Carabobo battle in 1821, under the command of Simon Bolivar (The liberator) who died in 1830. From 1930 to 1958 there was a succession of constitutions, elected and non-elected presidents, until the democratic period which dates from 1958.
Economy and finances The most important industry in Venezuela is Oil. Up to 1970, Venezuela was the world's major exporter. It also has other minerals.
Education Primary education in Venezuela is free and compulsory, however, private schools play a very important role and complement public schools.
Transportation and Communications
Roads(1997): 96,500 km of which 32% are paved Vehicles (1993): Passengers 1,507,309 Trucks and buses 474,466 Marine (1992): Ships (over 100 tons) 271; Total tones 1,355,419 Air Transportation (1993): Passengers-km 6,708,000,000; Tones-km cargo 149,000,000. Airports with scheduled trips: 24 (1996) Railroads (1997): 584 km
Venezuela has a great variety of food.
Tourist Attractions in Venezuela Venezuela is a country of many faces. It has Caribbean coastal beaches, Andean peaks, wetlands teeming with piranhas and anacondas and inland sand dunes. It is a tropical country that has great biodiversity. It is also the country of oil exports, beauty pageant winners, and the birthplace of Simon Bolivar, who liberated many South American countries from Spanish rule. Indeed, most cities, regardless of size, have a plaza honoring the great liberator. An overview of the most popular tourist attractions in Venezuela:
MORROCOY NATIONAL PARK
Morrocoy National Park is located in the northeastern part of Venezuela. It contains an area of mangroves and numerous islets and cays with beautiful sandy beaches. Coral reefs and tropical fish are abundant in the waters around the cayos. Dolphins, marine turtles and even some coastal caimans live in the remoter mangroves. Birds include pelicans, flamingos, egrets and the colorful scarlet ibis. On the islands, vegetation is sparse and generally adapted to the dry, salty environment.
MEDANOS DE CORO
The sand dunes at Medanos de Coro National Park are a spectacular sight, especially since theyâ€™re located in what is essentially a tropical country. The dunes, some of which are 40 meters (120 feet)
high, are in colorful shades of orange and yellow. High winds mean they are always changing shape. The area is quite dry, so thereâ€™s limited vegetation and wildlife to see. The dunes are a popular place to go sand boarding, and can also be explored on hired camels. The national park is easily reachable by bus or taxi from Coro.
MOCHIMA NATIONAL PARK
Mochima National Park is located on the northeastern coast and is designed to protect the marine environment as well as the forests of the Turimiquire mountains. Venezuelaâ€™s second marine park, created in 1973, takes in the shoreline from Puerto la Cruz to Cumana, as well as 32 offshore islands. Pelicans nest at La Ciena Cove while dolphins prevail at Isla Cachicamo. The park, named after a nearby town, is also popular with snorkelers and divers with excellent underwater spots, including exploring three ship wrecks, within a 30- to 40-minute boat ride from Puerto la Cruz.
Isla Margarita, the largest island off the northeastern coast of Venezuela, is a great place to do some beachcombing. With 50 beaches strung out over the coastline, popular activities include wind- and kite-surfing, especially at Playa el Yaque. Isla Margarita is a popular vacation destination with
Venezuelans, partly because of shopping at the duty-free port. It has several large cities, including La Asuncion, the capital of the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta. FYI: Christopher Columbus was the first European on the island, way back in 1498.
Mount Roraima is a tabletop mountain (or tepuy) than sits at an elevation of 2,810 meters (9,220 feet). While most of Roraima lies in Venezuela, it also marks the point where Brazil and Guyana join that country. The only way visitors can climb to the plateau however is from the Venezuelan side. It also is the centerpiece of Canaima National Park, where geologic formations date back two billion years. It rains almost every day on the plateau, which is home to some rare plants and animals. The plateau inspired Sir Arthur Conan Doyle when he wrote his 1912 fictional novel entitled The Lost World.
MERIDA CABLE CAR
Riding the Merida Cable Car (called the Teleférico) is something that every visitor to Venezuela simply must do. Why? Because it’s the world’s longest and highest cable car. The cable car route is almost 12 km (7.5 miles) and soars more than 4,700 meters (15,600 feet) in the air. The cable car stops along the way, so visitors can get out and maybe do a little trekking; the stops are named after the views and other sights that are seen along the way. December to February is the best time to make the ride because there’s no fog.
Choroni is generally known as one of Venezuela’s best Caribbean beaches, though the town itself actually sits slightly inland, boasting some fine colonial houses around a quiet central plaza. Choroni also makes a good base for bird-, plant- and wildlife-watchers who want to explore the cloud forest and lowland jungles of Henri Pittier National Park. Besides monkeys, snakes and deer, the park has 500 bird species and 200 kinds of butterflies. Venezuela’s first national park was originally known as Rancho Grande but the name was later changed to Henri Pittier, in honor of the scientist who proposed it.
LOS ROQUES NATIONAL PARK
Los Roques Archipelago National Park was created in 1972 by the Venezuelan government to protect a marine ecosystem of exceptional beauty and ecological . It is the largest marine park in the Caribbean Sea. The almost untouched coral reefs host some of the most beautiful underwater fauna and flora of the Caribbean. The park has exceptionally beautiful beaches of white sand and multicolor, crystalline warm waters which make it a diving, sailing and fishing paradise. The main island is Gran Roque, which has a few small villa-style hotels that are small but confortable.
Los Llanos, or The Plains, is a vast grassland that straddles Venezuela and Columbia. The Orinoco River that runs through it forms the border between the two countries, and is the main river in Venezuela. Los Llanos generally floods during the rainy season (May to October), turning into a birdwatcherâ€™s paradise. Sometimes called the Serengeti of South America, itâ€™s the place to see wildlife in the dry season, when animals flock to the areas that do have water. Besides being the last stronghold for the Orinoco Crocodile, Los Llanos is also home to anacondas, capybaras, jaguars and caimans.
Angel Falls is one the most popular tourist attractions in Venezuela as it is the highest uninterrupted waterfalls in the world. It is 978 meters (3,208 feet) tall, and drops off the side of Auyantepui Mountain in Canaima National Park in Bolivar State. Located on the Gauja River, the falls were originally known as Kerepakupai Vená, or “fall from the highest point” by the local natives. The name was later changed to Angel Falls to honor Jimmie Angel, a U.S. aviator who was the first to fly over the falls. The waterfall is at its highest June to December.
CANAIMA NATIONAL PARK
(Spanish: Parque Nacional Canaima) is a 30,000 km (12,000 sq mi) park in southeastern Venezuela that roughly occupies the same area as the Gran Sabana region. It is located in Bolívar State, reaching the borders with Brazil and Guyana. 2
Canaima National Park is the second largest park in Venezuela, after Parima-Tapirapecó, and sixth biggest national park in the world. It is the size of Belgium or Maryland. 
The park protects part of the Guayanan Highlands moist forests ecoregion. About 65% of the park is occupied by plateaus of rock called tepuis, which are a kind of table-top mountain millions of years old, with vertical walls and almost flat tops. These constitute a unique biological environment and are also of great geological interest. Their sheer cliffs and waterfalls (including Angel Falls, which is the highest waterfall in the world, at 1,002 meters (3,287 ft)) create spectacular landscapes. The most famous tepuis in the park are Mount Roraima, the tallest and easiest to climb, and Auyantepui, the site of Angel Falls. The tepuis are sandstone and date back to a time when South America and Africa were part of a super-continent. The park is home to indigenous Pemon Indians, part of the Carib linguistic group. The Pemon have an intimate relationship with the tepuis, and believe they are the home of the 'Mewari' spirits. The park is relatively remote, with only a few roads connecting towns. Most transport within the park is done by light plane from the airstrips built by various Capuchin missions, or by foot and canoe. Pemons have developed some basic and luxurious camps, which are mainly visited by tourists from across the world.
TRAVEL WITH US FIVE DAYS AND FOR NIGHTS… Starting in Caracas, these highlights of Venezuela tour shows you Canaima National Park's hotspots, including breathtaking tepuis, Angel Waterfalls, and lagoons in Canaima. Stay in an ecolodge near the Canaima lagoons, go canoeing, and spend the night on the Caribbean coast during this spectacular tour. Note: This is a tour extension; combine this tour with one of our full package tours.
We include what others call optional
This tour includes:
All accommodations All breakfasts in hotels, all meals at the lodge All tours, transfers, entrance fees, and taxes English-speaking guides Highlights:
Caracas Canaima National Park Angel Waterfalls Canaima Lagoons Canaima Eco-Lodge
RETURN TO CARACAS AND DEPARTURE
In the morning, depart from the lodge and fly from Canaima to Puerto Ordaz, and then to Caracas. At the Caracas airport, your driver will take you to the hotel on the coast for a final evening of relaxation on Venezuela's Caribbean sea. The next morning, transfer to the airport for your international flight home or to your next destination in South America.
KITE SURF AND WIND SURF IN VENEZUELA
Venezuela is one of the best Wind- and Kite surf destinations in the world. specially Margarita Islandâ€™s Playa El Yaque, Coche Island and Los Roques National Park with its crystal clear water.
Isla Coche - High Speed Zone
From El Yaque on Isla Margarita you can reach Isla Coche - which is located just 6 km in the south by speed boat. This small island offers ideal conditions for skilled wind- and kitesurfers. The surface of the sea is like a mirror, the shallow water is warm, the wind ist steady and strong. Isla Coche offers no possibility for rental of kitesurf equipment, so you should bring your own equipment for your daytrip to this marvellous surf spot.
Playa Parguito - Surfing on ocean waves
This 1000 m long surfbeach located in the northeast of Isla Margarita offers beach breaking oceanic waves for beginners and experts, especially for bodyboard surfers. Courses are held by surf champion Colin Saunders and his team.
Isla Coche - High Speed Zone
From El Yaque on Isla Margarita you can reach Isla Coche - which is located just 6 km in the south by speed boat. This small island offers ideal conditions for skilled wind- and kitesurfers. The surface of the sea is like a mirror, the shallow water is warm, the wind ist steady and strong.
Isla Coche offers no possibility for rental of kitesurf equipment, so you should bring your own equipment for your daytrip to this marvellous surf spot.
Vacaciones de surf en Venezuela
Podemos ofrecer diferentes paquetes que incluyen alojamiento y alquiler de equipos de surf. PLAYA
Kite surf en Isla Margarita Kite surf principiantes Curso (El Yaque/Isla Coche)
Kite surf en Los Roques Curso Kitesurf para principiantes
Winds urf en la Isla de Margarita
PRECIOS ACTUALES DE LA DEMANDA 3 días, 6 horas, incl. equipo390 US$ 5 días, 10 horas, incl. equipo545 US$ todos los precios son negociables
3 días, 6 horas, incl. equipo470 US$ 5 días, 10 horas, incl. equipo650 US$ todos los precios son negociables Incl. equipo25 US$/hour todos los precios son negociables
Windsurfes Principiantes Curso (El Yaque/Isla Coche
Surf en la Isla de Margarita
3 días, 6 horas, incl. equipo135 US$ 5 días, 10 horas, incl. equipo195 US$
Principiantes Surf Curso (Playa Parguito)
Cursos incluyen 2 extra horas gratis el uso de tabla por día. Alquiler de tablas sin curso posible. Todos los precios son negociables
NEXT TIME YOU CAN KNOW ABOUTâ€¦
WHICH ATTRACTIONS IN VENEZUELA DO YOU CONSIDER TO BE THE MOST INTERESTING?
Merida Cable Car
ELABORADO POR: LUIS GERARDO SANCHEZ RUSSO. MARZO DE 2019
+58 424 474 14 19 +58 426 673 37 53
ENGLISH II, MAGAZINE FOR MY CLASSMATES. BY. Luis Gerardo Sanchez Russo. 2019