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Two Steps to European Party Democracy

Various other suggestions have been made in the same direction: to encourage, for example, the expansion of European media by establishing multilingual radio and television stations. Such measures, however, cannot cause, but only support—via the growth of a pan-European public—the emergence of a European party democracy. European party democracy! In the preceding paragraphs, measures were outlined which should be regarded as starting points for the reduction of the democratic deficit of the European Union by a European party democracy. They cannot claim completeness in view of the abundance of suggestions for enhancing the legitimacy of the European Union, but they have been consciously formulated to open up discussion. This article claims that the debate over the legitimacy of the EU should focus on the European parties. At the national level, English theorists were among the first to concern themselves with the parliamentary system, long before the transfer of legitimacy by political parties was an issue. Since the functions of the European Parliament have increased extensively in the past two decades, European parties have to follow this development of the EU and be prepared and empowered to play their part in the manner in which Community institutions arrive at their decisions. A European party democracy can contribute to the reduction of the democratic deficit of the European Union if suitable institutional conditions are created that would facilitate the adoption of appropriate functions.

Andreas von Gehlen is the author of ‘European Party Democracy? Institutional Preconditions and Functional Terms to Reduce the EU’s Democratic Deficit’.

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European View

Bibliography Featherstone, Kevin (1994). Jean Monnet and the “Democratic Deficit” in the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, 32, 149-170. Grams, Hartmut A. (1998). Zur Gesetzgebung der Europäischen Union – Eine vergleichende Strukturanalyse aus staatsorganisatorischer Sicht. Neuwied/Kriftel. Huber, Peter M. (2001). Die Rolle der nationalen Parlamente bei der Rechtssetzung der Europäischen Union – Zur Sicherung und zum Ausbau der Mitwirkungsrechte des Deutschen Bundestages. München. Höreth, Marcus (1999). Die Europäische Union im Legitimationstrilemma – Zur Rechtfertigung des Regierens jenseits der Staatlichkeit. Baden-Baden. Isensee, Josef (1992). Verfassungsrecht als „politisches Recht“. In Josef Isensee & Paul Kirchhof (Eds.), Handbuch des Staatsrechts der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bd. VII: Normativität und Schutz der Verfassung – Internationale Beziehungen (pp. 103-162, § 162). Heidelberg. Kipping, Matthias (1996). Zwischen Kartellen und Konkurrenz – Der Schuman-Plan und die Ursprünge der europäischen Einigung 1944-1952. Berlin. Klein, Hans H. (2001). GG Art. 21, Lfg. 03.2001 (expanded February 2004). In Theodor Maunz & Günter Dürig (Eds.), 1980-2004: Grundgesetz Kommentar (Bd. III, Art. 1727). München. Leibholz, Gerhard (1960). Das Wesen der Repräsentation und der Gestaltwandel der Demokratie im 20. Jahrhundert. Berlin.

European View_Transnational parties and european democracy  

European View_Transnational parties and european democracy

European View_Transnational parties and european democracy  

European View_Transnational parties and european democracy

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