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COMPARATIVES

AND

SUPERLATIVES

Most English adjectives are short words and form their comparatives and superlatives using particles

-er-----------------than for comparatives.

-est---------------- in for superlatives.

in other cases longer forms are preferred, as follows

more…………..than

the most …………………in


1. Spelling of shorter comparatives and superlatives.

1.1 One syllable adjectives simply ad the ending to their basic forms,

Clean-------------cleaner---------------the cleanest

Hard -------------harder----------------the hardest

1.2 When a short adjective contains the group: Fat---------------fatter-----------------the fattest

Sad-------------sadder---------------the saddest

Thin-------------thinner---------------the thinnest


1.3 Whenever the adjective ends in or -st

'-e',

it only adds -r

Nice-------------nicer------------------the nicest Late--------------later------------------the latest. 1.4 some two-syllable adjectives end in '-y' and form their comparative by changing into '-i' + -er/-est: Tidy------------------tidier---------------the tidiest Busy---------------busier--------------the busiest but:: shy------------shyer---------------the shyest

1.5 The following endings in two-syllable adjectives form regular comparatives and superlatives

-er------------clever------------cleverer------------the cleverest

-le---------humble--------humbler----------the humblest

-ow--------narrow-------narrower-------the narrowest


and others as well: Pleasant----------pleasanter----------the pleasantest

Common------------commoner-----------the commonest

However, it is safer to use the longer form with 'more' and 'most for 1.5

More humble than-------------the most humble More pleasant than-----------the most pleasant.

1.6 Some adjectives have specific irregular forms. These are the most common: Good---------------better---------------the best Bad-----------------worse--------------the worst Far-------------------farther-------------the farthest Much---------------more --------------the most


2. comparison and superlative of longer adjectives. Some adjectives always use the longer comparison structure: more…..than the most ………………in/of

2.1 adjectives of two syllables ending in known suffixes Famous--------more famous than--------the most famous Careful----------more careful----------the most careful Expensive-------more expensive--------the most expensive Boring/bored----more bored/boring----the most boring/bored


THE SUPERLATIVE FORM

One Syllable Adjectives Place 'the' before the adjective and add '-est' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel). Example: cheap - the cheapest / hot - the hottest / high - the highest Example Sentences Today is the hottest day of the summer. This book is the cheapest I can find.

Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives Place 'the most' before the adjective. Example: interesting - the most interesting / difficult - the most difficult Example Sentences: London is the most expensive city in England. That is the most beautiful painting here.


Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y' Place 'the' before the adjective and remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'iest'. Example: happy - the happiest / funny - the funniest Example Sentences: New York is the noisiest city in the USA. He is the most important person I know. IMPORTANT EXCEPTIONS There are some important exceptions to these rules. Here are two of the most important exceptions:

good  

good - adjective the best - superlative

Example Sentences: Peter is the best golf player in the school. This is the best school in the city.

bad  

bad - adjective the worst - superlative

Example Sentences Jane is the worst student in the class. This is the worst day of my life.


Learning about comparatives and superlatives  

A short lesson about comapratives and superlatives

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