Ludmille Naywosz Paszkiewicz
“Viv a Ayiti ak dlo”
2 300 000 110 km² 24% of Haiti’s population 21 000 hab/km²
Programs: Networks and water management. Location: District of Carrefour-Feuilles in Port-au-Prince; Haiti.
2 250 000 area 105 km²
Boundary line between city and mountain Rill of CF
4% of France’s population 21 000 hab/km²
Catchment area of CF’s rill District of Carrefour-Feuilles
Project: Haiti is located in the Greater Antilles in the Carribean, on Hispaniola island. This country suffers from political, social and environmental issues. It is known to be one of the poorest countries in the world with 85% of its population under poverty line.
Urbanized area Port-au-Prince’s coastline and bay
The capital city, Port-au-Prince, has gone through an extensive urban expansion since the 60’s because of the decline of the farming sector and the industrial growth. Because there was no long-term urban and infrastructure planning, Haitians settled in inconvenient areas such as the mountains or low level sites in Port-au-Prince. The government’s inability to provide basic services to Haiti’s grow-
Carrefour-Feuilles is located on the outskirt of Port-au-Prince, between green space and the city centre. It is a sloped site, considered as an outlying area as it is a precarious, spontaneously urbanized district without any urban planning or infrastructure. The intervention zone takes into account all of the catchment area of the rill that crosses Carrefour-Feuilles. In this area, we can draw a division between nature and urban fabric.
ing population has led to the involvement of numerous NGOs. This explains why Haiti is often called “Republic of NGOs”. One of those NGOs, “Fondation Architectes de l’Urgence”, has been very active in rebuilding houses and facilities, as well as larger urban projects. A seven-month work experience with FAU enabled me to see the critical situation Haiti is in, and to understand the impact of our work on the Haitians’ lives. Emergency rebuilding is clearly a necessity, but does not present a long-term solutions to Haiti’s reconstruction and future development. A B C
Retainable quantity per year :
4 700 000 m3
This is why, a two step strategy would have to be put in place: one upstream and the other one in the district, so that it could have a real impact downstream, at the heart of the city.
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Networks and water management
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Water needs per year :
District of Carrefour-Feuilles
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1 350 000 m3
Public roads A B C
including 80 000 m of drinkable water
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0 mm Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
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Haiti, Republic of NGO: Water tanks provided by the French Red Cross in Port-au-Prince.
This project promotes Haitians’ autonomy with an effective long term intervention, answering primary needs (subsistence sanitary and alimentary) and also to secondary needs (economical stimulation and long term facilities appropriation). If successful, the project would protect Haitians from natural catastrophes and encourage independence once the NGOs are gone.
39 000 hab.
Carrefour-Feuilles’ pop. =
Any intervention to ease this problem would have to be upstream of the city. The project to help resolve this issue is located on Carrefour-Feuilles, a representative district of Haiti’s urban sprawl. It is a very dense, over-populated and precarious area, which has been developing on the side of the mountain since 1994. The strategy can be broken down into two steps. First, storing the water, filtering it and making it drinkable. Then distributing it. The aim is to prevent flooding in the area during rainfall, and to allow Haitians to control water supply. Two networks of clean and drinkable water could irrigate the area as well as being a vital source of water. Exploiting this potential would not only ensure human and economical survival, making water available on a daily basis, but it would also stimulate work around a wide range of activities and services as well as architecture and reconstruction.
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For instance, water is a major issue in Haiti. It is both a necessity and a threat. And it is both abundant and hard to come by. The tropical climate of the island means Haiti has a long rainy season, and the frequency of cyclones, hurricanes, heavy rainfalls and floods has increased significantly since the 1950s. Earthquakes in Haiti can be a hazard but the rain and floods pose the real everyday life problems to Haiti. Reconstruction is essential. The mountainous terrain and the huge amount of water flowing cause a phenomenon called “ravines”. These are large rills where water runs down from the top of the mountain, through the dense urban fabric, to the bottom of the city, bringing with them insalubrity, disease, flooding and destruction.
Education Market place Free health center
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Green area Earthquakes EN
Cyclones and hurricanes Torrential, heavy rainfalls and floods
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Drinkable water reservoir
Independent water management system Flood barrier, farming activities and green areas irrigated by simple gravitation
Flood barriers EN
Industrial activities Education facilities
Drinkable water network Providing water fountains, Education and Health facilities, market places with clean drinkable water.
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Clean and filtered water network Providing industrial activities and water reservoirs with clean daily usable water. EN
Clean water reservoir Health facilities
Master plan of Vicenza Project site and city center location
Urbanizing Vicenza Programs: Housings/Commercial gallery/Public spaces/Road transport Location: Vicenza, Italy Project: Inserted between a residential area and railways, close to the heart of the historical centre, this project was designed to give life to an industrial wasteland. The proximity of the train station and the main thoroughfare makes its layout a strategic location. I designed a small district, contingent on the superimposition of two grids, one of which is the prolongation of the surrounding urban base and a regular one. Combining residential, commercial programs and public spaces, I had to reconnect this area by infrastructures and a green belt that leads to the very centre of the city.
Preserving “Delta Del Po” Programs: Research complex, farmland redevelopment, accommodation facilities. Location: “Delta Del Po”, Italy.
Carriage way network
Pedestrian road network
Project: Based on a former basin area for fishing development, and currently completely covered by wasteland, this area was chosen to be restored, not only for fishing development, but also specifications for research, tourism, and restoration of a church. I aimed to reorganise the plot in a hierarchy of the different types of programs, of a road system dividing the pedestrians, bicycles and cars and the connexion between the three. The hotel is formed by scattered greenhousehuts whereas the rest of the buildings (museum, restaurant, research centre and auditorium) are gathered around the church, protected by a 15 meter high greenhouse.
Functions Sport facilities Hotel Multi functional center
Car park Carriage ways Pedestrian roads
Ground plan Fish breeding ponds Freshwater course
Ground floor plan
Moebius Architecture Program: Nursery school Location: next to “Parc de La Villette”. Classroom Bathrooms Services Refectory Administration offices EN
Common spaces Accommodation
Project: Based on the concept of the moebius ring, one of the aims of this project was to create a link between an urban and a landscaped environment, which is designed as a free axis crossing the whole building, lifting up two of its opposite angles. The internal layout works as a closed ring, surrounding the central courtyard. This, and the courtyard-front allow a large diversity of lights and views for every type of space.
Experimenting with minimal surface Location: Venice lagoon Project: The principle of this project was to use an already existing concept, in this case the minimal surface, work it, model it and combine it with other compounds that would allow it to be habitable. Three elements were therefore needed: a structure, a skin and the layout. But the most important aim of this project was to push the material, the concept I chose to its own limits.
Dense City The â€œCrackâ€? Project: Supervised by the e architect Djamel Klouche, the aim of this workshop was to enable us urbanize an imaginary ary city divided into twenty rectangular lots. Each group had one piece of land was asked to create a project with a floor area ratio of 6, and this project had to be complementary with the rest of the city. Our group decided to take a bias toward occupying all the space, following the concept of a medina and designing it as if it was a crack on ground.
“Enveloppe nomade” Project: This project, created during a workshop, is based on the concept of tensegrity. As the theme of this workshop was “Enveloppe Nomade” (Nomadic Skin) and therefore we had to create and build a structure that would work with body movements. Our team designed a structure that, when spread, the bars wouldn’t touch one another and when retracted, would seem like a chaotic faggot.
Building with air Project: The aim of this workshop was to work plastic materials and model large basic geometrically-formed inflatable structures with the help and advice of the well-known architect Hans Walter Müller.
Living on an aqueduct
Project: For this utopian project, we had to create habitable spaces at heights between two piers of an aqueduct. The aim was to find a suitable and constructible structure, choose material (in this case wood) and draw the project to the final detail.
Program: 5 apartments Location: at the crossroad of “rue des Pyrénées” and “rue Charles Renouvier”. Project: Situated on a sloped and fairly confined area, I chose to develop this project using the concept of stacked containers. Each apartment is composed of two blocks forming a right angle. The core of each flat is a double height living room which links the “day area” and the “night area”.
JJ’ Apartment plans
Study of winter / summer lights
Dove tail detail drawing
Wooden construction, detail drawing
â€œPhytabri, How to find inspirationâ€? 3D animation 3DS Max 2009
Not only is Architecture a science, it is also an Art. It is essential to understand the close relationship between the human body and the space in which it moves and evolves. Beyond technical digital 2D drawings or scale models, it can also be studied and represented through media such as video, 3D animation or hand drawing
Interpretations Video Adobe PremiĂ¨re 2011
Like Yves Klein painted human movements with prints of naked bodies on his monochromes, this video should be perceived as an abstract way to define architecture. I tried to put forward architectural concepts such as volumes, full and empty spaces, limits and structure, scales and perspective, light and shadow, and movements.
Human Architecture And last but not least, during a seven months work experience in Haiti, I worked as an architect and then as a project manager on health centers’ rehabilitation and houses’recontruction after the 2010 earthquake. This architecture isn’t about concept or experimentation, it isn’t about high technologic materials or about aesthetic (although, its simpleness of accomplishment and its purpose makes it beautiful), it is an architecture for survival, a human architecture.
Rehabilitation of Pernier’s health center, Port-au-Prince
Evaluations and reconstructions of houses in Carrefour
1. Digging the trenches after setting up the foundations
2. Completion of continuous and isolated footings
3. Putting up walls and concrete pouring for the columns
4. Installation of a high chain bond, pebbledash work
5. Installation of wood roof structure
6. Coating work
7. Installation of a metal roof and wooden cladding
8. Installation of the doors and windows, first paint layer
9. Construction of the access ramp and the front platform
Monitoring and team management on construction site, control of earthquake-resistant standards practical application on the site
Construction of an annexe in Pernier
You can find: my CV [eng. or fr.] my portfolio [eng. or fr.] a report on my mission in Haiti [fr.] a report on my diplomaâ€™s project [fr.] on