Des ign Stu dio : AIR
SUBMISSION A: STUDENT JOURNAL
02 LETTER FROM THE EDITOR
Hi, my name is Lucy. I moved from Brisbane to Melbourne to persue a career in architecture. After completing a Bachelor of Business at QUT, but discovered quickly that my true passion was design. Iâ€™m increasingly interested in digital modeling and making prototype lighting installations. I believe that computation assists designers to more extensively develope ideas and create unidentified, innovation solutions. I previously used Rhino for Virtual designs, however I feel that examining some refresher video tutorials would be helpful. I have had very basic use of AutoCad, and as I also have not explore Revit I feel this puts me at a disadvantage however I am trying to further this with self paced studies. I have used Sketch Up quite extensively, despite it being quite primitive compared to Revit or Rhino, it is an easy way for me to play around with modeling. It used to be a good way for me to translate my ideas to something tangible. However at the end of last year after my water critique, I reflected that this medium was perhaps to restrictive in regards to the tendency towards orthogonal angles.
PART A CONCEPTUATLISATION 04 DESIGNING FUTURES 07 DESIGN COMPUTATION 10 COMPOSTION/ GENERATION 12 CONCLUSION & LEARNING OUTCOMES 13 REFERENCES 14 ALGORITMIC SKETCHES
04 DESIGN FUTURING P Arch roject: K i itect : Ma osk ke A rchi t Loca ects tion : Lon don Year
Architecture has its own unique language and discourse that transcends time. As students we learn how to read the language of architecture; deduce information such as the buildings era, social and economical values of the time or other important influences/ critical factors. As designers, we need to be conscious of what our buildings represent and how they can be sustained through the future2.In this day and age it is particularly prevalent to be mindful of the expected longevity of a building; consciously incorporate materials, services and spaces. Author Tony Fry touches on the issue that anthropological influences are causing defuturing; partially through the accessibility of computersation and mass manufacturing3. However I beleive we are now (and have been for time) practicing in an era where architects are driven by sustainable and socially conscious guidlines; further more I belive technology and computarisation helps to enable this. There are several types of trending buildings that address this in differnent ways such as pop up stores, building rejuvination and sustainable skyscaprers.
Pop-up shops or tempory kiosks like this Kiosk by Make Architecute are becoming a popular otions for buisnesses that have a potentially short or volatile market. A benefit is that materials are saved and often recycled. Parametric designs are maximising potential space and flexibility, whilst employing the same design principals that would be given to a permanent store.
05 Pro Nex ject: Za n t Ge ner ka atio C e Arch ntre n Loca itect: M odu tion m Yea : Hung ary r: 20 12 4
Recognizing that there was already suitable existing framework and foundations, Modum architects focused revilatising the current building. Digital modeling or using variations of algorithms would have enabled the firm to compare numerous possibilits creating the additional facade. The columns have been manipulated to achieve the right proportionate sense of serenity and harmony along the roof. The seamless execution of how appropriate computation can fluently continue an architectural langauge; in this case a modernist syntax. Whilst a highly geometrical facade could have been used to update the building however it may have lacked the overal synergy that has been achieved through this symple parametric design.
06 Pro ject : 30 S Arc Mary Axe t hite ct: F o Loc Partn ster + ers atio n Yea : Lon don r: 20 (Top 5 04 )
Pro ject :1B ligh Arc St hite c & In t: A rc gen hov hitect u e tect n Arc s Loc his atio n Yea : Sydn r ey (Bo : 2011 ttom )7
This project by Foster + Partners demonstrates how parametric deisgns can be applied to serve more than a decorative purpose. The ergonomic shape and external double-skin facade was inteteded to act as in air curtain; absorbing solar heat and driving this heat upwards to the vents allowing the building to naturally ventilate by 40 percent. The effectiveness of this natural ventilation has been debated, however the importance of this building lies in how it helped to change the emphasis placed on creating sustainable skyscrapers for the future. An example of a local structure that has beeninfluenced by Foster + Partner’s is 1 Bligh St. Adopting an advanced green star energy systems including a double glazed facade the architecture firm has taken on responsibility boldly stating the building was about “accessability and visibility. Things you dont see you dont feel responsible for”. Really highlights an example of designers taking ownership of their projects and how they express this social resonspibility and desing integrity.
DESIGN COMPUTATION 07 Proj ec Arch t: Spac e itec t: Co lab F Loca ournie okr tion Yea : Austr r: 20 ia (Top 8 04 )
Pro Arch ject: ILU MA Loca itect: W tion : Sin OHA Yea gap r: ore (Bot 2009 tom 9 )
Computation and Design is shifting to be synonomous in this day and age; whilst hand drawing is important there are a myriad of other progranms that will generate your design. In the article previously discussed by Fry, there is concern that the open access to such programs or plug-ins will be detrimental to the art of design. However the potential opportunities that are created for designer are limit less; therefore it is hardly suprising that an abunadance of parametrically designed archetypes are now emerging. Some of the benefits of computation include buildings can be tested in virtual modeling programs before using physcal materials or prospective users can experience and interact with a potential site; gaining a more wholistic sense of the design. The variations of parametric design that are now available for building facades and designs are asstounding buildings with unique organic design such as the Spacelab in Astria can be realised. This building was designed to house multidisciplinary purposes therefore looked diving spaces in an orginal way that matched the technological matter than would be exhibited. The skin combines technology and computation to be an interative way of conveying formation or art. The nozzles on the roof of the structure are north facing cap turing light in unique way filtering it into the exhibition spaces below. Geometric facades such as the ILUMA buildng are now become a popular design choice made possible by a better understand of computational tools. Tools such as Grasshopper alow for multiple irrertations of a design to be trialled and tested; presenting a variation of aesthetics.
ect: Sen Scene LAG sory Iw Yea inner r: 2 12 (Top 10 )0
Proj e Arch ct: Al Ba Loca itect: Ae har das tion Yea : Duba r: i (Bot 2012 tom 11 )
Computation, however contributes more to the field of architecture than merely interesting facades. Exmining designs such as the 2012 LAGI winning project showcase how sustainable practices can be combined to create an innovative and distinctive venture. This Scene Sensory uses Piezoelectric technology to examine the interaction between social and ecological flows. Inspires us as future competition entrants, what can we achieve or conceive for our site. The Al Bhar towers feature faรงade panels that open and close, based on an algorithm that harnesses sun movement across the sky during the year. The panels close at night to showcase the faรงade; which draws inspiration from traditional Islamic shading. During the day the panel close or join to provide more protection reducing the buildings solar gain by 50 percent.
09 Proj ec the t: Glow dark in Desi gner trees : Daa Roo seg n Year aarde : 201 (Top 13 4 )
ect:I nvis i Arch House ble itec t: St udio Nm Con inu cept Year ual :2 007 15
Examining other more developmental ideas for sustainability that were discussed in relation to our groups LAGI project was glow in the dark plants. This works on the basis of bio mimicryinjecting plants with jelly-fish cells. Whilst it may not be strictly computation in the same sense that designing an algorithm to track sun paths relates to design, computer technology is still being optimized to develop a possible solution for a design problem. Another conceptual project that is profiled is the Invisible House. Lighting is the primary shaper of ones experience. Removes sense of architecture, only objects void of any permanence appear. At night black void that is the interior is filled with vertical infrared sensors. As movement interrupts those sensors the infrared receivers that correspond on ceiling tiles, turning on the LED spotlight. Generating ideas for the LAGI, an idea was discussed how movement through the installation could trigger a response such as this, creating light from the dye solar cells. Creating an interactive installation that is responsive to users is something that will be developed over the next few weeks.
10 COMPOSITION/ GENERATION Proj eum ect: Don Arch Desig gdan Pl itec az t: Z Arch aha Ha a did itec Loca ts tio Year n Seou l : 20 (Top 1514 )
ect: Th Arch Broad e Loca itect: Ae Yea tion: D das r: in uba P (Bot orgres i tom 16 s )
Patrik Schumacher heralds parametric design as the style of the 21st Centaury. Considering the potential for new design types, innovative creations and computation that combines sustainable practices with fabricating algorithms, I would agree with this proclamation. The array opportunities that using digital software enables is something that can be applied to almost every architectural design problem given that parametric modeling works on a number of principles such as increase adaptive variability, differentiation and correlation14. Zaha Hadid Architecture, recently unveilved the new precint in Seuol. This building is a type exaple of a parametric design responds to the brief. As an early practitioner of computational modeling the sophistication of parametrics and alogoritms produces a highly responsive and easthetically pleasing composition.
Using tesslated outcomes combined with solar, might be a predictable conclusion, therefore it is prudent for producing an innovative design to explore other options. Following on from other precent that looks at biomimicray in plants I have selected an architectural example of biomimicry; Diller Scofidio+ Renfro - The Broad. Two components the ‘veil’ the external façade; a honeycomb shell and the vault the storage and archives below. The porous outer shell serves two purposes; to allow light to filter into the gallery space and secondly to contrast with the polished existing building surrounds.
11 Proj ect: The rm Arch itec Vals Loca t: Pete r Zu tion m S Year witzerl thor and : (Top 172009 )
ect: Fu Hom turistic t: Go e nza M Con artine lo Vaill o Cep z t (Bot ual /20 tom 18 14 )
In parametric design I feel there is an opportunity to for further exploration of sensory experience. The can be contexturalized by Peter Zumthor’s works which juxtapose parametric algorithms. The central idea behind most of his works in contrast to Patrick Schumacher is the idea of the presence. Therme Vals is a project that is totally focused on sensory experience. The buildings overal exterior form might not at first glance be very distinguishing, but the internal seperation of spaces and materials used to trigger these senses. How could our LAGI project develop through open/closed spaces, highlighted areas in contrast with darker areas, through materiality or reapeating elements or materials such as the linear formation of the stone. Zumthor expresses this idea of ‘a world of stone within a mountain’, how these stone spaces compliment the human bodies and given them
This conceptualization of a parametric design furthure develops this idea of sensory experience or ‘presence’ moreso than other designs. The building is presented as an organism, complex undulating lines that reference DNA and biogenetic forms, gills acting as blinds. Taking the conventional modernist housing forms, the project aims to combine evocative architectural language to create new housing program. This housing type could be utilized in any location, rather than be confined to loacal restrictions. The internal spaces of this new housing type elecit the literal idea of being ‘inside’ an organisim. Not overly subtle but it suggests how we can address exploring presence through parametric modelling.
12 CONCLUSION & LEARNING
In summation I will reiterate how I believe parametric design provides so many opportunities to solve design problems. The itterations of an algorithm, which can been seen in the follow sketches, look at some of the most basic ways to variate a design. Computational methods are also helping intergrate sustainable practices more susinctly becoming part of the building rather than an addition. From this part I have begun to understand more about what parametric modelling, computation verses computersiation and how we can best employe this to achieve max design potential. It has also given me a starting point to consider what opportunities lie in parametric design, for our posten dye solar and biomimcry LAGI design. My knowlegde of algorithms is slightly enhace but there is still a vast expanse to learn during the next phases of the semester.
REFERENCES 13 1. Schumacher, Patrik (2011). The Autopoiesis of Architecture: A New Framework for Architecture (Chichester: Wiley), pp. 1-28 2. Fry, Tony (2008). Design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethics and New Practice (Oxford: Berg), pp. 1–16 3. Folded metal kiosk by Make open like a paper fan, 5 Feb 2014, Dezeen Magazine <http://www.dezeen.com/2014/02/05/folded-metal-kiosks-by-make-open-like-a-paper-fan/> 4. Transformation and Extension of the Central Building of Zanka/ Modum 15 March 2013, ArchDaily <http:// www.archdaily.com/344302/transformation-and-extension-of-the-central-building-of-zanka-modum/> 5. Phaidon Publications, Building the New Millennium; Architecture at the start of the 21st Century, 2009, New York; Phaidon p51 6. The Gherkin: How Londons Famous Tower Leveraged Risk and Became an Icon, 5 November, 2013, ArchDaily: <http://www.archdaily.com/447205/the-gherkin-how-london-s-famous-tower-leveraged-risk-and-became-anicon-part-2/> 7. 1 Bligh office tower 17, September, 2011, ArchDaily, < http://www.archdaily.com/169173/1-bligh-office-toweringenhoven-architects/> 8.Kunsthaus Gras,12 Jan 2004, Arc Space: < http://www.arcspace.com/features/spacelab-cook-fournier/> 9.Iluma/ WOHA, 17 May 2010, ArchDaily: <http://www.archdaily.com/59896/iluma-woha/> 10. Review: Land Art Generator Initiative Competition Entries, 2012 <http://landartgenerator.org/LAGI-2012/> 11. Al Bahar Towers Responsive Façade 5 September 2012, ArchDaily: <http://www.archdaily.com/270592/al-bahar-towers-responsive-facade-aedas/> 12. Glow in the Dark Trees, 24 March, 2014 Dezeen, < http://www.dezeen.com/2014/03/24/movie-sxsw-daan-roosegarde-glow-in-dark-trees/> 13 El- Koury, R., Marcopoulos, C. and Moukheiber, C. 2012. The Living Breathing Thinking Responsive Buildings of the Future. London: Thames & Hudson 14. Interview with Patrik Schumacher INTERVIEW: THE AUTOPOIESIS OF ARCHITECTURE Patrik Schumacher in conversation with Loreto Flores, 2011: <http://www.patrikschumacher.com/Texts/La%20Autopoiesis%20de%20 la%20Arquitectura_ENG%20Version.htm> 15 Zaha Hadid Dongdaemun, March 23, 2014, Dezeen, <http://www.dezeen.com/2014/03/23/zaha-hadid-dongdaemun-design-plaza-seoul/> 16. Design Unveiled for the Broad Muesum , 6 Jan, 2011, ArchDaily, <http://www.archdaily.com/101909/designunveiled-for-the-broad-museum-by-diller-scofidio-renfro/> 17. The Therme Vals, 11 February, 2009, ArchDaily < http://www.archdaily.com/13358/the-therme-vals/ 18. Futuristic Family Home, 24, March, 2014, Dezeen, <http://www.dezeen.com/2014/03/24/futuristic-family-homeskeletal-staircase-gonzalo-vaillo-martinez/>
14 ALGORITHMIC SKETCHES WEEK ONE
15 WEEK TWO
16 WEEK THREE