Page 1

URBAN DESIGN FRAMEWORK LAND USE AND URBAN DESIGN ABPL90132

LUCY FERGUSON 327515


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INCORPORATE CULTURAL ICONOGRAPHY FEATURE ICONIC ELEMENTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN BACKYARD REINFORCE THE CULTURAL IDENTITY OF THE AREA RESPOND TO THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE SITE

REINVENT AND ACTIVATE PUBLIC SPACE SHIFT THE PRIVATE REALM INTO PUBLIC SPACE CATER FOR THE DIVERSE NEEDS OF THE COMMUNITY TURN UN-USEABLE OPEN SPACE INTO A SITE OF SIGNIFICANCE

PRIORITISE PEDESTRIANS & CYCLISTS

An opportunity is provided by the development of the East-West Link to reduce traffic volumes along Alexandra Parade that currently negatively impacts north south connections and the general amenity of adjoining spaces. There is the ability to reclaim road space and the passive and inaccessible median strip and instead put the space to valuable community use. The reclaimed space will stretch from the Yarra River in Clifton Hill to Moonee Ponds Creek in Flemington creating a linear park to strengthen green connections. For the residents of Fitzroy and North Fitzroy, this section of the Alexandra Parade linear park (Brunswick street to Smith Street) will become their Urban Back Yard, providing all the functionality and recreational value of a private backyard in the public realm. As the inner city residential population grows and built form intensifies there is a loss of private open space, placing additional pressure on existing community infrastructure for recreational needs and little space for traditional backyard functions. This space will cater for the diverse needs of the vibrant population, providing numerous play spaces such as a Hills Hoist playground, tree houses, cricket nets, and a community rumpus room. There are also spaces to grow and learn within the citrus orchard, agriculture zone and Native Australian Garden. The site also provides spaces to create and share within the flexi-space for community markets and skate and art park.

INCREASE BUILT DENSITY

POPULATION GROWTH & HOUSING DEMAND ENSURE DIVERSITY & QUALITY PRESERVE HERITAGE & BUILDINGS OF SIGNIFICANCE

BLUR BOUNDARY BETWEEN PUBLIC & PRIVATE SPACES VISUAL PERMEABILITY PUBLIC / PRIVATE INTERACTIONS ADJACENT SUPPORTING USES NATURAL SURVEILLANCE

INTEGRATE SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE WATER SENSITIVE URBAN DESIGN

MINIMISE TRAFFIC VOLUMES PERMEABLE SURFACES RE-CONNECT NORTH AND SOUTH FORM A FINE GRAIN STREET NETWORK CREATE A PLEASANT WALKING AND CYCLING ENVIRONMENT

ALTERNATIVE GREEN SPACES COLLECT WATER & ENERGY MITIGATE URBAN HEAT ISLAND EFFECT


URBAN

BACK YARD SITE ANALYSIS

1

FRAMEWORK

2

GUIDELINES

3-7

Incorporate cultural iconography

Reinvent and activate public space

Prioritise pedestrian & cyclists

Increase built density

Blur boundary between public and private spaces

Integrate sustainable infrastructure

IMPLEMENTATION

APPENDICES

8 9 - 14

Alexandra Parade will be the public reinvention of the traditional Australian backyard for Melbourne’s inner North. Transformed into an iconic mixed-use space that meets the diverse recreational needs of a new space poor population.


SITE ANALYSIS DEMOGRAPHICS 2014

2024

2034

CHANGE

10,523 67.03

11,417 72.72

12,429 79.16

18.19%

FITZROY POPULATION DENSITY (PERSONS PER HECTARE)

ROAD & BIKE NETWORKS

BUILDING HEIGHTS

Pedestrian and cyclist routes are mainly north south with minimal options for eastwest movement. High traffic volume along Alexandra Parade disrupts northsouth movement, creating a barrier between Fitzroy and Fitzroy North.

Built form stays mostly at or below 3 storeys within the study area. Low building height to road width ratio, which means limited surveillance. Street width provides an opportunity to develop density without affecting street amenity. Buildings of importsnce include the British Shoe Machinary Co. Building and heritage listed former Gasworks Valve House.

0

,00

NORTH FITZROY 38.89%

S EEN

BRITISH SHOE MACHINARY CO.

QU

The City of Yarra’s population is set to increase by 37.5% over the next 20 years. This growth is to be significant within Fitzroy and North Fitzroy. Housing density is also on the rise, with the percentage of medium and high-density dwellings increasing in both suburbs between 2006 and 2011. Associated with high-density growth is a decline in private open space.

55,000

EASTERN FREEWAY 140,000

E 80,00 0

JOHNSTO

N STREET

ET TON STRE

STOREY 11storey

22storeys STOREYS

WELLING

REET

ET ON STRE

There is a significant amount of passive open space in the form of median strips along Alexandra Parade, this space is currently inaccessible and of low amenity.

NICHOLS

Anticipated population growth will put pressure open existing and generate the need the need for additional open space in the precinct. The benchmark figure adopted by inner city municipalities is approximately ten square metres per person. Overall the City of Yarra provides on average 34.65, this is however not consistent across suburbs. Within the study area Carlton, Fitzroy and Collingwood fall well below this target. A further gap analysis suggests that open space catchments do not cover the entirety of the study site. This is partially due to the catchments being cut off due to major road barriers (Smith Reserve and Triangle Park). Along with the impact of the road barrier is reduction in amenity associated with open space next to a high traffic volume road.

ALEXAND

RA PARAD

OPEN SPACE PROVISION

Traffic Volume Dedicated Bike Lanes

33storeys STOREYS 1 storey4+ storeys

4+ STOREYS

2 storeys 3 storeys

INTERFACES

LAND USE

4+ storeys

MIXED USE

RESIDENTIAL

BUSINESS 3

t t t t t

t t t t t

t t t t t

Street trees Generous footpaths Wide road with median strips Mixture of grain size Medium density apartments

OPEN SPACE PER CAPITA CARLTON 73,600 M2 FITZROY 21,597 M2 COLLINGWOOD 1,180 M2

A

PAR

SMITH ST

15,844 60.94

GASWORKS VALVE HOUSE

ET

13,559 52.15

ICK STRE

DENSITY (PERSONS PER HECTARE)

11,407 43.87

BRUNSW

POPULATION

30 DE

Narrow streets & footpaths Terrace houses Low fences Street trees Minimal traffic

Service lanes Light industry Noise pollution Car parking No street trees

PUBLICACCESS ACCESS NONO PUBLIC CAR ACCESS CAR ACCESS DIRECT OPAQUE DIRECT OPAQUE DIRECT TRANSPARENT DIRECT TRANSPARENT PEDESTRIANSETBACK SETBACK PEDESTRIAN

NEW MEDIUM PROPOSAL TO REDESNITY DEVELOPMENT ZONE B3Z TO MUZ

9.48 M2 2.05 M2

business 1 zone BUSINESS 1

0.16 M2

residential 1 zone 1 RESIDENTIAL

REZONED FROM INDUSTRIAL TO MIXED USE

mixed useUSE zone MIXED

Active or transparent interfaces have a strong visual and physical relationship with the street and the pedestrian. Approximately two thirds of the study area is active, with residential edges. Business Zone 3 area (area bounded by Queens & Alexandra has weak frontages with little street interaction.

FITZROY POOL

SMITH RESERVE

business 3 zone BUSINESS 3 public use USE zone PUBLIC

CARLTON NORTH FITZROY

BRUNSWICK STREET ACTIVITY CENTRE

CLIFTON HILL 400 M ACTIVE GREEN SPACE PASSIVE / INACCESSIBLE GREEN SPACE

FITZROY

COLLINGWOOD

300 M

200 M

BUSINESS 1

PUBLIC USE

t t t t

t t t t

Retail strip Minimal greenery Overhead tram wires Mixed grain size

Community infrastructure Bicycle paring Mural wall Limited protection from road

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 1


FRAMEWORK Alexandra Parade will be the public reinvention of the traditional Australian backyard for Melbourne’s inner North. Transformed into an iconic mixed-use space that meets the diverse recreational needs of a new space poor population.

INCORPORATE CULTURAL ICONOGRAPHY

REINVENT AND ACTIVATE PUBLIC SPACE

INCREASE BUILT DENSITY

PRIORITISE PEDESTRIANS & CYCLISTS

BLUR BOUNDARY BETWEEN PUBLIC & PRIVATE SPACES

INTEGRATE SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE

2.3 Landscape & Open Space Zone

3.4

3.7

1.3 6.3 1.4 3.2

Orchard & treehouses

1.2

4.4

Native Australian Garden

Skate park & graffitti walls

1.1 3.3

Tram Line

5.6

Multi-modalTransport Hub

Hills Hoist playground

North south bike connections

Fine grain street network

6.5

Alternative green spaces

Gasworks Valve House

6.2

Agriculture

4.5

2.6 6.1

Flexi-space

Bristish Shoe Machinery Co.

Fitzroy Pool interface activation

2.4 Recreation Zone

2.5 Commercial & Agricultural Zone

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 2


GUIDELINES 1.0 1.1

INCORPORATE CULTURAL ICONOGRAPHY Feature iconic elements of the Australian backyard such as the hills hoist, shed, herb and vegetable garden, BBQ deck, tree houses and cricket pitches. This public space will replace the private backyard for a modern space poor neighbourhood.

Native Australian Garden & Nursery / Cafe Cricket Nets

Rumpus Room

1.2

Bike Mechanic Hills Hoist Playground

1.3

Dog Park

‘The Shed’ tool share BBQ area Composting

1.1

The alternative culture of Fitzroy and North Fitzroy reflected in the inclusion of legal graffiti walls, a skate park, and a flexible space that can be utilised for cultural events, etc.

1.1

1.2

Flexible space

1.1

1.1

1.4

Agriculture Orchard & treehouses

Laundromat

1.1

Skate Park

HYTTGARDENSPAREN (42ARCHITECTS), FALUN, SWEDEN

1.3

The native Australian garden will have a two-fold function as a recreational landscape and as a cultural museum. The open-air museum will narrate the Aboriginal history of Fitzroy and North Fitzroy alongside traditional Australian landscape.

1.4

Orchard and urban agriculture zone to include landscaping features and plants that reflect traditional gardens of migrant populations of Fitzroy and North Fitzroy. To recognize the post WWII influx of Italian and Greek immigrants and more recent immigrants from Vietnam and other south-east Asian countries.

Sprinkler Park

1.5

Use of traditional Australian materials in the design of public infrastructure, for example; Australian timbers and corrugated iron.

THE AUSTRALIAN GARDEN, CRANBOURNE

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 3


GUIDELINES 2.0 2.1

REINVENT AND ACTIVATE PUBLIC SPACE Development of a linear park along Alexandra Parade through the expansion of existing median strip. Triangle Park extension to the south and the north. Park will extend from Yarra River to Moonee Ponds Creek to strengthen existing green infrastructure network.

2.4

The recreation zone accommodates a diverse range of facilities including cricket nets, basketball courts, community rumpus room, a bike hub, hills hoist playscape, laundromat, skate park, free graffiti walls, sprinkler water feature and open green space.

The flexible space between Gore St and Smith St will allow for diverse and temporary programming, for example, farmers market, food trucks, cultural festivals and car parking.

2.6

PEOPLE’S MARKET, DOCKLANDS TEEN PLAYGROUNG (KATO X VICTORIA), SLANGERUP DENMARK

2.2

Introduction of three public space zones to complement existing and planned built form. Landscape and open space zone, recreation zone and commercial and agricultural zone.

2.5

The commercial and agricultural zone accommodates a diverse range of facilities including open green space, shaded BBQ area, herb and vegetable gardens, composting facilities, tool share centre, seating, flexible space and a bike hub.

Public space will be well lit to contribute to a safe atmosphere in the public realm and promote a 24-hour city. 24 hour commercial functions adjacent (north) will support the activation of public spaces.

2.7

Native Australian Garden & Nursery / Cafe Cricket Nets

Rumpus Room

2.3

The landscape and open space zone accommodates a diverse range of facilities including a dog park, orchard, treehouses and a Native Australian Garden which includes an educational/commercial nursery and cafe that sells native plants.

Bike Mechanic Hills Hoist Playground

Dog Park

2.3

ZONE 1: LANDSCAPE & OPEN SPACE

‘The Shed’ tool share BBQ area Composting

Flexible space

2.5 ZONE 3: COMMERCIAL & AGRICULTURAL Agriculture

Orchard & treehouses

Laundromat

2.4 ZONE 2:

RECREATION

Skate Park

Sprinkler Park

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 4


GUIDELINES 3.0 3.1

3.2

PRIORITISE PEDESTRIANS & CYCLISTS Alexandra Parade reduction from 8 lanes to 2 lanes. Lanes will be relocated to the southern part of the Parade. Car parking will be included to the north of commercial buildings on the Gasworks site to allow for servicing. Queens Parade will be accessed from George Street.

LANEWAY EXTENSIONS PROTECTED BIKE LANES 3.7

New tram route development along Alexandra Parade connecting Clifton Hill and North Melbourne via Parkville. 4M

3.3

TRAM LINE

1.2

4M

Multi-modal transport hubs at the new tram route stops at Alexandra Parade/Brunswick Street, Alexandra Parade/Smith Street and Napier Street/Alexandra Parade intersections. Hubs could include bicycle parking, bike sharing, public bathrooms and a bicycle mechanic/ cafĂŠ.

5M

4M

SECTION

3.6

1.2

3.4

Protected bicycle lanes introduced along north-south axis (Brunswick Street, Napier Street, George Street, Gore Street and Smith Street) and along east-west (Queens Parade and Alexandra Parade). Seperated 1.2 metre lanes that employ techniques such as delineator posts, bumps or planter barriers.

3.5

3.6

3.7

DELINEATOR POSTS, CHICAGO

MULTI-MODAL TRANSPORT HUBS

Introduction of pedestrian crossings at the intersection of Alexandra Parade and Young Street, Napier Street, George Street and Gore Street. Extension of laneways (north and west) in the block bordered by Napier Street, Queens Parade, George Street and Alexandra Parade as well as the Northern extension of Gore Street through the Gasworks Precinct to increase permeability. Gasworks development will integrate with surrounding blocks through the development of a publicly accessible fine grain street network that connects with existing thoroughfares.

OBLONG BUMPS, LONDON (CAMDEN)

GREEN POD (PENNY FARTHINGS)

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 5


GUIDELINES 4.0 4.1

INCREASE BUILT DENSITY Buildings heights for mixed-use developments should be a minimum of three storeys and a maximum of seven storeys to increase population density while respecting existing development in the area. This will create a new precinct that is high-density not high-rise.

4.2

Grain size at street level should be a minimum of 4m and a maximum of 8m to respect and retain the existing grain size in the Fitzroy precinct and to create an interesting and active faรงade.

4.3

4.4 4.4

4M

Medium density built form must provide diverse housing options to accommodate a variety of demographics (one-bedroom apartments and family apartments).

The heritage listed former Gasworks Valve House should be maintained and respectfully integrated into the new Gasworks precinct. This building will reflect the historical use of the site.

6M

4.5

7 STOREYS 6 STOREYS

GASWORKS VALVE HOUSE

BRITISH UNITED SHOE MACHINERY CO.

5 STOREYS 4 STOREYS 3 STOREYS

4.5

ACTIVE INTERFACE

British United Shoe Machinery Co. Pty Ltd building should be maintained and retrofitted to mixed-use. The building contributes to the historical character of the precinct.

URBAN HYBRID (MVRDV), ROTTERDAM

Street level use in mixed-use developments should be restricted to commercial and retail space to increase the interaction between public and private space. Use should be diverse to ensure the street edge remains active at different times, for example; gyms, restaurants and office space. This will provide natural surveillance of adjacent public space.

5.2

Street level use should support adjacent public space, for example, in the commercial and agricultural zone adjacent street level land uses could include, restaurants, supermarkets and cafes.

5.4

5.5 RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

OFFICE

Mixed-use development facades should provide consistent awnings at a height of three metres along Alexandra Parade to provide shelter and extend private space into the public realm. Alexandra Parade developments should have a high level of visual permeability to strengthen the relationship between public and private space.

GROUNDS OF ALEXANDRIA, SYDNEY OFFICE

5.3 GYM

RESTAURANT

OFFICE

OPENING HOURS OVER 24 HOUR PERIOD

Balconies should be included on the exterior faรงade where possible to increase the public/private interaction and contribute to natural surveillance.

5.6

Fitzroy Pool should create a second active interface at the eastern faรงade to increase interaction with the recreation zone. ALEXANDRA PARADE SMIITH RESERVE

RESIDENTIAL

FITZROY POOL

RESIDENTIAL

MIDNIGHT

5.1

BLUR BOUNDARY BETWEEN PUBLIC & PRIVATE SPAC-

MIDNIGHT

5.0

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 6


GUIDELINES 6.0 6.1

INTEGRATE SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE Activity zones will incorporate sustainable infrastructure for example; water collection systems integrated into tram stops, solar panels built into BBQ shaded area, rain gardens used to delineate flexible space, etc. All design will be water sensitive and allow for natural drainage filtration through bioswales, rain gardens, grey water systems, water tanks, etc. Collected water and energy will service on-site public infrastructure.

6.2

Urban agriculture will be integrated into public space through the inclusion of an orchard and of herb and vegetable gardens. This will provide aesthetic value and contribute to the health and wellbeing of the community.

6.4

Permeable surfaces will increase through public space expansion and private realm provisions that require 30% block permeability.

30%

60%

HOUSTON TRANSIT STATION, SNOHETTA

CERES COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT PARK, BRUNSWICK

6.3 LOW GROWING low growing WETLAND PLANTS wetland plants

ENGINEERED SOIL LAYERlayer engineered soil

BIOSWALE TRANSITION LAYER transition layer

UNDERDRAIN underdrain

Extensive landscaping throughout the three activity zones will increase canopy cover and contribute to the reduction of Urban Heat Island Effect. The use of drought resistant plants in the Native Australian Garden will reduce water use for landscape elements.

EUSKOTREN TRANBIA, BILBAO

6.5

Alternative green spaces should be incorporated into built form on development sites of above 500m2. Vertical gardens and rooftop gardens provide aesthetic, environmental and recreational value.

drainage layer DRAINAGE LAYER

NATIVE SOIL native soil

LIVING ROOFS (HASSELL), UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE (BURNELY CAMPUS)

RAIN GARDENS, JELLICOE STREET, AUCKLAND WATERFRONT WATER WISE GARDEN, BOAT’S END, SOUTH AUSTRALIA

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 7


IMPLEMENTATION

PHASE 1

PHASE 2

PHASE 3

PHASE 4

CONNECTIVITY

$$$

TRAM ROUTE & MULTI-MODAL STOPS

$$$$$

PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS

$

Local Government

NORTH SOUTH BIKE LANES

$

EAST WEST BIKE LANES

$

GASWORKS PRECINCT

$$$$$

BRITISH SHOE FACTORY

$$

OFFICEWORKS

$$$

26-56 QUEENS PARADE

$$

FITZROY RECYCLING DEPOT

$$

SMITH RESERVE

$$

LANDSCAPE & OPEN SPACE ZONE

$$$

COMMERCIAL & AGRICULTURE ZONE

$$$

RECREATION ZONE

$$$

ALEXANDRA PARADE LANE REDUCTION State Government (VicRoads)

State Government (VicRoads)

Private (East West Link Contractor)

State Government (Yarra Trams)

BUILT FORM Private Developer

Private Developer

Private Developer

Private Developer

Private Developer

Private Developer

SPACE ACTIVATION DEVELOPMENT OF A LINEAR PARK Private (East West Link Contractor)

$$

Private (East West Link Contractor)

Private (Gasworks Developer)

Private (Fitzroy Recycling Depot Developer)

TEMPORARY PROGRAMMING t t t

Linear Park opening fesitval Design competition for Native Australian Garden Temporary gardening in commercial / agriculture

t t t

Sustainable infrastructure interactive talks at multi-modal transport hubs Open-air cinema and night markets Juice stalls for orchard opening

t t

Hills Hoist Playground design competition Participatory art installations to generate ideas for art walls in skate park

t t t

Community markets Seasonal produce nights Project Completion Festival

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 8


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APPENDIX

QUEENS PARADE FITZROY NORTH

URBAN BACKYARD PAGE 9


APPENDIX CITY OF YARRA PLANNING SCHEME: MUNICIPAL STRATEGIC STATEMENT 21.08 NEIGHBOURHOOD OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES

REBECCA FITZGERALD 358631 LUCY FERGUON 327515

REBECCA FITZGERALD 358631 LUCY FERGUON 327515

CITY OF YARRA PLANNING SCHEME: INCORPORATED DOCUMENTS EAST WEST LINK (EASTERN SECTION) PROJECT 2014

21.03 VISION FOR 2020

STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK PLAN: ACTIVITY CENTRES

LAND USE

BUILT FORM

TRANSPORT

KEY URBAN DESIGN PRINCIPLES

ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

LOCAL GUIDELINES AND STRATEGIC DOCUMENTS

NEIGHBOURHOOD MAP: NORTH FITZROY

4 3

URBAN DESIGN FRAMEWORK

STRUCTURE PLAN

NORTH FITZROY GASWORKS PRECINCT (2008)

SMITH STREET (2008)

PLANNING MAPS ONLINE: ZONES & OVERLAYS

Princes Street

Melbourne University

Johnston

Street

Smith Street Study Area 1

Smith Street StripShopping Centre

World Heritage Site

Legend

Victoria Parad

e

Collingwood

North Richmond

u lbo

Me

2

Punt Road

Fitzroy Gardens

D

CB rne

Hoddle Street

k Street

Building n

OVERLAY: HERITAGE REGISTER

Brunswic

Lygon

Street

Victoria Park

ZONES

Royal Exhibitio

West Richmond

Jolimont

s St Flinder

1

Fitzroy Town Hall

2

Collingwood Town Hall

Yarra Park MCG The

JOHNSTON STREET (2012 DRAFT)

OVERLAYS: ENVIRONMENTAL AND LANDSCAPE

OVERLAYS: HERITAGE AND BUILT FORM Legend

URBAN DESIGN STRATEGY (2011)

URBAN BACKYARD

PAGE 10


2 storeys 3 storeys 4+ storeys

converted warehouse colonial hotel building fitzroy swimming pool

Brunswick Street hosts a high distribution of direct transparent interfaces with public access, while side streets and Alexandra Parade are more private with residential and industrial buildings. Industrial areas containing functional warehouses are private, largely

The range in building typologies demonstrate historical changes, from early colonial wealth to industrial sites to

(red, orange) are privatised, while transparent interfaces have a strong visual and physical relationship with the pedestrian.

Interfaces of building facades gives insight to the public and private

mixed use zone

business 3 zone

4

public use zone

key characteristics limited space footpaths service lanes car parking no street trees

3

key characteristics street trees cobblestones generous footpaths wide road with two median strips

2

public use zone

business 3 zone

business 1 zone light industry run down residential 1 zone mixed grain size noise pollution mixed use zone

medium density apartments industrial converted to mixed use mixture of large and small grain size

public use zone

business 3 zone

1

rezoned from industrial to mixed use

community infrastructure extensive bicycle parking mural two-storey limited protection from road

key characteristics

mixed use zone

residential 1 zone

business 1 zone

Rebecca Fitzgerald 358631, James Kelly 390990, Robert Churkovich & Lucy Ferguson 327515

URBAN FORM ANALYSIS - LAND USE

Facades of Alexandra Parade are private which results Residential buildings are typically found in rows in double in little street life or pedestrian movement. A greater and single storey terraces which now also occupy ground functional mix on Alexandra Parade must be considered in the future if this site is to be activated as a place of Brunswick Street. public interest.

Warehouse are distributed in small clusters within close proximity to Alexandra Parade due to the former Reilly Street Drain. Former warehouses have been converted over time for residential use or in some instances for commercial use, providing space for retail and business. These warehouses continue to be located to Alexandra Parade due to vehicular access.

Morphology Analysis

1 storey

warehouse

single storey terrace

double storey terrace

pavilion

green space

BUILDING HEIGHTS

INTERFACE TYPE

1

1.5

3

Car Parking

9

12

2

5

4

brunswick street activity centre

new medium density development

residential 1 zone

Bike Lane

SECTION 2

2

SECTION 1

2

BUILDING GRAIN SIZE

LE ST

REET HODD

UNIVERS ITY OF MELBOU RNE

55,000

Street

Footpath

1

key characteristics narrow street victorian terrace houses low fences street trees

3

Phase 1 of the Freeway (Hoddle Street to Bullen Road) commenced in 1977. Local protest and campaigns to stop the construction.

5

business 1 zone

3

3

3

key characteristics major activity centre tramline retail strip, mix of shops mixed grain size minimal greenery overhead wires

cityside self storage

footpath obstructed by bins one-two storey buildings

on street-parking narrow footpaths

1.5

1.5

Eastern Freeway. Points of congestion occur at intersections with Wellington and Brunswick Streets.

Large open drain, now exits underground. Widened in the 1970s

corporation reserve playground and seating

fitzroy swimming pool

0

ROAD

140,00 80,000 Eastern Free0way

Alexandra Parade

15

12

Parade

Eastern Freeway

Alexandra

Median Strip / Green Space

proposal to rezone existing B3Z to MUZ

Road

17

19

Median strips allows ease of pedestrian crossing. Tram route in the northern section, connecting Smith Street.

Queens Parade

4

2

Freeway (Vic Roads) Primary State Arterial (Vic Roads) Secondary State Arterial (Vic Roads) Major Road (Local Council) Barrier

Roundabout

Johnston

1

,00

FOOTSCRAY

30

LINK

de ara sP een Qu

ROAD NETWORK & TRAFFIC VOLUMES

Street Nicholson

AY EEW

Street Brunswick

RN FR

eet

TE EAS

Napier Str

BUILDING TYPOLOGY

CBD

Street George

Rebecca Fitzgerald 358631, James Kelly 390990, Robert Churkovich & Lucy Ferguson 327515

CITY ROAD

reet

CONTEXT MAP

Smith St

CITY

Street Wellington

URBAN FORM ANALYSIS - CONTEXT & MORPHOLOGY

APPENDIX

URBAN BACKYARD PAGE 11


s

Barrier

s

400m radius Train station

Activity Centres

s

!

!

!

!

!

!

s

!

!

!

sport centres

Tram 11 West Preston - Victoria Harbour Docklands runs every 7 minutes monday to thursday

Bus 250

Bus 546

Bike paths Tram routes

Tram 86 Bundoora RMIT Waterfront City Docklands runs every 9 minutes monday to thursday

Contaminated land Reilly Street drain could cause redevelopment problems Heritage housing could inhibit new development Smoke stacks potentially create eyesore, obstruct

East-West Link may encourage car usage over public transport Road responsibility distribution, Vic Roads and Local Council

THREATS

Tram 96 East Brunswick St Kilda Beach runs every 5 minutes monday to thursday

principles for future development

Pde Canopy cover and permeable surface increase Green space to provide community infrastructure + wildlife

Multi-modal transport hubs Alexandra Pde public transport Bicycle lane improvements Street network integration north + south of Alexandra Pde Cyclist and pedestrian preference at crossings Alternative to movement barriers at Gorr and Napier St Increase permeability north (Alexandra Pde) street network Queens Pde + Alexandra Pde medium density development Density increase along transport routes Affordable housing Increase services and employment Gasworks redevelopment to accommodate new streets, community infrastructure, mixed use development, etc

OPPORTUNITIES

Tram 1 and 6 runs every 4 minutes between monday and thursday

a space that is use FULL not use LESS

!

Icon

Continuous street trees Queens Parade, shade and reduce noise pollution

Cobblestone streets

Proximity to the CBD One-way roads Permeable pedestrian network (south of Alexandra Parade) Median strips assist in pedestrian movement Heritage housing Public art

North-south connections

WEAKNESSES

vision for the future

North-south connectivity

Green spaces

s

800m radius

400m radius

Continuous street trees Queens Parade, shade and reduce noise pollution

Gardens

Cobblestone streets

Proximity to the CBD One-way roads Permeable pedestrian network (south of Alexandra Parade) Median strips assist in pedestrian movement Heritage housing Public art Landmarks serve as icons and contribute to

North-south connections

STRENGTHS

Rebecca Fitzgerald 358631, James Kelly 390990, Robert Churkovich & Lucy Ferguson 327515

URBAN FORM ANALYSIS S.W.O.T

APPENDIX

URBAN BACKYARD PAGE 12


Increase built density

4

Incorporate cultural iconography

1

Blur boundary between private/ public spaces

5

URBAN FRAMEWORK

Alexandra Parade will be the public reinvention of the traditional Australian backyard. Transformed into an iconic mixeduse space that meets the diverse recreational needs of a new space hungry population.

URBAN BACKYARD

6

Integrate sustainable infrastructure

Reinvent & activate public space

2

3

Prioritise pedestrians & cyclists

Lucy Ferguson, Robert Churkovich, James Kelly & Rebecca Fitzgerald

Lucy Ferguson, Robert Churkovich, James Kelly & Rebecca Fitzgerald

APPENDIX

URBAN BACKYARD PAGE 13


Incorporate cultural iconography

1.2

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.4

THE SHED (CAFE & BIKE MECHANIC)

FITZROY POOL

BASKETBALL COURTS

CRICKET NETS

ORCHARD & TREE HOUSES

DOG PARK

NATIVE AUSTRALIAN GARDEN

1.1

ZONE 1: LANDSCAPE & OPEN SPACE

Hyttgardsparken (42architects), Falun, Sweden

Alternative culture of Fitzroy and North Fitzroy reflected in the inclusion of legal graffiti walls, a skate park, and a flexible space that can be utilised for cultural events, etc.

Reinterpret the traditional Australian backyard in public space through the incorporation of iconic features such as the hills hoist, shed, herb and vegetable garden, BBQ deck, tree houses and cricket pitches. This public space will replace the private backyard for a modern space poor neighbourhood.

3.5

3.4

3.3

3.2

3.1

1.5

1.4

1.3

4.2

4.4

3.9

3.5

3.1

3.2

3.10

3.9

3.8

3.7

3.6

HILLS HOIST PLAYSCAPE

3.1

3.4 3.3

Removal of barriers at the Alexandra Parade/Napier Street and Alexandra Parade/Gore Street intersection.

Footpaths should be a minimum of 3m wide to allow for comfortable pedestrian movement in both directions.

Introduction of pedestrian crossings at the intersection of Alexandra Parade and Young Street, Napier Street, George Street and Gore Street.

Gasworks development will integrate with surrounding blocks through the development of a publicly accessible fine grain street network that connects with existing thoroughfares.

Extension of laneways (north and west) in the block bordered by Napier Street, Queens Parade, George Street and Alexandra Parade as well as the Northern extension of Gore Street through the Gasworks Precinct to increase permeability.

SPRINKLER PARK

4.4

4.3

4.2

4.1

1.1

1.2

2.3

2.2

2.1

SKATE PARK & GRAFFITI WALLS

ZONE 2: RECREATION

Use of traditional Australian materials in the design of public infrastructure, for example; Australian timbers and corrugated iron.

Orchard and urban agriculture zone to include landscaping features and plants that reflect traditional gardens of migrant populations. To recognize the post WWII influx of Italian and Greek immigrants and more recent immigrants from Vietnam and other southeast Asian countries.

The Australian Garden, Cranbourne

The Native Australian Garden will have a two-fold function as a recreational landscape and as a cultural museum. The open-air museum will narrate the Aboriginal history of Fitzroy and North Fitzroy alongside traditional Australian landscape.

3.8

Dedicated bicycle lanes introduced along north-south axis (Brunswick Street, Napier Street, George Street, Gore Street and Smith Street) and along east-west (Queens Parade and Alexandra Parade).

Development of bicycle hubs at tram stops that could include bicycle parking, bike sharing, public bathrooms and a bicycle mechanic/café.

Multi-modal transport hubs at the new tram route stops at Alexandra Parade/Brunswick Street, Alexandra Parade/Smith Street and Napier Street/Alexandra Parade intersections

Tram route development along Alexandra Parade connecting Lygon Street and Smith Street via Alexandra Parade.

Alexandra Parade lane reduction from 8 lanes to 2 lanes. Lanes will be relocated to the southern part of the Parade. Queens Parade lane reduction from 4 lanes to 2 lanes. This allows for the expansion of existing green space to the north and the south. Servicing of Alexandra Parade commercial buildings will occur through service lanes on the north side of the street.

OBJECTIVES

1 3. Prioritise pedestrians and cyclists

2

3

4.7

4.6

3.6

2.7

2.6

2.5

2.4

Built form along Alexandra Parade should have no setbacks to create a continuous façade at the street frontage.

Grain size at street level should be a minimum of 4m and a maximum of 8m to respect and retain the existing grain size in the Fitzroy precinct and to create an interesting and active façade.

Alexandra Parade street wall parapet should not exceed 2 storeys; additional storeys must be set back 5 meters to a maximum of 5 storeys. This will reflect the local character of the Smith Street and Brunswick Street retail strips, integrate with existing low density development and retain human scale.

Buildings heights for mixed-use developments should be a minimum of two storeys and a maximum of five storeys to increase population density while respecting existing development in the area. This will create a new precinct that is high-density not highrise. diagram

The landscape and open space zone accommodates a diverse range of facilities including a dog park, native Australian garden, and an orchard.

1

Introduction of three public space zones to complement existing and planned built form. Landscape and open space zone, recreation zone and commercial and agricultural zone.

Development of a Linear Park along Alexandra Parade through the expansion of existing median strip. Triangle Park extension to the south and the north. Park will extend from Yarra River to Moonee Ponds Creek to strengthen existing green infrastructure network.

1.1

BBQ AREA

3.7

Fry’s Storage Facility should be maintained and retrofitted to mixeduse. The building contributes to the historical character of the precinct.

The heritage listed former Gasworks Valve House should be maintained and respectfully integrated into the new Gasworks precinct. This building will reflect the historical use of the site.

Built form must provide diverse housing options to accommodate a variety of demographics, for example, one-bedroom apartments and family apartments.

Precedent: Urban Hybrid- MVRDV, Rotterdam

4.7

4.6

4.5

FLEXIBLE SPACE URBAN AGRICULTURE

Lucy Ferguson, Robert Churkovich, James Kelly & Rebecca Fitzgerald

1.4

1.2

ZONE 3: COMMERCIAL & AGRICULTURAL

Public space will be well lit to contribute to a safe atmosphere in the public realm and promote a 24hour city.

People’s Market, Collingwood

The flexible space between Gore St and Smith St will allow for diverse and temporary programming, for example, farmers market, food trucks, cultural festivals and car parking.

The commercial and agricultural zone accommodates a diverse range of facilities including open green space, shaded BBQ area, herb and vegetable gardens, seating, tram stops, flexible space and a bike hub.

Teen Playground (KATO x Victoria), Slangerup, Denmark

The recreation zone accommodates a diverse range of facilities including cricket nets, basketball courts, a bike hub, playscape, skate park, free graffiti walls, water feature, open green space and tram stops.

Lucy Ferguson, Robert Churkovich, James Kelly & Rebecca Fitzgerald

6. Reinvent and actiavte public space 4. Incraese built density

OBJECTIVES

APPENDIX

URBAN BACKYARD PAGE 14


5. Blur boundary between private/public spaces 5.3

5.3

5.2

5.2

midnight

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

OPENING HOURS OVER 24 HOUR PERIOD

RESTAURANT

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

GYM

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

OFFICE

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

ALEXANDRA PARADE

Fitzroy Pool should create a second active interface at the eastern faรงade to increase interaction with the recreation zone. see plan

GROUNDS OF ALEXANDRIA, SYDNEY

Street level use should respond to the adjacent public space, for example, in the commercial and agricultural zone adjacent street level land uses could include, restaurants, supermarkets and cafes.

FITZROY POOL

5.1

Street level use in mixed-use developments should be restricted to commercial and retail space to increase the interaction between public and private space. Use should be diverse to ensure the street edge remains active at different times to provide natural surveillance of adjacent public space.

midnight

SMITH RESERVE

5.1

engineered soil layer

TRAM STOP WATER COLLECTION FITZROY POOL NEW INTERFACE

5.3

PANEL ROOF

6.2

6.1

AGRICULTURE

6.1 SOLAR

GARDENS

6.2 URBAN

ORCHARD

6.1 RAIN

Urban agriculture will be integrated into public space through the inclusion of an orchard and of herb and vegetable gardens. This will provide aesthetic value and contribute to the health and wellbeing of the community. see plan

RAIN GARDEN

drainage layer

transition layer

TREE CANOPY

6.2

HOUSTON TRANSIT STATION, SNOHETTA

native soil

underdrain

low growing wetland plants

Activity zones will incorporate sustainable infrastructure whenever possible, for example; water collection systems integrated into tram stops, solar panels built into BBQ shaded area, rain gardens used to delineate flexible space, etc. see plan

NATIVE AUSTRALIAN GARDEN

5.6

6.1

6.1

6.1

6.3

Balconies should be included on the exterior faรงade where possible to increase the public/private i n t e r a c t i o n and contribute to natural surveillance.

Alexandra Parade developments should have a high 5.4 level of visual 5.5 permeability to strengthen the relationship between public and private space.

Mixed-use development facades should provide consistent awnings at a height of three metres along Alexandra Parade to provide shelter and extend private space into the public realm.

6.4

5.6

5.5

5.4

3 METRES

OBJECTIVES

6.6

6.6

6.5

6.4

6.3

6.5

60%

30%

Alternative greenspaces should be incorporated into built form where possible. Vertical gardens and rooftop gardens provide aesthetic, environmental and recreational value.

Permeable surfaces will increase through public space expansion and private realm provisions that require 30% block permeability.

The use of drought resistant plants in the Native Australian Garden will reduce water use for landscape elements.

Extensive landscaping throughout the three activity zones will increase canopy cover and contribute to the reduction of Urban Heat Island Effect. An avenue of trees will frame the linear park to define space and soften edges. see plan

6. Integrate sustainable infrastructure

Lucy Ferguson, Robert Churkovich, James Kelly & Rebecca Fitzgerald

APPENDIX

URBAN BACKYARD PAGE 15

Land Use and Urban Design - Urban Design Framework  

The field work for assessment is in Fitzroy and North Fitzroy, centred on Alexandra Parade. The site is currently the focus of extensive pub...

Land Use and Urban Design - Urban Design Framework  

The field work for assessment is in Fitzroy and North Fitzroy, centred on Alexandra Parade. The site is currently the focus of extensive pub...

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