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Windsor Photo Guild


W H A T ’S


N E W ?

General meetings of the Windsor Photo Guild will now begin at 6:00pm on the last Monday of each month: Next meeting is November 29th. There will not be a general meeting in December. Our NEW home is Lilly Kazzilly’s at 9550 Riverside Drive East. This beautiful location, across from Peche Island, has excellent food and drinks for great prices. See you at the next monthly meeting!

M E M B E R S C H A L L E N G E The Guild will provide members with a monthly ’assignment’ to shoot based on a theme, season or a photographic technique. Test your skills, try new approaches and share your photos at the next meeting. Assignments are optional, of course! November: it is Composition month. Try a new angle or subject December: anything holiday related: candles, a fireplace, table settings, use your imagination… Be creative and have fun! shooting !





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President’s Message: My Favourite Season Dear Members, Summer’s heat is dissipating and fall colours are just around the corner. Autumn is my favourite season (although I don’t like what follows!) Over the summer months, the WPG directors and volunteers have wrapped up a number of tasks on the WPG’s to-do list and started a few more... A draft of the WPG constitution and By-laws will be ready for membership review in a few weeks. They won’t become “law” until our first Annual General Meeting held next March (more to follow on that). We’ve made the initial application for a Trillium Grant. If the grant is approved, it will allow the Guild to purchase a number of items such as a projector, computer,

printer, projection screen, etc. We may also be able to get funding for a couple of field trips ...The Board is still working on that one. We have speakers and photography lessons lined up for each meeting, so there will be plenty to learn, share and discover each month. And as always…lots of time for casual discussion! Each time I am asked to write a few words for our newsletter, I like to take a moment to thank the volunteers that are working so hard to make the Windsor Photo Guild what we all want it to be: a vibrant community-based group of photography enthusiasts, learning together, sharing knowledge and discovering new friends! This group of volunteers

~ photo by Rachel Elizabeth

meets at least twice a month and corresponds several times a week regarding WPG business. I want to make sure it is not a thankless task so... “Thank you”. Best regards, David Lester, President Windsor Photo Guild

Upcoming Events: Autumn 2010 Summer leaves are changing! How is the Guild changing this autumn? Our Monthly Newsletter is now Quarterly...and delivered to you with each new season. Look for more news, events and tips to help improve your skills in photography! Quarterly editions will arrive in November, February, May & August.

General meetings will now begin at 6:00pm. Members can enjoy Guild activities but return home earlier now that days are getting shorter... Time to Celebrate! The Guild will have a Holiday Party on Monday Dec 6th, from 6:00-9:00 pm at Lilly Kazzillys. We promise great company, a great meal and ample time to relax and mingle. No monthly meeting in Dec, as

this is a busy time of year for many of us. More details about the party to follow… As always we welcome your feedback, so please email comments, suggestions, or questions to the WPG website: ~Rachel Elizabeth, WPG Secretary and Editor of the Newsletter






What is an F-stop?     Photographers set  their exposure using a   combination of shutter  speeds and f‐stops to  get the correct amount  of light on the film or  sensor. The shutter  speed regulates how  long the film is exposed  to light coming through 

F-32, ISO 100, shutter speed of 7seconds

the lens. The f‐stop   regulates how much   light is allowed through  the lens by varying the  area of the hole   the light comes through.   For any given film speed  (ISO) and lighting   combination there is one  correct amount of light to 

properly expose the film.  This amount of light can  be achieved with many   different combinations of   f‐stop and shutter  speeds.    

from  A History of   Photography: The 2000’s  by Matthew Cole  

The Magic Numbers: Understanding F-Stops   

Of all  the  concepts  in  photography, the difference between the various  


F-25, ISO 100, 6 seconds

“Opening up your  aperture from F11 to  F8 is double (2x) the  amount of light”  

f‐stops    gives  beginner  photographers  the  most  trouble.  The  following  is  a  quick        breakdown of the concept. The sequence of full f‐stop numbers is as  follows:          Less light    ————>————>———>———>    Smaller opening (aperture)    F‐1      F‐1.4      F‐2      F‐2.8      F‐4      F‐5.6      F‐8      F‐11      F‐16      F‐22      F‐32      F‐45      F‐64                        Larger opening (aperture)   <———<———<————<——–—   More light         When opening up your aperture from F‐11 to F‐8, that is double (2x) the amount of light,      from F‐8 to F‐5.6 is double again (2x2=4)      so F‐5.6 allows 4 times the amount of light of F‐11    from 5.6 to F‐4 is double again (4x2=8)           so F‐4 allows 8 times the amount of light of F‐11    from F‐4 to F‐2.8 double yet again (8x2=16)  so F‐2.8 allows 16 times the light of F‐11          Now, if you are closing down your aperture from F‐2.8 to F‐11, it is the same idea, except  

instead of doubling the light, you are losing half of the light with each change in F‐stop.        As such, you can think of f‐stops as fractions:  

F-16, ISO 100, 6 seconds Bay St. at Queen St. W. , Toronto, Ontario photos by Rachel Elizabeth

       F‐2.8 to F‐4 cuts out half (1/2) of the light            F‐4 to F‐5.6 cuts out half the light again (1/2 x 1/2 = 1/4).              from F‐5.6 to F‐8 cuts out half the light again (1/2 x 1/4 = 1/8).       and from F‐8 to F‐11  half the light is cut yet again (1/2 x 1/8=1/16).           So from F‐2.8 to F‐5.6 you get 1/4 of the light     So from F‐2.8 to F‐8 you get 1/8 of the light               and from F‐2.8 to F‐11 you get 1/16 of the light.           These are the 'magic' numbers. By knowing them ‐ and using them ‐ you can control your     

exposure more effectively. ‐ Luciana Nechita







Welcome, Welcome! The Windsor Photo Guild welcomes member Susan Washington to  the Executive Board. Susan refers to herself as “an Idea’s Person”  and she’s already shown us that the proof is in the pudding at the  latest  board  meetings.    Prior  to  joining  the  board,  Susan  actively   participated  in  the  general  meetings  and  showed  us  her  unique  brand  of  creative  photography  by  sharing  her  photos  too.  The  Guild Executive members enjoyed a trip to Peche Island WPG is fortunate to have her input. Thanks for your help Susan!  on Saturday, September 18th. The Citizens Environmental Alliance sponsors a yearly event, that opens the island to the public, with boat rides from Lakeview Marina and guided tours of the island. (from left ) David Lester, Susan Washington, Luciana Nechita, Rachel Elizabeth and Dawn Lester.

“A good photograph is knowing where to stand.” ‐Ansel Adams  Photographer, Environmentalist, Co‐Founder of Group F‐64   1902‐1984      

T h e A r t of B a c k L i g h t i n g By Phil McDermott Contrary to  popular  belief  stunning  photographs  can  be  taken  when  shooting  into  the  light.  Whilst  this  may  contradict  advice  given  to   beginners  to  always  shoot  with  the  light  coming  from  behind  the   camera  the  art  of  backlighting  is  a  technique  that  can  produce   wonderful  images.  However,  many  photographers  are  intimidated  by  the  idea  of  pointing  the  camera  towards  the  light  and  shy  away  from  many worthwhile opportunities.  There is much to consider when using this technique if frustration and  disappointment  are  to  be  avoided.  However,  once  mastered  there  is  Fishermen at Sunrise, Lake St. Clair little doubt that backlighting can be magical and will add both drama and  ~ photo by Luciana Nechita visual  impact  to  your  photographs  and  diversity  and  interest  to  your  portfolio.  There  are  many  subjects  to  try,  my  favourites  are  translucent  flowers  and  foliage  or  rim  lighting  of   animals  and  birds.  Backlighting  will  enhance  mist,  rain  and  haze  adding  creativity  and  atmosphere  to  landscape  images.  The two most challenging aspects of photographing back lit subjects are to adequately eliminate flare and ensure  correct exposure. These concerns can be allayed with a little practice, good technique and an understanding of the  exposure process.  Flare gives rise to a loss of definition and is probably the most significant area requiring attention, so a measured  and  methodical  approach  is  needed.  It  is  produced  when  intense  rays  of  light  hit  the  front  element  of  the  lens  causing  excessive  lens  refraction,  this  leads  to  specula  highlights,  image  softening  and  loss  of  definition.  Clearly  this is to be avoided and there are several ways to overcome this undesirable effect.



Lenses show  individual  characteristics  but  in  general  the  more  lens   elements  used  in  their  construction  the  more  vulnerable  they  will  be  to  flare. With this in mind zoom lenses are more likely to be flare susceptible  that prime fixed focal length lenses. Lens coatings also have an impact on  flare, modern multi coated lenses consistently outperform earlier models  and this alone can significantly reduce most potential flare problems.  In  many  backlit  situations  using  a  designated  lens  hood  will  greatly   improve  the  chances  of  eliminating  flare  by  keeping  stray  light  from   striking  the  front  element  of  the  lens.  Indeed,  the  use  of  a  good  quality  lens hood can improve saturation in all images.  Having taken the above precautions a final visual inspection of the image  through the viewfinder, preferably with the lens stopped down, will show  any remaining areas of softness or highlights resulting from flare. This may  only require a slight repositioning of the camera to eliminate.  The  other  challenge  in  photographing  backlit  subjects  is  how  best  to   Foggy night: Detroit Skyline handle  exposure.  Overexposure  is  a  common  problem,  as  the  brightly‐lit  background  will  overly  influence  the  camera's  meter  this  will  turn  the   February 2010 ~R Elizabeth Photography subject very dark, indeed almost silhouette like. Exposure compensation is  the answer and it is best to give between one and two stops extra exposure from the 'normal' exposure suggested  by the camera. Alternatively, take a spot meter reading from the shadow area and expose at the camera's reading  this should require no compensation. As exposure for backlit subjects is tricky it is best to practice various exposure  metering patterns and overrides until you are comfortable in approaching various back lighting opportunities that  present  themselves.  So  there  really  is  no  excuse  for  not  getting  out  there,  there  is  an  endless  variety  of  subjects  waiting to be found and with care they can become some of your most creative and satisfying images. 

Photo Finishing Presentations SEPTEMBER 27th WPG Member Tony Vitella presented his expertise in Photoshop CS5. Tony is a professional wedding videographer and photographer and a Photoshop Wizard! The workshop was a demonstration of beginner techniques in processing photos, including tips and tricks for creating interesting effects. OCTOBER 25th An Adobe Lightroom presentation was given by WPG President Dave Lester. In addition, Director-At-Large Frank Houser, took us to Alaska with a wonderful slideshow of his summer 2010 vacation. NOVEMBER 29th Join us for our last meeting of the year, when Vice President Luciana Nechita will demonstrate Picassa software and Dave Lester will show us Photoscape & Gimp. These are free, online software programs that members can download and use to process their photos… We look forward to seeing you!

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Windsor Photo Guild Newsletter, fall edition