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LUCÍA DE MOLINA BENAVIDES


INTRODUCTION Architecture in 5 days is a collection/selection of all the projects I designed during the MCH master in collective housing 2013 in Madrid. All the projects have been designed within 5 days and this shows an architectural trend of the last years for different reasons and aspects. Be fast with good result I think is the keypoint to win architectural competition in our times. This means having the capacity of managing time, work, people and thought in a short time and be efficient and able to give the greatest answer to the client. MCH2013 were made up people from different continents and this provides also the capacity of organizing people from different nations, culture and thought, and get the best out of it in less then one week. I consider housing one of the most interesting but difficult areas in architecture and thanks to MCH I could enhance my background with a variety of fields that housing involves such as Sociology, Busines & Management, Energy & Sustainability, Housing Theory, Low-cost Housing, Construction & Technology, Urban Planning, Housing projects. All the Master have been taught completetly in English learning from well-experience professors with international prestige. MCH organized a micro-workshop with AA_Architectural Associations in London related with Urbanity and Sustainability.

Lucia De Molina Benavides


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SLOWMADNESS

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07

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DEPTH STUDIES

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08 CONSTRUCTION

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PLAYGROUND

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09

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LIVE WITH/LIKE ANIMALS 52

10 HOUSING

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INHABITED SCREENS

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11 LOW-COST

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HOUSING: A METHOD

80

12 ENERGY

QUALITY ON A STORYBOARD 92

& TECNOLOGY 100

THE URBAN RESIDENTIAL PROJECT PROJECTS

HOUSING

122 134

146

& SUSTAINABILITY 156


01

SLOWMADNESS

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we reconsider the techniques used to think and design the relationship between the contemporary domestic environment, its spatial outcome and the rhythm of our cities. Our daily routine is full of empty repetitive actions that become unconscious and therefore unable to generate curiosity; meanwhile, the city imposes an increasing rhythm to its citizens. The dramatic frequence of these changes weakens any kind of sensitive experience, thus creating a break between the domestic and the urban domain. Opposite to this acceleration, alternative options such as the slow movement, which goes from cooking to commuting, have arised. in this context, speed is no longer a mythological parameter associated to activity, productivity and dynamism, it becomes the basic ingredient of a conscious and global use of time and space. Therefore we propose a new sensitivity that is able to revisit the paradigms that define wellbeingness. It will help us understand that the crisis period that surrounds us could be a priceless opportunity to approach new challenges that derive from the new social structures, globalization and climate change. It will activate an innovative vocabulary of concepts and policies. To sum up, we want to speak about a new city and an innovative, habitable and democratic domestic space.

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This workshop tries to rethink our current way of life and push us to reinvent and propose a new dwelling type in response to our needs.

SLOWMADNESS

workshop

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Director_

Juan Herreros

Assistant_

MarĂ­a Auxiliadora GĂĄlvez

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DOMESTIC PUBLIC DOMESTIC

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LAVAPIES

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We should study the parts that work. Al hypothesis get tested in the real world. One size doesn’t fit all. The greatest Asset that the city can have is something that’s different from other places. //Jane Jacobs

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After a brief analysis we find the elected location as a strategic point where the transition between publicity (Lavapiés) and domesticity (okupa’s sites) takes place. Two different rythms of the city converge in the site and are collected into the project through the elevator system. THEORY //Elders

LAVAPIES

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//Inmigrants

//Occupy

Lavapies is certainly a diverse quarter, yet occupation and co-habitation strategies might be the neighborhood’s most characteristic assets. Self managed spaces bring forth an oportunity to the city as a space of possible recognition and are a projection of domestic space into the urban life. Co-habitation schemes allow breaking the traditional housing paradigms and thinking of new forms of habitation.

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More than a political protest, Okupas are an interesting case to study in terms of re-interpretation and occupation of junk spaces and vacant land. The themes to study are: /Co-habitation strategies. /Co-responsibility, self management and spontaneity. /Open possibility for unpredictable uses. /socio-constructive spaces /Scheme of occupation for empty plots.

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Self managed spaces in Embajadores prove to be an addition, that takes place in urban space, to what is lacking in the domestic space. Linked directly to dwelling, labour and artistic production, self-managed spaces sometimes blur the line between the domestic and the public, as new habitation forms do.

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The site, located a few meters from the LavapiĂŠs square, represents an opportunity in this part of the city. The void is occupied taking advantage of its current situation and respecting what is existing.

OCCUPY CONCEPT

CO-HABITATION With the adaption of structures to dwelling and other kind of activities, co-habitation strategies provide an oportunity to break traditional housing schemes. UNPREDICTABILITY Nothing is permanent, a wide variety occupation forms and activities can take place giving freedom for new proposals, only a fixed structure to store tools, instruments and objects for this proposals. OCCUPATION Taking advantage of the existing infrastructure, occupation takes place in a very clever and simple principle. Take the most out of a space that has been left as residual... a space that today is vacant.

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STRATEGY

URBAN OCCUPATION COMMUNAL AREAS

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TOWER CELLS

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UNITS

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FIXED WALL

Taking advantage of the existing technological possibilities, multiscalar relations take place within the project. The scales go from the super-public scale to the super-private one going through intermediate spaces that contradict their own nature. A public corridor in a domestic environment. A domestic environment within a public tower.

INTERSCALAR RELATIONS

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Domesticity can be understood as the ability of oneself to take possesion of a specific space or object through the act of occupation.

DOMESTIC OCCUPATION INTERPRETATION

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MOBILE

Taking the FIXED elements from the house, the house could be out of proportion, the corridor and the storage could develop in the most important parts of the building. The hierarchy of these spaces improve until the exasperation. In this kind of “rooms� it is possible to have from the essential to the most complex. No functions are established, no names are assigned. The rooms are devided by hierarchy of space (from the public to the private; from the corridor to the tower.

FIXED

Analyzing the daily life of a person, activities, uses and number of users can be classified linked directly to with the type of furniture. The furniture is then classified as FIXED or MOBILE.

USERS

FURNITURE

NUMBER OF USERS

MOVEMENT


UNITS

The room is the beginning of architecture. It is the place of the mind. Luis Kahn 1971

In resistance to the idea of traditional dwelling types,the project intends to achieve a free occupation of the units an a costume made solution for every dweller.

Three general rules were established. 131.4 cu m

4.20m x 3m

197.1 cu m

75.6 cu m

7.30m x 3m

113.4 cu m

1. Every unit has at 151.2 least 6 meters height. cu m 2. Every unit has direct acces to the public corridors. 3. Ever unit is linked directly to a bridge or pasarel.

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Our tower made up cells works as a vending machine and its working system is based on a code. The dweller possess their own room, a volume, a unit . Once the resident introduces their cell number into the tower, a mechanic platform descends and picks them up untill the space desired. These spaces are super private rooms focused on their owner’s interests or hobbies like a winery, an art room, a music room, a recording booth, or just simply a car parking...

MECHANIZE/SYSTEMIZE/AUTOMATIZE CONCEPTUAL SECTION

////For the city dwellers of the 21st century

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WINE STORAGE

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STUDIO

212

212

520

STORAGE

75

PARKING

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23

16

105

105

= 06

LIBRARY

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37

26

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GUEST ROOM

PARKING

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ROOM

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STORAGE

654

PARKING

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16

162

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42

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95

PRIVATE

ROOM

68

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STORAGE

10

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WINE CELLAR

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162

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FOR RENT

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95

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PARKING

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129

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WINE CELLAR

GALLERY

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21

20

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STORAGE

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06

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STUDIO

LIBRARY

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39

PARKING


The section sequence highlights the internal height play that provide a radiography of movement for anyone that is inside the building. The SLOWMADNESS of the 21 century dwellers.

SECTION SEQUENCE GENERIC FLOORPLAN

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GROUND LEVEL

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PROGRAM 100% 4776 sqm

TECNICAL SECTION

UNITS

12.5% 604.8 sqm 2300 m続 20 units

COLLECTIVE SERVICES 5.7% 270 sqm

FIXED WALL 7% 337.5

TOWER CELLS 53.6% 2560 sqm 160 cells

CIRCULATIONS AND PLATFORMS 21.2% 1003.61

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SECTION DETAIL


FLOOR PLAN

GROUND FLOOR

DETAIL

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PLAN DETAIL

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FLOOR PLAN

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FLOOR PLAN

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FLOOR PLAN DETAIL

PLAN DETAIL

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FINAL MODEL

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FINAL MODEL

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DOMESTIC PUBLIC DOMESTIC

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DEPTH STUDIES

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This program is developed in one week during the lessons period. According to each depth we need to study all the possibilities, advantages and disadvantages, take the strength points from each dwelling type and push it to the extreme. The result will be 5 specific typologies depending on 6m, 9m, 12m, 15m, 18m depth and very different between them. The resultant unit must have 100 sqm as a surface and students will have to design a system in order to let the dwelling grow up with diverse dimensions. After this process the next step will be to discover how to combine those units in order to obtain the most optimal distribution in a 100m x 100m plot and get into a residential building model.

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During this workshop, students could be researching on necessities for a housing type within different depths, it means, an approximately understanding to several situations from 6 meters until 18 meters depth.

DEPTH STUDIES

workshop

02

Director_

Andrea Deplazes

Assistant_

Fernando Altozano

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THE SPINE

CONCEPT

The project is the result of an ensemble of boxes in the middle of the dwelling which articulates the activity inside each unit. These boxes contain fixed furniture, that is to say, bathroom, kitchen, storages, staircase and facilities. This way the rest of the space remains free, open to any activity, anytime by anyone. The rest of the furniture (the mobile one) stay inside the storage attached to the boxes’ walls and only appears when it is required. This flexible furniture allows to the dweller the possibility to use only the element that they want, when they want, with anyone.

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9M DEPTH ANALYSIS

DAYTIME FIXED FURNITURE NIGHT TIME

DAYTIME FIXED FURNITURE

Analyzing a typical 9m depth dwelling we find out that one of the most efficient ways to design it is putting all the humid rooms in the middle of it. This way we are generating two areas according to the housing program separated by this humid slab. With this system we safe surface dedicated to corridors and circulations. Our proposal deals with the reinterpretation of this dwelling and tries to release these spaces from given activities through the establishment of this core, made up facilities and fixed furniture, as the spine that generates activity around it.

NIGHT TIME

ANYTIME

ANYTIME

FIXED FURNITURE

FIXED FURNITURE

ANYTIME

ANYTIME

ANYTIME FIXED FURNITURE ANYTIME

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DWELLING TYPOLOGY

Inside the units, we can find a clear space with multiple solutions, there is no number of rooms, no program, no main faรงades, just boxes as a core containing all the things necessary in a house. Even the furniture appears in the scene only when is required keeping the rest stored

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DISTRIBUTION OPTIONS

UNIT 1_100 sqm

UNIT 2_150 sqm

Mainly, the unit is split in two by this “spine“ and considering an assemblage with the following one, the spine is effective also as an union element through the staircase. We can give alternative units, just reproducing this concept and modifying its surface only increasing or decreasing the number of boxes inside it. We can obtain as a result different surfaces but always keeping 9m depth. This core is present in all the building, creating a spine in the collective housing. Is the main element in all the possible aspects in architecture: -Structural -Facilities -Constructive -Distribution With this organization users enjoy all the sqm inside the dwelling and they always moves around this inner element. Unit 1 (100 sqm) links to Unit 2 (150 sqm) by the “spine“ where the stair case are accommodated.

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FINAL MODEL

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FINAL MODEL

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Rext-dwelling=46,158 m Nยบdwellings/floor=18


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FINAL MODEL Thinking on the way of occupying a 100m x 100m plot we consider a circle the more appropriate one. We can imagine that having this spine inside the dwelling users can experiment two different atmospheres depending on the side of the building that they are. That is to say that a circle is the perfect footprint to isolate the building from the exterior and it generates a courtyard inside, giving sense to the spine concept. Locating the staircase inside the fixed slab and taking advantage of that gesture, we provoke different heights from one dwelling to the next one elevating pieces of the building and giving entrances to the inner and private courtyard. Dwellers enjoys a peaceful access because each unit has their own loggia as a hall.

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03

PLAYGROUND

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In this workshop the aim is to show how creatively we can make cities, fun places with opportunities for interaction and play. During 5 days we are looking for fun, exciting new ways to get people to interact with the city on a different level. Regeneration of cities should not just be about increasing value and foot fall but it should capture people’s imaginations make them want to get involved try and experiment with new things. We think cities have forgotten how to have fun and need to let themselves go and live a little. We need to design an easy making installation (temporal or permanent), a funny system, and settle it in a worthless space. In that way we will be regenerating this area and giving to it a new use promoting social relations and meeting points. Thus, play should not be thought of as an activity exclusively for the young. Playgrounds can have others advantages, improve agility, balance and motor skills for young and old alike. “Play facilitates organisational learning, creativity, communitybuilding and cohesion, and overall, enhances adaptivity and attentiveness.” - Dr. Tian Dayton

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Playscape; (’plā, skāp) Noun: A playful landscape characterised by the occurrence of enjoyment by the public & all those that interact with it.

PLAYGROUND

workshop

03

Director_

Burgos & Garrido

Assistant_

Javier Malo De Molina

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LAVAPIES

The place chosen is an strategic point regarding connectivity and the only area that enjoys vegetation in Lavapiés.

Lavapiés is considered a neighborhood full of squares but no one of them has vegetation. Our aim is provide to the quarter a meeting point to play and gather people increasing the value of this interesting group of trees and be enjoyed for everybody.

Analysis_ Strength -Converging point between streets. - Big green mass, the most important vegetated area in the neighborhood -Proximity to Plaza Lavapiés an important point with a high flow of people Weakness - Traffic flow -No relation with Plaza Lavapiés

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The project goes beyond a simple a playground, is more than a place to play. Following the philosophy of the tree house, the platform aims to bring the user to the nature, thus satisfying the strong attraction that both adults and children experience when they go into a intimate atmosphere generated by trees. Adapting the essence of the tree house to urban scale, we decide to unfolder it, generating a public platform. The proposal still remains the features of this element, immersion in the foliage, the ability to perform activities on a higher level to the ground and wood as a material. Thanks to this new shape we can provide new posibilites the citizents like view points, slides, rest areas, infinitive fun paths...

CONCEPT

CONCEPT

a strategic approach to a worthless land

LAVAPIES, MADRID.

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THE UNFOLDED TREE HOUSE


STRATEGY 01

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The intervention is developed in a small plaza in the neighborhood of Lavapies in Madrid, the project propose to solve a conflictive vehicular corner generated by the confluence of three streets, this makes the plaza run out of use other than providing an obsolete interspace in a crowded zone in Madrid. Since it is the only area that provides trees to the neighborhood the strategy is to generate a second plane with the intervention that gives another layer of pedestrian transit and that take advantage of the special characteristic of the area. The project is then an unfolded tree house in which you can stay and be next to the top of the trees and away from the traffic flow, in a way to feel the forest within the city.

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ACTIVITIES IN THE UNFOLDED TREE HOUSE

ACTIVITIES DIAGRAM

Just by giving a triangulation system with different slopes, several spaces are created and that can be used by children adolescents and adults in an infinite path. It can be a different path from the daily path to go to work, where people can take advantage to do some exercise. The height of the different platforms let the children, youngsters and everyone who is up there to be watched from every spot of the plaza keeping the space safe, and since it is one level high, the possibility to be closed at night.

MEETINGS

SLIDE

UP AND DOWN TEENAGERS REST

HIDE AND SEEK

ADMIRE

BE IN NATURE

30-45º

16-23ºº

16-23ºº

10º

10º

MIN

44 MAX

ADULTS

READ

MAX

IDEAL

KIDS

30-45º


CONTEXT

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GENERAL FLOOR PLAN

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FLOOR PLAN

FUN PATH

CONTINUOUS CYCLE

GATHERING PATH 47


The project is located in a higher point in accordance to the Lavapies square with a sloped street that ends in the Lavapies plaza below, acting as a viewpoint because of its height, it creates a strong visual connection between this two spots, generating the flow from one point into the other, making this a stronger commercial path and propelling the commerce, flow and activities developed in this underrated street in the city, making an important impact in the community development.

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SECTION SEQUENCE


SECTION DETAIL

The project barely touches ground in that way is not a total new constructed intervention but it provides more than 180 ml of unfolded tree house, since the system is modular it is easy to do it, even to adapt it to make it a larger or smaller space. It stands away from the trees to avoid damaging them, in that way the project can be assembly and disassembly anywhere where the trees allow it.

118 Meters of path 2 Days of assembly 43 Triangular pieces 34 Joints

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$ 700.00 aprox. 3

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11 pieces 11 pieces 11 pieces 14 pieces 14 pieces 14 pieces

18 pieces 18 pieces 18 pieces

49 meters of path of path 118 118meters of path 118 2meters of assembly of assembly 2daysdays


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FINAL MODEL

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LIVE WITH/LIKE ANIMALS 52


To accomplish this experiment, students have to choose an animal, find out their main features, life cycle, way of living and, as an architectural response, propose the suitable structure, installation, element, construction... in order to fulfill the animal’s needs. Once every proposal is exposed, the animal which presents interesting possibilities will be chosen to be developed in deep their future dwellings by the students. The next step is to make these projects appropriate to humans and let this cohabitation human-animal can takes place.

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The aim of this workshop is to design a dwelling considering the client as the most important piece of all. To be aware about this concept, our client is special, out of the ordinary, an animal.

LIVE WITH/LIKE ANIMALS

workshop

04

Director_

Hrvoje Njiric

Assistant_

Jose María Sánchez García

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LIFE CYCLE LIVING

The project deals with the design of a house to the Quetzal, the Guatemala’s National Bird. Quetzal’s Life cycle -planning bird -lives up to 20 years -Mating starts at 3 years old -Takes place once a year -Each year they make a new nest -Monogamous specie -Kids stay close to their parents.

MIST PRODUCERS

WRAPPING

STRUCTURE

It is a bird that needs to live free because it is easily stressed. Due to its special, and delicate live style it requires special features to live in.

GROUND

22.50 M

UP TO 8 UNITS CAN SHARE THE COLLECTIVE SPACE

THE UNIT IS DEPENDANT OF THE COLLECTIVE SPACE

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02

Request -Cloud forest environment -High level of humidity partially rot wood rooms -100% privacy -Family of 6 to 8 -Interior garden -Not less than 2.000 sqm -Height of the dwelling minimum 8 meters

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MR Q. CONCEPT The target of the project is to provide a suitable ecosystem to our client, the Quetzal, Mr. Q. Having a review over to its fundamental requirements, we can find: -Humidity to germinate mosses and epiphytes in the trunk of trees to feed themselves. -Tall, Slender trunks with openings to settle their nests -A clear area inside the forest. To achieve this condition of clearness, density is needed. Taking into account all the requirements we can deduce that all the Quetzal’s life revolve around a trunk of a tree. Therefore, the project is based on an element that simulates a trunk and it will reproduce the Quetzal’s ecosystem.

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TREE/ STRUCTURE

AS AN ECOSYSTEM


STRATEGY

32 M

24 M

16 M

32 M

32 M

8 M

CEDRO ROJO

32 M

HELECHO ARBORESCENTE

1.50

1.10

AGUACATILLO

ENCINA MEXICANA AZUL

1.00

0.66

24 M

24 M

EAT EAT

Starting from the real trees where the Quetzal lives, and analyzing their height and diameter, we design concrete cylinders keeping the measures and proportions of the different trees. After a detailed research, we find out the diverse heights where several activities take place.

POSE POSE -From 8m to 32m Mr. Q flies NEST NEST

and poses. -From 16m to 24m Mr. Q settles its nest -From 24m to 32m the Quetzal’s food germinates.

METERS

Finally we will have

24 M

16 M

16 M

16 M

8 M

4 M 2 M

8M METERS

1.60

1.30

0.90

0.60

0.45

8M

NEST NEST ensemble of cylinders

working as a forest, with opening along its height and steal ring each 8 meters to provide them a kind of branch to pose. To reproduce the humidity required a pipe goes up inside the cylinder POSE POSE and some of the mentioned rings works as sprinkles.

0.30

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STRATEGY SPRINKLER

POSE

TREE ABSTRACTION

NEST AND FOOD

POSE

MOIST PRODUCER

LIGHT

PERISCOPE

32 M

24 M 16 M 8 M

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MS

PROPOSAL ECOSYSTEMS

NEST

TRUCTURE

HOUSING + INFRASTRUCTURE

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STRUCTURE

PACE ROGRAM

PUBLIC SPACE + OPEN PROGRAM

FOOD

ISOMETRIC PROJECTION

POSE

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FLOOR PLAN

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The ground floor is a public space where only the cylinders which work as structures reach the floor. Other cylinders perform as periscopes to let the pedestrian contemplate and enjoy the Quetzal’s habitat. The footprint is established according to the flying diameter that the Quetzal makes. The cylinders are distributed in such a way that give the shape of a forest, sometimes cylinders concentrated and sometimes spreaded to provide clear areas to the Quetzal. To reach the first floor, the access to the building is done by spiral stairs inside other cylinders and lifts located inside the same element.

GROUND FLOOR

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Dwellings and a Quetzal observatory are located on the first floor. Dwellings are represented by the hatch of blue spots. There are 8 units from 50 sqm to 100 sqm. All of them have natural ventilation and three of them views to the inner Quetzal’s environment.

FLOOR PLAN

The observatory is represented by the hatch of grey spots, in contact with the three patios, studying and discovering new data about Quetzal’s life. One room related with the observatory but destined to store laboratory material is located in the other side of the floor. Dwellings, observatory and patios are related between them through communal space where the staircases are placed and we can use a meeting point where users can glaze at the Quetzal.

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FIRST FLOOR

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FLOOR PLAN

In the third floor the cylinders are inside the Quetzal’s atmosphere and only elements in contact with the human that can reaches this floor are the staircases, but only open to the professional of the observatory. The smallest cylinders can work as lamps to allow the workers the optimal conditions to carry out their tasks. The rest of cylinders are exclusively focused on the Quetzal’s necessities. Therefore it must be a quiet, intimate area and, in order to achieve this feature, the entrance of humans is not allowed.

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SECOND FLOOR

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FINAL MODEL

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05

INHABITED SCREENS

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Sometimes dwellings are planned mainly through floorplan, sometimes through section but generally the façade appears as a final result of the first two, remaining forgotten. Students will deal with issues as how a housing complex touches the ground and generates a transition with the street, how it reaches the sky, how it borders the space of the city, how it creates in-between spaces hosting private outdoor life. We will try to design a dwelling in the space between the street and the house. The workshop alternates collective moments and individual ones, short lectures, discussions and work at the table.

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The workshop explores a specific problem of housing design: the one of the “interface“ or “buffer“ between the private realm and the collective one. An architectural device enquiring on the exterior, between a housing unit and its urban environment.

INHABITED SCREENS

workshop

05

Director_

Cino Zucchi

Assistant_

Belen Hermida

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ARCHITECTURE IN-BETWEEN CONCEPT

AN IN-BETWEEN CUBICLE In this project the façade’s target goes beyond being a simply envelope. Nowadays façades are considered changeable elements according to the exterior events. They give solution to different hours during the day with shades, curtains... In our case we prefer to conceive a static façade that changes according to the external events without changing in itself. That is possible controlling the entrance of the light inside our dwelling like splayed windows do, having different atmospheres inside the dwelling during the day through static elements.

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SCREEN INTERPRETATION

Our main reference is the Ronchamp chapel by Le Corbusier. We do a reinterpretation of its faรงade by splayed windows making these openings livable. We can generate a play of light and shadow through this in-between space.

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FLOOR PLAN

The project consists in create a housing building organized and managed by the position of cubicles. Depending on this location, inside the dwelling, we obtain different rooms, in the space that surrounds that cubicle. Specific activities take place inside it. To have this logic we deal with the faรงade using the same strategy, placing cubicles attached to the floor in order to carry out particular activities making, precisely to the last cubicles, the most special ones due to the condition that they have being in this in-between space. Therefore a place to read, take a shower, contemplate views are even more special in this spaces.

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STRATEGY The floor plan is composed by 6 dwellings. Some of them are developed in the same level and others in height. Each of them has these cubicles, the principal elements of the project, that manage the interior distribution, entrances of light, contains facilities, structure and staircases...

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TYPICAL FLOOR

We can see in this floor plan how the dwellings can be organized. Thanks to these cubicles inside the dwellings there is no walls, doors, just furniture and with mobile partitions.

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DWELLING TYPOLOGY

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DWELLING TYPOLOGY

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In terms of construction the cubicles are made by reinforced concrete, and in terms of structure, they are considered and calculated as cantilevers. They can work like an extension of an existing room, like an extra-space, like an independent room, a balcony, a loggia...many possibilities can take place. Depending on their use the dimensions of the cubicle change and also their finishing elements, we can find a glass sheet as a handrail or an aluminum frame with glass sheet to isolate from the exterior.

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SECTION DETAIL


MAIN FAÇADE

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FINAL MODEL

78


MODEL OF CONTEXT

We have to take into account the position of our building in the context given. The facade and its elements are designed according to orientation issues, neighbors, views, access...

79


06

HOUSING: A METHOD

80


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Exchange between projects give the chance of taking different decision about aspect that have not been worked before. During this workshop, students would take a land of three given before by professors as beggining of the tour they will work on along the laboratory week; each day, proposals would be showed in public to get a positive critique which helps for the next team, that has to work on it, and then during the next days, on the rest of lands. Last day, after were working on aspects as configuration, concept, façade and construction, each student may choose one proposal done before in order to improve and show a final solution. The project that is going to be shown is a result of the intervention in one plot, in Santa Ana. The conext is the most important part in this workshop, taking into account the building height, proportion of the openings in the façade, kinds of pavement, greenery, dimension of public space, squares, width of the streets...

HOUSING: A METHOD

workshop

06

Director_

Dietmar Eberle

Assistant_

Víctor Olmos

81


82


CONTEXT

The plot is very attractive and it offers challenging solutions due to its features. It is a strategic point where 5 streets converge, some of the party walls are blank faรงades and one of them has openings. From our plot we can have interesting perspectives are reached. Our task is to propose an intelligent solution taking into account the contiguous buildings.

83


This time we design the project from the outside, from the city. Analyzing external elements we can deduce the story of the building, its style, its age, number of rooms, program, kind of dwellers... Our proposal will be part of the city, so we must respect these features from the existing context and give a response in relation with the buildings close to it. We will try to keep a re-gular facade in terms of openings, similar height to the adjacent volumes, materiality and appearance according to the existing ones. Also we need to consider the final footprint and the position of it in the urban context taking care about the relation with the ground floor.

84

FROM CITY TO HOUSE

CONCEPT

FROM CITY TO HOUSE


A’ B’

A

FAÇADE ANALYSIS

B

SECTION A-A’

SECTION B-B’

? ? 85


We can notice the multiple solutions to the same plot and how depending on the person the model evolves.

86


INTEGRATION PROPOSAL

The volume proposed is based on existing references in the neighborhood. In order to have a high integration the height given to the project is the same to the surrounded ones. When a corner is facing five different streets and each one with its angles and inclinations the best solution to resolve this metting point is a curve, this way it won’t have competivity among them. The plot where our Project is located has a long façade in one of its sides, therefore our volume will have a longer facade comparing with the contiguous ones. This way we will make difficult the integration of it in the ensemble because our proposal will have a heavy appearance. In order to solve this problem we have found out that cutting the facades into strips, we can give to the building a vertical feeling having as a result a new façade with the same language of the existing ones.

87


After studying in deep the current Spanish dwellings we can deduce that nowadays, it is very common to find in the historic city, units which go from 45-50 sqm up to 80-100 sqm. Thus, our proposal is made up by two bigger units in the ground floor adapted to the conditions of disabled people and the rest of the floors, from the first one to the upper one are made up 4 dwellings. Three of them have the same dimensions but the unit which features the best position, it has also the highest dimension.

88

UNIT TYPES


FLOOR PLAN

The access to the building is made by an entrance hall and receives light coming in from a patio. This element is moved to one of the extreme by two reasons: -It is isolated from the activity in the square. -We can focus our eyes in the patio; give importance to the vegetation within it, letting in a second plane the staircase, hidden around the corner. In the same point where the main door, above it, a vertical strip made by glass raises the faรงade until the upper level in order to give to the residents of the upper floors, interrupted views of the city. The buildings change its shape when it reaches the ground. In that case, we set it back in order to generate a square due to the lack of public space in this confluence point among several streets.

89


90

E: 1/150


FINAL MODEL

91


07

QUALITY ON A STORYBOARD

92


The quality of the housing must be based on the idea of the well-being (pleasure), the variety of spaces and atmospheres, a conception of the comfort other than that normalized by standards, calculations, models. Dwellings produced today are neither generous, nor spacious and are no longer adapted to the evolution and to the need or the wishes of the contemporary families. Standards mostly lead to build dwellings giving the minimal surfaces and standardize housing, spaces, plans, and even comfort. The comfort normative is now much more often determined by rules and calculations, by the performance of technology, estimated through a grid of criteria, while it should be first of all a question for the sensations and quality of life. We will design a housing project by fragments, from images and situations. Images have always to be close, as if they were made from the inside, being within a situation, a space, an atmosphere, and showing how it is used, and always close to the subject, from the smallest to the largest. They will speak about individual space, about program, about life, about movement, about the city... Students will always present their work in a SPACEBOARD (alike a storyboard in film making) and for it, we will always use the following tools, words, photos, collages, photomontages, assemblages, sketches, drawings.

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The workshop topic will emphasize on the optimal conditions to live in the city, in a public space, in the neighbourhood, in collective space, with the close community , in the individual space. The city should provide exceptional quality of life by offering a large range of facilities, proximities, and pleasures.

QUALITY IN STORYBOARD

workshop

07

Director_

Anne Lacaton

Assistant_

Diego GarcĂ­a-SetiĂŠn

93


STATEMENT

QUALITY FOR HOUSING Greenery/ Buildings integration Penetration of greenery in the built environment and vise versa not only as a spacious concepts but also as a tool to strengthen communal connectivity Buffer zones Used for nothing but providing air spaces.The users have the oppotunity to use them as desired. Variety of spaces The transition spaces are varied by height and depth in order to create a gradient passingbetween all scales- from the hall with a double height and the rooms with a lower height to the patios with the sky as the limit

ARCHITECTURE IN CONCEPT

NATURE

IN

The space is read by the sensations it produces and the memory it generates. Nature must therefore penetrate the cities, and cities penetrate nature.

94


95


01 A public space can be a temporal or a permanent space, can be a transition route or a staying spot in the city, but whatever it is,it creates an atmosphere which produces a memory that generates a bond with the user who can experiments activities in it. The city is a result of this blurred combination of atmospheres, where space chances of scale, width and shape but keeps the fluidity of sensations.

02

04

07

05

08

06

09

Public spaces are created not only by this variety of atmospheres but also by a the different situations in which the green penetrates the built environment and vise versa.

96

03


The communal garden in the city confirm the idea of the precense of nature in all scale of space. Nature and light pure into the building through the buffer and experimental spaces.

10

13

16

11

14

17

12

15

18

97


The

98

entrance is a narrow space that opens to the interior and provides a transition membrane of protection, which once its trespassed, its reached the distributor that takes you to every space in the house.It must be spacious and lit enough to avoid the sense of being trapped. As going up the house the private and tranquility areas appear, with skylights to give indirect entrances of light.

19

22

25

20

23

26

21

24

27


28

31

29

32

30

33

The buffer zones are used for nothing but providing air spaces. The users have the opportunity to use them as desired. The height of the transition spaces varies from the hall with a double height to the rooms with a lower height and up to the patios with the sky as the limit. These spaces which are considered to be the most private ones are connected with the other areas throughout buffer zone.

34

35

99

36


08

CONSTRUCTION & TECHNOLOGY

100


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This seminar tries to study the concept of different well-known projects, which were built, setting into a new point of view across construction aspects, giving to each proposal new skills in fields like structure and building. By the way, students have to select a housing project, whose information and plans, can give the chance of working on it to improve the last aspects in plan, section, front and construction, bringing up a budget which shows changes students had taken and could be compare with the additional solutions that architect chose at the beginning. During this workshop, some guest were giving some speeches and lectures about different concepts and housing models which could be used by students to generate new ideas to come up with new constructive proposals.

CONSTRUCTION & TECHNOLOGY

specialty

08

Director_

Ram贸n Araujo

101


102


ORIGINAL PROJECT

The project was based on a generating system of traces. The order began with red lines, continues with the structural axes in black, and ends with the volumetric perimeter in blue. Throughout decades, Salmona has had a constant fascination with the vertical accents in city structures. Frist sketch: MeknĂŠs (Morocco) Second sketch: Cartagena (Colombia) Third sketch: Barcelona (Spain)

103


Las Torres del Parque are a set of residential buildings built by Rogelio Salmona between 1965 and 1970, adjacent to the plaza de toros de Santamaria and the independence Park, in the District of Santa Fe in Bogotá, Colombia. It is about three towers that surround the existing plaza de toros, and whose plants organized the dwellings in ascending curves, echoing the curved shape of the plaza de toros. Most notable of all is the public space that was generated at ground level; 3/4 of the available land went to exterior spaces and Salmona decided that the best choice would be an open space, “create the building through open space, as a generator of the covered space”. This open space builds the level difference between the streets surrounding the grounds, ordering it through stairs that turn frame vegetation, in continuity with the neighboring Park.

104

SALMONA

CONCEPT

LAS

TORRES DEL PARQUE

Rethink projects for the XXI century.


ORIGINAL FLOOR PLAN N

Typology 3 Typology 1 Typology 2

Orientation _South Sun goes through all the dwellings _By been duplex both the living and the private spaces have natural light _The gallery stays at north faรงade

N

The highest Tower reaches 30 floors, and in total has 300 apartments with different dimensions.

105


ORIGINAL FLOOR PLAN

106


ORIGINAL CLADDING

The project is structed in three semicircular towers, which are based on helical structural axes. As a result, the building provides a stepped facade, where brick cloths are articulated together with a subtle gear in the meeting of one cloth with another, even though it is facing the front of the flown slab where supports the brick. • Its colour is variable according to the light and creates flashes of light and interesting shadows. • Brick architecture is related to the Bogota vegetation. • Tradition of the city

107


The initial structure was carried out with bearing walls which started from the foundations up to the upper floor of the last apartments. Those walls were designed on two of the four sides of the dwelling, the boundary ones, facing one to the other. In order to have an excellent result in terms of seismolgy, the structural axes rotate in itself giving a spiral shape to the building and finally ensuring the stability of the project.

Our proposal is based on a structure made up steel chanes, for beams and pillars and unidirectional slabs. The joints will be made by a weld bead and we treat to give independency to each dwelling working each one as a structural unit

108

NEW STRUCTURE


SECTION DETAIL

We propose a new unidirectional lighter slab formed by Steel beams, a steel decking plate with reinforcement, a steel mesh and everything covered by a concrete layer. To finalize we put on top of the structure an insulation layer and another one of concrete to level the floor.

109


PROPOSAL

110


ENERGY

01

By pulling back the window in the rooms the summer sun is not allowed inside the dwelling but the light still goes inside. If windows are open it is allowed the crossed ventilation in the second floor.

02

By pulling back the terrace the summer sun is not allowed inside the dwelling but the light still goes inside. The foldable windows allow the entrance of air.

03

01

02

03

The double glazing allows the green house effect in the terrace, keeping the heat during the day and releasing it at night. The light and heat entrance is bigger during winter because of the angle of the winter sun.

111


Every dwelling has natural ventilation through air ducts in all bathrooms. In summer time the apartments enjoy a fresh atmosphere by cross ventilation. We provide comfort to the users in winter time through under floor heating system.

112

FACILITIES


CLADDING MODIFICATIONS We re arrange the cladding thinking in new materials and new systems according with the last times like ultra light concrete panel with a translucent appearance. These panels are attached to a substructure made up aluminum frames. The position and dimensions of them change depending on the orientation of the façade. NORTH FAÇADE

SOUTH FAÇADE

Concrete Panel 8 cm

Aluminum frame 8 cm with plates

Small cladding voids to allow entrance of light and wind

Vertical

aluminum frames

113


CLADDING NORTH FAÇADE

114


CLADDING SOUTH FAÇADE

115


TECHNICAL SECTION

116


TECHNICAL SECTION

117


KIND OF WALLS a

a b

c b d c

118

d


KIND OF WALLS f e f

g

e

g

119


FAÇADES

120


SECTION DETAIL

121


09

THE URBAN RESIDENTIAL PROJECT 122


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Residential urban design seminar starts from the concept of developed city which were built on an intersticial space in a metropolotan exist land. With that starting point, try to study an organizative proposal for a metropolitan project which links neccessities asked by environment. Sited on Delicias neighborhood (Madrid) and near of Parque Tierno Galvรกn, neccessity to unify both sides, nowadays divided by south train lines and territory topography, it would be taken as the starting point for each team which may develop along the workshop, combining lectures and conferences to give useful techniques and samples for students.

THE URBAN RESIDENTIAL PROJECT

specialty

09

Director_

Bernardo Ynzenga

123


The intervention space is located in the South of Madrid, between Atocha Central in the north, the M30 in the South, Delicias in the West and on East delimited by the railways. Making the selected plots current islands in the middle of the city, the main purpose of the Project was try to reconnect the area to the city and give it an own character, the one that because of the positioning of main transportation nearby could take advantage of, this was being the entrance gate to the new Madrid into a new pole of economic activity.

124

CONTEXT


INTERVENTION A

A B B

125


The first approach to reconnect is establish by extending the cultural axis that already exist in the city, that is parallel to a green way that also contains the Retiro Park. Paseo del Prado is an avenue that through its way are located the principal cultural centers of Madrid, Museum Reina SofĂ­a, Prado Museum, to name the principal ones, that leads into the area of work of the project, as it stops there it is purposed a plan to reconnect it, by enhancing the entrance in the northern part with a plaza created extending the blocks of the Public Library and the Railway Museum, in that way the project reconnects this existing axis and extends it through out it until the M30. In the same way the Green axis of the city integrates the park Tierno GalvĂĄn with El Retiro Park through the project by giving a pubic space line and continuity to this line.

126

DWELLING & CITIES

CONCEPT


PROJECT SKETCH

An additional axis is deployed from the Public Library street into the industrial traces in the plot near Atocha, giving a visual and cultural connection between the two areas. The difference of height between the plots makes possible to play with this condition and establish a system of ramps that go inside the project near the Railway Museum connecting the upper area near Atocha Central and Mendez Ă lvaro and Paseo de las Delicias, connecting, by a pedestrian way, two areas that were detached before.

127


MASTER PLAN

The project takes into consideration the density of the existing surrounding neighborhoods the project gives in each of the areas the density that relates to the zone in which they are located and the program determined.

128


URBAN ANALYSIS

The project also has the condition of provide a new economic pole to the city since it is located in a zone with high connectivity with the main transportation services (metro, bus station and train)in this way it been provided a cultural and economic program that renovates the old traces of industry in the area and transform them in conventions centers, ateliers, exposition galleries, etc.

129


FINAL MODEL

B’ B

A

130

A’


Section A-A’

Section A-A’

Section B-B’ E: 1/2000

131


FLOOR PLAN A

E: 1/2000

132


FLOOR PLAN B

E: 1/2000 Architectonically the project imitates the railways and repeats the condition of a trespassing barrier next to them as a container of the space inside, which as a contraposition if free, permeable and fragmented in the lower levels to let the public space being regenerated and appropriated by the citizens through the years.

133


10

HOUSING PROJECTS

134


Each student will analyse one of the listed projects, in a fixed format. in this way all analytical studies can be easily compared. Students can add a project of their own choice that addresses related issues. They will also collect documentation and analyse a project or typology (the standard) that can be considered as an inspiration for the project that is being analysed(the ideal) The analytical research will focus on three aspects_ -How does the project define urban space (block from and context) -How is the access system and collective space of the building organised, and how does this define the relation between the exterior and inteior. -How is the dwelling itself organised, spatially and functionally_ All three aspects will be represented in diagrams and three dimensional drawing.

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This Specialty pretends to show us the most representative Collective Housing in the last century. An analysis of how architects tried to transplant ideas, and invent new typologies can be the start to address the challenges of contemporary housing design. The enormous array of ideas and ideals for housing, accumulated in the last 100 years, for different spatial arrangements of the dwelling itself and of the access system and collective spaces, could become the catalyst to invent ways to bring diversity and adaptability into housing design that fits our contemporary society.

HOUSING PROJECTS

specialty

10

Director_

Dick Van Gameren

135


136


CONTEXT

Located in the Rotterdam’s western periphery, the Spangen Quarters housing block was designed by Architect Michiel Brinkman in 1918 under the commission of the Rotterdam City Housing Services, as middle class social housing for civil servants and factory workers. The project is based in a closed block composed by perimetral buildings with four floors height and enclosed in its three sides by traffic streets and the last one, with a modification in its direction, by the river. This deviation is due to the river’s course.

Spangen footprint

137


Project: Justus Van Effen Block

SPANGEN

CONCEPT

Location: Spangen, Rotterdam Architect: Michiel Brinkman, Rotterdam Year: 1919 Completion: 1921 Typology: Collective Housing Program: Housing and comerce Block: 88 x 147 sqm Density: 156 dwellings/ hectare Units: 267 Area: 57 sqm/ unit Unit Height: 4,2 m- 8,4 m Unit Depth: 7 m Unit Floors: 4

138

JUSTUS VAN EFFEN BLOCK


GROUND FLOOR

FLOOR PLAN

0 1

5

10

20

GALLERY FLOOR

0 1

5

10

20

0 1

5

10

20

0 1

5

10

20

GROUND FLOOR

GALLERY FLOOR

139


STAIRCASE

LIFT

CIRCULATIONS

ELEVATED STREET

The first modern example of a multilevel block that has gallery access to the upper level.The units themselves face inwards: access to the units is from the semi-public courtyards. The first level unit is accessible directly; a flight of stairs leads to the second story apartments. Above, a gallery walkway, over a km long and varying from 2.3 to 3.3 m wide, allows residents reach to the third storey apartments. 10 pedestrian stairs and 2 freight elevators connect the walkway with the ground.

140

The cobbled interior streets are mostly designed for foot traffic. Two of the entrances, however, permit residents’ cars to enter the city block.

MAIN STREET SECONDARY STREET


PUBLIC/PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL GARDENS VEHICULAR ACCES

The block consists of both perimeter and central units that form two interior courtyards – one in the shape of an ‘E’, and the other, an ‘H’. These vegetated courtyards help absorb the great amount of precipitation in Rotterdam (710mm to 830mm yearly). The cobbled paths are also permeable to rainwater.

SPACES

ELEVATED BLOCK

141


UNITS

02

00

01

03

01 00

02 01 00

142

50 sqm

60 sqm

·3 ·1 ·1 ·1

· · · · ·

Rooms Toilet Kitchen Livingroom

3 1 1 1 1

Rooms Toilet Kitchen Livingroom Terrace


02

02

UNITS

02

03

01 00

03 GALLERY

03

25 sqm/half maisonette

25 sqm/half maisonette

02

·1 Toilet ·1 Kitchen ·1 Livingroom

·3 Rooms ·1 Terrace

01 00

GALLERY

143


144


MATERIALS

OTHER INFORMATION

The Spangen Quarters are made of concrete and locally-made brick. Details such as the composition of the windows and the built-in flower boxes of the gallery give the project a dynamic and energetic ambience: superfluous ornamentation or materialistic expression is unnecessary. CORRIDOR SYSTEM

COMPARISON WITH HOUSING UNITS Single-Loaded Corridor Systems A corridor-every-floor system usually results in a building made up of singles-orientation units; an alternating corridor system often results in two -level or maisonette unit types, with both single and double orientation. Where the climate permits, the corridor can remain open (gallery access) and becomes a kind of street in the air, a concept evolved in the Spangen Quarter in Rotterdam.

The Narkomfin collective housing project in Moscow by Ginzburg of 1928 is an enclosed version of an alternative-level gallery -access system. SPANGEN

NARKOMFIN

145


11

LOW-COST HOUSING

146


The principal aim is to rescue the slums which present the worst conditions to survive, studying different factors, and giving the right response in a very short time. The procedure to follow will be first of all select the slums with the most precarious situations, structures collapsed, bad foundations, unhealthy atmospheres, flood risk... Redesign in the most efficient way new infrastructure and provide the residents with water supply, a proper sewage and a drainage system. Once the situation is established, students will have to think in rehouse these people in new buildings, providing them a dwelling with high quality.

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In this specialty, we will study the basic principles for basic living and emergency situations in architecture. The list of considerations is very extense, thus we will focus in aspects such as community involvement, local materials, and technological capabilities and techniques.

LOW-COST HOUSING

specialty

11

Director_

MarĂ­a Teresa Diniz

Assistant_ BelĂŠn Gesto

147


148


CONTEXT

DESCRIPTION OF THE INTEGRATED SCOPE OF ACTION MENINOS 1 The integrated scope of action Meninos 1 is located in the Sub-basin of the Meninos’s Riverbank, in Ipiranga, the Southeast region under developed of São Paulo city. This area is made up two important zones, Villa Cristina and Jardim Celeste. Its occupation by irregular settlements began around the early 1970, from the first occupations that formed the slums Liviero and São Pedro. Currently this perimeter is composed of 7: 5 slums slums with a total of 1,727 households; 1 blending with 147 households; 1 housing venture with 107 households. Due to a fast growing all these irregular settlements are put at risk all the people who have been moved to that place living in precarious conditions.

149


Analyzing the current situations of these settlements, we can notice the main factors that affect aggressively to these slums. These Factors are:

EXISTING CONDITIONS

- Natural conditions, like the river slope, and the strong relief of the topography. -Construction material. The slums are made of wood and brick without any technique and they present a huge danger of collapse.

Wood slums Wood slums Brick slums Brick slums

-Residual spaces. Due to an awful organization of the slums, the area have lots of residual spaces worthless, useless where wastes are accumulated, there is no ventilation, light... -Number of floors. Besides the instability that they have because of the reasons described below the slum are stacked up to three floors.

150

1 level slums

Residual spaces

2 levels slums

Existing blocks

3 levels slums


GENERAL SECTION A C’

SECTION C-C’

C SECTION D-D’ D B B’ D’

A’

We can have a look over the conditions and dimensions of each slum and notice the strong presence of the topography. Due to the proximity to the river, we have to take into account its containment, and all the risks that it can come up. All the slums close to the river and built in a very steep topography are in an immediate danger of collapse. This situation happens many times due to the unstable soil and the dreadful foundations.

SECTION B-B’

SECTION A-A’

151


750

272 272

544

94 94 94

Dwelling/ Favela

Dwellings

603

Total Favelas

Total Families

Housing m²

603

129 13 13

26

142

155

192 85 85

282

170

94 94

1116

1576

5516

Favelas Removable Existing +

152

750

Favelas Favelas Wood Brick

All the families affected must be rehoused in new constructions, in dwellings with high quality and with generous dimentions. The projects to be developed must consider the proposals contained in the Strategic Regional Plan for under developed communities in Ipiranga and sanitation proposals contained in the Municipal sewerage plan, especially regarding to the implementation of trunk collector for collection and disposal of sewage treatment stations.

URBAN INTERVENTION Fa v e l a s Re m o v a b l e No n

The main challenges for the integrated urbanization of this area are: a. eliminate the risk areas b. Deploy public spaces that encourage the creation of new centralities urban areas on the site; c. Connect the communities of settlements to the immediate surroundings and the urban fabric.

94

282

371

644

513 45,9% 1116

799

x 50 m² 39 950 m²

Topography River drenage Risk Urban intervention River restrictions

Removable slums Remain slums


INFRASTRUCTURE The intentions of the project are: -Relocate high-risk slums -Reintegration of the river to the city through a linear park -Integration of slums structure to the urban context. -Provide of infrastructure to slums condition -Provide of free spaces to high density slums structure

Existing water pipes New primary water net

Existing Sewage New Sewages

New Secondary water net

New Trunks

New internal system Existing system

153


154


NEW INTERVENTION 5,26

5,1

2,9

South faรงade

South faรงade 5,26

6,35 0

1

2

3

4

5

5,1

2,9

-1

-1

0

1

2

3

4

5

155


12

ENERGY & SUSTAINABILITY

156


Students will start working a 50m x 50m x 50m abstract housing block (around 200 dwellings + other uses). The first task will be to locate this abstract housing block to local climatic contingences through concrete design stratefies. The housing block will change along the workshop, introducing formal and material adaptations to climate conditions. The validity of these transformations will be later checked with energy modeling software. The project will be develop in New York (mild winter and hot-humid summer). Housing block 50 x 50 x 50m, which makes a 50 x 50 sqm 15 storey housing block, around 200-100 sqm houses and other uses to form a mix-use building.

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This module considers the discussion on thermodynamics and sustainability as an opportunity for architecture and urbanism to rethink its traditional apparatus: structure (spatial structure and built systems), performance (climate and use through time) and its connections and exchanges with the environment.

ENERGY & SUSTAINABILITY

specialty

12

Director_

Javier García-Germán

Assistant_

Alia García-Germán

157


Comfort hours take place during the months from July to September (21°24°) and in the wes façade of the building we can find the hours with no comfort due to overheating (>24°) From December to May we have above all under comfort hours (<24°). We need to use solar protection to reduce the excessive solar radiation and avoid western exposition in summer. We increase solar incidence areas in façade and we give a semi compact shape to our building in order to save energy in winter. A south-east component becomes evident in winds during the warmer months while a northwest component is characteristic of the colder one-half of the year. The wind, from northwest should be locked in winter to prevent penetration into the living spaces but at the same time, in summer the wind which comes from South-east, should be admitted and used to improve the comfort Indoors.

158

CLIMATE_NEW YORK


POSITION, EXTERNAL SHAPE AND ORIENTATION

CUBE MODELING STEP 01 Start with a 50x50x50 smq volume. STEP 02 Change the proportion into the most appropriate one.

01

STEP 03-04 Raise the volume to extreme in order to protect itself from the wind and receive more solar radiation.

02

03

04

STEP 06 Turn the volume to the optimum orientation.

05

06

07

08

STEP 05 Subdivide the volume in many slabs in order to obtain better ventilation and give a communal base to them containing producers.

STEP 07 Give compactness to the building to keep the solar gain in winter time. STEP 08 Extrude only the western faรงades to provoke shadows due to the cantilevers.

159


SOLAR RADIATION WINTER 9.00 NOON

16.00

SPRING 9.00 NOON

16.00

9.00

NOON

16.00

SUMMER 9.00 NOON

16.00

9.00

NOON

16.00

FALL 9.00

16.00

9.00

NOON

16.00

NOON

9.00

NOON

16.00

A study about solar radiation has been made from the analysis of the sun path and a Shade range from 9.00 to 17.30 calculated each 30 min.

160


BUILDING TYPOLOGY

SPORTIUM OFFICE CIRCULATION DWELLING RESTAURANT+CAFE SHOPPING

PRODUCERS

Circulation, made up starcases and galleries.

ABSORBERS

Dwellings are located in the three main slabs to receive the maximum amount of solar gain in winter and good ventilation in summer. They absorb heat from the producers situated underneath and above them and they are protected from the western solar radiation in summer and from the wind coming from the north-west in winter by two offices towers. Solar protection is made by metallic blinds, cantilevers, and recessed faรงade due to the terraces.

161


THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEMS GALLERIES

SOLAR RADIATION +GAIN

PRODUCERS

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY SYSTEM

The trombe wall is located in spaces where the activity realized produces energy, like offices with computer rooms. In winter time the trombe wall catchs solar radiation, stores it and later liberates heat to the dwellings. To access into the dwellings we has designed a gallery system. In winter they will be closed to keep the heat inside the building and in summer they are open to promote cross ventilation inside the units.

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THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEMS CROSS VENTILATION

VENTILATION

ABSORBERS

Inside the unit and according to the season the dweller can control the space and give to it a different character depending on their intentions. In winter time they can use that exterior space as a greenhouse, collect solar radiation during the day and take the heat at night. In summer time the residents can open the external doors and use that extra space as an extension of the dwelling, terraces... Dwellings and offices both have cross-ventilation. However the shopping Centre renews the air through convection patios.

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In terms of materials, we use concrete, with high thermal inertia, in the structure and in the sides of the buildings which must be protected. We use glass, with a low thermal inertia, in the south faรงade in order to collect the most amount of solar radiation as possible.

MATERIALS

UNIT TYPE

The Unit type proposed is based on a central free space to make easy cross ventilation in summer or concentrate all the activities in the middle of the dwelling to generate heat in winter. In both sides we provide enclosed spaces to use them as storage or to create an intimate atmosphere.

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DWELLING TYPOLOGY

Shopping

Cafe+Restaurant

GF-1F

2F-5F

Dwelling Office

Dwelling

Daytime Winter

Process Winter

Night time Winter

6F-11F

Office

Dwelling

12F-19F

Office

Sportium

20F-21F

Roof garden Office

Daytime Summer

Process Summer

Night time Summer

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MCH2013

LUCÍA DE MOLINA BENAVIDES


Portfolio MCH 2013 Lucía De Molina Benavides