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Launch Party Catch the flicks from our launch party. See who was in the house. Smoking Words Get the latest on books that enhance the MMJ lifestyle. Cannabis Cooking Red Velvet cake made with marijuana butter. Good stuff. Gil Scott-Heron Saying good-bye to a legend. Barely Legal Join Jim on his journey to find the best dispensaries. KEEPING It Real Get good love advice from Chuanda. Green Relief A patient explains how MMJ replaced addictive pain killers and changed his life. Weed Warrior NJWeedman embarks on a crusade to take MMJ legalization to the highest courts and win. Freedom Fighter Meet Attorney David Welch, a lawyer dedicated to protecting your MMJ rights. Hear how he is fighting city hall. One Step Back Marijuana loses the battle to be reclassified. Perfect Union Learn why man and marijuana were joined together.
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Up In smoke Let me welcome you to the second issue of LSQ. I know a lot of you have been waiting for the follow up to our launch issue in April. Well, we took a minute to survey the land, see if the people were really feeling us and then come back with an all chronic no stress issue. I put this issue together under the influence of the latest DJ Quik album. I had to connect with him after his Superman Kush revelation on allhiphop.com. And of course the Book of David is a good album that I found myself connecting to as well. I can’t count how many times I played “Nobody” when I bought the CD. Yeah, I had to get the actual disc. Sounds old-school but, good music is like good smoke, you need the whole experience. You want to get the disc, read the credits, examine photos and vibe with the artists. Just like finding that perfect strain that you save for your favorite bong and would only share with your player patna (sic) or your old lady. And that’s how we want you to view LSQ. Every two months make it a date to grab the latest issue, get in a good setting, check out what’s happening in the complex world of medical marijuana and enjoy the surrounding flavor. We got you covered on good love, good food and good smoke. Just a little about me. I’m not a huge marijuana consumer, not really my choice of medicine, but I’m a fanatic for freedom. I can’t believe the persecution that MMJ users are under and the waste of resources it takes to harass them. The voters spoke to legalize MMJ and the politicians and perpetrators of the prison industrial complex are dead set on blowing the tax payers’ dollars to incarcerate users and close dispensaries. At a time when our schools are suffering and roads are going unpaved, the government has chosen to make this a priority. We need publications like LSQ to educate people so that they can protect their right to alternative medicines. So in this issue you will get some important legal information from attorney David Welch who has helped prevent the closure of numerous dispensaries by challenging the LA City Council in court. Also, we are covering the latest setback in the battle to have marijuana reclassified as a schedule 2 drug. This would have taken it off the list of drugs that includes heroine and cocaine. This reclassification would have allowed marijuana to be used in medical research without restrictions. Don’t worry; there are some benefits because now that the decision has been handed down, advocacy groups will take new steps to challenge the ruling. We will keep you posted online at www.lsqmag. com as new information surfaces. And my favorite piece is my Gil-Scott Heron tribute. Gil embodied the grander movement that the fight to legalize medical marijuana is a part of, the movement for justice. His music was a body of protest that challenged the conditions that the poor and underrepresented were subject to. I grew up in this class of people and was introduced to his music by my uncle who believed in the struggle. I find solace and hope in Gil’s music and even though he’s gone I am still inspired to push on and keep the revolution televised in our minds.
Doug Young, Eric Robinson , Marlin Moore, Jeffery Hunter and Steve Mcintosh Editor-in-chief
Eric Robinson Photography
Clientel Art Direction/Design
Firebrain Inc. Director of Sales and Marketing
Michael Greene Contributing Writers
Lawanna Hall-Conklin Bob R. Novachek Jim Riley Susan Patterson Nicholas Pell Chuanda Mason Makeda Smith Submit inquiries and editorials to:
Legal Smokers Quorum 6002 Fountain Ave. Hollywood, CA. 90028 Ph. 323-692-1006 Fax: 323-692-1009
Right on to the real - death to the fake,
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PARTY! We Put The Industry Up In Smoke By Darryl James LSQ is an advocate for medical marijuana. Snoop Dogg is an advocate for marijuanaâ€”medical or otherwise. In fact, there is perhaps no greater or more enduring icon for the smoking of marijuana than one Snoop Doggy Dogg. (continued)
On April 20th marijuana enthusiast celebrated the national smokerâ€™s holiday and LSQ took part in it by officially launching our magazine. We brought local dispensaries, blunt manufactures, models and music lovers together for an all you can smoke celebration. We delivered the weather, women and weed to our readers who are still talking about this party. Here are the flix. Enjoy and be on the look out for the next one.
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Books that may enhance your understanding of marijuana and its evolving place in medicine and modern society. By Bob R. Novachek Marijuana culture is more than rolling papers and bongs. It has grown up from the antics of Cheech and Chong. The culture has proved to have substance and is being treated with legitimacy. So it is only right that we provide our readers with literature that will help them become sophisticated connoisseurs of medical marijuana. We have compiled some books that will enhance your understanding of the strides that are being made in the medical marijuana culture.
Marijuana Medical Handbook Ed Rosenthal Quick American, 2008
Medical Use of Marijuana
Janet Elizabeth Joy National Academies Press, 1999 The medical use of marijuana is surrounded by a cloud of social, political, and religious controversy, which obscures the facts that should be considered in the debate. This book summarizes what we know about marijuana from evidence-based medicine -- the harm it may do and the relief it may bring to patients. The book helps the reader understand not only what science has to say about medical marijuana but also the logic behind the scientific conclusions. Medical Use of Marijuana addresses the science base and the therapeutic effects of marijuana use for medical conditions such as glaucoma and multiple sclerosis. It covers marijuana’s mechanism of action, acute and chronic effects on health and behavior, potential adverse effects, efficacy of different delivery systems, analysis of the data about marijuana as a gateway drug, and the prospects for developing cannabinoid drugs. The book evaluates how well marijuana meets accepted standards for medicine and considers the conclusions of other blue-ribbon panels. Full of useful facts, this volume will be important to anyone interested in informed debate about the medical use of marijuana: advocates and opponents as well as policymakers, regulators, and health care providers.
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An estimated 40 million Americans have medical symptoms that marijuana can relieve. Marijuana Medical Handbook is a one-stop resource that gives candid, objective advice on using marijuana for healing, understanding its effects on the body, safe administration, targeting illnesses, side effects, and the various delivery methods from edibles and tinctures to smokeless vaporizer pipes. The book also details supply issues, cultivation solutions (in a chapter by renowned expert Ed Rosenthal), and legal consequences. This thoroughly revised edition incorporates the most up-to-date information on the ever-changing politics of marijuana, the plant’s usage, and medical research on it.
year. And yet marijuana remains largely misunderstood by both its advocates and its detractors. Understanding Marijuana examines the biological, psychological, and societal impact of this controversial substance. What are the effects, for mind and body, of long-term use? Are smokers of marijuana more likely than non-users to abuse cocaine and heroine? What effect has the increasing potency of marijuana in recent years had on users and on use? Does our current legal policy toward marijuana make sense? Earleywine separates science from opinion to show how marijuana defies easy dichotomies. Tracing the medical and political debates surrounding marijuana in a balanced, objective fashion, this book will be the definitive primer on our most controversial and widely used illicit substance.
Marijuana and Madness
David J. Castle and Robin Murray (MD. MRCP) Cambridge University Press 2004 This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the psychiatry and neuroscience of Cannabis sativa (marijuana), with particular emphasis on psychotic disorders. It outlines the very latest developments in our understanding of the human cannabinoid system, and links this knowledge to clinical and epidemiological facts about the impact of cannabis on mental health. Clinically focused chapters review not only the direct psycho mimetic properties of cannabis, but also the impact consumption has on the courses of evolving or established mental illness such as schizophrenia. A number of controversial issues are critically explored, including whether a discrete ‘cannabis psychosis’ exists, and whether cannabis can actually cause schizophrenia. Effects of cannabis on mood, notably depression, are reviewed, as are its effects on cognition. This book will be of interest to all members of the mental health community, as well as to neuroscientists and those involved in drug and alcohol research.
Mitchell Earleywine Oxford University Press US, 2002 Marijuana is the world’s most popular illicit drug, with hundreds of millions of regular users worldwide. One in three Americans has smoked pot at least once. The Drug Enforcement Agency estimates that Americans smoke five million pounds of marijuana each
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Marijuana Red Velvet Cupcakes Lawanna Hall-Conklin
Cake: 2 cups sugar 1/2 pound (2 sticks) marijuana butter, at room temperature 2 eggs 2 tablespoons cocoa powder 2 ounces red food coloring 2 1/2 cups cake flour 1 teaspoon salt 1 cup buttermilk 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1/2 teaspoon baking soda 1 tablespoon vinegar
By Robert Warner
1 (8-ounce) package cream cheese 1 stick unsalted butter, softened 1 (1-pound) box confectionersâ€™ sugar
Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. In a mixing bowl, cream the sugar and marijuana butter together, beat until light and fluffy. Add the eggs one at a time and mix well after each addition. Sift together flour, cocoa and salt. Add flour mixture to the creamed sugar mixture alternating with buttermilk. Mix in vanilla. In a small bowl, combine baking soda and vinegar. It will fizz. Wait for fizz to calm then add to mixture. Add red food coloring. Pour batter into lined cupcake baking sheet, fill each cupcake liner about 3/4 full. Bake for 20 to 23 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. Remove from heat and cool completely before frosting.
Cream Cheese Icing:
Cream softened unsalted butter and cream cheese together. Blend confectionersâ€™ sugar to cream cheese mixture until frosting is stiff enough to form peaks. Ice your cupcakes and enjoy! This recipe will make approximately 24 cupcakes.
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There used to be an agreement between the seasons that they would all come and stay for three months. And then go where ever seasons go when they are not where we are. Lately there has been no spring, no summer and no fall. Politically, philosophically and psychologically there has only been the season of ice. It is a season of frozen dreams and frozen nightmares. Frozen ideals and frozen progress/ frozen aspirations and inspirations. They call the season winter. -Winter In America (Tour De Force Live) 2006 Last month we said farewell to the physical body of Gil-Scott Heron, a poet, author, musician, activist, philosopher and singer. A man who was multi-talented and used all that he had to awaken the conscious of the world around him. Born April 1, 1949 in Chicago, IL to Bobbie and Gil Heron, Gil spent the early part of his life with his grandmother, Lillie Scott, in Jackson, TN. It’s here that he got the first hand experience he needed to understand the pain and humiliation of segregation that caused Blacks to sing the blues. When he was 12 years old his grandmother died and he moved with his mother to New York City. New York is where he got educated about the streets and soaked up the remnants of the Harlem renaissance, submerging himself in the works of Billie Holiday, John Coltrane and Langston Hughes. He attended Langston University, where he met collaborator Brian Jackson and published his first two novels The Nigger Factory and The Vulture. In 1972 he received a Master’s degree in Creative Writing from Johns Hopkins University. “His example has been a profound inspiration to me and so many others,” says Princeton’s Cornel West, “in terms of fusing the musical with the prophetic and being willing to take a risk or pay a cost in order to lay bare some unsettling truths with such artistic sophistication.” Jaime Byng an associate of Gil says, “I still can’t think of too many performers who have the intellectual range in their songwriting that takes in satire and social commentary apart from the early Bob Dylan and maybe the young Randy Newman.” He continues, “But there’s also a great empathy there. Gil writes about the state of the world, but also about community, family, and the plight of the individual. And, he has never compromised. That’s maybe a big part of the reason why his music never really crossed over. What he was saying was too raw, too truthful.” His groundbreaking song “The Revolution Will Not Be Televised” from his debut album Small Talk at 125th and Lenox is considered the foundation for hip-hop and a spoken word masterpiece. It was a play on America’s fascination
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with TV and the commercialization of the civil rights movement. . He boldly states, “You will not have to worry about a dove in your bedroom, the tiger in your tank, the giant in your toilet bowl/ The revolution will not go better with Coke/ The revolution will not kill germs if they cause bad breath. The revolution will put you in the driver seat/ the revolution will not be televised/ It will not be a rerun/ brothers it will be live.” Ironically the song was used for a Nike commercial in 1995. Gil was also referred to as the godfather of rap. Many rappers would site him as their source of inspiration and numerous rappers sampled
his work. Gil even worked personally with the likes of Chuck D and Mos Def. But Gil never fully embraced hip-hop nor did he rebuke it. In an interview he explained his perception of rappers, “They need to study music. There’s a big difference between putting words over some music, and blending those same words into the music.” But on his final album, I’m New Here, Gil tipped his hat at hip-hop and sampled Kanye West’s “Flashing Lights” for “On Coming From A Broken Home.” From 1970 to 1982 Gil along with collaborator Brian Jackson unleashed a wave of brilliant albums that touched on all subjects effecting black and brown people. Along with “The Revolution” Gil tackled issues like spending money in space while people are starving on earth with “Whitey on the Moon.” And “H20 Blues” was a scathing piece that exposed the fall out of the
Nixon-Watergate scandal. On “B Movie” from Reflections he takes a further look into the future, because he sounds like he’s talking about America today as we deal with our addiction to Middle Eastern oil and cheap goods from China. He states “In the last 20 years America has changed from a producer to a consumer. And all consumers know that when the producer names the tune the consumer has to dance.” The song was recorded in 1980. Being a child of the inner city, he was aware of the pitfalls of drugs and alcohol and explored the topics on popular songs like “Angel Dust,” “The Bottle” and “Home Is Where The Hatred Is.” On “Home…” he touches on his battle with cocaine when he sings “A junkie walking through the twilight I’m on my way home.” And like his other visions this one became a reality. In 1982 he released Moving Target and would not record another album until Spirits in 1994. In this time he continued to tour and play intimate venues, but his main focus was his addiction to drugs. In 2001, he was sentenced to one to three years imprisonment in New York State for possession of cocaine. On July 5, 2006, he was sentenced to two to four years in a New York State prison for violating a plea deal on a drug-possession charge by leaving a drug rehabilitation center. He was paroled on May 23, 2007. The reason given for the violation of his plea deal was that the clinic refused to supply him with HIV medication. Battling HIV, he continued to use without shame. Last year while doing an interview with the New Yorker he started smoking crack. Telling the reporter “Ten to fifteen minutes of this, I don’t have pain,” he said. ”This I can quit anytime I’m ready.” As I said in the beginning, we are saying good bye to the physical body of Gil-Scott Heron, but his mind and spirit are here eternally. We can always hear his distinct baritone voice and those loud congas in our collective conscious guiding us through our trying times, reminding us that, ”The darkness comes along/ to terrorize the weak and challenge the strong.”
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The Green Journey A Layman’s Review of MMJ Dispensaries The assignment was simple enough: obtain a medical marijuana recommendation and review 50 Medical Marijuana dispensaries. Sure, I’m an expert. No, I’ve never really been inside a collective, but I’m the guy for the job! I’m your man. Sign me up. I can start today. Really, today’s cool. -By Jim Riley
Pot Doc I was provided the name and address of a doctor located in a large, older building not far from my home. No reservations were necessary (or available), so I filled out a lengthy questionnaire and people-watched in the large waiting room. The room was filled to capacity with patients of every age, race and nationality. Some appeared to have something physically wrong with them and some looked like they were on their way to the skate park. A woman to my right had a Chihuahua hidden under a blanket on her lap, which peeked out occasionally. I waited about half an hour until my name was called.
ger in business. Often, dispensaries that had userreviews online as recently as a couple of days ago would be found abandoned. Mother Herb was a nice place with music wafting through the waiting room and pretty girls running the show. This is what I would later come to refer to as a “hippie” joint. The vibe is straight out of an old head shop and the chances of bumping into a patient in a wheelchair are slim. I filled out a few pages of required information while my doctor’s note is run through the system to assure I’m legit. After processing, I was lead to the dispensing area for my first look at what’s up.
are serious. I have labeled these types of dispensaries “Pharmacies.”
The doctor appeared relatively concerned when I described my ailment, as I have a condition that is the cause of ongoing and annoying pain. He checked my vitals and asked me a few relevant questions and I was actually impressed. I went into the office expecting to have a doctor stare at his clipboard and read off a preset list of butt-covering statements. This was not the case and I am giving my “Pot Doc” a “C” grade overall. He could have earned a solid “B” if he hadn’t tried to sell me a $20 picture i.d. card at the end of our consultation. Real doctors don’t sell trinkets.
Tina was chosen to be my Budmaid and eagerly showed me around the glass displays, each loaded with large glass containers of different strains. I had printed out a list of questions and Tina helped me to fill in the blanks. There were over 40 different varieties to be had for the patient who likes a lot of choices. There was also a refrigerator full of edible medicine, disguised as cookies, brownies and cakes.
Possibly the best place to find top quality buds, pharmacies are all business and are quick to ask what ailments are bothering you. They don’t hesitate in making recommendations on how to properly medicate, but promotions and specials are virtually non-existent. It’s possible to find your Budmaid resembles your great Aunt Bertha. And yes, you just might run into a real patient shopping for relief.
I thanked Tina for her time and the free joint she gave me for being a first time patient.
With my newly printed doctor’s recommendation in hand, I was entitled to purchase and grow medical marijuana for my personal use. In fact, I could also cultivate a small garden and supply my favorite collective with valuable herb to be resold to other patients. The problem is, the last time my wife went out of town to visit her mother, all the plants in the household died from lack of care, so a growing career is probably not in my future.
With all the legal patients now able to grow their own weed and sell to collectives, there appears to be somewhat of a glut in the supply chain. No longer are vendors waiting anxiously for their professional suppliers to harvest their latest grow. Instead, dispensaries have a wide choice of growers to choose from and with this choice have come lower prices. Top-tier meds, once fetching over $4,000 a pound, can now be had for about $1,000 less. Have the collectives lowered their pricing to help the struggling patient and pass on the savings? Not according to a number of owners I spoke with. They each bitched about the quality going downhill, but that didn’t keep them from charging the same rates as before.
Pharmacies are the most boring to review and to shop at. Sure, this is the type of establishment that was envisioned when the law was passed, and this is where you would want your mom to go, but given the choice between picking up an eighth of AK-47 from your Aunt Bertha or chatting with Tina and her belly ring, most (hetero-male) patients would choose the latter.
Mother Herb Patient Center Armed with six addresses to dispensaries that were located near one another, I headed out on my first run to conduct reviews. It wasn’t until the third place on the list that I was able to find one that was open. The first two resulted in finding a “For Lease” sign and a massage parlor where the collectives were supposed to be. Victims of either raids or poor business management, a recurring theme of my travels would be finding out that many shops were no lon-
Wellness Center For All Located in a high-rent location, amongst outdoor cafes and designer fashion shops, Wellness Center had a sterile, professional feel to it. All customers are “patients” and all the weed is “medicine.” They
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So what is Keepin It Real? You ever meet someone and right off the jump they say they are looking for a boyfriend/ girlfriend, someone to chill with, talk to…? But really they just tell you that so you will be convinced it is okay for them to get “the goods?” Boys and Girls, why do we play these BS games? I understand coming from a woman’s perspective that we “play hard to get” to convince guys that we are the “good girls,” but deep down inside we know we just want “the goods” also. I am an advocate of communication in relationships and think that if you express your true feelings upfront there shouldn’t be any type of misunderstandings later in the relationship (hopefully not). Maybe I don’t really want a relationship either. So my whole thing is why not keep it real? I, probably like most readers, like to keep things simple. More ladies than not are with it… of course we may not come straight out and say “Hi, nice to meet you let’s go to my place,” but we are down for the count. So next time you go out on a date with someone and are really feelin them you should have the “Keepin It Real” conversation. I bet you 9 times out of 10 you both would agree on just Keepin It Real!!!! And you never know you might end up with some bomb ass lovin for the night. (or not) haha……. -Chuanda Mason
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If you have a relationship question or just need some relationship advice email us at Lsqmag@gmail.com or email@example.com
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By Jim Riley
It’s been about a year since I finally gave up and went to see a doctor about the recurring pain in my feet. As I gave the doctor the rundown of my ailments, I could see his usually calm face grimace a little with each description. I explained that I couldn’t wear socks because my feet would immediately reject them with a burst of hot pain and overly sensitive skin. Later in the day, I explained, the tops of my legs would ache and I’d have to soak my feet and have my wife rub my calves to get just a little relief. The doctor diagnosed my condition as Peripheral Neuropathy (P.N.), an ailment caused by nerve damage that travels the same biological highway as the feet, arms and legs. There are several types of P.N., caused by a variety of problems. Diabetes, alcoholism, chemicals and injuries are probably the most common culprits. I’m not diabetic, nor am I a lush, so I either got poisoned somewhere down the road, or an old sports injury of my youth is coming back to haunt me. It really doesn’t matter how I got it - I got it.
back of my legs on the pads. My legs literally sit on ice as I work and I will be pain-free until the ice packs warm up. If I’m smart (and I remember), I’ll get up every hour or so and put the packs in the freezer and walk around for 10 minutes until I think the ice packs have magically re-frozen.
the effects were before trying it medically. I obtained a medical marijuana recommendation and visited a nearby dispensary to shop for some relief. I was amazed at the difference in quality since the last time I checked it out. The smell, the look and the taste far exceeded even the best of the best from my youth. I purchased an eighth ounce of some strong Indica and headed home.
Growing up in California, marijuana was never a big deal as it is in some other states. I used to smoke it when I was younger, so I knew what the effects were before trying it medically.
I was prescribed a pill that was designed as an anti-epileptic medication, but was found to reduce the symptoms of P.N. The pills don’t do anything that I can tell, but my doctor says I am better off with them and since I actually trust him, I take them daily. When I awake each day, I feel pretty good. Sometimes, by the time I’m done drinking my coffee and reading the morning news, my feet feel a little sore for no particular reason. If it’s going to be a bad day, my feet will become noticeably worse while in the shower and then my legs will begin to ache. If it’s going to be a ‘normal’ day, my feet don’t get any worse and I head off to work. I go in the back door of the office and stop by the fridge to grab the two icepacks I keep in the freezer. I head to my desk, lay the ice packs side by side on the seat of my chair and sit with the
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I can usually work from about 8am until 4pm before I have to go home and lay down. My legs become too sore for sitting and my feet hurt too much to stand. Lying down for half an hour seems to take the edge off, and after resting, I can do more work from home if I need to. After dinner, the pain comes back as if it never stopped and I’m left trying to find new ways to deal with it. Painkillers are the obvious remedy, but since my Neuropathy will just keep getting worse and probably bother me forever, I would have to continually raise my dosage as my tolerance increased. I’m all for painkillers if I break my leg. I’m not going to take them forever though. Growing up in California, marijuana was never a big deal as it is in some other states. I used to smoke it when I was younger, so I knew what
After dinner that first night, I retreated to the back patio and rolled a joint. Damn, I’m still a great roller! I smoked half the joint and went back inside to see what effects it would have on my pain. I reclined on the couch and my wife and I watched a DVD. I had a nice time watching the movie and when it was over, I noticed that I had been pain free for the entire time. Let me re-phrase that last statement: I didn’t notice any pain for the entire movie. I can’t decide if it relieves pain or merely takes my mind to another place where the pain doesn’t exist. Does it matter–as long as it works?
I now smoke nightly, after dinner and when I’m ready to call it a day. I’m not a functioning stoner by any means, so when I medicate, I don’t attempt to do much of anything, except relax. I awake each morning refreshed and side-effect free. I sleep the entire night and have no physical or mental ‘hang-over’ from the night before. I’m done with pain killers and it appears, I’m done with the chronic pain of my Peripheral Neuropathy. My doctor couldn’t find a way to provide me with relief using all of his modern medical knowledge. I found my relief in the green leaf.
the people vs.
Marijuana activist fights a bi-costal war for legalization By Makeda Smith Mount Holly, NJ - As medical marijuana smokers around the globe celebrated “4/20”-- an internationally recognized date for the celebration of cannabis-Ed Forchion, aka NJWeedman and his lawyer, John Vincent Saykanic, Esq., filed a historic legal brief in New Jersey’s Burlington County Superior Court, battling for not only Forchion’s freedom but for the rights and recognition of marijuana smokers everywhere (Indictment No. 2010-08-066-I). The filing is historic as it challenges New Jersey drug legislation and may change how the state’s medical and criminal marijuana laws are enforced. On April 1, 2010, Ed Forchion was arrested in Mount Holly, New Jersey with a pound of cannabis in the trunk of his car. A Burlington County grand jury indicted Forchion in August of last year for violation of the State’s drug laws. In October 2010 he pleaded not guilty. He faces more than a decade in prison if convicted. Forchion is a dual citizen of New Jersey and California, and he has been evaluated and approved by a medical doctor in California to use marijuana (and has been given a California Medical Marijuana card, which was valid on the date of his New Jersey arrest). Mr. Forchion also operates a medical marijuana (dispensary) Temple in Hollywood, California called the “Liberty Bell Temple II.”
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In December 2010, Superior Court Judge Charles Delehey permitted Forchion to challenge the constitutionality of the state’s marijuana laws, which makes marijuana possession illegal (and a Schedule I drug) because it purportedly has no medicinal value. At the same time, New Jersey is implementing a medical marijuana program for the treatment of needy and ill citizens since New Jersey became the 15th state to legalize the use of medical marijuana on January 18, 2010. The legal brief raises eight grounds explaining why the indictment must be dismissed. These include that Mr. Forchion, as a practicing Rastafarian, should be granted a religious exemption under the First Amendment (and Equal Protection Clause) to possess marijuana since marijuana-known as ganja
in the religion-operates as a sacrament and is an integral part of the Rastafarian religious ceremony. Since American Indians are granted an exemption to utilize peyote (a Schedule I drug) in their religious ceremonies, and since the Brazilian church Uniao do Vegetal (in New Mexico) is permitted an exemption to utilize the sacramental tea ayahuasca (also a Schedule I drug), Rastafarians should be afforded the same religious exemption and equal protection. Other issues raised in the brief are: that marijuana should no longer be classified as a Schedule I drug (with the hardest drugs such as heroin, LSD, etc.) since even the State of New Jersey now recognizes its medicinal value; that Forchion should be able to possess the marijuana on the grounds of “medical necessity” since he is a medical marijuana patient (approved in California, one of his two residences); and that the New Jersey marijuana laws do not provide adequate notice that he could not possess his required medicine (and religious sacrament). Saykanic says, “It’s not only un-American that Rastafarians are discriminated against for their sacred religious views, but it’s outrageous that the alleged ‘illegal’ drug that is their sacrament has now been acknowledged by the State to have great medicinal value, yet they continue to be persecuted.” Saykanic also says, “The war on drugs is a complete failure and the most glaring example is the law illegalizing marijuana. The question to be asked is not whether marijuana should be legal but who is making huge profits (and gaining political capital) by propagating the war on marijuana and other drugs? The failed war is a ridiculous waste of taxpayers’ money and a denial of basic American privacy and liberty rights. Ed’s case could well be the beginning of the end of drug law tyranny. “ “The state of New Jersey has made a mistake in classifying marijuana as just a criminal substance,” avows Forchion. Forchion says he uses marijuana for medicinal and religious purposes. Marijuana is frequently used for healing and ritualistic purposes in Rastafarianism, a religion he practices. Forchion will move to represent himself at trial. As detailed in his book release, “Public Enemy # 420,” Forchion has a history that spans decades in his quest for his right to smoke marijuana legally. A cult figure in the marijuana legalization community, he achieved media notoriety when he was arrested for smoking marijuana in front of the entire New Jersey State Assembly in 2000, and garnered a national platform when he fired it up at Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, PA during the Republican National Convention. Forchion has since become one of the most vocal and recognized members of the pro-pot movement. He is the founder of the Legalize Marijuana Party of New Jersey and has run previous campaigns for Governor, U.S. Senate, Congress, the State Legislature, and the Burlington County Board of Freeholders.
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S L E NG
A F O R E Y Y CIT W A L US
B i N N A C
Don’t believe what people tell you about marijuana being “basically legal” in California. You can still be arrested for holding in the state, often at the discretion of the officer. David Welch is an attorney for qualified medical marijuana patients in the Greater Los Angeles area. This is one of the epicenters of the fight for compassionate use in the state, with a constant battle between growers, collectives and patients on one side and the city government and the LAPD on the other. One of the best allies of growers, collectives and patients is the lawyer. Much maligned in popular culture, it is people like David Welch who keeps the LAPD from shaking down people like you at will. Welch worked on getting the December 2010 injunction against a law that would have put many of LA’s dispensaries out of business. This battle between LA and qualified patients is why it is essential to get a medical marijuana patient card from your local board of health. “The state medical marijuana ID card is the only thing that prevents arrest,” Welch tells us, adding “99 percent of qualified patients do not have that card.” Further, there is the small issue of “concentrated cannabis,” a strange gray area within a gray area regarding products such as kif and hashish. According to Welch, this refers to any product with more THC “than you would find on a marijuana leaf.” In 2003, former Attorney General Bill Lockyer drafted an opinion of the Attorney General’s office that concentrated cannabis qualified as marijuana under the Compassionate Use Act. Items such as hash and kif are defined under section 11018 of the California Health and Safety Code as derivatives. While Senate Bill 1449 was signed into law by former Gov. Schwarzenegger last year, it still contains a provision regarding concentrated cannabis. Qualified patients are necessarily concerned with how this affects them. Welch advises people to, above all, get their state ID card. Further, he advises honesty when dealing with police in situations like routine traffic stops. Your recommendation alone does not disqualify you from prosecution, but a state ID card does. Lying to a police officer is another charge and qualified patients with an ID card should remember that the law is on their side.
Learn why David Welch is becoming the Johnnie Cochran of Medical Marijuana By Robert Warner 28 | ISSUE 2:: 2011
Can you give us a brief lay of the land about the legal situation for dispensaries in the City of Los Angeles? We received our injunction in December of 2010. That enjoinder stopped the operation of ordinance 181069, which was slated to put many of the clinics in the city out of business. It limited the collectives to those that registered in 2007 and put very restrictive rules on the collectives that would stick around. Since then there is a new ordinance, 181530, which allows a lottery for certain collectives that registered in 2007 or were in operation December 14, 2007. That ordinance is currently in effect and it is being
litigated. However during that time, there has been an injunction that prevents raids by the Los Angeles Police Department for violations of city municipal codes. The Los Angeles PD is still investigating clinics that, in their opinion, fail to follow state law. However, the widespread law enforcement and execution of search warrants, and arrests of collective members throughout the city for violations of city ordinance has stopped. That has put a stay on much of the active enforcement on the part of the City of Los Angeles. Right now it is merely a stay. I would assume the city is still investigating collectives as there is ongoing litigation involving 181530. Why is the city so threatened by these legal dispensaries? The clinics aren’t seen as a potential source of business and tax revenue. It seems that the city wouldn’t have any if they could have their way. The city claims that there is a problem with community members; that there are a lot of complaints from community members in certain areas. Some common complaints are an excess of traffic or parking issues. There are also incidences -- not widespread -- where individual collective members and qualified patients are vandalizing the neighborhood or urinating in the neighborhood. I think these instances are few and far between. Every kind of business, even a supermarket, will have bad apples. Nonetheless, we don’t get rid of supermarkets. “Increasing crime” is the euphemism the city uses as it claims community disruption because of the collectives. What is concentrated cannabis? What are some of the legal issues surrounding concentrated cannabis? As the law is written concentrated cannabis is concentrated THC -- more than you would find on a marijuana leaf. There is a 2003 attorney general opinion from Bill Lockyer which states that concentrated cannabis is marijuana under the Compassionate Use Act. It is defined under 11018 of the California Health and Safety Code as a derivative. Thus, concentrated cannabis is exempt from prosecution under the Compassionate Use Act. Why are people still arrested for this, then? Well, you have to understand that even if you have a recommendation you can still be arrested. The state medical marijuana ID card is the only thing that prevents arrest. And 99 percent of qualified patients do not have that card. Has anyone been successfully prosecuted for concentrated cannabis? People have been prosecuted and persuaded to plead guilty and get deferred entry of judgment, which allows a drug treatment program in lieu of jail. The reason why is that their attorneys were either poorly informed as to the law or they didn’t want to litigate. It seems much easier to walk away and take some courses. So there are convictions of qualified patients for concentrated cannabis. I think it stems from ignorance on the part of the defendant as to what their rights are. In some cases, prosecutors
aren’t aware that medical marijuana includes concentrated cannabis. What’s behind the current attack on growers at the federal level? Has the Obama Administration changed its tune? They’re not changing their position. They’re defining it. Their last letter -- The “Ogden Memo” of 2009 -- was more of a suggestion to the U.S. Attorney’s Office and the City of Ogden, UT. It said that you’re better off using your resources for something more criminal. However, this letter does not say that resources should be allocated to prosecuting marijuana. It simply said that at the top of our list, when it comes to marijuana, are large commercial growers. Our concern is that cities such as Berkeley and Oakland are encouraging commercial marijuana growth. That kind of operation is against federal law and the legal view of the Justice Department. Why did you decide to specialize in medical marijuana and cannabis law? It’s an interesting area. It’s a very new area and you get to litigate a lot of constitutional issues. A lot of the time constitutional litigation is limited to a select few. This is one area where we, the medical marijuana lawyers, can break in and we can litigate this and we can be successful. On top of that there are a lot of checks and balances that need to be put in place. For example, a lot of cities’ laws are, in my opinion, inconsistent with state law. I find it fulfilling to be the check or one of the checks for my clients against cities’ and municipalities’ legislative power. How can growers and smokers protect themselves? First of all, growers and smokers need to obtain the state of ID card from the Department of Public Health in their local jurisdiction. Each county is required to provide those cards to all who pay the attendant fee. If you are in a situation where you are possessing or cultivating marijuana you should provide the officer your state ID card and don’t really say anything more than that. Don’t lie. If you’re pulled over and there is marijuana in the car tell the officer and if they ask, provide them with the state ID card. If you don’t have the state ID card you can still be arrested -- there is nothing preventing a police officer from arresting someone who only has a recommendation. What did the Schwarzenegger bill change? This law lessened the congestion in courts. People with less than 28.6 grams go to the court that regulates traffic tickets. There are fewer rights that apply to those people. You do not have a right to counsel or free representation. You can go to trial and you can have a jury trial. It helps speed up the process of adjudicating whether the accused should be legally possessing marijuana or not.
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Marijuana Loses ReCLASSIFICATION BATTLE
follows: On July 8, 2011, almost nine years after Medical Marijuana (MMJ) supporters requested the U.S. Government reclassify marijuana and remove it from is standing as a schedule 1 drug, the request was denied. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, the same organization that has been raiding legally run medical marijuana dispensaries in several states, was responsible for the denial.
How the DEA can announce that there is no legitimate use for marijuana in the medical field defies all logic. Study after study has presented a variety of conditions that allow patients to benefit greatly from the use. Patients suffering from AIDS, Alzheimer’s disease, Neuropathy, M.S., severe pain sufferers and chemo-patients are achieving positive results from marijuana across the country.
The result finds marijuana alongside heroin, LSD and PCP—labeled as being too dangerous to research and providing no accepted medical use.
Aaron Houston, director of government relations for the Marijuana Policy Project, who attended the AMA meetings said “Marijuana’s Schedule 1 status is not just scientifically untenable, given the wealth of recent data showing it to be both safe and effective for chronic pain and other conditions, but it’s been a major obstacle to needed research.”
Since marijuana was first classified under the Controlled Substance Act in 1970, there have now been three attempts to have the drug removed from the most dangerous list, which keeps out federal money for research. The first request was in 1972 and was denied seventeen years later. The second was filed in 1995 and denied six years later. This stalling technique has likely prevented many discoveries of the benefits of marijuana from seeing daylight. One has to wonder if the DEA had a chance to read the 2009 policy decision issued by the American Medical Association’s House of Delegates.
The Feds’ claim of extreme danger of marijuana can’t be supported by any data. If MMJ was so dangerous, there would be scores of deaths attributable to this “dangerous drug.” The following is a partial list taken from DrugWarFacts.org, numbering the deaths by various causes on an annual basis for the year 2007:
Since marijuana was first classified under the Controlled Substance Act in 1970, there have now been three attempts to have the drug removed from the most dangerous list, which keeps out federal money for research. “Our AMA urges that marijuana’s status as a Federal Schedule 1 controlled substance be reviewed with the goal of facilitating the conduct of clinical research and development of cannaboidbased medicines and alternative delivery methods.” It seems that the AMA thinks marijuana shows promise in the medical field.
MARIJUANA & HEROIN Same Level of Danger? By Jim Riley 30 | ISSUE 2:: 2011
Medical marijuana has enjoyed the overwhelming support of the public lately, with national polls showing a majority of Americans supporting marijuana use for medical purposes. Sixteen states and the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana and other states are preparing to vote on the measure soon. It’s also one of the more profitable industries in our depressed economy, providing much needed tax revenue to struggling states.
Cardiovascular diseases: 806,156 Malignant neoplasms: 562,875 Motor Vehicle Crashes: 43,945 Drug Induced (legal and illegal): 38,371 Septicemia (infections): 34,828 Firearms: 31,224 Accidental poisoning: 29,846 Alcohol induced: 23,199 Homicide: 18,361 HIV: 11,295 Viral Hepatitis: 7,407 Cannabis (Marijuana): 0
The statistics obviously don’t support the DEA’s report. Marijuana apparently is safer than a drive to the supermarket, yet “lacks accepted safety for use under medical supervision,” according to Michelle M. Leonhart, DEA Administrator. It seems strange that such a decision would be the responsibility of an agency that has such a conflict of interest. Is it appropriate to believe that marijuana would be found safe and useful by the same group that would have the most to lose if that were true? The end of the dubious War on Drugs would also signal the end of many DEA jobs. Funny, that alcohol is so high on the list, but can be purchased literally, on every street corner in Urban America. Funny, as in funny business. The California Beer and Beverage Distributors donated $10,000 in 2010 to help squash full legalization of marijuana in California. They were third in donations behind The California Police Chief Association ($30,000) and the California Narcotics Association ($20,500). So, in review, The California Narcotic Officers and the California Police Chief Association have joined the California Beer and Beverage Distributors (23,199 deaths in 2007) to fight something that has never killed anyone. Anti-legalization ads included scenarios of drugged-out school bus drivers shuttling our young ones around town. It’s the same scare tactics used in other propaganda-fueled campaigns. If you don’t have the data to back your claim– scare ‘em! Where does this leave MMJ’s future? Fortunately, the mere issuance of the report by the DEA, that denies rescheduling the plant to a more appropriate rating, also opens the door to an appeal before federal courts using actual medical data. Dr. Igor Grant, a neuropsychiatrist and director for Medicinal Cannabis Research at UC San Diego, has found that marijuana helps with neuropathic pain and muscle spasticity. He’s concerned that the government’s position discourages scientists from conducting needed research as to the medical effectiveness of the drug. “We’re trapped in kind of a vicious cycle here,” he said. “It’s always a danger if the government acts on certain kinds of persuasions or beliefs rather than evidence.” That kind of action is more dangerous than heroin OR alcohol.
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The Perfect Union
Why Man and Hemp Belong Together
At some point in history, a long, long time ago, man met hemp. The attraction was instant. Man fell in love with the majestic, green beauty that stood like a testament to creation. Man probably watched hemp for a while and observed how she matured quickly from a tiny seed, no bigger than a pea, into a fullgrown plant in less than three months. He watched her withstand wind, rain, scorching sun and drought and still maintain her strength and beauty. He saw creatures, large and small, winged and footed, feast on fresh seeds that beckoned to be consumed. This courtship between man and hemp was short. Soon the two united, and hemp earned a reputation of honor and respect amongst the human species. Seeds served as a love offering from the hemp plant to the man, who in turn saved a portion of the offspring to sow the following season. Cannabis Sativa L. is the official scientific name of the resplendent herb known as hemp. The Latin word sativa means “useful”. The hemp plant has certainly lived up to this name through the ages becoming one of the most utilitarian plants on earth. Out of the some 25,000 practical products that can be created from hemp, the seed of this remarkable plant deserves more than just a passing glance. Ancient literature and archeological expeditions credit the Chinese with being one of the first groups of people to grow hemp as a cultivated crop. Primitive societies in eastern China developed sowing, cultivation and processing techniques over 4000 years ago. Archeological excavations uncovered remains of Cannabis seeds and fibers from the area around the Yangtze and Yellow rivers.
“Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed which is upon the face of the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.” Genesis 1:29 by Susan Patterson 32| ISSUE | ISSUE2:: 2::2011 2011 32
The Book of Songs, an ancient culmination of culture and social customs written between 476 and 221 BC, cites five staple crops grown for food. These included barley, rice, soybeans, wheat and hemp. This same book tells about how farmers would eat the hemp seeds in September. It was also the Chinese who first understood the nature of the hemp plant. Accurate historical records clearly define the role of the male hemp plant to produce pollen and the female hemp plant to bear seed. These notations are 1,500 years prior to any such mention in European publications. History echoes countless other examples of the intrinsic value of hemp as a medicinal aid, fiber and food source. In the sixth century, the Persians named hemp the Royal Grain or King’s Grain. This grain was often prepared in the shape of a heart cookie which may have been a testimony to the close relationship between robust health and hemp. Claudius Galen (130 - 200 AD), an ancient physician, wrote about a favored dessert amongst the Romans. This dish included the hemp plant tops as well as the seed and left guests feeling relaxed and pleasant. Jack Herer notes that medieval Europeans cooked up porridge, soups and mash containing a high proportion of hemp seed while a monk’s diet included three daily dishes made with hemp.
Today hemp is any variety of the Cannabis Sativa plant that has less than 0.3% THC, the primary ingredient in marijuana. Industrial hemp grows in over thirty nations. Although it is not a legal crop in America, it is heavily imported in various forms. In fact, the legal importation of hemp increases at a rate of over 10% a month. Over 450,000 pounds of hemp seeds and 331 pounds of hemp oil enter America each year. The phenomenal nutritional value of hemp is no longer suppressed. The mighty hemp seed may be small, but it packs a powerful punch. Safely nestled inside a protective, edible exterior is nothing short of a nutritional miracle. The hemp seed contains all twenty amino acids including the nine essential amino acids that the body cannot make. There is no other plant source on the face of the planet that provides a complete protein in such an easy to digest form. This simple protein strengthens the immune system and wards off toxins. Much potential exists in using hemp seeds to prevent and heal immune deficiency diseases. High in fiber and fatty acids, the hemp seed has a perfect balance of omega 3 to omega 6 fats at a three to one ratio, which significantly improves cardiovascular health. A study done in 1992 found that a diet rich in hemp seed reduces total cholesterol and blood pressure. As if this extensive list is not impressive enough, hemp also contains high levels of calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and phosphorus potassium. Hemp is easy to integrate into one’s diet and can be done so in many different ways. Hemp oil has a nutty flavor and is light green in color. Enjoy hemp oil as a salad dressing or topping for steamed vegetables. Hemp bars are usually mixed with other seeds like flax and sesame and provide a quick, protein rich boost. Hemp shakes are available in a wide variety of flavors and taste great when mixed with a frozen banana. Raw hemp seeds make a tasty treat any time. When shopping for hemp food products, be sure to buy only raw, pure, GMO-Free, pesticide-free and non-fumigated or non-irradiated seeds.
Resources Bennet, Chris. “Hemp Seed, the Royal Grain.” Cannabis Culture January 1999. Clarke, Robert C., and Xiaozhai Lu. “The Cultivation and use of Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in Ancient China.” Journal of the International Hemp Association November -June 1995 . Conrad, Chris. Hemp for Health. Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 1997. Herer, Jack. The Emperor Wears No Clothes. Van Nuys, CA: Ah Ha Publishing, 1985. Osburn, Lynn. “Hemp Seed: The Most Nutritionally Complete Food Source in the World.” Hemp Robinson, Rowan. The Great Book of Hemp. Vermont: Park Street Press, 1996. Line Journal July - August 1992, pp. 14-15, Vol 1.No.1. Thevenot, Chad. “Industrial Hemp Movement Growing.” News Brief February 1997 http:// www.ndsn.org/FEB97/HEMP.html Yurchey, Doug. “The Real Reason Why Hemp is Illegal.” LewRockwell.com http:// www. lewrockwell.com/spl2/reason-hemp-is-illegal. html
The marriage between man and hemp has been one that has survived the test of time and successive attacks. What ancient civilizations knew is now being re-discovered all over again. Hemp is clearly a “Superfood,” capable of providing complete and accessible nutrition for the world. As the hidden value of the hemp plant as a food source unfolds before us, it is refreshing to see mounting evidence supporting what was once understood, that this is truly a perfect union.
“So they are no longer two, but one. Therefore what God has joined, let man not separate.” Matthew 19:6 “
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Hollywood’s Compassionate Caregivers
Some people thought that Jeff Hunter was crazy when he sought to open a dispensary in 2005. But six years later, a plethora of dispensaries are open across sixteen states and his own dispensaries have branched out across California.
Hunter called that first dispensary “Happy Days.”
Jeff Hunter was in San Francisco delivering bread for Sara Lee at four o’clock in the morning when he ran across a cannabis club, which was an area medical marijuana dispensary.
And Hunter never looked back, expanding from San Francisco to Los Angeles, where he founded HCC (Hollywood’s Compassionate Caregivers), with locations in Hollywood, The San Fernando Valley and South Los Angeles.
“That was in the beginning, around 2005,” he recalled. “I immediately became interested because I had always believed that dispensing medical marijuana to people in need should be legal.” Hunter began doing research so that he could become a part of the movement. “I started asking everyone questions,” he said. “I went to every dispensary I could find. Some people were trying to discourage me and I got a little frustrated, but eventually, I just went down to city hall myself and filled out a questionnaire. Two weeks later, I checked my mail and I had a license to sell medical marijuana.” The hardest part, thought Hunter, would be obtaining the license. But that thought was wrong as he sought to rent property to open his first dispensary. “People thought I was crazy at that time,” he said. “Imagine at the beginning, going up to someone and saying ‘let me come in and sell marijuana on your property.’ I went through several places trying to establish myself. After six months, I convinced a family to let me rent their property.”
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“I had said to myself from the start that if I ever opened a dispensary, I would call it ‘Happy Days,’” he recalled.
Expanding the caregiving also meant expanding the clientele.
“We have armed guards and we have security measures, but sometimes, things happen,” said Hunter. “It can happen to anybody and it happens to us sometimes, but we’re smart about things. We’re cautious and we’re nice to people, but that’s life.” Overall, the major focus of Hollywood’s Compassionate Caregivers is to give—service, assistance and most of all, care to the patients seeking medical marijuana to make their lives easier in the face of sickness, whether temporary, long term or terminal. “Before you can receive, you have to give,” Hunter said. “If I see another dispensary doing something that isn’t right, I’ll talk to them and try to help. This is a caregiving industry and we should all care.”
“Our patients are multi-cultural and a cross-section of life,” he said. “We’re a reputable organization, so we’re doing great.” Expanding the caregiving also meant expanding the risks. The downside to caregiving in a field that was formerly relegated to street commerce is that sometimes, the street element seeks to associate and at some point, take advantage of a nonprofit organization.
“People thought I was crazy at that time. Imagine at the beginning, going up to someone and saying ‘let me come in and sell marijuana on your property.’” --Jeff Hunter, on establishing a medical marijuana dispensary five years ago.
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Alternative medicine and contemporary urban living