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laura schmitz


Laura Schmitz: undergraduate portfolio 1423 Parker Blvd. Buffalo, NY 14223 716. 390. 1913 lschmitz@buffalo.edu University at Buffalo 112 Hayes Hall 3435 Main Street Buffalo, NY 14214-3097

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page 4

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House For An Athlete

Ascention

c o n t e 20

Excavation

24

Wall

28

Lift: The Triangler

30

Fort Niagara Visitor’s Center

42

Mosque: Shifted Center

50

Market: Adjacencies

60

Transportation Interchange + Traiathlon Training Center: Transitions


Dencity: Access to Ground page 72

Pet Hotel

78

Construction Drawings: Kitsap County Administration Building

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Drawing Barcelona

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Hinge House

92

n t s

       

WPA2.0: Cultivating Convergences

96

Bat House

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house for an athlete A piece of performance footwear,        observed and described through a series of drawings. An understanding of the way that the equipment has been designed to accommodate both the body and the activity was reached. A measuring device was designed and created using x-y-z coordinates. Adjustable horizontal, vertical, sliding and rotating members measured distances and angles within the shoe. 4


5


6


From these measurements, section cuts and a plan were used to create an axonometric drawing and wire model. Through cutting the shoe, its method of construction is revealed in the layering and stitching of materials. 7


The performance of the shoe put in motion by the body was documented.            !    "#   #   # $ Using points and lines, this recorded information was translated into a path that framed the motion of the body through time, operating formally through release and constraint as the working muscles extend and contract.

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Systematic documentation revealed the changing curves ot the working muscles’ expansion and contraction as they propel the body into motion.

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10


Each frame of motion was then structured around the skeletal joints. These depict a changing form which alternates between constraining and releasing the free motion of the body.

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House for Performance Training: Softball A house was designed to intensify the athlete’s training and accomodate interaction between athlete and trainer. The house was constructed as an intervention on a given site that incorporates the elements and nature of softball in the athlete’s path through her daily training and lifestyle habits. 12


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14


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ascension Within a 20’ cube, a program was designed to elevate a viewer 10’ above the ground to a look-out station. A series of volumetric shifts determined the viewer’s experience approaching the cube and their circulation throughout it.

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proposed 1:1 construction: 2x4 wood frame

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B

A

C

C

C

C

B

C

C

A

East Elevation

A

North Elevation

Section BB

A

B

C

C

B West Elevation

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A

C

B

C

A South Elevation

C

C

B Section AA


B

A

A

B  % &

B

A

A

B

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excavation Through a process of excavation, a 20’cube of earth was designed to lower a visitor12’ below the ground into a secluded room.

#  #   " "  $ '  model was constructed as a moving volumetric space.

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21


wall A single concrete masonry unit was designed based on a given letter of the alphabet. Once the unit was designed, a two-part rubber mold was created. Plaster units were then mass produced from this mold. The unit was designed to stack in three dimensions to create a wall that included a corner, a door way and a seat.

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(   ) "#  plan and elevation:

 ) "# 

six connection sites allows light and air penetration

% "" ) "# 

eight connection sites prevents light and air penetration

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Final Unit Design: Combination fourteen connection sites     " "# 

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T r i a n g l lift: the triangler Fullscale Group Project

Our group was challenged to lift a person in the air 6’ using only 2 x 4 lumber and rope. All six members of the group orchestrate the act of lifting. The body begins in a low space enclosed by the triangluated structure. Three team members pull ropes that lower the three triangles and propel the body upward. Three other tema members place a fourth triangluar frame that holds this position such that the body can remain lifted without the other members’ strength.

Group Members: Lowell Deutschlander, Tim Geier, Charles Schmidt, *# %/ ; # % </ )  = > ? ;


l a r


f o r t i f y i n experienc

designin Fort Niagara Visitorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Center

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n g s p a c e cing space

ng space 31


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fortifying space In the English motte and bailey castle, Pleshey,     "   /#    /    "        $ Earth was strategically displaced to create voids by moving solids to form protective ridges and ditches which control the method of approach and entry. By changing the contours of the land, the ability of a body to maneuver them and travel through the space was decreased. Exploration through drawing shows the way in which the circular geometry in the positive and " J    "    $

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experiencing space Alterations of existing site conditions were common         Pleshey and Fort Niagara. Both heightened the effects of typical body and ground interactions by creating extreme topographical conditions. Photographic documentation of a section cut through Fort Niagara's site created a cinematic J   /    book. This enabled an isolation and analysis of the changing conditions of the relationship between body, horizon and ground plane and an exploration of how these three elements become reference points for one's orientation in space.

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body/ground/horizon body: constantly vertical ground: representative of the actual topography horizon: contantly horizontal

The bodyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s spatial experience relies on the stable force of gravity, and its relationshop to the changing ground plane and constant horizon. When relationships amongst these components are challenged, spatial experiences and perceptions can be further recognized and emphasized.

body: changing orientation based on ground plane ground: shifted to connect by its edge within the photos horizon: contantly changing due to photo shifts

body: constantly perpindicular to horizon ground: rotated to be constantly horizontal horizon: shifted orientation based on rotated ground

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designing space The projection of planes created by critical points of change in the topography creates a volume that challenges existing relationships of body, horizon, and ground plane. The sequential path through the programmatic elements of a Visitor's Center at the present day fort focus on ascent, descent, conditions of above and below ground, and access to views outside. The volume's path is an extension       with which it integrates below, through, above, around, and over the topography. As one travels through the Visitor's Center, one is exposed to the fort's history as well as its heightened spatial experiences.

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38


40


41


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Mosque: Shifted Center ";" %   In the precedents studied, the perfect symmetry of the sphere is disrupted by shifting its center in order to direct circulation, spatial organization and perception of the environment.

Because Mecca acts as the spiritual center of the Muslim world, the center of the spherical Earth is shifted such that one point on its periphery becomes the core of a coexisting spiritually organized Earth.

These two spheres are grounded based on their orientation to the actual Earth, such that Buffalo is perpendicular to the ground plane and the simultaneously peripheral and core point faces Mecca.

    mediates oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s transitional circulation from the exterior world to an interior prayer space with its point of focus on Mecca at its center interacting with the directionality of the point of focus of the actual city of Mecca.

     # geographic organization. Each operation of the mosque is a reaction to this shifted center, and on the principles by which each sphere operates. It radiates from his point further onto the surrounding site, reconstructing the landscape to operate in relationship to its core ,

extruding from the actual Earth and forming around the shifted center. Pushing out from the center, the mosque expands when additional space is needed. As it expands outwards, it mediates between the relationships of the two scales. 43


Investigating the Sphere

The ideas of unity, centrality, equality, continuity, and symmetry inherent to the geometric properties of the sphere are disrupted when its center is shifted.


What if Mecca was at the center of the

Earth?

Investigating the Mosque

Earth reoriented to show the relationship of the given site at Buffalo to the city of Mecca, the center of the Muslim spiritual world. The rotated Earth shown in relationship to the additon of a second sphere designed with Mecca at its center.

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Expansive nature of the mosque from its center

Expansion of the mosque over time

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47


B

B

A

ROOF ELEVATION SCALE: 1/8" = 1'-0"

A

MECCA NORTH

MECCA

B

SECTION - B SCALE: 1/8" = 1'-0"

C

48 SECTION - A SCALE: 1/8" = 1'-0"


Library Expansion

Circulation Axonometric

Prayer Space Ablution Pool

Women’s Entrance Ramp Men’s Entrance Ramp

Mecca North

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market DWKNVCFLCEGPEKGU UQEKCNEQPUGSWGPEGUQHCFLCEGPEKGU UVTKRFKUVTKEV RKVVUDWTIJRC

A two-dimensional pattern, Houndstooth,  ;  "#    a canopy structure used to shade a local weekly Farmerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Market. This small-scale structure   " /< "  & #"! %  Z  $          "   "  #   $

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canopy  " [     pattern an arrangement of repeated or corresponding parts, decorative motifs, etc. adjacency the attribute of being so near as to be touching

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allow light allow shade

elmwood ave + bidwell pkwy buffalo, ny

two walls

four posts


market DWKNVCFLCEGPEKGUUQEKCNEQPUGSWGPEGUQHCFLCEGPEKGU UVTKRFKUVTKEV RKVVUDWTIJRC

rotation of volumetric program

adopted master plan for site

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When formal moves create new programmatic adjacencies, what kinds of social passings, exchanges and avoidances occur?

dialogue between built and social adjacencies

built adjacencies

intersection

How do choices of lighting, materials, program and structure create varying moments of adjacencies that effect social conditions within the market space?


What happens when people enter the market site? how do they circulate? what spaces do they occupy? how much time do they spend there?

passing

passing avoidance

Consumer

Market Worker exchange

Recreational Event Attender

Recreational Event Attender

Section

ge avoidance

Passing two people in the same space who do not interact Exchange two people in the same space that do interact Avoidance one person actively prevents a passing or an exchange

social consequences of adjacencies

p

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Sca

le: Bu i Pro lding gra , mo fM

Scale:

Huma n Acces , s an

d Sigh t

ark

et

Sca

le:

Urb Pit an, tsb urg ht oA lleg

ha

56

ny R

ive

how will the built market mediate between the site's land and water within the scales of the system?

Adjacencies to Water

r


D

E

A B

t

C

Section F

F

G

Scale: 1/16” = 1’-0” Produce Market Plan 57


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A B

C

Section E

A B

C

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T R A N S I T THROUGH SPACE AND T IME SITE- BUFFALO, NY I-190 OVERPASS, TRAIN STATION / +TRANSPORTATION INTERCHANGE + SPORTS FACILITY

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I O N S

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LAYERED PROGRAM

layers within the facility enable vertical transitions between multiple overlapping programs to create a vertical density of motion

Geometries of motion are derived from dimensions of transportation vehicles, such as the turning radius of a bus

HIGHWAY + PASSENGER TRAIN + LIGHT RAIL

CAFE + THERMAL BATH

Threshold: over/under/through light/shadow on/off

Threshold: dry/wet steps down/into material change

HIGHWAY + BICYCLE PARKING

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Threshold: locked/unlocked speeds transportation/recreation

HIGHWAY + SKATE PARK + BICYCLE RACKS Threshold: bike/walk/skate up/down on/off


maximizing the speed of the body during transitions from swimming through water, cylcing around a velodrome and running around a track

TRIATHLON TRAINING

SWIM [transition] CYCLE [transition] RUN The facility is designed to enable transitions in speeds and media of movement by strategically  "#" "/ 

pool to velodrome/ swim to cycle

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<< the site inspires interaction of multiple motions at different levels and scales

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UP DOWN UP UP DOW ENTER/EXIT SITE BY ROAD, THEN RAMP: BICYCLING, WALKING

Structural Diagram: B Structural Diagram: Vertical structure allows people and services Vertical structure allows people and services to ascend descendlevels levels to ascendand and descend thatthat may may fafacilitate modes of transportation cilitate different different modes of transportation and anddifferent different velocities types of motion. velocities andand tyypes of motion

4

mechanical services traveling vertically through levels: air, water, + power

3 2

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1


WN UP DOWN UP 1

2

elevator

elevator

stair case

transition from pool

stair case

ramp to velodrome first aid station athletic trainerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s office public toilets

access to cycling velodrome bicycle repair shop

bicycle ramp from city street cycling velodrome running track

3

locker rooms/ showers

stair case

bus loop ramp

elevator

sports bar/restaurant

swimming lap lanes

4

stair case elevator

railroad tracks

employee offices taxi/automobile drop off underground subway and waiting area

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ENTER SITE BY ROAD: CAR, TAXI, WALKING

A ENTER/ EXIT SITE :

B

WALKING

EXIT SITE BY ROAD: CAR, TAXI, WALKING

EXCHANGE ST

ENTER/EXIT SITE BY RAIL ROAD: PASSENGER TRAIN

ENTER/EXIT SITE BY UNDERGROUND SUBWAY

WASHINGTON ST

ENTER SITE BY ROAD, THEN BUS RAMP: PUBLIC BUS

c

N

c

ROOF PLAN ON SITE SCALE: 1/64” = 1’-0”

EXIT SITE BY ROAD, THEN BUS RAMP: PUBLIC BUS A ENTER/ EXIT SITE : WALKING

ENTER/EXIT SITE BY ROAD, THEN RAMP: BICYCLING, WALKING B


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den[city]: access to ground

apartment complex / buffalo, ny

2 bedroom apartment B

B Habitation: ACCESS TO GROUND Laura Schmitz ARC 403 Fall 2010 Professor: Sergio Lopez-Piñeiro

Composting Opportunities in the City of Buffalo

Delaware Park and Forest Lawn Cemetary plant materials

Buffalo Reuse has tried small scale outdoor composting from neighborhood donations City Residents can contribute their waste for compost

Surrounding businesses such as Lexington Co-Op and Spot Coffee have contributed to compost in past

Site of Apartment Building

Buffalo Central Terminal Experimental composting since “October Storm” provided wood chip supply

Public Library

Broadway

Section AA Looking towards Ellicott scale: 1/16” = 1’-0”

winter garden

summer garden A

A A

A

B

B 1st floor

2nd floor

enter/ exit

winter garden summer garden

section AA

section BB

1 bedroom apartment B

B

summer garden

winter garden A

A

A A B

B

1st floor

2nd floor

enter/ exit

winter garden summer garden

3 bedroom apartment

section BB

section AA

B

B

studio/accessible apartment winter garden

summer garden

A

B

A

A

A winter garden

winter garden A

B

1st floor

B

B 1st floor

summer garden

section AA

section AA

summer garden

2nd floor

section BB

Buffalo Sun Path

section BB

A


ion BB

Habitation: ACCESS TO GROUND   Buffalo Sun Path ARC 403 Fall 2010 of Sun on Professor: Sergio Path Lopez-Piñeiro

Summer Solstice at Noon Path of Sun on Winter Solstice at Noon

24.5

accessible studio

accessible studio

2 bedroom

1 bedroom

3 bedroom

2 bedroom

1 bedroom

3 bedroom

2 bedroom

1 bedroom

3 bedroom

2 bedroom

1 bedroom

accessible studio

3 bedroom

1 bedroom

1 bedroom

1 bedroom

2 bedroom

2 bedroom

1 bedroom

accessible studio accessible 2 bedroom accessible 2 bedroom

3 bedroom 3 bedroom apartment, unit, winter

winter

Section BB Broadway

scale: 1/16” = 1’-0”

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Sustainable Composting

First Floor Plan: Indoor Public Composting Facility lobby, mail

residentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; parking

compost collection from #  residentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; entry

vehicle entrance

compost piles

pedestrian compost drop-off

Southern Light for Gardens

summer shading on Southern facade

summer sun

compost used in gardens to enrich soil

kitchen food scraps and garden clippings separated and deposited to composting system by occupants

autumn/spring sun

winter sun

compost ventilation

organic waste from local public and businesses

organic waste composted indoors on site year round

compost purchased by public, promotes local growing

Section through gardens

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Local Sources of Compost:

Site: Buffalo, NY

Turning Garbage into Ground

Sustainable Water Use

Shredded Paper from Offices

Coffee Grounds from Coffee Shop

614'

615'

evaporation 619'

620'

621

'

618'

617'

616'

rooftop rain water collection and storage

613'

612'

Ellic ott

Washi ng

Sustainable Water Use

611'

ton

Sustainable Materials and Construction

Broadway

Fallen Leaves from Park

617'

concrete slabs made from recycled aggregate

gardens waterd by rainwater collection and naturally filtered greywater heavy northern insulation from recycled material

Garden Trimmings from Library

Local Sources of Compost: Turning Garbage into Ground Site: Buffalo, NY

outdoor second floor terraces in 1 and 3 bedroom apartments units

water jet system to periodically cleanse waste shutes

outdoor gardening allows for natural fertilization and pest control

Waste Reduction less energy used to transport waste to landfill

compost ventilation

73 Section through terraces


Habitation: ACCESS TO GROUND Laura Schmitz ARC 403 Fall 2010 Professor: Sergio Lopez-Piñeiro

Habitation: ACCESS TO GROUND Laura Schmitz ARC 403 Fall 2010 Professor: Sergio Lopez-Piñeiro

B

B B

B

B

B

B B

B

B B

B

B

B

B B

B

B

B B

N scale: 1/16” =1’-0”

scale: 1/16” =1’-0”

Public Library

Broadway

Elevation

scale: 1/16” = 1’-0”

S ti

AA L

ki

t

d Elli tt


elevator equipment area individual boilers in units fin tube radiation heating

Elevator Equipment Rooms

individual boile ers in residential units e boilers

Meter Room

hydronic fin tub be heating distribution b tube

Forced Air Ventilation for Compost Facility

Hydronic heating distribution plumbing walls

ventilation in parking underground

Parking

separate boiler and heating system for Public Program

Water ets to clean out compost drops

mete meter er room m

elevator equipment area

Public Program Services Whole Building

Building g services: HVAC + plumbing

Residential

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81 slice model 1/4” = 1’-0”

Section Details

scale: 3/4” = 1’-0”


10 10 Roof and Water Collection site-cast two-way flat slab with tensile reinforcement

9

site-cast reinforced concrete half-wall Rigid Batt Insulation vapor barrier concrete topping drain pipe

9 Interior Residential Ceiling finish

8 Exterior Residential Terrace two-way flat slab with tensile reinforcement Rigid Batt Insulation vapor barrier concrete topping Railing

8

7 Garden Assembly site cast reinforced concrete slabs Irrigation pipe Drain pipe

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Water vapor barrier Soil

6

6 Interior wall on upper floors

5

Site cast reinforced concrete columns Wall

finish

5 Interior Floor site cast two-way flat slab with tensile reinforcement concrete topping

4

4 External wall on upper floors Site cast reinforced concrete load baring walls Rigid Batt Metal

Insulation

Mullions

Glass Windows Interior finish

3 3 External wall at ground level Site Cast Reinforced Concrete Rigid Batt Insulation Concrete Topping Metal Mullions

2

Glass Windows

2 Superstructure Site Cast Reinforced Concrete

1 Substructure Foundations Retaining Wall Basement Slab

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1

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Elevation scale: 1/4” = 1’-0”

Elevation scale: 1/4” = 1’-0”


Pet Hotel

Parc de Joan Miro Barcelona, Spain Study Abroad Summer 2010

Within the public park in Barcelona, a hotel for pets was designed to host the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s animals for short periods of time. Each type of animal necessitated their own division of space to ensure comfort and eliminate stress. Cross-circulation enabled the care-giving staff to access each animal area as well as the vet clinic. The pet hotel extended horizontally from the corner of the city block into the existing public park through outstretched "  <   landscape out of the ground. Animals could exercise and children and park-goers could enjoy the company of the pet hotel guests.

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corner condition of park and its circulation paths

sectional studies

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studies of the building meeting the street


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Drawing Barcelona Semester Abroad Summer 2010 Spain This is a personal description of the city as I understood it from sitting on the street and drawing from observation its small details and larger themes.

Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Plaça dels Àngels El Raval, Ciutat Vella

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Barcelona covered street

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Barcelona Pavilion designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

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collage of drawings and building facade under construction

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Estaci贸 de Fran莽a Barcelona Catalonia

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McKinley School House: Hinge House This modular house was designed for high school students to build in their school shop. The houseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s characteristic hinge was born from the process of trucking a building to a site, dropping it on a foundation and the theatrics of unfolding parts of roof to create the appropriate roof pitch. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Hinge Houseâ&#x20AC;? reveals the method of construction in its form, assembly and organization, rather than be swallowed up by shingles and sideing.  /      /#     /   #"       thus each half of the building actually folds into the other, strengthening the relationship beween the two. We used the modular component to activate the design rather than restrict its potential.

BED

BED

SERVICE BATH

HALL

BATH

GUEST BED / LIVING SPACE

PRIVATE HINGED WALL

KITCHEN

DINING

PUBLIC ENTRY

PLAN - 1200 SQ.FT

ROOF PLAN

SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0"

SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0"

The two modules are identical and interdependent in their placement and formal connection

CATHEDRAL CEILING DIAGRAM SCALE: NTS

ROOF + 16'-4"

T.O. MODULE + 10'-0"

LIVING

KITCHEN

KITCHEN

DINING

BATH

BED

BED

BED

GRADE 0'-0"

+4'

SECTION A

SECTION B

SECTION C

SECTION D

SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0"

SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0"

SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0"

SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0"

+8'

+12'

+16'

+20'

+24'

+28'

+32'

+36'

+40'

+44'


The way materials are used, their directional orientation, and placement of windowscreate new possibilites for residential architecture

 "  "    //       depict front from back, side from side, thus allowing the house to be     J      #  "   /   $ 120

Transportation + Unfolding TRANSPORTATION & UNFOLDING

+ 4"

STEP 3 COMPLETED HOUSE THE TWO MODULES ARE IDENTICAL AND INTERDEPENDENT IN THEIR PLACEMENT AND FORMAL CONNECTION

STEP 2 UNFOLDING AND CONNECTING OPPOSING ROOFS

+ 0"

STEP 1 SHIPPING MODULE

renroC tsaehtuoS

0"

Southeast corner MODULE UNFOLDING

93 STEP 1 SHIPPING MODULE

STEP 2 ROOF HINGES UP FROM MODULE

STEP 3 FACADE FLAPS HINGE UP FROM MODULE LARGER FLAP IS SECURED TO HINGED ROOF

STEP 4 ROOF HINGES DOWN TO MEET SECOND FLAP

STEP 5 FINAL ROOF PANEL HINGES OVER THE ADJACENT MODULE TO ENCLOSE HOUSE

STEP 6 THE HOUSE IS NOW SEALED


   

Designed by:

Professor Joyce Hwang

Fabrication + Assembly Assistants:

Laura Schmitz Nicole Marple Dave Nardozzi Mike Pudlewski John Scherer

â&#x20AC;&#x153;City of Dreamsâ&#x20AC;? Mini-Golf, Governorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Island, NY Shop Construction Buffalo, NY

On Site Installation Governorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Island, NY

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Cultivating Convergences Competition for WPA 2.0 in collaboration with Professor Joyce Hwang, and students Nicole Marple, Michael Pudlewski, Duane Warren + Alexandra Lima We propose to resuscitate decaying infrastructural artifacts by cultivating a new set of convergences between natural ecosystems and constructed infrastructure. The principal aims of this project are to enable the development of local agricultural ecologies, as well as the propagation of new opportunities for leisure. By beginning a process of increasing public interest and visibility of this area, we hope to increase its economic and social potential for the city of Buffalo, New York.

Cultivating Ecosystems over time: 3 Phase Process

PAST grain processing diagram > linear, regional distribution

CURRENT and FUTURE food production diagram > scattered, local distribution

Phase 1: Planting

Phase 2: Cultivating

Phase 3: Sustaining 96


ORCHESTRATING ECOSYSTEMIC CONVERGENCES Seasonal Mapping This cyclical diagram investigates the relationship between the annual growing cycle of crops grown in Buffalo, the pests that affect them, natural pesticides and pollinators, and associated leisure activities.

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Bat House Led by: Professor Joyce Hwang Design and Construction Collaborators: Laura Schmitz, Thomas Giannino, Michael Pudlewski, Nicole Marple, Mark Nowaczyk, Dan Dimillo, Matt Salzer, Jake West, Joshua Gardner, Joey Swerdlin

Braille Labeling System }#/  *  )/    /#       )})/    #  / J"    ~     /    #" Â&#x20AC; /  "

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installed bat house promotes natural â&#x20AC;&#x153;pest controlâ&#x20AC;? in public park and has increased awareness about batsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; threatening white-nose syndrome

Bat House installed at   %# # &< }Â Fall 2010 approximately 12â&#x20AC;&#x2122; high and 4â&#x20AC;&#x2122; wide

)})/   / /<    / in units in school shop and transported to site

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Undergraduate Design Portfolio  

Undergraduate Design Portfolio from University at Buffalo, where I earned a Bachelor of Science in Architecture

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