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Symphony No. 7 in A major, Opus 92 composed 1811-12 IT SEEMS FITTING

by

Ludwig van

BEETHOVEN born December 16, 1770 Bonn died March 26, 1827 Vienna

Severance Hall 2012-13

that the Seventh Symphony, Beethoven’s greatest demonstration of the compelling power of rhythm, received its first hearing through the efforts of Johann Nepomuk Mälzel, inventor of the metronome. Mälzel has been described by one Beethoven biographer as “part Edison and part Barnum,” and while he is best remembered today for the little ticking box that has held generations of music students to the rhythmic straight and narrow, it was more extravagant contraptions, such as the Mechanical Chess Player and the Mechanical Trumpet, with which he mesmerized the public during his lifetime. Beethoven delighted in all sorts of modern devices, and was pleased to compose his bombastic Wellington’s Victory for another Mälzel instrument, the orchestra-imitating Panharmonicon. To help promote this confluence of two very different kinds of genius — his own mechanical and Beethoven’s compositional — Mälzel proposed a triumphal tour of England, to be funded by a series of concerts in Vienna. (The tour never came off, owing to a dispute between the two men over performing and publishing rights to the music.) The first concert would benefit Austrian soldiers wounded in the Napoleonic Wars; if that concert succeeded, there would be no problem selling tickets to repeat performances, which would be for the benefit of Mälzel and Beethoven. The latter’s new orchestral arrangement of Wellington’s Victory would attract patriotic Austrians to the concert, Mälzel’s Mechanical Trumpet would be heard in marches by Dussek and Pleyel, and, for connoisseurs, there would be a chance to hear an “entirely new symphony” Beethoven had recently finished, his Seventh. To assure the event’s drawing power, Mälzel lined up an allstar orchestra, with the great Schuppanzigh and Spohr leading the violins, the composer Meyerbeer and pianists Hummel and Moscheles playing drums and cymbals, and the venerable Salieri (rival of Mozart, teacher of Beethoven and Schubert) cuing the fanfares and salvos. (The presence of the 15-year-old Schubert at this concert has not been documented, but it seems likely, in view of the importance of the event and the strong rhythmic influence of the Seventh Symphony in Schubert’s later compositions.) In rehearsal, the famous Beethoven temper was not in About the Music

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The Cleveland Orchestra February 14-16 Concerts  

Herbert Blomstedt Conducts Beethoven's Seventh