Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2019 Low Su Myn
Student Number: 950871 Sean Guy + Studio 13
Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.
According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)
Diagrams are a tool which can describe relationship in space. How the diagram is portrayed correlates to ultimately the performance. Diagrams have the potential to bring about organisation with a variety of readings. Signs on the other hand are related to icons, index and symbols. All three of which are expressed, influenced by its dynamic object does not have relevance to its performance. They also have relationships between the form and content. Diagrams are projective and bring new organisation and possibilities, differing from signs and symbols. It also creates communication for comprehension to be clearer.
Image 1: Perspective view of
bottom layer transition
from curve to polysurface.
Image 2: Elevation of top layer
formed through command
Image 3: Plan of the pavillion
Images of the plan and elevations were used as references as starting points in modelling the summer house to scale in Rhino. The model was formed accordingly from the seating (bottom) layer to the top. InterpCrv was used to form the curves which were then extruded to the correct heights and OffsetSrf was the command used to form polysurfaces. The top surface required the command: Project for a more accurate slope.
Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)
Herxberger states that he believes that spaces should “accommodate potential”, meaning that it should be used to the best of its possibilities. Space should be appropriated. The Summer House by Barkow Leibinger is unique in this sense as it is essentially plywood being looped and then stacked on top of each other with a total of four layers. As said by Barkow Leibinger, “it is like a piece of furniture”. Hence, it functions with that ideology. It acts as a place to sit on (seatings), sit within spaces formed from the loops and even as a canopy. The thresholds are found within each layer are interesting and alter feelings of intimacy depending on the space movement is occurring. The pavillion sympathises with its natural surroundings in terms of materials and the form of being almost tree like.
Barkow Leibinger - Serpentine Summer House.
The isometric of the summer house is showcased from the Southwest angle because it depicted the beautiful curvatures of the layers in the summer house. The top roof layer can be seen to have different height curves looped around from this view. Throughout the modelling process, the most important factor and most considerationwent into the top roof layer. Reason being, the slope of the curves vary and bend in different ways. To achieve a curve as accurate as possible, elevations and plans were used with eference images. In regards to the circulation of the summer house, it revolves around the top two layer roofs as a guide to the user. It allows fluid movement but organised due to the three main spaces containing seats to enggage in resting or stagnant action. Hence, the summer house allows for various movement and action. On the other hand, thresholds can be seen in every single stacked layer of plywood found within the summer house. The movement through space changes through each layer. The seat lining, three walls, encapsulating roof are considered thresholds. The three walls in particular act as the semi public semi private threshold. The density and privacy converges towards the seats.
Week Two Diagrams
Canopy Layer 1 Outer Circulation Space
Canopy Layer 2
Primary Accessible Space
Separate Internal Spaces
Intimacy Seating PUBLIC
The thresholds of the summer house can be depicted through the roof structure which allow for shade. This is further emphasised in the three walls which are clear thresholds of the summer house. The three walls allow for the space to be semi private and open up to the park. The separation of the layers create penetrable thresholds. In addition, this correlates to the way people are free to the way they want to use the summer house whether as a canopy or simply to sit and rest.
The circulation (movement through space) of the summer house is organised and set in realms projecting to different views of the park, its context. The idea of looping stacked paper particularly on the top cantilevered roof and the one below it guides through the general movement being more fluid. Furthermore, the seating generally positioned in the center of the summer house (seating), attracts a stagnant and resting state with the accompaniment of the movement through these three spaces.
Process carried on Rhino 1)
Using the plan and elevation views given, they were imported into rhino and were vital at ensuring scaling and proportions of the summer house were accurate. 4)
The command: “InterpCrv” was used to construct precise curves to the plan and consequently extruded and then also “OffsetSrf” to create a polysurface. 5)
Photogaphs of the summer house like the one above was extremely useful in gaining a deeper comprehension of the ways the looping of the plywood functioned.
The top layer of the summer house consisted of curves with different slopes. To allow for this, the command “project” was used. First, the curve had to be drawn from the plan. Another curve of from the slope is drawn from the elevation and extruded out. The curve from the plan is then projected on the surface of the extrusion.
The summer house was exploded into parts to create the two diagrams; circulation diagram and threshold diagram. In order to do this, the make2D command was necessary at an isometric view.
Process carried out on Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop 1)
Using Adobe Illustrator enabled line weights to be changed and adding of guidelines. This occurred for both the main isometric and exploded isometric diagrams. 3)
Adobe Photoshop was helpful with adding colour using Paint Bucket Tool and also altering opacity alongside gradience to achieve colour desired.
The Sun image projecting shadows formed from the summer house structure can be overlapped with the line from the command â€œMake2Dâ€? on Adobe Photoshop.
The Live Paint Bucket tool is good for inserting colour and texture onto the surface of the summer house for a more realistic display. Multiplying layers and changing opacity was also utilised.
Image 1: Plan of diagram coloured to gain a
better view of the layers found within the
summer house itself.
Image 2: North Elevation of the summer house. Image 3: South Elevation of the summer house. Image 4: East Elevation of the summer house. Image 5: West Elevation of the summer house.
References Image References Page3 Summer house designed by Barkow Leibinger AmericanGerman, 2016, photograph viewed 14 March 2019, <http://www.titien.net/search/Titien/page/18/> Page 7 Baan, I 2016, Serpentine Summer House 2016, photograph, viewed 15 March 2019, <https://archinect.com/news/article/149950793/inside-barkowleibinger-s-serpentine-pavilion-summer-house>
Reading References Reading week 1 Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters. Reading week 2 Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture.