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Taking the Car out of Carbon:

Sustainable and Innovative Mobility

Low Carbon City, Medellin October 12, 2016

Projjal K. Dutta, AIA, LEED AP Director, Sustainability Initiatives

pdutta@mtahq.org (212) 878 1065 www.mta.info/sustainability twitter: @projjal takingthecaroutofcarbon.tumblr.com


What is SustainableMobility? It is Sustainable for the Planet & People! It is Resilient It leverages information It uses decarbonized fuel


Energy Consumption & Sustainability: Macroview


Energy Consumption by Sector, 2005 Germany

China

India

10%

12%

29%

38% 56%

USA

27%

26% 40%

2% 1% 3%

4%

3%

10% 30%

4%

4%

1%

Source: World Resources Institute


Total Energy Consumption per Capita, 2012

USA 285 MBTUs Colombia 28 MBTUs

Germany 159 MBTUs

China 72 MBTUs

India 23 MBTUs

Source: WB World Development Indicators


Total Energy Consumption per Capita, 2011

New York 185 MBTUs

NYC 88.5 MBTUs

California 209 MBTUs Texas 476 MBTUs

Source: Energy Information Administration


Energy Consumption & Sustainability: Microview


Energy Consumption: Tall Urban Building vs. Low-Rise Office Park


Energy Consumption: Tall Urban Building vs. Low-Rise Office Park

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Energy Consumption: Tall Urban Building vs. Low-Rise Office Park


Energy Consumption: Tall Urban Building vs. Low-Rise Office Park

Commute: 210,000 BTU/sq ft-yr •  30 mi. round trip •  Private Car, 15 mpg, 1 passenger •  300 sq.ft. per person, 252 days per year Commute: 41,000 BTU/sq ft-yr • 30 mi. round trip • Diesel Bus, 4 mpg, 20 passengers • 300 sq.ft. per person, 252 days per year


GHG Per Person: Kg CO2E (Carbon dioxide equivalent) pa.

Source: Journal of Urban Planning and Development, Norman, March 2006


Public Transportation and Public Health


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Vehicle Miles Traveled trend-lines


Obesity Trend-lines


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1999

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

≥20%

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2008

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

25%–29%

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

≥30%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2010

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

25%–29%

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

≥30%

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Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2008

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Inverse Correlation


Sustainable mobility = Transit + Bicycling + Walking

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Sustainable mobility = Transit + Bicycling + Walking

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Sustainable mobility = Transit + Bicycling + Walking

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Sustainable mobility = Transit + Bicycling + Walking

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Adaptation and Climate Change


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All Electric Buses


AEB Key benefits include

• Zero emissions • Very low noise • Simple Propulsion System • Deployment-ready technology • Strengthen commitment to deployment of The MTA & Electric Vehicles: Intial Plan Cost

new technology in cost effective manner


AEB Challenges include

•  •  •  •  •  • 

Managing electricity cost Street charger installations Extensive systems engineering expertise required Regulations and permits Proprietary charging protocols Resiliency


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100 AEBs in North America operated by 20 Transit systems

723 New AEB orders placed in 2016 from transit systems in Chicago, Seattle, Foothill and Antelope Valley

>20% Annual Market Growth based on confirmed orders in North America


2,000 Number of AEBs manufactured by BYD for operation in China today


5 en-route charging buses


5 overnight charging buses

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17 in the Bronx

44 in Queens

13 in Manhattan

25 in Brooklyn 1 in Staten Island


We are evaluating the M42


to give you an ideaâ&#x20AC;¦ kW


Two Routes in London : Full-Electric Conversion


Can sustainable mobility be valued in money?


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Transit GHG Emissions Typology

APTA Climate Change Standards Working Group


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Total: 2.1 million metric tons

Non-Revenue Fleet -Traction

5% Electricity - Non-traction

Electricity-Traction

13% Transit Effect Multiplier = 8.24 3%For every unit of GHG that the MTA33% emits

Heating - Non-traction

It helps avoid 8.24 units In the net it helps avoid about 17million metric tonnes

46%

@ $30 / ton ~ 500 million

Revenue Fleet Fuel -Traction

Currently un-recognized and un-compensated

MTA GHG Emissions, 2009


www.mta.info/sustainability


Summary

As societies develop/ industrialize, their energy needs rise.

Transportation emerges as a major consumer of energy.

Automobile-based paradigm with corollary suburban sprawl is wasteful and unsustainable

Sustainable Urban Growth has to embrace mass-transit and support density

Non-motoriezed

Designing the right carbon-

transportation options have to be plentiful and inexpensive

constrained system can generate resources to climate-proof transit


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Taking the Car out of Carbon:

Sustainable and Innovative Mobility

Low Carbon City, Medellin October 12, 2016

Projjal K. Dutta, AIA, LEED AP Director, Sustainability Initiatives

pdutta@mtahq.org (212) 878 1065 www.mta.info/sustainability twitter: @projjal takingthecaroutofcarbon.tumblr.com

Projjal K. Dutta (Sustainability Initiatives at Metropolitan Transportation Authority New York)  

Keynote : Movilizacion e Innovation para los Retos Climáticos (12 de octubre del 2016)

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