KNITTING BASICS Knitting is an enjoyable hobby once youâ€™ve mastered the techniques. This instruction pamphlet will show you all the basics you need to create most of our projects.
Slip knot Wind the yarn around two fingers twice. Insert a knitting needle through the first (front) strand and under the second (back) one. Using the needle, pull the back strand through the front one to form a loop. Pull the ends of the yarn so that the loop tightens around the needle.
THE STITCHES Cast on (co)
Knit stitch (k)
Hold the needle with the slip knot in your left hand and the other needle in your right. With the working end (the one attached to your ball of yarn), bring the yarn under and around the point of the right-hand needle.
Holding the yarn at the back of the work, away from you, insert the tip of the right-hand needle into the first stitch from front to back.
Bring the yarn under the tip of the right-hand needle and wrap the yarn over the needle.
Bring the tip of the right-hand needle, and the yarn wrapped around it, through the stitch.
Slip the original stitch off of the lefthand needle. The knitted stitch is now complete.
Bring the tip of the right-hand needle, and the yarn wrapped around it, through the stitch and towards you.
Pull gently until the loop is large enough to slip it over the tip of the left-hand needle. Take the right-hand needle out of the loop and pull the working end of the yarn so that the loop fits snugly around the left-hand needle. Repeat these steps until you have the required number of stitches on the left-hand needle.
INCREASING Purl stitch (p)
Holding yarn at the front of the work, insert the tip of the right-hand needle into the first stitch from back to front.
Take the yarn over the right-hand needle then wrap it under and around.
Make one (m1)
Work to the position of the increase and pull the tips of the needles apart slightly. You will see that there is a horizontal strand of yarn lying between the stitches. From the front, slip the tip of the right-hand needle under this strand.
Lift the strand and, from the front, slip the tip of the left-hand needle under it. Remove the right-hand needle, leaving the strand on the left-hand needle.
Knit into the back of the loop on the left-hand needle. You have made a completely new stitch and so increased by one stitch.
Bring the tip of the right-hand needle, and the yarn wrapped around it, backwards through the stitch.
Slip the original stitch off of the lefthand needle.
DECREASING Increase one knitwise (inc)/ Knit front and back (kfb)
Knit two stitches together (k2tog)
Knit the stitch, but do not slip the original stitch off the left-hand needle.
From front to back, put the tip of the right-hand needle into the next two stitches on the left-hand needle. Knit the two stitches together in the usual way as if they were one.
Purl two stitches together (p2tog)
Put the tip of the right-hand needle into the back of the same stitch on the left-hand needle. Wrap the yarn around the right-hand needle in the same way you usually would to knit a stitch. Put the tip of the right-hand needle into the next two stitches on the left-hand needle purlwise. Purl the two stitches together as one.
Bring the needle, and the yarn wrapped around it, through the stitch and now slip the original stitch off the left-hand needle. You have made two stitches out of one and so increased by one stitch.
FINISHING Casting (binding) off
Knit the first two stitches in the usual way.
Slip the tip of the left-hand needle into the first stitch you knitted onto the right-hand needle. Lift it over the second stitch you knitted and drop it off the needle. You now have only one stitch on the right-hand needle. Knit another stitch from the left-hand needle and then pass the previous stitch you knitted over it. Continue in this way until you have one stitch remaining on right-hand needle.
Cut the yarn leaving a 15cm (6in) tail to sew in later (page 200). Put the cut end through the remaining stitch and pull it tight.
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