ROME Juan Samayoa Kathlen Molina Cristian Tol Fernando Suarez Lourdes Cabrera
The Romans considerate themselves as very religious, and attributed their success as a world power in maintaining good relation with the gods. Religion depended on correct knowledge and practice of prayer, ritual and sacrifice, not faith or dogma, although Latin literature preserves learned about nature of the divine and human affairs. Because the Romans had never been forced to grow a single god or worship, religious tolerance was not a problem in the sense that it is for competing monotheistic systems.
Roman Catholicism The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over one billion members worldwide. It is one of the oldest institutions in the world. The Church teaches that the one true Church is divinely founded by Jesus Christ, The Catholic Church is Trinitarian and defines its mission as spreading the Gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity. The Church teaches that the bread and wine used in the Mass become the body and blood of Christ through transubstantiation. The Catholic Church is the largest non-governmental provider of education and medical services in the world. Spiritual Catholic teaching emphasizes the spread of the Gospel message and the growth of spiritual discipline through spiritual works of mercy. The Church celebrates the Blessed Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus Christ
From its inception until Julius Caesar, Rome is a Republic, controlled by consuls, who were responsible for carrying out the orders of the senate in various aspects such as management, command the army and defend the republic. The Roman government was a strange mix of a democracy and a republic. An interesting fact is that the people of Rome took many of their ideas of government from the Ancient Greeks. The Roman state was described as the republic and its consuls, or chief magistrates, continued to be appointed even after the establishment of one-man rule under the empire, but in its pure form it lasted only until the beginning of the first century B.C.
Goverment When Julius Caesar is assassinated by members of the Senate, the civil war begins. Octavio Augusto wins and becomes Emperor and the Empire begins. the Senate still exists but now under the Emperor, who rules directly handles all power: runs the army controls the finances. Octavio becomes a dictator and no one has more power than him.
Ancient Rome Goverment
The Roman economy was underdeveloped. The masses lived at subsistence level, or close to it. It's preindustrial, with a large proportion of the labor force concentrated in the field, which is the main way for investment and also the main source of wealth, in turn, investment in manufacturing is low. The technology behind a barrier which hinders the increase of productivity. In ancient Rome, the small cottage industry predominated, were staple items and cheap and the demand for them was constant.
Romans spoke Latin (Latin is the mother tongue of Spanish, Portuguese, French and Italian). Now, Latin it’s a dead language because is no country still speak it.
Social Organization In the Ancient Rome, Social organization was • in social organization the first was Cease and his family • the noble or bourgeois • Military • the lowest were the gladiators. in Roman society was not feasible to class up, unless you were supplanting another.
LANGUAGE & SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
In Rome took place a lively social and commercial life. Its economic prosperity and the fact that the political capital combined to their urban plant to fill with beautiful statues, imposing buildings, and memorial arches and columns of military triumphs.
Roman mythology is formed by the legends and myths of the polytheistic religion practiced in ancient Rome. Most of the deities of the Roman pantheon gods come from Greece that supplanted the local deities with some rare exceptions.
The Roman family consisted of all living under the authority of the head of household, including slaves naturally.
How having fun The Roman people in his spare time witnessed bloody battles in the circus and enjoyed public restrooms.
Used clothes white robes for adults, and children used to use a white robe with purple ornaments. The conquerors in their entrance wearing a robe embroidered with gold palms. The emperors wielded the robe made entirely of purple.
Roman Circus The Roman Circus is one of the most important recreational facilities Roman cities. Along with the theater and the amphitheater is the trilogy of equipment to entertain citizens. He was destined to careers and performances commemorating the events of the Empire, some of which were naval battles for which the circus is filled with water.
CUSTOMS & TRADITIONS
• April 21 is celebrated with performances in costumes, musical events and recreational events; they celebrate the day that Rome was founded. • On 1 May, the Feast of workers: unions united organized a free concert in the Plaza Porta San Giovanni in Laterano, which is attended by hundreds of thousands of spectators. • The Republic Day, June 2, takes place the traditional military parade along the Via dei Fori Imperiali ending in Piazza Venezia, in front of the Altar of the Fatherland. • The Feast of Noantri takes place in Trastevere. It is celebrated on the first Saturday after July 16 on the occasion of the cult of the Virgin of Carmel.
Folklore A Roman folk custom is now dives into the Tiber during New Year celebrations. Daring divers plunge into the cold waters, internationally publicized custom media.
Rome is a city rich in traditions, myths, legends, and folklore costumes, from antiquity and throughout the Middle Ages, age at which flourished many popular accounts, in which the religious sphere joined the magical world combined the sacred with the profane. For its unique features, one of the areas in which Rome is still possible to trace fragments and encouragement of popular culture is the picturesque Trastevere quarter, with its narrow roads, their trattorias, medieval churches and hill called Janiculum, 107 Trastevere is just emerging in the Folklore Museum and Poets Romanesque, which houses documents of everyday life and Roman traditions, among which are the watercolors of Ettore Roesler Franz over Rome missing, In the neighborhood Europe also is the National Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions, which includes traditional material and folclorístico-popular from Italy.
CUSTOMS & TRADITIONS
Romans made sculptures of gods, heroes, emperors, generals and politicians. They also used sculpted images to adorn the capitals of columns and the helmets of gladiators. Works that have survived are in the durable medium of fresco that was used to adorn the interiors of private homes in Roman cities and in the countryside. Colors were applied to the top layer while it was wet. This made the fresco durable and able to hold up well over a long period of time. • Bust of Augustus • The Triunphal Arch in Rome(Arch of Constantine) • Augustus of Prima Porta • Equestrian Marcus Aurelius
Literature The Literature Of Ancient Rome produced many works of poetry, comedy, tragedy, satire, history, and rhetoric. Many of eh ancient works were recorded on latin. • Livy • Virgil • Horace
ART & LITERATURE
Architecture Painting Sculpture Aqueducts The Latin; language mother and the origin of romance languages • The Roman literature and history • The "public works" that the Romans built to the utility of the people. • • • • •
Contributions Roman culture gave to our society