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B. Architectural Computing | M. Architecure 2012 - 2018 | Yaoyu Xiao |

Portfolio


CONTENT

A 006

004

RESUME

008 012 016 020 024 026 028

STEP-IN HOUSE PAVILLION KINDERGARTEN GENESEE TERRACE TOWN CENTER HEALTHY HOUSING CROCE TERRACE

B 032

032 034 038 040

RENDERING MODELING GRAPHIC DESIGN VISION DIARY


Expertise Skill - Graphic Design Brochure | Package | Poster | Web-Page - Hand Model making Cardboard | Foamboard | Polywood - Photography ●●●●○ Architectural Style | Free-Style

Software - Graphic ●●●●○ Illustrator, Indesign, Lightroom, Photoshop

YAOYU(LORRAIN)

- Modeling ●●●●○ ArchiCAD, AutoCAD, Revit, 3Ds MAX, SketchUp, Rhino + Grasshopper

XIAO

- Real-Time Environment Rendering ●●●●○ CryEngine, Lumion 3D

TEL. (585)-487-9722

- Additional ●●●○○ After Effects, Dreamweaver, MS Office set.

EMAIL yx4250@g.rit.edu ADD. 4 Town Circle Henrietta, NY 14623

Language Chinese (first language) English (fluent)

4


Education Master of Architecture 2017 - Now Rochester Institute of Technology - Rochester, USA - Architecture Design Studio - Sustainability in Architectural Design - Urban and Regional Planning

Bachelor of Architectural Computing 2012 - 2015 University of New South Wales - Sydney, Australia -

Architectural Design Studio Architectural Model Making Building Information Modelling Digital Modelling, Visualization and Representation Drawing and Graphic Design for Architects

Practical Experience June - July 2013, June - July 2014 Intership in Landscape Architecture & Architecture Design Studio as draftman assistant. Central-South Architectural Design Institute Co.,Ltd ( Wuhan, China )

Feburary - December 2015 Intership in BIM & Architecture Design Studio assist the visual specialist for building. Central-South Architectural Design Institute Co.,Ltd ( Wuhan, China )

Feburary 2016 - 2017 Work as architecture design draftman at the BIM Center. CITIC General Intitute of Architectural Design and Research Co.,Ltd ( Wuhan, China )


A Instead of Architectural Design, Computational Architectural leads me into multiple aspects virtually. The portfolio is a series of architecture projects, which display the capacity for architecture to deal with dual motives, embedded agendas, and multiplicities. It is an exercise and project of my enlightenment and challenge that I keep promoting to representing a new type of architecture base on the pragmatism.

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Master of Architecture Program at RIT ARCH 789 - 09 Special Topics: Healthy Housing Design Fall Semester 2017 Professor Jules Chiavaroli

PROPOSAL ADDRESS: 582 Upper Falls Blvd Rochester, NY 14605

SHEET 1

Lorrain Xiao

“A person's health is a product of their environment. As such, a healthy community is one in which all residents have access to a quality education, safe and healthy homes, adequate employment, transportation, physical activity, and nutrition, in addition

PROJECT BACKGROUND

to quality health care. “ The project purpose is to set up a healthy, racial, affordable and demographical place of neighboring in

The background history of Hudson Community starts

Hudson Avenue Community. To have a rough exploring of the history and current statement of Hudson Community, I am now have

about two centuries ago, Irish immigrations developed

few ideas that come up as my first step’s proposal to do.

the original town in 1820. The population then grown with mainly Eastern and Southern Europeans,

PROJECT GOAL

some of the earlier residents moved further north of Rochester because of the overcrowding. The first

- Delectable Public Area

time people faced the overcrowding and unsafe

From what I learnt from Wikipedia, and my personal experience

housing problem is in the 20th century, people

from my hometown, the relationship between people who live

suffered with deplorable labor and poor public health

in the community is the most important element to connect ev-

conditions problems. Then in early 1935, social

erything together as a whole. The reason people currently suf-

workers, mainly African-American residents made up

fering with the safety issue and the population is getting down

50 percentage of the neighborhood population in

are probably because of the neighbors don’t get along well.

this community. From that time, a large number of

And people have not much space to hole some community

vacant single-family house on the side of the streets

event or place to celebrate special festivals. As long as there is

were demolished, while some newer infill housing

a reasonable public area could allow everyone enjoy as much as

has been built. Currently, New York is in the process

they can, the atmosphere in a community would not be too ter-

of redevelopment of its urban core and surrounding

rible. Living in a harmony neighboring relationship will radically

neighborhoods, and Northeast section of Rochester is

solve the problem of loosing residences.

among the neighborhood that is a focus of the city’s effort, so that, the whole Hudson community is under

- Tiny & Exquisite Housing

sustainable developing construction. Some brand

As the clients’ requirements, the project is supposed to have

new buildings are under construction, solar panel

attractive and affordable houses, which also concerned to have

and inspect sensor are designed both interior and

latest technology and diversity with the styles. The first idea that

exterior. As the residents required, modern technology

came up into my mind is a traditional hosing planning in China,

involved into energy efficiency should be considerable

it’s called Weiwu (means Enclosed). People have their neighbor

design as part of the housing building, both aesthetics

very close to each other and can share a public area in the cen-

structures and useful architectural design are expected

tral of the building.

to include.

PROJECT SITE ANALYZE The managers from Hudson Community come with some specific needs about housing design concept. The purpose is to help to build friendly, healthy and financial equilibrium neighbors.

From the meeting, the main concept of the following design steps becomes more explicit.

To improve neighborhood relationship in long term lasting is necessary to be concern. At

The proposal of this project is going to have an aggregation character and round-shape (semi-

present, most community activities are hold in Baden Park, which is locate on the Upper

enclosed) houses that:

Falls Boulevard, somehow people are expecting more activities move on in the community.

Deliverable (material reserve system);

Especially for children, people concerned about young generation should get involve with

Walkable (walking distance to main facility building);

sustainable lifestyle within their future life style. So that, educating structure development

Sustainable (energy efficiency techniques both interior and exterior structure);

should be considered, new generational education with sustainable awareness, people need to

These key points could allow people participating on the same goal that improve their community facilities and infrastructure construction. So that, a housing community where the

training with how to along with new technology uses in sustainability.

quality of it’s reflected in economic, social and culture diversity, vibrant activity and growth with From the interviewed to local residents, few things have been updated to project goal.

young generation, and sustainability through efficient systems can be set up.

Commercial buildings within the community are currently not a priori request, as a feedback

TOWNHOUSE

PAVILLION

KINDERGARTEN

ARCH1101 - Architectural Design Studio 1 Semester1 2012

ARCH1201 - Architectural Design Studio 3 Semester1 2013

ARCH1391 - Digital Computation Studio Semester2 2013

given by community managers. However, in the future construction stage, they may have some considerable commercial buildings for economy development. The most priori concerns of the community housing design are, people asking to have site control of residential and retails in both short and long term, the improvement of the housing style should not or least impact to their current life. Rather than drive cars, people would like to have “walkable” community, basically residents are allowed walking to community, walking to grocery stores, walking to school… Also, people are suffering in peace lost situation within their current neighbor, a physically and financially healthy community is pressingly needed. Encouraging people with financial supporting as a foundation to help construct and develop the community is important. Moreover, inside the community, a deliverable system connect with residents should be considered, because providing maximum conveniences to elderly is very important for humanity reason.

1 ” = 50 ‘

UPPER FALLS BLVD SITE PLAN

OFFICE

COMMERICAL

COMMUNITY(HOUSING)

RESIDENTIAL

M. ARCH STUDIO PROJECT RIT

M. ARCH STUDIO PROJECT RIT

M. ARCH SCHOLORSHIP COURSE RIT

M. ARCH STUDIO PROJECT RIT

Fall 2017

Fall 2017

Spring 2018

Spring 2018


S t e p - i n

H o u s e

This project is about dealing with a long, narrow space that locate in a low gradient street block. Surrounding with two-three floors residential house, and the building required to have a restaurant as ground level and living area on the second level. The requirements of the building: double-function, which means the circulation can not only meet the demand of a layer of the restaurant, people who living on the second level required to have their own access.

8


Concept model development.

Normally people would take the main street, so the separation of circulation for restaurant guests is applied from the street level, where the house owner has their own access straight to the second level through the right and backside of the building. On the other side, the house-owner will experience a stair tunnel and then welcomed by backyard before step into the house at back street.

Fig. Bird-view of the building, trees become part of the building.

Fig. Back street view of the building, stairs entry of the house..

The project location is sits on the site with some trees, keep those plants as many as possible could make sure the building surrounding with a natural system-a unique feature which provides the health function for the human body; fresh air, eye care green and shelter in summer.

Fig. Trees could be a natural oxygen exchange system.


Supplement the natural light with open a dormant window in the middle of the corridor, and voiding the floor slab to allow the sunlight get into the ground level as well. At the same time, the inner courtyard by natural soil and tree to give the guests and house-owner more comfort in the middle of dense area. The tree has no enough height to appear from second floor’s void yet. To guarantee the tree can be live, there is a sky light right above the void to

Fig. Ground Floor Plan.

distribute light supply and oxygen exchange.

Dinning Room

Bedroom Flower Terrace

Pool

Bar

Dinning Hall

Courtyard

Fig. First Floor Plan.

Living Room

Kitchen

Toilet

Storage

10

Fig. Longitudinal Section though. 1:50


Fig. Street view rendering from eastwestern.

Fig. Back street view rendering.

Usually natural and artificial light are best friends to a long, narrow space. Bright illumination makes a cramped space feel more energetic and cheery. An extended room or hallway that lacks the brightening effects of the natural and artificial light generates a dreary, depressing mood.

Fig. Front door section though.


C o n c r e t e

S l i c e s

This project presents the design concept of a temporary pavilion design for the Kensington campus, in the University of New South Wales. The location has been specified in the middle of the campus. Instead of the university mall, I choose the Science Green as the project site. There are several trees arranged around the lawn, in my idea, the powerful presence of nature on this site helps the relaxing process of student in need in their daily studies.

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Upper Campus

Volumes on the site Electrical Engineering

University of New South Wales Kensington Campus

Canteen

Shift create circulation Robert Webster Science Theater Faculty of Physics Faculty of Mathematics

10 mins walk 5 mins walk 1 min walk

Cafeteria

Massing applied (push / pull)

Physics Theater

Faculty of Chemical Sciences Faculty of Built Environment

Building Entry Pavilion Site Regular Circulation Pavilion Circulation U

ity ers ni v

ll Ma

Segements applied (push / pull)

Lower Campus

Sports Ground

A pavilion is normally a place to allow people feel free to have short or long break as their needs. There are five different trees randomly grown in the Science Green Lawn. In my project, the model is designed as several boxes that come and surrounded by trees. Different trees growth differently, so I push and pull these boxes to different height and slices each of the box come with a hilltop. And I’m thinking to have the trees as a part of my pavilion but the construction will not impact their growing at all. People could pass through all the boxes, and will not be restricted by trees.

Segments shifted

Fig. Front section of each box.

Slice volumes


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D r e a m

C a s t l e

This project aimed to evaluating the spatial planning skills in a medium scale kindergarten. This scheme aimed to reinterpret the open-air movement in a modern way and bring happiness, health and joyful time to the kids. The model is designed as a unity of several volumes, each of the volume has an individual function and the whole scheme also provides kids and staff with abundant outdoor space and public spaces. This new interpretation of Open Air Space comes up with a resolution of kindergarten within the urban context.

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?

Museum Paine Reserve

High School

High Cross Park

Brigidine College

1. The site is a triangular shaped site adjacent to a shopping street. The hospital and high school are located two blocks away.

2. Proposing a volume in the site to form a playground area and the major building.

3. Dividing the volume into several parts for different function and accommodate the openings of each blocks to the outside.

4. Adjusting the staff office and dinning hall into specific angles. The dormitory and library are arranged as an L-shaped plan.

5. A double height classroom space is formed as an atrium. The dormitory is the tallest volume in the unity. Lights are introduced through the curtain wall.

6. Forming each volumes with roof. Vertical and horizontal circulations are located according to the functional zones.

Baker Park

Fig. Street view of the project and part of Randwick.

The site is located within the boundary of the urban center of Randwick, adjacent to the University of New South Wales. The context gathers several critical city infrastructure including hospital, shopping mall, university and a large area of residence.


N

7

9 向上

8

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

6

向下

8

Classroom Corridor Classroom Classroom Balcony Dormitory Cabinet Hand Sink Stairs

3 5

2

1

4

Fig. 2nd floor plan. 1:

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The activity hall provides teaching staff and students with a semi-public space during the breaks of the classes. Each of the classrooms has a unique shape that allowed for different uses. Elder kids might need larger space so the whole thrid floor is use as study area. Younger kids might prefer lower bed set and elder kids prefer bunk bed, so there are two different bed sets in dormitory building.

Fig. West side facade/section.


G

e

n

e

s

e

e

T

e

r

r

a

c

e

This project specific aims of developing an awareness of the scope of urban design, an appreciation of the physical structure of places, an understanding of shaping built form, a familiarity with a range of building typologies, and an appreciation of current urban design issues and debates. Particular aspects could be reviewed include specific site analysis methodology, establishing urban planning and design principles, mapping and spatial understanding, design review criteria and mechanisms of development control. Building on Exchange Blvd are mixed-use, office, retail and garage space on the first floor occupied space in order with specific entry. The large scale of curtain wall on the narrow street side could allow more natural light and airflow into the building to refresh the air. And there are 64 room units in total and included with 5 different room types that can be satisfied by people from different groups.

20


22


T

o

w

n

C

e

n

t

e

r

East Rochester was originally called Despatch because of its proximity to the railroad. The word came from the name of the first major company to locate here, the Merchants Despatch Transportation Company, most often referred to as the Carshops. Like other American towns, East Rochester sprang up during the industrial revolution in the 1800s. The railroad line that was built through town offered a direct link to Rochester making it a convenient place to work and/or commute. Although the industries that helped establish East Rochester have since closed, new industries have replaced them. Thus the working class spirit of the village continues today.

24


SITE PLAN & STREET PERSPECTIVE RENDERING

THE VIEW FROM THE SOUTHEAST CORNER

1

STREET SECTION 1 / 8” = 1’ - 0”

N

VIEW FROM MAIN ENTRANCE

ALTERNATE SOUTHEAST VIEW

A multi-use building to create an edge along Main Street is required. The exact shape and configuration is flexible. Although it must conform to the zoning height limitation of 3 stories, it could also be 2 or some combination.

VIEW SHOWING ENCLOSED ENTRANCE AREA

ARCH 731 Architecutral Studio: Site Fall Semester 2017 Professor Jules Chiavaroli

1b: Programming Kaytlyn Johnson & Lorrain Xiao Project 02: East Rochester Village Retrofit Architectural Studio I: Site ARCH 731.01 Master of Architecture Program at RIT

2

SITE PLAN 1 / 32” = 1’ - 0”

Sheet 3

PROJECT NAME: VILLAGE RETROFITTING ADDRESS: 300 MAIN STREET, EAST ROCHESTER Lorrain Xiao


C

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m

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H

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a

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y

H

o

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s

i

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The project purpose is to set up a healthy, racial, affordable and demographical place of neighboring in Hudson Avenue Community. To have a rough exploring of the history and current statement of Hudson Community, I am now have few ideas that come up as my rst step’s proposal to do.

26


From the interviewed to local residents, few things have been updated to project goal. Commercial buildings within the community are currently not a priori request, as a feedback given by community managers. However, in the future construction stage, they may have some considerable commercial buildings for economy development.

The most priori concerns of the community housing design are, people asking to have site control of residential and retails in both short and long term, the improvement of the housing style should not or least impact to their current life. Rather than drive cars, people would like to have “walkable� community, basically residents are allowed walking to community, walking to grocery stores, walking to school... Also, people are suffering in peace lost situation within their current neighbor, a physically and nancially healthy community is pressingly needed. Encouraging people with nancial supporting as a foundation to help construct and develop the community is important. Moreover, inside the community, a deliverable system connect with residents should be considered, because providing maximum conveniences to elderly is very important for humanity reason.


• SITE ANALYSIS

• EXISTING WALL / ROOF FORM

RCH 734: GN STUDIO

OFESSOR: A POTESTA

CE CE

5 MIN

S WAL

K

10 M

INS

• DESCRIPTION

WAL K

• CONCEPT DIAGRAM

The problem consists of an urban design project located in a built urban fabric within Florence,

Today, there are more single-person households (28%) than households of married couples

Italy. Most of the building date from the late 19th century, except some larger buildings built in

with minor children (19%). This is the result of a variety of social and economic trends and has

the 60s to fill some urban voids. The area takes the name of the main street, via Gioberti Street,

significant impacts on future residential development. So, what kinds of housing, transportation,

which is considered to be one of the main commercial-residential areas outside the perimeter

and services will smaller households prefer? This depends largely on their disposable income,

of the medieval city. The project’s problem considers redesigning the area with a new building

but generally, smaller households will want smaller housing units and will be more open to

in place of the ol parking garage. The lack of free land and the need to readapt the worldwide

multifamily developments such as apartments, assisted living facilities, or condominiums. For

historical cities to the contemporary needs is an important task.

example, among single-person households under the age of 45, two-thirds are renters.

1. The proposal site is surrounded with high-density building blocks with

2. Divide the blocks into specific scale, which make the building fit into the

height from 10 to 15 meters. And the roof slops of surrounding buildings are

street by respone to surrouding building facade. And in order to give people

various. And creating the building volume facing to each street to maximum

sense of the building function, the interior spaces are divide into different

the circulation around the site.

room for different use.

rti, 117-93 enze FI, Italy

RAIN XIAO

• CASE STUDY

Creating variable vertical circulation of commercial space by bring in interesting

4. Cut the roof pad to create harmony slopes that similar to existing surrounding buildings.

envelope. The form of terrace structure creates vision

sense of the space. And assign the rooftop with different height

space bring in interesting inner circulation of the

inner circulation of the building. The buildings pads extend to the busy street give people

And creating out door patio for specific residential units on higher levels. To allow people

distraction for residential units. Also, the lack of street space

bringing livable ceiling height inside of the apartment unit. Large

building. The buildings pads extend to the busy street

strong sense of surroundings. Also, vertical connection inside the courtyard is been

in high dense living area could be able to get more natural light and fresh air.

problem is been solved with creating large scale of curtain

scaled openings on the bright side allow more natural lights

give people strong sense of surroundings.

recognized with higher ceilling height in order to get more natural air flow for the whole

wall on street level of the building.

come into the building can save lighint energy.

1.

The various change of openings create special building

2.

Using different materials on the same facade give people

3.

Creating variable vertical circulation of commercial

28

3.

buildng,


• FLOOR PLAN & UNIT TYPE • Color code of different apartment unit

Level 1 - 2 Floor plan | 1 : 200

ARCH 734: GN STUDIO

ROFESSOR: A POTESTA

Level 2 Floor plan | 1 : 200

Street level Floor plans | 1 : 50

CE CE

erti, 117-93 enze FI, Italy

RRAIN XIAO

Level 3 Floor plan | 1 : 200

Level 4 Floor plan | 1 : 200

3.

Creating variable vertical circulation of commercial space bring in interesting inner circulation

of the building. The buildings p The gross area of the building in total is about 5000m2. There are 6 stories in total. Underground level for parking garage has 39 parking space, including 2 accessible spaces. The street level serve as retail space on South façade is 4 to 6 meter high.

Unit A: Duplex apartment unit (75m2 – 95m2) – One child family Unit B: SOLO apartment unit (55 m2 - 75 m2) – Single, students, and young couple Unit C: Commodious apartment unit (100m2 – 120m2) – Business people, large family

ç Street level / first level floor plan on the site ç Floor plans from level 1-2 -to level 5 ç Parking garage level floor plan ç Proposed Roof Plan

Level 5 Floor plan | 1 : 200


• ELEVATION & PERSPECTIVE SECTION

ARCH 734: N DESIGN STUDIO

PROFESSOR: OVANNA POTESTA

ROCE RACE 3

20.0 M ZONING LIMITS 18.0 M ROOF LEVEL

• Building Materials 1. The roof material is red-brown tile that normally appearance for traditional European building.

15.0 M 5TH LEVEL

2. The material of the building is mainly use pre-cast concrete and timber cladding. Timber is a renewable resource and the source certification schemes ensure its sustainability. Also the Low carbon footprint - requires less energy to produce than any

12.0 M 4TH LEVEL

other construction material. 3. The Precast concrete can take nearly any shape or size, be manufactured in virtually any color and comes in a wide variety of finishes. With precast,

9.0 M 3RD LEVEL

you are limited only by your imagination. For the large scale of curtain panel on street level, aluminum window system is

6.0 M 2ND LEVEL

been used.

4.0 M 1-2ND LEVEL

o Gioberti, 117-93 121 Firenze FI, Italy

LORRAIN XIAO 0.0 M 1ST LEVEL -1.0 M 1-1ST LEVEL

-4.0 M GARAGE LEVEL

30


• ELEVATION & RENDER

ARCH 734: GN STUDIO

ROFESSOR: A POTESTA

CE CE

erti, 117-93 enze FI, Italy

RRAIN XIAO

• SUSTAINABLE CONCEPT 1. Rain water collect in courtyard

2.

Create green space in the residential area to provide people with natural

Smaller openings on the windward side and larger openings on

space to relax. The rainwater collection system is going to be settled

the leeward side can increase airflow through the ‘venturi effect’.

under the courtyard platform. Hard wood platform would allow water

The height, shape and style of opening can vary the internal

goes through, and also, the circulation of oxygen for planting also can be

airflow path. Open plan living areas are preferable.

achieved. This oriental-inspired design of beautiful rich wooden decks

All doors and windows have 100% opening capacity (bi-fold,

and boxed ponds sets the ambiance for utter peace and calm. The designs

louvre or casement). Sleeping comfort is the most critical

use only a minimal amount of water for operation, and utilise recycled

consideration in these climates. Solid-blade louvres above doors

rainwater from the environment. A hidden water storage unit is installed

or in walls can increase air movement on hot nights and provide

to keep water features functioning for extended periods of time without

privacy in more moderate weather.

tapping into external water supplies

Natural ventilation for passive cooling:


B Have to say that exploring multiple perspectives by combined different latest computer technologies with traditional approaches to represent an architecture industry really become part of my architectural study. To achieve a enjoyable project, sometimes I choose to use various method to export or import 3D model with details between different programs, and some aesthetic rendering for still images in Photoshop inspired me a lot. Also a detail scaled physical model allow people could feel and touch the design concept not only just look at the picture.

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RENDERING

MODELING

GRAPHIC

PHOTOGRAPHY


◤ Experiment project about a building on a deserted island after 100 years. (3DsMAX + CryEngine).

◤ Studio project modeling and rendering. (Revit + Lumion).

◤ RTE rendering of the revolutionary memorial museum in Yingcheng, Hubei Privince. (SketchUp + Lumion). 34

◤ Experimental rendering of the roof structure, Guanggu Science Museum, Wuhan. (Revit + Lumion).


â—¤ Minimalism architectural model making experiment,whole model made by one material (no glue, no joints): plaster. â—¤ Minimalism architectural model making experiment, whole model made by one material (no glue, no joints): plaster.

Physical

â—¤ 1 : 50 physical model for interior learning: cardboard, foamboard.

Model

Projects

Architectural model usually aims to develop an understanding of model making as a process of spatial exploration. The process of building a scale model that matches as closely as possible the real world construction techique and materials used will develop the physical making skills and material intelligence ultimately focusing on developing through the project an understanding of the way people think through making involving the hands-on journey of materials usage with techniques which leads to detailing the philosophy of tectonics. Here are some of my phsical model projects.


Graphic Design for Architectural Projects The techniques for integrating graphic materials into buildings and be able to brief an architecture project is also very important. The integration of the products of graphic design into commercial and urban spaces, at both the intimate and public scales, is expected of Built Environment designers. Here are some of my graphic design projects that related to architectural design.

â—¤

Experiment about hand-drawing texture visualisation. Drawn by myself (scriptliner + grid notebook).

36


â—¤Poster design for UNSW 65th anniversary celebration. â—Ľ

Logo design based on faculty key words.


V i s i o n

D i a r y

I saw this sentence in Reykjavik International Airport that struck a responsive chord in my hearts. I usually travel alone but not join tour groups, I think get lost in a new place could explore more than just visit. I was born in Wuhan, in the middle of China. When I was 18 I traveled to some cities in China by myself. And when I got chance to study aboard to Australia for three years, I went to Canberra, Melbourne and Queensland. When I’m thinking to broader my degree in the US, I traveled New York, Washington and Boston in the USA during my second year’s summer vacation. And I have also been to several cities in Europe when I finish my trainee at CSADI last year. After been explored in those places, I would say the landscape and architectural style in Europe did inspired my a lot. Here are some photos I took during the travel; in some respects this is how I feel about I am lucky to be a architectural student more than just a tourist. (All photos took by myself with iphone camera.)

Reykjavik international Airpot, Iceland, Dec 2015.

38


â—¤

The places I have visited are marked.


Seine River, Paris, Dec 2015.

Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence, Dec 2015.

Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican, Dec 2015.

Via della Canonica, Florence, Dec 2015. 40

Colosseum, Roma, Dec 2015.

Piazza San Pietro, Vatican, Dec 2015.


Place de la Concorde, Paris, Dec 2015.

Reykjavik, Iceland, Dec 2015.

Notre Dame, Paris, Dec 2015.

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