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Still life First Edition 2014 Published by: One Banana Studio inquire@onebananastudio.com Mobile#: +63.921.972.4069 Mobile#: +63.917.512.9442 Mobile#: +63.917.569.0364 The written instructions, photographs, designs, patterns, and projects in this E-book are intended for the personal use of the reader and may be reproduce for that purpose only. Any other use, is forbidden under law without written permission of the publisher. The works represented are original creation of One Banana Studio except for the diagrams which you can download at http://www.lightingdiagrams.com/ All products names or terminology are trademarks of their respective manufacturer. All rights reserved For information about custom edition, services, class or workshop please contact One Banana Studio at +63.921.972.4069 / +63.917.512.9442 and + 63.917.569.0364 or inquire@onebananastudio.com


Photo by: Sid Valera


Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

Still Life The Basic Still life photography involves taking photographs of an inanimate object or small grouping of objects. When capturing still life images, it is important to pay close attention to the photograph’s composition and the arrangement of the objects themselves. The type and quality of lighting is also important in order to illuminate the details, cast appealing shadows, and create depth. The photographer has a lot of flexibility and control over the environment and the objects themselves, which would make it seem like still life photography is the most simple of photographic disciplines. However, is actually an exacting science – there is a fine line between an artistically arranged still life photograph and a snapshot of, well, just some stuff. So, how do you choose the subject of your still life photograph? Basically, you can use anything that is visually appealing to you. Lots of people go for fruit, or an arrangement of flowers, or create a scene using period-based objects. Some still life photos have a theme, others are based on

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the geometrics and patterns created by the objects themselves. When choosing and arranging your objects, it is important to maintain a central subject that is the key focus of the photograph. A random grouping of objects with no clear subject just becomes confusing to the viewer. When shooting in color, ensure the objects coordinate with one another, and shoot against a neutral colored background. Have a clear understanding of the goal you have in mind, for the feeling you wish to generate when a person views your picture. Are you going for a sterile environment and clean lines that bring forth a sense of symmetry and geometry? Or are you aiming toward generating a feeling of nostalgia by creating a scene that depicts, say, a hearth or table found in a country home? Play with the textures of the objects you’re photographing as well. Pair smooth surfaces with those that have a texture – glass with woven cloth, wood grain with shiny metal, etc. Lighting is key to creating the mood of your photograph. Portable lighting that

can be aimed in various directions will allow you to illuminate from below or off to the sides, which creates a different sense of depth and character than if the objects were illuminated straight-on or from above. Also, experiment with different focal lengths and depths of field. Take shots where your subjects are pulled in close, and take shots where your subjects are a smaller part of the overall scene. Try shooting from various angles, off to the side, from below or from above. A heavy dose of experimentation is a key method to achieving visually stimulating still life photographs. Throughout, remember that the use of a tripod and remote shutter release is important to capture tack-sharp images. Other than experimentation and trial and error, the best way to understand still life photographic techniques is to look at the many fine examples provided by folks who have done it themselves. If you have a great still life photograph to share, please post it in the comments and tell us how you composed the shot!


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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

“More does’nt mean better”

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Photo by: Lord Sid Valera


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Master Your Composition and Lighting Skills with Still Life Photography The definition of still life is simply the interpretation of inanimate objects with the use of photography. It is an art form that is extremely popular where photographers can showcase their own unique styles. The purpose and challenge of this style is to communicate a story using different techniques in lighting and composition. It is easy to say that a picture affects only the visual sense, but your main goal is to evoke an emotion from the viewers through your photograph. To attain this, your object or objects can be positioned in certain ways. You can experiment by using different items and rearranging them several times. You can group them together or use just one, it depends on what you are trying to convey. Focus on the objects in their entirety or just choose a portion that accentuates their uniqueness such as their strong shapes or their intricate details. The next thing to consider is the background which plays an important part in your story. It adds contrast in the assembly of objects in the frame. It can either be a natural background or you may use a backdrop. Using different textured or colored backgrounds or backdrops can achieve various effects. Most backdrops used for still life shots are plain to avoid any possible distractions to the objects. Note that cloth can have folds while paper has creases. Muslim fabric is often used because it looks seamless. Many still life images show a completely white or black background. A black velvet cloth is great for black backgrounds because it absorbs light which may cause unwanted reflections and bright spots in the picture. In case you have only one colored backdrop and wish it were another color, or even just plain black or white, you can simply change it or the texture during post processing with the use of photo editing software. Lighting is another important factor to consider in still life photography. The play of light and shadow can effectively convey the full impact of your story. Studio lights are ideal for still life photography since you have complete control over how light will fall on your subject. Natural light gives off a special glow in your composition. The best way to capture your object in natural light is to position it next to a window for indirect lighting. Direct sunlight might be too harsh and erase the details of your subject. Experiment with colored lights, with different intensities and the angles where they hit the subject. Light creates shadows which you can use to your advantage to add drama and impact. Learn from the masters of still life photography by gathering and examining their images. By observing their various compositions and lighting techniques, you can gain a sense of their distinctive artistic styles which can give you ideas on how to compose your own shots.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

CHAPTER I

Understanding Natural Light As we explore the many aspects of light it comes clear that light is the single most important tool that a photographer has to work with. In fact the very meaning of the word photography is “drawing with light�. The more you understand light, how to use it, how to modify it, and what subject matters looks good on what type of light the stronger your photographs will become. What is it that makes light beautiful, or dull, or ugly, or magical? These are all very abstract words that may not help us understand the nature of light or how we can work with it. We need to break the subject down in more concrete terms.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

Natural Light Even though we are discussing the use of flash/strobes, let start by taking about the sun, it’s our main source of natural light. And even though there is only one sun at least in this solar system there are a lots of variation of the light that coming from it. Now in order to understand to use your flash to its greatest potential we got to first understand the basic variables of available or natural light because it has the same principles applied. We can break these variables down into three basic categories; direction, color, and quality. The direction of light, is it coming from front, side, above, below of the subject. The color of light, is it warm or cool, orange or blue. And the quality of light, is it hard edge and specular and has deep shadows or soft and defused with open or none existing shadows. Learn to match the right variables within these three categories to the appropriate subject matter and you’ll be taking a giant step forward in your development as a photographer. If photography means drawing with light then these are your tools…

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Direction Lets look at the direction of the light where it is coming from in relation to the subject, now why is this important? Because the world we live in is three dimensional, the imaging sensor that we record on and the paper that we print on are only two dimensional. The only way that we can capture the felling of depth on our 2 dimensional media is by the interplay of light and shadows. Shadows are as important of light and where you place them means everything, hence the important of the direction of the light. The Italian painters of the renaissance has the word for these interplay of light and shadows to create the illusion of depth. They called it chiaroscuro. Chiaroscuro, simply put, means light and darkness. In painting terms, it denotes the use of deep variations in and subtle gradations of light and shade to create the illusion of three dimensionality, often to dramatic effect. Front lighting The old adage about keeping the sun at your back is a good place to continue our discussion of outdoor lighting. The type of lighting created when the sun is in back of the photographer is called front lighting. This over-the-shoulder lighting was probably the first photographic advice you ever received. This may seem to be a universal recipe for good photography. But it is not. The case against overthe-shoulder lighting is it produces a flattened effect, doing nothing to bring out detail or provide an impression of depth. The human eye sees in three dimensions and can compensate for poor lighting. A photograph is only two-dimensional; therefore, to give an impression of form, depth, and texture to the subject, you should ideally have the light come from the side or at least at an angle. Side Lighting As you gain experience with various types of outdoor lighting, you discover that interesting effects can be achieved by changing the angle of the light falling on your subject. As you turn your subject, change the camera viewpoint, or wait for the sun to move, the light falls more on one side, and more shadows are cast on the opposite side of the subject. For pictures in which rendering texture is important, side lighting is ideal. Side lighting is particularly important with black-and- white photography that relies on grey tones, rather than color, to record the subject. Shadows caused by side lighting reveal details that can create striking pictures from ordinary objects that are otherwise hardly worth photographing in black and white. Anything that has a noticeable texture-like the ripples of sand on a beach, for example-gains impact when lit from the side. Landscapes, buildings, people, all look better when side lighted. This applies to color photography as well. Color gives the viewer extra information about the subject that may make up for a lack of texture in front lighting, but often the result is much better when lit from the side. Pictures made with side lighting usually have harsh shadows and are contrasty. To lighten the shadows and reduce the contrast, you may want to use some type of reflector to direct additional skylight into the shadow areas or use fill-in flash, whichever is more convenient. Backlighting When the sun is in front of the photographer, coming directly at the camera, you have what is referred to as backlighting; that is, the subject is backlit. This type of lighting can be very effective for pictures of people outdoors in bright sunlight. In bright sunlight, when subjects are front-lighted or even side lighted, they may be uncomfortable and squint their eyes. Backlighting helps to eliminate this problem. Backlighting may also require the use of a reflector or fill-in flash to brighten up the dark shadows and improve subject detail. Backlighting is also used to produce a silhouette effect. When you use backlighting, avoid having the sun rays fall directly on the lens (except for special effects). A lens hood or some other means of shading the lens should be used to prevent lens flare.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

why is the color of light important? 12


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Color Now the color of light is also important. And yes daylight comes in a verity of colours. In the early morning or in the late afternoon the longer rays of the red orange spectrum are more prevalent, and that’s when you get that lovely warm light that so favourite by landscape photographers. During twilight you’ll get a bluish quality of light as you do in deep shade. At high noon, sunlight is at in its most neutral or white. But why is the color of light important for us to consider as photographers? Because the color directly affects the mood of your photo and that affects the viewer. Reddish orange tones can convey a feeling of warmth and wellbeing. Bluish tones feel cool, greenish light, the kind put up by florescent light makes people look sick, and pure white light such as that on high noon can be more accurate but a little clinical. So the color of light affects the way the viewer reacts to your photograph To reach us, light waves of color must travel from the sun and through our atmosphere, which acts as a filter. Because of the curvature of the earth, at sunup and sundown, these light waves must travel through more of our atmosphere than they would if coming from directly overhead at midday. As these light waves swim through our thick atmosphere, the shorter wavelengths on the cool end of the spectrum get lost in atmospheric dust and water and cannot reach us. This leaves the longer, warmer waves of light to penetrate our atmosphere and illuminate our subjects. As the sun climbs higher into the sky, it shines more directly through our atmosphere, allowing the shorter, cooler wavelengths to reach us, better balancing the color of the light. On a clear day when the sun is directly overhead, it should exhibit no color when cast onto a white surface. An often overlooked part of photography is choosing your color palette. Just like a painter, a photographer should be aware of the colors in a composition. Unlike a painter, a photographer does not have complete control over the colors of our palettes. When we shoot in a controlled environment like a studio we have much better control than when we shoot outside. Taking formal portraits of people (even outside) is also much easier to control than nature photography or street photography. White Balance and Color Theory Essentially, white balance is concerned with the overall color of the light in which you are shooting. For example, light at the time of a dramatic sunset will have a distinctly reddish color cast to it. While interior lights, such as a certain incandescent lights can give off an orange glow. Our eyes are so good at adjusting for these color cast that we often aren’t aware of them, but for digital camera, unless the color of the lighting is addressed, whites will not appear in the capture image, hence the term “white balance”. In the case of sunset, whites will appear rossy pink, while in incandescent light, it will appear orange. In photography, all light source are known as having a certain color temperature, color temperature is measured in degrees Kelvin. The most important thing to remember in Color Temperature is that the higher the Kelvin number, the cooler (more blue) the light source. Why use the Kelvin scale as opposed to a standard white balance? If you can’t control the light tones of a room according to the standard “tungsten”, go Kelvin. If you can’t achieve the perfect skin tone of your subject by shooting on “cloudy”, once again, go for Kelvin. Kelvin scale can also be used creatively for enhancing the colors of sunsets and sunrises. By altering and adding color with the Kelvin Scale, your images will achieve that “creative edge” with ultimate control. Manual white balance Although the exact procedure for a manual white balance varies somewhat from camera to camera (check your manual!), the basic procedure is similar. A white card is held up in such a way as to catch the key light for the scene the light we want to be reproduced as white. The white card can be white typing paper, or poster board, or a commercially available card (Whibal Card) with white on one side and a test pattern on the other. The camera operator zooms in on the white card until it fills the screen, and then presses and holds the proper button to register a manual white balance until the indicator shows that the camera has set the temperature. Pro cameras will show the precise color temperature of the manual white balance in the viewfinder. Another professional way of doing this is through an Expo Disc, which you attach to the front of your lens.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

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The color wheel can help you understand the colors in your composition better. The color wheel can be very basic or be very complex and show minute shading differences for millions of colors. The color wheel shows the relationship of each color to other colors. Colors next to each other are complimentary while colors across from each other are opposite colors. Colors that are at an angle to one another are often the most clashing colors. For example, purple and green do not go together well at all. Orange and green also fight against each other.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

Quality Light quality and mood, characterized by terms such as soft and harsh light or contrasting light, depends on the sun and the weather. When the sun is obscured by light cloud the light becomes softer and more defused. This is ideal light for taking portraits. The intensity of shadows and contrast is reduced. Colour tones are more varied, deeper and richer. You can show subtle details throughout the frame, especially in close-up portraits, If the clouds get heavier, however, the light will become dimmer, reducing the definition in you photographs. The rising and setting sun projects long shadows that give that clear shape and forms to things and people. The shadows mark out shapes and this is what photographers refers to modelling. Many people photographers prefers colour, quality, texture of this light.

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Why use additional light? In this point you maybe asking your self. If we have natural light, beautiful natural light from the sun, in a varied configurations, why do we need anything els? Well there are atleast three reasons:

1. Supplement natural light If there is not enough light, when the natural light is too low to use you need to supplement it. This might occurs indoors, at night, or even in deep of shadows.

2. Reduce contrast by filling up shadows Sometimes the actual range of contrast that natural light presents is too broad to record on our imaging digital sensors or on our pieces of film. Our eyes is amazing optical instruments, in contrasty conditions such as those sunny day with bright highlights and deep shadows, they can actually see more details on those extreame highlights and shadows than our cameras can record. So we need to lower that contrst by opening up the shadows to make them penetrable and recordable by our digital of film cameras, either by using a flash to fill in but not illiminate the shadows with light or some kind of physical reflector to do the same thing.

3. Create a more dramatic photograph We can actually transform the mood and look of our subject matter by using our speed lights or strobes. We can create dramatic photographs with the natural lighting conditions that are iether dull, dark or down right ugly by adding a light from one or more flashes or strobes.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

CHAPTER II

Understanding the idea of off-camera lighting Flash provides a convenient light source that will let you take a photograph even in the darkest place without having to change to expensive lenses, camera or use of tripod. Most modern camera today have built-in flash units. Otherwise a seperate flash unit can be mounted on the camera via hotshoe ot off camera on a flash bracket. Pictures taken with flash from builtin or hotshoe mounted units are usually unexceptional. The direct, frontal light is harsh and rarely flattering. It creates hard shadows on surfaces behind the subject and backgrounds are often too dark. To impose the look of your flash photographs, get to know the features of your particular unit. Explore the possibilities of off camera flash, bounce flash and fill flash.

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Seeing light In order to best utilise an artificial light source, we must first be aware of how light acts and reacts in nature. Observation of direct sunlight, diffuse sunlight through cloud and its many variations will develop an understanding of the two main artificial light sources available. A spotlight/open flash imitates the type of light we see from direct sunlight, a hard light with strong shadows and extreme contrast. A floodlight/soft box imitates the type of light we see on an overcast day, a soft diffuse light with minor variations in contrast and few shadows. Light falling on a subject creates a range of tones. These fall into three main categories: highlights, midtones and shadows. Each can be described by its level of illumination (how bright, how dark) and their position and distribution within the frame.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

What is the difference about off-camera lighting and natural light? Over the years flash technology evolves steadily and has become more and more versatile. The creative use of flash is now longer just in the hands of the small number of the experience professionals. What is the difference about off-camera lighting and natural light? So far we have been discussing all the similarities between artificial lights and natural light in terms of quality, direction, and color of the two light sources but there are a couple of significant differences of the two light source. The first and biggest difference is that while we can control the amount of the natural light that hits the camera sensor using a combination of aperture and shutter speed, and ISO. flash exposure is essentially controlled by only the aperture setting. Lets do a quick review of the terms. Aperture or f-stop describes the size of opening in the lens diaphragm that lets in the light. A wide or fast aperture like f1.4, f2, f2.8 or f4 lets in more light than smaller aperture like f11, f16 to f32 (and yes, the bigger the number the smaller the aperture.). Besid es controlling the amount of light coming in through the lens, the aperture also effects the depth of field in the photograph. A wide aperture has less depth of field than small aperture.

And because the duration of the light that the flash emits is so short (beyond 1/30000s), shutter speed of the camera (that is the amount of time the shutter curtains are open) doesn’t really affect the amount of flash exposure hitting the sensor or the film plane. The only real way the shutter speed affects our flash is that we got to make sure the shutter curtains are wide open at the moment the flash goes off so that they synchronise.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

Shutter Speed Shutter speed: One thing you need to understand while shooting with off-camera lighting is shutter speed controls ambient exposure in your environment. An important thing to remember when you are working with off-camera lighting is that the way shutter speed affects flash exposure is in terms of synchronizing the opening of the shutter with the burst of the flash. The fastest shutter speed that allows the flash to fire when the shutter curtain is fully open is called the sync speed. Most modern DSLR can sync in normal mode up to 1/250 sec., but you’re not required to work at the cameras top sync speed all the time. Any speed that is slower than the top sync speed will also work. When we shoot below the top sync speed it is called slow sync flash and it is a very useful technique.

1/250 sec

1/125 sec

1/60 sec

1/30 sec

1/15 sec

1/8 sec

1/4 sec

1/2 sec On this sample photos, I did a self portrait with all lights on (fluorescent bulb) and window shades open. What I did in this self portrait is I set my flash to 1/8 power, aperture f/ 5.6, ISO 100, flash to subject distance is about 9 feet and only the variable that I change in this series of photos is the shutter speed.

1 sec

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2 secs

4 secs


www.onebananastudio.com On my sample on the previous page I start with 1/250 sec. that’s my fastest shutters speed, notice that the details in the shadows are totally gone and every thing is dark except me and a wall spotlighted with flash. On the next photo I set it on 1/125 sec. it allows more ambient light to come in, notice that the shadows on the wall lighten and details in the shadows are now more visible. But the exposure of the flash hasn’t change. On the third photo I set my shutter speed to 1/60 sec. now it brings more details on the wall and open up shadows. On the 1/30 sec the highlights on the wall cause by the light bulb are now showing. Now I set my shutter speed to 1/15 sec. it opens up more details on the shadows and the highlights on the wall are now much visible. On 1/8 sec the shadows lighten more and more details are now viewable. I set the shutter speed at ¼ sec. you can now see more balance exposure from flash and ambient light. On ½ sec most of the shadows are now open up and viewable and more balance. At 1 sec you can notice that the amount of light from the ambient light and the amount of light coming from flash are about to mix. On 2 secs, the light from the flash and the ambient light are mixing together where you cant barely distinguished one light source from the other. On the last photo I set my shutter speed on 4 seconds, there you can now see movement and the ratio of the light from the flash and and ambient light is 1:1. the wall is blown up white and all shadows are open up.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

Aperture Aperture controls your flash exposure. If you made a shot then look on the back of your camera and you see a weird exposure coming from your flash, it is not your shutter speed setting that you need to change but your aperture settings. If you find your photo being over exposed by your flash exposure it means that your aperture is open too large, you need to shut your aperture down. And if you find your photos under exposed it means that you are not getting enough light from your aperture, you need to open it up to allow more light to come in to your sensor. Aperture controls the amount of light coming into your lens by means of how large the opening of the iris or how small it was open. Besides controlling the amount of light coming in through the lens, the aperture also effects the depth of field in the photograph. A wide aperture has less depth of field than small aperture.

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Flash Power Flash power is how much light is coming out of your flash during one burst. You control your flash power by increasing or decreasing the power. With the flash in manual mode the settings go as follows: 1/1 Full Power to 1/2 Power to 1/4 Power to 1/8 Power to 1/16 Power to 1/32 Power to 1/64 Power and so on.Each one of these steps is equal to one stop of light. Knowing how your flash power works is going to help you not only get the correct exposure, but it can also help you save battery life if you are using speedlights. Have you started noticing that there is a common denominator in all of these variables...STOPS OF LIGHT! When you are using flash and it is set to 1/1 FULL POWER and you lower your flash power to 1/2, that is ONE STOP OF LIGHT! You are basically doing the same thing is closing down your aperture one stop. Your flash exposure is going to be the same whether you close aperture or reduce flash power. They work together. So there will be a ton of instances that you will be able to open your aperture and lower your flash power to compensate and save battery life.

Flash Power

Aperture

Full f16 1/2 f11

Let say we take a photo at full flash power, we find that our proper exposure is F16. If we cut the power in half we’ve lost one stop of light, so therefor we need to open our aperture 1 step to compensate to f11. if we set it to ¼ power we’ve lost 1 more stop of light, to compensate on that power loss is to open 1 stop of aperture and that will ganna bring us to f8. if we set it on 1/8 of power then we’ve lost another stop of light, so we need to open our aperture one step again and that will be f5.6. if we set our flash power to 1/16 another power loss again so we need to open aperture 1 step again.

1/4 f8

We started a scenario in proper exposure of full power 1/1 on aperture f16 and if we change our flash exposure to 1/16 and set the aperture to f4, we will ganna have the same exposure on our subject that we have at full power and at f16.

1/8 f5.6

If you double the flash power you add a stop of light. When you cut it in half you loss 1 stop of light.

1/16 f4

Light to subject distance (Invers Square Law) The second important different of between natural light and flash is that with flash the intensity of light falls off very quickly as the subjects distance from the light source increases. You need to remember that your flash illumination will fall off quickly, so you cant light subjcts at multiple distances with the light of just one flash. Let us define Invers Square Law. Inverse Square Law is an equation that relates the intensity of a light source to the illumination it produce at a given distance.

Wall

1/2 Power

Light Source

Light diminish over distance in accourdance with the inverse square law which state that doubling the flash to subject distance reduces the light falling on the subject to one quarter.

Subject F16 2 meters 1/250

F8 4 meters 1/250

F4 8 meters 1/250

F2.8 16 meters 1/250

Let say our subject from our light source is 2 meters away and the aperture reading is F16, shutter speed 1/250 sec. and our Flash power is 1/2 power. When we double the distance of the subject away from our light source the light reaching the subject is only 1/4 as strong as it was before, which means that the light’s intensity is two stops less powerful. In our example if we place our subject 4 meters away from our light source we need to open up our aperture two stop just to compensate the exposure.

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Still Life - Basic Tabletop & Still life Photography

ISO The ISO settings determine how sensitive the sensor to light. The higher the ISO number the more sensitive the sensor. And the more sensitive the sensor, the less light it needs to record an image. Digital SLRs will typically have ISO settings ranging from 100 to 1600 or even 3200 (some go even higher than that). If we set ISO 100 to ISO 200 we increase the sensityvity to light by 1 stop. If we set it from ISO 100 to ISO 400 we increase the sensitivity of the sensor to light by 2 stops.

ISO Settings 100 200 400 800

FLASH POWER

Full power f8 f11 f16 f22 1/2 power f5.6 f8 f11 f16 1/4 power f4 f5.6 f8 f11 1/8 power

f2.8 f4 f5.6 f8

1/16 power f2 f2.8 f4 f5.6 1/32 power f1.4 f2 f2.8 f4

Let say that we are out shooting in an ISO 100, we get a proper exposure on a full flash power at f8. If we change the sensityvity of our ISO to two stops from ISO 100 to ISO 400 we can now get the target f8 aperture only with a Âź power of our flash. This will allow us to get more flash pops from our batteries, and also increase the flash recycling time to fire our flash faster.

Summary Shutter Speed controls our ambient exposure. If you want to change the ambient light exposure on your photograph you only need to change the value of your shutter speed. Aperture controls flash exposure. If your flash exposure is over exposed on your photograph you need to close your aperture down.. If that flash exposure is under exposed in your photograp you need to open your aperture up to allow more light in to your camera. Flash Power. From Full power, half power, quater power, one eight power down to one of one hundred twenty eight power. You need to know those power settings and how to change quickly on your flash. On off camera lighting always use manual settings, TTL is helpful but we need accuracy in our exposure all the time. Light to subject distance. If your light to subject distance changes your exposure changes. If you move the light twice as far from your subject you either open up your aperture by two stops, use shutter speed two stops longer, increase ISO by two stops settings or increase the output of your light source four times. Each of these solutions would compensate for the two stops of lightyou lost in the move. ISO change sensitivity across the board from flash exposure and ambient exposure. As you change your ISO remember that you also need to change the settings of your aperture and shutter speed accordingly.

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Still life - Sid Valera  

Still life - Sid Valera

Still life - Sid Valera  

Still life - Sid Valera

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