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March 2014 Issue 2

Russell’s Pearls of Wisdom Photos of Daisy’s Baby Craft

Recipes Facts

Time Management Interview

Winter Extravaganza Photos

And Much More! 1


Inside Page

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Welcome to another issue of Churchill Chronicle. This is our second issue under the new format, and we hope you agree that we have successfully managed to extend and improve upon the standards previously established. Daffodils are blooming, lambs are leaping, there is a promise of better weather and brighter days and the clocks are moving forward – the scent of Spring is in the air. If that wasn’t enough, the Easter bank holiday is almost here: a host of great reasons to do the things that make you smile. With Mothering Sunday on the 30th of March 2014, it is time to treat all the mums, step-mothers, grandmas, nannies, aunts and women in your life who have been there for you over the years. We have been working on our Facebook page updating it with copies of our last magazine and our academic journal from December 2013. So why not pop by and like our page. We have set up a twitter account. @LCC_Welfare

Feel free to send us a tweet

We would like to extend our gratitude to all who have contributed to this issue and helped to make it possible. On a sadder note, we thank everyone for their kind words at the news of the sudden death of Terence Moore, our principal. A book of condolence is available to sign in reception for anyone wishing to leave a message for his family.

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Staff Who Left ... Page 6 Daisy’s Baby ... Page 7 Student Welfare Message ... Page 8 Work Placements ... Page 10 How to Find Work after Leaving LCC ... Page 11 Time Management Interview ... Page 12 A Social Day Out ... Page 16 Winter Extravaganza Photos ... Page 17 “Tower Hamlets’ Poem ... Page 18 “Love for You” Poem ... Page 19 History of Easter ... Page 20 History of Mothering Sunday ... Page 21 Dyeing Easter Eggs ... Page 22 Knitted Bunny Craft ... Page 24

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Mothers’ Day Gift Ideas ... Page 26 Simnel Cake Recipe ... Page 27 Hot Cross Bun Pudding ... Page 28 Italian-Style Chicken Recipe ... Page 29 Chocolate Recipes ... Page 30 Steak Dinner ... Page 32 Veggie Cottage Pie ... Page 33 The Hidden Traps in the World of Beauty ... Page 34 Puzzle Corner ... Page 36 Snapshot of the East End ... Page 37 Syeda Hussain Tanvir’s Writing ... Page 40 Russell’s Pearls of Wisdom ... Page 42 Answer to Puzzle Corner ... Page 43

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IT Sakib (or Sakib with the beard) was with London Churchill College since 2009. He has now moved on to not only a new job, but also a new location.

Marzena had only been with us less than a year, but she too will be missed from the team.

Mostafa might have been with London Churchill College for only a couple of months, but without him and IT Sakib how will the college cope when the projectors stop working? haha

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Whilst London Churchill College commemorates the loss of Terry, let us all celebrate the new life of Daisy Ayres’ baby.

Madeleine Rose Ayres Ferris Born: 29/01/14 Weighing: 5lbs 3oz

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London Churchill College have garnered praise for its academic delivery, but what differentiates it from other tuition providers is a certain contribution from students who wish to take control of the quality of their time here.

London Churchill College is praised by its students for the academic quality of its programme and lecturers, as proven by the very positive feedbacks from student surveys semester after semester. With highly rated lecturers, well-reviewed programme plans, as well as a very advanced and convenient virtual learning system in place, the quality of education here should come as no surprise. However if academic quality alone was a factor for students then a prospective student has the option of other qualified tuition providers in London's East End to study in an HND programme. What differentiates LCC from the competitors is that while excelling at the delivery of its courses, LCC is not content with just delivering outstanding education but aims to deliver an exceptional student experience. Students of LCC should not have just the academic matters to look forward to but should also enjoy the time at LCC between lectures and seminars. Basically, the college doesn't just want students to have the best of education in this college, but for them to have a great time while getting that top-class education. That is why LCC puts a great emphasis on student service. From a panel of administrative staff sitting to serve students at the front desk, to an out-ofoffice contact number open to students 24 hours a day, every day of the year including public holidays, LCC is committed to meet the need of students who choose to enrol here. Students are not just limited to lectures and seminars to prepare for their assignments, but they can take advantage of other facilities at hand; from specialised workshops to guest speakers giving valuable insights into key industries, we ensure that learners are equipped to make the best of their education and utilise them beyond their courses. It is not just at the college campus that London Churchill College delivers its distinctive student service, but the delivery of the service exceeds beyond the walls of the facilities. In the last term alone students from varying courses enjoyed trips to institutions and exhibitions relevant to their subjects of study. The Health and Social Care students benefitted from a trip to Highshore School of mixed need children, while the Hospitality Management students visited the ornate Restaurant Show in Earl's Court. The trips were not all about what they studied as students also enjoyed a trip to Oxford to enjoy the atmosphere of the university town as well as socialise with their friends on a day out. Back in the LCC campus in the same week students were competing in one of many pool competitions held that semester. All these extracurricular events made the period between September 2013 to December 2013 an eventful semester.

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The delivery of the extracurricular activities, workshops, competitions, as well as this very publication itself where you are reading this article is only half of the ingredients making all these events and facilities work. The other half of the ingredients to make such events successful are the people who they are made for; the students. Without student participation all these events are redundant. In the short term the college barely makes any monetary gain from organising these events, parties, or competitions. The reason LCC invests so much money, time, and energy into the extra-curricular activities are solely for the experience of the students. We appreciate our students entrusting their future to LCC and we're grateful to them for giving 2 years of their lives to us. That is why we want to repay them not just by giving them a high quality education that they expect; but to ensure that we make the 2 years they give us as memorable as we can, and that can only be achieved by the students' participation. A baker can make the world's best breads but nobody will appreciate them if nobody takes the time to taste them. The same logic goes for events in a college where student participation is key. Despite the numbers of successful extracurricular events, there have also been a number of event cancellations due to low turnouts. We've had trips, workshops, and even competitions cancelled due to insufficient number of students signing up for those events. Regardless, the college's student welfare department is resilient and we continue to invest time and money into more events. While the college plays its part to ensure a valuable student experience for all, it is also crucial for students to understand that how their 2 years as an LCC student will pass depends significantly on themselves. Students have a choice; either to attend the minimum lectures and seminars required and leave the college with a diploma, or to make the most of their time at LCC by taking advantage of the day trips, competitions, or workshops we provide and leave with a diploma as well as a warm memory of 2 years well spent. After all, students have so much to benefit from these activities. It is of no coincidence that the highest achieving students we have are also the ones who have taken part in our workshops and trips, as witnessed in last year's Winter Extravaganza 2013 party. Therefore if students do wish to gain more than an education from LCC it is up to them on how they define their tenure at this college. We don't expect students to attend all the extracurricular events, but unless they attend at least one workshop, enter at least one competition to win a prize, or tag along with friends to at least one of the day trips, they are missing out from turning their education into an experience. London Churchill College has baked many breads for the students, all they have to do is to taste them and realise the treats at their disposal.

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Work placements have never been more important for future graduate employment. In a recent research study1 over half of the recruiters who took part warned that graduates with no previous work experience have little or no chance of receiving a job offer from organisations’ graduate programmes. It was predicted that the prospects for university-leavers were likely to improve in 2013. The latest assessment shows that employers actually exceeded these expectations and recruited 4.6 per cent more graduates to start work in 2013, compared with the numbers employed in 2012 (see Chart 1).

Like we mentioned in the previous edition of Churchill Chronicle; volunteering is really helpful in providing an insight in to how different places work and gain experience in a specific career. It is also a great way to network and get your face out there for when it comes to looking for placements and, in the future, jobs. It’s also great on your CV and would provide you with the edge in an interview as you have the wider experience that employers love.

1 - The Graduate Market in 2013, High Fliers Research

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Create a LinkedIn profile. Even if the profile is just a bare-bones list of where you attended school, college and at London Churchill College, your extra-curricular activities, what you see as your skills and a summary of the sort of career that may interest you, it is a good idea to create this early. As you grow and accumulate more work experience, you can delete your early jobs and add new ones. It can be extremely helpful to start building your list of connections early. Most adults you know have LinkedIn profiles with multiple contacts. Do connect to as many people as you can. Most students figure that because they already have a Facebook page, they are doing sufficient social networking. But most employers do not troll through Facebook looking for job candidates. Go to your local Job Centre. Although many people moan about the Job Centre, finding you a job is their job. They can offer you advice, services, training courses and of course if you are entitled to benefits – they can offer financial support. Read newspapers. This might seem an outdated method when everything else around you is electronic, but newspapers dedicate pages to job adverts. You can pick up many newspapers for free at the train stations or you can view other papers in the library or at a job centre. Word-of-mouth. Tell everyone you know that you are looking for a job and have friends and family look out for suitable positions for you. Your friend might see an advert in a shop window or read a different newspaper to you and find an advert you have not seen. You might be talking to an old friend on the train and they mention that someone in their department is retiring but the position has not been made public yet. This is perfect for both parties as you can hear about a job before anyone else and the company can hold interviews without having to spend anything on advertising. Agencies. Agencies receive new short-term and long-term contracts on a weekly basis. Although agencies do take a finder’s fee or a cut of your wages it is a great way to build up experience. You can end up in different locations and positions from one week to the next, but it allows you to experience so many different job roles that if you were uncertain what job title you want to achieve this lets you sample a new one each time. Don’t be put off by short-term contracts as it is sometimes the company’s way of testing a candidate out without them being left with a full-time member of staff at the end of the week that they do not get along with. If a company likes you your contract could be extended. Online job boards. The online job boards are like an agency where you can sign up to have a weekly email sent that shows possible job matches to the criteria you have chosen. For instance if you have set your postcode and want to work within 5 miles of this location, in the field of IT and would like a part-time job; you can have only these jobs sent to you for you to read through and apply to. You would not receive jobs listed as 20 miles from your house and in a retail market, so this saves you time from looking through hundreds of unnecessary adverts. Examples of sites to visit are Monster, Total jobs, Jobsite and Emptylemon. Visiting the companies. Sometimes just going to the companies themselves with your CV in hand might work.

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TIME MANAGEMENT With Jennifer Newland Studies, work, family – how to allocate enough time for all of these? How to prioritise the activities and use our time wisely? How to make sure we are spending our time effectively and whether our busy lives make us happy? Lecturer of Health and Social Care at London Churchill College Jennifer Newland says that in today’s society we are all very busy human beings and at certain times we are balancing one two or maybe even three things at once. So we have to look at what we are doing. One way is not to allow things to build up, like if you do not like doing something, so you leave it to the last possible minute, this is the wrong way to look at things as when you do get round to complete the object it has now doubled quantity. Jennifer admits she likes to be up early get things done straight away so that she knows that she have completed them and can relax as she does not like to rush about like a head-less chicken and forget most of what should have been done. Lecturer of Health and Social Care stresses the importance of being organised and making a plan. This is what Jennifer’s typical day looks like: I usually arise about 5.30 am I get up with my husband and while he is getting ready for work I get the breakfast ready it is also at this time if there is washing in the laundry basket I fill the washing machine. Whilst I am making tea and toast I empty the dishwasher and put all the crockery away. We sit together to eat breakfast and we listen to the news. Once my husband leaves for work I begin my house work. As it is Monday I am not working today so this is my day for hovering each of the bedrooms and stairs, it is also change the beds day. So all the bed sheets are changed and washed. By 8 am I have usually finished the cleaning upstairs so I now get myself ready to go out by 9am. I walk down to the Roman road market to do some shopping and then I go to the Gym at Ability Bow for an hour’s workout I am usually back home by 11 am put away the shopping I then hang up the washing from the morning once I have completed that I then make myself a cup of coffee and it is also the time that I like to do the crossword. By 12 noon I am getting things prepared for the evening meal, as on a Monday, my daughter and 2 grandchildren eat with us. So Mondays is usually a roast dinner day as my grandchildren love a big roast dinner with all the vegetables. I clean the kitchen tidy round the living and at 3pm I leave to pick up my grandson from school. When we get home I start cooking the evening as the rest of my family arrive home I start to lay out the meal by 5.30 I am clearing away all the dirty plates and making tea and coffee for every- one. As soon as we have watched Emmerdale I then drive my daughter and the children home.

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On my return I make a tea and coffee and take it up stairs as I am now going on line to check my emails and reply to any messages. I also prepare my lecture materials for the following day and if there is any messages that I need to upload onto E-learning for the class. Once completed I go back downstairs to do any little jobs that I have going on at the moment like completing a fiftieth wedding display I usually like to go to bed by ten if I can.

Jennifer then shares a diary of the following days: TUESDAY IS A WORK DAY Up by 5.30 same routine follows: we have breakfast, I empty dishwasher, put any washing into the machine. The only difference is that on Tuesday once I have tidied the kitchen and living room, I then do the ironing. And ironing is not something I like doing but by doing it on a regular basis it keeps the amount down and is manageable. Once this is completed and all hung in the various wardrobes, I then make the beds and get myself ready for work. I also leave out the food and prepare all the vegetables for the evening meal. It means that whichever one of us gets in first puts on the prepared food. I then leave home to walk the 10 minute walk to the bus stop to catch the bus to work. After my work day is completed, I catch the bus home and as my husband has put the food on I am just in time to lay the table and dish up our evening meal. As soon as we have finished, I clean all the crockery away make a tea and coffee and sit in the living room for a little while to listen to the news.

By 6.30 I am upstairs on the computer the computer replying to emails, checking students work and assessing information that I have been sent. This week I have been working till quite late amassing information for each of my classes as their assignment dates are drawing nearer, preparing for the following days class and completing my work for PTLLS, so tonight I finished on the computer by about 11.30.

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WEDNESDAY IS A WORK DAY Same routine: up at 5.30, have breakfast, empty dishwasher and if any washing put on the washer. Hang up the washing once machine has completed the cycle. Today is the day that I clean the bathroom and downstairs loo, floor, walls. I change all the towelling and the mats. All is changed and washed. I then make the beds, get myself ready for work, prepare the food for the evening meal and leave for work. After my college work day is completed I make my way home. I complete the meal, clear away the utensils and after I sit down with a coffee. Later on I go upstairs to check the computer for emails. I work till very late putting on line information for one of the groups and preparing for the following days class, also finished the PTLLS work, so I got to bed at about 12 midnight.

THURSDAY IS A WORK DAY Same routine: up at 5.30, have breakfast, empty dishwasher and if any washing, put on the washer. Hang up the washing once machine has completed the cycle. Today is my day for cleaning all the floors downstairs, so I mop from the downstairs into the small passage, then the kitchen and then into the living. Before I start mopping I polish and sweep all through. By 8 am I am getting ready for work and by 9 am I am preparing the meal for the evening. l leave for work, after I have college work day is completed I go through the same routine: lay the table for the evening meal, dish up the meal, clear away all the crockery and then sit with a coffee before going up stairs to go on line. I feel happy that I do not have to do any PTLLS work as this is now completed so I am again putting together information for my communication classes to help with their assignment. Finished about 11.30 pm and then went to bed.

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FRIDAY IS NOT A COLLEGE WORK DAY But I still get up at 5.30 and prepare breakfast, and when husband has left for work I then start to clean the living room polishing all the furniture. To-day is my tidy round day so anything that has been left out I take upstairs put away I also go Gym today at 9.30am and from my work out at the Gym I then go onto shopping this is when I do the weekly shop. I am back home by 1pm and I put every-thing away and tonight I prepare a Chinese meal, I used to buy it but I found it is just as good if you make it your-self and a whole lot cheaper. As it still too early for my caravan to open I spend the rest of the day catching up with student assignments that they have asked for me to read through and correct. Once we have eaten tea I clear away watch telly for a while and then check the computer for any emails and the rest of the evening I am usually making things for people’s weddings or for anniversaries or birthdays. I make scrolls gift bags and table decorations. I am currently making table decorations for my Aunt and Uncles 50th wedding anniversary. I usually get to bed between 10 and 11 pm. WEEKENDS If it is during the summer months then we drive to our caravan which is based in Essex by the River Blackwater and we stay there every weekend. If the caravan is not yet open, then weekends are for doing the big household jobs like the windows which is not every week, so I have time to visit friends and meet up with friends socially and carry on with my craft work. That is why I like to get most of the household chores done in the week so my week-ends are open for me to do other things. I am always looking for things to occupy my mind and I am as well at the moment collecting Easter items to make Easter boxes for my grandchildren. I buy something every week to add to their boxes and on Easter Sunday I leave rabbit prints all over the place as if the Easter came in and left the boxes for them. Making things and giving things gives more pleasure to the giver!

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A Social Day Out- ‘Collectively’ By Dr. Samrat Hazra

London Churchill College is one of the well-known colleges in London especially for its Business and Hospitality courses from Edexcel. I enjoy teaching both of the subjects. Hence I had Business students last semester who were really friendly and enthusiastic about the course, particularly my subjectOrganisations and Behaviour. The subject mainly deals with organisations that employ a wide range of professionals irrespective to their culture, background and ethnic origin. This particular group has the diversity to suit the subject area nicely. We wanted to do a teamwork exercise, and test our organisational skills. We decided on a lunch out in the College break time. This would also help them to socialise with each other. The meal was in a Turkish Restaurant nearby in Whitechapel, and we enjoyed stuffing ourselves to the brim. This was a success.

The week after I had a feedback session arranged for the students, and asked them to write few things we learnt at the trip. It fuelled in-class discussion. Also, the students could see some of the teamwork and leadership theories put into practice by the learners themselves. I am happy to say that, many have used this particular example in their assignment and brought the goodness through. I hope to continue sharing my knowledge and happiness with this particular group of students and others at the London Churchill College.

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Tower Hamlets

Tower Hamlets is a beautiful place Everybody will find their own space. Beautiful markets and beautiful stalls, Vanishes when night time falls. Walk out of the door and see so many faces Who have come from so many places. Parenting skills, skills match and aerobic exercise, So many classes going on I cannot believe my eyes! Variety of projects to get involved in, And look ahead for a good career. So many places to ask for help, There is no need for fear. You will not feel lonely No matter how lonely you are. Most of the people are helpful No matter their culture, or barrier. Sure start opened play centres, For children 0 to 5 years old. Mothers don’t have to think that Their lives are on hold. They can go to the centres with child So that they can socialise. They won’t feel isolated Now that is very wise! It is a beautiful place to live in No matter where you come from. So many variety of things to do, I’m sure you won’t miss home!

By Shahanaz Begum

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LCC20124163


Love for You

I wanted to give you, A piece of sunshine in a morning of winter, That covers you with warmness. I wanted to give you A piece of a sweet smile of a neglected child, That makes you happy. I wanted to give you A golden torch, That shines your way, And I wanted to give you Such a companion who, Share your happiness and sorrows until death. And I wanted to give you Such a friend who, Helps you to recover your broken heart. And I wanted to give you Endless Love That makes your heart flooded with love. But Still you remain very quiet Those defeat the stillness of the rock. What then? Should I give my heart to you? By which you will play with like a Yo-Yo?

By Nazmus Sakib

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History of Easter As noted by Benediktas Jurčys OFM (Franciscan friar and priest in Lithuania), the origin of Easter celebration lies in a book of Exodus from The Old Testament. This work can be surely named ‘Evangely’ as it announces God’s good news and fateful events for the Jewish community in Egypt which took place around 1350-1200BC. Book of Exodus tells about life of Jewish community in slavery of Egypt, the escape from Egyptian captivity, journey to Mount Sinai led by Moses. God said, “Let the people of Israel keep the Passover at its appointed time. On the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, you shall keep it at its appointed time; according to all its statutes and all its rules you shall keep it.” (Numbers 9:1-14 (English Standard Version)). Thus, Jews celebrated the Passover (Pesach) - the escape from the Egyptian slavery on Nisan (the fourteenth day of the month at the twilight). Majority of members of early Christian community were Jesus’ kinsmen. No wonder, they adopted this celebration. However, there were some problems. Lunar calendar created by Israelites did not correspond with Western solar calendar. Still, with a spread of Christianity in Roman Empire problems were solved by Ecumenical Nicene Council. It was agreed to celebrate Easter on the first Sunday after the spring equinox. Nevertheless, another problem was to decide which day would be considered as a spring equinox? In Western Roman Empire it was 18th March, whereas for the eastern part – 21st March. In VIII th century 21st March was finally selected due to more accurate astronomical observations. Thus, the earliest Easter can be celebrated is 22nd March, latest – 25th April. B. Jurčys notices that the content of Easter has not changed to the present day. The only ever changing aspect is a human relation to it. New symbols have emerged. In addition to the resurrection of Christ and of spiritual rebirth, symbols of the awakening nature, life, kindness, fertility appear. Various magical patterns on eggs are now found in one of the most delicate forms of arts of our culture. All this reflects people's desire to participate in the celebration. So let’s get involved! Easter is a Christian holiday, however Easter itself is dedicated to both children and adults. Every mature person feels his limitations and impermanence. This is a sign that we are in need of assistance. We require assistance of someone else’s. Our essence rebels, deep in our heart it requires completeness and perfection, which is down to God’s grace. We have to endure this entirety in a world created. Path to a human’s person, road to a perfect unity with God is Christ’s Easter.

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Mothering Sunday, sometimes known as Mother's Day, is held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. It is exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday and usually falls in the second half of March or the beginning of April. Christians call the day Laetare Sunday, Sunday of the Five Loaves or Refreshment Sunday. Traditionally, people visited the church where they were baptised. However, Mothering Sunday is now a celebration of motherhood. Mothering Sunday was originally a time when people returned to the church, in which they were baptised or where they attended services when they were children. This meant that families were reunited as adults who returned to the towns and villages where they grew up. In time, it became customary for young people who were working as servants in large houses, to be given a holiday on Mothering Sunday. They could use this day to visit their own mother and often took a gift of food or hand-me-down clothing from their employers to her. In turn, this moved towards the modern holiday, on which people still visit and take gifts to their mothers. Traditionally, people observe a fast during Lent. Lent is the period from Ash Wednesday (5th of March 2014 this year) until Good Friday (18thof April 2014 this time). During the Lent fast, people did not eat from sweet, rich foods or meat. However, the fast was lifted slightly on Mothering Sunday (hence why the day is called Refreshment Sunday) and many people prepared a Simnel cake to eat with their family on this day. A Simnel cake is a light fruit cake covered with a layer of marzipan and with a layer of marzipan baked into the middle of the cake. Traditionally, Simnel cakes are decorated with 11 balls of marzipan, representing the 12 disciples (minus the traitor Judas Iscariot).

Celebrate St George’s day on 23rd of April with events near you. Go to visitengland.com to find out what’s on.

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Dyeing Easter Eggs Traditional Method These eggs are supposed to be eaten and not hung on branches or used as decorations. Tools and materials  Eggs  Flowers  Leafs  String  onion shells/skins  Saucepan  Water 1. Moist the egg and the flowers/plants with water, that will make it easier for them to stick to the egg. 2. Moist the onion shells and wrap them carefully around the egg. Don't move around the flowers. Red onion shell colours are much stronger in colour than white onion shells, but it can colour too much. It is beautiful when you put little pieces of red onion shell around the egg though. 3. Wrap the string tight around the egg. String that's wrapped around sloppy will fall off when it's cooking. Also, use a lot of string; the tighter you spin the flowers and onion to the egg, the better prints you'll get. 4. Put all the eggs together with the onion shell leftovers into a pot. Cook it for about 15 minutes. 5. Rinse the cooked eggs in cold water and unwrap the string and onion shells carefully. 6. Polish with small amount of cooking oil and soft cloth.

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Modern Method Hardboil your eggs first, and then draw on the eggs with crayons before you dye them. The patterns will appear once they are coloured. Tools and materials  Eggs  Different colour crepe paper or food colouring  Hot water  Small bowls or cups  Slotted spoon  Cooking oil  Soft cloth 1. Soak crepe paper in hot water in individual bowls or cups for each colour or add a few drops of food colouring to each pot of boiling water; if using that method. 2. Add eggs and allow to sit in water until he desired colour is achieved. 3. Remove with slotted spoon and allow to dry. 4. Polish with small amount of cooking oil and soft cloth.

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Very Easy Knitted Bunny This bunny is so simple as it is made from a knitted square – any size is fine. (This one is in 8ply wool on 4mm needles and 28 stitches across.) With the same coloured wool (I have used contrasting wool here so you can see more clearly) and a very big running stitch (stitch a neater line when you do it for real)– stitch across the middle of the square (fold in half if you want to be accurate.) Make sure you have a secure knot at the end as the thread will be pulled later.

Then stitch up into one half of the square to make a triangular shape – as in the picture As you start to pull this thread you can see the head and ears of the bunny start to form.

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Before you pull it too tight – push in some stuffing (I have used pure wool here but you could use polyester) Pull the thread tight and make a couple of stitches through the hole to secure.

Next – stitch down the back of the bunny (square section) leaving a hole big enough to stuff this section. As you get to the end of this part – pull the thread quite firmly so that the point comes up to the bunnies neck. Make a couple of stitches to secure it.

I then position the ears how I’d like them with a few stitches at the base of the ear (to close that bottom part of the ear).

To make the tail I like to make a tiny pom-pom and sew it in place. Experiment with alpaca or angora wool if you’d like a fluffier bunny! Stitch on some eyes, whiskers and a nose to complete your bunny rabbit.

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Mother's Day is fast approaching and the shops are full of mum-related merchandise. But are you still on the lookout for the perfect present? If so maybe our list will help you to think of the perfect idea. Maybe you could buy her:      

A book A bunch of flowers A cake or some cookies A box of chocolates Some toiletries like bubble bath, body wash or shampoo Cook her a lovely meal (why not have a look at the recipes we have included in this edition?)  You could offer to do the washing up and chores whilst she puts her feet up  Maybe you could run her a hot bath with candles

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Mary Berry’s Simnel Cake Recipe Ingredients       

100g/4oz glacé cherries 225g/8oz butter, softened 225g/8oz light muscovado sugar 4 large eggs 225g/8oz self-raising flour 225g/8oz sultanas 100g/4oz currants

  

50g/2oz chopped candied peel 2 lemons, grated zest only 2 tsp ground mixed spice

For the filling and topping  450g/1lb marzipan  1-2 tbsp apricot jam, warmed

Preparation method 1. Preheat the oven to 150oC/Gas mark 2. Grease and line a 20cm/ 8in cake tin. 2. Cut the cherries into quarters, put in a sieve and rinse under running water. Drain well then dry thoroughly on kitchen paper. 3. Place the cherries in a bowl with the butter, sugar, eggs, self-raising flour, sultanas, currants, candied peel, lemon zest and mixed spice and beat well until thoroughly mixed. Pour half the mixture into the prepared tin. 4. Take one-third of the marzipan and roll it out to a circle the size of the tin and then place on top of the cake mixture. Spoon the remaining cake mixture on top and level the surface. 5. Bake in the pre-heated oven for about 2½ hours, or until well risen, evenly brown and firm to the touch. Cover with aluminium foil after one hour if the top is browning too quickly. Leave to cool in the tin for 10 minutes then turn out, peel off the parchment and finish cooling on a wire rack. 6. When the cake is cool, brush the top with a little warmed apricot jam and roll out half the remaining marzipan to fit the top. Press firmly on the top and crimp the edges to decorate. Mark a criss-cross pattern on the marzipan with a sharp knife. Form the remaining marzipan into 11 balls. 7. Brush the marzipan with beaten egg and arrange the marzipan balls around the edge of the cake. Brush the tops of the balls with beaten egg and then carefully place the cake under a hot grill until the top is lightly toasted.

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Hot Cross Bun Pudding Ingredients  6 hot cross buns  Enough butter to spread on the buns  2 handfuls of dried fruit e.g. dried apricots, raisins or sultanas  3 eggs  500ml milk  1 pinch of mixed spice  1 table spoon of brown sugar

Recipe method 1. Preheat oven to 180oC/fan 160oC/Gas 4. 2. Halve the six hot cross buns and spread with butter, cut diagonally into quarters and put in an ovenproof dish butter side up. 3. Add 2 handfuls of dried fruit e.g. dried apricots (chopped), beat 3 eggs with 500ml milk and pour over buns. Leave to soak for 30 minutes – this helps to make a lighter pudding. 4. Sprinkle over a pinch of mixed spice and 1 tbsp of brown sugar and bake for 40 minutes.

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Italian-style Chicken Thin slices of chicken topped with mozzarella, ham, basil and crispy breadcrumbs. Serves 4

Ready in 40 mins

Ingredients 50g Fresh white breadcrumbs 1tbsp Olive oil 4 Chicken breast fillets (skinless)

4 Fresh basil leaves 4 Thin slices cooked ham 125g Mozzarella, sliced

1. Preheat the oven to 200oc/Gas 6. Mix the breadcrumbs with 1tsp of olive oil 2. Put each chicken breast fillet between two pieces of clingfilm and bash with a rolling pin until it is half its original thickness. Remove from the clingfilm and brush both sides of the fillet with olive oil. Cook in a large frying pan for two minutes on each side. 3. Transfer the chicken to a baking tray. Top each fillet with a basil leaf, then wrap in a slice of ham, leaving the join underneath. Top with slices of mozzarella and sprinkle on the breadcrumbs. 4. Bake in the oven for 15-20 mins until the chicken is cooked through and the breadcrumbs are crispy and golden.

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Millionaire’s Shortbread Ingredients 125g caster sugar 350g plain flour 225g salted butter 150g unsalted butter

150g soft brown sugar 397g can of Carnation Condensed Milk 150g dark chocolate (50% cocoa solids) 200g milk chocolate

1. Preheat the oven to 160oc/Gas 3. Line the base and sides of a 20cm x 30cm shallow cake tin with baking paper. Mix the caster sugar with the flour and rub in the salted butter until the mixture looks like breadcrumbs. Tip into the tin and press down very firmly with a large spoon. 2. Bake for 35 minutes until pale golden brown. Leave to cool in the tin. 3. Put the unsalted butter and brown sugar in a pan and heat gently until melted. Add the condensed milk and simmer gently for 8-10 minutes until the mixture thickens slightly. As it cooks stir continuously with a wooden spoon, making sure you take the spoon into the edges of the pan to stop it catching and burning. Pour over the biscuit base and leave until cold. 4. Put the chocolate in a large bowl. Put the bowl over a pan of hot water, making sure the base of the bowl doesn’t touch the water. Leave until the chocolate has melted. 5. As soon as the chocolate has melted, pour onto the caramel and leave until set.

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Recipes Chocolate Caramel Mousse Ingredients 397g can of Carnation Caramel 125g dark chocolate (50% cocoa solids) 125g milk chocolate

4 large eggs (separated) 4tbsp black coffee 2 tbsp caster sugar

1. Add the caramel to a pan with a pinch of salt. Gently warm until it softens. Pour into six small glasses and leave until cold. 2. Put the chocolate in a large bowl and stand it over a pan of simmering water, making sure the base of the bowl doesn’t touch the water. Leave until melted, then immediately remove the bowl from the pan. Set aside for exactly 10 minutes. 3. Mix in the egg yolks with a spoon, and then the coffee. 4. Whisk the egg whites until stiff. Add the caster sugar and whisk until stiff again. Gently fold into the chocolate mixture using a large metal spoon. 5. Spoon on top of the caramel and chill for 2 hours.

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Steaks with Peppercorn Sauce 1tbsp black peppercorns 1tsp sunflower oil Ribeye steak 25g unsalted butter

1 small shallot, finely chopped 125ml beef stock, made with ½ stock cube 2tsp coarse grain mustard 4tbsp double cream

1. Crush the peppercorns, then rub the oil into both sides of the steak. 2. Heat a frying pan until just hot and add the steaks. Cook them over a medium heat until cooked the way you like (see the guide). 3. Remove the steaks from the pan and set aside in a warm place to rest. 4. Meanwhile, make the peppercorn sauce. Reduce the frying pan heat to low and add the butter and chopped shallot. Cook until soft and just starting to turn golden. 5. Add the crushed peppercorns, stock and mustard and simmer for 4 - 5 minutes. 6. Add the cream but do not let the sauce boil. 7. Pour the sauce over the steaks and serve with chunky chips.

Chunky Chips 1 large baking potato

1tbsp sunflower oil

1. Preheat the oven to 220oC/gas mark 7. 2. Cut the unpeeled potato into chunky chips. 3. Put the chips in a pan, cover with cold water and bring to the boil. Simmer for 3 minutes and then drain. 4. Pat the chips dry with kitchen paper. Put in a bowl, drizzle over the oil and toss to coat. 5. Spread out on a baking tray and bake for 25 – 30 minutes. Season with salt and serve with the steaks.

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Veggie Cottage Pie 700g medium-sized potatoes 2tbsp sunflower oil 1 medium onion, diced 1 stick of celery, diced 150g carrots, diced 250g mushrooms, chopped 350g Quorn Mince 400g can green lentils, drained 3tbsp tomato ketchup 3tbsp brown sauce 1. Preheat the oven to 200oC/Gas mark 6. Put the unpeeled potatoes in a large pan, cover with cold water and bring to the boil. Cover the pan and simmer for 15 minutes. Drain and set aside to cool. 2. Heat 1tbsp of oil in a large pan and cook the onion, celery and carrots for 5 minutes. Add the mushrooms and cook for 5 minutes, stirring often. 3. Add the Quorn mince, lentils, ketchup, brown sauce and 200ml of water. Cover and simmer for 10 minutes. Transfer to an over proof dish. 4. While the Quorn is cooking peel the potatoes and grate them coarsely. Put in a bowl and toss with the remaining oil. 5. Cover the Quorn filling with the potato. Bake for 30-35 minutes.

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The Hidden Traps in the World of Beauty Next time you apply that ravishing scarlet red lipstick and immerse into the mist of the famous Chanel No. 5 - think twice. What is more important to you – beauty or health? With more and more famous brands trying to persuade us to purchase another miraculously working anti-wrinkle cream or another life changing lip gloss, we cannot escape but surrender to their alluring effect without realising the price we might pay. Environmental Working Group in USA found that the average women use 12 products containing a total of 168 unique ingredients every day. Their study “Exposures Add Up” also showed that through using these products on a daily basis, one in 13 women are exposed to ingredients that are known or probable human carcinogens and one in 24 women are exposed to ingredients that are known or probable reproductive and developmental toxins, linked to impaired fertility or developmental harm for a baby in the womb or a child For instance, The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics tested 33 popular brands of lipsticks at an independent lab for lead content. The results showed that 61 percent of lipsticks contained lead, with levels ranging up to 0.65 parts per million. Lead-contaminated brands included L'Oreal, Cover Girl, Body Shop, Maybelline, Revlon and even a $24 tube of Dior Addict. Not only lead was detected in lipsticks. Concentrations of titanium and aluminium, manganese, chromium and nickel were discovered too. Presence of these ingredients in cosmetics products can cause allergic reactions, ulcerations, dermatitis, shortness of breath, may affect kidneys, liver and stomach. An expanded FDA (The U.S. Food and Drug Administration) study has found lead in hundreds of lipsticks at levels up to 7.19 ppm (parts per million) - more than 70 times higher than the FDA’s limit for lead in candy of 0.1 ppm, a limit set by FDA to protect children from lead exposure. The candy limit is based on the reasoning that 0.1 ppm is the lowest lead level that can be achieved in candy Five of the 10 most lead-contaminated brands in the FDA study are made by L’Oreal USA. Laboratory tests commissioned by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics and analyzed by Environmental Working Group revealed 38 secret chemicals in 17 name-brand fragrance products, topped by American Eagle Seventy Seven with 24, Coco Mademoiselle Chanel with 18, and Britney Spears Curious and Giorgio Armani Acqua Di Gio with 17. Their ‘Not So Sexy’ Report statistics showed that the average fragrance product tested contained 14 secret chemicals not listed on the label. Among them are chemicals associated with hormone

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disruption and allergic reactions, and many substances that have not been assessed for safety in personal care products. In 2012 reports emerged stating that the classic scent Chanel No. 5 as well as Miss Dior were due to be banned because of traces of tree and oak moss, which was on a list of allergens deemed to be unsafe, however both Chanel No. 5 and Miss Dior are still on shelves and available for purchase. So is there anything you can do to prevent yourself from hazardous cosmetic products? Reducing quantity of cosmetic products, reading labels and checking for harmful ingredients is necessary, however, knowing that some potentially harmful ingredients are kept secret and are not indicated on labels, makes things complicated. For this reason, it is beneficial to check these websites –www.safecosmetics.org and www.ewg.org/skindeep for the latest news and extensive database of cosmetic products which allows you to check whether your beloved cream or lipstick contain any dangerous substances. Be sure to share this information with your friends and family. And perhaps, next time when your hand reaches for that attractive jar of almighty serum of youth or magical scent which turns heads – think again – maybe you could save that money instead for an interesting book, a new dress or even holiday.

S O M E O F T H E C O S M E T I C I N G R E D I E N T S T O AV O I D :

1. SYNTHETIC FRAGRANCES 2. PARABENS 3. TRIETHANOLAMINE 4. IMIDAZOLIDINYL UREA 5. PETROLATUM 6. PROPYLENE GLYCOL 7. PVP/VA COPOLYMER 8. STEARALKONIUM CHLORIDE 9. SYNTHETIC COLORS 10. SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE

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C H U R C H I L L K H B W Q N

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O W J V B F E U P O L I Y G L

L R L S R L H A B I N E O S R

L E G E K A T X R W U C D V Q E X S D L O A V L Y T M E R Q U N L F N T A T D O O I H E D U C A T O S F B E N V X H W P

X A M V S Z P S U U I F A G D C N L V M T W E X L N K N T F Q P K T E Y N O C G D M I S O

CHURCHILL COLLEGE LONDON HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE TUTOR EXCELLENT EDEXCEL

ASSIGNMENT LECTURE BUSINESS STUDY UNITS MARKETING EDUCATE

Easy

Medium

L C T E W O P S U A F C N R C

D Y U N S B Q J E P E F D Z S W U G I C D S N D W X E J I E S V X M T W Q R C U K D E B E Q O R P H R T U C N K S T U D P G C E Q E X E W T I A L C A

Q B U Z F M V A Q R B K Y E S T P I L N N G Y Z S V U I R E

THE WORDS CAN BE FOUND DIAGONAL, UP AND DOWN, BACK TO FRONT

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Bethnal Green Tube Station Disaster At Bethnal Green Tube station the worst civilian disaster of the Second World War took place. In Victoria Park they were testing the ack- ack guns when the air raid siren went off and people thought that German bomber planes were overhead; so they all rushed to the nearest air-raid shelter which happened to be Bethnal Green tube station. As the mass of frightened people rushed to the steps of the station one person fell causing the others to fall on top which lead to many others piling on top of each other. When they finally pulled people from the station it was found that 144 men, women and children had died, crushed one on top of the other, and the worst thing was that there was no planes overhead.

Life after the War Those children born in the late 1940’s early 1950’s were known as the baby boomers. As the Second World War finished, the men who had fought to keep this country free began returning home to their wives and loved ones and this led to more children being born. Food Rationing was still in place until about the middle of the 1950’s so most women grew a lot of their food, to supplement their meagre diet, or went to the local markets to the illegal traders known as the black marketeers. The 1940’s and early 1950’s the most popular music was the big band sound such as Glen Miller or Lee Dorsey and of course there was Rock and Roll. Dancing meant that you danced as a pair together (you and your girl) and you would jitterbug, jive, waltz and foxtrot around the floor.

School Most children would attend Nursery school which was attached to their Primary school. Each school was divided into three sections Nursery, Infants and Juniors. At age 11 every child sat the 11+ those who passed went onto Grammar School those who failed went to what was then called a Secondary Modern school. In later years this was changed, the 11+ was dropped and all children went onto a Comprehensive school from their primary which was to give every child equal opportunities in education. This new school system was brought in by the Labour government, equal status to every child.

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Housing Most families lived in shared accommodation with other family members. Many lived in what was known as a two up and two down, Mum, Dad and brothers and sisters would be living downstairs with a married sister and her family living upstairs. Personal hygiene was sometimes a problem with just a cold water tap and no bathroom just a tin bath so all water had to be boiled in pots on the stove or the fire to fill the bath. The toilet was outside in the garden and it was extremely cold going out there in winter. There was still a big housing shortage due to the extensive bombing of the East End when enemy bombers followed the path of the River Thames which brought them right into London but the East End took the majority of the bombing due to the docks. Quite a lot of times they missed the docks and bombed the surrounding populated areas killing a lot of civilians and destroying houses. Craters were still seen all over the East End right up until the sixties when the housing boom started and new homes were built. Nearly all the homes in the East End were overcrowded and it was not until the 1960’s that a big surge in house rebuilding took place and they started putting us into tower blocks thinking that this was a good way to end the housing shortage. The terraced streets were replaced with high rise tower blocks of flats known as streets in the sky. This caused families to move out of the East End to Essex and further afield, to gain a better standard of living.

Employment Most men worked in the docks as Docker’s, Stevedores, Lightermen or ships riggers. This trade flourished until the late sixties when the London docks closed and all freight was moved to Tilbury container dock. Dock work was hard manual work which entailed the loading and unloading of cargo off of ships. They were employed by the Port of London Authority as casual dock workers; which meant that if there were no boats in dock then there was no work. If only one or two boats came in and there was more men than they needed then the tally clerk had to choose the teams that would work. But sometimes the tally clerk would throw the work tickets into the crowd of men and they would fight each other to get the ticket for a day’s work. Most girls left school and went into the rag trade, based round the Whitechapel area. Whitechapel at the time was a mainly Jewish area and many years before them it was inhabited by French silk weavers (Huguenots) who had fled France due to religious persecution. In the late sixties and early seventies the area had started to become inhabited by a new wave of immigrants. 3838


Culture The East End was an area of deep beliefs and a moral code of living. When a new baby arrived mother and baby had to go straight to church to be churched; which meant that you gave thanks for a safe delivery of the child and for your health as the mother. It was seen as extremely bad luck to take a baby out if they had not been churched. Most babies were baptised/Christened before they were 6 weeks old; parents were frightened that if something happened then the child would not get into Heaven. You could always rely on something falling off the back of a lorry (items that were destined to be delivered to a store from a factory would sometimes ‘not end up on the lorry’) for some cheap goods which came in very handy when getting near Christmas. If people were going on the rob (to pick pocket or burgle) it was not seen right for them to rob anyone in the East End as you did not do anything wrong on your own doorstep; you went up West if you wanted to rob. You went up West to take from the toffs (toffee nosed/upper-class people) living in the West End as they were perceived to have plenty. A true East Ender is born within the sound of the Bow Bells and would therefore be known as a Cockney and would be proud of it. As more buildings are built the sound of the church bells cannot reach as far and so less people are counted as Cockneys.

Most Cockney’s used Rhyming slang and we still use some of it today. MINCE PIES PLATES OF MEAT APPLES AND PEARS WHISTLE AND FLUTE BROWN BREAD MUTTON JEFF KITE SUITED AND BOOTED DOG AND BONE TROUBLE AND STRIFE RABBITING PORK PIES READIES SKIRT BARNET FAIR BUTCHER’S HOOK ADAM AND EVE JACK JONES

EYES FEET STAIRS SUIT DEAD DEAF CHEQUE DRESSED UP PHONE WIFE TALKING LIES CASH GIRL HAIR LOOK BELIEVE ALONE 3939


Syeda Hussain Tanvir’s Writing London Churchill College is famous not only for its qualified and enthusiastic lecturers, but also for our lecturers’ artistic children! Our lecturer Syed Hussain Tanvir must be really proud of his daughter Syeda who at the tender age of eight started writing poems and stories. Not only does she writes but she also gets published in such story books as Wicked words – a Collection of Spooky Stories

and Poems, Around the World in 80 words - UK stories.

On behalf of London Churchill College we all wish Miss Syeda success in writing and may inspiration never evaporate! Here are examples of Syeda’s literary talent:

Magic Winter Under the thick sheet of snow, I saw a glow. It was a shining snowball. Under the snowy tree, I saw a friendly glee. It was my friend, Alicia. Near my cold garden, I saw a helpless burden. It asked for help so I helped him. Near my house, I saw a winter mouse. It squeaked and I gave a little piece of cheese to it. We exchanged smiles. The feeling of the wind crept through me Like the feeling of a grin. I turned it into the feeling of happiness. When winter ended, All the snow was blended, Now it is time for summer.

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The Hot-Air Balloon Once upon a time there was a girl called Annabella. She wanted to go to Scotland, but she didn’t have enough money. She made a hotair balloon on her own. She watched Niagara Falls cheerfully. She finally arrived in Scotland. She landed, careful not to hurt anyone or break anything. She somehow became popular for travelling a long way. A lot of people came to her to sign their papers. She became popular and very, very famous.


The Boy with the Wolf Curse The heavy iron gate was opened by Jacque. The wolf curse is when a baby boy’s mother dies of malaria. When Jacque was young, his mother died of malaria. Jacque knew he had the curse. He also knew when the boy’s sixteen years old, they will get haunted by spirits and ghosts. It’s Jacque’s sixteenth birthday tomorrow and he doesn’t know what to do. He started screaming and shouting but he knew that wouldn’t help, so he stopped. The next day all of his friends started to come. Whenever he opened the door, he always saw a ghost. He knew he was gonna be haunted for the rest of his entire life. Then he had an amazing idea. He will pretend he is a scary ghost or spirit. When his party was over he made a spirit costume. He knew this was a great idea. He tried it out that night. No ghosts or spirits came. He kept on lying and going undercover. It was his bad deeds. God had decided when Jacque died he shall be fed to the snakes and will suffer due to his cruel behaviour. One day, while Jacque was hiding from the police, God made him trip over the road and die. The police found him. He was taken to the hospital. He sadly died there. He suffered a lot. He was fed to snakes....

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Unless you bring me champagne and flowers there will be a resubmission charge

“I will do anything for a biryani”

Friday night – “So are we having the weekend from tonight?” Your brain works better than the computer’s; even better than my brains.

My jokes are so embarrassing, even I hide in shame

(Whilst discussing a possibility to employ a new teacher) To himself: we need fresh blood as the current one never stays, it is always running.

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Live long and prosper. Until the day after tomorrow.

Stop! Your King has spoken


Answer to Puzzle Corner’s Wordsearch C H U R C H I L L

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Telephone: 0207 377 1077 Fax: 0207 247 9007 Email: info@londonchurchillcollege.co.uk Web: www.londonchurchillcollege.co.uk


LCC Chronicle March 2014  

This is the 2nd issue of Churchill Chronicle

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