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LONDON 2050

WHAT WOULD YOU DO? Edited by Carla Novak and Ellen Ward


Our Manifesto: In 2050... WILL BE A NEED FOR LOCALISED WASTE 1 THERE REPROCESSING

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Continual oppression will lead to uprising and increased rebellion against the government.

Waste management at the point of consumption

WILL BE A NEED FOR A BROADER 2 THERE UNDERSTANDING OF WASTE TREATMENT As waste is fundamental to daily living

WILL BE 3 THERE INFRASTRUCTURE

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A NEED FOR REHABILITATION OF ANTI - SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR As anti-social behaviour becomes out of control there will be a need to rehabilitate offenders instead of merely incarcerating them.

A NEED FOR LOCALISED

WILL BE AN INCREASED NEED TO ADDRESS 10 THERE GANG CULTURE

and

distribution

Gang culture and anti-social behaviour will continue to increase unless the issue is addressed.

INCORPORATE

DIDACTIC

WILL BE A NEED TO ADDRESS SEVERE 11 THERE OVERCROWDING IN PRISONS

Providing clear information that is easily recognisable

Reduced public funding and increased incarceration will continue to exacerbate the overcrowding of our already full prisons.

Reducing

transportation

costs

facilities over long distances

SHOULD 4 WASTE SURFACES

in the form of info-graphics

EMPHASIS ON

WILL BE A NEED TO DIFFUSE PRISONS 12 THERE WITHIN THE CITY

Increase awareness of environmental impact and a strong reliance upon emerging technology

With many prisons overcrowded, prisoners will need to be dispersed into the city using tagging & house arrest.

WASTE WILL BE THE MAIN CAUSE FOR 6 ELECTRONIC CONCERN

WILL BE A NEED TO ADDRESS FEMALE 13 THERE INCARCERATION

Requiring a need for reclamation of components and recycling facilities

With more women being jailed for anti-soical behaviour this will continue to add to issues concerning female imprisonment

NEED FOR AN ALTERNATIVE TO LANDFILL 7 STRONG FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE

& REGULATIONS GOVERNING PUBLIC SPACE 14 RULES WILL CHANGE THE IDEA OF PUBLIC SPACE

Engaging in environmental issues and the localism agenda

The increasing regulation of public space will in fact

WILL BE A STRONG 5 THERE RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES

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THERE WILL BE CONTINUED UPRISING AGAINST CENTRAL GOVERNMENT

reduce the freedom of the public within the city


“This is a Plan for growth and opportunity. In a London that means welcoming development, ensuring it delivers social, environmental and other aims.” Boris Johnson, The London Plan, July 2011

The London Plan Target Setting For London’s Future: Current Environmental, Social & Political Issues The London Plan was first published in 2004 under the requirements of the Greater London Authority Act, 1999 and later updated in 2008 when Boris Johnson assumed the post in city hall. The document consisited of the Mayor of London’s strategic planning proposals and six key objectives for the future of the capital: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

To accommodate London’s growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces To make London a better city for people to live in To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse economic growth To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination To improve London’s accessibility To make London a more attractive, well- designed and green city

The London plan covers a wide range of social and enivironmental concerns for London’s future, one of which is climate change: “Some climate change is now inevitable. Although it is impossible to predict how these changes will impact on London specifically, it is likely that the direction and speed of change are such that the effects of this will be increasingly felt over the period of this London Plan. By 2050, what

we in this country think of as being a heat wave of the kind experienced in the summer of 2003 may well be the norm. The Government’s latest UK Climate Change Projections suggest that by the 2050s, London could see an increase in mean summer temperature of 2.7 degrees, an increase in mean winter rainfall of 15 per cent and a decrease in mean summer rainfall of 18 per cent over a 1961–1990 baseline” The London Plan, July 2011, p27

The plan also set a self sufficiency target for managing all of London’s waste of 85% by 2020. Currently the ARUP group estimates that 60% of London’s waste (19m tonnes) is managed inside London. The construction and demolition industry are by far the best performers managing nearly 95% in London of which 85% is recycled. It is the household, commercial and industrial waste streams that require the most facilities. In 2006/07, the municipal waste recycling rate in London was up to 20%, somewhat short of the targets set in The Municipal Waste Management Strategy (MWMS) but a significant improvement all the same. However, as for the rest, 57% was buried in landfill sites and 22% was burnt in incinerators. Although recycling has now gathered a momentum, education and improvement in services is still required, but above all London needs its own facilities to sort, manage and process these materials at the point of consumption.

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4 ‘45 Charles Darwin publishes “The Origin of Species” London subway opens

Britain produces almost a third of the world’s manufactured goods Great depression Britain occupies Cyprus British troops occupies Egypt

‘51 ‘54 ‘59 ‘63 ‘70 ‘73 ‘77 ‘82

featuring futuretimeline.net ‘84

1840

Political, Social and Architectural Timeline ‘91

1900

‘08 ‘11 ‘14 ‘98 ‘01 ‘04 ‘02 ‘12 ‘06 ‘21 ‘24 ‘26 ‘29 ‘33 ‘28 ‘31 ‘34 ‘39 ‘40

Germany Surrenders, US releases Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima/Nagasaki, Cold War

Uk Declares war on Germany. WWII Winston Churchill Prime Minister

‘18

Strikes on Coal industry Stalin Introduced Russia’s 5 year plan World Stock Market Crashes Econmic Crisis, Unemployment rises, Coalition Governement Hilter and Nazi party rises to power in Germany. Stalin Starts the ‘Great Purge’ kiilling thousands of people

Labour Government in Power. Lenin Dies, Stalin Rises to Power

Ireland become Independant

WWI Ends

WWI starts

Britain & France sign a novel treaty to fend off of the treaty of the German navy

Britain & Germany engage in a ‘naval race’ Britain holds a conference on imperial defence

Queen Victoria dies Japan signs London treaty British troops occupy Tibet

Britain occupies Sudan

28% of the British population lives in the countryside

Under new reform 12.1% of the adult population is allowed to vote

Crimean war

Neptune was discovered

British policies cause a famine in Ireland

Nelson’s column

50% of Britain’s population lives in the countryside

‘43 ‘45


‘69 ‘73 ‘79 ‘82 ‘84 ‘81 ‘83 ‘88 ‘91 ‘94 ‘97 ‘15 ‘18 ‘21 ‘24 ‘01 ‘04 ‘07 ‘09 ‘11 ‘90 ‘17 ‘19 ‘99 ‘03 ‘05 ‘08 ‘10 ‘12 ‘32 ‘34 ‘28 ‘29 ‘33

2000

Helter-Skelter, Thames Hub Cheese Grater & project Walkie Talkie towers

Major extinctions of animal and plant life Quantum computers are widely available

"Energy islands" are appearing in coastal regions Global average temperatures have risen by 2°C Global population reaches 9 billion

Manned mission to Mars The �inal phase of Britain's HS2 rail link is completed Exabyte storage devices are available

UK population reaches 70m Heavy automation of supermarkets and retail environments

The European Union expands Scientists drill into Earth's mantle Computers break the exa�lop barrier Lunar-resonant streetlights are appearing in many cities Traditional microchips are reaching the limits of miniaturisation The biggest refugee crisis in world history

British forces withdraw from Afghanistan

Labour Wins Election UK forces take part in the air war with Yugoslavia UK forces intervene in Sierra Leone Blair Re-elected UK joins US-led military campaign against Iraq. London congestion charge started Iraq Survey Group concludes that Iraq did not possess weapons of mass destruction London Bombing, Anti- Terrorism Bill Passed Gordon Brown Becomes labour leader record stock market falls precipitated by the global "credit crunch". UK economy comes out of recession News of the World Closes, London Riots London Olympics

Tony Blair becomes Labour Party Leader

Thatcher resigns, John Major becomes Prime Minister UK takes part in US-led military campaign to liberate Kuwait from Iraq

Lockerbie Bombing

Margaret Thatcher becomes prime minister. She begins to introduce free-market policies. government begins programme of privatisation of state-run industries. Falkland War High unemployment, unrest in UK inner cities, continuing violence in Northern Ireland. The IRA attempts to assassinate Margaret Thatcher

Industry is on a three-day week because of strike by power workers and miners.

Mods and Rockers violence began UK application to join European Economic Community, Park Hill Estate Completed Cuba Missile Crisis

‘61 ‘60 ‘62 British troops sent to quell unrest in Northern Ireland, The Barbican Centre completed

UK intervenes in Suez Canal Zone, but withdraws under pressure from the US

begins NHS created UK becomes member of NATO Scientist con�irm that carbon dioxide could build up in the atmosphere and cause global warming Stalin DIes

5 ‘48 ‘50 ‘53 ‘56 ‘49 ‘52 ‘40 ‘42 ‘45 ‘47 ‘41

2050

Welcome to the High-Rise

Detoxcity: Waste reprocessing tower

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Rehabilitated

dispersed within the city. Under GPS tagging laws the prisoner is then confined to the home with limited rehabilitation taking place and consequently the chance of re-offending is high.

hmrp wandsworth Her

Majesty’s Rehabilitation Wandsworth

Park

By Carla Novak ‘A Clockwork Orange’ describes a future where a group of uncontrollable youths run wild, committing acts of violence and debauchery. As an apparent solution to the youth problem the government start a rehabilitation system that uses mind control and negative reinforcement as a way of controlling behaviour. However Burgess is keen to point out that the process is fundamentally flawed as the prisoner is forced to act in a socially responsible way rather than willingly choosing to do so of their own accord.

Our current government are continuously trying to find ways to rehabilitate prisoners with little effect. With 80% of prisoners re-offending, it is clear that prisons in their current format are not the answer to dealing with London’s crime issues. With crime rising, prisons filling up and a need for rehabilitation rather than incarceration, this project takes the themes explored in ‘A Clockwork Orange’ and considers an alternative approach to prison sites, in particular HMS Wandsworth, to which ‘Alex’ was initially sentenced in Burgess’ novel. Women within the prison system are largely dismissed. Indeed, no female ‘droogs’ appear in Burgess’ novel. The huge difference in numbers of male and female prisoners means the specific needs of women prisoners have been overlooked. Women prisoners are much more likely to be solely responsible for the care of children and the maintenance of a home than male prisoners. Because of this, prison impacts disproportionately negatively on many women prisoners, often resulting in the loss of a home and serious disruption to the lives of their children. The majority of sentenced female prisoners are held for non-violent offences, and pose a lower level of risk to the public.

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GPS tagging is increasing as a result of overcrowding in prisons, resulting in the prison effectively becoming

The notion of behavioural control can be found within the city itself, with public space bound by rules and regulations that moderate societal behaviour. The rules of a park mirror (and in many ways make spatial) those of the anti-social behaviour order, created to actively confine behaviour to that which is deemed to be socially acceptable. Utilising the role of landscape in advocating this notion of accepted public conduct, the government look to increase the effectiveness of prisons by using largescale park landscapes as rehabilitation systems. The rehabilitation park is used to teach prisoners vocational work while producing and maintaining a public space for the local community. The functions and program of a conventional prison are adapted and become dispersed and unfolded throughout the park, thereby reducing solitary confinement of the prisoner. Increasing levels of public interaction reduces numbers of institutionalised prisoners and therefore the likelihood of re-offending. The park permanently accommodates female inmates while young offenders check in for rehabilitation sessions to adhere to their anti-social behaviour orders.

HMS Wandsworth is therefore changed from a high security prison to a rehabilitative landscape, with picturesque vistas and romantic landscapes. Instead of cellblocks, lodges are placed within walls that allude to typologies of English garden ‘follies’ - all for the enjoyment of the public. HMS Wandsworth is transformed into HMRP Wandsworth; Her Majesty’s Rehabilitation Park. The prisoners are rehabilitated with gardening work creating landscapes, topiary, flowerbeds and tranquil gardens. This work encourages team-building, focus and creates new skill sets to be taken on once released at the end of a sentence. Lodge A Permanent Inmates


Rehabilation Park Landscape

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London 2050: Detoxcity By Ellen Ward Detoxicty is a multi-waste treatment facility which is integrated into the urban fabric of the capital which treats and processes the entire spectrum of waste including industrial, hazardous, municipal, water and electrical-waste. In essence, a localised reclamation facility which acts metabolically, detoxing and purifying waste in the heart of the city. It is at a specific existing advantageous location along the river Thames in terms of access to the site. Waste barges carrying municipal waste up and down the Thames already have access to the site as this is currently a waste transfer station. It has rail access adjacent to the East, road access to the North of the site and lastly it lies directly above the victorian sewerage network. By avoiding the transportation of waste disposal over long distances (predominantly to Essex,) this enables reintegration close to the site of consumption and waste production, thus becoming an efficient adjunct

The Aesthetic of Infrastructure Site 1: Barnes

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Site 2: Greenwich

to the cities core processes. The net effect is that the process is generally marginalised as the peripheral is centralised. In order to create a waste management system for the future, new and emerging technologies need to be considered: anaerobic digestion and advanced thermal treatment technologies, which recover energy as part of the waste treatment process, are fundamental strategies to meet this aim. Come 2050, localised waste reprocessing in London borough’s will be fundamental to sustaining environmental & economic growth. In order to achieve this; The Aesthetic of Infrastructure is a proposal for five waste treatment facilities which will contain partial prototype structures which can be prefabricated with systematic alterations according to site specificity. These five facilities will be accessible to the general public, be spread across London and will ultimately act as catalyst’s for localised waste reprocessing within the heart of the capital. Site 3: Brixton

Site 4: Barking


5 4 2 1

3

Chosen sites Reprocessing plants Anaerobic digestors Composting Sludge treatment MBT plant Incinerators Clinical waste Trmt Hazardous Waste Trmt Battery recycling Elv, Mrs & Vdep WEEE MRF’s Transfer Other EFW Landfill Other waste plant Smaller waterways Electricity pylon Gas pipelines Uground electricity cbl Commerical Providers London hotspots Signal spills w’less nwk The river Thames Station locations National rail lines Northern line District line Central line Metropolitan line Piccadilly line Bakerloo line Jubilee line Central line Victoria line

Multi-Layered Mapping

Existing infrastructural networks in London 2012 (pictured above) highlight the over-lapping core services within the capital, thus emphasising specific opportune areas for waste reprocessing for the future. Site 5: Hammersmith

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Doubleplusungood: Tom Gallant

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Simply put, doubleplusungood means the worst. In 2050 Newspeak becomes the official language of Oceania in Orwell’s 1984. By then, according to UN figures, the world population, estimated to be 9.3 billion, will be unsustainable leading to use of vertical farms. Oceania, ruled by Ingsoc, English Socialism, will depend on its sea defences, one of the reasons why the Party highlights the Floating Fortresses.

The towers are Trellick Tower, which had it’s first residency association in 1984. The engravings from Gustav Doré depict the sky from the dawn of the new Jerusalem, the last image in the Bible, the sea from an illustration for Dante’s Inferno of the river Styx and the rocks from Dante’s descent into Hell. In 2001 Tom Gallant held a fellowship at the Royal Academy Schools, followed by a residency at Stichting B.a.d, Rotterdam in 2003 and his first solo show at Museum 52 in 2004, Collector I. Gallant’s work is included in many major international collections and his recent exhibitions include Kaliphilia, Vegas Gallery and The Yellow Wallpaper, Danson House, London.

London 2050: What Would You Do? The London 2050 team have investigated social, political or environmental issues that we believe will be significant in the future through our Thesis proposals. What we find interesting is the distinct difference between our two proposals, both of which speculate on what issues will be important in 2050.

With both of our backgrounds in Architecture we were interested in what other disciplines predict for London 2050. As well as architectural designers, we asked artists, illustrators and graphic designers to submit their predictions, speculations and solutions that best express what they feel London will be like in 2050. We received a wide varety of compelling ideas, from all areas of the world. Here is a selection of the most intriguing pieces...

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No Bull: Unlimited

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In 2050 a radical but logical step will have to be taken to save the planet... to outlaw the consumption of beef and the mass production of livestock.

Worldwide, farmed animals produce more greenhouse gas emissions than the world’s entire transport system. Beef prohibition will drastically reduce the more potent greenhouse gases methane and nitrous oxide. Methane has around 25 times the global warming impact of CO2 while nitrous oxide has 296 times the Global Warming Potential.

Livestock uses 30% of the earth’s entire land surface – mostly pasture but also including 33% of global arable land, used to produce their feed. Forests are cleared to create new pastures, being a major driver of deforestation whilst herds cause wide-scale land degradation and damage the Earth’s increasingly scarce water resources. The human cost through excessive consumption is cancer, heart disease and obesity. In 2050 action will have to be taken – no beef, less shit, makes a happy planet!

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Unlimited is a graphic design studio based in Brighton, formed in 2008 by Patrick & Sara Morrissey. © Unlimited www.weareunlimited.co.uk

Welcome alien visitors: Branislav Spasojevic M.Arch.

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Branislav Spasojevic graduated from University of Belgrade in 2009 with a Masters in Architecture. He is currently working for the architecture office Modular in Belgrade, Serbia.


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Apostate Media Agency: Penghan Wu

Olympic 2012 London is coming, is it as good opportunity for the East Londoner’s as the government expected? No. In recent years, a lot of cities use the ‘mega event’ strategy for it’s urban development and to be competitive throughout the world. On the one hand the strategy brings a lot of benefits to the city without doubt, but on the other hand it increases social segregation. The project is focused on how to promote urban development that stimulates social integration based on the existing situation and the opportunity by the London Olympic strategy to achieve the mayor’s vision for London. This outlines a global city with increased economic growth, social inclusivity and improved an environment in the five most deprived boroughs of London in the post- Olympic stage. In order to achieve this aim, the project creates a new centrality in order to attract people globally from outside to interact with the locals. Meanwhile improving the living conditions of the local communities based on research of the centralities of London. Penghan Wu completed his Master of Science in Urbanism from Delf University of Technology in 2010. He is currently studing at Present Strelka Insitute for Media, Architecture and Design in Moscow.

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Guildsman architecture: Battersea Floating District

PAST...

The scheme looks ahead to post-apocalyptic flooding resilience following on from collapse of the Greenland Ice Shelf.

PRESENT...

FUTURE? PLEASE... BACK TO THE ROOTS!

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Past, Present, Future?: Josep Muñoz i Pérez

Josep Muñoz i Pérez, an Architect, graduated from ESTAB with honours in 2002 and gained professional experience from prestigious studios in Barcelona before establishing JMP land.art.architecture in 2004.

It proposes that the Power Station become an outreach research facility for the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, dedicated to Urban Food Growth Research.

The buildings are vertical marinas with each “apartment” designed as a super-insulated timber passivehaus sailing craft with retractible dyna-rig sail and solar PV shells. The upper levels of the marinas, which use timber roundwood waste in a hybrid spaceframe structure, grow food hydroponically, recycling black waste from the apartments as fertiliser and producing potable water via deep sand filtration. Guildsman works throughout the UK from its base outside Cardiff. Its Principal, Nadim Mirza, is a Chartered Architect who trained at the Centre for Alternative Technology in Machynlleth.

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Welcome to the new headquarters of the

APOSTATE MEDIA AGENCY FLEET STREET, LONDON

“Apostate Media Agency” It is the lair of the “renegade preacher”, the charismatic evangelist of news, a collector of information. He reinterprets this data, peeling away the layers of artificiality to expose his “truth”, which is then projected out to the world. As an impartial organization free from the trappings of religious faith, sectional views or political party, it has no allegiances. The Preacher collects data and represents this cultural and political “weather” in the form of a daily internet news broadcast, along with a web-based blog and a limited circulation tabloid style news sheet. Part informative, part performance, his message has to be seen neither as commercial nor propaganda; it is uncensored and reactive, a celebration of the real. His performance disintegrates the accepted urban aesthetic and presents the “ugly truth”. It is poetic though putrid. Apostate Media sits at the point of collision between the digital and the analogue. It exists in a state between the real and the imagined, in a fissure of time. Its digital form only becomes visible during the weekly broadcasts; at other times, it lies anonymous within the cityscape of Fleet Street. In doing so, the Apostate headquarters is amplified and projected into an imaginary tomorrow, one which materializes against a backdrop of what London might be like in 2057.

Hardware ANALOGUE (OFF-AIR)

Apostate Media Agency: Alex Jones

APOS07

>

>

High level view from East

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Jones’ proposal is the lair of the “renegade preacher”, the charismatic evangelist of news, a collector of information. He reinterprets this data, peeling away the layers of artificiality to expose his “truth”, which is then projected out to the world. The Preacher collects data and represents this cultural and political “weather” in the form of a daily internet news broadcast, along with a web-based blog and a limited circulation tabloid style news sheet. Part informative, part performance, his message has to be seen neither as commercial nor propaganda; it is uncensored and reactive, a celebration of the real. 2

Apostate Media sits at the point of collision between the digital and the analogue. It exists in a state between the real and the imagined, in a fissure of time. Its digital form only becomes visible during the weekly broadcasts; at other times, it lies anonymous within the cityscape of Fleet Street. In doing so, the Apostate headquarters is amplified and projected into an imaginary tomorrow, one which materialises against a backdrop of what London might be like in 2050. Alex completed his Graduate Diploma in Architecture 1: The newsroom tower: “The physical embodiment of the news” at Westminster University in 2007. Currently Alex is ANALOGUE made DIGITAL 2: The Walled Garden: working for Heatherwick Studio in charge of the Hong “The delaminating shed” ANALOGUE made DIGITAL Kong office. 3: The media storage facility:

ate Media Agency" magined" of "Digital Apostate" DCASTING (ON-AIR)

ency for the 21st Century, drawn out from the mist of the artificial, exists in the digital breakdown

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“The chamber of subversion” DIGITAL made ANALOGUE

4: The public broadcast studio: “The theatre of news” DIGITAL made ANALOGUE

The analogue at the moment of broadcast, the real is dissolves into the digital realm and the preacher is elevated to his desired position.

APOS07


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Tom Muller: The Scallop Divers Of Enceladus

International Saturn Exploration Initiative (I.S.E.I.) propaganda

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Labour Liberal Conservative Which popular fiction novel do you think best predicts a future London? party Democrats party

Green party

Clockwork Orange, Anthony Burgess

V for Vendetta, Alan Moore

Drowner World, J G Ballard

Brave New World, Aldous Huxley

1984, George Orwell

Other

9%

17%

7%

17%

28%

22%

Which stream of waste do you think will be the main concern in 2050? Clockwork Drowner World, V for Vendetta, Orange, J G Ballard Alan Moore Anthony Burgess Industrial/

Brave New World, Aldous Huxley

Heat waste

Electrical waste

agricultural waste

Municipal waste

Wastewater

Recyclable waste

8%

28%

26%

16%

7%

15%

Othe

198 George O

Which political party do you think will be in power in 2050? Bought by a sports club Conservative

Provately owned Heat Liberal

Turned into public spaceElectrical

33%

12%

22%

THE LONDON 2050 SURVEY RESULTS

party

waste Democrats

Labour waste party

Clockwork Orange, Anthony Burgess

Heat waste

Other

Industrial/ agricultural Green waste party

17%

Wastew

16%

What would you like to happen to the London Olympic site after the games?

Alan Moore

Provately ownedWorld, Drowner J G Ballard

Turned into public space Brave New World, Aldous Huxley

Other 1984, George Orwell

14%

8%

72%

6%

Bought by a club Vsports for Vendetta,

71%

OF PEOPLE THINK CURRENT SOCIO-POLITICAL ISSUES WILL STILL BE RELEVANT IN 2050

Electrical waste

51%

OF PEOPLE ARE INTERESTED IN EXPLORING HOW WASTE TREATMENT WORKS

46%

OF PEOPLE THINK CURRENT ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES WILL BE RELEVANT IN 2050

Industrial/ agricultural waste

72%

Municipal waste

OF PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THE OLYMPIC PARK SITE SHOULD BE TURNED INTO PUBLIC SPACE

18 Bought by a

Municipal waste Other

Provately

Turned into

Other

Oth

84%

NUMBER OF PEOPLE THINK THERE IS TRULY PUBLIC SPACE IN LONDON TODAY

Wastewater

50%

OF PEOPLE WOULD NOT BE AGAINST A LOCALISED WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY NEAR WHERE THEY LIVE

Recycl was


er

84, Orwell

water

“Hopefully less divided and more aspirational in a non material way”

“Even busier with much less space per person and no public areas at all”

“Crowded, under cost pressures, busy, lively”

“vigorously controlled, tubes at a standstill, run by developers”

“Filthy”

“A larger divide between the rich and the poor. Smellier and dirty, although I wish it would be greener more trees community gardens and less of a divide”

“Threatened by serious flooding”

“Even more highly populated and not as eco friendly as we want it to be.”

“38 years ago London wasn’t Other too different from now. Who can say though.”

“Twice the size vertically but ultimately the same”

“Ideally a new metropolis”

“Still struggling with the climate changes and a vast population”

“It will be a blueprint for sustainable cities worldwide”

“The global power scale would have long shifted from west to east which is already in progress”

“There will be far more pedestrian areas and even more cycle lanes, far more trams and buses and people will use pubic transport more often.”

“Optimistic and feel people would be more environmetally aware but if the world economy slumped and there was mass unempoyment it could be a very different place”

WeRecyclable asked 100 people:

waste

What do you think London will be like in 2050? “Even more multi cultural, stronger economy, more technology in the workforce.”

“Need for localised services and infrastructure, depleting resources, growth of population out of control, reliance upon renewable energy”

“Architecturally concerned with limiting the burden on resources, maybe using hybrid technologies”

“A lot lower and covered in water”

“Like 28 days later!”

“Hopefully we as a planet will be on our way to a different way of life, the death of the monetary system and capitalism”

“Gentrified to the extent of near total social polarisation”

“Not hugely dissimilar to what is like now”

“Regeneration prominent in many areas, publicly owned sites will be brought forward in an attempt to satisfy housing needs”

“Warmer & hopefully sunnier!”

“Horrible & stuffy”

“Most buildings will be over a 100 years old so probably like it is now just with space cars and hoverboards!”

“Probably shit”

“London will continue to grow and become busier. We will learn to use what we have more efficiently. I think public transportation will become more crucial as the cost of fuel continues to rise making the private car prohibitively expensive”

“Similar to Paris the rich living in the centre and the poor pushed out to the suburbs”

“Police state. 1 million unemployed. Daily riots”

“Will continue to be one of the more culturally diverse cities in the world”

“Awful, much like it is now”

“Quite similar, same number of concerns/issues, but emphasis will naturally shift onto other areas. Better technology will create an overall higher standard of living but it won’t be appreciated”

“Alien invasion” 19


THAT'S A WRAP

Throughout this paper there has been a wide range of diverse concepts and speculations upon the future of the capital from artists, designers and architects alike. This includes a variety of concerns which range from social, political, economic and environmental issues. Current target setting and action plans that predict or project future scenarios, revolve predominantly around issues of population densities, climate, technology and renewable energy. As designers, the solutions/ proposals are predominantly idealistic and opportunistic for the future which is in stark contrast to the general feedback from our public survey which shows a general pessimistic view of the capital in 38 years time. The general consensus from the London-2050 survey - What do you think it will be like in 2050? shows concerns ranging from; flooding, cleanliness, increase population and unemployment, as designers we hold a responsibility to address these issues in the future. Lastly, we would like to thank everyone who has kindly submitted artwork/ entries into this limited addition publication. LONDON 2050 TEAM Carla Novak & Ellen Ward

All images remain the copyright of their respective authors.


London 2050: What Would You Do?