LANA 2019/2020 Winter Newsletter

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LANA NEWS Llama Association of North America Winter Edition 2019/2020


Dear Camelid Community,

Contents Cabin For Two

1

President’s Message

2

LANA Board of Directors

3

LANA Business Office

3

Editor’s Note

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Calendar of Events

4

The World of LANA

5

Showmanship

6

Hard to Contain

10

Llama Performance Training

12

LANA Hobo Classic

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Talk To My Agent

20

Kids & Camelids Show

23

Take Note

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Sutter Buttes Hike

28

Sly Park Llamping

29

Marvelous May Show

30

Sponsors

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Disaster Preparedness Website 40

I’m hoping this letter finds you all healthy and safe. Since the last newsletter, your board has been working hard for the association on electing board members and selecting awardees. Results from the election and awards will be announced at the upcoming membership meeting held on Saturday, February 8 during the Hobo Show in Turlock, CA. If you haven’t already renewed your LANA membership, there will be renewal applications available at the show or on the LANA website. Speaking of the show, we are excited to bring ALSA judges Rob Knuckles and Cheryl Juntilla out to evaluate your animals at the Hobo Show. Remember, this is a “no groom” show and there will be an award for the “dirtiest” llama or alpaca. We hope that all exhibitors will keep the spirit of this and leave your brushes and grooming products at home or else you may land in the Hobo “jail.” Information about entering the Hobo Show can be found in this newsletter or on the LANA website. If you can’t come to the show and would still like to support the association, please consider sponsoring a class or division. When entries are low, your support through sponsorship keeps our association financially solvent. More information about sponsorship can be found in this newsletter or on the LANA website. I’d like to conclude this letter with my sincere appreciation to the organizers of the Camelid Symposium held in Sacramento on January 18-19, 2020. Not only was LANA a sponsor of this symposium, but the first speaker of the symposium was Dr. Lisa Shubitz, expert on Valley Fever. Her research on the treatment of Valley Fever in camelids is completely funded by LANA. If you couldn’t attend the symposium but would really like to know what was presented, there is a livestream webcast option available (https://camelidsymposium.com/). Until the next time, Michele Kutzler, MBA, DVM, PhD, DACT President of LANA

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LANA Board of Directors

Dr. Michelle Kutzler President michelle.kutzler@oregonstate.edu Kathy Nichols Vice President, Newsletter Editor KathySVA@aol.com Sue Rich Secretary susan.rich9631@gmail.com Joy Pedroni Treasurer, Office, Webmaster joy@blackcatllamas.com Lee Beringsmith Director lbering@outlook.com Jana Kane Director kaneskritters@gmail.com Maureen Macedo Director macedosminiacre@gmail.com Dolly Peters Director ranchodollyllama@gmail.com Cathy Spalding Advisory Chair cathy@gentlespiritllamas.com

LANA BUSINESS OFFICE Joy Pedroni 3966 Estate Drive Vacaville, CA. 95688 1-707-234-5510 lanaquestions@gmail.com Please contact the LANA Business Office for Member Services, Advertisements, Event Calendar updates, and any llama-, alpaca-, or LANA-related questions you may have. Visit LANA at: www.lanainfo.org

LANA News DISCLAIMER LANA News is published for educational purposes only. The information published heron is solely the opinion of the authors and does not necessarily represent the view of LANA, its Directors or Officers. LANA articles can not be reprinted without permission from LANA or the author. LANA’s acceptance of advertising does not imply endorsement of any products or services whatsoever. Articles, letters, editorials and other contributions are welcome and may be edited for brevity. Inclusion and placement is solely a the discretion of the Editor. Before undertaking any herd work with your animals, you are advised to always consult with your veterinarian. THANK YOU for CONTRIBUTING Thank you to the following for their contribution to this newsletter: Wally Baker, Calpaca, Lora Crawford, Maureen Macedo, Joy Pedroni, and Debbie Ullrich

Editors Note: I hope you all had a Happy Holiday with your loved ones. The show season is just around the corner starting with the LANA Hobo Classic. Enjoy the two show articles from LANA Expo notebooks. Speaking of the Hobo Show, would you like a free LANA membership? Be a sponsor and get free or half-off membership. Your membership benefits include discounts for shows, clinics, the Llamping trip and other activities through out the year. Being a member shows your support for everything LANA provides for our camelid friends and their owners such as the LAMA Lifeline and Morris Animal Foundation Research. Need your clippers repaired or blades sharpened? Bring them to the Hobo Show. Ralph Drew will take them home, do the necessary work, and ship your items back to you. You save on shipping one way. Enjoy another article in the series of “So, What do You do With a Llama?” Happy New Year! See you at Hobo.

Kathy 3


CALENDAR OF EVENTS

*LANA HOBO CLASSIC February 8-9, 2020 Stanislaus County Fairground Turlock, CA contact: KathySVA@aol.com www.lanainfo.org RIVERSIDE COUNTY FAIR & NATIONAL DATE FESTIVAL February 14-16, 2020 Riverside County Fairground Indio, CA Contact: dandt22@aol.com www.datefest.org CALIFORNIA CLASSIC ALPACA SHOW March 28-29, 2020 Merced County Fairground Merced, CA contact: macedosminiacre.gmail.com www.calpaca.org Sutter Butte Hike April 11, 2020 contact: lbering@outlook.com *KIDS & CAMELIDS SHOW April 25, 2020 Macedo’s Mini Acres Turlock, CA contact: susan.rich9631@gmail.com www.lanainfo.org

*MARVELOUS MAY PERFORMANCE SHOW (formerly Hot August Nights) May 16, 2020 Macedo’s Mini Acres Turlock, CA contact: macedosminiacre@gmail.com www.lanainfo.org *LANA LLAMPING TRIP May 29-31, 2020 Sly Park, CA contact: lanaquestions.gmail.com *LANA FELTING CLINIC June 20, 2020 Macedo’s Mini Acres Turlock, CA Contact: lanaquestions.gmail.com MOONLIGHT MADNESS SHOW July 11, 2020 contact: iceyllama@aol.com CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR LLAMA & ALPACA SHOW July 30 - August 2, 2020 California Exposition Sacramento, CA Contact: KathySVA@aol.com www.castatefair.org LANA events in BOLD type * denotes LANA member discount

If you have an event you would like added to the Calendar of Events, please contact: lanaquestions@gmail.com or KathySVA@aol.com 4


www.lanainfo.org 1-707-234-5510 lanaquestions@gmail.com

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SHOWMANSHIP HALTER by Lora

WHAT is Showmanship? A class to demonstrate the handler’s ability to show his/her animal to its advantage at halter.

WHY Showmanship? Llamas/Alpacas must be presented to the Judge, not just walked around the show arena. The more the exhibitor knows about Showmanship techniques, the more successful she/he will be in presenting the animal.

HOW is Showmanship judged? Judging is based on the exhibitor’s basic skills in fitting grooming, following directions, and style of presenting the animal to a Judge for evaluation. The animal’s conformation is not to be considered. Handler’s attire should be neat, clean, and appropriate for the class.

JUDGING CRITERIA: 1. Handler: The handler should be neat, clean, properly dressed, prompt, alert, confident, poised and courteous. 2. Animal and Equipment: The animal should be clean, brushed out, in good condition with the toenails trimmed. The halter and lead should fit properly, should be clean, in good repair, and safe. 3. Showing the Animal: This covers following direction, leading, turning, changing pace, backing, posing and positioning, showing the animal to its best advantage, controlling the animal on the lead and in the line, and attention to the line up.

Judging Criteria 1 & 2 WHY: The psychology of showing is reflected in how the handler and animals looks and how the handler feels about the animal being showed. If the handler does not care enough to present a clean, well-groomed animal with complimentary equipment, and is not dressed appropriately then why should the judge consider the handler and animal for a top placing position. Pride in owner-ship comes to mind. The handler should present the animal as though he/she is the greatest animal in the show and both the handler and animal know this.

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MAKES EXCELLENCE

Why? What?

Crawford

How?

Judging Criteria 3 WHAT: Following Directions

It is the handler’s responsibility to see if a pattern has been posted. If pattern has not been posted, it is the handler’s responsibility to be at the “in” gate for instructions from the Judge in lent of time before the class begins. It is also the responsibility of the handler to remember the pattern.

WHY:

Being confident, know what is expected of you will come across to the Judge as being prepared; ready to carry out expectations, and that you take this criteria seriously. Judges are impressed with handlers and animals that are well prepared.

HOW:

BE PREPARED. SHOWMANSHIP.

TRAIN AT HOME BEFORE THE SHOW.

READ THE ALSA HANDBOOK ON

WHAT: Leading

The handler should encourage their llamas to walk out briskly on a slack line, never giving the appearance of having to “drag” their animal or jerk on lead.

WHY:

The animal shows better if it is willingly responds to a loose light lead. Its head is up and walks more correctly. This also demonstrates a positive working relationship between the handler and animal.

HOW:

Train with a loose lead. Animals quickly learn to respond to the technique of a slight “tug and release.” The “tug” is the command and the “release” is the reward for responding. A tight lead during training teaches the animal to respond only with a tight lead.

WHAT: Turning

Always turn to the right - away from you - putting the llama on the inside of the turn (unless it is a quarter turn or less). Plan your turns so that the llama’s hind feet are nearly in place when turning (haunch turn or pivot). 7


WHY: This keeps the turn collected, safe. It also provides an opportunity to stay on straight lines so the Judge can best evaluate your llama’s “way of traveling.”

HOW: During training, push your llama back in a tight turn so that the llama turns around on the front legs and pivots on its hind legs. This allows the llama to move away from the Judge in a straight line so he/she can evaluated the movement of the animal moving straight away.

WHAT: Changing Pace If the pattern indicates a change of pace after the Judge has evaluated the individual work, you will do a haunch turn back to the line up. At this time, you will move your llama at a trot towards the line. Stop before entering the line. Walk through the line. Performance a launch turn, come back into the Line up, and set up your animal.

WHY: Change of pace again indicates the responsiveness of the animal to the handler. Stopping before entering the line is a safety issue to not disrupt the other animals on either side of your animal.

HOW: PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE.

WHAT: Backing The llama should respond to the handler’s request to back a minimum 3steps and then move forward to the original position.

WHY:
 The Judge wants to see how the animal moves correctly when stepping backwards. demonstrate the responsiveness of the animal to the handler.

This will also

HOW: Stand to one side of the llama to not not block the view of the Judge during this procedure. Never stand or lead from directly in from of the animal. Train your animal to back on quiet command of “back,” or a light indication from the lead line.

WHAT: Posing and positioning When lining up, stand or setup your animal squarely on all four feet. Stand facing your llama at a 45-degree angle off its left shoulder. If necessary, you may move smoothly to allow the Judge an unobstructed view of your llama. You should alway be in a position where you can see both your llama and the Judge. Be natural. Over showing, undue fussing and maneuvering are objectionable.

WHY: The “quadrant” technique is only necessary for learning to present your animal at its advantage. Remember Showmanship is showing your animal to its best advantage at halter. The purpose of moving around your animal is to keep an eye on the Judge and to not block the view of the Judge while evaluating your animal. You need to ask the Judge before the class if she/he will be judging on “quadrants,” if so you need to know the technique. If not, you need to know how to become “invisible” while presenting your animal. HOW: Stand at a 45-degree angle facing your animal at his/her shoulder. Drawing an imaginary line both through the center of the animal from head to tail and then again across the animal midway front and the back. As the Judge moves around the animal you will mentally say to yourself; “back side - same side; front side opposite side.” This means as the Judge stands at the head of your animal you will be standing on the opposite side of your animal. When the Judge stands at the rear of your animal you will be standing on the same side as the Judge. 8


WHAT: Controlling the animal on lead and in the line

This includes leaving enough space between you and the net animal in line and not letting your animal “sniff� or crowd another animal while walking around the arena.

WHY:

If you want to show your animal to its best advantage, it will not happen when you allow your animal to crowd or stand too close to another llama. The Judge cannot clearly see or evaluate the individuals in the class.

HOW:

Leave at least one llama length between you and the other animal when walking around the arena, and at least 4 to 6 feet when standing side by side in the line depending on the size of the class.

WHAT: Attention to the line up

Handlers must line up in a straight line.

WHY:

If you line up too far ahead or behind another animal in the line, it can be a disadvantage. If you are ahead, you may be booking the view of another animal, which is discourteous. If you are behind other animals in the line, your animal cannot be evaluated to its best advantage.

HOW:

Be aware and line up accordingly. Information gathered from the ALSA Handbook - from a LANA Expo Notebook 9


Hard To Contain Ourselves Any Longer …

by Maureen Macedo Quite an adventure when traveling the seven seas (or local yellow pages) in search of a container to hold the LANA and Cal-Ila materials. Larry Macedo located a company that sells used shipping containers and arrangements were started.

Cal-ILA paid for the container, to be housed at the Macedo ranch in Turlock, for LANA materials such as the Hobo Village. A date was set and the adventure began. Of course it rained heavily for two days before delivery was scheduled, however, the driver who was doing the delivery was an expert. He backed into the driveway – and remember, this is a twenty foot container on a forty foot trailer – expertly. The driveway posed some challenges as it is gravel and narrow. The trailer was tilted and the container began its descent…

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What was not taken into account was the tree that the container would be set next to. Larry got out the chain saw and began getting a branch out of the way. An old locust tree (that I would love to see taken ALL of the way out, by the way) began to get trimmed. The branch that had to be taken out was removed, pulled by tractor to the side to await it’s final demise in the dumpster.

The trailer was set in place, doors facing the driveway, and the Hobo “dishes” are now in place. This location will be easy access and is ready to hold LANA materials!

The old storage unit will be emptied after Hobo. This new unit will be filled with obstacles, Hobo Village, and other LANA things saving LANA monthly payments. Thank you Cal-ILA for your donation.

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LLAMA PERFORMANCE TRAINING By Wally Baker Introduction: Llama Performance training is both a challenging and rewarding experience. Initial thought into the development of a successful performance llama should be made regarding llama selection, training commitment, and training methods. Of course the most important consideration — patience, both on the part of the llama and handler. The primary understanding of training a llama for performance competition is the llama’s mental attitude and desire to take and respond to commands. As we have all probably experienced from one time to another, a llama’s interest can range from enthusiastic to one of total apathy depending on mood or general overall mental attitude. Often times, a llama that has shown a desire to go through the challenge of an obstacle course at your ranch and or willingness to take on a variety of activities, can be a positive indicator of a good candidate for show competition. A llama that shows able promise to perform in front of an audience on command in variety of ring environment and distractions is truly special. This special llama, however, did not happen overnight. Time and training is needed to develop a well-responsive llama to where he feels comfortable enough to put all his personal preferences aside and give it the best effort on a consistent basis.

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Performance Objectives: • Working with a llama • Challenge • Enjoyment • Recreational activity • Public Relations • Show competition Selecting Llama for performance competition: • Age • Disposition • Gender • Conformation • Willingness • Trainability Training: • Basic Training • Desensitizing • Obstacle Training Frequency and time of training sessions Training locations and variety Trainer Communication Development: 1. Voice a. Commands b. Command consistency 2.

Sending the right message a. Practice b. Consistency

Llama Communication Development 1. What is being asked of the llama 2. Practice 3. Consistency 4. Handler patience

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Llama self-initiative - The llama understands what is being requested and willingly complies on a consistent basis. Trainer persistence — The Llama understands what is being asked of him, but picks and chooses the time and place he wants to comply. This situation also can be associated with location of training and possible distractions. Training is focused on llama consistency through positive reinforcement and variety of training locations. Expect setbacks and leveling off plateaus. As with any animal training, progression rates and training peaks do occur. With your patience, and perhaps implementation of a variety of different training methods, training difficulties can often times be overcome. Training considerations • Proper fit of halter • Desensitizing to various conditions such as pack and blanket • Consistency is commands and technique • Location variety • Frequency • Obstacle negotiation • Obstacle difficulty - Is obstacle beyond llama’s capability at time in this training • Overcoming training blocks - Simplify obstacle being learned - Break down obstacle learning in segments - Establish different training techniques to overcome difficulty - Always leave training session on a positive note 14


Basic Approach: Some llamas take to the performance world easier than others. An accomplished performance llama will only come by way of a well-planned and patient training approach. Initially, do not set your and the llama’s goals too high. Each llama is unique and has a different progression rate as well as retention and aptitude for performance tasks at a variety of locations. Take one step at a time, building a wider range of accomplishment through time and experience. As a rule of thumb, keep your training sessions within a ten to thirty minute duration and respective to your llama’s attention span. Training session time may vary upon stage of training and accomplishment level. Once your llama has mastered an obstacle, move on. Constant repetitions of a mastered obstacle could lead to boredom and a lack of interest for learning further challenges. Make learning fun by choosing a variety of locations and different obstacles. Keep your training session enjoyable, interesting and challenging to your llama’s capabilities. Always leave a training session on a positive note.

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2020 LANA HOBO CLASSIC

February 8 - 9, 2020

Stanislaus County Fairground

GOLD Show Judge: Rob Knuckles

SILVER Show Judge: Cheryl Juntilla

Saturday Evening Activities Dinner

Dessert Auction

Election of LANA BOD Annual Membership Meeting Annual Awards Silent Auction

Double Llama & Alpaca

Halter show

Single Llama & Alpaca Performance Show

Driving Division

Shorn Llama & Alpaca Fleece

Finished Products

FUN

CASUAL

NO GROOM 16


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2020 LANA

HOBO CLASSIC

SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES

February 8 - 9, 2020

ALSA Double Halter Show

Single Performance Show

Single Shorn Fleece & Finished Products

The Llama Association of North America would appreciate your generosity by being a sponsor of the LANA Hobo Classic Show. There are three levels of sponsorship available. Each level has its own incentives as a “Thank You” for supporting LANA. HOBO SPONSOR ($100 or more) In appreciation you will receive: FULL page Ad in the Show Program FULL page Ad in the LANA Newsletter (5 Issues/1 Year PLUS special Hobo edition) Recognition in the Show Program as a HOBO SPONSOR Special Recognition during the LANA Hobo Classic Show HOBO SPONSORS will be listed on the LANA website FREE 2020 LANA membership VAGABOND SPONSOR ($50 or more) In appreciation you will receive: HALF page Ad in the Show Program HALF page Ad in the LANA Newsletter (5 Issues/1 Year PLUS special Hobo edition) Recognition in the Show Program as a VAGABOND SPONSOR Special Recognition during the LANA Hobo Classic Show VAGABOND SPONSORS will be listed on the LANA website Half off 2020 LANA membership DRIFTER SPONSOR ($25) In appreciation you will receive: BUSINESS CARD Ad in the Show Program BUSINESS CARD Ad in the LANA Newsletter (5 issues/1 Year PLUS special Hobo edition) Recognition in the Show Program as a DRIFTER SPONSOR DRIFTER SPONSORS will be listed on the LANA website

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TALK TO MY AGENT by Cayou Pedroni

I’m retired. Retired from hiking, backpacking, showing, parades and anything else you want to do with me. I’ve dropped in my front fetlocks and I’m swaybacked. I spend my days eating, pooping and teaching the youngins how to behave. But one day last September, my human, Joy, got a call from a movie director desperate to find a llama for a movie shoot happening in three days. They wanted a llama that was unshorn, dirty and generally a mess. Joy said she had llamas but none that fit their description because she loves us and takes care of us. She also told them if they found a llama like that, they would probably be getting an untrained animal who could be at risk of heat stroke while working for them. Remember this was September in California. It’s HOT! The director understood and they talked about the llamas Joy had available and they picked me. The movie was being filmed high in the hills at a vineyard in St. Helena, California. We arrived and I was immediately given the star treatment. Everyone wanted to meet me. Producers, best boys, caterers, the director, the actor! Joy and I were on set for a couple hours before my scene was up.

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We got to watch the filming and eat with the crew and hear all about the movie. Then it was my turn. First the lady in charge of makeup came over and checked me out. I was a bit too clean so she dropped a bunch of dirt and leaves on me. I was supposed to be an abandoned llama that had survived on its own for a very long time. (When you see the movie, don’t pick on them for having a llama that had obviously been shorn a few months earlier. Not their fault.). Then wardrobe came over and draped a huge garland of purple flowers around my neck. I looked good. I was ready for my closeup. I faced the camera. I looked longingly at the first human I had seen in a long time. I turned right and walked away. "CUT! Reset llama, please!” Apparently, I was supposed to turn left and walk away. OK. I got this. “And…action!” Stand, stare, turn right. “CUT! Reset llama!” OK. Maybe it took a dozen takes to get it right, but hey, this was my first acting job. At the end of the day, I had it down and did my job perfectly. Even retired llamas like me can have important jobs to do.

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The move is called Cabin For Two and it is a short film currently in post production. You can follow it on Facebook and Instagram. I hope you all get to see my movie when it is released (viewing party at our place).

I can’t wait to see it.

In the meantime, if

anyone needs me for another acting job, talk to my agent. (actual pictures of movie aren’t available yet)

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TAKE NOTE…… THEN ADD THEM TO YOUR RECORDS by Debbie Ullrich

Your efficiency at maintaining your llama records are an essential factor in herd management. Your records will provide you with valuable information on individual animals, the whole herd, healthy management, breeding programs and drug records. Records are a management tool to your future. They contain information that may save you disappointment, setbacks, and unnecessary expense.

1.

Implement a Recored Keeping System That Will work for You

The first thing to consider in record management is to pick a system that fits your lifestyle and situation the best, one that you will use on a long term basis. Whether you are entering your daily events into one of the many herd management software programs, or scratching out notes on the calendar and then adding them to permanent records at another time, is not as important as choosing a system that you will use. As long as your records, contain certain components and the necessary information, it doesn’t matter that system you implement. Get into the habit of keeping notes throughout the day, (we use a big dry ink board which accumulates information during the days activities, then that information gets transferred to a permanent system). Don’t rely on your members! Especially when things are rushed or stressed, chances are you will forget the details.

2. Individual Information Eat member of the herd should have a record of its individual statistics and individual characteristics. Ideally, this information should include as much information on the ancestors, as far back as you can go. The information should include, but not be limited to:

Llama’s name

Date of Birth

Length of Gestation (if home bred can be obtained from dam’s breeding/ gestation record)

Birth weight

Weight at about six months

Current weight

Photos

Comprehensive genealogy and background information of ancestry can include conformation traits or defects, colors, etc. of ancestors

Temperament

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Knowledge of any problems, allergies, drug sensitivities, congenital or genetic]

Conformation strengths and weaknesses

Show and training information

Fiber type (even a fiber sample)

Date last sheared (fiber production animals should expound this area to include microns and length of growth between hearings)

If male:

Age he first began settling females

Conception rate (number of female vs. male offspring)

Number of females settled

Photos and information on offspring

If female:

Age female first became pregnant

Number of breedings to conception

Length of each gestation

Milk production and weight gain of each crib

Conception rate (female vs .male)

The information you keep is your tracking system. How you organize the information once again, is up to you. Keep in mind that you will be using this a a tool to optimize, and to composite a historical profile for your herd health management, fertility and reproduction, and drug data, for your own decisions and goals, for future buyers, veterinarians and employees.

3. Specific Records Routine healthy management records usually incorporates basic health care, such as vaccinations and/or parasite control, toe trimmings and routine procedures such as topical applications for external parasites, castration and wolf teeth removal. The information should include: Date

Name

Weight (needed for proper medication does)

Procedure (worming, vaccine booster, toenails, etc.)

Why (i.e. yearly booster, routine, etc.)

Agent, if any used (anthelminics I.e. Ivormectin, Panacur) or Vaccine (i.e. CD & T, Toxoid)

Supplements (i.e. MUSE, etc)

Dose (i.e. cc’s, ounces, etc.)

Site and technique (i.e. Oral, Sub-Q, right side above elbow)

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Give yourself a landmark to keep track of possible tissue reactions or abscesses. Many owners give multiple injection at injection site to avoid any confusion about what may have caused a problem discovered in later days.

Observations (anything that stands out, from the weather and stages of the moon to temperament and attitude for the day)

Follow-up (i.e. due of next booster, worming, etc., if known)

Breeding records: Include the information found in the individual records pertinent to heredity and reproduction, along with some additional categories listed below. Studying the information you accumulate will give you a clearer understanding of your breeding program. It will pinpoint strengths and weaknesses in reproductive soundness, milk production, conformation, wool quality and placement, and other specific traits of each line in your herd. Adding the following categories to your individual records will help track a reproductive map.

Name of sire bred to

Breeding date(s)

Duration of breeding

Attitude (receptive, sat right down, etc.)

Maiden female?

Birthdate of previous cria, if any

History of past problems (i.e. trouble settling, dystocias, abortions, c-sections, retained CLs, etc.)

Results and date of ovulations test (progesterone at 7 days) if done

Results and date of progesterone testing

Results and date of field testing

Results and date of ultrasound

Date of delivery

Deliver notes (attending delivery, problems, length of stages, missed birth, etc.)

Medications (i.e. Estimate, oxytocin, MUSE, etc.)

Observations (behavior, fetal movements, etc.)

You can build on this information with the post delivery cria information which will become the Start of a new individual record:

Birth time

Parturition (duration, complications)

Conditions (environmental factors)

Time to sternal recumbency

Time to stand

Time to suck

Time to nurse

Weight

IgG/plasma

I use this record to keep track of routine monitoring, medication or procedures post birth. Umbilical care, meconium passage, urination observation.

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Alertness and maternal interaction, evaluation of size and maturity for gestational age, along with spaces to note pulse, respiration, temperature, mucous membrane color, scleral color, Capillary refill time, etc. By integrating a neonate checklist right into your records it not only give you a future reference, but a methodical step by step procedure to assure aria health. I leave these forms on a clip board to fill out as needed.

There is essential information that you will need to give to your veterinarian for routine care, or in case of an emergency, that should be easily obtainable to yourself or other caretakers. In the case of emergency this information could be critical.

Date of Birth

Weight (this is one for the most critical things we overlook; drug doses depend on an accurate weight. Next time you weigh your animals, try and guess the weight first and see how close you are!)

Last date of vaccination and type

Date animal was last dewormed

Medical or surgical history

Pregnancy status

Observations (i.e. abnormal behavior, o feed, change in stool, lack of stool, reduced alertness).

Don’t forget to keep a record of the name, manufacturer, batch number, expiration date or any information labeled on any medications you use, whether purchased from your veterinarian or the sources.

Sure, this takes time, and it is a lot of work, but these are the bare essentials in any livestock management program. Luck is not a part of the equation in a long term breeding program. The information you complete now is your breeding program for the future.

(article from a LANA Expo notebook)

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SUTTER BUTTES HIKE “the World’s Smallest Mountain Range” one day hike

April 4, 2020 (tentative) located north of Sacramento check LANA’s website for updated information 28


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Marvelous May Show Llama & Alpaca Performance Show (formerly Hot August Night)

May 16, 2020 Macedo’s Mini Acre Turlock, CA Judge TBA Contact: Maureen Macedo, superintendent macedosminiacre@gmail.com

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THANK YOU SPONSORS for your generosity! 39


Disaster Preparedness Websites http://www.readyforwildfire.org/docs/files/File/calfire_go_brpchure_LINOweb.pdf https://www.avma.org/public/EmergencyCare/Pages/Large-Animals-andLivestock-in-Disasters.aspx https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/usda-livestock-preparednessfact-shett.pdf If you know of a website to share, please send the information to KathySVA@aol.com

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