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Michelle Koutsolambrou Year 6 - 2012/2013 5.2 & 5.3 Portfolio Intimate cities


Table of Contents

Portfolio 5.2 River Irwell -Site analysis -Programme development the metaHUB -Research -Precedent studies -Previous processes -Site model 1:500 -Design concepts -The processional

Portfolio 5.3 the metaHUB -Site plan 1:1000 -Plans 1:500 -Plans 1:100 -Elevations 1:200 -Sections 1:200 -Sections 1:50 -Skin details and 3D -Physical model 1:500 -3D visualisations


Meta is the Greek word for beyond. This building complex is about the celebrated and Site analysis symbolic transition to the meta life. A hub for our course to beyond.


River Irwell Site Location

River Irwell in Global scale

River Irwell in national scale

River Irwell in regional scale

River Irwell in urban scale River Irwell runs between Manchester city centre and Salford but instead of unifying them, it acts as a barrier between them. It has been neglected by governments and public for many years but the last few years, its importance has started to be obvious. River Irwell was developed in the late 18th century. It was a major part of the industrial development and the trade in Manchester. In addition to trade in cotton, timber and grain, there were regular boats to Runcorn and Liverpool and by the 1830’s some pleasure boats as well. However by the middle of the 19th century there was a growing requirement for lower prices and the river had to compete with the railways and the Bridgewater canal. Today, the river is still perceived as a non-place. It has poor accessibility and poor visual amenity. Boat movement is restricted due to insufficient draught in some areas and their security is an issue. These prevent the river from becoming a tourist attraction as well.


River Irwell Solar study Summer equinox

Autumn equinox

Winter Solstice

Spring equinox


River Irwell Land value analysis

Land value map of Manchester. Different colours correspond to the different average property values with red indicating the highest prices and blue the lowest. However the colours are relative in each area and for example red areas do not have the same values in all localities but are always the highest prices compared to the blue areas around them. From this map it is obvious that the land with the highest value is in the centre with prices reaching up to 1,5 million pounds.


River Irwell Manchester Conservation areas

Alber Square

Castlefield

Cathedral area

Deansgate

Parsonage gardens

Peter square

St. ann’s square

St. John street

There are quite a few conservation areas around river Irwell. All of them belong to Manchester city council except the Cathedral area which is shared between Manchester and Salford city councils. Each are has different regulations for development. Some very strict and some other just require a high level of design. This depends on the character and how important their listed buildings are. For example the town hall and the Cathedral are considered as landmarks and for that reason, their areas have very strict regulations so as for them to remain landmarks.

Landmarks - Must be dominant in the area High protection conservation area - Very limited development - Character must remain - very strict development guidelines Medium protection conservation area Limited development-strict development guidelines Medium protection conservation area Limited development-strict development guidelines


River Irwell Site Conditions Transport networks- Car, pedestrian, road

Access points

Public routes to the site

Site Views

Views

Buildings’ density

Prevailing winds


Meta is the Greek word for beyond. This building complex is about the celebrated and symbolic transition to the meta life. A hub for our course to beyond.


the meta HUB programme narrative

This urban complex is an ethereal and symbolic addition to the city. Existing and new worship places join forces with modern resomation and burial facilities to fulfill the needs of the society for a farewell to the deceased . Surrounded by a holistic landscape arrangement with a garden of remembrance, this complex accommodates the transition to what lies beyond life itself. It is a hub of life, a departure point, but its significance lies beyond that. It is a place where the city remembers the dead and learns the lessons of life that death provides. The presence of people not only remains as a memory, but is physically there in the tower, whose walls are actually lined with the remaining ashes. A museum further enhances the sensual experience of the visitors, preserving previous aspects of the city life; noises, smells, images. The continuum of city life is faithfully expressed here. Bodies of the dead discreetly enter from the side, invisible to the visitors. In the facilities housed under the bridge, they are prepared and placed in the worship places for the funeral. Funerals follow the rituals that each religion demands, but the next step is common. Having travelled through the landscape, most processions go down an artificial gorge, seemingly disappearing into the ground, to meet the river Irwell. Crossing the river is done by means of floating platforms and special boats. This gesture is borrowed from the ancient Greek mythology of Acheron river, crossed by all dead to go to the underworld of Adhes. This symbolic course is destined to allow the friends and family to gradually get into the spirit of death and prepare for the farewell. A simpler course to the resomation could also be selected if needed. The landscape acts as bonding tissue to all the functions while the stepping levels help it blend with the river. On the old parking lot on NW and stretching over the bridge towards the cathedral, a new garden of remembrance is established. The small memorial proposed there is made of concrete plinths with a uniformly sloping top plane that leads down to the ground or stems from it. Trees are planted on the same grid thus creating the impression of a geometrically rigid forest where some of the trees have been replaced by disappearing concrete plinths. The new temple of all faiths follows the same geometry externally, while glass surfaces cover the intermediate spaces. Mourners walking around trees and plinths will complete the scenery. A tower dressed in torched black granite seems to reach for the sky. A continuous stepped course inside it will follow the urn cavities on its walls, once more symbolising the course of life. It is a vertical cemetery for the people of Manchester of all beliefs and religions. Most of the other functions are housed in existing structures, in a discrete mass next to the tower or under the new terraces stepping down to the river. This leaves the tower alone to claim landmark status with its verticality and symbolism.


death rituals around the world Africans, Hindus and Azteks

Kalunga line

Aztec mythology

The Kikongo word for “threshold between worlds” is Kalunga. For people of Africa who ended up in the slave trade ports of New Orleans and Charleston, the Kalunga Line was specifically the Atlantic Ocean[citation needed]. They believed the soul after death traveled the path of the sun as it set in the west. The enslaved believed they were being taken to the land of the dead, never to return. Thus the Kalunga line became known as a line under the Atlantic Ocean where the living became the dead and the only way back to life was to recross the line. Some religions today still make reference to the Kalunga Line believing that the soul of an African-American travels back to Africa upon death and re-enters the world of the spiritually living although the body has passed on.

When a person died, they were interred with grave goods, which they carried with them on the long and dangerous journey to the underworld. Upon arrival in Mictlan these goods were offered to Mictlantecuhtli and his wife.

Hindu cultrure Hindus consider the funeral as the final samskar, or “ritual of life”. Cremation is generally mandatory for all Hindus, except for saints and children under the age of 5 years. Cremation is seen as the only way in which all five elements—fire, water, earth, air, and space would be satisfied by returning the body to these elements as after cremation the ashes are poured into the sacred river Ganges or into the sea. After death the body of the deceased is placed on the ground with the head of the deceased pointing towards south which is considered the direction of the dead. All Hindus believe that if the ashes of their dead are deposited in the river, they will be ensured a smooth transition to the next life, or freed from the cycle of death and rebirth.


the meta HUB programme development


the meta HUB programme function

The resomatory

Museum of remembrance

The resomatory is one of the two main parts of the project. In this area, the dead bodies are going to be kept, prepared and resomated and it is only accessible from staff members. From this space the bodies are going to be moved to the visiting rooms, the Cathedral or the multifaith space and back until the day of the funeral that they are going to be processed.

In this museum urns with human ashes will be kept. The idea is that every person deserves to be remembered and have a place in memory. All urns will be identical and they will have a story engraved on them for each deceased. The museum iwll be a separated tower that will only have the urns in it with an observatory on top.

Leisure spaces

Gardens of remembrane

Administration building

This part will be spread on the site. It will have cafes restaurants and bars, enhancing the public space. This is the main strategy to open up the river. For this part the underground tunnels below the Cathedral will be inhabited as well.

The garden will be above ground level and it will have a multifaith chapel in it. Apart from that it will also have a people’s memorial creating a ritual space and an urban park at the same time.

This is the part for the administration of the museum and the resomatory where the funerals will be arranged and it will aso include a multifaith space for events or education.


the meta HUB function allocation


Museum of Rememberance and Urban Resomatory Zones proximity

the meta HUB function allocation

Zone D(b)

Zone B Zone F Zone D(a) Zone E Zone A Zone C


the meta HUB resomation technology

Resomation is an environmentally beneficial alternative to cremation and burial and is both dignified and respectful. It has been developed in response to a growing desire for greater choice and increasing environmental awareness. A funeral involving resomation is exactly the same as one involving cremation until the point at which the coffin is committed from view. In Resomation the coffin is placed into a Resomator, and instead of fire, uses a water and alkali based method - also known as alkaline hydrolysis - to break the body down chemically.

resomation process

The process is normally 2-3 hours long, the same length of time as an average cremation and once complete, a sterile liquid and bone ash remain. The sterile liquid is returned to the water cycle and just like cremation the bone ash remains are placed in an urn and returned to loved ones.

Benefits: -the substitution of Resomation for cremation as part of a funeral will reduce that funeral’s emissions of greenhouse gases by approximately 35%. -The energy needed for the Resomation process in the form of electricity and gas is less than one-seventh of the energy required for a cremation. -In the UK up to 16% of all mercury is estimated to be emitted from crematoria because of the fillings in teeth, Resomation produces no airborne mercury emissions. -Sterile liquid is safely returned to the water cycle free from any traces


Meta is the Greek word for beyond. This building complex is about the celebrated and Precedent symbolic transition to the meta life. A studies hub for our course to beyond.


The tower of Babel “....and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven...” Different interpretations of the Tower of Babel

A united humanity of the generations following the Great Flood, speaking a single language and migrating from the east, went to the land of Shinar where they resolved to build a city with a tower “whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.” God came down to see what they did and said: “They are one people and have one language, and nothing will be withheld from them which they purpose to do.” “Come, let us go down and confound their speech.”

And so God scattered them upon the face of the Earth, and confused their languages, so that they would not be able to return to each other, and they left off building the city, which was called Babel “because God there confounded the language of all the Earth”. The tower of Babel is the connection of the mortal with the divine, a building that leads to the sky. Drawing from this concept, I have incorporated in my building characteristics that represent this endless walk to the sky and show the relationship between sky earth and water.

Mythological precedent study


precedent study Mary Rose museum - Wilkinson eyre architects, Portsmouth Sketch section showing the idea of looking at the exhibit from different levels and show its importance by having the building surrounding it.

Wilkinson Eyre has won planning consent to build a £35 million museum to house the Mary Rose, the 16th century warship.

Sketch showing the idea of how people walk around the central point of the building where the exchibit is placed.

The museum building is conceived as a finely crafted wooden jewellery box discreetly enclosing the Mary Rose as its treasure. The curvilinear shape, which is derived from the historic dry dock below, responds to its unique context alongside HMS Victory and its dark stained timber cladding picks up on the ‘carvel’ construction of the Mary Rose hull as well as traditional boat shed architecture. This building is an example of the feeling the spiral of my project is going to have and how the plan will be developed circular starting from the central point of the plot expanding outwards. The spiral will enclose the final action of the ritual where the family lets the deceased go.

A view from the interior balcony to the ship showing how the interaction that people have with the exhibit by walking around it.


precedent study Jewish Contemporary Museum San Francisco by Daniel Libeskind

This two rotated cubes are part of the adaptation of the 1907 Jessie Street Power Substation, adjacent to the Yerba Buena Park in San Francisco, into the new Jewish Contemporary Museum by Daniel Libeskind Studio and local architects WRNS Studio. The project houses 63,000 sq feet for exhibitions and programs in visual, performing and media arts, and includes 3,500 square feet of space for education. The building appears to change colour depending on the time of day, the weather, and the viewer’s position, creating a dynamic, living� surface. The union between the brick and the cubes is almost perfect.

A small origami popping out in a very dense area showing how you can adapt something modern in a such strict and environment where the free space is limttited.

Sketch showing how the origami pops out between the buildings and how it fits although its modern form and style.


Meta is the Greek word for beyond. This building complex is about the celebrated and Studiestransition and symbolic to the meta life. A concepts hub for our course to beyond.


the meta HUB Previous process This was the first sketch model I made in order to understand the site and its scale. The form here is just an extrusion of the plot perimeter divided in the middle in order for the museum of rememberance to appear.

This was the first attemp to generate a form inspired by myths about death and the tower of babel. The main idea was to for the museum of rememberance to be a circular space in the middle and the rest of the spaces to wrap around it in a spiral form enhancing the relationship between earth and sky.


the meta HUB Site model 1:500

Site model at 1:500 scale made out of corrugated cardboard. It shows the masses of the building and how they are connected to the axes of the site and the proposed landscape alterations. Apart from those, the position of the multifaith chapel and the gorge are reprepsented. In the river, the platforms are positioned in order to enhance the idea of the site as a public space.


the meta HUB The tower of dust

The tower of dust A staircase spirals up to the sky inside the tower. The body already resomated is ceremonially brought up in the urn. It is carried up to take its place in the mosaic of the external urn wall. This is partly transparent, light pouring inside through the dust of time. Windows are formed from the removal of parts of the grid to allow the sunshine in. The observatory on the top provides the needed Katharsis (meaning purification or cleaning of the soul).


the meta HUB gardens of remembrance

The old parking lot is transformed to a garden/ monument/temple complex. The holiness of the place is dictated by the monumentality of the composition. A common scoping top plane for all structure, disappears into the ground, plinths giving their place to trees as the built gradually becomes natural. Ashes to ashes and dust to dust. Other religions can find a philosophical meaning here. Reincarnation; life after death ; nature continuum. Ceremonial routes lead to the next step; resomation.


Inhabitating Cathedral’s approach arches Design concepts Public promenade in albisola by 3s studio

Italian architects 3S Studio have converted a former railway tunnel between two north Italian towns into an enclosed pedestrian passageway. Steel beams arch around the inside of the Public Promenade and are covered with Corten steel panels that screen the rougher surfaces of the walls behind.

My project strategy Common causes of damp. Insulation Modern paints Cement render Gypsum plaster Ground levels outside higher than inside Broken guttering or missing downpipes Vegetation growing near the wall Trees creating shade and moist air near a wall Lack of ventilation - double glazing, no vents Blocked chimneys - fireplace blocked up, no vents Furniture against walls creating cold, damp areas

My strategy -Clean brickwork -Allow wall to dry naturally -Source of moisture remedied -Ventilation & Drainage -Wall impregnation if needed

Rehabilitating an inoperative railway through environmentally aware means, thereby transforming this area into a promenade that adheres to its area’s environmental constraints. This project focus on the safety of the tunnel works on the reef slope, including hydraulics.

water flow through capillaries.

The project encompasses the entire stretch of the retired railroad and its fixtures between Albissola and Celle Ligure (SV) , transforming it into an environmentally accentuated pedestrian promenade. The project focalises the nature pathes, view points, a new overhang walkway made by corten steel and wood, The restoration of the railway tunnel will function as a “container” for visionary art exhibitions and artistic installations.


the meta HUB The acheron passage

AKHERON (or Acheron), the river of pain, was a stream and swampy lake of the underworld and its god. Hermes used to pass the souls of the dead to the Kharon in order to take them to Hades(the Greek god of underworld). Every person was believed that had to pay Kharon so their relatives used to put a coin between their teeth. A number of sacrosant spaces on the same level are connected through routes appearing on the pavement layout and route design. An artificial gorge starts from the cathedral down to the canal. The deceased gradually disappears from the face of the square to start the ancient acheron crossing. A special boat carries the body accross the the base of the bridge for the resomation process where relatives deliver the body, only to pick up the urn with the ashes on the next step of the funeral.


the meta HUB The processional

The deceased come from the service entrance into the facilities at level 00. The prepared body is transferred to the place of worship on the day of the funeral. The public funeral procession starts from the place of worship after the ceremony. It travels through the landscape that unifies the whole project and descends the gorge. Then, across the Acheron river passage, the coffin is delivered for resomation. At a later day the relatives and friends can return and ceremonially deposit the ashes in the tower of dust, keeping some for their own sake if they wish. They can always return to honour the dead. In all instances they can use the meeting, function and recreation areas of the complex as desired or appropriate.


Meta is the Greek word for beyond. This building complex is about the celebrated and The project symbolic transition to the meta life. A hub for our course to beyond.


the meta HUB General arrangement

Public spaces

cafes/bars/restaurants/gardens

Memorial & multifaith chapel

Gardens of remembrance & green areas

Tower of dust, administration &resomatory

Processional routes

Project elements


the meta HUB Spaces overview

LEVEL 03

+14m

LEVEL 02

+9.5m

LEVEL 01 LEVEL 00

+5m

+2m water LEVEL +0.0m

cafe/bar/restaurant + resomatory

LEVEL

00

event space + library/museum + cafe/gelateria/restaurant

LEVEL

01

offices + shop

LEVEL

02

multifaith space + tower of dust + Manchester’s Cathedral

LEVEL

03


the meta HUB Site plan 1:1000


the meta HUB LEVEL 00: +1.6m above water level - 1:500

4

3

2

1

1.restaurant 2.cafe 3.cafe 4.resomatory


the meta HUB LEVEL 01: +5m above water level - 1:500

5

6

3

4

2

1

1.event space 2.event space lounge 3.library 4.museum 5.cafe 6.gelateria 7.restaurant

7


the meta HUB LEVEL 02: +9.5m above water level - 1:500

4 3

2

1

1.offices 2.visiting room 3.shop 4.family support rooms


the meta HUB LEVEL 03: +14m above water level - 1:500

3

2

1

1.tower of remembrance 2.multifaith chapel 3.Manchester Cathedral


the meta HUB LEVEL 00:+1.6m above water level - 1:100

1

2 3

1.Restaurant 2.Cafe 3.Bar


the meta HUB LEVEL 00: +2m above water level - 1:100

1

1 2

2

3 4

5 1. Mortuary area 2.Preparation labs 3.WC 4.Resomatory 5.Storage room 6.Deceased’s arrival point

6


the meta HUB LEVEL 01: +5m above water level - 1:100 5

6

6

4

1

3 2

8 7

7

1.Reception 2.Event space 3.Event’s space lounge space 4.WC 5.Electronic archive 6.Library of remembrance 7.museum 8.WC


the meta HUB LEVEL 02: +9.5m above water level - 1:100

7

7

4

3

1

2

5

1

1

1

1 1

1.offices 2.register 3.waiting lounge 4.WC 5.Visiting room 6.Coffins and urns shop 7.Family support office

6


the meta HUB LEVEL 03: +14m above water level - 1:100

1

2

1.Reception of tower 2.Museum of remembrance


the meta HUB tower’s plans - 1:100

typical level

observatory +47.15m above water level

roof level


the meta HUB LEVEL 01: underground tunnels-+5m above water level - 1:200

3 2

1

1.cafe 2.gelateria 3.restaurant


the meta HUB 1

LEVEL 01: underground tunnels -+5m above water level - 1:100

2

2

2

3 4

1. terrace 2.cafe area 3.kitchen 4.WC


the meta HUB LEVEL 01: underground tunnels - +5m above water level - 1:100

1

2

2

7 7 3

3

3

5

4 7 6

1. terrace 2.gelateria 3.dining area 4.waiting lounge 5.kitchen 6.storage 7.WC


the meta HUB LEVEL 03 :gardens of remembrance - 1:200

1

1.multifaith chapel


the meta HUB LEVEL 03: gardens of remembrance - 1:100

2

1

1.multifaith chapel 2.WC

2


the meta HUB North east elevation - 1:200


the meta HUB North west elevation - 1:200


the meta HUB South east elevation - 1:200


the meta HUB South west elevation - 1:200


the meta HUB Section a’ - 1:200


the meta HUB Section b’ - 1:200


the meta HUB Section b’ - 1:50


Meta is the Greek word for beyond. This building complex is about the celebrated and Details transition symbolic to the meta life. A hub for our course to beyond.


the meta HUB tower’s skin plan 1:5


the meta HUB roof detail A 1:10

TWO LAYERS OF INSULATION STANDING SEAM SHEET ABOVE 100 mm ROCKWOOL 50X100 mm RHS PURLIN ANODISED ALUMINUM CLADDING TO MATCH LOWER MASS SKIN ROOF TRUSS LOW E DOUBLE GLAZING

SEMI STRUCTURAL ALUMINUM FENESTRATION

120 mm ANGLE VERTICAL CLADDING SUPPORT (A)

FLAMED BLACK GRANITE SKIN UB 305X165 COLUMN


the meta HUB roof detail B 1:10


the meta HUB wall to roof detail 1:20 & 1:5 TWO LAYERS OF INSULATION STANDING SEAM SHEET ABOVE 100 mm ROCKWOOL 50X100 mm RHS PURLIN ANODISED ALUMINUM CLADDING TO MATCH LOWER MASS SKIN ROOF TRUSS LOW E DOUBLE GLAZING

SEMI STRUCTURAL ALUMINUM FENESTRATION

120 mm ANGLE VERTICAL CLADDING SUPPORT (A)

FLAMED BLACK GRANITE SKIN UB 305X165 COLUMN

VERTICAL CLADDING SUPPORT (A)

UB 406X140 TWIN SUPPORT FOR A

SECTION DETAIL 1:20

SECTION DETAIL 1:5


the meta HUB skin detail 1:10 & 1:5

UB 305X165 COLUMN

VERTICAL CLADDING SUPPORT (A)

UB 406X140 TWIN SUPPORT FOR A

SECTION DETAIL 1:10

SECTION DETAIL 1:5


the meta HUB 3D skin detail


the meta HUB exploded 3D skin detail

The structure is entirely made from universal beams. Continuous reinforced concrete slabs constitute the stepped corridor. They are supported on the UB beams. The skin material is torched black granite inside and out, on a 600 mm square grid. The main supports are vertical sections secured either on top of the beams or suspended from them by brackets. These allow for vertical joint supports to be placed freely on the required height. Horizontal joint supports are screwed on the main supports as well. Additional supports are used for the junction of skin and roof and the glass fenestration immediately under it. This suspension system allows pattern variations on the 600 X 600 grid. Some granite slabs or openings or urn niches extend vertically to more grids than one. Openings of a clear 450 mm width and various heights compose the pattern on the faรงade. A similar pattern on the inside is created not only from the inside face of the windows but the urn niches as well. The void between inside and outside skin houses all the necessary services; HVAC ducts, electrical and system risers etc. It also contains the thermal insulation. Lighting strips are also incorporated to the urn niches surrounds adding to the stark atmosphere created by the dark cladding, floors and ceilings. Air supply / return and ventilation grilles follow the skin grid on the internal side.


the meta HUB administration building skin

The skin on the admin building consists of a conventional high performance wall and fenestration system on the inside and a shading screen suspended to the outside. The main purpose of this is threefold: Uniform appearance, partly hiding the main masse’s complex façade. Solar protection of the building walls and openings. Diffusion of daylight and environmental noise reduction. The final appearance is created by vertical 50 X 75 aluminum hollow sections at 100 mm centres. These are anodised to match other elements like the tower roof cladding. Sections are interrupted by a vertical joint according to the support conditions and opening parts. Every 9 sections there is a supporting metal frame made of 50X50 angles. some frames are hinged so that the relative part of the screen is openable adding the possibility of views through a shaded glass opening. These frames are used to allow prefabrication and preassembly and are supported on the walls by brackets. After installation they are virtually invisible.


the meta HUB administration building skin details

WALL

ALUMINUM FENESTRATION

SKIN SUPPORT THERMAL INSULATION

L 50 SKIN STRUCTURE

1. MARBLE 2. SPECIAL CONDUCTIVE SCREED 3.UNDERFLOOR HEATING 4. INSULATION 5.SLAB

SECTION DETAIL 1:20

ALUMINUM RHS 50X75 VISIBLE SKIN ELEMENTS

PLAN 1:5

SECTION DETAIL 1:5


the meta HUB structure The structure is entirely made from universal beams. Continuous reinforced concrete slabs constitute the stepped corridor. They are supported on the UB beams. The skin material is torched black granite inside and out, on a 600 mm square grid. The main supports are vertical sections secured either on top of the beams or suspended from them by brackets. These allow for vertical joint supports to be placed freely on the required height. Horizontal joint supports are screwed on the main supports as well. Additional supports are used for the junction of skin and roof and the glass fenestration immediately under it. This suspension system allows pattern variations on the 600 X 600 grid. Some granite slabs or openings or urn niches extend vertically to more grids than one. Openings of a clear 450 mm width and various heights compose the pattern on the faรงade. A similar pattern on the inside is created not only from the inside face of the windows but the urn niches as well. The void between inside and outside skin houses all the necessary services; HVAC ducts, electrical and system risers etc. It also contains the thermal insulation. Lighting strips are also incorporated to the urn niches surrounds adding to the stark atmosphere created by the dark cladding, floors and ceilings. Air supply / return and ventilation grilles follow the skin grid on the internal side.


the meta HUB 3D sectional model


the meta HUB physical model 1:500


the meta HUB physical model 1:500


the meta HUB


the meta HUB exterior views


the meta HUB exterior views


the meta HUB gardens of remembrance


the meta HUB multifaith chapel


the meta HUB museum of remembrance interior


the meta HUB museum of remembrance interior


the meta HUB visiting room


the meta HUB view from the administration building


the meta HUB

Final project presentation 2013  

Michelle Koutsolambrou, Manchester University

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