Issuu on Google+

The Most Useful Crop is Austrian Winter Pea One of the more exceptional cover crops resulting from a good production in nitrogen stands out as the Austrian winter pea, which is an annual, low growing legume. Believe it or not, under good circumstances, it has been shown to fix up to 200 pounds of nitrogen per acre each and every year. It is well named because it is winter resistant and can be seeded in the fall. Given its acceptable cover and power to replenish soil, it is wholly worthwhile. This pea is typically called “black pea” or “field pea” and is a cool season legume. Along with different pea species related to it, the winter pea is indigenous to the eastern Mediterranean vicinity as well as western Asia. Once it first made its place in the United States, it was recognized throughout the southeast states as a fall seeded crop. Following that, its use spread north to Oklahoma and to the coastal locations of Oregon and Washington. Now, this robust plant has adjusted well to the Palouse regions of Idaho, Oregon and Washington. This pea will grow low to the ground and the hollowed out, slim stems can certainly grow from 2-4 feet long. Its pods have 3-5 round dark seeds that are usually mottled with spots that are frequently brown or purple. The foliage will be light green and the flowers will be pink, purple, white or perhaps light red. As it's a long-term bloomer, its white and purple flowers are a first and longlasting supplier of nectar for honeybees. This winter pea is chill-resistant and can carry on growing even after temperatures slip to 10 degrees F. Still and all, in the course of a wintertime freeze, these plants could lose a little bit of top growth. You will want to find the most winter sturdy forms of this pea to ensure survival throughout the season, because this plant tends to die during long lasting stints of cold when it is less than eighteen degrees Fahrenheit -- more so when there's a reduction in snow cover. Austrian winter pea can be used for hay, for grazing, or even as a green manure. If it's picked as hay then cut into mulch and used on the soil, it mineralizes nitrogen at a rate that is double that of alfalfa hay. There have been studies in Montana that compared several plants, and green manure derived from Austrian winter pea developed the largest production of springtime wheat the subsequent year. The reason it is a superb grazing crop is because the winter pea continues adding nitrogen to the soil, and the roots keep growing while grazing takes place. Also, it offers quality seed production, and the consideration in winter peas as both food and feed for livestock is increasing. A wintertime legume being applied as as a cover crop is an intrinsic portion of managing soil. One of the most inexpensive ways of enhancing the soil is by planting green manures, also referred to as cover crops. Organic components are broken down by way of the fungi and bacteria within the soil, which emits nutrients back into the soil that plants are equipped to benefit from. Growing these legumes in the winter and then in the spring, incorporating them back into the soil produces numerous good rewards. The organic carbon content is increased, the soil fertility is improved and also the water retaining ability of the soil is also increased. Controlling erosion is also tremendously assisted by planting this kind of cover crop. The Austrian winter pea is known as a cover crop that will eventually aid the soil by escalating nitrogen; too, it makes a fantastic green manure that generates both feed and food. It is helpful as Center Seeds

Page 1

The Most Useful Crop is Austrian Winter Pea it is growing and generating and after it again will become a part of the soil. Obtaining 50 to 70 pounds for every acre of Austrian Winter Pea cover crop is the best solution to maintain the perfect food plot. For more info on Cover Crop, explore them at the website,

Document Tags: austrian winter pea seed, austrian winter pea cover crop

Center Seeds

Page 2

The Most Useful Crop is Austrian Winter Pea