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Customs and traditions in the world/Ecuador Yessenia Acurio Jacqueline Naranjo Belén Pazmiño Tourism and hospitality career – Eight A Technical University of Ambato

Ambato Gonzalo Sánchez Freire y Ángel Castro 0992932972 belpazsol@gmail.com Alba Hernández Mg.


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Each society in the world has its own cultural traditions that identify their heritage and makes them uniquely different. But some people, especially those new to a foreign country expect the locals to act and behave as they do. Like language, cultural traditions identify a person's heritage. Cultural traditions and customs are ingrained in a person. They are practices and beliefs that are learned since birth. Wallerstein (2010) mentions that thus, people from another country should not think that what they consider sensible and polite behavior, facial expressions, hand gestures and cultural practices in their country are perceived similarly in another. But what is Tradition? Tradition was the name given to those cultural features which, in situations of change, were to be continued to be handed on, thought about, preserved and not lost. [CITATION Gra01 \l 3082 ] There are many customs and traditions around the world such as: "No" to sharp objects The cultural traditions of the Netherlands and China are very different. Musil (2017) says that in one thing, they are very similar and that is when receiving gifts that are pointed and sharp, such as scissors and kitchen knives. Also mentions that for the Dutch, these objects are considered unlucky gifts, while for the Chinese, it means you want to break or cut ties with them. Losing a tooth in Greece Darrow (2013) mentions that, for many cultures, children put their teeth under the pillow to receive money. But to children in Greece are told to toss their tooth onto their roofs, so that the child has a healthy tooth and good luck for the family. In our opinion we think that each country has very interesting customs because with small things such as gifts or teeth, they are interpreted in different ways in each country. Colombia — “Tranquilo” Garfors (2016) mentions that y in the moment when he flights will be canceled, the buses won’t run on a schedule or sometimes at all. No importa. Tranquilo. It’s not important.


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This attitude in Colombia generates a constant air of tranquility because everything will work out, especially with the overwhelming kindness of every Colombian who will go out of their way to help you when you’ve missed a bus, don’t have a plane, or need something to do when you have no work for two weeks. Maybe this is the reason why all Colombian maintain the look of eternal youth. [ CITATION Gar16 \l 12298 ] We consider that having a relaxed attitude towards any problem is good for making good decisions during the bad time that is happening Germany — Crossing the street Mitchell (2014) consider, one of the best German organizational habits that should be adopted worldwide, is pedestrians waiting for streetlights. In New York if you don’t jaywalk, you’re an obvious tourist; in Vietnam traffic never stops for pedestrians; and in Mexico, pedestrians are just as sporadic as drivers. In our opinion if the whole world was to adopt the organized and predictable street of Germany, the world would be a safer place. Don't try to ''go Dutch" in Turkey In some cultures, it is acceptable to divided the meal tab even if the lunch is given in your honor, but this is not acceptable when you are in Turkey. Cichanowicz (2018) mentions that, offering to pay for half of the meal is considered polite, but your host will be offended if you insist. It is all right to reciprocate by inviting your host to a continuation meal so you can have your turn to pay for the lunch or dinner. Ecuadorian Festivals, Holidays & Traditions: On the other hand, the first thing you should keep in mind about Ecuadorian culture is that it is not a unique culture. Instead, it is a complete range of mixed cultures, representing all levels of this highly stratified community. New Year’s Eve Vásconez (2015) mention that, this is another holiday in Ecuador, with a turkey or ham dinner, a toast to the old year with wine or sangria, travel with luggage around the neighborhood, and eat 12 grapes to get lucky next year.


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At the stroke of midnight on New Year’s Eve, a fun tradition is setting off fireworks and the burning of the “Monigote” papier-mache figures that can range from one meter to an impressive 5 meters. We consider that the New Year’s Eve in Ecuador is unique, has several charms to start next year. Carnaval, Lent, and Easter Colvin (2018), mentions that the carnival traditions in Ecuador are quite fun, despite not being equal to the carnivals of Brazil. There is a national holiday during which it is common for people to "play Carnival", which means chasing each other with water balloons, powder paint and spray foam, this celebration is days before Ash Wednesday and at the beginning of the season of Lent, lent for its part, is a moment of reflection and penance throughout Ecuador in preparation for Good Friday. In some cities of the country, it is possible that you can see a Via Crucis or the Camino de la Cruz. Dwyer (2016) say "This is a live version of the Stations of the Cross in which the citizen recreates the sentence and the crucifixion of Jesus, often with very realistic exhibits" In our opinion, the combination of these traditions generates a great family union and a great tourist flow because people travel through the main cities to participate in the folk parades that are held by the carnival. Day of the Dead As in many Hispanic countries, Day of the Dead is an opportunity for people to pay homage to their deceased relatives. This tradition is usually accompanied by family visits to the cemetery to light candles or put flowers on the grave of their loved ones, next to the graves of their relatives pray;[CITATION His18 \l 3082 ] in some indigenous communities of Ecuador, the famous pampa table is made. We agree on this date it is an opportunity to remember our loved ones and share a family moment but it should not be the only occasion to do so. Independence Day Ecuador celebrates its independence every May 24 since 1822, when Simon Bolivar's military forces, together with San Martín and Antonio José de Sucre, successfully defeated the Spanish army in the now called Battle of Pichincha [ CITATION Dwy16 \l 3082 ]. Currently in the country is celebrated with a civic parade in the capital, this date


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is a day off throughout the country; we believe that this day it is important to remember the effort our ancestors made to be a country free from slavery. In conclusion culture, tradition and customs plays an important role for a civilization and character of its citizens and society. It helps in striking the balance with mother nature, conservation of natural resources and respecting each other. To teach our generations, how we have to do it and how we can conserve it, respect it, becomes tradition. When we live in a clan, tribe, group or a society we have to follow some set of rules, principles, policies or laws which becomes customs. Therefore, without our culture, traditions and customs we are a complete disconnect with our soul.


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References CICHANOWICZ, L. (2018, April 17). Culture Trip. Retrieved from 11 Surprising Customs from Around the World: https://theculturetrip.com/north-america/usa/articles/12surprising-customs-from-around-the-world/ Colvin, J. (2018). History and Culture of Ecuador. Adventure Life, 18-25. Darrow, P. (2013). "The Ancient Art of Rangoli". Calliope: Carus Publishing Company. Dwyer, H. (2016, October 16). Chimu Blog. Retrieved from Cultures and Customs of Ecuador: https://www.chimuadventures.com/blog/2016/10/cultures-and-customs-ecuador/ Garfors, G. (2016, December 6). The Garfors Globe . Retrieved from 25 Strange Customs and Traditions Around the World: https://garfors.com/25-strange-customs-and-traditionshtml/ Graburn, N. (2001). American Anthropological Association. Museum Anthropology, 6-11. Iutzi Mitchell, R. (2014). Language and Educational Policy. Occasional Papers of the Canadian Studies Program. Musil, D. (2017, 21 June). Matador Network. Retrieved from CULTURE GUIDES: https://matadornetwork.com/read/10-interesting-customs-around-world/ Vásconez, J. (2015). El Ecuador en las “Tradiciones” . AFESE, 169. Wallerstein, I. (2010). The Modern World-System. New York: Academic Books.

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Acurio Yessenia Naranjo Jacqueline Pazmiño Belén

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