Issuu on Google+

ACTIVITIES ABOUT THE TEXTS 2, 3 AND 4 (THE SECOND REPUBLIC)  COMPULSORY ACTIVITIES: Find out in the texts the words for these definitions or synonyms.  Text 2. The Second Republic: The Provisional Government and the Reformist Biennium

                             

to meet with, to welcome someone or something with TO GREET up to this time HITHERTO to predict or foreshadow TO AUGUR miserable, low quality PITIFUL salary WAGE alliance, affiliation UNION wide-ranging SWEEPING change SHIFT a worry, strain, task BURDEN a feeling of dread, anguish ANGST office meeting spaces BOARD-ROOM threat MENACE removing the clerical character or nature of, secularise LAICIZING to exercise an ability or influence, to put into action (third person plural past) EXERTED allow entrance GATE nonbelievers ATHEISTS to be averse to TO SHUDDER enlarged, expanded BLOATED to overcome, or defeat someone or something from a position of power TO OVERTHROW included GATHERED most important (adj) OVERRIDING through a hierarchy FROM ABOVE plan (verb) SET OUT TO (do sth) difficult, hard to endure ARDUOUS outlined, designed DRAFTED made know by open declaration, published, proclaimed PROMULGATED carelessly INCAUTIOUSLY latest, concluding LATTER lone, the only one SOLE by that THEREBY

Obstacles to reform 

high class people

1

Livia Fernández Pérez

ELITES 2º Bachillerato A

Proyecto Integrado 2014


                

indebted, obligated traditional, acknowledged insufficient, minimum personal burden, or difficulty to fix, to cure without enthusiasm fundamental underdeveloped competed bring together in a common cause in disagreement provoked by, or called to action to cause something a gesture to encourage someone or something organised rebellion

BEHOLDEN ORTHODOX MEAGRE HARDSHIP TO REMEDY HALF-HEARTED MAINLY BACKWARD VIED TO BE DRAWN TOGETHER AT ODDS REFLECTED BY TO GIVE RISE PACE TO SPUR ON STAGED INSURRECTION

Divisions within the Republic   

crack, gap severe, intense disagreements, conflicts

             

FISSURE SHARP DISCREPANCIES

Text 3. The Response of the Right and the ‘Black Biennium’ (1933-1936)

made worse careless, messy, untidy majority with determination, firmly supported by avoidance postponing, stalling disappointed by, unsatisfied with removed, extracted torn apart by, separated to cancel, to abolish put into motion become tense or unyielding punishment

2

Livia Fernández Pérez

2º Bachillerato A

EXACERBATED SLIPSHOD BULK STAUNCHLY BACKED BY EVASION FILIBUSTERING DISILLUSIONED WRESTED RIVEN BY TO REPEAL SPARKED OFF STIFFENED REPRISAL Proyecto Integrado 2014


                        

Text 4. The Popular Front and the Path to War

be unsteady weakened disgraces intrusion with extreme care, carefully altogether destructive, overwhelming certainly, unmistakably disruptive complete, absolute enfold, cover indications, signals outnumbered stupidity, foolishness loud, vocal cannot pay debts ineffective rift, break to be left behind state of tension or trouble conflicts or oppositions in the middle of increasing, expanding accusation isolated

3

Livia Fernández Pérez

TO WOBBLE UNDERMINED SCANDALS ENCROACHMENT PAINSTAKINGLY EN MASSE HEADY UNEQUIVOCALLY DIVISIVE OUTRIGHT HARBINGERS OUTFLANKED INANITY VOCIFEROUS BANKRUPTCY FRUITLESS BREACH OUTDISTANCED UNREST CLASHES AMIDST ESCALATING RECRIMINATION REMOTE

2º Bachillerato A

Proyecto Integrado 2014


“The Second Republic: hopes, reforms and handicaps” 14th April 1931 the Second Republic was proclaimed, which was the first genuine democracy system in Spain. Their leaders promised modernity and social justice. The major conquests were included in December 1931 Constitution. First of all, the government passed a set of law to improve labour conditions of the rural and industrial workers: salaries, union rights, bargaining power, etc. Then, the Republic government focused on the Army to turn it into a modern and professional institution. The civil rights and freedoms that the Second Republic brought were very important too, such as the women’s right to vote and the divorce law. During the Second Republic, the government separated church from state and limited its wealth and power over education. The government abolished the Senate, so the Parliament was unicameral. However, the Second Republic had to face important problems. There was a worldwide recession that was an obstacle to carry out the social and labour reforms. Even more, the social base and the political groups that supported the government were divided too; each one of them wanted to defend interests that were in conflict. The lack of a culture of consensus and dialogue between political parties was a serious handicap for the success of the Second Republic.

4

Livia Fernández Pérez

2º Bachillerato A

Proyecto Integrado 2014


Activities about the second republic (texts)