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History of Golf:

Origins A golf-like game is recorded as taking place on 26 February 1297, in the Netherlands, in a city called Loenen aan de Vecht. Here the Dutch played a game with a stick and leather ball. Whoever hit the ball into a target several hundreds of meters away the most number of times, won. However, the modern game of golf we understand today is generally considered to be a Scottish invention, as the game was mentioned in two 15th-century Acts of the Scottish Parliament, prohibiting the playing of the game of gowf. Some scholars, however, suggest that this refers to another game, which is much akin to shinty or hurling, or to modern field hockey rather than golf. They argue that a game of putting a small ball in a hole in the ground using golf clubs was played in 17th-century Netherlands and that this predates the game in Scotland. The word golf may be a Scots alteration of Dutch "kolf" meaning "stick, "club" and "bat" (see: Kolven). There are reports of even earlier accounts of a golf like game from continental Europe. However, these earlier games are more accurately viewed as ancestors of the modern game we understand as golf. The fact remains that the modern game of golf originated and developed in Scotland: the first permanent golf course originated in Scotland, as did membership of the first golf clubs. The very first written rules originated there, as did the establishment of the 18 hole course. The first formalized tournament structures developed and competitions were held between various Scottish cities. Before long, the modern game of golf had spread from Scotland to England and from there to the rest of the world. The oldest playing golf course in the world is The Old Links at Musselburgh

Racecourse. Evidence has shown that golf was played on Musselburgh Links in 1672 although Mary, Queen of Scots reputedly played there in 1567. Golf course evolution Golf courses have not always had eighteen holes. The St Andrews Links occupy a narrow strip of land on Queen Mary of Scots land along the sea. As early as the 15th century, golfers at St Andrews established a trench through the undulating terrain, playing to holes whose locations were dictated by topography. The course that emerged featured eleven holes, laid out end to end from the clubhouse to the far end of the property. One played the holes out, turned around, and played the holes in, for a total of 22 holes. In 1764, several of the holes were deemed too short, and were therefore combined. The number was thereby reduced from 11 to nine, so that a complete round of the links comprised 18 holes. Due to the status of St Andrews as the golfing capital, all other courses followed suit and the 18-hole course remains the standard to the present day. Equipment development The evolution of golf can be explained by the development of the equipment used to play the game. Some of the most notable advancements in the game of golf have come from the development of the golf ball. The golf ball took on many different forms before the 1930’s when the United States Golf Association (USGA) set standards for weight and size. These standards were later followed by a USGA regulation stating that the initial velocity of any golf ball cannot exceed 250 feet per second. Since this time, the golf ball has continued to develop and impact the way the game is played. Another notable factor in the evolution of golf has been the development of golf clubs. The earliest golf clubs were made of wood that was readily available in the area. Over the years, Hickory developed into the standard wood used for shafts and American Persimmon became the choice of wood for the club head due to its hardness and strength. As the golf ball developed and became more durable with the introduction of the “gutty”

around 1850, the club head was also allowed to develop and a variety of iron headed clubs entered the game. The introduction of steel shafts began in the late 1890’s but their adoption by the governing bodies of golf was slow. In the early 1970’s, shaft technology shifted again with the use of graphite for its lightweight and strength characteristics. The first metal “wood” was developed in the early 1980’s and metal eventually completely replaced wood due to its strength and versatility. The latest golf club technology employs the use of graphite shafts and lightweight titanium heads, which allows the club head to be made much larger than previously possible. The strength of these modern materials also allows the face of the club to be much thinner which increases the spring-like effect of the clubface on the ball, theoretically increasing the distance the ball travels. The USGA has recently limited the spring-like effect, also known as the Coefficient of Restitution (COR) to .83 and the maximum club head size to 460cc in an attempt to maintain the challenge of the game. Etymology The word golf was first mentioned in writing in 1457 on a Scottish statute on forbidden games as gouf, possibly derived from the Scots word goulf (variously spelled) meaning "to strike or cuff". This word may, in turn, be derived the Dutch word kolf, meaning "bat," or "club," and the Dutch sport of the same name. But there is an even earlier reference to the game of golf and it is believed to have happened in 1452 when King James II banned the game because it kept his subjects from their archery practice. There is a persistent urban legend claiming that the term derives from an acronym "Gentlemen Only, Ladies Forbidden". This is almost certainly a false etymology as acronyms being used as words are a fairly modern phenomenon, making the expression more likely to be a backronym.

In April 2005, new evidence re-invigorated the debate concerning the origins of golf. Recent evidence unearthed by Prof. Ling Hongling of Lanzhou University suggests that a game similar to modern-day golf was

played in China since Southern Tang Dynasty, 500 years before golf was first mentioned in Scotland. Dōngxuān Records from the Song Dynasty (960–1279) describes a game called chuíwán and also includes drawings of the game. It was played with 10 clubs including a cuanbang, pubang, and shaobang, which are comparable to a driver, two-wood, and three-wood. Clubs were inlaid with jade and gold, suggesting golf was for the wealthy. Chinese archive includes references to a Southern Tang official who asked his daughter to dig holes as a target. Ling suggested golf was exported to Europe and then Scotland by Mongolian travelers in the late Middle Ages. A spokesman for the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews, one of the oldest Scotland golf organization, said "Stick and ball games have been around for many centuries, but golf as we know it today, played over 18 holes, clearly originated in Scotland." The following is a partial timeline of the history of golf : • 1354 - The first recorded reference to "Chloe", the probable antecedent of golf. It is a derivative of hockey played in Flanders. • 1421 - A Scottish regiment aiding the French against the English at the Siege of Bauge is introduced to the game of Chloe. Hugh Kennedy, Robert Stewart and John Smale, three of the identified players, are credited with introducing the game in Scotland. • 1457 - Gowf (as it was known in the British Isles), along with football, is banned by the Scots Parliament of James II to preserve the skills of Archery by prohibiting gowf on Sundays because it has interfered with military training for the wars against the English. • 1470 - The ban on golf is reaffirmed by the Parliament of James III. • 1491 - The golf ban is affirmed again by Parliament, this time under James IV. • 1502 - With the signing of the Treaty of Glasgow between England and Scotland, the ban on golf is lifted. • James IV makes the first recorded purchase of golf equipment, a set of golf clubs from a bow-maker in Perth.

• 1513 - Queen Catherine, queen consort of England, in a letter to Cardinal Wolsey, refers to the growing popularity of golf in England. • 1527 - The first commoner recorded as a golfer is Sir Robert Maule, described as playing on Barry Links, Angus (near the modern-day town of Carnoustie). • 1552 - The first recorded evidence of golf at St. Andrews, Fife. • 1553 - The Archbishop of St Andrews issues a decree giving the local populace the right to play golf on the links at St. Andrews. • 1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, seen playing golf shortly after the death of her husband Lord Darnley, is the first known female golfer. • 1589 - Golf is banned in the Blackfriars Yard, Glasgow. This is the earliest reference to golf in the west of Scotland. • 1592 - The Royal Burgh of Edinburgh bans golfing at Leith on Sunday "in tyme of sermonis." • 1618 - Invention of the featherie ball. • King James VI of Scotland and I of England confirm the right of the populace to play golf on Sundays. • 1621 - First recorded reference to golf on the links of Dornoch (later Royal Dornoch), in the far north of Scotland. • 1641 - Charles I is playing golf at Leith when he learns of the Irish rebellion, marking the beginning of the English Civil War. He finishes his round. • 1642 - John Dickson receives a license as ball-maker for Aberdeen. • 1659 - Golf is banned from the streets of Albany, New York-the first reference to golf in America. • 1682 - In the first recorded international golf match, the Duke of York and John Paterstone of Scotland defeat two English noblemen in a match played on the links of Leith. • Andrew Dickson, carrying clubs for the Duke of York, is the first recorded caddy. • 1687 - A book by Thomas Kincaid, Thoughts on Golve, contains the first references on how golf clubs are made.

• 1721 - Earliest reference to golf at Glasgow Green, the first course played in the west of Scotland. • 1724 - "A solemn match of golf" between Alexander Elphinstone and Captain John Porteous becomes the first match reported in a newspaper. Elphinstone fights and wins a duel on the same ground in 1729. • 1735 - The Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh is formed. [1] • 1743 - Thomas Mathison's epic The Goff is the first literary effort devoted to golf. • 1744 - The Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers is formed, playing at Leith links. It is the first golf club. • The Royal Burgh of Edinburgh pays for a Silver Cup to be awarded to the annual champion in an open competition played at Leith. John Rattray is the first champion. • 1754 - Golfers at St. Andrews purchase a Silver Cup for an open championship played on the Old Course. Bailie William Landale is the first champion. • The first codified Rules of Golf published by the St. Andrews Golfers (later the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews). • 1759 - Earliest reference to stroke play, at St. Andrews. Previously, all play was match. • 1764 - The competition for the Silver Club at Leith is restricted to members of the Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers. • The first four holes at St. Andrews are combined into two, reducing the round from twenty-two holes (11 out and in) to 18 (nine out and in). St. Andrews is the first 18-hole golf course, and sets the standard for future courses. • 1766 - The Blackheath Club in London becomes the first golf club formed outside of Scotland. • 1767 - The score of 94 returned by James Durham at St. Andrews in the Silver Cup competition sets a record unbroken for 86 years. • 1768 - The Golf House at Leith is erected. It is the first golf clubhouse.

• 1773 - Competition at St. Andrews is restricted to members of the Leith and St. Andrews societies. • 1774 - Thomas McMillan offers a Silver Cup for competition at Musselburgh, East Lothian. He wins the first championship. • The first part-time golf course professional (at the time also the greenskeeper is hired), by the Edinburgh Burgess Society. • 1780 - The Society of Golfers at Aberdeen (later the Royal Aberdeen Golf Club) is formed. • 1783 - A Silver Club is offered for competition at Glasgow. • 1786 - The South Carolina Golf Club is formed in Charleston, the first golf club outside of the United Kingdom. • The Crail Golfing Society is formed. • 1787 - The Bruntsfield Club is formed. • 1788 - The Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers requires members to wear club uniform when playing on the links. • 1797 - The Burntisland Golf Club is formed. • The town of St. Andrews sells the land containing the Old Course (known then as Pilmor Links), to Thomas Erskine for 805 pounds. Erskine was required to preserve the course for golf. • 1806 - The St. Andrews Club chooses to elect its captains rather than award captaincy to the winner of the Silver Cup. Thus begins the tradition of the Captain "playing himself into office," by hitting a single shot before the start of the annual competition. • 1810 - Earliest recorded reference to a women's competition at Musselburgh. • 1820 - The Bangalore Club is formed. • 1824 - The Perth Golfing Society is formed, later Royal Perth (the first club so honored). • 1826 - Hickory imported from America is used to make golf shafts. • 1829 - The Dum Dum Golfing Club, later Calcutta Golf Club (and later still Royal Calcutta) is formed. • 1832 - The North Berwick Club is founded, the first to include women in its activities, although they are not permitted to play in competitions.

• 1833 - King William IV confers the distinction of "Royal" on the Perth Golfing Society; as Royal Perth it is the first Club to hold the distinction. • The St. Andrews Golfers ban the stymie, but rescind the ban one-year later. • 1834 - William IV confers the title "Royal and Ancient" on the Golf Club at St. Andrews. • 1836 - The Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers abandons the deteriorating Leith Links, moving to Musselburgh. • The longest drive ever recorded with a feathery ball, 361 yards, is achieved by Samuel Messieux at Elysian Fields. • 1842 - The Bombay Golfing Society (later Royal Bombay) is founded. • 1844 - Blackheath follows Leith in expanding its course from five to seven holes. North Berwick also had seven holes at the time, although the trend toward a standard eighteen had begun. • 1848 - Invention of the "guttie," the gutta-percha ball. It flies farther than the feathery and is much less expensive. It contributes greatly to the expansion of the game.

1851 - 1860 The Prestwick Golf Club is founded. 1856 The Royal Curragh Golf Club is founded at Kildare, the first golf club in Ireland. Pau Golf Club is founded, the first on the Continent. A rule change is enacted that, in match play, the ball must be played as it lies or the hole is conceded. It is the last recorded toughening of the rules structure. 1857 "The Golfer's Manual", by "A Keen Hand" (H. B. Farnie), is published. It is the first book on golf instruction. The Prestwick Club institutes the first Championship Meeting, a foursome competition at St. Andrews attended by eleven golf clubs. George Glennie and J.C. Stewart win for Blackheath. 1858

The format of the Championship Meeting is changed to individual match play and is won by Robert Chambers of Bruntsfield. Allan Robertson becomes the first golfer to break 80 at the Old Course, recording a 79. The King James VI Golf Club is founded in Perth, Scotland. 1859 George Condie of Perth wins the first Amateur Championship. Death of Allan Robertson, the first great professional golfer.

1860 - 1870 The Prestwick Club institutes a Professional Championship played at Prestwick; the first Championship Belt is won by Willie Park, Snr. 1861 The Professionals Championship is opened to amateurs, and the Open Championship is born. The first competition is won by Old Tom Morris. 1864 The North Devon Golf Club is founded at Westward Ho! 1867 The Ladies' Golf Club at St. Andrews is founded, the first golf club for women. 1869 The Liverpool Golf Club is founded at Hoylake, later Royal Liverpool. Young Tom Morris, age 17, wins the first of four successive Open Championships. His streak would include an 11-stroke victory in 1869 and a 12-stroke victory in 1870 (in a 36-hole format). His 149 in the 1870 Open over 36 holes is a stroke average that would not be equaled until the invention of the rubber-cored ball.

1870 - 1880 Young Tom Morris wins his third consecutive Open Championship, thus winning permanent possession of the Belt. The Royal Adelaide Golf Club is founded, the first golf club in Australia. 1872

The Open Championship is reinstituted when Prestwick, St. Andrews and the Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers offer a new trophy, with the Open Championship to be hosted in rotation by the three clubs. Young Tom Morris wins his fourth consecutive Open Championship. 1873 The Royal Montreal Golf Club is formed, the first club in Canada. The Open Championship is held for the first time at the Old Course. 1875 The Oxford and Cambridge University Golf Clubs are founded. Young Tom Morris dies at age 24. He did not emotionally recover from the death of both his wife and their daughter in childbirth earlier that year. Vesper Country Club is formed in Tyngsboro, MA. 1878 The first University Match is played at Wimbledon, won by Oxford.

1880 - 1890 Royal Belfast is founded. The use of moulds is instituted to dimple the gutta-percha ball. Golfers had long noticed that the guttie worked in the air much better after it had been hit several times and scuffed up. 1883 Bob Ferguson of Musselburgh, losing The Open in extra holes, comes one victory shy of equaling Young Tom Morris' record of four consecutive titles. Ferguson ends up later in life penniless, working out of the Musselburgh caddy-shack. 1884 The Oakhurst Golf Club is founded at White Sulphur Springs. The first hole at The Homestead survives from this course and is the oldest surviving golf hole in America. 1885 The Amateur Championship is first played at Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake.

The Royal Cape Golf Club is founded at Wynberg, South Africa, the first club in Africa. 1886 A.J. Balfour is appointed Chief Secretary (Cabinet Minister) for Ireland; his rise to political and social prominence has an incalculable effect on the popularity of golf, as he is an indefatigable player and catalyzes great interest in the game through his writing and public speaking. 1887 "The Art of Golf" by Sir Walter Simpson is published. 1887 The Foxburg Country Club is founded in Foxburg, Pennsylvania, the oldest golf course in the United States in continuous use in one place. 1888 The St. Andrew's Golf Club is founded in Yonkers, New York, the oldest surviving golf club in America.

1890 - 1900 John Ball, an English amateur, becomes the first non-Scotsman and first amateur to win The Open Championship. Bogey is invented by Hugh Rotherham, as the score of the hypothetical golfer playing perfect golf at every hole. Rotherham calls this a "Ground Score," but Dr. Thomas Brown, honorary Secretary of the Great Yarmouth Club, christens this hypothetical man a "Bogey Man," after a popular song of the day, and christens his score a "Bogey." With the invention of the rubber-cored ball golfers are able to reach the greens in fewer strokes, and so bogey has come to represent one over the par score for the hole. 1891 The Golfing Union of Ireland is founded on 12th October 1891 and is the oldest Golfing Union in the world. Shinnecock Hills Golf Club is founded on Long Island. Warkworth Golf Club is founded in Northumberland, designed by Old Tom Morris 1892

Glen Arven Country Club golf course established in Thomasville, Georgia USA, the oldest course still in use in Georgia. Gate money is charged for the first time, at a match between Douglas Rollard and Jack White at Cambridge. The practice of paying for matches through private betting, rather than gate receipts and sponsorships, survives well into the 20th Century as a "Calcutta," but increasingly gate receipts are the source of legitimate prize purses. The Amateur Golf Championship of India and the East is instituted, the first international championship event. 1893 The Ladies' Golf Union of Great Britain and Ireland is founded and the first British Ladies Amateur Golf Championship won by Lady Margaret Scott at Royal Lytham & St Anne’s Golf Club. The Irish Ladies' Golf Union is founded and is the oldest Ladies Golf Union in the world. The Chicago Golf Club opens the United States' first 18-hole golf course on the site of the present-day Downers Grove Golf Course. The Chicago Golf Club moved to its current location in 1895. 1894 The Open is played on an English course for the first time and is won for the first time by an Englishman, J.H. Taylor. The United States Golf Association is founded as the Amateur Golf Association of the United States. Charter members are the Chicago Golf Club, The Country Club, Newport Country Club, St. Andrew's Golf Club, and Shinnecock Hills Golf Club. Tacoma Golf Club is founded, the first golf club on the Pacific Coast. 1895 The U.S. Amateur Championship is instituted, with Charles B. Macdonald winning the inaugural event. The first United States Open is held the following day, with Horace Rawlins winning. July 6, 1895 - Van Cortlandt Park Golf Course opens - the first public golf course in America. The pool cue is banned as a putter by the USGA. The U.S. Women's Amateur is instituted. Mrs. Charles S. Brown (nÊe Lucy N. Barnes)[1] is the first winner.

1896 Harry Vardon wins his first British Open. 1897 The first NCAA Championship is held. Louis Bayard, Jr. is the winner. "Golf", America's first golfing magazine, is published for the first time. 1898 Freddie Tait, betting he could reach the Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club clubhouse from the clubhouse at Royal St George's Golf Club - a three mile distance - in forty shots or less, puts his 32nd stroke through a window at the Cinque Ports club. The Haskell ball is designed and patented by Coburn Haskell. It is the first rubber-cored ball. The term "birdie" is coined at Atlantic C.C. from "a bird of a hole." 1899 The Western Open is first played at Glenview G.C., the first tournament in what would evolve into the PGA Tour.

1900 - 1910 Walter Travis wins the first of his three U.S. Amateur Championships. Harry Vardon wins the U.S. Open, the first golfer to win both the British and U.S. Opens. Golf is placed on the Olympic calendar for the 2nd Games at Paris. 1901 The PGA - Professional Golfers' Association (Great Britain & Ireland) is established. Walter Travis wins his second U.S. Amateur, and becomes the first golfer to win a major title with the Haskell ball, the first rubber-cored golf ball. When Sandy Herd wins the British Open and Laurie Auchterlonie the U.S. Open the next year with the Haskell, virtually all competitors switch to the new ball. Sunningdale, a course built amidst a cleared forest, opens for play. It is the first course with grass grown completely from seed. Previously, golf courses were routed through meadows, which frequently created drainage problems as the meadows were typically atop clay soil.

The first course at the Carolina Hotel (later the Pinehurst Resort & CC) in Pinehurst, North Carolina, is completed by Donald Ross. Ross will go on to design 600 courses in his storied career as a golf course architect. Walter Travis publishes his first book, "Practical Golf", a tome that received a rave review in the New York Times. 1902 England and Scotland inaugurate an Amateur Team competition, with Scotland winning at Hoylake. The first grooved-faced irons are invented. 1903 Walter Travis becomes the first three-time U.S. Amateur Champion. Oakmont Country Club is founded in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, designed by Henry Fownes. It is widely regarded as one of the finest examples of penal-style golf architecture. 1904 Walter Travis becomes the first American to win the British Amateur using the center-shafted, Schenectady putter. Golf makes its second and final Olympic appearance at the Olympic Games in St. Louis. 1905 Women golfers from Britain and the United States play an international match, with the British winning 6 matches to 1. William Taylor in England patents the first dimple-pattern for golf balls. "The Complete Golfer" by Harry Vardon is published. It promotes and demonstrates the Vardon or overlapping grip. 1906 Goodrich introduces a golf ball with a rubber core filled with compressed air. The "Pneumatic" proves quite lively, but also prone to explode in warm weather, often in a golfer's pocket. The ball is eventually discontinued; at this time the Haskell ball achieves a dominance of the golf ball market. 1907 Arnaud Massy becomes the first golfer from Continental Europe to win The Open Championship. 1908

Mrs. Gordon Robertson, at Princes Ladies GC, becomes the first female professional. "The Mystery of Golf" by Arnold Haultain is published. Walter Travis launches the golf magazine “The American Golfer�. A dispute over the format of the competition leads to the cancellation of the golf tournament at the 1908 Summer Olympics. 1909 The USGA rules that caddies, caddymasters and greenkeepers over the age of sixteen are professional golfers. The ruling is later modified and eventually reversed in 1963.

1910 - 1920 The R & A bans the center-shafted putter while the USGA keeps it legal marking the beginning of a 42-year period with two official versions of The Rules of Golf. Arthur F. Knight patents steel shafts. 1911 John McDermott becomes the first native-born American to win the U.S. Open. At 17 years of age, he is also the youngest winner to date. 1912 John Ball wins his eighth British Amateur championship, a record not yet equaled. 1913 Francis Ouimet, age 20, becomes the first amateur to win the U.S. Open, defeating favorites Harry Vardon and Ted Ray in a play-off. The first professional international match is played between France and the United States at La Boulie, France. 1914 Formation of The Tokyo Club at Komozawa kicks off the Japanese golf boom. Harry Vardon wins his sixth Open Championship, a record to this day (Peter Thomson and Tom Watson have since won five Opens each). 1915

The Open Championship is discontinued for the duration of the First World War. 1916 The PGA of America is founded by 82 charter members and the PGA Championship is inaugurated. Jim Barnes is the first champion. The first miniature golf course opens in Pinehurst, North Carolina. Francis Ouimet is banned from amateur play for his involvement with a sporting goods business. The ruling creates a stir of protest and is reversed in 1918. 1917 The PGA Championship and the U.S. Open are discontinued for the duration of the First World War. 1919 The R & A assume control over The Open Championship (British Open) and The Amateur Championship (British Amateur). Pebble Beach Golf Links opens as the Del Monte G.L. in Pebble Beach, California.

1920 - 1930 The USGA founds its famed Green Section to conduct research on turfgrass. The first practice range is opened in Pinehurst, North Carolina. "The Professional Golfer of America" is first published which, today known as "PGA Magazine", is the oldest continually published golf magazine in the United States. A golf tournament is scheduled for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp but it is ultimately cancelled. 1921 The R & A limits the size and weight of the ball. 1922 Walter Hagen becomes the first native American to win The Open Championship. He subsequently becomes the first professional golfer to open a golf equipment company under his own name.

The Walker Cup Match is instituted. Two direct descendants of Walker Cup founder George Herbert Walker would become President of the United States—his grandson George H. W. Bush, the 41st President, and his great-grandson George W. Bush, the 43rd President. The Prince of Wales is elected Captain of the R & A. The Texas Open is inaugurated, the second oldest surviving PGA Tour event. Pine Valley Golf Club opens in New Jersey. 1923 The West and East courses at Winged Foot Golf Club in Mamaroneck, New York open for play, designed by A.W. Tillinghast. 1924 Joyce Wethered wins her record fifth consecutive English Ladies' Championship. The Olympic Club in San Francisco opens for play. The USGA legalizes steel-shafted golf clubs. The R & A does not follow suit until 1929, widening the breach in The Rules of Golf. 1925 The first fairway irrigation system is developed in Dallas, Texas. Deep-grooved irons are banned by both the USGA and the R & A. 1926 Jess Sweetser becomes the first native-born American to win the British Amateur. Bobby Jones wins the British Open. Gate money is instituted at the British Open. Walter Hagen defeats Bobby Jones 12 and 11 in a privately sponsored 72hole match in Florida. The Los Angeles Open is inaugurated, the third oldest surviving PGA Tour event. It is also the first tournament to offer a $10,000 purse. 1927 The inaugural Ryder Cup Matches are played between Britain and the United States. Creeping bentgrass is developed for putting greens by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1928

Cypress Point Club opens, designed by Alister MacKenzie. 1929 Walter Hagen wins The Open Championship for the fourth time. Seminole Golf Club opens in Palm Beach, Florida, from a design by Donald Ross.

1930 - 1940 Bobby Jones completes the original Grand Slam, winning the U.S. and British Amateurs and the U.S. and British Opens in the same year. Since Jones is an amateur, however, the financial windfall belongs to professional Bobby Cruickshank, who bets on Jones to complete the Slam, at 120-1 odds, and pockets $60,000. Jones perhaps satisfied that he has achieved all he can in the game, retires from competition aged 28 to practice law full-time (and to found a new club that would become known as Augusta National). The Minehead Club makes Captaincy elective. They had been the last club to award the Captaincy to the winner of the annual competition. The Duke of York (later King George VI) is elected Captain of the R & A. Shinnecock Hills Golf Club opens its modern course on Long Island, New York. Bob Harlow is hired as manager of the PGA's Tournament Bureau, and he first proposes the idea of expanding "The Circuit," as the Tour is then known, from a series of winter events leading up to the season ending North and South Open in spring, into a year-round Tour. 1931 Billy Burke defeats George Von Elm in a 72-hole playoff at Inverness to win the 1931 U.S. Open, in the longest playoff ever played. They were tied at 292 after regulation play and both scored 149 in the first 36-hole playoff. Burke is the first golfer to win a major championship using steelshafted golf clubs. The USGA increases the minimum size of the golf ball from 1.62 inches to 1.68 inches, and decreases the maximum weight from 1.62 ounces to 1.55. The R & A does not follow suit. The lighter, larger "balloon ball" is

universally despised and eventually the USGA raises the weight back to 1.62 ounces. 1932 The first Curtis Cup Match is held at Wentworth in England. The concave-faced wedge is banned. Gene Sarazen is credited with the introduction of the sand-wedge. Sarazen wins both the British and U.S. Open titles in 1932, becoming only the second man (after Bobby Jones) to achieve the feat. Walter Hagen wins a fifth Western Open. At the time, and until the 1950s, the Western Open was considered among the most important tournaments, behind only the National Opens and the PGA Championship (of which Hagen won eleven in total) in status. 1933 The Prince of Wales reaches the final of the Parliamentary Handicap Tournament. Augusta National Golf Club designed by Alister MacKenzie with advice from Bobby Jones, opens for play. Craig Wood hits a 430 yard (393 m) drive at the Old Course's fifth hole in the British Open; this is still the longest drive in a major championship. Wood loses a playoff for the championship to Denny Shute. Gene Sarazen finishes third, and later in the year wins the PGA Championship. Hershey Chocolate Company, in sponsoring the Hershey Open, becomes the first corporate title sponsor of a professional tournament. 1934 The first Masters is played. Horton Smith is the first champion. In this inaugural event, the present-day back and front nines were reversed. Olin Dutra wins the U.S. Open by a shot from Gene Sarazen. Henry Cotton wins his first British Open, at Royal St. George's, and shoots a 65 in his second round, a feat that was commemorated by the "Dunlop 65" golf ball. Sid Brews, winner of the South African, French and Dutch Opens in 1934, enjoys his best finish at a British Open, in second place. The official U.S. PGA Tour is created built around events like the major championships; Western Open and which pre-dated it. Paul Runyan is the first official Money List leader.

1935 Glenna Collett Vare wins the U.S. Women's Amateur a record sixth time. Pinehurst #2 is completed by Donald Ross, generally described as his masterpiece. Gene Sarazen double-eagles the par-5 15th hole to catch the leaders at The Masters. His "Shot Heard Round the World" propels him to victory, and due to the coverage of his feat, propels both the game of golf and Augusta National to new heights of popularity. 1936 Johnny Fischer becomes the last golfer to win a major championship (the U.S. Amateur) with hickory-shafted clubs. Harry Cooper finishes second at both the Masters and the U.S. Open, where he breaks the all-time tournament record only for Tony Manero to better it. Cooper would finish in the top four of major championships eleven times in his career without winning one. 1937 The Bing Crosby Pro-Am is inaugurated in San Diego. A few years later it moves to the Monterey Peninsula, where it remains to this day. Henry Cotton wins his second British Open at Carnoustie, from a field that includes the entire U.S. Ryder Cup side, including Snead, Nelson, Hagen, Sarazen and Guldahl. 1938 The British amateurs score their first victory over the United States in the Walker Cup Match at the Old Course. Ralph Guldahl retains his U.S. Open crown, becoming only the fourth man to win back-to-back titles. The Palm Beach Invitational becomes the first tournament to make a contribution to charity-$10,000. The 14-club rule is instituted by the USGA. 1939 Byron Nelson wins the U.S. Open after a 3-man playoff against Craig Wood and Denny Shute. Sam Snead, needing a 5 at the last hole to win the championship, takes 8, and misses even making the playoff. The U.S. Open would remain the only major championship Snead never won.

1940 - 1945 The British Open and Amateur are discontinued for the duration of the Second World War. 1942 The U.S. Open is discontinued for the duration of the war. A worldwide shortage of rubber, a vital military supply, creates a shortage and huge price increase in golf balls. Sam Snead manages to complete an entire four-day tournament playing one ball, but the professional circuit is severely curtailed. The U.S. government halts the manufacture of golf equipment for the duration of the war. 1943 The PGA Championship is cancelled for the year, and The Masters is discontinued for the duration of the war. 1944 The PGA expands its tour to 22 events despite the absence of many of its star players due to military service. 1945 Byron Nelson wins 18 tournaments in a calendar year to set an all-time PGA Tour record-including a record 11 in a row and a record 19 consecutive rounds under 70. His total prize earnings during his 11-win streak, $30,000, is less than last place money for the PGA Tour Championship by 1992. The Tam O'Shanter Open offers a then-record purse of $60,000. • 1945-49 • 1945 • • Byron Nelson wins 18 tournaments in a calendar year to set an alltime PGA Tour record-including a record 11 in a row and a record 19 consecutive rounds under 70. His total prize earnings during his 11-win streak, $30,000, is less than last place money for the PGA Tour Championship by 1992. • • The Tam O'Shanter Open offers a then-record purse of $60,000.

• • 1946 • • Sam Snead travels to St Andrews to compete in the first post-war British Open, and is victorious, winning by four shots from Johnny Bulla and Bobby Locke. • • Lloyd Mangrum wins the U.S. Open in a second playoff, after three players - Mangrum, Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi - all tie with 72 in the first playoff. • • The U.S. Women's Open is instituted. Patty Berg is the first winner. • • 1947 • • Mildred "Babe" Zaharias becomes the first American to win the British Ladies Amateur, at Gullane. • • Golf is televised for the first time, in a local St. Louis telecast of the U.S. Open. • • Lew Worsham wins a playoff for the U.S. Open against Sam Snead. The playoff ends in controversy as Worsham asks officials to measure which ball is closest to the hole, just as Snead is about to putt. The measure proves Snead is to putt first, but he misses, and Worsham holes his putt for victory. • • Amateur Frank Stranahan finishes runner-up at both the U.S. Masters (two shots behind Jimmy Demaret), and the British Open (a shot behind Fred Daly). Leading amateur players would continue to make occasional forays onto the leaderboards of major championships (excepting the PGA, for obvious reasons) until the early 1960s, since when it has become extremely rare for an amateur to finish in the top-ten.

• • Jim Ferrier becomes the first Australian to win a major championship, when he defeats Chick Harbert 2 and 1 in the final of the PGA Championship. • • Golf World magazine is founded. • • 1948 • • Henry Cotton wins his third British Open, at the age of 41. • • Ben Hogan wins eleven tournaments during the season, including both the U.S. Open and PGA Championships. • • Club professional Claude Harmon - invited after finishing twentieth in the previous year's U.S. Open - wins the Masters championship. • • Bobby Locke sets a PGA Tour record with a 16-stroke winning margin in the Chicago Victory National Championship. • • Herbert Warren Wind's authoritative "The Story of American Golf" is published. • • The U.S. Junior Amateur is instituted. Ken Venturi loses to Dean Lind in the first final. • • The "USGA Golf Journal" is founded. • • 1949 • • In February, Ben Hogan is involved in a terrible car accident that nearly kills him, and leaves him unable to walk, let alone play golf, for the whole season. In his absence, Sam Snead enjoys his finest

season, winning the Masters, the PGA Championship and finishing second at the U.S. Open to Cary Middlecoff.

• • Bobby Locke becomes the first South African to win the British Open. • • Louise Suggs wins the U.S. Women's Open by a record margin of 14 strokes. • • Marie Roke of Wollaston, Massachusetts aces a 393-yard (359 m) hole—the longest ace ever recorded by a woman. • • The U.S. side defeat Great Britain and Ireland 7-5 to win the Ryder Cup at Ganton, in Yorkshire. The following week, the team stay in England to accept invites to the News of the World Match Play here, however, they are unable to take the trophy, for although Lloyd Mangrum reaches the semi-final, the eventual winner is Welshman Dai Rees. • • • [edit] 1950 • The LPGA is founded, replacing the ailing Women's Professional Golf Association. • • Ben Hogan, only weeks after returning to the PGA Tour following a near fatal auto accident, win the U.S. Open at Merion. • • 1951 • • Francis Ouimet becomes the first American Captain of the R & A. • • The USGA and the R & A, in a conference, complete a newly revised Rules of Golf. Although in 1951 the R & A and the USGA continue to differ over the size of the golf ball, all other conflicts are resolved in this momentous conference. The center-shafted

putter is legalized worldwide. The out-of-bounds penalty is standardized at stroke-and-distance, and the stymie is finally and forever abolished. • • Golf Digest is founded, with Bill Davis as editor. • • On February 10, Al Brosch became the first PGA player to shoot a round of 11 under par. Brosch set the record in the third round of the Texas Open at Brackenridge Park Golf Course in San Antonio, Texas. • • Despite competing in only 5 events in a playing schedule severely curtailed following his car crash, Ben Hogan finishes fourth on the U.S. Tour money list. From his five starts, Hogan wins the Masters, the U.S. Open and the World Championship of Golf. He finishes 2nd and 4th in his other two events - the Seminole Pro-Am and the Colonial Invitational. • • 1952 • • Marlene Hagge wins the Sarasota Open when she is 18 years 14 days old—an LPGA record. • • Patty Berg shoots an LPGA-record of 64 for an 18-hole round. • • Golf Digest establishes the National Hole-in-One Clearing House. • • 1953 • • Tommy Armour's "How to Play Your Best Golf All the Time" is published and becomes the first golf book ever to hit the best-seller lists. •

• Ben Hogan wins the first three legs of the modern Grand Slam (The Masters, U.S. Open, and British Open), but does not compete in the final leg, the PGA Championship. • • The Tam O'Shanter World Championship becomes the first tournament to be nationally televised. Lew Worsham holes a 104yard (95 m) wedge shot on the final hole for eagle and victory in one of the most dramatic finishes ever. • • The Canada Cup is instituted, the first event that brings together teams from all over the world. After 1966 the tournament is known as the World Cup. Argentina, whose two-man team of Roberto DeVicenzo, wins the inaugural tournament and Antonio Cerdá beats a 9-team field that includes a United States team of Julius Boros and Jim Turnesa. Within a couple of years, more than 30 nations are represented at the event, which becomes one of the most important fixtures on golf's calendar. • • 1954 • • Sam Snead defeats Ben Hogan 70-71 in a playoff for the U.S. Masters • • Peter Thomson wins the British Open, the first of five victories he will achieve in the event. • • Architect Robert Trent Jones, upon receiving complaints that he has made the par-3 fourth hole at Baltusrol too hard for the upcoming U.S. Open, plays the hole to see for himself and records a hole-in-one. • • The U.S. Open is nationally televised for the first time. • • The Tam O'Shanter World Championship offers the first $100,000 purse for a golf tournament. Bob Toski wins the $50,000 first prize.

Toski's three other tournament victories on the PGA Tour this year earn him a total of $8,000.

• • "All-Star Golf," a filmed series of matches, debuts on network television. • • Babe Zaharias returns to the LPGA Tour following cancer surgery and wins the U.S. Women's Open. • • The first PGA Merchandise Show is held in a parking lot in Dunedin, Florida, outside the PGA National Golf Club. Salesmen work the show out of the trunks of their cars. The Show goes on to become one of the main events on the golfing calendar - by 1994 it grows to over 30,000 attendees, four days, and has become the single largest tenant of the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, spilling over 220,000 square feet (20,000 m²) of exhibit space. • • 1955 • • Ben Hogan, chasing a record fifth U.S. Open title, surprisingly loses a playoff to rookie Jack Fleck. • • On February 17, Mike Souchak began one of the most spectacular four-day performances in PGA history with a round of 60. In winning the Texas Open at the Brackenridge Park Golf Course in San Antonio, Texas, three days later Souchak set a 72-hole record by finishing 27 under par. His rounds of 60-68-64-65 resulted in a total of 257. Souchak's record withstood the challenges of nearly 2,000 PGA events before Mark Calcavecchia finally broke it in 2001. • • 1956 •

• Cary Middlecoff, winner of the Masters the previous year, wins the U.S. Open title, by a shot from Ben Hogan and Julius Boros. Peter Thomson, who would go on to win a third consecutive British Open championship, finishes fourth. • • Jack Burke, Jr. wins both the Masters and the PGA Championship, his Masters victory coming after third-round leader, amateur Ken Venturi, stumbles with an 80 in the final round. • • The current yardage guides for pars are adopted by the USGA. • • 1957 • • The Great Britain and Ireland team wins the Ryder Cup Matches at Lindrick, ending a drought that dates back to 1935. • • Harvie Ward loses his amateur status for accepting expenses from sponsors for golf tournaments. The ruling is reversed in 1958. • • Ben Hogan's Five Lessons is published. • • 1958 • • Arnold Palmer is allowed a controversial free drop to save par in the final round of The Masters, and he goes on to defeat Ken Venturi. • • 1959 • • Art Wall enjoys his finest season, winning the U.S. Masters and topping the U.S. Tour Money list following three further victories. The year also marks the arrival as major champions of Gary Player, winner of the British Open, and Billy Casper, winner of the U.S. Open. •

• Bill Wright, in winning the U.S. Amateur Public Links, becomes the first African-American to win a national championship. • • Golf Magazine is founded, with Charles Price as the first editor. • • • [edit] 1960 • Arnold Palmer comes back from six shots down in the final round to win the U.S. Open, with 20-year-old Amateur Jack Nicklaus finishing runner-up. With his victory, Palmer completes the first two legs of the modern Grand Slam after winning The Masters in April, the first player to win both since Ben Hogan in 1953. He goes on to finish second to Australian Kel Nagle in the British Open to end his bid for the Grand Slam. Palmer's entry in the British Open is credited with reviving American interest in the championship, which had rarely attracted America's leading players since World War Two. Palmer went on to win the British Open in both 1961 and 1962. • • Lifting, cleaning, and repairing ballmarks is allowed on the putting green for the first time. • • 1961 • • Gary Player becomes the first foreign player to win The Masters. • • Caucasians-only clause stricken from the PGA constitution, and at the Greater Greensboro Open Charlie Sifford becomes the first black golfer to play in a PGA co-sponsored tournament in the South. • • 1962 • • Dr. Joseph Boydstone records 11 aces in one calendar year. Three were recorded in one round, at Bakersfield C.C., Calif.

• • Jack Nicklaus wins his first professional tournament, the U.S. Open, making him (among his many other notable records) one of very few players to win the U.S. Open as their first pro victory (Orville Moody and Jerry Pate would later emulate the feat). • • Painted lines are first utilized to mark water hazards at the U.S. Open. • • 1963 • • Arnold Palmer becomes the first professional to earn over $100,000 in official prize money in one calendar year. • • Mickey Wright wins a record 13 events on the LPGA Tour in one year. • • Bob Charles becomes the first New Zealander to win a major championship, winning the British Open after a playoff with American Phil Rodgers. • • The casting method for irons is first employed. • • 1964 • • PGA National opens, in Palm Beach, Florida. • • Mickey Wright sets the LPGA 18-hole record with a 62 at Hogan Park GC in the Tall City Open. • • Norman Manley, an amateur from Long Beach, California, scores holes-in-one on two successive par-4s at Del Valley CC, Calif. It is the first and only time this feat has been accomplished. •

• Tony Lema, the colorful U.S. professional, wins the British Open at St Andrews. It would be Lema's greatest triumph before he was killed in an air crash in 1966, aged just 32. • • Mark McCormack establishes the Piccadilly World Match Play Championship at Wentworth, which brings together the year's four major winners, and other invited leading players of the year from the British and American tours. Arnold Palmer, who defeats Britain’s Neil Coles in the final, wins the inaugural event. Gary Player would come to dominate the event for the following decade with five wins, twice defeating Jack Nicklaus in the final. • • 1965 • • Sam Snead wins the Greater Greensboro Open, his 81st Tour victory, a record (the total was later revised to 82). His victory is the eighth in the Greensboro event, also a record. Finally, he wins at the age of 52, also a PGA Tour record. • • Jack Nicklaus sets a tournament record of 271 in winning The Masters. • • Gary Player wins the U.S. Open championship after a playoff with Australian Kel Nagle, to complete a career "Grand Slam" of the four major professional titles. He becomes only the third player (Gene Sarazen and Ben Hogan were the first two) to accomplish the feat. • • Peter Thomson wins a fifth Open Championship, and in so doing proves that he can beat a field that includes the leading U.S. Tour professionals of the day, many of whom had ignored the event for his wins in the 1950s. On the final day, Thomson overtook Tony Lema, Bruce Devlin and Arnold Palmer to win. • • Dave Marr wins the PGA Championship, by two shots from Jack Nicklaus and Billy Casper. Although Marr would never win

another major title as a player, he would go on to become one of the most popular and well-respected TV commentators on the game. • • Mrs. William Jenkins Sr. of Baltimore, Maryland, double-eagles the par-five 12th hole at Longview GC, the longest ever recorded by a woman. • • PGA Tour Qualifying School is inaugurated at PGA National, with 17 golfers of the 49 applicants winning their playing cards. • • 1966 • • Arnold Palmer blows a six-shot lead in the final round of the U.S. Open, dropping back into a playoff, which he loses, to a surging Billy Casper at Olympic. Although he remained one of the world's leading players for another decade, and one of its most influential and charismatic figures for the rest of his career, Palmer would never win another major championship. • • Jack Nicklaus wins his first British Open championship, to become the fourth player to complete a career "Grand Slam", just a year after Gary Player became the third. It would be another 34 years before a fifth player (Tiger Woods) accomplished the feat. • • 1967 • • After six finishes in the top three without a victory, Argentine Roberto DeVicenzo wins a popular British Open victory at Hoylake, by two shots from Jack Nicklaus and by six from Gary Player and local favorite Clive Clark. • • A year after losing the same event in a playoff to Jack Nicklaus, Gay Brewer wins the Masters. •

• Charlie Sifford, by winning the Greater Hartford Open, becomes the first African-American to win a PGA Tour event. • • Catherine Lacoste becomes the first amateur to win the U.S. Women's Open. • • The Canada Cup changes its name to the World Cup. • • 1968 • • Arnold Palmer passes the $1 million mark in career PGA earnings. • • The PGA of America and the PGA Tour officially split, with the tournament professionals forming a breakaway group known as the Association of Professional Golfers. The breach is eventually healed, and a Tournament Players Division of the PGA is formed. Joe Dey is elected the next year as the first PGA Tour commissioner. • • Roberto DeVicenzo "ties" Bob Goalby after regulation play in The Masters, but signs an incorrect scorecard (that showed him having scored a 4 on the 17th hole instead of the 3 he actually took) and so loses the event by that stroke without a playoff. The sad decision is announced to incredulous spectators only after officials and tournament advisors including Bobby Jones do everything they can to scour the rulebook for a possible loophole. • • Canada wins the World Cup of Golf - the event previously known as the Canada Cup, which ironically they never won - in Italy. Their 2-man team of Al Balding and George Knudson beat U.S. team Lee Trevino and Julius Boros by two shots. • • Tommy Moore, age 6 years 1 month, 1 week, becomes the youngest player to score a hole-in-one. Moore also becomes, in 1975, the youngest player ever to score a double-eagle.

• • 1969 • • Ollie Bowers of Gaffney, South Carolina completes a record 542 rounds (9,756 holes) in one calendar year. • • Tony Jacklin becomes the first home player to win the British Open for 18 years, with a two-shot victory over Bob Charles at Royal Lytham. • • Jack Nicklaus concedes Tony Jacklin's final putt and Britain ties the U.S. in the Ryder Cup Matches, after five consecutive defeats. The gesture is often hailed as "the greatest act of sportsmanship in history." • • The trend setting Harbour Town Golf Links opens on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina designed by Pete Dye with assistance from Jack Nicklaus. • • • [edit] 1970 • So often disappointed in final-round battles at Augusta, Billy Casper finally wins a Masters championship, after a playoff against fellow veteran Gene Littler. • • Tony Jacklin becomes the first British winner of the U.S. Open for almost 50 years, at Hazeltine. As of 2007, he is the last European to win this event. • • Jack Nicklaus wins a playoff against Doug Sanders to win the British Open at St Andrews. Sanders, three times before a runnerup in major championships, missed a short putt on the final hole of regulation play to secure the title. •

• Bill Burke, with a 57 at Normandie C.C., sets the all-time official record for low 18-hole score. • • Thad Doker of Durham, N.C. records a record two-under par 70 in the World One Club Championship at Lochmere CC. • • 1971 • • JoAnne Carner wins the U.S. Women's Open, becoming the first person ever to win three different individual USGA championship events. She had previously won the U.S. Girls' Junior once and the U.S. Women's Amateur five times. • • Laura Baugh wins the U.S. Women's Amateur at 16 years 2 months of age. • • Alan Shepard hits a six-iron at "Fra Mauro Country Club" on the moon. • • Lee Trevino enjoys an astonishing summer, winning the U.S. Open, the Canadian Open, and then the British Open Championship, in quick succession. He becomes the first player to win the U.S and British Opens in the same year since Ben Hogan in 1953. His British Open victory comes after a final-round duel with immediate crowd favorite Lu Liang-Huan, from Taiwan - "Mr. Lu" - the first time any Asian golfer had finished in the top three of a major tournament. • • Jack Nicklaus wins the PGA Championship - unusually played in February in 1971 - but then surprisingly loses the Masters, beaten in the final round by unheralded playing partner Charles Coody. Nicklaus would then lose a playoff for the U.S. Open to Lee Trevino. • • 1972

• • Carolyn Cudone wins the U.S. Senior Women's Amateur for a record fifth consecutive time. • • Dick Kimbrough completes 364 holes in 24 hours at the 6,068 North Platte CC in Nebraska. • • Tom Doty records 10-under-par in four holes at Brookwood CC, Illinois. His streak includes a double-eagle, two holes-in-one, and an eagle. • • Spalding introduces the first two-piece ball, the Top-Flite. • • Jack Nicklaus completes the first two legs of the modern Grand Slam winning the Masters and the U.S. Open (at Pebble Beach), but like Arnold Palmer in 1960, falters in the British Open by finishing second (to Lee Trevino). Nicklaus was also the holder of the 1971 PGA Championship, and so would have become the first golfer to hold all four titles at the same time. Trevino's one-shot victory at Muirfield comes after he holes seemingly impossible chip shots from off the green at both the 16th and 18th holes in the third round. And then again at the 17th in the final round - snatching the tournament from under the nose of playing partner and home favorite Tony Jacklin, who is so stunned he proceeds to three-putt the 17th from 15 feet then bogey the last as well, to miss out on even second place. The young Jacklin would never again challenge seriously in a major championship. • • 1973 • • Ben Crenshaw wins the NCAA title for a record 3rd consecutive time. Later in the year, after earning his PGA Tour card, he wins the first event he plays as a PGA Tour member, the San Antonio Open. •

• Johnny Miller fires a record 63 in the final round to win the U.S. Open at Oakmont. • • Tom Weiskopf enjoys his most successful season, with four U.S. tour victories capped by a victory in the British Open. • • Tommy Aaron, the player whose mistakenly recorded 4 on Roberto DeVicenzo's card in 1968 was not noticed in time to prevent disaster, wins the U.S. Masters. Britain's young player Peter Oosterhuis leads after 3 rounds but finishes third, the closest any British player had come to victory at Augusta at that time. • • The graphite shaft is invented. • • The classic golf book Golf in the Kingdom. By Michael Murphy, is published. • • Jack Nicklaus wins the PGA Championship and breaks Bobby Jones' record for most major victories with his 14th. Nicklaus wins seven times in total on the U.S. Tour, for the second year in succession, to top the annual U.S. Money List for a sixth time, taking him clear of the record number of five that he had shared with Ben Hogan. • • 1974 • • Deane Beman is elected as the second PGA Tour commissioner. • • Gary Player, aged 39, enjoys arguably his most successful season, winning both the Masters Championship and the British Open. Meanwhile, on the U.S. tour, Johnny Miller wins eight times, the most by any player in a single season since Arnold Palmer in 1960. •

• Roberto DeVicenzo scores six birdies, an eagle, and three more birdies for a record 11-under par for ten holes, at Valla Allende GC, Argentina. • • Jerry Pate wins the U.S. Amateur at Ridgewood C.C. in New Jersey, beating Curtis Strange in the semi-final. The pair would go on to win 3 U.S. Open titles between them in distinguished careers. • • The World Golf Hall of Fame is opened in Pinehurst, North Carolina. • • Mike Austin hits a 515-yard (471 m) drive at the 1974 National Seniors Open in Las Vegas, Nev.; the longest drive ever recorded in competition. • • Jack Nicklaus' "Golf My Way" is published and rapidly becomes one of the best-selling sports books of all time. • • Tom Weiskopf strikes a 420-yard (384 m) drive in the greenside bunker on the 10th hole at Augusta National—the longest drive in Masters history. • • Muirfield Village Golf Club opens from a Desmond Muirhead/Jack Nicklaus design. • • The Tournament Players Championship is inaugurated. • • 1975 • • Lee Elder becomes the first black golfer to play in The Masters. Jack Nicklaus wins the event; a fifth Masters victory that takes Jack clear of Arnold Palmer's record of four. • • Well-known third-round leaders suffering poor final rounds to allow relatively unknown players to pass them and win

characterize both the U.S. Open and the British Open. At Medinah, Frank Beard gives away a three-shot overnight lead, and Lou Graham emerges victorious; at Carnoustie, South Africa's Bobby Cole — winner of the individual and team titles at the previous year's World Cup — is the victim, allowing Tom Watson to slip past for his first major victory.

• • Lee Trevino, Jerry Heard and Bobby Nichols are struck by lightning during the 1975 Western Open. The incident prompts new safety standards in weather preparedness at PGA Tour events, but one spectator is killed when struck by lightning during the 1991 U.S. Open at Hazeltine National, and one at the PGA Championship at Crooked Stick later that summer. • • 1976 • • Nerveless rookie Jerry Pate wins the U.S. Open championship, firing a spectacular approach shot over a lake to within two feet at the final hole, after playing partner John Mahaffey had hit into the water attempting the same feat. • • Judy Rankin becomes the first LPGA professional to earn more than $100,000 in a season. • • Richard Stanwood sets the record for fewest putts in one round— 15—at Riverside GC in Pocatello, Idaho. • • The USGA institutes the Overall Distance Standard—golf balls that fly more than 280 yards (256 m) during a standard test are banned. • • 1977 • • Al Geiberger shoots 59 at Colonial CC in the second round of the Danny Thomas Memphis Classic, to set a new PGA Tour 18-hole record.

• • Bing Crosby dies after completing a round of golf in Spain. His Bing Crosby National Pro-Am continues for several years, but after relations sour between the PGA Tour and the Crosby family, AT&T takes over sponsorship of the event. • • Police receive a telephoned threat against the life of U.S. Open leader Hubert Green as he prepares to complete his final round. Green is informed of the threat but chooses to complete the tournament and goes on to win. • • The "sudden-death" playoff is used for the first time in a major championship, when Lanny Wadkins defeats Gene Littler for the PGA Championship played at Pebble Beach. • • In what has been described as the most exciting tournament in history, Tom Watson defeats Jack Nicklaus by one stroke in the British Open, at Turnberry. They were tied with each other after two rounds, and played together for the final 36 holes, during which they shot 65-65, and 65-66, respectively. Runner-up Nicklaus finished ten shots clear of third place. • • 1978 • • The Legends of Golf is inaugurated at Onion Creek C.C. in Austin, Texas. Its popularity leads to the formation of the Senior PGA Tour two years later. • • Gary Player, aged 43, wins the Masters championship for his ninth major title. As if not to be upstaged, later in the year Jack Nicklaus wins a third British Open title, taking his career total to fifteen. • • John Mahaffey wins the PGA Championship in a playoff, after Tom Watson lets slip a five-shot lead during the final day. Watson, an

eight-time major champion, would never win a PGA Championship to complete the career Grand Slam.

• • The ever-growing LPGA Tour finds a new superstar to make headlines that surpass even those from the men's game, as Nancy Lopez, in her rookie season, wins five events in a row among nine victories in all. • • 1979 • • The Ryder Cup is reformatted to add European continent players to the British and Irish side, making the event far more competitive. The move is prompted in no small part by the rise of golfers such as Severiano Ballesteros. As if to emphasise the need for change, Ballesteros — already known simply as "Sevvy" to an adoring British public — wins the British Open at Lytham St Annes, becoming the first Spanish golfer to win a major, and the first from Continental Europe to win a major since Frenchman Arnaud Massy in 1907. • • Taylor Made introduces the first metal woods. • • Ed Sneed bogeys each of the last three holes to lose a three-shot lead at the Masters, and drop back into a playoff which is then won by Fuzzy Zoeller. • • • [edit] 1980 • Tom Watson is the first golfer to earn $500,000 in prize money in a single season. • • The Senior PGA Tour is born, with four official events. The U.S. Senior Open is instituted. Roberto DeVicenzo is the first winner. •

• Jack Nicklaus sets a record of 272 in the U.S. Open at Baltusrol. His mark is equaled in the 1993 U.S. Open by Lee Janzen, also at Baltusrol, and later by Tiger Woods in 2000 at Pebble Beach and Jim Furyk in 2003 at Olympia Fields. Isao Aoki finishes second, the highest finish by a Japanese golfer at a major championship. • • The USGA introduces the Symmetry Standard, banning balls such as the Polaris which correct themselves in flight. • • Gary Wright completes 18 holes in a record 28 minutes 9 seconds at Twantin Noosa GC, Australia 6,039 yards (5,522 m). • • 1981 • • The Tournament Players Club at Sawgrass opens, with its controversial island green 17th hole, and immediately becomes the permanent host of the Tournament Players Championship. The TPC at Sawgrass becomes the prototype for a dozen "stadium" TPC courses around the United States, built specifically to host PGA Tour co-sponsored events and affording better viewing for spectators. • • The USGA institutes the U.S. Mid-Amateur for male amateur golfers 25 and older. • • Kathy Whitworth becomes the first woman to earn $1 million in career prize money. • • Bill Rogers wins the British Open, the Australian Open, and has victories in America and Japan. • • Sol Kerzner, the owner of the Sun City resort complex in South Africa, creates golf's first $1m purse event - the Sun City Million Dollar Challenge. The inaugural event (and $500,000) is won by Johnny Miller.

• • Nathaniel Crosby, son of late film star Bing, wins the U.S. Amateur championship. • • 1982 • • Kevin Murray double-eagles the 647 yard (592 m) second hole at the Guam Navy GC, the longest double-eagle ever recorded. • • Tom Watson holes one of the most famous shots in U.S. Open history, a delicate chip from the rough beside the 17th green at Pebble Beach that helps him to defeat Jack Nicklaus. A month later, Watson wins his fourth British Open title, in a tournament that will be remembered for the collapse of young American Bobby Clampett. Virtually unknown (certainly to British fans) going into the event, Clampett began 67-66 to open up a 5-shot halfway lead. Still the leader after three rounds, he shot a sorry 77 in the final round to finish well down the field. Watson narrowly misses out on a fifth U.S. Money List crown in six years, as that honour goes to the fiery Craig Stadler, who wins the U.S. Masters in his finest season. • • 1983 • • The PGA Tour introduces the 'all-exempt' Tour, with the top 125 players from the 1982 money list exempt from weekly qualifying for tournaments, as opposed to the top 60 as before. A record 34 different players win tournaments, and no-one is able to win more than twice, an unprecedented occurrence. One who does win twice is 25-year-old Hal Sutton, 1982's rookie of the year, who becomes Player of the Year with victories in the Tournament Players Championship and PGA Championship. Isao Aoki becomes the first Japanese golfer to win on the U.S. Tour, with victory in the Hawaiian Open. Aoki holes a 128-yard wedge shot on the final

hole for an eagle that allows him to defeat Jack Renner by one stroke.

• • Severiano Ballesteros wins his second U.S. Masters, and is inspirational as a youthful European side come agonizingly close to defeating the United States in the Ryder Cup. • • Tom Watson wins a fifth British Open title - but his first in England not Scotland, after a scrambling final day that with nine holes to play saw seven players - Watson, Lee Trevino, Graham Marsh, Andy Bean, Hale Irwin, Ray Floyd and home favourite Nick Faldo - all within a shot of the lead. Watson almost retains his U.S. Open crown as well, but loses by a shot to Larry Nelson, who holes a 60-foot downhill putt on Oakmont's 16th green on his way to victory. • • 1984 • • Desert Highlands opens in Phoenix from a design by Jack Nicklaus utilizing only 80 irrigated acres for 18 holes, instead of the typical 100-150 for a major course. The success of Nicklaus' concept of "target golf" ushers in the era of environmentally-sensitive desert design. • • Ben Crenshaw, after five second-place finishes in Major championships, finally wins one, as he beats his long-time friend Tom Kite to take his first U.S. Masters title. • • Severiano Ballesteros defeats Tom Watson in one of the most dramatic finishes ever at the British Open at St Andrews. As Ballesteros birdied the final hole to a huge roar from his adopted "home" fans, Watson pushed his approach at the famous 17th "Road Hole" through the green and against a wall, dropping a crucial shot. •

• At the age of 44, Lee Trevino wins a sixth major championship, the PGA Championship. It is ten years since his last one. 48-year-old Gary Player is runner-up. • • 1985 • • Nancy Lopez sets the LPGA 72-hole record with 268 in the Henredon Classic. • • Bernhard Langer becomes the first German golfer to win a Major Championship, when he wins the U.S. Masters. Later in the summer, Sandy Lyle becomes the first British player to win the Open Championship for 16 years, despite a nervy finish at Sandwich. These successes are topped off in the Autumn when Europe regains the Ryder Cup for the first time since 1957, beating the United States at The Belfry in England. • • In one of the most unlikely U.S. Open championships in history, a Taiwanese, a South African and a Canadian are all narrowly beaten by an American - one who hadn't won a tournament for seven years. Former champion Andy North held off Tze-Chung Chen, Denis Watson and Dave Barr for his second major victory. Later in the year, Hubert Green, like North without a victory for several years, also won his second major title, at the PGA Championship. • • Calvin Peete wins the Tournament Players Championship with a course record 72-hole score of 274. Although not a major championship, this is the most significant tour victory to this date by a black golfer. • • The $1m Alfred Dunhill Cup at St Andrews is inaugurated, a threeman matchplay competition that aims to replace the World Cup of Golf - a largely ignored event for several years now - as the premier international team event. Australia win the opening version, their team of Greg Norman, Graham Marsh and David Graham

(golferDavid Graham defeating a United States side of Mark O'Meara, Raymond Floyd and Curtis Strange 3-0 in the final.

• • The USGA introduces the Slope System to allow golfers to adjust their handicaps to allow for the relative difficulty of a golf course compared to players of their own ability. • • 1986 • • Jack Nicklaus, at the age of 46, shoots a final-round 65 at The Masters to win his 18th professional major championship, and 20th in all. His final-day charge takes him past virtually all of the leading players of the generation below him, including Greg Norman, Seve Ballesteros, Tom Watson and Tom Kite. In June, Ray Floyd also rolls back the years to win the U.S. Open, aged 44. • • The Sony Rankings system is introduced, the first formallyrecognised ranking system for men's golf. The first-ever number one, in April 1986, is 1985 Masters Champion Bernhard Langer. • • Bob Tway sinks a bunker shot at the final hole to beat Greg Norman in the PGA Championship. Norman had held the lead on Sunday morning in each of the four major championships of 1986, but was able to win only the British Open. Tway's stroke began a celebrated series of miracle shots holed by various golfers to defeat Norman in major events. • • The Pete Dye-designed PGA West opens amid great controversy concerning the difficulty of the course. • • The Panasonic Las Vegas Invitational offers the first $1 million purse on the PGA Tour. The $207,000 first prize is won by Greg Norman, who finishes the year top of both the U.S. Money List and the World Rankings. •

• The PGA Tour Team Charity Competition debuts. By 1987, Tourrelated contributions to charity exceed $100,000,000, and by 1992 they reach a total of $200,000,000. • • 1987 • • The Links at Spanish Bay opens, the first true links course in the Western United States. It is a co-design by Robert Trent Jones, Jr., Tom Watson, and former USGA President Frank "Sandy" Tatum. • • Judy Bell becomes the first woman elected to the USGA Executive Committee. • • Larry Mize holed a 40-yard pitch shot to defeat Greg Norman in a play-off for the U.S. Masters. The previous year, Norman had beaten Mize in a playoff for the Kemper Open after Mize hit a short pitch shot across a green and into a lake. Norman, a 10-time winner around the globe in 1986, would not win again on the U.S. Tour for over twelve months. • • At the British Open, Nick Faldo plays a flawless last round of 18 consecutive pars to win his first major championship. The victory rewarded Faldo's efforts to completely re-model his swing, that had seen him virtually leave the Tour for two years. • • Larry Nelson wins his third major championship in six years, defeating Lanny Wadkins in a playoff for the PGA Championship. The victory means that three of Nelson's nine career U.S.Tour wins to date have come in majors. • • Europe win the Ryder Cup on American soil for the first time, and rub salt into the wounds by defeating an American team captained by Jack Nicklaus, at the Muirfield Village course which Nicklaus designed. The result provides final confirmation of the recent swing in global dominance away from the American players; at the

end of 1987, only one of the world's top six (Curtis Strange, in 5th) is American, while four (Severiano Ballesteros, Bernhard Langer, Sandy Lyle and Ian Woosnam are European, while the world number one remains Greg Norman.

• • The Nabisco Championships (later The Tour Championship) debuts as a season-ending event for the top 30 money winners. The first winner is Tom Watson, breaking a three year victory drought. Earlier in the year, Watson narrowly missed victory at the U.S. Open, finishing second to unheralded Scott Simpson. • • Walter Dietz, a blind golfer, aces the 155 yard (142 m) seventh hole at Manakiki G.C., California. • • 1988 • • Links Magazine is founded (originally Southern Links), with Mark Brown as editor-in-chief. • • Lori Garbacz orders a pizza between holes at the U.S. Women's Open to protest slow play. • • Square-grooved clubs such as the PING Eye2 irons are banned by the USGA, which claims that tests show the clubs give an unfair competitive advantage to PING customers. The PGA Tour also bans the clubs in 1989. Karsten Manufacturing, maker of the clubs, fights a costly two-year battle with both the USGA and the PGA Tour to have the ban rescinded after winning a temporary injunction. Eventually both organizations drop the ban, while Karsten acknowledges the right of the organizations to regulate equipment and pledges to make modifications to future designs. • • Sandy Lyle becomes the first British player to win the U.S. Masters. Lyle sweeps his approach shot to the last green out of a fairway

bunker to within 15 feet, and sinks the resulting birdie putt for a one-shot victory over Mark Calcavecchia.

• • Severiano Ballesteros wins his third British Open championship in the first-ever Monday finish to the 72 holes, after the whole of Saturday's scheduled third round at Royal Lytham was lost to torrential rain. The victory, one of several around the globe for Ballesteros in 1988, helps him to finish the year on top of the SONY World Rankings. • • Curtis Strange wins the season-ending Nabisco Championships at Pebble Beach, and his $360,000 paycheck lifts his official 1988 Tour earnings to $1,147,644, and thus he becomes the first player to win over $1,000,000 in a single season. Earlier in the year Strange defeated Nick Faldo in a play-off for his first major title, the U.S. Open. • • 1989 • • Four golfers, Doug Weaver, Mark Wiebe, Jerry Pate and Nick Price, hit aces on the par-three sixth hole on the same day in the U.S. Open at Oak Hill. Curtis Strange retains his U.S. Open crown (the first player to do so since 1951) after Tom Kite hits a final day 78 to let slip a third round lead. • • Nick Faldo sinks a 100 foot (30 m) birdie putt on the second hole at Augusta National in The Masters, the longest putt holed to date in a major tournament. Faldo goes on to win The Masters, ironically abetted by Scott Hoch missing a short putt to win the event - a downhill effort of little more than 2 feet on the first playoff hole. • • Mark Calcavecchia wins the British Open in a novel 4-hole playoff format, against Australians Wayne Grady and Greg Norman. Calcavecchia hits a five-iron out of the rough at the final hole to within six feet for the winning birdie.

• • Payne Stewart, noted for his flamboyant dress (plus-fours and a sponsorship deal that sees him wear the often garish colours of the nearest NFL team) wins the PGA Championship, after a late collapse by Mike Reid. • • • [edit] 1990 • Hall Thompson of Shoal Creek GC, on the eve of the PGA Championship at Shoal Creek, defends his club's policy of not admitting black members. Amidst a public outcry, Shoal Creek 1990 is forced to change its policy and the PGA Tour and the USGA insist that in future all clubs submit to a standard set of guidelines on membership policies. Cypress Point Club and Aronimink, among others, decide they are unable to comply and withdraw from the professional tournament arena. • • Bill Blue resigns after a short reign as LPGA Commissioner. Charles Mecham is selected as his successor. • • Construction begins on Shadow Creek Golf Club, the most expensive golf course ever built, with cost estimates ranging from $35 to $60 million as Tom Fazio creates an oasis in the Las Vegas desert. The club in 1994 vaults into eighth place on the Golf Digest top-100 course rankings, sparking controversy. • • The R & A, after 38 years, adopts the 1.68 inch diameter ball, and for the first time since 1910 The Rules of Golf are standardized throughout the world. • • The initial Solheim Cup is played at Lake Nona G.C., Orlando, commencing a biennial USA vs. Europe competition for women, a recognition of the growing strength of women's golf on both sides of the Atlantic. •

• The Ben Hogan Tour is launched as a minor league for the PGA Tour, following the increased success of mini-tours such as the U.S. Golf Tour in 1989. • • Nick Faldo retains his U.S. Masters title, once again in a play-off (this time against Ray Floyd). Later in the year, he adds the British Open, in a tournament that is effectively decided in the third round, where Faldo shoots a 67 while co-leader Greg Norman struggles to a 76. At the U.S. Open, however, Faldo narrowly misses out, as 45-year-old veteran Hale Irwin holes an unlikely 40foot putt at the last to edge him out by a shot. Irwin wins his third U.S. Open (eleven years after his second) following a playoff against Mike Donald. • • Australian Wayne Grady, who lost a playoff at the British Open in 1989, bounces back to win the PGA Championship. Fred Couples, chasing too hard, misses several short putts on the back nine when apparently poised to snatch victory. • • 1991 • • The Ocean Course at Kiawah Island, S.C., the first course to be awarded the Ryder Cup Matches before the course has been completed, is the scene of the United States' first victory in the event since 1983. The competition comes down to a twisting putt of seven feet (2 m) on the 18th hole missed by Bernhard Langer in the final match (against Hale Irwin). • • Unknown John Daly wins the PGA Championship at Crooked Stick when, as ninth alternate, a slot in the tournament opens up for him on the night before the Championship begins. Daly wins an army of fans overnight with his prodigious hitting from the tees and an apparently fearless approach to putting. The golfer who withdrew and gave Daly his place, Nick Price, wins the PGA Championship in 1992 at Bellerive.

• • Phil Mickelson, an amateur, wins the PGA Tour's Northern Telecom Open. • • Diminutive Welshman Ian Woosnam holds off the challenges of Tom Watson and José María Olazábal to win The Masters. The win is the most important in an increasing list of tournaments that Woosnam has won around the world since 1987, and helps him to overtake Nick Faldo at the top of the World Rankings. • • Australian Ian Baker-Finch, who was best remembered by British fans for being the 23-year-old player who had led the 1984 Open Championship after three rounds before hitting a 79 on the final day, again leads after three rounds but this time wins the British Open in comfortable style with a superb 66, against playing partner Mark O'Meara's 69. • • Oversized metal woods are introduced, with Callaway Golf's Big Bertha quickly establishing itself as the dominant brand, the Big Bertha driver becomes one of the biggest-selling clubs of all time. • • Harvey Penick's Little Red Book becomes the all-time best selling golf book. • • 1992 • • All three American major championships are won by players who had enjoyed successful U.S. Tour careers but had, until 1992, only been able to finish runner-up at best in the majors. First, at the Masters, Fred Couples wins after final-round battle with Ray Floyd. Then, Tom Kite (U.S. Tour leading money-winner as long ago as 1981) emerges victorious at the U.S. Open after a windswept final round at Pebble Beach that sees many of the third-round leaders shoot high scores. And finally, Nick Price - twice a runner-up at the British Open Championship - wins the PGA Championship, the

start of a period of good form that would take him to the world number one position by the end of 1994. The year's other major, the British Open, is won by Nick Faldo - his fifth major title in five years. Faldo rises to the World number one position in 1992.

• • Simon Clough and Boris Janic complete 18-hole rounds in five countries in one day, walking each course. They played rounds in France, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany, and completed their journey in 16 hours, 35 minutes. • • Brittany Andres, age 6 years 19 days, scores an ace at the 85 yard (78 m) second hole at the Jimmy Clay G.C. in Austin, Texas. • • 1993 • • An ownership group led by Joe Gibbs and Arnold Palmer announce plans for The Golf Channel, a 24-hour, 365-day cable service. • • Bernhard Langer wins his second U.S. Masters title, but the event is remembered for the criticism aimed by some commentators at Chip Beck for laying up short of the water at the 15th hole, apparently defending his second place rather than risking all to challenge Langer's 3-shot lead. • • Greg Norman also wins a second major title, the British Open. Playing scintillating golf, Norman's total of 267 is the lowest ever recorded in a major championship. However, the following month, Norman misses out on the PGA Championship, beaten in a suddendeath playoff by Paul Azinger. The defeat means Norman has lost playoffs in each of the four majors, a dubious honour he shares with Craig Wood, who lost playoffs in three of them and also the 1934 PGA Championship (in match play) final in extra holes. • • Men's Golf •

• • • • • •

Major championship results: April - The Masters - Bernhard Langer June - U.S. Open - Lee Janzen July - The Open Championship - Greg Norman August - PGA Championship - Paul Azinger PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Nick Price $1,478,557 • Senior PGA Tour leading money winner: Dave Stockton $1,175,944 • Ryder Cup: United States team won 15-13 over the Europe team in world golf. • Women's Golf • • U.S. Women's Open - Lauri Merten • LPGA Championship - Patty Sheehan • Betsy King: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $595,992. • 1994 • • Nick Price enjoys a phenomenal year, leading the U.S. Money List for the second successive season and winning both the British Open and PGA Championships. His win at the British Open comes courtesy of a 5-foot eagle putt at the 17th in the final round. • • Greg Norman, shoots a course-record 264 to win the Tournament Players Championship around the famed Pete Dye designed Sawgrass course. • • Ernie Els wins a three-way playoff to become the second South African winner of the U.S. Open, against Colin Montgomerie and Loren Roberts. José María Olazábal becomes the second Spaniard to win the U.S. Masters, defeating third-round leader Tom Lehman by two shots. •

• Tiger Woods becomes the youngest man ever to win the U.S. Amateur, at age 18. Several players had previously won aged 19, including Jack Nicklaus in 1959. • • Men's Golf • • Major championship results: • April - The Masters - José María Olazábal • June - U.S. Open - Ernie Els • July - The Open Championship - Nick Price • August - PGA Championship - Nick Price • PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Nick Price $1,499,927 • Senior PGA Tour leading money winner: Dave Stockton $1,402,519 • Women's Golf • • U.S. Women's Open - Patty Sheehan • LPGA Championship - Laura Davies • Laura Davies: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $687,201. • 1995 • • Days after the death of his long-time friend and mentor Harvey Penick, Ben Crenshaw wins a second U.S. Masters championship with an emotional victory over Davis Love III and Greg Norman. • • Norman also narrowly misses out at the U.S. Open, finishing second for the 7th time in a major, behind Corey Pavin. • • John Daly proves that his 1991 PGA Championship was not a fluke, as he wins the Open Championship at St Andrews after a playoff with Italian Costantino Rocca. Rocca holes a long putt at the last to force the playoff as Daly, in the clubhouse, watches on, but Daly dominates the 4-hole playoff.

• • Steve Elkington wins a sudden-death playoff to collect his first major at the PGA Championship. Colin Montgomerie loses, the second year in succession he had lost a playoff in a major (a record he shares with Ben Hogan, Arnold Palmer and Tom Watson). • • Men's Golf • • Major championship results: • April - The Masters - Ben Crenshaw • June - U.S. Open - Corey Pavin • July - The Open Championship - John Daly • August - PGA Championship - Steve Elkington • PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Greg Norman $1,654,959 • Senior PGA Tour leading money winner: Jim Colbert - $1,444,386 • Ryder Cup: Europe won 14 1/2 to 13 1/2 over the United States in world team golf. • Women's Golf • • U.S. Women's Open - Annika Sörenstam • LPGA Championship - Kelly Robbins • Annika Sörenstam: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $666,533 • 1996 • • In one of the most astonishing final rounds in the tournament's history, Greg Norman loses a 5-shot third round lead to lose by 6, as Nick Faldo's superb 67 contrasts with Norman's dreadful 78. • • After a career seemingly curtailed several years previously by a motorcycle accident, Steve Jones wins the U.S. Open. Both Davis Love III and Tom Lehman finish just short of Jones. Lehman (as at the 1994 Masters and 1995 U.S. Open) leads on Saturday night but cannot hold on. At the British Open, Lehman again leads after

three rounds, but this time is able to finish the job, winning his first major title. The PGA Championship also goes to a first-time major winner as Mark Brooks beats Kenny Perry in a sudden-death playoff after a two-shot swing (Perry bogeyed and Brooks birdied) at the 72nd hole. • • Tiger Woods became the first golfer to win three consecutive U.S. Amateur titles. This was the sixth consecutive year in which he won a USGA championship, one short of Bobby Jones' record of seven. In September, he turned professional. He receives a number of sponsors' invitations to PGA Tour events, but is still expected by most to have to return to the qualifying school to earn a full players' card for 1997. However, in the last five regular tournaments of the year on the PGA Tour, his finishes were 5-3-13-1, placing him among the tour's top 30 money-winners for the year and thereby qualifying him for the season-ending The Tour Championship. Woods was named the PGA Tour's Rookie of the Year. • • Although unable to win a major championship, Colin Montgomerie tops both the World Money List and the World ranking points list for 1996. Greg Norman however narrowly remains the official world number one as the system takes into account points earned over a 24-month period. • • Men's Golf • • Major championship results: • April - The Masters - Nick Faldo • June - U.S. Open - Steve Jones • July - The Open Championship - Tom Lehman • August - PGA Championship - Mark Brooks • PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Tom Lehman $1,780,159 • Senior PGA Tour leading money winner: Jim Colbert - $1,627,890

• • • • •

Women's Golf

U.S. Women's Open - Annika Sörenstam LPGA Championship - Laura Davies Karrie Webb is the leading money winner on the LPGA tour with earnings of $1,002,000 becoming the first ever woman to earn more than a million dollars in one golf season. • 1997 • • In his first major championship as a professional, Tiger Woods becomes the youngest-ever Masters Champion at 21 years 3 months, while setting a 72-hole scoring record of 270 (18 under par), and winning by a record margin (12 shots). Woods wins three other tournaments in 1997 to top the U.S. Money list in what is effectively his rookie season. Even though Woods becomes the first player to earn more than $2m in a season, however, his earnings are surpassed by the leading player on the Senior PGA Tour, Hale Irwin, who wins 9 times. • • Ernie Els wins a second U.S. Open, once again defeating Colin Montgomerie in a close finish. Tom Lehman, once again, led after three rounds, but again was unable to win the title. • • 25-year-old Justin Leonard made up a 5-shot final-round deficit with a 65 to win his first major championship, the British Open, by two shots from Jesper Parnevik and Darren Clarke. A month later, Leonard finished runner-up to Davis Love III at the PGA Championship. • • Men's Golf • • Major championship results: • April - The Masters - Tiger Woods • June - U.S. Open - Ernie Els • July - The Open Championship - Justin Leonard

• August - PGA Championship - Davis Love III • PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Tiger Woods $2,066,833 • Senior PGA Tour leading money winner: Hale Irwin - $2,343,364 • Ryder Cup: Europe won 14 1/2-13 1/2 over the United States in world team golf. • Women's Golf • • U.S. Women's Open - Alison Nicholas • LPGA Championship - Christa Johnson • Annika Sörenstam: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $1,236,789. • 1998 • • At the age of 41, Mark O'Meara wins his first major championship, the Masters, becoming one of the few champions in history to birdie the last hole to win. Runner-up is 26-year-old David Duval who would win four times on the regular tour to lead the money list, as Tiger Woods - after his meteoric first season - wins just once. In July, O'Meara wins a second major title - this time the British Open, after a playoff with Brian Watts, an American golfer whose career had mostly been played on the Japan Golf Tour. Watts is forced to play a bunker shot at the 72nd hole with only one foot in the sand, needing a par to force the playoff, and very nearly holes the shot. The British Open is also notable for the remarkable tournament enjoyed by 18-year-old amateur Justin Rose, who finishes fourth after being in touch with the lead throughout the final round. • • Lee Janzen wins a second U.S. Open title, and as in 1993, Payne Stewart finishes runner-up. Stewart's 20-foot putt to tie at the last rolls across the lip but does not drop. • • Fijian Vijay Singh, a regular winner on both the European and U.S. Tours since the early 1990s, wins the PGA Championship. With a

round to play, both player of the season Mark O'Meara and 1997's sensation Tiger Woods are within five shots of the lead, but Singh holds on for victory. • • • • • • • • •

Men's Golf

Major championship results: April - The Masters - Mark O'Meara June - U.S. Open - Lee Janzen July - The Open Championship - Mark O'Meara August - PGA Championship - Vijay Singh PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: David Duval $2,591,031 • Senior PGA Tour leading money winner: Hale Irwin - $2,861,945 • Women's Golf • • U.S. Women's Open: Se Ri Pak • LPGA Championship: Se Ri Pak • Annika Sörenstam: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $1,092,748 • 1999 • • After several years suffering from a recurring foot injury that at times left him unable to walk, José María Olazábal wins a second U.S. Masters crown. Greg Norman is yet again left trailing in the victor's wake, finishing third. • • Payne Stewart wins his second U.S. Open, and third major title in all, by a shot from Phil Mickelson. In October, Stewart would be among the victims of a tragic air accident, caused by a sudden loss of cabin pressure in their Learjet. • • In one of the most extraordinary and ultimately farcical major championships in history, unknown local player Paul Lawrie wins the British Open championship at Carnoustie, after similarly

unknown French player Jean Van de Velde contrives to take a seven at the par-four final hole, when six would have won the title. The error is caused initially by a wildly pushed second shot that ricochets off the grandstand and into thick rough, from where Van de Velde chops his third shot into a burn in front of the green. Van de Velde drops back into a playoff with Lawrie and Justin Leonard, who had also previously found the burn at the 72nd hole in an attempt to put pressure on Van de Velde.

• • 23-year-old Tiger Woods wins his second major title, the PGA Championship, by a shot from 19-year-old Spaniard Sergio García. Despite losing, García hits the most memorable shot of the tournament, a brilliant deliberate slice from the roots of a tree that finds the green in the final round. • • David Duval wins four events on the U.S. Tour before the Masters, including the Tournament Players' Championship, and briefly becomes number one in the World rankings. He finishes the year second on the ranking list behind Woods. • • The United States regain the Ryder Cup in a controversial end to the singles matches at Brookline. As Justin Leonard holes a lengthy putt in his crucial match with José María Olazábal, several U.S. players and their wives dash across the green to congratulate him, some of them across Olazábal's line, neglecting to respect the fact that the Spaniard still had a putt to win. Olazábalmised his putt, but the Europeans were aggrieved at what they perceived as lack of sporting behaviour. • • The World Golf Championships, which bring together the leading players in the World Rankings for four events each season (one at match play, two at stroke play, and one - the revamped World Cup - a two-man team event), are inaugurated. The first event, the 64man WGC-Andersen Consulting Match Play Championship,

• • • • • • • • •

provides a surprise champion in Jeff Maggert; Tiger Woods wins the following two. Men's Golf

Major championship results: April - The Masters - José María Olazábal June - U.S. Open - Payne Stewart July - The Open Championship - Paul Lawrie August - PGA Championship - Tiger Woods PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Tiger Woods $6,616,585 • Senior PGA Tour leading money winner: Bruce Fleisher $2,515,705 • Ryder Cup: United States won 14 1/2 to 13 1/2 over Europe in world team golf. • Women's Golf • • U.S. Women's Open - Juli Inkster • LPGA Championship - Juli Inkster • Karrie Webb: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $1,591,959

[edit] 2000 Men's Golf Tiger Woods recorded arguably the most dominant season in history by any player. He won 11 of the 25 events he entered worldwide, including three major championships, breaking all-time scoring records at each. His season-long scoring average was 68.11, breaking an all-time record most thought would never be beaten, set by Byron Nelson in 1945 (68.33). It was calculated that his lead in the (24-month) world rankings at the end of 2000 was so great that he could take 2001 off altogether, and still be world number one at the end of that year. • Major championship results:

• • • • • • •

• April - The Masters - Vijay Singh won his second major title in six events, playing steady golf to hold off the challenges of Ernie Els and David Duval. • June - US Open - Tiger Woods broke almost every record associated with the U.S. Open. His score of 12 under par was the best in relation to par ever recorded at the US Open, and his victory margin of 15 strokes was the largest ever in any major. His score of 272 also equaled the 72-hole stroke record for the event. • July - The Open Championship - Tiger Woods scored 19 under par, the best in relation to par ever recorded at The Open, and at any men's major championship. His victory means he becomes only the sixth player ever to win the U.S. and British Opens in the same year, following Bobby Jones, Gene Sarazen, Ben Hogan, Lee Trevino and Tom Watson. Ernie Els finishes a distant second - his third runner-up finish in a major of the season, although Els has taken 23 more shots than Woods at the two Opens. • August - PGA Championship - Tiger Woods won in a threehole playoff against Bob May. Both finished regulation at 18 under par, the best score in relation to par ever recorded at the PGA Championship. PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Tiger Woods $9,188,321 Champions Tour leading money winner: Larry Nelson - $2,708,005 Women's Golf US Women's Open: Karrie Webb LPGA Championship: Juli Inkster Karrie Webb: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $1,876,853.

[edit] 2001

Men's Golf

Tiger Woods completes what becomes known as the "Tiger Slam", holding off David Duval and Phil Mickelson to win the Masters Championship in April to become the first golfer in history to hold, concurrently, all four professional major championships. For good measure, Woods had won the game's fifth most important event, the Tournament Players' Championship as well, in March. By the end of the year, however, Woods would have relinquished three of his titles, on each occasion to players winning their first major title. At the U.S. Open, South African Retief Goosen finally emerged triumphant from a playoff with Mark Brooks, after three-putting from 12 feet on the 72nd hole the previous day knowing that he had two putts for victory. Playing partner Stewart Cink also missed an 18-inch putt of his own at the last hole that, as events turned out, would have allowed him to join the playoff. The Open Championship is won by David Duval, whose third round of 65 turns the final day into something of a victory progression. Unknown Swedish player Niclas Fasth finishes second, playing his way into Europe's Ryder Cup side ahead of Ian Woosnam, who incurs a two-shot penalty after his caddie realises he is carrying 15 clubs. Then in August, the PGA Championship goes to David Toms as Phil Mickelson again finished runner-up in a major championship. Toms' 72-hole total of 265 is the best ever recorded in a major championship (though not the best in relation to par, even at the PGA Championship). Following the terrible events of 9/11, the Ryder Cup is postponed for twelve months, and it is agreed that the event would continue to be played in even years from that point forward. The terrorist attacks force several leading American players to revise plans to compete in the World Matchplay Championship in England in October. 43-year-old former champion Ian Woosnam, who had suffered such an unusual fate at the Open, is brought in as a replacement, and beats Goosen, Colin Montgomerie and Pádraig Harrington to win the event for a third time. • PGA Tour leading money winner for the year: Tiger Woods $5,687,777 • Champions Tour leading money winner: Allen Doyle - $2,553,582 • Ryder Cup postponed until 2002

Women's Golf • Kraft Nabisco Championship - Annika Sörenstam • US Women's Open - Karrie Webb • LPGA Championship - Karrie Webb • Women's British Open - Se Ri Pak • Annika Sörenstam: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $2,105,868

[edit] 2002 Men's Golf Tiger Woods enjoys another supremely dominant season. He wins both the The Masters and the US Open by three shots (from Retief Goosen and Phil Mickelson, respectively), becoming only the fifth player in history to win both in the same season. His opportunity for a single-season Grand Slam, however, is literally blown away on Saturday at the The Open Championship, as the worst of the Muirfield weather closes in and Woods hits 81. Colin Montgomerie, who had shot 64 the previous day, shoots 84 in similar conditions. Ernie Els plays brilliantly given the conditions to record a 72, and wins after a 4-man playoff, the first in major championship history, involving Steve Elkington, Stuart Appleby and Frenchman Thomas Levet. Woods then surprisingly misses out at the PGA Championship, when unheralded Rich Beem does enough to hold on to a one-shot lead over Tiger over the closing holes, after Justin Leonard loses his third-round lead. • Tiger Woods is the PGA Tour's leading money winner for the year with earnings of $6,912,625 in 18 events. • Hale Irwin is the leading money winner on the Champions Tour with earnings of $$3,028,304 in 27 events. • At The Belfry golf course near Sutton Coldfield, England, the European team defeats the United States team 15.5-12.5 to win the Ryder Cup. Women's Golf • Kraft Nabisco Championship - Annika Sörenstam

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US Women's Open - Juli Inkster LPGA Championship - Se Ri Pak Women's British Open - Karrie Webb Annika Sörenstam: leading money winner on the LPGA tour, earning $2,863,904

[edit] 2003 Men's Golf • Major Championship results: • April 10-13 - The Masters - Mike Weir becomes the first Canadian to win a major, and the first left-handed golfer to win The Masters. He defeats Len Mattiace on the first playoff hole. • June 12-15 - US Open - Jim Furyk wins his first major by 3 shots at Olympia Fields, in what he makes a comfortable victory. Furyk equals the U.S. Open record of 272, although this represents eight under par (not twelve under, as it was when Tiger Woods posted the same score in 2000). • July 17-20- The Open Championship - Ben Curtis, an unknown 26-year-old who had only qualified for the event by virtue of a top-ten finish at the previous month's Western Open, shocks the world, finishing a single shot ahead of Thomas Bjørn and Vijay Singh at Royal St George's. His victory comes after Bjorn twice failed to escape from a bunker next to the 16th green in the final round. Curtis's win is his first ever as a professional. • August 14-17 - PGA Championship - Shaun Micheel, another virtual unknown although a tour player for several seasons, emulates Curtis by making his first professional victory a major championship. He wins by 2 shots from Chad Campbell at the tough Oak Hill Country Club. These results meant that for the first time since 1969, all four majors were won by golfers who had never before won a major title. • Other highlights

• March 2 - Tiger Woods wins the Accenture Match Play Championships, defeating David Toms 2 and 1. • April 20 - Davis Love III chips in on the 72nd hole to force a playoff, which he wins, giving him his fifth victory at the MCI Heritage at Harbour Town. • May 22 - At the Bank of America Colonial golf tournament, LPGA champion Annika Sörenstam became the first woman in 58 years to compete in a men's professional golf tournament. • June 1 - Kenny Perry wins for the second straight week, this time at The Memorial, held at Muirfield Village Golf Club. • July 6 - Tiger Woods wins the 100th Western Open at Cog Hill. • Vijay Singh is the PGA Tour's leading money winner for the year, with earnings of $7,349,907 in 27 events. • Tom Watson is the leading money winner on the Champions Tour, with earnings of $1,853,108 in 14 events. • Presidents Cup - For the first time ever, the Cup is shared between the United States and International teams. The result comes after a playoff - between each team's leading player Tiger Woods and Ernie Els - has to be abandoned due to bad light. Women's Golf • Major results • Kraft Nabisco Championship - Patricia Meunier-Lebouc • US Women's Open - Hilary Lunke wins an 18-hole playoff over Angela Stanford and Kelly Robbins. • LPGA Championship - Annika Sörenstam • Women's British Open - Annika Sörenstam • Annika Sörenstam was the leading money winner on the LPGA tour, with earnings of $2,029,506. • Michelle Wie, then 13 years old, becomes the youngest person ever to win a USGA event for adults by winning the U.S. Women's Amateur Public Links.

[edit] 2004 • January 15-16 - At the age of 14, golf prodigy Michelle Wie becomes the youngest woman (and only the fourth overall) to play at a PGA Tour event, shooting 72-68 (even par) at the Sony Open at Waialae Country Club in her hometown of Honolulu. She missed the cut by one stroke. • February 29 - Annika Sörenstam wins her third ANZ Ladies Masters. • March 28 - Grace Park wins the first major of the LPGA season, the Kraft Nabisco Championship, by one shot over 17-year-old Aree Song. Michelle Wie finished fourth, four shots behind Park. • April 11 - Phil Mickelson wins The Masters, the first major of his career. Mickelson birdies the final hole to defeat Ernie Els by a single shot. • June 13 - Annika Sörenstam successfully defends her title in the second major of the LPGA season, the LPGA Championship. • June 20 - Retief Goosen captures a second U.S.Open victory, after Phil Mickelson falters over the closing holes at Shinnecock Hills chasing a second successive major. • July 18 - Todd Hamilton wins The Open at Royal Troon, surprising many by beating Ernie Els in a playoff for the title, from a final-day leaderboard that also included recent major champions Mickelson, Goosen, Woods, and Mike Weir. • August 15 - Vijay Singh wins the PGA Championship at Whistling Straits in a three-hole playoff with Chris DiMarco and Justin Leonard. Phil Mickelson finishes among the top ten for the fourth time in a major in 2004. • September 6 - Vijay Singh replaces Tiger Woods at the top of the world rankings, ending Woods' reign of five years and four weeks. Singh, at the age of 41, enjoys his most successful season, winning nine times on the U.S.Tour. • September 17-19 - Team Europe defeats Team USA 18½–9½ to retain the Ryder Cup. See 2004 Ryder Cup for more details.

[edit] 2005 For fuller coverage see 2005 in golf. Major championships • 7-10 April: The Masters - Tiger Woods defeated fellow American Chris DiMarco at the first playoff hole to claim his 4th Masters title, and his 9th major. DiMarco becomes only the second player (after Tom Watson) to lose playoffs in consecutive major championships. • 16-19 June: U.S. Open - Michael Campbell came from behind in the fourth round to win his first major with an even par score. He was the first New Zealander to win a major since Bob Charles won the British Open in 1963. • 14-17 July: The Open Championship - Tiger Woods leads wire-towire at the historic Old Course at St Andrews and wins his second Open Championship, and 10th major, by 5 strokes. Woods becomes only the second golfer, after Jack Nicklaus, to win each major more than once. • 11-15 August: PGA Championship - Phil Mickelson wins his second major championship, scoring a birdie on the final hole to win the tournament by one stroke (-4, 276) over Thomas Bjørn and Steve Elkington on the lower course of the Baltusrol Golf Club in New Jersey. The tournament concluded Monday after a rain delay on Sunday. Women's majors • March: Kraft Nabisco Championship - Annika Sörenstam won her eighth major. • June: LPGA Championship - Annika Sörenstam cruised to a three shot win to claim her second major of the year and ninth of her career. Fifteen-year-old Michelle Wie was runner-up. • June: U.S. Women's Open - Birdie Kim holes a 30-yard sand shot on the 72nd hole to set the stage for a two-shot win over teenage amateurs Morgan Pressel and Brittany Lang. This was the first LPGA win for the previously little-known Korean.

• July: Women's British Open - Another little-known Korean, Jeong Jang, wins her first LPGA tournament. Money list/order of merit winners • PGA Tour - Tiger Woods: $10,628,024 final money list • European Tour - Colin Montgomerie: €2,794,222.84 final order of merit • LPGA Tour - Annika Sörenstam: $2,588, money list • Champions Tour - Dana Quigley: $2,170,258 final money lis • Men's professional golf • Major championships • • 6-9 April: The Masters - Winner: Phil Mickelson • The Augusta National course was lengthened to 7,445 yards for the tournament, generating some advance controversy. For the first time since 1954 neither Jack Nicklaus nor Arnold Palmer played. Vijay Singh shot 67 to take the first round lead, but on Day 2 Chad Campbell moved to six under and a three shot lead. Due to bad weather the third round wasn't completed until Sunday. After 54 holes Phil Mickelson led by one at 4 under and fifteen players were within four shots of the lead, including the top five in the world rankings (in ranking order Tiger Woods, Vijay Singh, Retief Goosen, Mickelson and Ernie Els). On Sunday Phil Mickelson led for much of the day and finished two ahead of South African Tim Clark. It was Mickelson's third major championship, his second Masters title in three years and his second consecutive major victory as he also won the 2005 PGA Championship. • Wikinews has related news: • Geoff Oglivy wins U.S. Open15-18 June: U.S. Open - Winner: Geoff Ogilvy • 15-year-old Tadd Fujikawa of Hawaii became the youngest qualifier in US Open history.[1] Qualifier Madalitso Muthiya was the first Zambian to play in the U.S. Open. The tournament was played at Winged Foot for the first time since 1984. Scottish veteran Colin Montgomerie was the only man to shoot under par in round 1. After 36 holes Steve Stricker was one shot ahead of the

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field and the only man under par. Tiger Woods missed the first cut in a major of his professional career after posting a 12 over par total. Phil Mickelson shared the third round lead with the 27-yearold Englishman Kenneth Ferrie, who was playing in his first U.S. Open. Mickelson led by one shot after 71 holes, but was unable to put it away on number 72. His errant driving, which had troubled him all round, climaxed in a very poor tee shot that was almost out-of-bounds. This was followed by several bad shot selections, leading to a double bogey 6, and a second place finish to winner Geoff Ogilvy. First round leader Colin Montgomerie agonizingly finished T2 when he, needing only a par at hole number 72 to win, double bogeyed. This was Montgomerie's fifth second place finish in a major championshiop and his third at the U.S. Open. 20-23 July: The Open Championship - Winner: Tiger Woods The Open returned to Hoylake for the first time since 1967. Marius Thorp of Norway won the Silver Medal as leading amateur. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell took a one shot lead on the first day. On Day 2, Tiger Woods moved into the lead early in the day and remained at the top of the leaderboard at the close, one shot ahead of Ernie Els. During the third round the top of the field bunched up, with several leading players moving into contention, but Woods regained a one stroke lead at the end of the day, over Chris DiMarco, Sergio García, and Ernie Els. Woods shot a 67 in the final round to win by two shots over DiMarco at 270, 18-under par, only one shot short of his own to-par record for all majors. It was his third Open Championship, eleventh major, and he became the first man to pass $60 million in PGA Tour career earnings. 17-20 August: PGA Championship - Winner: Tiger Woods The tournament was played at Medinah Country Club near Chicago, which had been extended to 7,561 yards, making it the longest course in major championship history. The event was closely contested for three rounds, with a ten-way tie at one point early in round 3, but Tiger Woods pulled clear on the fourth day to win by five shots over Shaun Micheel. It was Woods' third PGA Championship win and his twelfth major championship title.

Woods also became the first player ever to win the PGA twice on the same course, and the first in the era of the modern Grand Slam to win two major championships in each of two successive years. • World Golf Championships (individual events) • • 22-26 February: WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship Australian World Number 53 Geoff Ogilvy defeated Davis Love III 3 and 2. • 24-27 August: WGC-Bridgestone Invitational - Tiger Woods beat Stewart Cink on the fourth hole of a sudden death playoff. • 28 September - 1 October: WGC-American Express Championship - Tiger Woods cruised to an 8 stroke victory to win his sixth straight strokeplay tournament and claim this championship for the fifth time in its seven stagings. • Other leading PGA Tour events • • 23-26 March: The Players Championship - Stephen Ames of Trinidad & Tobago / Canada won by a record-equaling six stroke margin over World Number 3 Retief Goosen, becoming the second-oldest champion in Championship history (tying Hal Sutton). Ames and Sutton share the same birthday, April 28. • 2-5 November: The Tour Championship - 26 year-old Adam Scott won this event for the first time in his career. • For a complete list of PGA Tour results see 2006 PGA Tour. • • Other leading European Tour events • • 25-28 May: BMW Championship - Englishman David Howell won by five shots and moved into the top ten in the World Rankings for the first time. • 14-17 September: HSBC World Match Play Championship Englishman Paul Casey beat American Shaun Micheel by 10 and 8 in the most one sided final in the history of the tournament. • 26-29 October: Volvo Masters - Jeev Milkha Singh becomes first Indian winner but attention is focused on Padraig Harrington

leapfrogging Paul Casey to win the Order of Merit, thanks to a missed putt on the final hole by Sergio García elevating Harrington to a tie for second place. • For a complete list of European Tour results see 2006 European Tour. • • Tour money list / order of merit winners • • PGA Tour - Tiger Woods topped the money list with winnings of $9,941,563, despite playing only 15 events due to the death of his father mid-year. This was his seventh money list victory, putting him one behind Jack Nicklaus's record. Final money list • European Tour - Padraig Harrington topped the Order of Merit for the first time, with earnings of €2,489,337 Final Order of Merit • Japan Golf Tour - Shingo Katayama topped the money list for the third consecutive year with earnings of 178,402,190 Yen. Final money list • Asian Tour - Jeev Milkha Singh topped the Order of Merit for the first time with earnings of $591,884 Final order of merit • PGA Tour of Australasia - Nick O'Hern topped the Order of Merit for the first time, with earnings of AUS$583,820 Final order of merit • Sunshine Tour - Charl Schwartzel of South Africa topped the 200506 Order of Merit with earnings of 1,207,459.70 South African Rand, and led the rankings for a third consecutive season in 200607 with earnings of 1,585,117.41 Rand. Final 2006-07 Order of Merit. • Awards • • PGA Tour • Player of the Year (Jack Nicklaus Trophy) - Tiger Woods won for a record eighth time in ten full seasons on the PGA Tour • Money winner (Arnold Palmer Award) - Tiger Woods won for the seventh time

• Vardon Trophy - Jim Furyk won for the first time with an adjusted scoring average of 68.86 • Byron Nelson Award - Tiger Woods won for a record seventh time with an adjusted scoring average of 68.11 • Rookie of the year - Trevor Immelman won the Western Open • Comeback Player of the Year - Steve Stricker posted seven top-10 finishes • Champions Tour • Player of the Year - Jay Haas also topped the senior money list • Rookie of the Year - Eduardo Romero • Comeback Player of the Year - Tim Simpson • Nationwide Tour • Player of the Year - Ken Duke • European Tour • Player of the Year - Paul Casey • Rookie of the Year - Marc Warren • Team events • • 22-24 September: Ryder Cup - the Ryder Cup was played in Ireland for the first time. Europe were in the lead from the first set of matches. The Europeans went into the last day with a 10-6 lead and extended it to 18½ to 9½ in the singles, matching their best ever result in 2004. This was the first time Europe had won the matches three times in a row. • 7-10 December: WGC-World Cup - The event was held in Barbados for the first time, and Germany, represented by Bernhard Langer and Marcel Siem, beat Scotland in a play-off to win the tournament for the second time. • Other happenings • • January 11: The PGA Tour announces new six-year network deals with CBS and NBC to commence in 2007, and a fifteen year deal with the Golf Channel. [1]

• 26 May: Frenchman Adrien Mörk shot the first 59 in the history of any of the PGA European Tour's three tours in the second round of the Challenge Tour's Moroccan Classic. [2] • 28 June: The PGA Tour announces further details of the FedEx Cup playoff system to be introduced in 2007, including confirmation that there will be a US$35 million dollar bonus prize fund, with US$10 million going to the winner.[2] • 29 October: Jeev Milkha Singh (Volvo Masters) and KJ Choi (Chrysler Championship) became the first pair of Asian players to win on the PGA Tour and the European Tour in the same weekend.[3] • • [edit] Women's professional golf • LPGA majors • • 30 March - 2 April: Kraft Nabisco Championship: Australia's Karrie Webb defeated 18, 36 and 54 hole leader Lorena Ochoa in a playoff to claim her seventh major championship. Ochoa shot a 62 in the first round, setting a tournament record and equalling the record low score in an LPGA major. • 8-11 June: LPGA Championship - Se Ri Pak defeated Karrie Webb in a playoff to claim her third LPGA Championship and fifth major title. Nicole Castrale shot a 64 in the first round to set a tournament record. • 29 June - 2 July: U.S. Women's Open - The tournament was played at Newport Country Club. The prize fund was US$3.1 million, a record for a women's golf tournament, with $560,000 going to the winner. The first day's play was cancelled due to fog and 36 holes were played on the Sunday. Annika Sörenstam and Pat Hurst tied on level par after 72 holes. Sörenstam won an eighteen hole Monday playoff to claim her tenth major championship and third U.S. Open. • 3-6 August: Weetabix Women's British Open - The tournament was played at Royal Lytham & St. Annes for the third time in its history. American Sherri Steinhauer took the lead after a third

round 66 and held the lead in the final round for a three-stroke win over runners-up Cristie Kerr and Sophie Gustafson. It was Steinhauer's third British Open win, but her first since the tournament became a major in 2001. • Ladies European Tour major (in addition to the Women's British Open) • • 26-29 July: Evian Masters - Karrie Webb continued her return to form by winning the second richest event in women's golf. • For a complete list of Ladies European Tour results see 2006 Ladies European Tour. • • Additional LPGA Tour events • • 6-9 July: HSBC Women's World Match Play Championship - 20year-old American Brittany Lincicome beat veteran Juli Inkster 3 & 2 to claim her first LPGA Tour title. • 16-19 November: LPGA Playoffs at The ADT - Julieta Granada from Paraguay claimed her first tour victory and the first US$1 million prize in women's golf. • For a complete list of LPGA Tour results see 2006 LPGA Tour. • • Money list winners • • LPGA Tour - 25 year old Lorena Ochoa became the first Mexican to top the money list with earnings of $2,592,872. Current money list • Ladies European Tour - Laura Davies of England topped the money list of the seventh time in her career with earnings of €471,727.42. Final money list. • Team events • • 20-22 January: Women's World Cup of Golf - Sweden's Annika Sörenstam and Liselotte Neumann claimed the trophy in its second year.

• 15-17 December: 2006 Lexus Cup - Asia captained by Korea's Grace Park defeated the International team captained by Sweden's Annika Sörenstam 12.5 to 11.5. • Other happenings • • 21 February: the first official Women's World Golf Rankings were published. Annika Sörenstam was ranked number 1. • 4-7 May: Michelle Wie made the cut at the SK Telecom Open on the Asian Tour. This was the highest ranking men's tour on which a woman has made a cut since Babe Zaharias did so on the PGA Tour in 1945. • 15-18 June: The first ever Futures Tour major event was played, the Michelob ULTRA Duramed FUTURES Players Championship. Canadian Salimah Mussani won with a 16-under par 272. • 14 September: Annika Sörenstam became the first woman to pass $20 million in LPGA Tour career earnings.[4] • 12 November: With her victory at The Mitchell Company Tournament of Champions, Lorena Ochoa claimed the LPGA Rolex Player of the Year award. • • [edit] Senior men's professional golf • Senior majors • • 25-28 May: Senior PGA Championship - Jay Haas won a playoff against Brad Bryant to claim his first senior major. • 6-9 July: U.S. Senior Open - Defending champion Allen Doyle finished two shots ahead of Tom Watson. It was Doyle's fourth senior major and he was the oldest U.S. Senior Open Champion at 57 years, 351 days.[5] • 13-16 July: Senior Players Championship - Bobby Wadkins won his first senior major • 27-30 July: Senior British Open - Loren Roberts defeated Eduardo Romero at the first hole of a playoff to claim his first senior major.

• 24-27 August: The Tradition - Argentinian Eduardo Romero defeated Lonnie Nielsen in a playoff for his first Champions Tour title. • For a complete list of Champions Tour results see 2006 Champions Tour. • For a complete list of European Seniors Tour results see 2006 European Seniors Tour. • • Money list winners • • Champions Tour - Jay Haas topped the money list for the first time with earnings of US$2,420,227 - Final money list • European Seniors Tour - Sam Torrance topped the Order of Merit for the second consecutive year with earnings of €347,525 Final Order of Merit list • • [edit] Amateur golf • May 31 - June 3: NCAA Division I Men's Golf Championships Oklahoma State won the team event and Jonathan Moore of Oklahoma State was the leading individual • 19-24 June: The Amateur Championship was won by 20-year-old Frenchman Julien Guerrier. • 29-30 July: Curtis Cup - the USA defeated Great Britain & Ireland by 11.5 points to 6.5 points. • 7-13 August: U.S. Women's Amateur Championship - 14-year-old American Kimberly Kim of Hawaii became the youngest winner in the history of the event. • 23-27 August: U.S. Amateur Championship - Richie Ramsay became the first Scottish winner since Findlay Douglas in 1898 and the first British winner since Harold Hilton in 1911. • 18-21 October: Espirito Santo Trophy (Women's Amateur World Team Championship) - South Africa won the tournament for the first time. They were the first home winners since 1980.[6] • 26-29 October: Eisenhower Trophy (Men's Amateur World Team Championship) - the Netherlands won for the first time.

• • [edit] Table of results • This table summarises all the results referred to above in date order. • • Dates Tournament Status or tour Winner • 20 January-22 January Women's World Cup of Golf Professional world team championship Sweden • 22 February-26 February WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship World Golf Championships Geoff Ogilvy • 23 March-26 March The Players Championship PGA Tour Stephen Ames • 30 March - 2 April Kraft Nabisco Championship LPGA major Karrie Webb • 6 April-9 April The Masters Men's major Phil Mickelson • 25 May-28 May BMW Championship European Tour David Howell • 25 May-28 May Senior PGA Championship Senior major Jay Haas • 31 May-3 June NCAA Division I Men's Golf Championships U.S. college championship Oklahoma State / Jonathan Moore • 8 June-11 June LPGA Championship LPGA major Se Ri Pak • 15 June-18 June U.S. Open Men's major Geoff Ogilvy • 19 June-24 June The Amateur Championship Amateur men's individual tournament Julien Guerrier • 29 June - 2 July U.S. Women's Open LPGA major Annika Sörenstam • 6 July-9 July HSBC Women's World Match Play Championship LPGA Tour Brittany Lincicome • 6 July-9 July U.S. Senior Open Senior major Allen Doyle • 13 July-16 July Senior Players Championship Senior major Bobby Wadkins • 20 July-23 July The Open Championship Men's major Tiger Woods • 26 July-29 July Evian Masters Ladies European Tour major and LPGA Tour regular event Karrie Webb

• 27 July-30 July Senior British Open Senior major Loren Roberts • • 29 July-30 July Curtis Cup GB & Ireland v United States - women's amateur United States • 3 August-6 August Women's British Open LPGA and Ladies European Tour major Sherri Steinhauer • 7 August-13 August U.S. Women's Amateur Championship Amateur women's individual tournament Kimberly Kim • 17 August-20 August PGA Championship Men's major Tiger Woods • 14 August-27 August WGC-Bridgestone Invitational World Golf Championships Tiger Woods • 23 August-27 August U.S. Amateur Championship Amateur men's individual tournament Richie Ramsay • 24 August-27 August The Tradition Senior major Eduardo Romero • 14 September-17 September HSBC World Match Play Championship European Tour Paul Casey • 22 September-24 September Ryder Cup Europe v United States — men's professional Europe • 28 September - 1 October WGC-American Express Championship World Golf Championships Tiger Woods • 18 October-21 October Espirito Santo Trophy Women's world amateur team championship South Africa • 26 October-29 October Eisenhower Trophy Men's world amateur team championship Netherlands • 26 October-29 October Volvo Masters European Tour Jeev Milkha Singh • 2 November-5 November The Tour Championship PGA Tour Adam Scott • 16 November-19 November LPGA Playoffs at The ADT LPGA Tour Julieta Granada • 7 December-10 December WGC-World Cup World Golf Championships Germany • 15 December-17 December Lexus Cup Asia vs. International — women's professional Asia

• • The following biennial events will next be played in 2007: Presidents Cup; Seve Trophy; Solheim Cup; Walker Cup. • • • [edit] Miscellaneous • The first golf drive in space was made on November 22, 2006 funded by Canadian golf company Element 21 as part of the Expedition 14. • • • [edit] References • 2007 in golf • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia • Jump to: navigation, search • Contents [hide] • 1 Men's professional golf • 2 Women's professional golf • 3 Senior men's professional golf • 4 Amateur golf • 5 Other • 6 Table of results • 7 References • 8 External links • 8.1 Men's tours' official sites • 8.2 Women's tours' official sites • 8.3 Rankings • 8.4 Golf news sites • • • • [edit] Men's professional golf • Major championships •

• 5-8 April: The Masters - American Zach Johnson won his first major tournament, in a high scoring week at Augusta. • 14-17 June: U.S. Open - Ángel Cabrera became Argentina's first U.S. Open winner, claiming a victory by one stroke. • 19-22 July: The Open Championship - Pádraig Harrington became the first European major winner of the 21st century, defeating Sergio García in a playoff. • 9-12 August: PGA Championship - Tiger Woods won his fourth PGA Championship and 13th major. • World Golf Championships • • 19-25 February: WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship Swede Henrik Stenson defeated defending champion Geoff Ogilvy 2 and 1. Stenson moved up to fifth in the world rankings, the highest position ever attained by a Swedish male golfer.[1] For the first time at this event no American made the final, and Chad Campbell was the only American quarterfinalist. He finished fourth after losing the playoff match to Trevor Immelman of South Africa. • 22-25 March WGC-CA Championship - Tiger Woods won the event for the third consecutive year, and for the sixth time in his career. • 2-5 August: WGC-Bridgestone Invitational - Tiger Woods repeated his CA Championship success and won the event for the third consecutive year. • FedEx Cup playoff events • • 23-26 August: The Barclays - Steve Stricker won by two shots and took the FedEx Cup points lead. • 31 August-3 September: Deutsche Bank Championship - Phil Mickelson won by two shots and took the FedEx Cup points lead. • 6-9 September: BMW Championship - Tiger Woods won his 60th PGA Tour event by 2 strokes over Aaron Baddeley. • 13-16 September: The Tour Championship - Woods won his 61st PGA Tour event, running away with the tournament on an easier-

than-normal East Lake Golf Club in Atlanta by 8 shots over Mark Calcavecchia and Zach Johnson. Woods also won the FedEx Cup as season champion, collecting a $10 million retirement account deposit as FedEx Cup champion in addition to the $1.26 million first prize for the tournament. • Other leading PGA Tour events • • 10-13 May: The Players Championship - American Phil Mickelson won his first Players Championship with a final round 3-under-par 69. It was the 31st win of Mickelson's career. • For a complete list of PGA Tour results see PGA Tour. • • Other leading European Tour events • • 24-27 May: BMW PGA Championship - Anders Hansen from Denmark won the event after holing a 25-foot birdie putt in a sudden-death play-off against England’s Justin Rose. • 14-17 October: HSBC World Match Play Championship - South African Ernie Els defeated Ángel Cabrera by a score of 6&4 to win this tournament for the 7th time. • 1-4 November: Volvo Masters - Justin Rose won in a play-off to overtake Ernie Els for the Order of Merit. • For a complete list of European Tour results see 2007 European Tour. • • Team events • • 27-30 September: Presidents Cup - The United States defeated the International team by a score of 19½ to 14½. • 27-30 September: Seve Trophy - Great Britain and Ireland defeated Continental Europe by the score of 16½ to 11 ½. • 22-25 November: 2007 OMEGA Mission Hills World Cup Scotland's Colin Montgomerie and Marc Warren, who were runners-up in 2006, defeat Boo Weekley and Heath Slocum of the USA in the third hole of a play-off.

• Tour leaders • • PGA Tour - Tiger Woods headed the PGA Tour money list for the eighth time, and also won the inaugural FedEx Cup. Current money list leaders, Current FedEx Cup leaders • European Tour - Justin Rose won his first Order of Merit becoming the youngest winner since Ronan Rafferty in 1989. Final 2007 Order of Merit • Japan Golf Tour - Toru Taniguchi topped the money list for the second time with earnings of ¥171,744,498. Final money list • Asian Tour - Liang Wen-Chong became the first golfer from mainland China to win the Order of Merit. Current order of merit • PGA Tour of Australasia - Craig Parry won the Order of Merit for the third time, with earnings of AUS$422,004. Final order of merit • Sunshine Tour - In 2006/07 Charl Schwartzel of South Africa topped the order of merit for the third consecutive season with earnings of R1,585,117.41. The next order of merit is for the 2007 calendar year, with tournaments held from 1 January 2007 to 25 February 2007 counting in both 2006/07 and 2007. Current order of merit • Other happenings • • 4 January: The first shot of the first FedEx Cup was hit at the Mercedes-Benz Championship in Hawaii. • 12 January: Sixteen-year-old Tadd Fujikawa became the youngest player in 50 years to make the cut at a PGA Tour event after shooting rounds of 71 and 66 at the Sony Open in Hawaii. He went on to finish tied for 20th in the tournament. Fujikawa qualified for the Sony Open by shooting 67 in the Aloha Section PGA qualifying event.[2] • 1 April: 20-year-old Spaniard Pablo Martin-Benavides became the first amateur golfer to win a European Tour event, at the Estoril Open de Portugal. • 5 April: Jeev Milkha Singh was the first Indian golfer to participate in the Masters.[3]

• 20 May: 15-year-old amateur Ryo Ishikawa won the Munsingwear Open KSB Cup on the Japan Golf Tour.[4] • 15 July: Daniel Summerhays became the first amateur player to win a Nationwide Tour event at the Nationwide Children's Hospital Invitational.[5] • 30 November: Sir Bob Charles made the cut at the Michael Hill New Zealand Open at the age of 71 and became the oldest golfer to make a cut on a European Tour event. • Awards • • PGA Tour • FedEx Cup – Tiger Woods • Player of the Year (Jack Nicklaus Trophy) - Tiger Woods • Leading money winner (Arnold Palmer Award) - Tiger Woods • Vardon Trophy - Tiger Woods • Byron Nelson Award - Tiger Woods • Rookie of the year - Brandt Snedeker • Comeback Player of the Year - Steve Stricker • Champions Tour • Player of the Year - Jay Haas • Rookie of the Year - Denis Watson • Comeback Player of the Year - R. W. Eaks • Nationwide Tour • Player of the Year - Nick Flanagan • European Tour • Player of the Year - Pádraig Harrington • Rookie of the Year - Martin Kaymer • • [edit] Women's professional golf • LPGA majors • • 29 March-1 April: Kraft Nabisco Championship - American Morgan Pressel claimed a one-shot victory to win her first tournament and became the youngest ever winner of an LPGA major.

• 7-10 June: LPGA Championship - Norwegian Suzann Pettersen won the LPGA Championship, her first major championship, by one stroke over Karrie Webb. • 28 June-1 July: U.S. Women's Open - American Cristie Kerr won her first major championship and tenth LPGA Tour title. • 2-5 August: Ricoh Women's British Open - World number one Lorena Ochoa from Mexico won her first major championship. • Ladies European Tour major (in addition to the Women's British Open) • • 25-28 July: Evian Masters - American Natalie Gulbis won as a professional for the first time, beating Jeong Jang in a sudden-death playoff. • For a complete list of Ladies European Tour results see Ladies European Tour. • • Additional LPGA Tour events • • 17-22 July: HSBC Women's World Match Play Championship Seon Hwa Lee beat Ai Miyazato 2&1 for her second career victory. • 15-18 November: LPGA Playoffs at The ADT - Lorena Ochoa emerged as the winner from a 32-player field to win the $1 million prize and raise her season earnings to just under $5 million. • Team Events • • 19-21 January: Women's World Cup of Golf - Julieta Granada and Celeste Troche, representing Paraguay, won the event, held in Sun City, South Africa. • 14-16 September: The Solheim Cup - Team USA successfully defended its title, beating Europe 16 to 12 in Halmstad, Sweden, winning The Solheim Cup on foreign soil for the first time since 1996. • 7-9 December: Lexus Cup - Team Asia took a commanding lead, winning all six matches on day one and won the event for the second consecutive year over Team International, 15-9.

• For a complete list of LPGA Tour results see LPGA Tour. • • Money list leaders • • LPGA Tour - Lorena Ochoa led the list with $4,364,994, becoming the first player in LPGA history to earn more than $3 million in a season. - Current money list • Ladies European Tour - Sophie Gustafson topped the Order of Merit list with earnings of 222,081.47 euros. - Current money list • Duramed Futures Tour - Emily Bastel of the United States topped the money list with earnings of $59,779. • LPGA of Korea Tour - Ji-Yai Shin led the money list for the second consecutive year. • LPGA of Japan Tour - Momoko Ueda lead the LPGA of Japan Tour order of merit. • Ladies Asian Golf Tour - Da-Ye Na of Korea led the money list with USD$44,500 in earnings. • ALPG Tour - Karrie Webb of Australia topped the 2006/07 money list with AUS$195,000 in earnings. • Awards • • LPGA Player of the Year - Lorena Ochoa • LPGA Rookie of the Year - Angela Park • LPGA Vare Trophy - Lorena Ochoa • Other happenings • • 23 April: Lorena Ochoa took over first place in the Women's World Golf Rankings, overtaking Annika Sörenstam, who held the top position for 60 weeks, since the Rankings were introduced in February, 2006. • 29 April: Silvia Cavalleri won the Corona Championship, becoming the first Italian to win a tournament on the LPGA Tour. • 16 July: The LPGA announced that it had acquired the Duramed FUTURES Tour effective immediately. •

• [edit] Senior men's professional golf • Senior majors • • 24-27 May: Senior PGA Championship - Zimbabwean Denis Watson shot a final round 68 for his first major victory. • 5-8 July: U.S. Senior Open - American Brad Bryant shot a final round 68 to win his first major; third-round leader Tom Watson went 8-over-par in the final 8 holes, including 3 double bogeys. • 26-29 July: Senior British Open - American Tom Watson shot a final round 73 (+2) to win his fifth Senior Major and third Senior British Open. • 23-26 August: JELD-WEN Tradition - Zimbabwean/Irishman Mark McNulty shot a final round 68 for his first major victory. • 4-7 October: Senior Players Championship - American Loren Roberts shot 67-66-67-67=267 (-13) to win his third major. He was victorious by six strokes. • Full list of 2007 Champions Tour results. • Full list of 2007 European Seniors Tour results. • • Money list leaders • • Champions Tour - Jay Haas topped the money list for the second straight year with earnings of US$2,581,001 - Final money list • European Seniors Tour - Carl Mason headed the Order of Merit for the third time. Final Order of Merit list • • [edit] Amateur golf • 22-25 May: NCAA Division I Women's Golf Championships Duke University won the team championship for the third consecutive year. Stacy Lewis of the University of Arkansas won the individual title. • 30 May-2 June: NCAA Division I Men's Golf Championships Stanford won the team championship, its eighth and first since 1994. Jamie Lovemark of Southern California won the individual title.

• 18-23 June: The Amateur Championship - Drew Weaver of the United States defeated Tim Stewart of Australia, 2 & 1. • 6-12 August: U.S. Women's Amateur Championship - Maria José Uribe of Colombia defeated Amanda Blumenherst of the United States, 1 up. • 20-26 August: U.S. Amateur Championship - Colt Knost of the United States defeated fellow American Michael Thompson, 2 & 1. Knost, who won the 2007 U.S. Amateur Public Links on 14 July, became only the second man to win both the U.S. Amateur Public Links and U.S. Amateur in the same year, and only the sixth person to win two USGA individual championships in the same year. • 8-9 September: Walker Cup - The United States defeated Great Britain & Ireland 12½ to 11½. • Other happenings • • 23 January: The R&A published the first edition of the men's World Amateur Golf Ranking, which was topped by Richie Ramsay of Scotland. • • [edit] Other • 12 November: Joe Carr, Hubert Green, Charles B. Macdonald, Kel Nagle, Se Ri Pak, and Curtis Strange were inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame. • • [edit] Table of results • This table summarises all the results referred to above in date order. • • Dates Tournament Status or tour Winner • 19 Jan-21 Jan Women's World Cup of Golf Professional world team championship Paraguay • 19 Feb-25 Feb WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship World Golf Championships Henrik Stenson • 22 March-25 March WGC-CA Championship World Golf Championships Tiger Woods

• 29 March - 1 April Kraft Nabisco Championship LPGA major Morgan Pressel • 5 April-8 April The Masters Men's major Zach Johnson • 10 May-13 May The Players Championship PGA Tour Phil Mickelson • 22 May-25 May NCAA Division I Women's Golf Championships U.S. college championship Duke / Stacy Lewis • 24 May-27 May BMW PGA Championship European Tour Anders Hansen • 24 May-27 May Senior PGA Championship Senior major Denis Watson • 30 May-2 June NCAA Division I Men's Golf Championships U.S. college championship Stanford / Jamie Lovemark • 7 June-10 June LPGA Championship LPGA major Suzann Pettersen • 14 June-17 June U.S. Open Men's major Ángel Cabrera • 18 June-23 June The Amateur Championship Amateur men's individual tournament Drew Weaver • 28 June - 1 July U.S. Women's Open LPGA major Cristie Kerr • 5 July-8 July U.S. Senior Open Senior major Brad Bryant • 19 July-22 July The Open Championship Men's major Padraig Harrington • 19 July-22 July HSBC Women's World Match Play Championship LPGA Tour Seon Hwa Lee • 26 July-29 July Evian Masters Ladies European Tour major and • LPGA Tour regular event Natalie Gulbis • 26 July-29 July Senior British Open Senior major Tom Watson • 2 Aug-5 Aug WGC-Bridgestone Invitational World Golf Championships Tiger Woods • 2 Aug-5 Aug Women's British Open LPGA and Ladies European Tour major Lorena Ochoa • 6 Aug-12 Aug U.S. Women's Amateur Championship Amateur women's individual tournament Maria José Uribe • 9 Aug-12 Aug PGA Championship Men's major Tiger Woods • 16 Aug-19 Aug JELD-WEN Tradition Senior major Mark McNulty

• 20 Aug-26 Aug U.S. Amateur Championship Amateur men's individual tournament Colt Knost • 23 Aug-26 Aug The Barclays PGA Tour FedEx Cup playoff Steve Stricker • 31 Aug-3 Sep Deutsche Bank Championship PGA Tour FedEx Cup playoff Phil Mickelson • 6 Sep-9 Sep BMW Championship PGA Tour FedEx Cup playoff Tiger Woods • 8 Sep-9 Sep Walker Cup Great Britain & Ireland v United States • men's amateur team event United States • 13 Sep-16 Sep The Tour Championship PGA Tour FedEx Cup playoff Tiger Woods • 14 Sep-16 Sep Solheim Cup United States v Europe • women's professional team event United States • 27 Sep-30 Sep Presidents Cup International Team v United States • men's professional team event United States • 27 Sep-30 Sep Seve Trophy Great Britain & Ireland v Europe • men's professional team event Great Britain & Ireland • 4 Oct-7 Oct Senior Players Championship Senior major Loren Roberts • 11 Oct-14 Oct HSBC World Match Play Championship European Tour Ernie Els • 1 Nov-4 Nov Volvo Masters European Tour Justin Rose • 15 Nov-18 Nov LPGA Playoffs at The ADT LPGA Tour Lorena Ochoa • 22 Nov-25 Nov OMEGA Mission Hills World Cup Professional world team championship Scotland • 7 Dec-9 Dec Lexus Cup Asia v International Team • women's professional team event Asia • • The following biennial events will next be played in 2008: Ryder Cup, Curtis Cup, Espirito Santo Trophy. • •

Time line of the game of golf: PRE 1400: THE ORIGINS OF THE GAME Throughout recorded history, every civilization has played a game with a club and a ball. Pangea for example, as described by Roman scribes, would appear to be the father both of modern hockey and the Celtic games of Shinty and Hurling. In one form or another, the variant games of present day golf were clearly enjoyed throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. The game persisted over the centuries and the form that it took and rules that were applied varied as widely as the terrain the game was played over. In short, the game consisted of knocking a ball from one pre-designated place to another where the ball was to be struck off a predetermined object in the least number of blows. Games often extended from village to village. That this game was ousted from the towns and onto the commons land beyond is one possible solution to the question of how it all began. Whatever the exact origins, it is known that by the 15th century, "kolf" as it was known in the Netherlands and "goff" as it was referred to in England, was a pastime enjoyed by Kings and Commoners alike. It's kinship to the Great Game however, remains entirely questionable. So widespread was the game of "Gowf", as it was known in Scotland, that an Act of Parliament was passed to prevent the playing of the game on Sundays and thus preserve the skills of Archery. The citizens of Aberdeen, St. Andrews and Leith on Scotland's East Coast were the principal "gowfing" miscreants and it was no coincidence that rolling sandy links land was commonplace here. On this very terrain, a game that started with a cleek and a ball took on a form that started an evolutionary process that continues to this day. The question of how it all began may be of pressing concern to some but to the Scot, it is sufficient to know that the game was born on the links land of eastern Scotland. Here, the game has been nurtured for over five

hundred years and from here, it has been raised to the great game played and loved by millions throughout the world. 1750 - 1850: THE ROBERTSONS OF ST ANDREWS This was the period when golf as we know it today came to be. It was in this time that many of today's great golf clubs were founded and the leading players of the era started to gain renown. The great club-makers and ball-makers of the era began to emerge and the clubs produced by these skilled craftsmen were coveted to the extent that forgeries became commonplace. Top players began to regularly gather for 'meetings' when medal and match-play rounds were organized, with distinctions made for the first time between amateur and professional players. Allan Robertson, of the famous ball-making family in St Andrews, is widely credited as being the first golf professional. But before Allan, his Grandfather Peter was described as a professional golfer and although history knows little of this man, his reputation survived him and his prowess was widely acknowledged. One epic contest in 1843 was between Allan Robertson and Willie Dunn, two of the best players of that time. The challenge was held over 20 rounds (2 rounds per day over 10 days) and it was Robertson who triumphed - two rounds up with one to play. The Robertson dynasty in itself reflects the emergence of the great game. The family can be traced back to one Thomas Buddo, a ball-maker in St Andrews in 1610. His daughter married a Robertson and from this pair was bred the stock that led to Allan himself and along the line produced generations of ball-makers. At least four separate Robertson families employing over 25 hands were engaged in making balls in St Andrews during the mid 18th Century. Allan by the way, who died in 1859, became the first man to break 80 on what is now the Old Course in 1853. 1850 - 1890: THE MORRIS AND PARK ERA If golf as we know it had its birth in the dim and distant past of the 17th century and its upbringing under the Robertson family on the links of St Andrews, then its adolescence occurred abruptly between 1848 and 1852. Three highly significant events occurred in St Andrews that were to turn

the game from the parochial into the global. The first of these events was the discovery of the "gutta percha" based ball, known as the "gutty" by James Patterson in 1848. More importantly, the durability of this new ball in turn encouraged the development of iron-faced clubs and so continued the process of evolution. Then in 1852 the railway came to St Andrews and with it the progenitors of the millions who have made the pilgrimage since. Now the links was played by all and sundry throughout the year and not simply restricted to the busy spring and autumn meetings. The R&A erected it's now famous clubhouse in consequence of the railway, scores of ex-pat colonialists retired to the town and families took up residence so that their sons could attend the University, which was gradually assuming a stature comparable with Oxford and Cambridge. If the 'gutty' transformed the game, the railway certainly transformed the town of St Andrews. The third event of this period, which comes in two parts, is surely one of the most important events in the long history of the game. Every individual who has made a living out of hitting a golf ball should hold April 20th 1851 as the nativity for that was the birth date of Young Tom Morris, one of the game's greatest early exponents. Similarly, every green-keeper, designer or administrator should express some word of gratitude on the 1st of July for it was on that day in 1851 that Old Tom Morris left for Prestwick to create the first purpose built golf course on the links of Monkton parish. It was in 1860 that the first Open Championship was held at Prestwick and was contested by eight leading professionals. The first winner was Willie Park for which he received a red Morocco leather belt with silver clasps as the first prize. The Open continued to be held at Prestwick for 11 years and the Morris's dominated the early events. Old Tom had won the event four times by 1867 and Young Tom subsequently completed a quartet of wins, after which he was allowed to keep the Belt. Young Tom Morris was raised on the links of Prestwick Golf Club and it was there that he honed a game that was as revolutionary as the new iron clubs that he had purpose made by Stewart in St Andrews. Irons that were previously resorted to for a bad lie were now used for driving, lofting, jiggering and putting.

Young Tom Morris also knew his worth and he demanded and obtained a good living from the flair that he brought to the game. In this sense he was the first true modern professional golfer. There may well have been greater players since Young Tom but if there has been, few have left a greater legacy to the game. The Morris's accrued an incredible record, with Old Tom winning the Open in 1861, '62, '64 and '67, while Young Tom won in 1868, '69, '70 and 72. Across the Firth of Forth in Musselburgh another family came close to matching them when Willie Park Sr. and Jr. won the Open six times between them. Willie Sr. won the first Open in 1860 and again in '63, '66, '67 and '75. His brother Mungo Park won in 1874, while Willie Jr. won in '87 and '89. Old Tom and Willie Sr. won all but one Open (1865) prior to the emergence of Young Tom. Both were much-loved figures and were responsible for the standards of sportsmanship with which the game is synonymous today. 1890 - 1914: THE GREAT TRIUMVIRATE This era will always be remembered for the mark left on the game of golf by John Henry Taylor, Harry Vardon and James Braid. Known as the great triumvirate, they collected sixteen Open Championships between them and have left an indelible impression on the game of golf.

Harry Vardon hailed from the Channel Island of Jersey and Henry Taylor from Devon in England. The emergence of Vardon and Taylor before the end of the 19th century attests to the rapid spread and widespread play of the game. Both had already established themselves as Open Champions before James Braid joined them. The three between them collected 16 Open titles and 13 second-place finishes and almost completely excluded a host of great Scots players from the records of the game during that particular period of time. John Henry Taylor won the first of his five Open titles in 1894 at St George's in England, now Royal St George's, while Harry Vardon pipped Taylor in a play off in 1896 to land the first of a record six titles. James

Braid won his first of five Open Championships in 1901 to join Vardon and Taylor as the dominant forces of the day. Though also winning the French Open, unlike Vardon and Taylor, Braid never made the transatlantic crossing to enjoy the spoils of the newly emerged golfing scene in the USA. While Vardon won the US Open of 1900 during a tour of America where he played in approximately 80 matches and winning 70 of them, Braid's decision to remain at home was well rewarded as an exhibition match player. Braid also established himself in course design, building Gleneagles and Nairn to name but two of his many jewels. What started as a trickle of Scots golfers to the US, became commonplace by the turn of the century when anyone who could swing a club on a Scots links was able to find a lucrative niche as a professional in the US. The early US Open Champions were all Scots born players who, as teachers and mentors produced players that would come to further transform the game. One notable such player was Willie Anderson from North Berwick in Scotland, who won the US Open four times including a present day record of three in a row from 1903 to 1905. 1920 - 1939: BETWEEN THE GREAT WARS The First World War decimated Scottish golf. Every village war memorial attests to the numbers who fell in France and few clubs are without a memorial to some rising star, who played out his last match on the fields of Flanders. Some great players survived but the consequence of terror gutted their game. Those that came through unscathed were few in number, determined never to see the like again and often took the decision to play in America - golf's promised land. There was one notable exception in the mercurial George Duncan. Born near Aberdeen, George served his time as a carpenter before rejecting his trade and the offer of professional football with Aberdeen FC to become the professional at Stonehaven, before moving to the lucrative South and acclaim. He won the first post-war Open at Deal in 1920 when Sandy Herd at the age of 51 was runner-up. Duncan also played in the Ryder Cups of '27 and '29, captaining the side in 1931. Scottish golfers were sorely tried by the wave of first generation Americans that returned to

assault the Championships after the War. These players transformed the game, bringing a flair and lifestyle that induced some disquiet in the home based players. Though life in America did not suit all tastes, with the Dunne's and Willie Park Jr. among those who went and returned, there were many more that did not make the return journey. Alistair Mackenzie and Donald Ross from Dornoch were just two who left an indelible mark on America as course architects. The Smiths from Carnoustie, Ben Sayers from North Berwick, Tommy Armour from Edinburgh, the Simpsons from Elie and many others from St Andrews all left lasting impressions in the States and left Scotland bereft of its best and dearest. Jock Hutchison was the last St Andrews born player to win the Open, while Paul Lawrie was the last native Scot when he won at Carnoustie in 1999. After Jock's win, the Open was dominated by the American, Walter Hagen who won the first of his four Open titles in 1922 at St George's and followed up with victories in '24, '28 and '29. Together with his compatriots Jim Barnes (1925), Gene Sarazen (1932) and the incomparable Bobby Jones who won in 1926 and '27, this was an unprecedented period of Open Championship domination by US players. The year 1922 saw 20 years old Gene Sarazen burst onto the scene in dramatic fashion, landing both the US Open and US PGA Championship, retaining the latter the following year after a play off with Walter Hagen. Hagen bounced right back after this setback and won the next four PGA Championships from 1924 to 1927. 1923 witnessed the mercurial talent of Bobby Jones winning the first of his four US Open titles and Jones followed this with victory in the Open at Royal Lytham in 1926, retaining it at St Andrews in 1927. The Ryder Cup was held for the first time in 1927, when the United States, captained by Walter Hagen, took on and comprehensively defeated their counterparts from Great Britain & Ireland. 1946 - 1960: THE EMERGENCE OF THE WORLD GAME If the First World War decimated Scottish golf, the second came close to gutting it completely. The First War took the players - the Second War took the golf courses.

The Scottish links lands border long sandy beaches, usually in remote places of low population density. As a result, it did not take a brilliant military mind to reason that the links beaches would make for ideal disembarkation sites and the courses equally perfect places for airborne landings. The huge concrete blocks that were erected to stop the movement of tanks from the beaches can still be seen today. The hallowed fairways of the Old Course were staked with massive wooden poles to prevent aircraft landings and Turnberry made the ultimate sacrifice when it was turned into a runway. Few courses remained unscathed - golf was not only suspended for the duration of the War, it was very nearly extinguished. US golf became pre-eminent and though the Americans may not have been entirely responsible for winning the war, they did win the battle of post-war golf. One could argue that not having experienced the social and economic upheaval of Europe or the long interruption of play, they were infinitely bettered prepared for the resumption of golfing hostilities. Equally, the sheer numbers that were now playing golf in the US made pre-eminence statistically inevitable. Whatever the reason however, American golfers certainly came to the fore, following the War years. The US domination of the Open Championship itself however, did not occur after the war as it had in the pre-war era of Hagan and Jones. Skeptics argue that the Americans did not play because doing so would have resulted in loss of earnings at home but history tells a different story. Though Sam Snead won the first post-war Open at St Andrews in 1946 and Ben Hogan was victorious in his only visit to Carnoustie in 1953; every other major figure in US golf had come and gone with notably less success. English players were dominant in the immediate post-war years, with Cotton, Burton, Faulkner and Daly (Irish) all winning.

It was the Colonials however, who were to do the real damage as far as the Open was concerned. Bobby Locke from the Transvaal, a first generation South African Irishman and Peter Thomson, an Australian of solid Scots stock were about to take the golfing world by storm. These two overwhelmed golf in a period of a few years when Locke won in 1947 and '51 and Thomson in '54, '55, '56, and ‘58 and again in '65. Indeed, Thomson never finished worse than second from 1952 to 1958. Their achievements, although less impressive in the US, were nevertheless significant. Thomson beat Hogan on his home turf to take the Texas Open, while Locke was the leading money winner on the US tour. Both these players found their spiritual home on the Scottish links where their best golf was played. Locke was a near resident visitor throughout his life and Thomson now has his home in St Andrews, only a wedge away from the R&A. 1961 - TODAY: THE TRULY GLOBAL GAME OF GOLF The record books do not lie and Scottish Golf, though healthy at home, was faring ill abroad. The game had become truly global with players from Taiwan and Japan threatening for major honors. The Swedes were gathering amateur honors throughout Europe and there seemed no end to the talent emerging from Spain. American Golf had come into maturity with a vengeance in the form of Arnold Palmer. Palmer played the game as it should be played - with verve and a swashbuckling style. Palmer was of course idolized in his own country but he found real appreciation in the discerning crowds that lined the links fairways of the Open Championship. Together with Tip Anderson, his St Andrews caddie, Palmer was lord of every links he surveyed. In Palmers absence in 1964, Tip Anderson carried the bag of Tony Lema through the most testing gales on the Old Course. It was Lema's win more than any other event that put paid to the excuse that the game had changed and that the new form of golf required only an accurate lofted shot to a soft pulpy green - a shot at which the Americans were clearly adept. The leader board of the '64 Open showed that Jack Nicklaus and

plenty more US stars could play the chip-and-run under the wind as well as any that had gone before and as well as any of the home bred players. The reason for the Scottish golfing hiatus during this period may be simply statistical, as the game had grown to the extent that the numbers now playing in every developed country dwarfed the numbers playing in Scotland. There is no doubt that the game itself had changed with the new courses that were being built throughout the world. American architects led by Robert Trent Jones were building courses that were both long and difficult. Greens were soft and holding in contrast to the hard running greens of the links. The grassy fairways presented another type of problem as the ball sat up on the lush grasses and required club contact quite different to that on the tight lies of the links. Possibly of greater significance was the early adoption in the US of the 'big ball' - the 1.66inch ball that required a different strike and made for greater control. Great exponents of the game poured out of the US and the US Tour was becoming a multi-million dollar industry with even mediocre golfers, grossing millions of dollars not only through tournament play but also through commercial endorsements. Tip Anderson was still caddying at home in St Andrews when he attained celebrity status in the US without ever setting foot outside the British Isles, backing Palmer in a beer commercial. Television coverage ensured star-status for many players and the American College System, to their credit, acted as a virtual conveyor belt of talent. Following the foundation of the European Tour and the opening of the Ryder Cup to European players, sponsorship grew and European golf blossomed into a money market comparable to that of the US tour. One final ingredient was required however - a star with the charisma of a Palmer and the appeal of a Nicklaus. And so as they say, a star was born. 1979 saw a smiling young genius becoming the first Spaniard to win the Open, with Jack Nicklaus coming second in the race for the Claret Jug for a record seventh time, Seve had arrived on the world scene.

The 1980's began with Seve Ballesteros becoming the first European to win the Masters and at 23 years old, the then youngest champion. Nicklaus however, continued his remarkable career with his fifth doublemajor year, winning his fourth US Open and fifth PGA title. Seve won his second Masters title in 1983 and the following season, he collected his second Open Championship when finishing two strokes ahead of Bernhard Langer and Tom Watson, who was attempting to equal Harry Vardon's record of six Open Championship successes. Lee Trevino won his second US PGA Championship in 1984, made all the more special by the fact that only eight years previously, he was seriously injured having been struck by a lightning bolt. Germany's Bernhard Langer turned the tables on Ballesteros in 1985, beating him in the Masters and gaining revenge for his two-shot defeat in the Open the previous year. 1985 also witnessed the first European success in the Ryder Cup and two years later the US team tasted defeat again but this time on home soil. The Masters of 1986 was perhaps the most thrilling of all. A fantastic late surge from the Golden Bear saw him win his sixth Masters title at the age of 46 - his 21st major victory in an as of yet unparalleled career. The glory days of Scottish golf briefly returned in 1985 when Sandy Lyle triumphed in the Open Championship at Royal St George's and the amiable Scot added a further major title at the Masters in 1988. Though Ballesteros won his third Open with a scintillating final round of 65, domination of the world game by Nick Faldo had already begun when he won his first major title at Muirfield in 1987, shooting par on every hole in his final round. Two years later, Faldo shot an amazing closing 65 to force a Masters play off with Scott Hoch, which he duly won on the second extra hole. Faldo's best year came in 1990 when he became the only player since Nicklaus to defend his Masters title. Just a few months later, Faldo played the most devastating golf of his life in winning his second Open title at St Andrews and he duly added his third Open two years later, again at Muirfield. Greg Norman's second Open success came at Royal St George's in 1993. His two-stroke victory over Faldo prompted the late, great Gene Sarazen to comment that this was the greatest championship of all time. Major

champions have come and gone over the years, with O' Meara, Olazabal, Stewart and Lawrie among those whose names are now etched on the most prized possessions in golf. Not until 1994, did a player with the potential to match the greatness of past legends, come along. Speculation started when Tiger Woods won the US Amateur Championship, continued when he retained it the following year, grew when he became the youngest ever champion at the Masters and climaxed as he stormed to six wins out of six starts in the 1999/2000 season. Though Tiger may have a long way to go to be classed in the same league as Palmer and Nicklaus, there are not many that would bet against it.

Etiquette of Golf:

Rules of the game:

Golf Lessons:


Types of golf games:

Gambling and golf:

Golf jokes:

Score Card: Video lesson:

*Tee Marker Game: Playing in the Elements: How to stay dry, towels, rain suit, shoes socks, gloves, paper towels Wearing hats and sunblock. Staying cool. Know how to size your gloves and how they should fit. Thinner is better but feel is most important too.

Wind: High, Low, and Choke Down

Sand: Long Choke down, Clip Short Degree of angle Egg theory How to change the bounce of the ball Determine coarse verses fine, thick verses thin

Putting Methods: Cross-handed Conventional Belly Long

Perfecting your putting with practice: Inside out Crenshaw method:


Keep it Simple I suppose you'd have to say that one of the main reasons for my putting success is that I've tried to always keep my method simple. Leaning over the ball, I don't think precise or mechanical thoughts. I just stay loose, comfortable and easy. I think of the pace I want the ball to travel, then picture how far to the right or left the ball should travel around the hole. Think of it this way: the object is to see how close you can come to the hole every time. The bonus is when, and if, the ball falls. Putting is an entirely personal sort of thing and I believe it should be your own. There is really no right or wrong way to stand or set up. If you follow the sport, you know there have been many successful putters with radically different methods. I will, however, share with you some helpful guidelines: First, get comfortable and relaxed. Consistent putts stem from consistent, solid strikes on the middle of the clubface. A solid hit is something you can usually hear and feel. So don't change your stroke too often, just try to meet the ball solidly. Make sure your tempo is even--back and through. Whether that tempo is fast, slow or in between, it's important to think of the back swing and swing through the ball. Don't be so anxious to see the results-stay down through the putt. I'll let you in on a secret--seven times out of ten, the reason I hit a bad putt is that I was too eager to see what happened to the ball. It's a natural impulse. By following these few simple guidelines... and remembering that the object is to see how close you can get to the hole... you should see marked

improvement on the greens. Copyright Š 2002. All rights reserved. Revised: March 18, 2002

Keeping your back straight:

Following through:

The perfect putt:

50 balls and $10.00:

Eyes open: Eyes closed: Listen: Don’t peek!

Practice your swing:

At 20 yards: Chipping:

60-40 Weight:

Back swing denotes the distance:

Following through every time:

Eye on face, how to look at the line:

Play break:

Using the right club:

Hitting to the flattest area and not into the hill; Allowing the ball to roll like a putt into the hole: Understanding the spin on the ball, if it has a spin your chances of it going in are less:

At 20-90 yards:

Perfect Pitch: Quieting your lower body: Back swing denotes the distance: Following through: Practice your swing: changing your divot for the ball location Club ???? spin: Wedge – 60 degrees: Sand: Fairway bunkers: Choke down: Pick it: lower ???? (no sand) Checking your lip, how to make sure you have enough to get out!

Playing a smart golf game and how not to beat yourself: Allowing for a mild miss: Don’t short side yourself: Topography, grass depth and water…

Sand: Green side Bunkers: Taking out the egg: High cut draw, low cut draw: All ball position: Back low Up high Open face / stance cut at 20 degree + Using the same target lines & planes Closed Face / stance, draw-hook Using the same target lines & planes

Essential Golf Etiquette, on the course and on the path No talking from pre-shot routine until shot is complete Change Giggle ECT… Location to stand behind Not ??? on either side Either left-handed or right-handed Always across the ball & clear of ??? vision

No donuts! Splitting the difference Position


A "caddie" is one who assists the player in accordance with the Rules, which may include carrying or handling the player’s clubs during play. When one caddie is employed by more than one player, he is always deemed to be the caddie of the player whose ball is involved. And equipment carried by him is deemed to be that player’s equipment, except when the caddie acts upon specific directions of another player, in which case he is considered to be that other player’s caddie. Definition: Definitions from the Official Rules of Golf appear courtesy of the USGA.

The word Caddie derives from the French word ‘le cadet’, meaning ‘the boy’ or the youngest of the family. The word ‘cadet’ appears in English from 1610 and the word ‘caddie’ or ‘cadie’ appears shortly after that in 1634. Adopting French terms was not unusual for the Scots. The first named caddie was Andrew Dickson, who would become an Edinburgh clubmaker, who caddied for the Duke of York as a boy in 1681 in the Duke's golf match on Leith Links. (Leith was the site of some of the first attacks and injuries in golf. The first of these was 1575 when golfers were attacked and fought back successfully. Because golf balls were expensive, golfers employed ‘Forecaddies’ to stand where the ball might land and reduce the number of lost balls, as is done in tournaments today.

Interestingly enough the word "Fore!" is shouted as a warning during a golf game when it appears possible that a golf ball may hit other players or spectators. The mention of the term in an 1881 British Golf Museum indicates that the term was in use at least as early as that period. The term

means "ahead", and it is believed to come from the military "beware before", which was shouted when a battery fired behind friendly troops. Other possible origins include the term being derived from the term "fore-caddy", a caddy waiting down range from the golfer to find where the ball lands. These caddies were often warned about oncoming golf balls by a shout "fore!”

How to get the most out of your caddie: How to keep your caddie out of your way: When it’s most bothersome (gambling! Boss! Etc.)

Scorecard: How to keep your ball going in one direction. By keeping your ball going either to the left or the right of the course, you as a student can be trained to “fix it” in the field. As an example if all the balls go to the right then you can tale the left side of the course “out of play”.


Premature Ejaculation:

Over focusing: line verses distance

Putting: Don’t hit your putt short Put a dollar in the hole and leave See how many you leave

What is a sweet spot? Forged verses cast:

Lessons: Hook / Draw Slice / Cut Punch

Spin, What creates spin on the ball / down through the ball Club head verses ball Feet together Showing Impact ¼ to ¼ through show club position Hold it Pocket turn Rotation The “Check” Long Arc Shoulder Rotation verses hip turn for distance Impact zone Through swing, “under the shaft” Back swing Club layouts for alignment Hip Turn, w/in stance (shaft and ground)

Width of stance Ball under your foot Weight shift Chin up Head behind ball, lateral move ok Left arm Balance: Front to back W/in feet How balance position works from feet up; example right knee will not go outside of your foot if it is in the correct position Brick wall at impact Spot putting Pre-shot routine: Picking out a spot in front or behind the draw Line and setup Always doing it the same Practicing your routine (no military ball sticking) Hitting it high:

Knowing your trajectory Stepping on your club on cover lie Gauging if you are up or down hill Choosing you club, how to gauge which one to use How to point your club at eye level and at the target Taking the degree off or on your club, adding or subtracting your club It takes practice to be precise Lag putt Chipping with in the circle Playing a left handed game: Brick wall Your last three fingers Pinching your first finger and thumb to hold you grip

Putting a right handed game: Down your line Types of line viewing, ribbons or spotting? Practice: Right-handed ??? Left-handed??? Psyche of interaction?

Your Posture and your game: The up and down of it No steep no sweep Staying the same height Spine angle Saving your back If it’s flat, it rotates

Types of golf game: Hacky golf Marker to marker stymie Who’s closest? Knee shot Pencil shot Ball on ball shot, playing in the sand High cut, low hook, connection in the air B/B & shaft shot Rubber hose shaft Ariel antenna shaft Teaching aids: Abacus: Remembering the score has never been easier or more fun. Simply attach the Golf Abacus® to a belt loop or golf bag. Slide a bead down after each shot. Count the beads at the end of the hole and that's the score. Simple. No second-guesses.

Weighted clubs:

Develop consistency by staying on plane. Added weight increases flexibility and compels you to stay in balance. Add power and increase your range of motion. Experienced golfers know the importance of practicing their golf swing to engrain feel. They also know that using a weighted trainer adds power and increases the range of motion. The result: Increased distances...Fewer injuries...More enjoyment of the game!

Putt perfect:

Legendary golf instructor Harvey Penick has said, "Golf should be learned starting at the cup." Now golfers of any skill level can learn how to putt smoothly and accurately with this easy-to-follow, comprehensive guide, loaded with instructional photographs, informational sidebars, and valuable suggestions. Step-by-step practice drills fill the pages, along with important tips on such topics as using the proper equipment, making your putter fit your stroke, and avoiding common problems

Training grip: Preformed training grip fits onto any club in just seconds. Makes it easy for a beginner to pick up the club right the first time. Guides your hands into exact placement in seconds

Fun on the course Exploding golf ball:

A hilarious golf gag that looks like a regular golf ball, but it explodes on impact!

Streamer Golf Ball

A normal looking golf ball, but on impact brightly colored ribbon shoots out!

Ghost Golf Ball

A totally normal looking golf ball that will mysteriously vanish into a watery mist on impact.

Fake snake, enough said! How and when to unstrap someone’s golf bag!


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