About Montessori Montessori is a method of education in which students construct their knowledge within a purposefully designed environment that supports the development of executive functions (i.e., the cognitive processes needed to “get things done”) and self-regulation. Some of the more salient features of the Montessori method include the following: The Montessori class consists of children of different age levels. Montessori teachers most often interact with the students on a one-on-one basis. Small group instruction is sometimes used, with whole class instruction occurring least often. Montessori “lessons” are differentiated. Lesson selection and presentation is based on each individual student rather than on the class as a whole. Learning is self-directed, self-paced, and hands-on. Montessori teachers are less directive in their instruction than are most traditional classroom teachers. In the Montessori method, the student drives the instruction while the teacher assumes the role of observer, guide, and facilitator. The Montessori environment is carefully structured. Montessori instructional materials are specifically designed to be purposeful and selfcorrecting. The most frequently used form of student assessment is structured observation. Montessori education is a scientific method of teaching, developed by Dr. Maria Montessori in 1907, to educate children through direct control of their environment. It uses materials to stimulate a child's senses, which makes the learning experience more memorable. The Montessori education method is a progression of learning beginning with activities in practical life and the sensorial, activities that internalize independence, coordination, concentration and order (ICCO), which in turn help a child to transition to more abstract learning in Culture, Math and Language. The Montessori curriculum includes materials in Practical Life to enhance motor skills through daily functions; Sensorial to allow a child to explore his senses, and gain pre-math skills; Cultural, which includes learning about plants, animals, human anatomy, the Earth, outer space, and other cultures; Math, which helps a child understand mathematical functions in concrete form; and Language which teaches vocabulary, writing, and reading. The Montessori education method supports and encourages multi-age grouping. Older children work with younger children; giving the older children leadership skills, and encouraging the younger children to accomplish more challenging activities. Multi-age grouping also
promotes respect between older children and younger children, and reinforces knowledge of the Montessori materials.
Comprehensive List of Materials & Concepts for A Toddler Montessori Child -18 months to 3 years PRACTICAL LIFE Fine motor skills Whole Hand Grasp ___Transferring Walnuts ___Transferring Beans ___Pouring ___Sponge squeezing ___Squeezing Baster ___Lids and containers Three-finger (pincer) Grasp ___Spooning ___Scooping ___Clothespins ___Tongs ___Stringing beads ___Building with Blocks ___Puzzles with large knobs ___Puzzles with small or without knobs Circular arm movements ___Scrubbing ___Polishing Circular Wrist Motion ___Nuts and Bolts ___Rolling a mat or a rug (carpet) ___Tearing paper ___Cutting paper ___Wringing a washcloth ___Using a whisk Personal Care Grooming
___Washing hands ___Washing face ___Blowing nose ___Using napkin ___Dressing & Undressing ___Combing or Brushing hair ___Care of fingernails ___Taking off coat ___Putting on coat ___Hanging up coat ___Putting on an apron ___Potty training ___Bathroom hygiene Dressing ___Buttoning ___Snapping ___Zipping ___Hooks and Eyes ___Buckles ___Tying ___Lacing Control of Movement ___Sitting on the line ___Walking on the line ___Walking on the line with object ___Carrying a rug ___Carrying a tray ___Carrying a Bucket ___Carrying a Chair ___Carrying a Table ___Closing the door Gross Motor Skills ___Swinging ___Running ___Jumping ___Rolling a ball ___Kicking a ball ___Skipping ___Hopping on Two Feet ___Hopping on One Foot ___Marching
___Walking on Tip-Toe Care of Environment ___Sweeping the floor ___Mopping the floor ___ Cleaning Spills ___Wiping a table ___Washing a dish