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Steven Appleby Paul Beckman Ryan Buynak S. E. Cohn Kele Okereke Louise Phillips Mark Saba Janice Shapiro

108


FROM THE EDITOR

WELCOME TO ISSUE 108 OF LITRO 'ŽĚůĞƐƐŵĞƌŝĐĂŝƐƚŚĞƚŚĞŵĞŽĨƚŚŝƐŝƐƐƵĞ͕ĂŶĚĂŌĞƌƚŚĞ&ŽƵƌƚŚŽĨ :ƵůLJĮƌĞǁŽƌŬƐŚĂǀĞĚŝĞĚĚŽǁŶ͕ǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƚĞŶͲLJĞĂƌĂŶŶŝǀĞƌƐĂƌLJŽĨϵͬϭϭ ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚŝŶŐ͕ŶŽǁŝƐĂŶŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƟŶŐƟŵĞƚŽůŽŽŬĂĐƌŽƐƐƚŚĞƚůĂŶƟĐƚŽ count the blessings (and curses) of the United States. tĞ͛ǀĞŐŽƚƐƚŽƌŝĞƐďLJĂƵƚŚŽƌƐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞĂƐƚĂŶĚtĞƐƚĐŽĂƐƚƐĂŶĚ ƉŽŝŶƚƐŝŶďĞƚǁĞĞŶ͗ĨƌŽŵĂŶĂĚĂ͕ŽŶŶĞĐƟĐƵƚĂŶĚ;ŝŶĂǀĞƌLJϮϭƐƚͲ ĐĞŶƚƵƌLJƚǁŝƐƚͿďLJůŽĐWĂƌƚLJĨƌŽŶƚŵĂŶKele Okereke͕ǁŚŽůŝǀĞƐŝŶďŽƚŚ >ŽŶĚŽŶĂŶĚEĞǁzŽƌŬ͘dŚĞŶĂƌƌĂƚŽƌŽĨ<ĞůĞ͛ƐƐƚŽƌLJ,ŝƐĮƌƐƚĚĞĂĚďŽĚLJ͕ ĂƉƚůLJĞŶŽƵŐŚ͕ŝƐĂƐĞŵŝͲƐƚƌĂŶŐĞƌƚŽƚŚĞŝŐƉƉůĞ͕ŐĞƫŶŐĂďĂƉƟƐŵ ŽĨĮƌĞĂŌĞƌĂǁŝůĚŶŝŐŚƚŽƵƚʹĂŶĚƚŚĞĂůŝĞŶĂƟŽŶŚĞĨĞĞůƐŝƐĞĐŚŽĞĚ in Louise Phillips’s<ĞĞƉŝŶŐhƉ͕ĂƚĂůĞŽĨŝŵŵŝŐƌĂƟŽŶĂŶĚŝŶƚĞŐƌĂƟŽŶ ƚŽůĚŽǀĞƌϭϬϬLJĞĂƌƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŬĞLJŵŽŵĞŶƚƐŝŶŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŚŝƐƚŽƌLJ͕ĨƌŽŵ ůůŝƐ/ƐůĂŶĚƚŽK:͘ 'ŚŽƐƚƐʹŽĨŚŝƐƚŽƌLJ͕ŽĨŵĞŵŽƌLJ͕ŽĨĚƌĞĂŵƐĂŶĚĚĞƐŝƌĞƐʹĂůƐŽƉŽƉƵůĂƚĞ ƚŚŝƐŝƐƐƵĞ͕ĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƐůĂǀĞƐĨƌĞĞĚďLJƚŚĞhŶĚĞƌŐƌŽƵŶĚZĂŝůƌŽĂĚŝŶMark Saba’s sŝĞǁ͕ƚŽƚŚĞďĞƐƚĨƌŝĞŶĚǁŚŽŚĂƵŶƚƐŚĂƌĚďŝƩĞŶ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚ ĂŐĞŶƚWĞŐŝŶJanice Shapiro’s EŝŐŚƚĂŶĚĂLJ͘ǀĞŶƚŚĞƌĞĂůĞƐƚĂƚĞ ĐŽƉLJǁƌŝƚĞƌŝŶPaul Beckman’sďŝƩĞƌƐǁĞĞƚtŚĂƚĐŚĂŵĂĐĂůůŝƚ is ŚĂƵŶƚĞĚ͕ŝŶƚŚŝƐĐĂƐĞďLJƚŚĞǁŽƌĚƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞƐƚĂƌƟŶŐƚŽĞƐĐĂƉĞŚŝŵ͘ tĞ͛ǀĞŐŽƚƉŽĞƚƌLJƚŽŽ͕ĨƌŽŵRyan Buynak,ǁŚŽƐŝŶŐƐƵƐƚŚĞƵŶŚĞĂƌĚ ^ŽŶŐŽĨƚŚĞƵƐďŽLJ͞ƉůĂLJŝŶŐĮǀĞŶŝŐŚƚƐĂǁĞĞŬͬƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐƐŝdž͕ ĚĞƉĞŶĚŝŶŐͬŝĨƐŽŵĞŽŶĞŶĞĞĚƐĂƐŚŝŌĐŽǀĞƌĞĚ͟ĂŶĚŇĂƐŚĮĐƟŽŶĨƌŽŵ former pro hardball player S. E. Cohn,ǁŚŽĮƚƐŵŽƌĞƐƚŽƌLJďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ƉĂƌĞŶƚŚĞƐĞƐƚŚĂŶŵĂŶLJŵŽƌĞƉƌŽůŝdžǁƌŝƚĞƌƐĚŽŝŶĂƚŚŽƵƐĂŶĚǁŽƌĚƐ͘ /Ŷ>ŝƚƌŽƚŚŝƐŵŽŶƚŚ͕ǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƐƵƉƉŽƌƚŽĨƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŵďĂƐƐLJ͕ǁĞ͛ǀĞ ƐŽƵŐŚƚŽƵƚĂŶĚďƌŽƵŐŚƚLJŽƵďƌĂŶĚŶĞǁǁŽƌŬďLJƚŚĞďĞƐƚĞŵĞƌŐŝŶŐ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶǁƌŝƚĞƌƐʹƐŽŵĞŽĨƚŚĞƐĞŶĂŵĞƐŵĂLJďĞŶĞǁƚŽLJŽƵŶŽǁ͕ but that’s because they represent the future of Stateside literature, ŶŽƚŝƚƐƉĂƐƚ͘tĞďĞůŝĞǀĞŽƵƌĂƵƚŚŽƌƐŝŶƚŚŝƐŝƐƐƵĞƉƵƚƚŚĞƐƚĂƌƐŝŶƚŚĞ ^ƚĂƌƐĂŶĚ^ƚƌŝƉĞƐʹĂŶĚǁĞ͛ƌĞƐƵƌĞ͕ǁŚĞŶLJŽƵƌĞĂĚƚŚĞŝƌƐƚŽƌŝĞƐ͕LJŽƵ͛ůů agree. ,ĂǀĞĂŶŝĐĞĚĂLJ͊

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MESSAGE FROM U.S. CULTURAL ATTACHÉ LIZA DAVIS TO LITRO READERS 'ƌĞĞƟŶŐƐ͊/ĂŵĚĞůŝŐŚƚĞĚƚŽǁĞůĐŽŵĞLJŽƵƚŽƚŚŝƐƐƉĞĐŝĂůŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ĞĚŝƟŽŶŽĨ>ŝƚƌŽ͘ /ƚĂŝŵƐƚŽďƌŝŶŐLJŽƵƐŽŵĞŽĨƚŚĞďĞƐƚĂŶĚŶĞǁĞƐƚŽĨǁƌŝƟŶŐŝŶƚŚĞ h͘^͘ƚŽĚĂLJ͘ƐĂŶŵĞƌŝĐĂŶǁŚŽŚĂƐůŝǀĞĚŝŶ>ŽŶĚŽŶĨŽƌŶĞĂƌůLJƚŚƌĞĞ LJĞĂƌƐŶŽǁ͕/ĂŵƐƟůůĂŵĂnjĞĚĂƚƚŚĞĚĞĞƉŬŶŽǁůĞĚŐĞĂŶĚĂƉƉƌĞĐŝĂƟŽŶ ƚŚĂƚƉĞŽƉůĞŚĞƌĞŚĂǀĞŽĨh͘^͘ĐƵůƚƵƌĞŝŶĂůůƐŚĂƉĞƐĂŶĚĨŽƌŵƐ͘ >ŝƚƌŽŝƐĂŐƌĞĂƚĞdžĂŵƉůĞŽĨƚŚŝƐ͘ /ŚŽƉĞLJŽƵǁŝůůũŽŝŶŵĞŝŶĞdžƉůŽƌŝŶŐƐƵĐŚŐĞŵƐŝŶƚŚŝƐĐƵƌƌĞŶƚŝƐƐƵĞ ĂƐĂƐƚŽƌLJĨƌŽŵƚŚĞĐƵůƚĂƵƚŚŽƌĂŶĚƐĐƌĞĞŶǁƌŝƚĞƌ:ĂŶŝĐĞ^ŚĂƉŝƌŽ͕ƚŽ ƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐĂůŝƩůĞĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚ͕ƐƟůůǀĞƌLJŵƵĐŚĂƉƌŽĚƵĐƚŽĨdƌĂŶƐĂƚůĂŶƟĐ ĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĞdžĐŚĂŶŐĞ͗ĂƐƚŽƌLJĨƌŽŵ<ĞůĞKŬĞƌĞŬĞ͕ůĞĂĚƐŝŶŐĞƌŽĨƚŚĞ ƌŝƟƐŚďĂŶĚůŽĐWĂƌƚLJ͕ǁŚŽŝƐĐƵƌƌĞŶƚůLJůŝǀŝŶŐŝŶEĞǁzŽƌŬ͘ /ŚŽƉĞƚŚĂƚLJŽƵĞŶũŽLJƌĞĂĚŝŶŐƚŚŝƐƐŵŽƌŐĂƐďŽƌĚŽĨǁƌŝƟŶŐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ hŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͕ǁŚĞƚŚĞƌLJŽƵĂƌĞƌĞĂĚŝŶŐŝƚǁŚŝůĞƚƌĂǀĞůůŝŶŐƚŽŽƌĨƌŽŵ ǁŽƌŬ͕ŽƌƌĞůĂdžŝŶŐĂƚŚŽŵĞ͘

Sincerely,

Liza Davis ƵůƚƵƌĂůƩĂĐŚĠ


HIS FIRST DEAD BODY KELE OKEREKE

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ĞǁĂƐŶ͛ƚƐƵƌĞŝĨŝƚǁĂƐƌƵĚĞŽƌŶŽƚ͕ůĞĂǀŝŶŐƚŚĞĐůƵďŵŝĚͲ ĐŽŶǀĞƌƐĂƟŽŶ͕ďƵƚƚŚĂƚƐƚƵƉŝĚĨƵĐŬŝŶŐƐŽŶŐĂďŽƵƚďĞŝŶŐĂ ĮƌĞǁŽƌŬŚĂĚũƵƐƚƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŽƉůĂLJĂŐĂŝŶĂŶĚŚĞŬŶĞǁƚŚĂƚƚŚŝƐǁĂƐĂ ƐŝŐŶƚŚĂƚŚĞƐŚŽƵůĚŶŽƚďĞŚĞƌĞ͘dŚĂƚƐŽŶŐŚĂĚďĞĞŶĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐŚŝŵ ĂƌŽƵŶĚEĞǁzŽƌŬĨŽƌƚŚĞǁŚŽůĞǁĞĞŬ͕ďůĂƐƟŶŐĨƌŽŵĐĂƌƐƚĞƌĞŽƐƚŽ ƚŚĞďŽĚĞŐĂƐƵƉĂŶĚĚŽǁŶƚŚĞtĞƐƚsŝůůĂŐĞǁŚĞƌĞŚĞǁĂƐƐƚĂLJŝŶŐ͘ /ƚĚŝĚŶ͛ƚŵĂŬĞĂŶLJƐĞŶƐĞ͕ǁŚĂƚĚŝĚŝƚŵĞĂŶƚŽďĞĂĮƌĞǁŽƌŬ͍tŚLJ ĚŝĚƐŚĞƐŽƵŶĚƐŽĐĂƌĞĨƌĞĞƐŝŶŐŝŶŐƚŚĂƚůLJƌŝĐĂďŽƵƚďĞŝŶŐŽŶĮƌĞ͍/ƚ ũƵƐƚŵĂĚĞŚŝŵĂŶŐƌLJ͘^ŽŚĞƚŽůĚĞƌĞŬ͕ŽƌĂŶŝĞů͕ŽƌĂǀŝĚƚŚĞĞĂŐĞƌ LJŽƵŶŐĐŽŶƐƵůƚĂŶƚǁŚŽǁĂƐƚĂůŬŝŶŐƚŽŚŝŵ;ŶŽƚƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌǁĂLJĂƌŽƵŶĚͿ ƚŚĂƚŚĞǁĂƐŐŽŝŶŐĨŽƌĂĐŝŐĂƌĞƩĞ͘,ĞĐĂƌĞĨƵůůLJĚĞƐĐĞŶĚĞĚƚŚĞƐƚĂŝƌƐŽĨ ƚŚĞĐůƵď͕ŵĂŬŝŶŐƐƵƌĞŶŽƚƚŽƚŽƵĐŚĂŶLJŽĨƚŚĞƐǁĞĂƚLJƐŚŝƌƚůĞƐƐďŽĚŝĞƐ ŽĨƚŚĞǁŝĚĞͲĞLJĞĚŵĞŶ͘dŚĞƐƵƌůLJďůŽŶĚĞƚǁŝŶŬĚŝĚŶŽƚůŽŽŬŚŝŵŝŶƚŚĞ ĞLJĞĂƐŚĞŚĂŶĚĞĚŚŝŵďĂĐŬŚŝƐůĞĂƚŚĞƌũĂĐŬĞƚĂƚƚŚĞĐŽĂƚͲĐŚĞĐŬ͘dŚĂŶŬ LJŽƵ͕ŚĞŵƵƩĞƌĞĚƚŽŚŝŵƐĞůĨ͘ƉĞƌĨĞĐƚĞŶĚƚŽĂƉĞƌĨĞĐƚĞǀĞŶŝŶŐ͘ KƵƚŽŶƚŚĞƐŝĚĞǁĂůŬŚĞďƌŝƐƚůĞĚĂƐŚĞĨĞůƚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚďůĂƐƚŽĨĐŽůĚĂŝƌ͘ /ƚǁĂƐƐƵƉƉŽƐĞĚƚŽďĞǁĂƌŵĞƌŚĞƌĞ͖ŚĞŚĂĚŽŶůLJďƌŽƵŐŚƚŽŶĞƚŚŝŶ ůĞĂƚŚĞƌũĂĐŬĞƚƚŽůĂƐƚŚŝŵĨŽƌƚŚĞĨŽƵƌǁĞĞŬƐĂŶĚŚĞǁĂƐĂůƌĞĂĚLJ ƐƚĂƌƟŶŐƚŽŐĞƚĂĐŽůĚ͘zĞƐƚĞƌĚĂLJŝƚŚĂĚƌĂŝŶĞĚĂůůĚĂLJ͕ĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ ŵŽŵĞŶƚŚĞǁŽŬĞƵƉƚŽƚŚĞƟŵĞŚĞƐƚƵŵďůĞĚďĂĐŬƚŽŚŝƐĂƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ ŝŶƚŚĞĞĂƌůLJŚŽƵƌƐŽĨƚŚĞŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͘,ĞŵŝŐŚƚĂƐǁĞůůƐƟůůďĞŝŶ>ŽŶĚŽŶ͘ /ĨŚĞǁĂƐŝŶ>ŽŶĚŽŶŶŽǁ͕ŚĞǁŽƵůĚƉƌŽďĂďůLJďĞĚŽŝŶŐƚŚĞĞdžĂĐƚƐĂŵĞ ƚŚŝŶŐ͕ǁĂůŬŝŶŐŚŽŵĞŽŶŚŝƐŽǁŶĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ:ŽŝŶĞƌ͛ƐƌŵƐ͕ŚŝƐůŽĐĂů ŐĂLJďĂƌ͕ƐĞŵŝͲĚƌƵŶŬĂŶĚŝŶĂďĂĚŵŽŽĚ͘/ĨŚĞǁĂƐĨĞĞůŝŶŐƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌůLJ ĚĞƐƉĞƌĂƚĞŚĞǁŽƵůĚƉƌŽďĂďůLJĐĂůůŚŝƐĞdžZƵďĞŶ͕ǁŚŽǁŽƵůĚŵŽƐƚ ƉƌŽďĂďůLJŝŐŶŽƌĞŚŝƐĐĂůů͘,ĞƐƚŽƉƉĞĚŚŝŵƐĞůĨŵŝĚͲƚŚŽƵŐŚƚ͖ƚŚĞƌĞǁĂƐ ŶŽƉŽŝŶƚƚŚŝŶŬŝŶŐůŝŬĞƚŚŝƐ͘,ĞǁĂƐŚĞƌĞŶŽǁ͕ĂŶĚŚĞŚĂĚƚŽŵĂŬĞŝƚ ǁŽƌŬ͘ &ŽƌŵŽŶƚŚƐŚĞŚĂĚƚŚŽƵŐŚƚŽĨŶŽƚŚŝŶŐďƵƚLJĞůůŽǁƚĂdžŝƐ͕ďƌŽǁŶƐƚŽŶĞƐ ĂŶĚdŝŵĞƐ^ƋƵĂƌĞ͘EĞǁzŽƌŬǁĂƐŐŽŝŶŐƚŽďĞŚŝƐĂǁĂŬĞŶŝŶŐ͖ŚĞ ǁŽƵůĚĨŽƌŐĞƚĂďŽƵƚZƵďĞŶĂŶĚŚĞǁŽƵůĚĨŽƌŐĞƚƚŚĂƚŚĞŚĂƚĞĚŚŝƐũŽď ĂŶĚĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐĂŶĚĨŽƌĨŽƵƌǁĞĞŬƐŚĞǁŽƵůĚĨĞĞůůŝĨĞĂŐĂŝŶ͘ƵƚƐŽĨĂƌ ŝƚŚĂĚŶ͛ƚƌĞĂůůLJƉĂŶŶĞĚŽƵƚůŝŬĞƚŚĂƚ͘dŚĞŽŶůLJƉĞƌƐŽŶŚĞ͛ĚƐƉŽŬĞŶƚŽ LJĞƐƚĞƌĚĂLJƚŚĂƚŚĞƚŚŽƵŐŚƚǁĂƐŶŝĐĞǁĂƐƚŚĞŐŝƌůŝŶƉŝnjnjĂƐŚŽƉĂƚƚŚĞ ĞŶĚŽĨŚŝƐƌŽĂĚ͘^ŚĞĐĂůůĞĚŚŝŵŚŽŶĞLJĂƐƐŚĞŐĂǀĞŚŝŵĂůƵŬĞǁĂƌŵ

LITRO | 08


ƐůŝĐĞĨƌŽŵƚŚĞĚŝƐƉůĂLJĐŽƵŶƚĞƌ͘,Ğ͛ĚůŝŬĞĚŚŽǁŝƚŚĂĚƌŽůůĞĚŽī ŚĞƌƚŽŶŐƵĞ͘ƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞǁĞĞŬŚĞŚĂĚŵĞƚƉĞŽƉůĞŝŶďĂƌƐ͕ƐƚĂƌƚĞĚ ĐŽŶǀĞƌƐĂƟŽŶƐǁŝƚŚƐƚƌĂŶŐĞƌƐ͕ďƵƚŝƚĂůǁĂLJƐĞŶĚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞƐĂŵĞǁĂLJ͘ ,ĞŚĂĚƚŽƐƚŽƉƚĞůůŝŶŐƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚĞƌĞŚĞǁĂƐĨƌŽŵďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĞLJ ĂůǁĂLJƐƐĂŝĚƚŚĞƐĂŵĞƚŚŝŶŐ͕ƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJůŽǀĞĚ>ŽŶĚŽŶĂŶĚƚŚĞLJǁĂŶƚĞĚ ƚŽĐŽŵĞĂŶĚůŝǀĞƚŚĞƌĞ͘ƚĮƌƐƚŚĞƚƌŝĞĚƚŽƚĞůůƚŚĞŵƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞ ǁƌŽŶŐĂŶĚƚŚĂƚůŝĨĞŝŶ>ŽŶĚŽŶĐŽƵůĚďĞŐƌĞLJĂŶĚĨĂƐƚĂŶĚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐ ŝƚĐŽƵůĚďĞƐŽůŽŶĞůLJƚŚĂƚŝƚǁŽƵůĚŵĂŬĞLJŽƵǁĂŶƚƚŽƐƚĂďLJŽƵƌŽǁŶ ĞLJĞƐŽƵƚǁŝƚŚĂĨŽƌŬďƵƚƚŚĞLJĚŝĚŶ͛ƚƐĞĞŵƚŽƵŶĚĞƌƐƚĂŶĚŚŝŵ͕ƐŽŚĞ ũƵƐƚŶŽĚĚĞĚŚŝƐŚĞĂĚĂŶĚǁĂŝƚĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞŵƚŽƐƚŽƉ͘ ,ĞǁĂƐƐƚĂƌƟŶŐƚŽƚŚŝŶŬƚŚĂƚŵĂLJďĞŚĞŚĂĚŵĂĚĞĂŵĂƐƐŝǀĞ ŵŝƐƚĂŬĞŝŶƐƉĞŶĚŝŶŐŚŝƐƐĂǀŝŶŐƐŽŶĐŽŵŝŶŐƚŽEz͘dŚĞƌĞŚĂĚďĞĞŶŶŽ ĞƉŝƉŚĂŶLJ͕ŶŽďƵƌŶŝŶŐďƵƐŚ͕ũƵƐƚŵŽƌĞŽĨƚŚĞƐĂŵĞ͖ďƵƐLJƉĞŽƉůĞǁŝƚŚ ĨĂƐƚůŝǀĞƐĂŶĚŚĞƐƟůůĨĞůƚƚŚĞǁĂLJƚŚĂƚŚĞĂůǁĂLJƐĚŝĚ͘DĂLJďĞŚŝƐďĞƐƚ ĨƌŝĞŶĚŚƌŝƐŚĂĚďĞĞŶƌŝŐŚƚ͗ŚŝƐĚĞŵŽŶƐǁŽƵůĚĨŽůůŽǁŚŝŵŶŽŵĂƩĞƌ ǁŚĞƌĞŚĞǁĞŶƚ͘ ,ĞŚĂĚƚŽŐĞƚŽƵƚŽĨƚŚĞŚĂďŝƚŽĨƚĂŬŝŶŐƚĂdžŝƐĞǀĞƌLJǁŚĞƌĞďƵƚŝƚǁĂƐ ƚŽŽĐŽůĚƚŽǁĂůŬƚŚĞƐŝdžƚĞĞŶďůŽĐŬƐŚŽŵĞ͕ŚŝƐĞĂƌƐǁĞƌĞƐƚĂƌƟŶŐƚŽ ŐŽŶƵŵď͘^ŽŚĞƉƌŽŵŝƐĞĚŚŝŵƐĞůĨĂƐŚĞǁĂůŬĞĚƚŽĐŽƌŶĞƌŽĨůĞǀĞŶƚŚ ǀĞŶƵĞƚŚĂƚƚŚŝƐǁŽƵůĚďĞƚŚĞůĂƐƚLJĞůůŽǁƚĂdžŝĨŽƌĂǁŚŝůĞ͘>ƵĐŬŝůLJ ƚŚĞƌĞǁĞƌĞĨŽƵƌƚĂdžŝƐĂůůƉĂƌŬĞĚŝŶĂƌŽǁ͘ůůƚŚĞĚƌŝǀĞƌƐǁĞƌĞƐƚĂƌŝŶŐ ŝŶƚŽƚŚĞƌŽĂĚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŝƌǁŝŶĚŽǁƐĂŶĚĚŽŽƌƐŽƉĞŶ͘/ŶĨƌŽŶƚŽĨƚŚĞŵ ƚǁŽŚĞĂǀŝůLJǁƌĂƉƉĞĚƵƉĮŐƵƌĞƐǁĞƌĞƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞŵŝĚĚůĞŽĨƚŚĞ ƌŽĂĚ͘dŚĞLJǁĞƌĞĐƌŽƵĐŚŝŶŐŽǀĞƌĂďƵŶĚůĞŽĨƌĂŐƐ͕ĂůůŐƌĞLJĂŶĚďůƵĞ͘ ,ĞĐŽƵůĚƐĞŶƐĞƚŚĂƚƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐǁĂƐǁƌŽŶŐǁŝƚŚƚŚŝƐƉŝĐƚƵƌĞ͘,ŝƐƉĂĐĞ ƋƵŝĐŬĞŶĞĚ͘ƐŚĞŐŽƚĐůŽƐĞƌŚĞĐŽƵůĚŵĂŬĞŽƵƚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞƚǁŽĮŐƵƌĞƐŝŶ ƚŚĞŵŝĚĚůĞŽĨƌŽĂĚǁĞƌĞŐŝƌůƐ͘KŶĞŽĨƚŚĞŵǁĂƐŶŽǁĐƌŽƵĐŚŝŶŐĚŽǁŶ ŝŶƚŚĞƌŽĂĚŽǀĞƌƚŚĞďƵŶĚůĞ͕ďƵƚŝƚǁĂƐŶ͛ƚĂďƵŶĚůĞŽĨƌĂŐƐ͕ŝƚǁĂƐĂ body. dŚĞƉĂŶŝĐƐƚĂƌƚƐƚŽŵŽǀĞŝŶŚŝŵ͕ůŝŬĞǁŝůĚĮƌĞĂƚƚŚĞĞĚŐĞŽĨĂĨŽƌĞƐƚ͘ tŝƚŚŽƵƚƚŚŝŶŬŝŶŐ͕ŚŝƐůĞŐƐĂĐĐĞůĞƌĂƚĞƚŽǁĂƌĚƐƚŚĞŵ͘ǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐŝƐŝŶ ƐůŽǁŵŽƟŽŶĂŶĚĨŽƌƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƟŵĞŚĞƌĞĂůŝƐĞƐŚŽǁĚƌƵŶŬŚĞŝƐ͘ tŚĂƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚ͍tŚĂƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚ͍ tĞĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁ͘tĞĐĂŵĞŽƵƚŽĨĂƉĂƌƚLJĂŶĚŚĞǁĂƐũƵƐƚƐƚƵŵďůŝŶŐŝŶ ƚŚĞƌŽĂĚ͘tĞƚŚŽƵŐŚƚŵĂLJďĞŚĞǁĂƐĚƌƵŶŬĂŶĚƚŚĞŶŚĞũƵƐƚĐŽůůĂƉƐĞĚ in the road. ,ĞĐĂŶŚĞĂƌŝŶŚĞƌĂĐĐĞŶƚƚŚĂƚƐŚĞŝƐ&ƌĞŶĐŚ͕ĂůƚŚŽƵŐŚŚĞƚŚŝŶŬƐƐŚĞ 09 | LITRO


ůŽŽŬƐŵŽƌĞ^ĐĂŶĚŝŶĂǀŝĂŶǁŝƚŚŚĞƌďůŽŶĚĞŚĂŝƌĂŶĚůǀŝƐŽƐƚĞůůŽ ŐůĂƐƐĞƐ͘,ĞĐĂŶƚĞůůƚŚĂƚƐŚĞ͛ƐǁŽƌƌŝĞĚďƵƚƐŚĞƉůĂLJƐŝƚĐŽŽů͘,Ğƌ ǀŽŝĐĞŝƐĐĂůŵĂŶĚĚĞƚĂĐŚĞĚĂŶĚŚĞǁŝƐŚĞƐƚŚĂƚŚĞŚĂĚƐŽŵĞŽĨŚĞƌ ŝŶƐŽƵĐŝĂŶĐĞƌŝŐŚƚŶŽǁ͘,ĞŝƐĨƌĂŶƟĐĂƐŚŝƐǁŽƌĚƐƚƌŝƉŽǀĞƌƚŚĞŵƐĞůǀĞƐ͘ dŚĞŽƚŚĞƌŐŝƌůŝƐŬŶĞĞůŝŶŐŽŶƚŚĞƉĂǀĞŵĞŶƚ͖ƐŚĞŚĂƐĂŬŝŶĚĞƌĨĂĐĞ͕ ůŝŐŚƚďƌŽǁŶĞLJĞƐĂŶĚŽůŝǀĞƐŬŝŶ͘^ŚĞŝƐŐĞŶƚůLJƐůĂƉƉŝŶŐƚŚĞďŽLJ͛ƐĨĂĐĞ͘ ,ĞLJŵĂŶ͕ƐƚĂLJǁŝƚŚƵƐ͕ƐƚĂLJǁŝƚŚƵƐ͘ ,ĞĐĂŶŚĞĂƌŝŶŚĞƌǀŽŝĐĞƚŚĂƚƐŚĞŝƐŶŽƚĐŽƉŝŶŐĂƐǁĞůůĂƐŚĞƌĨƌŝĞŶĚ͘ dŚĞƌĞŝƐĂƋƵĂǀĞƌƚŚĂƚďĞƚƌĂLJƐŚĞƌĂŶĚŚĞĐĂŶƚĞůůƐŚĞ͛ƐĐůŽƐĞƚŽƚĞĂƌƐ͘ dŚĞďŽLJŽŶƚŚĞŇŽŽƌŝƐLJŽƵŶŐ͕ŝŶŚŝƐĞĂƌůLJƚǁĞŶƟĞƐ͕ůŝŐŚƚͲƐŬŝŶŶĞĚĂŶĚ ŚĂŶĚƐŽŵĞ͘,ŝƐũĞĂŶƐĂƌĞůŽǁĂŶĚŚŝƐĐŽƩŽŶĚƌĂǁĞƌƐĂƌĞŚĂŶŐŝŶŐŽƵƚ͘ /ŶĂŶŽƚŚĞƌůŝĨĞŚĞĐŽƵůĚďĞĂďĂƐŬĞƚďĂůůƉůĂLJĞƌŽƌĂLJŽƵŶŐƌĂƉƉĞƌ͘ /ƚ͛ƐƚŚĞƐƟůůŶĞƐƐŽĨƚŚĞďŽLJ͛ƐďŽĚLJƚŚĂƚŚĞĮŶĚƐŵŽƐƚƚĞƌƌŝĨLJŝŶŐ͘,ĞůŝĞƐ ĐƌƵŵƉůĞĚůŝŬĞĂŵĂƌŝŽŶĞƩĞǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƐƚƌŝŶŐƐĐƵƚ͘,ŝƐďƌŽǁŶĞLJĞƐĂƌĞ ǁŝĚĞŽƉĞŶĂŶĚƐƚĂƌŝŶŐĂƚƚŚĞƐŬLJ͘,ĞŝƐůLJŝŶŐůŝĨĞůĞƐƐ͕ůŝŬĞĂǁĂdžǁŽƌŬ͕ ǁŝƚŚůŝƉƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞĂůƌĞĂĚLJƐƚĂƌƟŶŐƚŽŐŽďůƵĞ͘ ŽŵĞŽŶŵĂŶ͕ƉůĞĂƐĞƐƚĂLJǁŝƚŚƵƐ͘ dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞŶŽŵĂƌŬƐŽŶŚŝƐĨĂĐĞƐŽŝƚĐĂŶ͛ƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶĂĮŐŚƚĂŶĚŚĞ ĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚƐŵĞůůůŝŬĞĂůĐŽŚŽůƐŽŝƚŵƵƐƚďĞĚƌƵŐƐ͘,ĞƐŝŐŚƐ͗ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ ƉĂƌƚLJͲďŽLJĐĂƐƵĂůƚLJ͘,ĞǁŽŶĚĞƌƐŝĨƚŚŝƐďŽLJĐŽƵůĚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶĂƚƚŚĞ ƐĂŵĞĐůƵďŚĞǁĂƐĂƚŵŽŵĞŶƚƐďĞĨŽƌĞ͍ŽƵůĚŚĞŚĂǀĞǁĂůŬĞĚƌŝŐŚƚ ƉĂƐƚŚŝŵŝŶƚŚĞĚĂƌŬŽƌǁĂŝƚĞĚŽƵƚƐŝĚĞĂďĂƚŚƌŽŽŵƐƚĂůůĂƐŚĞůŽĐŬĞĚ ŚŝŵƐĞůĨŝŶĂŶĚŐŽƚŚŝŐŚ͍ tŚLJĂƌĞŶŽŶĞŽĨƚŚĞƐĞƌƵďďĞƌŶĞĐŬŝŶŐƚĂdžŝĚƌŝǀĞƌƐŚĞůƉŝŶŐ͍,ĞŝƐ ƐƚĂƌƟŶŐƚŽŐĞƚĂŶŐƌLJ͘dŚĞLJƉƌŽďĂďůLJƐĞĞƚŚŝƐĂůůƚŚĞƟŵĞĂŶĚŚĂǀĞ ůĞĂƌŶĞĚŶŽƚƚŽĐĂƌĞ͘,ĞǁŽŶĚĞƌƐŝĨŚĞĂŶĚƚŚĞ&ƌĞŶĐŚŐŝƌůƐŚĂĚďĞĞŶ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ͕ŶŽƚƵƌŽƉĞĂŶƚŽƵƌŝƐƚƐǁŽƵůĚƚŚĞLJďĞĂǀŽŝĚŝŶŐƚŚŝƐĚLJŝŶŐ ďůĂĐŬďŽLJŽŶƚŚĞƐƚƌĞĞƚƐƚŽŽ͍ ǀĞŶƚŚŽƵŐŚƚŚĞďŽLJ͛ƐĞLJĞƐĂƌĞďůĂŶŬŚŝƐĐŚĞƐƚŝƐŵŽǀŝŶŐƐůŽǁůLJ͕ůŝŬĞĂ ĐƌĂǁů͘,ĞŝƐŝŶƚŚĞƌĞƐŽŵĞǁŚĞƌĞ͘dŚĞƌĞŵƵƐƚďĞƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐŚĞĐĂŶĚŽ ŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶũƵƐƚǁŝƐŚŝŶŐ͕ƚŚĞƌĞŵƵƐƚďĞƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐƉƌĂĐƟĐĂů͍ ,ĞƚŚŝŶŬƐďĂĐŬƚŽƚŚĞĮƌƐƚĂŝĚƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐŚĞƌĞĐĞŝǀĞĚǁŚĞŶŚĞǁĂƐŝŶƚŚĞ ŽLJ^ĐŽƵƚƐĂůŵŽƐƚƚǁĞŶƚLJLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͕ďƵƚŝƚ͛ƐĂůůĨƵnjnjLJ͘dŚĞŽŶůLJƚŚŝŶŐ that he can recall is about head trauma, if a motorcyclist has been in LITRO | 10


ĂŶĂĐĐŝĚĞŶƚLJŽƵƐŚŽƵůĚŶ͛ƚŵŽǀĞƚŚĞŵŽƌƌĞŵŽǀĞƚŚĞŝƌŚĞůŵĞƚĂƐ ŝƚŵŝŐŚƚŵĂŬĞŝƚǁŽƌƐĞ͘ƵƚƚŚŝƐďŽLJŚĂƐŶ͛ƚďĞĞŶŝŶĂŶĂĐĐŝĚĞŶƚ ĂŶĚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐŶ͛ƚĂŚĞůŵĞƚƚŽďĞƌĞŵŽǀĞĚ͘tŚLJĚŝĚŶ͛ƚŚĞƉĂLJŵŽƌĞ ĂƩĞŶƟŽŶĂƐĂĐŚŝůĚ͍ ,ĂǀĞLJŽƵĐĂůůĞĚĂŶĂŵďƵůĂŶĐĞ͍ zĞƐ͕ũƵƐƚŶŽǁďĞĨŽƌĞLJŽƵŐŽƚŚĞƌĞ͕ƚŚĞLJƐĂŝĚƚŚĞLJ͛ƌĞŽŶƚŚĞŝƌǁĂLJ͘ KŚK<͘DĂLJďĞǁĞƐŚŽƵůĚĐĂůůŚŝƐĨƌŝĞŶĚƐ͕ĮŶĚŽƵƚǁŚĂƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚƚŽ Śŝŵ͘ŽĞƐŚĞŚĂǀĞĂƉŚŽŶĞ͍ /ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁ͕ĐŚĞĐŬ͘ ,ĞŐŽĞƐŝŶƚŽƚŚĞƉŽĐŬĞƚƐŽĨƚŚĞďŽLJ͛ƐũĞĂŶƐĂŶĚƉƵůůƐŽƵƚĂŶŝWŚŽŶĞ ǁŝƚŚĂĐƌĂŶďĞƌƌLJĐŽůŽƵƌĞĚƌƵďďĞƌƐůĞĞǀĞ͘DĂLJďĞŚŝƐĨƌŝĞŶĚƐǁŝůůŬŶŽǁ ǁŚĂƚŚĞŚĂƐƚĂŬĞŶƐŽƚŚĞLJĐĂŶƚĞůůƚŚĞŵĞĚŝĐƐǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJŐĞƚŚĞƌĞ͘/ƚ ŵŝŐŚƚŵĂŬĞĂůůƚŚĞĚŝīĞƌĞŶĐĞ͕ŝƚŵŝŐŚƚ͘ ƵƚŚĞŵƵƐƚďĞƚŚĞŽŶůLJƉĞƌƐŽŶŝŶƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚƚŚĂƚĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚŽǁŶĂŶ ŝWŚŽŶĞ͕ŚĞǁĂƐĂůǁĂLJƐƉƵƚŽīďLJƚŚĞŝƌƚŽƵĐŚƐĐƌĞĞŶƐ͘tŝƚŚĨƌŽnjĞŶ ĮŶŐĞƌƐŚĞŵĂŶĂŐĞƐƚŽƵŶůŽĐŬƚŚĞƐĐƌĞĞŶďƵƚŚĞĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁŚŽǁ ƚŽĂĐĐĞƐƐƚŚĞůĂƐƚŶƵŵďĞƌĚŝĂůůĞĚ͘,ĞĨĞĞůƐůŝŬĞƐŵĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞ ĂŐĂŝŶƐƚƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚ͘tŚLJǁŽŶ͛ƚŝƚĐŽͲŽƉĞƌĂƚĞ͍Ƶƚŝƚ͛ƐĂůůƌŝŐŚƚ͕ŚĞ ƐƚĂƌƚƐƚŽŚĞĂƌƚŚĞƐƚƵƩĞƌŝŶŐƐŝƌĞŶƐŝŶƚŚĞĚŝƐƚĂŶĐĞ͕ĂƐŚĞůŽŽŬƐƐŽƵƚŚ ĚŽǁŶƚŚĞďůŽĐŬŚĞƐĞĞƐƚŚĞŇĂƐŚŝŶŐƌĞĚĂŶĚǁŚŝƚĞĂŶĚĚŝƐĐŽůŝŐŚƚƐ ůŝŐŚƟŶŐƵƉůĞǀĞŶƚŚǀĞŶƵĞ͘,ĞƌĂŝƐĞƐƚŚĞŝWŚŽŶĞŝŶŚŝƐŚĂŶĚĂŶĚ ŇĂŐƐƚŚĞĂŵďƵůĂŶĐĞĚŽǁŶ͘ dŚĞŬŝŶĚ&ƌĞŶĐŚŐŝƌůŚĂƐƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŽĐƌLJ͘ Amadine, he’s not breathing, he’s not. ŽŵĞŽŶďƵĚĚLJ͕ƐƚĂLJǁŝƚŚƵƐ͕ƚŚĞLJĂƌĞŚĞƌĞŶŽǁ͕ŚĞƐĂLJƐďƵƚ something has changed about the boy, his lips are completely blue ĂŶĚŚŝƐĐŚĞƐƚŚĂƐƐƚŽƉƉĞĚŵŽǀŝŶŐ͘,ĞŚĂƐŶĞǀĞƌƐĞĞŶĂĚĞĂĚďŽĚLJ ďĞĨŽƌĞ͕ŶĞǀĞƌůŽŽŬĞĚĚĞĂƚŚŝŶƚŚĞĞLJĞ͘/ƚĐŚŝůůƐŚŝŵĂƐŚĞůŽŽŬƐĂƚƚŚĞ ƐƟůůďŽLJ͗ĂůůŚĞĐĂŶƚŚŝŶŬĂďŽƵƚŚŝƐŝƐŚŝƐĨĂŵŝůLJƐŽŵĞǁŚĞƌĞ͘,ĞƚŚŝŶŬƐ ĂďŽƵƚŚŝƐŽǁŶŵŽƚŚĞƌĐƌLJŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞĂŝƌƉŽƌƚĂƐƐŚĞƐĂǁŚŝŵŽī͘^ŚĞ ƚŽůĚŚŝŵƚŽďĞĐĂƌĞĨƵůĂŶĚƚŽĐŽŵĞďĂĐŬŝŶŽŶĞƉŝĞĐĞ͘,ĞŚĂĚůĂƵŐŚĞĚ ĂƚŚĞƌĂƐƐŚĞĐƌŝĞĚ͘^ŚĞǁĂƐĂůǁĂLJƐƚŚŝŶŬŝŶŐƚŚĞǁŽƌƐƚ͘ dŚĞĂŵďƵůĂŶĐĞĐƌĞǁƚĂŬĞŽǀĞƌ͘dŚĞLJĂƌĞǁĞůůĚƌŝůůĞĚĂŶĚƚŚĞLJŵŽǀĞ 11 | LITRO


ĂƐŽŶĞ͘ƐŚŽƌƚďƵƚĐŚĨĞŵĂůĞ/ƚĂůŝĂŶͲŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƉĂƌĂŵĞĚŝĐĐŽŵĞƐ ƵƉƚŽŚŝŵĂŶĚŚĞŚĂŶĚƐŚĞƌƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞ͘^ŚĞŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞƐĞĞŶƚŚŝƐĂ ƚŚŽƵƐĂŶĚƟŵĞƐ͕ƚŚĞƌĞŝƐŶŽĚƌĂŵĂŝŶŚĞƌǀŽŝĐĞ͕ũƵƐƚĂŶŽƚŚĞƌĚĂLJĂƚ ƚŚĞŽĸĐĞ͘^ŚĞĂƐŬƐŚŝŵŝĨƚŚĞďŽLJǁĂƐŚŝƐĨƌŝĞŶĚ͘ EŽ͕/ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁŚŝŵ͘ tĞůů͕ǁĞŚĂǀĞŝƚĨƌŽŵŚĞƌĞŶŽǁ͕ŝƚ͛ƐƟŵĞĨŽƌLJŽƵĂůůƚŽŐŽ͘ dŚĞƌĞŝƐƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐĮƌŵŝŶŚĞƌǀŽŝĐĞĂŶĚŚĞĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚƌĞĂůŝƐĞƵŶƟů ŚĂůĨǁĂLJĚŽǁŶƚŚĞďůŽĐŬƚŚĂƚƐŚĞĚŝĚŶŽƚŐŝǀĞŚŝŵĂĐŚŽŝĐĞ͘dŚĞ &ƌĞŶĐŚŐŝƌůƐŚĂǀĞĂůƌĞĂĚLJĚŝƐĂƉƉĞĂƌĞĚĂŶĚŚĞĐĂŶŶŽƚĨĞĞůŚŝƐŚĂŶĚƐ ŽƌŚŝƐĞĂƌƐĂŶLJŵŽƌĞ͘,ĂůĨǁĂLJĚŽǁŶƚŚĞďůŽĐŬŚĞƚƵƌŶƐďĂĐŬƚŽůŽŽŬ ĂƚƚŚĞƉĂƌĂŵĞĚŝĐƐĂŶĚƐĞĞƐƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞƉƵƚĂƚĂƌƉŽǀĞƌƚŚĞďŽLJ͛Ɛ ďŽĚLJ͘dŚĞŝƌǁŽƌŬŚĞƌĞŝƐĚŽŶĞ͘ /ƚŝƐŶ͛ƚƵŶƟůŚĞŐĞƚƐŝŶƚŽƚŚĞƚĂdžŝƚŚĂƚŚĞƌĞĂůŝƐĞƐŚĞŝƐƐŚĂŬŝŶŐ͘ůůŚĞ ĐĂŶƚŚŝŶŬĂďŽƵƚŝƐƚŚĞďŽLJ͛ƐĞLJĞƐ͕ĚĞĂĚůŝŬĞŵĂƌďůĞƐ͘,ĞŶĞĞĚƐƐŽŵĞ ƐŽƌƚŽĨƌĞĂƐƐƵƌĂŶĐĞƐŽŚĞƚƵƌŶƐƚŽƚŚĞƚĂdžŝĚƌŝǀĞƌĂƐƚŚĞLJƐƉĞĞĚĚŽǁŶ ŝŐŚƚŚǀĞŶƵĞ͘ ĂŶ/ĂƐŬLJŽƵĂƋƵĞƐƟŽŶ͍ Sure. ,ĂǀĞLJŽƵĞǀĞƌƐĞĞŶĂĚĞĂĚďŽĚLJďĞĨŽƌĞ͍ zĞƐ/ŚĂǀĞ͘͘͘ŵLJŐƌĂŶĚŵŽƚŚĞƌ͘ /ũƵƐƚƐĂǁƐŽŵĞŽŶĞĚŝĞŽŶƚŚĞƐƚƌĞĞƚ͘ŽĞƐŝƚŚĂƉƉĞŶŽŌĞŶŚĞƌĞ͍ dŚĞƚĂdžŝĚƌŝǀĞƌƐŶŽƌƚĞĚ͘ WĞŽƉůĞĚŝĞĞǀĞƌLJǁŚĞƌĞďƵĚĚLJ͕ŝƚ͛ƐŐŽƚŶŽƚŚŝŶŐƚŽĚŽǁŝƚŚEĞǁzŽƌŬ͘ /ŬŶŽǁďƵƚ/͛ǀĞŶĞǀĞƌƐĞĞŶĂŶLJƚŚŝŶŐůŝŬĞƚŚĂƚďĞĨŽƌĞ͘ dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐĂƉĂƵƐĞ͘ tĞůů͕ŝƚ͛ƐůŝĨĞďƵĚĚLJ͕LJŽƵŐŽƩĂƚŽƵŐŚĞŶƵƉ͘ dŚĞƚĂdžŝĚƌŝǀĞƌƚƵƌŶĞĚŽŶƚŚĞƌĂĚŝŽĂŶĚŚĞŐŽƚƚŚĞŵĞƐƐĂŐĞƚŚĂƚƚŚĞ ĐŽŶǀĞƌƐĂƟŽŶŚĂĚĞŶĚĞĚ͘,ĞƐĂŶŬďĂĐŬŝŶƚŽŚŝƐƐĞĂƚ͘ LITRO | 12


,ĞĚŝĚŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁǁŚĂƚƚŽĚŽǁŚĞŶŚĞŐŽƚďĂĐŬŝŶƚŽŚŝƐĂƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ͕ŝƚ ƐĞĞŵĞĚƐŽƐŵĂůůŶŽǁ͘,ĞĨĞůƚƐŽŶĂŝǀĞ͕ƚŚĞǁŽƌĚƐŽĨƚŚĞƚĂdžŝĚƌŝǀĞƌ ƌĞǀĞƌďĞƌĂƟŶŐŝŶŚŝƐŚĞĂĚ͘dŚĞƐŬŝŶŽĨƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚŚĂĚďĞĞŶƉƵůůĞĚ ďĂĐŬ͖ŚĞĐŽƵůĚƐĞĞƚŚĞďůŽŽĚ͕ƚŚĞŇĞƐŚĂŶĚďŽŶĞƐĂŶĚŚĞĚŝĚŶŽƚůŝŬĞ ŝƚ͘,ĞĐĂůůĞĚŚŝƐŵŽƚŚĞƌďĂĐŬŝŶ>ŽŶĚŽŶ͗ŝƚǁŽƵůĚďĞĂďŽƵƚϳĂŵŽŶ Ă^ƵŶĚĂLJŵŽƌŶŝŶŐƐŽŚĞŬŶĞǁƚŚĂƚƐŚĞƉƌŽďĂďůLJǁŽƵůĚŶ͛ƚĂŶƐǁĞƌ ďƵƚŚĞůĞŌĂŵĞƐƐĂŐĞŽŶŚĞƌĂŶƐǁĞƌŝŶŐŵĂĐŚŝŶĞ͘,ĞƚŽůĚŚĞƌŶŽƚƚŽ ǁŽƌƌLJ͕ƚŚĂƚŚĞůŽǀĞĚŚĞƌĂŶĚŚĞŵŝƐƐĞĚŚĞƌ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĂƚĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐǁĂƐ K<ŚĞƌĞ͘ǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐǁĂƐK<͘

Kele Okereke lives in London and New York. He is the ƐŝŶŐĞƌͬŐƵŝƚĂƌŝƐƚŽĨƌŝƟƐŚŝŶĚŝĞďĂŶĚůŽĐWĂƌƚLJ͘,Ğ has had stories printed in WƵŶŬ&ŝĐƟŽŶ͕&ŝǀĞŝĂůƐ͕ĂŶĚ ƫƚƵĚĞŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞ͘,ĞŝƐĐƵƌƌĞŶƚůLJǁƌŝƟŶŐĂĐŽůůĞĐƟŽŶ of short stories called DŝĚŶŝŐŚƚŽŶĂŝĐLJĐůĞ͘ He has a blog at iamkele.com/blog. To read an exclusive Q&A with Kele, visit www.litro.co.uk 13 | LITRO


WHATCHAMACALLIT PAUL BECKMAN

D

ŝƌƐŬLJǁĂƐǁŽƌŬŝŶŐŝŶŚŝƐŚŽŵĞŽĸĐĞǁƌŝƟŶŐĂĚĐŽƉLJĨŽƌĂ ŚŽƵƐŝŶŐďƌŽĐŚƵƌĞĂŶĚĨŽƌƚŚĞůŝĨĞŽĨŚŝŵĐŽƵůĚŶ͛ƚƚŚŝŶŬŽĨƚŚĞ ǁŽƌĚĨŽƌƚŚĞďƵŵƉƚŚĂƚǁĞŶƚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƌŽĂĚƐƵƌĨĂĐĞƚŽƚŚĞƐŝĚĞǁĂůŬ͘ ƌŝǀĞǁĂLJ͘ŝǀŝĚĞƌ͘ĚŐŝŶŐ͘dŚĞƐĞǁŽƌĚƐĐĂŵĞŇLJŝŶŐďĂĐŬĂŶĚĨŽƌƚŚ ŝŶƚŽŚŝƐŚĞĂĚĂŶĚŚĞŬŶĞǁƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞǁƌŽŶŐ͕ĂŶĚŚĞĂůƐŽŬŶĞǁƚŚĂƚ ŚĞŚĂĚƚŚŽƵŐŚƚŽĨƚŚĞƌŝŐŚƚǁŽƌĚǁŚĞŶŚĞďĞŐĂŶƚŽǁƌŝƚĞƚŚĞĐŽƉLJ ďƵƚƚŚĞŚĂƌĚĞƌŚĞƚƌŝĞĚƚŽƚŚŝŶŬŽĨŝƚŶŽǁ͕ƚŚĞĨĂƌƚŚĞƌĨƌŽŵŚŝƐŐƌĂƐƉ it slipped. ,ĞĨĞůƚƚŚĞƐƉĂƐŵŽĨĂŶĂŶdžŝĞƚLJĂƩĂĐŬ͘DŝƌƐŬLJǁĂƐŽŶůLJĮŌLJͲĮǀĞ LJĞĂƌƐŽůĚĂŶĚƚŚŝƐǁĂƐĂŶŽƚŚĞƌŝŶĂƐĞƌŝĞƐŽĨǁŽƌĚƐƚŚĂƚŚĞ͛ĚďĞĞŶ ĨŽƌŐĞƫŶŐůĂƚĞůLJ͘ďŽƵƚƐŝdžŵŽŶƚŚƐĂŐŽŚĞŶŽƟĐĞĚŚŝƐǁŝĨĞůĂŝŶĞǁĂƐ ĮŶŝƐŚŝŶŐŚŝƐƐĞŶƚĞŶĐĞƐĨŽƌŚŝŵ͘DŝƌƐŬLJŚĂĚĂůǁĂLJƐďĞĞŶĂĨĂƐƚƚŚŝŶŬĞƌ ĂŶĚĂĨĂŝƌůLJƌĂƉŝĚƚĂůŬĞƌƐŽǁŚŝůĞŚĞ͛ĚŽďƐĞƌǀĞĚƚŚŝƐďĞŚĂǀŝŽƵƌŝŶ ŽƚŚĞƌĐŽƵƉůĞƐ͕ŝƚǁĂƐĂŶĞǁĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞĨŽƌŚŝŵ͘,ĞůĂƵŐŚĞĚĂďŽƵƚŝƚ ǁŝƚŚůĂŝŶĞǁŚĞŶŝƚƐƚĂƌƚĞĚ͕ĂŶĚĞǀĞŶůĂƚĞƌŽŶǁŚĞŶĨƌŝĞŶĚƐŽƌ ĐŽͲǁŽƌŬĞƌƐďĞŐĂŶĚŽŝŶŐŝƚƚŽŚŝŵƚŽŽ͘EŽŽŶĞƚŚŝŶŬƐŵƵĐŚŽĨƚŽƐƐŝŶŐ ĂǁŽƌĚŝŶƚŽĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͛ƐƐĞŶƚĞŶĐĞ͖ŝƚ͛ƐĂĐŽŵŵŽŶƉŚĞŶŽŵĞŶŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶĨŽƌĞǀĞƌ͕ƉƌŽďĂďůLJ͘ ƵƚĂƚŚŝƐĂŐĞ͕ǁŚĞŶĨƌŝĞŶĚƐĂŶĚƌĞůĂƟǀĞƐĂƌĞƚĂůŬŝŶŐĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞŝƌ ƉĂƌĞŶƚƐ͛ĚĞŵĞŶƟĂŽƌůnjŚĞŝŵĞƌ͛Ɛ͕DŝƌƐŬLJŚĂƐƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŽǁŽƌƌLJ͘ hŶƟůƚŚŝƐŵŽŵĞŶƚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƐŝĚĞǁĂůŬǁŽƌĚ͕ŚĞŚĂĚŶ͛ƚƐŚĂƌĞĚŚŝƐ ƚŚŽƵŐŚƚƐǁŝƚŚĂŶLJŽŶĞ͘WƵƫŶŐŚŝƐƉĞŶĚŽǁŶ͕ŚĞƌĞŇĞĐƚĞĚŽŶǁŚĂƚ ǁĂƐŚĂƉƉĞŶŝŶŐ͕ĂŶĚǁŚLJƉĞŽƉůĞǁĞƌĞĮŶŝƐŚŝŶŐŚŝƐƐĞŶƚĞŶĐĞƐ͘DŝƌƐŬLJ ƚŚŽƵŐŚƚƚŚĂƚƉĞƌŚĂƉƐŚŝƐǀŽŝĐĞƚƌĂŝůĞĚŽī͕ŽƌŚĞƐƉŽŬĞƐůŽǁĞƌĂƐŚĞ ĐĂŵĞƚŽƚŚĞĞŶĚŽĨĂƐĞŶƚĞŶĐĞ͘dŚĞŶŚĞƌĞĂůŝnjĞĚƚŚĂƚŚĞ͛ĚƌĞĂůůLJĂŶĚ ƚƌƵůLJďĞĞŶŚĂǀŝŶŐĚŝĸĐƵůƚLJƚŚŝŶŬŝŶŐŽĨůĂƐƚǁŽƌĚƐ͘ ƐůĂŝŶĞǁĂůŬĞĚďLJŚŝƐŽĸĐĞĚŽŽƌĂŶĚƐŵŝůĞĚĂƚŚŝŵ͕DŝƌƐŬLJǁĂǀĞĚ ŚĞƌŝŶ͘^ŚĞŚĂĚĂŐƌĞĂƚƐŵŝůĞĂŶĚƵƐĞĚŝƚŽŌĞŶ͘ ͞tŚĂƚĚŽLJŽƵĐĂůůƚŚŝƐƉĂƌƚŽĨƚŚĞƐƵďĚŝǀŝƐŝŽŶƌŽĂĚ͍͟ŚĞĂƐŬĞĚ͕ ƉŽŝŶƟŶŐƚŽƚŚĞůŝŶĞŽŶƚŚĞƉůŽƚƉůĂŶ͘ ͞dŚĞĐƵƌď͍͟ƐŚĞĂƐŬĞĚǁŝƚŚŽƵƚŚĞƐŝƚĂƟŽŶ͕ĂƐŝĨŚĞ͛ĚƐƉƌƵŶŐĂƐƵƌƉƌŝƐĞ ƋƵŝnjŽŶŚĞƌ͘ 15 | LITRO


͞tŚLJ͍ƌĞLJŽƵůŽŽŬŝŶŐĨŽƌĂŶŽƚŚĞƌǁŽƌĚĨŽƌĐƵƌď͍,ĂǀĞLJŽƵƚƌŝĞĚƚŚĞ ƚŚĞƐĂƵƌƵƐ͍͟ ^ŚĞŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞŶŽƟĐĞĚƚŚĞƐĂĚůŽŽŬŽŶŚŝƐĨĂĐĞĂƐŚĞŐƌĂďďĞĚƚŚĞƉĞŶ ĂŶĚƋƵŝĐŬůLJǁƌŽƚĞĐƵƌďďĞĨŽƌĞĨŽƌŐĞƫŶŐŝƚĂŐĂŝŶ͘ůĂŝŶĞ͕ŚŝƐǁŝĨĞŽĨ ĂůŵŽƐƚƚŚŝƌƚLJLJĞĂƌƐ͕ĂŶĚƉƌŽƵĚƚŚĂƚƐŚĞǁĂƐƐƟůůĂďůĞƚŽĮƚŝŶƚŽŚĞƌ ƉƌŽŵŐŽǁŶ͕ǁĂůŬĞĚŽǀĞƌĂŶĚŬŝƐƐĞĚƚŚĞƚŽƉŽĨŚŝƐŚĞĂĚ͘ ͞/͛ŵǁŽƌƌŝĞĚ͕͟DŝƌƐŬLJƐĂŝĚƐŽŌůLJ͘͞dŚŝƐŝƐŶ͛ƚĨƵŶŶLJĂŶLJŵŽƌĞ͘͟ ͞/ƚŶĞǀĞƌǁĂƐ͕͟ƐŚĞƐĂŝĚ͘ ͞dŚĞƌĞ͛ƐƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐǁƌŽŶŐ͘͟ ͞zŽƵ͛ƌĞũƵƐƚŽǀĞƌͲǁŽƌŬĞĚĂŶĚƟƌĞĚ͕͟ƐŚĞƐĂŝĚ͕ŬŝƐƐŝŶŐŚŝƐŚĞĂĚĂŐĂŝŶ ĂŶĚƚŚƌŽǁŝŶŐĂůŝƩůĞĞdžƚƌĂǁŝŐŐůĞŝŶƚŽŚĞƌǁĂůŬĂƐƐŚĞůĞŌƚŚĞƌŽŽŵ͘ DŝƌƐŬLJŬŶĞǁŚĞƌ͚ĨŽůůŽǁŵĞ͛ǁŝŐŐůĞǁŚĞŶŚĞƐĂǁŝƚ͕ƐŽŚĞƋƵŝĐŬůLJ ĐĂƉƉĞĚŚŝƐƉĞŶ͕ƚƵƌŶĞĚŽƵƚƚŚĞŽĸĐĞůŝŐŚƚ͕ĂŶĚŚĞĂĚĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞ bedroom. ƐŚĞǁĂƐǁĂůŬŝŶŐďLJƚŚĞŬŝƚĐŚĞŶDŝƌƐŬLJƐĂǁĂůŽĂĨŽĨƌLJĞďƌĞĂĚŽŶ ƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚĞƌ͘,ĞƉĂƵƐĞĚĂŶĚƚƌŝĞĚƚŽƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌǁŚLJŚĞǁĂƐƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐ ŽƵƚƐŝĚĞƚŚĞŬŝƚĐŚĞŶ͘ƵƚŽŵĂƟĐĂůůLJŚŝƐŚĂŶĚŵŽǀĞĚƵƉĂŶĚŚŝƐƚŚƵŵď ĂŶĚĨŽƌĞĮŶŐĞƌŵĂƐƐĂŐĞĚƚŚĞĐƌĞĂƐĞƐďĞƚǁĞĞŶŚŝƐĞLJĞƐĂƐŝĨƚŚĂƚ ǁŽƵůĚĂŶƐǁĞƌƚŚĞƋƵĞƐƟŽŶ͘,ŽǁŶŝĐĞĂƐĂůĂŵŝƐĂŶĚǁŝĐŚǁŽƵůĚ ďĞ͕ŚĞƚŚŽƵŐŚƚ͕ƐŽŚĞƉƵƚƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌĂĚĂŶĚLJŽŶĞǁŝƚŚƐƚŽŶĞŐƌŽƵŶĚ ŵƵƐƚĂƌĚ͕DƵĞŶƐƚĞƌĐŚĞĞƐĞ͕ĂŶĚĂŚƵŐĞŚƵŶŬŽĨůĞƩƵĐĞŽŶƚŚĂƚ ƐĞĞĚĞĚƌLJĞ͘ƐŚĞǁĂƐŽƉĞŶŝŶŐĂĐĂŶŽĨŽŬĞůĂŝŶĞǁĂůŬĞĚŝŶƚŽƚŚĞ ŬŝƚĐŚĞŶŝŶŚĞƌ͚ƚĂŬĞŵĞ͛ŶŝŐŚƚŐŽǁŶ͘ ͞tŚĂƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚƚŽLJŽƵ͍͟ƐŚĞĂƐŬĞĚ͘ ͞ŝƚĞ͍͟DŝƌƐŬLJŽīĞƌĞĚ͕ŚŽůĚŝŶŐŽƵƚŚŝƐƐĂŶĚǁŝĐŚ͘

WĂƵůĞĐŬŵĂŶŝƐĂƌĞĂůĞƐƚĂƚĞƐĂůĞƐŵĂŶ͘^ŽŵĞƟŵĞƐ ŚŝƐĮĐƟŽŶǁƌŝƟŶŐƐŶĞĂŬƐŝŶƚŽŚŝƐƌĞĂůĞƐƚĂƚĞĂĚƐ͘ He earned his MFA from Bennington College. Some publishing credits: dŚĞŽŶŶĞĐƟĐƵƚZĞǀŝĞǁ͕WůĂLJďŽLJ͕ KŶƚŚĞďƵƐ͕^ŚŽƌƚ^ƚŽƌLJ>ŝďƌĂƌLJ͕ϱdƌŽƉĞ͕dŚĞ^ĐƌƵīLJ ŽŐZĞǀŝĞǁ͕&ŝĐƟŽŶtĂƌĞŚŽƵƐĞ͕tĞďĚĞů^Žů͕ >ŽŶŐ^ƚŽƌLJ^ŚŽƌƚ͕WŝƩƐďƵƌŐŚ&ůĂƐŚ&ŝĐƟŽŶ'ĂnjĞƩĞ͕ ZŝǀĞƌďĂďďůĞ͕džƋƵŝƐŝƚĞŽƌƉƐĞ͕ŽůůĞĐƚĞĚƐƚŽƌŝĞƐ͘ĐŽŵ͕ andWŽƐƚĐĂƌĚ^ŚŽƌƚƐ͘ LITRO | 16


Steven Appleby’s work has appeared in newspapers, on television, on Radio 4, on stage at the ICA and in over 20 books. His ŽīĞĞdĂďůĞŽŽŬŽĨŽŽŵ will be published in September, and his website is www.stevenappleby.com 17 | LITRO


KEEPING UP LOUISE PHILLIPS December 31, 1900

d

ŚĞEĞǁzĞĂƌǁĂƐĐĞůĞďƌĂƚĞĚŽƵƚƐŝĚĞƚŚĞĐŝƚLJŚĂůů͘ŶĞdžƚƌĂĨŽƌĐĞ ŽĨƉŽůŝĐĞŚĂĚďĞĞŶĚĞƚĂŝůĞĚƚŽƉƌĞǀĞŶƚĂĐƌƵƐŚ͘ŝƌĐƵůĂƟŽŶǁĂƐ ĚŝĸĐƵůƚ͕ďƵƚĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞƌĞŵĂŝŶĞĚŝŶŚŝŐŚƐƉŝƌŝƚƐ͘dŚĞĐƌŽǁĚƐƐƚƌĞƚĐŚĞĚ ĚŽǁŶƌŽĂĚǁĂLJĂŶĚWĂƌŬZŽǁ͘dŚĞĚĂŝůŝĞƐǁŝůůƌĞƉŽƌƚƚŚĂƚƐĞǀĞƌĂů ǁŽŵĞŶǁĞƌĞƐĂŝĚƚŽŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶĨƌŝŐŚƚĞŶĞĚ͕ĂŶĚƚǁŽŽƌƚŚƌĞĞĨĂŝŶƚĞĚ͘ ͚dŚĞĂĚǀĂŶĐĞŽĨƚŚĞŚƵŵĂŶƌĂĐĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƉĂƐƚϭϬϬLJĞĂƌƐŚĂƐŶŽƚ ďĞĞŶĞƋƵĂůůĞĚďLJƚŚĞƉƌŽŐƌĞƐƐŽĨŵĂŶǁŝƚŚŝŶĂŶLJŽĨƚŚĞƉƌĞĐĞĚŝŶŐ ages.’ dŚĞWƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞŽƵŶĐŝůƐƉŽŬĞ͘dŚĞĐŝƚLJŚĂůůǁĂƐƐƚƌƵŶŐǁŝƚŚƌĞĚ͕ ǁŚŝƚĞ͕ĂŶĚďůƵĞĞůĞĐƚƌŝĐůŝŐŚƚƐ͘DƵƐŝĐǁĂƐƉƌŽǀŝĚĞĚďLJ:ŽŚŶWŚŝůŝƉ ^ŽƵƐĂĂŶĚŚŝƐŵŝůŝƚĂƌLJďĂŶĚ͘dŚĞŚŽƌĂůhŶŝŽŶƐĂŶŐŵĞƌŝĐĂ͕'ŽĚ ůĞƐƐŵĞƌŝĐĂ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞ,ĂůůĞůƵũĂŚŚŽƌƵƐ͘DĞŶďůĞǁŽŶƟŶŚŽƌŶƐ ĂŶĚƉĂƐƐĞĚĞĂĐŚŽƚŚĞƌŇĂƐŬƐŽĨŚŽŵĞŵĂĚĞƐƉŝƌŝƚƐ͘^ŽŵĞŽĨƚŚĞŵ ŐŽƚĂďŝƚƟŐŚƚ͘tŽŵĞŶǁŽƌĞďůŽƵƐĞƐǁŝƚŚďŽŶĞͲƐƟīĞŶĞĚĐŽůůĂƌƐ ǁŚŝĐŚƌĞƐƚƌŝĐƚĞĚƚŚĞŵŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞŝƌŶĞĐŬƐ͖ŝŶƚŚĞĮŶĞƌŚŽŵĞƐŝƚ ŝƐƐƟůůƵŶƚŚŝŶŬĂďůĞƚŽďĞƐĞĞŶůĞĂǀŝŶŐƚŚĞůĂǀĂƚŽƌLJďLJĂŶLJŽŶĞďƵƚĂŶ ŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƌĞůĂƟŽŶ͘ ͚tĞƐŚĂůůƐŽŽŶŶŽƚŽŶůLJďĞĐŝƟnjĞŶƐŽĨĂEĂƟŽŶƌĞĐŽŐŶŝƐĞĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ ƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚĂƐƚŚĞŐƌĞĂƚĞƐƚŽĨĂ^ƚĂƚĞƉƌĞͲĞŵŝŶĞŶƚĂŵŽŶŐ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͕ĂŶĚ ŽĨĂĐŝƚLJŶŽƚŽŶůLJƚŚĞŵĞƚƌŽƉŽůŝƐŽĨƚŚĞtĞƐƚĞƌŶǁŽƌůĚ͕ďƵƚŽĨƚŚĞ ǁŚŽůĞǁŽƌůĚ͛͘ dŚĞĐŚŽŝƌƐƚŽƉƉĞĚƐŝŶŐŝŶŐĂŶĚƚŚĞůŝŐŚƚƐǁĞŶƚŽƵƚũƵƐƚďĞĨŽƌĞƚǁĞůǀĞ͘ dŚĞĐƌŽǁĚƐǁĞƌĞƐŝůĞŶƚĂƐƚŚĞĚĞŶŽƵĞŵĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞ'ŝůĚĞĚŐĞ ƵŶĨŽůĚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞĐŽůĚŶŝŐŚƚ͘dŚĞďĞůůƐŝŶƚŚĞĐůŽĐŬƌĂŶŐŽƵƚƚŚĞŚŽƵƌ͘ dŚĞůŝŐŚƚƐǁĞŶƚďĂĐŬŽŶĂŶĚĮƌĞǁŽƌŬƐĞdžƉůŽĚĞĚŽǀĞƌƚŚĞĐŝƚLJ͘^ŚŝƉƐŝŶ ƚŚĞŚĂƌďŽƵƌďůĞǁƚŚĞŝƌŚŽƌŶƐ͘dŚĞƐƚĂīĂƚdŚĞEĞǁzŽƌŬdŝŵĞƐǁĞŶƚ ƵƉƚŽƚŚĞƌŽŽĨŽĨƚŚĞŝƌWĂƌŬZŽǁŽĸĐĞƐƚŽƐĞƚŽīZŽŵĂŶĐĂŶĚůĞƐĂŶĚ ǁƌŝƚĞĚŽǁŶĚĞƐĐƌŝƉƟŽŶƐŽĨƚŚĞƉLJƌŽƚĞĐŚŶŝĐƐ͘ dŚĞĐƌŽǁĚƐŚĂĚĚŝƐƉĞƌƐĞĚďLJŽŶĞŽ͛ĐůŽĐŬ͘dŚĞĞůĞǀĂƚĞĚƚƌĂŝŶƐŐŽŝŶŐ ƵƉͲƚŽǁŶĂŶĚƚŽƌŽŽŬůLJŶǁĞƌĞƉĂĐŬĞĚ͘/ƚƐŵĞůůĞĚůŝŬĞƐƵůƉŚƵƌ͘Ŷ LITRO | 18


ŝůůƵŵŝŶĂƚĞĚƐŝŐŶĂĐƌŽƐƐƚŚĞĨĂĕĂĚĞŽĨŝƚLJ,ĂůůƌĞĂĚ͚tĞůĐŽŵĞϮϬƚŚ ĞŶƚƵƌLJ͛͘

1913 DĞƚnjWĂƉƚŽůĚŚŝƐŐƌĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶĂďŽƵƚĮŵƚŚĞŽLJWƌŽƉŚĞƚ͕ǁŚŽ ǁƌŽƚĞĂƐĞĐƌĞƚůĞƩĞƌǁĂƌŶŝŶŐƚŚĞŝƌƉĞŽƉůĞŝŶϭϴϱϮ͘,ĞƚŽůĚƚŚĞŵ ĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞƉĞƌƐĞĐƵƟŽŶĂŶĚƚŚĞŵĂƐƐĂĐƌĞƐŝŶϭϴϵϰ͘,ĞƐĂŝĚƚŚĞ ŝŶƐƚƌƵĐƟŽŶƐŝŶĮŵ͛ƐůĞƩĞƌŚĂĚďĞĞŶƚŽŵŽǀĞƚŽĂůŝĨŽƌŶŝĂ͕ǁŚĞƌĞ ƌŵĞŶŝĂŶƐďĞŐĂŶŝŵŵŝŐƌĂƟŶŐĂƚƚŚĞĞŶĚŽĨƚŚĞϭϵƚŚĐĞŶƚƵƌLJ͘ DĞƚnjWĂƉǁĂƐƚǁĞůǀĞǁŚĞŶŚĞĐƌŽƐƐĞĚŽǀĞƌŽŶĂƐƚĞĂŵƐŚŝƉ͕ũƵƐƚ ďĞĨŽƌĞttϭʹũƵƐƚŝŶƟŵĞ͘dŚĞLJƐůĞƉƚŝŶďƵŶŬƐĂďŽǀĞƚŚĞĞŶŐŝŶĞ ƌŽŽŵ͕ǁŝƚŚĂĐůŽƚŚĚŝǀŝĚĞƌƐĞƉĂƌĂƟŶŐƚŚĞǁŽŵĞŶĂŶĚƚŚĞŵĞŶ͘ ,ĞƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌƐƚŚĞŶŽŝƐĞŽĨƚŚĞĮƌĞŵĞŶƐŚŽǀĞůůŝŶŐĐŽĂůƐŝŶƚŽƚŚĞ ĨƵƌŶĂĐĞƐĂŶĚƚŚĞĚƵůůĐŚƵƌŶŽĨƚŚĞĞŶŐŝŶĞƐ͘dŚĞLJĂƚĞďƌĞĂĚĂŶĚ ƐĂƌĚŝŶĞƐĞǀĞƌLJĚĂLJ͘/ƚǁĂƐĚŝĸĐƵůƚƚŽƚŚŝŶŬŽĨĂŶLJƚŚŝŶŐďƵƚĨŽŽĚ͘dŚĞ ƉĂƐƐĞŶŐĞƌƐǁĞŶƚƵƉƚŽƚŚĞĚĞĐŬĨŽƌĂŝƌĂŶĚƚĂůŬĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŝƌŐƌŽƵƉƐ͘ ǀĂŐƌĂŶƚĂůďĂƚƌŽƐƐƌŽĂŵĞĚŽǀĞƌƚŚĞƐŚŝƉƚŚĞŶĚŝƐĂƉƉĞĂƌĞĚŝŶƚŽƚŚĞ ĞŵƉƚLJƐŬLJ͘DĞƚnjWĂƉďĞĨƌŝĞŶĚĞĚĂŶ/ƌŝƐŚďŽLJĂŶĚƐƚĂƌƚĞĚůĞĂƌŶŝŶŐ ŶŐůŝƐŚ͚͘,ĞůůŽ͚͛͘tŚĂƚŝƐƚŚĂƚ͍͚͛dŚŝƐŝƐƚŚĞŽĐĞĂŶ͚͛͘dŚŝƐŝƐĂďŽĂƚ͛͘ ,ŝƐĨƌŝĞŶĚŚĂŶĚĞĚŚŝŵĂƉŽƐƚĐĂƌĚŽĨĂŶĂĐƚƵĂůƚŽƉůĞƐƐǁŽŵĂŶŝŶ ƐƚŽĐŬŝŶŐƐƌĞĐůŝŶŝŶŐŽŶĂĚŝǀĂŶ͚͘^ŚĞ͛Ɛ&ƌĞŶĐŚ͛͘^ŚĞƐŵŝůĞĚĂŶĚŚĞůĚĂ ĐŝŐĂƌĞƩĞŝŶĂŚŽůĚĞƌĂŶĚĚŝĚŶ͛ƚƐĞĞŵƚŽŵŝŶĚďĞŝŶŐƉŚŽƚŽŐƌĂƉŚĞĚ ŶĂŬĞĚ͘ dŚĞLJƌĞĂĐŚĞĚEĞǁzŽƌŬŝƚLJĂŌĞƌĞŝŐŚƚĞĞŶĚĂLJƐĂƚƐĞĂ͘ǀĞƌLJŽŶĞ ĐĂŵĞƵƉƚŽƚŚĞĚĞĐŬǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŝƌďƵŶĚůĞƐĂŶĚƚƌƵŶŬƐ͘DĞƚnjWĂƉǁŝůůƐĂLJ ƚŽŚŝƐŐƌĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͚͗dŚĞƌĞŝƐŶŽƚŚŝŶŐLJŽƵǁŝůůĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞŝŶLJŽƵƌ ůŝĨĞƟŵĞƐǁŚŝĐŚĐĂŶĐŽŵƉĂƌĞƚŽƚŚĞƐŝŐŚƚŽĨƚŚĞ^ƚĂƚƵĞŽĨ>ŝďĞƌƚLJĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞĚĞĐŬŽĨƚŚĂƚƐŚŝƉ͘DŽƐƚŽĨƵƐŚĂĚŶĞǀĞƌůĞŌŽƵƌǀŝůůĂŐĞƐŽƌƐĞĞŶ ŽĐĞĂŶďĞĨŽƌĞ͘dŚĞƌĞŝƐŶŽƚŚŝŶŐLJŽƵǁŝůůĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞŝŶLJŽƵƌůŝĨĞƟŵĞ ǁŚŝĐŚĐŽƵůĚĐŽŵƉĂƌĞƚŽƚŚĂƚƐŝŐŚƚ͛͘ dŚĞĂůŝĞŶƐĚĞďĂƌŬĞĚĂƚůůŝƐ/ƐůĂŶĚ͘dŚĞLJůŝŶĞĚƵƉŽƵƚƐŝĚĞƚŚĞŵĂŝŶ ďƵŝůĚŝŶŐ͕ĐůƵƚĐŚŝŶŐǀĂůŝƐĞƐĂŶĚĐůŝƉƉŝŶŐƐĨƌŽŵǀŝŶĞLJĂƌĚƐ͘DŽƐƚŽĨƚŚĞ ǁŽŵĞŶǁŽƌĞŚĞĂĚƐĐĂƌǀĞƐ͘dŚĞŵĞŶǁŽƌĞƐƵŝƚƐĂŶĚƐĐƵīĞĚǁŽƌŬ ƚƐ͕ĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞǁĂƐƚƌLJŝŶŐƚŽůŽŽŬƐŵĂƌƚ͘EŽƉƵƐŚŝŶŐŽƌƐŚŽǀŝŶŐ͚͘tĞ ǁĞƌĞĂůůƐĐĂƌĞĚ͕͛ŚĞƚĞůůƐŚŝƐŐƌĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͚͘tĞĂƐŬĞĚ'ŽĚƚŽŬĞĞƉƵƐ ƐĂĨĞ͘ǀĞƌLJŽŶĞŬŶĞǁƐŽŵĞďŽĚLJǁŚŽŚĂĚďĞĞŶƐĞŶƚďĂĐŬ͛͘

19 | LITRO


dŚĞĂƌƌŝǀĂůƐĐůŝŵďĞĚƚŚĞƐƚĂŝƌƐƚŽƚŚĞ'ƌĞĂƚ,Ăůů͕ƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƚĞƐƚ͘ŽĐƚŽƌƐ ƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐĂƚƚŚĞƚŽƉŵĂƌŬĞĚƚŚĞĞŶƚƌLJĐĂƌĚƐŽĨƚŚĞƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚŽŚĂĚ ƚƌŽƵďůĞĐůŝŵďŝŶŐ͘dŚĞLJůŝŶĞĚƵƉĨŽƌĂŶŽƚŚĞƌŵĞĚŝĐĂůĞdžĂŵ͕ƌŽǁĂŌĞƌ ƌŽǁŽĨŚŽƉĞĨƵůĨĂĐĞƐĐƌĞĂƐĞĚǁŝƚŚƐƚƌĞƐƐ͘ dŚĞĚŽĐƚŽƌŇŝƉƉĞĚďĂĐŬDĞƚnjWĂƉ͛ƐĞLJĞůŝĚƐǁŝƚŚĂŚŽŽŬ͘,ĞŚĞůĚ ƚŚĞŵĨŽƌĂůŽŶŐƟŵĞ͕ƵŶƟůƚĞĂƌƐƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƐƚƌĞĂŵŝŶŐĚŽǁŶDĞƚnjWĂƉ͛Ɛ ĐŚĞĞŬƐ͘dŚĞĚŽĐƚŽƌŵĂƌŬĞĚĂŶ͟͞ŽŶŚŝƐĞŶƚƌLJĐŚĂƌƚ͘,ĞŚĂĚĨĂŝůĞĚ the medical. ͚/ŚĂĚŶŽƟĐĞĚŝŶůĂƌŐĞĐƌŽǁĚƐƚŚĂƚĂĚƵůƚƐĚŽŶ͛ƚƉĂLJĂƐŵƵĐŚŵŝŶĚƚŽ ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͕͛DĞƚnjWĂƉǁŝůůƌĞĐĂůůǁŝƚŚĂǁŝŶŬĂƚŚŝƐŐƌĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͕͚^Ž/ ƚƵĐŬĞĚƚŚĞĞŶƚƌLJĐĂƌĚƵŶĚĞƌŵLJƐǁĞĂƚĞƌĂŶĚŚŝĚƚŚĞƌĞƐƵůƚƐŽĨƚŚĞ test.’ ,ĞǁĂƚĐŚĞĚƚŚĞŐƵĂƌĚƐĂŶĚƚŚĞƉĞŽƉůĞŚĞŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽũŽŝŶĮůŝŶŐ ƉĂƐƚŚŝŵ͘,ĞǁĂŝƚĞĚƚŽũŽŝŶƚŚĞĐƌŽǁĚ͕ůŝŬĞƐŽŵĞŽŶĞůŽŽŬŝŶŐĨŽƌƚŚĞ ƉĞƌĨĞĐƚŵŽŵĞŶƚƚŽũƵŵƉďĞƚǁĞĞŶƚǁŽƐŬŝƉƉŝŶŐƌŽƉĞƐ͘ ͚ŝĚLJŽƵŐĞƚƉĂƐƚƚŚĞŐƵĂƌĚƐDĞƚnjWĂƉ͍͛ ͚tŚĂƚĂƋƵĞƐƟŽŶ͊tŚĞƌĞĂƌĞLJŽƵƐŝƫŶŐƌŝŐŚƚŶŽǁ͍͛ dŚĞŽĸĐŝĂůƐĂƚůůŝƐ/ƐůĂŶĚĚŝĚŶŽƚďĂƉƟƐĞŝŵŵŝŐƌĂŶƚƐǁŝƚŚŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŶĂŵĞƐ͘dŚĞLJƵƐĞĚƚŚĞŶĂŵĞƐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞŵĂŶŝĨĞƐƚƐƚŚĞĞŵƉůŽLJĞĞƐŽĨ ,ŽůůĂŶĚŵĞƌŝĐĂ͕ƵŶĂƌĚ͕ĂŶĚtŚŝƚĞ^ƚĂƌ>ŝŶĞŚĂĚĐŽŵƉŝůĞĚĂƚƚŚĞ ŽƚŚĞƌĞŶĚŽĨƚŚĞƚůĂŶƟĐ͘DĞƚnjWĂƉ͛ƐƐƵƌŶĂŵĞĚŽĞƐŶŽƚĂƉƉĞĂƌŝŶƚŚĞ WŽƌƚŽĨEĞǁzŽƌŬWĂƐƐĞŶŐĞƌZĞĐŽƌĚƐ͘dŚĞƌĞŝƐĂ͚<ĂƌĚĂĐŚŝĂŶ͕͛ĂŶĚĂ ͚ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶ͕͛ďƵƚƚŚĞƌĞĂƌĞŶŽŶĂŵĞƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ>ĂƟŶĂůƉŚĂďĞƚƐƉĞůůŝŶŐ ƚŚĂƚDĞƚnjWĂƉĂŶĚŚŝƐĚĞƐĐĞŶĚĂŶƚƐǁŝůůƵƐĞ͚͗<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶ͛͘

1994 ͚tŚĂƚŝƐLJŽƵƌŶĂŵĞ͍͛ ͚KƌĞŶƚŚĂů:ĂŵĞƐ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛͘ ͚tŚĂƚŝƐLJŽƵƌĂĚĚƌĞƐƐ͍͛ ͚ϯϲϬEŽƌƚŚZŽĐŬŝŶŐŚĂŵǀĞŶƵĞ͛͘

LITRO | 20


͚ŝĚLJŽƵĚƌŝǀĞƚŽϴϳϱ^ŽƵƚŚƵŶĚLJƌŝǀĞŽŶƚŚĞĞǀĞŶŝŶŐŽĨ:ƵŶĞϭϯ͕ ϭϵϵϰ͍͛ ͚EŽ͛͘ dŚĞƌĞƟƌĞĚĨŽŽƚďĂůůƉůĂLJĞƌĂŶĚďƌŽĂĚĐĂƐƚĞƌK͘:͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶƚĂŬĞƐĂ ƉŽůLJŐƌĂƉŚƚĞƐƚƚǁŽĚĂLJƐĂŌĞƌƚŚĞŵƵƌĚĞƌŽĨŚŝƐĞdžͲǁŝĨĞEŝĐŽůĞ͘^ŚĞ ǁĂƐƐƚĂďďĞĚƚŽĚĞĂƚŚĂůŽŶŐƐŝĚĞŚĞƌĨƌŝĞŶĚZŽŶĂůĚ'ŽůĚŵĂŶĂƚƚŚĞ ĞŶƚƌĂŶĐĞŽĨŚĞƌƌĞŶƚǁŽŽĚĐŽŶĚŽŵŝŶŝƵŵǁŚŝůĞŚĞƌĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƐůĞƉƚ inside. dŚĞĂƩŽƌŶĞLJƐZŽďĞƌƚ^ŚĂƉŝƌŽ͕ZŽďĞƌƚ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶ͕ĂŶĚ>ĞƌŽLJ͚^ŬŝƉ͛ dĂŌǁĂŝƚĨŽƌƚŚĞŝƌĐůŝĞŶƚŝŶĂƌĞĐĞƉƟŽŶƌŽŽŵǁŝƚŚŇƵŽƌĞƐĐĞŶƚůŝŐŚƚ ƉĂŶĞůƐĂŶĚĐŚĂŝƌƐǁŚŝĐŚŚŝƐƐǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJƐŚŝŌƚŚĞŝƌǁĞŝŐŚƚ͘ZŽďĞƌƚ <ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶŚĂƐŚŝƐĞůďŽǁƐŽŶŚŝƐŬŶĞĞƐĂŶĚŚĞ͛ƐŚŽůĚŝŶŐŚŝƐŚĞĂĚŝŶ his hands. ͚dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞĚĞŐƌĞĞƐŽĨŐƵŝůƚ͕͛^ŚĂƉŝƌŽƐĂLJƐ͚͘/ĨEŝĐŽůĞǁĂƐƐĞĞŝŶŐƚŚŝƐ ŬŝĚ͘/ĨK:ǁĂƐƉƵƐŚĞĚƚŽƚŚĞĞĚŐĞ͙͛ dŚĞĚŝƐĐŽƌĚĂŶƚŶŽƚĞƐŝŶƚĞŶƐŝĨLJƚŚĞƐŝůĞŶĐĞ͘ƐŽƵƌĐĞĐůŽƐĞƚŽƚŚĞ ŝŶǀĞƐƟŐĂƟŽŶŚĂƐƚŽůĚƚŚĞ>ŽƐŶŐĞůĞƐdŝŵĞƐthat an arrest of their ĐůŝĞŶƚŝƐŝŵŵŝŶĞŶƚ͘dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞƌƵŵŽƵƌƐƚŚĞƉŽůŝĐĞŚĂǀĞĨŽƵŶĚĂƐŬŝ ŵĂƐŬĂŶĚĂďůŽŽĚLJŐůŽǀĞ͘dĂŌŝƐ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛ƐďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐŵĂŶĂŐĞƌĂŶĚ <ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶŚĂƐďĞĞŶK͘:͛͘ƐĨƌŝĞŶĚĨŽƌƚǁĞŶƚLJͲĮǀĞLJĞĂƌƐ͘K͘:͘ŝƐƚŚĞ ŐŽĚĨĂƚŚĞƌŽĨZŽďĞƌƚ͛ƐĚĂƵŐŚƚĞƌ<ŝŵďĞƌůLJ͘zĞƐƚĞƌĚĂLJEŝĐŽůĞǁĂƐ ƐƵƉƉŽƐĞĚƚŽŚĂǀĞůƵŶĐŚǁŝƚŚZŽďĞƌƚ͛ƐĞdžͲǁŝĨĞ<ƌŝƐ͘ ^ŚĂƉŝƌŽŚĂƐĂƐŬĞĚ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶƚŽƌĞĂĐƟǀĂƚĞŚŝƐĞdžƉŝƌĞĚůĂǁůŝĐĞŶĐĞ͘ ,ĞŽŶůLJǁĞŶƚŝŶƚŽůĂǁƚŽĂǀŽŝĚƚŚĞĨĂŵŝůLJďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐ͘dŚĞ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶƐ ŽǁŶĞĚƚŚĞůĂƌŐĞƐƚŵĞĂƚͲƉĂĐŬŝŶŐĮƌŵŝŶ^ŽƵƚŚĞƌŶĂůŝĨŽƌŶŝĂ͘,ŝƐ ĨĂƚŚĞƌƌƚŚƵƌĐĂŶƚĞůůǁŚĂƚĐŽůŽƵƌƚŚĞďĞĞĨǁŝůůďĞǁŚĞŶŚĞůŽŽŬƐ ĂƚĂĐĂůĨ͘tŚĞŶZŽďĞƌƚǁĂƐůŝƩůĞŚŝƐĚĂĚƚŽŽŬŚŝŵŽŶƚŽƚŚĞŇŽŽƌ ŽĨƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶůŝŶĞŝŶƌƵďďĞƌƚƐĂŶĚĂŵĞƐŚĂƉƌŽŶƚŽǁĂƚĐŚ ƚŚĞǁŽƌŬĞƌƐŚĂĐŬŝŶŐĂƚƚŚĞƐŝĚĞƐŚĂŶŐŝŶŐĨƌŽŵĂƚƌŽůůĞLJ͘dŚĞLJƐƚŽŽĚ ŽƵƚƐŝĚĞĂŶĚǁĂƚĐŚĞĚƚŚĞĐŽǁƐĞŶƚĞƌŝŶŐƚŚĞďƵŝůĚŝŶŐŝŶƐŝŶŐůĞĮůĞ͕ ƚŚĞŶĚƌŽǀĞŚŽŵĞŝŶƌƚŚƵƌ͛ƐZŽůůƐZŽLJĐĞ͘ ͚zŽƵƌŐƌĂŶĚĨĂƚŚĞƌĐĂŵĞŚĞƌĞǁŝƚŚŶŽƚŚŝŶŐ͕͛ƌƚŚƵƌƚŽůĚŚŝŵ͚͘dŚŝƐŝƐ ƚŚĞŐƌĞĂƚĞƐƚĐŽƵŶƚƌLJŝŶƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚ͛͘ EŝĐŽůĞ͛ƐŵĞƌŝĐĂŶĨĂƚŚĞƌŵĞƚŚĞƌŵŽƚŚĞƌŝŶtĞƐƚ'ĞƌŵĂŶLJǁŚĞŶŚĞ ǁĂƐƚŚĞĐŝƌĐƵůĂƟŽŶŵĂŶĂŐĞƌĨŽƌ^ƚĂƌƐĂŶĚ^ƚƌŝƉĞƐ͘>ŽƵĂŶĚ:ƵĚŝƚŚĂ͘ 21 | LITRO


ZŽďĞƌƚ͛ƐŵĞƚƚŚĞŵŵĂŶLJƟŵĞƐ͘EŝĐŽůĞĂƉƉĞĂƌƐƚŽZŽďĞƌƚŝŶĂ ĐŽŶƐƚĂŶƚƐƚƌĞĂŵŽĨƵŶďŝĚĚĞŶŵĞŵŽƌŝĞƐ͘dŚĞ>WƐŽƵƌĐĞƚŽůĚ>ŽƐ ŶŐĞůĞƐdŝŵĞƐƚŚĂƚĂŶĂƌƌĞƐƚǁĂƐďĞŝŶŐĚĞůĂLJĞĚƵŶƟůĨŽƌĞŶƐŝĐƚĞƐƚƐ ĂƌĞĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞĚ͘ZŽďĞƌƚƌĂŬĞƐŚŝƐĮŶŐĞƌƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŚŝƐŚĂŝƌ͘ dŚĞƉŽůLJŐƌĂƉŚƚĂŬĞƐŚĂůĨĂŶŚŽƵƌ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶũŽŝŶƐƚŚĞŵŝŶƚŚĞǁĂŝƟŶŐ ƌŽŽŵǁŚŝůĞƚŚĞĞdžĂŵŝŶĞƌŐƌĂĚĞƐƚŚĞƚĞƐƚ͘,ĞƐŝƚƐďĞƐŝĚĞ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶ͘ ͚dŚĂƚǁĂƐƚŽƵŐŚ͘/ŚŽƉĞƚŚŽƐĞƚŚŝŶŐƐĂƌĞƚƌƵĞďůƵĞ͘ǀĞƌLJƟŵĞŚĞƐĂŝĚ EŝĐŽůĞ͛ƐŶĂŵĞŵLJŚĞĂƌƚƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƉŽƵŶĚŝŶŐĂŶĚ/ĐŽƵůĚƐĞĞƚŚĞĚŝĂů bouncing.’ ͚K͘:͘ƚŚŝƐƚĞƐƚŝƐĨŽƌŽƵƌŽǁŶƉƵƌƉŽƐĞƐ͘EŽƚŚŝŶŐǁŝůůůĞĂǀĞƚŚŝƐƌŽŽŵ͕͛ Shapiro says. <ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶƚƵƌŶƐƚŽĨĂĐĞŚŝƐĨƌŝĞŶĚ͘zĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͕ƚŚĞƚǁŽŵĞŶŚĂĚ ŽƉĞŶĞĚĂĨƌŽnjĞŶLJŽŐŚƵƌƚƐƚŽƌĞŝŶtĞƐƚǁŽŽĚĂŶĚůŽƐƚŵŽŶĞLJŝŶĂ ďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐĐĂůůĞĚŽŶĐĞƌƚŝŶĞŵĂ͘/ƚŚĂĚŶ͛ƚĂīĞĐƚĞĚƚŚĞŝƌĨƌŝĞŶĚƐŚŝƉ͘ ZŽďĞƌƚŚĂƐĂůǁĂLJƐƚŚŽƵŐŚƚLJŽƵƌĞĂůůLJŐĞƚƚŽŬŶŽǁƐŽŵĞŽŶĞǁŚĞŶLJŽƵ lose money together. ͚dŚĞƌĞǁĞƌĞƚǁŽEŝĐŽůĞƐ͘tŚĞŶƐŚĞǁĂƐďĞĞĮŶŐǁŝƚŚŵĞ/ǁĂƐůŝŬĞĂ ďĂƩĞƌĞĚŚƵƐďĂŶĚ͛͘ ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛ƐůĞŐƐ͕ƚƵĐŬĞĚŝŶƚŽƌŚŽŵďŝĐĂŶŐůĞƐ͕ďŽƵŶĐĞǁŝůĚůLJ͘,Ğ ƉĞƌĨŽƌĂƚĞƐƚŚĞĞůĞĐƚƌŝĐŚƵŵŽĨƚŚĞƌŽŽŵǁŝƚŚĂǀŽǁĂůƐŽĨŝŶŶŽĐĞŶĐĞ ĂŶĚĂƐƚƌĞĂŵŽĨĐŽŶƐĐŝŽƵƐŶĞƐƐŵŽŶŽůŽŐƵĞĚŝƌĞĐƚĞĚĂƚŚŝƐĞdžͲǁŝĨĞ͘ ͚tŚĂƚǁĞƌĞLJŽƵƚƌLJŝŶŐƚŽƉƌŽǀĞ͍/ƵŶĚĞƌƐƚĂŶĚ͕LJŽƵǁĞƌĞŐŽŝŶŐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĂƚƚŚŝƌƟĞƐƚŚŝŶŐ͘Ƶƚ/ǁĂƐǁŽƌƌŝĞĚĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞƉĞŽƉůĞLJŽƵ ŚĂĚĂƌŽƵŶĚƚŚĞŬŝĚƐ͊/ĂůǁĂLJƐƚƌŝĞĚƚŽĚŽƚŚĞƌŝŐŚƚƚŚŝŶŐ͕ŽďďLJ͛͘ ͚/ŬŶŽǁLJŽƵĚŝĚ:ƵŝĐĞ͛͘ dŚĞĞdžĂŵŝŶĞƌĐĂůůƐƚŚĞůĂǁLJĞƌƐŝŶƚŽŚŝƐŽĸĐĞƚŽƚĞůůƚŚĞŵƚŚĞŝƌĐůŝĞŶƚ ŚĂƐĨĂŝůĞĚǁŝƚŚĂŵŝŶƵƐϮϮ͘ ͚dŚĂƚŝƐĂŶĞdžƚƌĞŵĞůLJƉŽŽƌƌĞƐƵůƚ͘,ŽǁĞǀĞƌ͘͘͘Dƌ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛ƐƚĞƐƚǁĂƐ ĂĚŵŝŶŝƐƚĞƌĞĚĂƚĂƟŵĞŽĨŐƌĞĂƚƐƚƌĞƐƐ͘ŚĂŶŐĞƐŝŶŚĞĂƌƚďĞĂƚĂŶĚ ďůŽŽĚƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞĐĂŶŚĂǀĞŵƵůƟƉůĞĐĂƵƐĞƐ͛͘ tŚĞŶ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶĮŶĚƐŽƵƚŚĞĨĂŝůĞĚŚĞǁĂŶƚƐƚŽƐĐŚĞĚƵůĞĂƌĞͲƚĞƐƚ͘ ^ŚĂƉŝƌŽŝƐƵŶƌƵŋĞĚĂŶĚƵŶƐƵƌƉƌŝƐĞĚ͘,ĞƚĂŬĞƐƚŚĞĞŶǀĞůŽƉĞǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ LITRO | 22


ƌĞƐƵůƚƐ͘dŚĞĞdžĂŵŝŶĞƌǁĂůŬƐƚŚĞŵƚŽƚŚĞĞůĞǀĂƚŽƌůŽďďLJ͘dŚĞƐŝdžͲƐƚŽƌLJ ,ĂƌďŽƌƵŝůĚŝŶŐǁĞŶƚƵƉŝŶƚŚĞůĂƚĞϭϵϱϬƐĂŶĚƚŚĞǁĂůůƐĂƌĞŵĂƌďůĞ͘ /ƚǁĂƐďƵŝůƚŽŶƚŚĞƐŝƚĞŽĨƚŚĞŽůĚ'ĞƩLJŵĂŶƐŝŽŶ͕ǁŚŝĐŚĂƉƉĞĂƌĞĚŝŶ ƚŚĞŵŽǀŝĞƐZĞďĞůtŝƚŚŽƵƚĂĂƵƐĞand ^ƵŶƐĞƚŽƵůĞǀĂƌĚ͖ŝƚ͛ƐǁŚĞƌĞ tŝůůŝĂŵ,ŽůĚĞŶǁĂƐĨŽƵŶĚŝŶƚŚĞƉŽŽů͘ dŚĞĞůĞǀĂƚŽƌĂƌƌŝǀĞƐ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶƐĂLJƐŚĞǁĂŶƚƐƚŽƚĂŬĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ ƉŽůLJŐƌĂƉŚ͘^ŬŝƉdĂŌŚŽůĚƐƚŚĞĚŽŽƌŽƉĞŶǁŚŝůĞƚŚĞĞdžĂŵŝŶĞƌƐŚĂŬĞƐ ĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞ͛ƐŚĂŶĚ͘dŚĞĞdžĂŵŝŶĞƌŶŽƟĐĞĚƐĞǀĞƌĂůŐĂƐŚĞƐŽŶ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛Ɛ ůĞŌŬŶƵĐŬůĞƐĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞĞdžĂŵŝŶĂƟŽŶ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛ƐƉĂůŵŝƐŵŽŝƐƚĂŶĚ <ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶ͛ƐŝƐĨƌŝŐŝĚ͘ ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶŝƐƐƚĂLJŝŶŐǁŝƚŚ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶĂŶĚŚŝƐĮĂŶĐĠĞĞŶŝĐĞĂƚƚŚĞŝƌ ƌĞŶƚĞĚŚŽƵƐĞŝŶƚŚĞ^ĂŶ&ĞƌŶĂŶĚŽsĂůůĞLJ͘/ƚŝƐƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƟŵĞK͘:͘ŚĂƐ ǀŝƐŝƚĞĚ͘dŚĞŵĞŶĚƌŝŌĞĚĂƉĂƌƚĂŌĞƌƚŚĞŝƌĚŝǀŽƌĐĞƐďƵƚǁŚĞŶZŽďĞƌƚ ŚĞĂƌĚĂďŽƵƚEŝĐŽůĞŚĞ͛ĚĚƌŝǀĞŶƐƚƌĂŝŐŚƚƚŽZŽĐŬŝŶŐŚĂŵ͘ ͚/͛ŵĂĐůŽƐĞĨƌŝĞŶĚŽĨDƌ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛Ɛ͕͛ŚĞ͛ĚƚŽůĚƚŚĞƉŽůŝĐĞ͚͘/͛ŵŽŶĞŽĨ Dƌ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛ƐŽůĚĞƐƚĨƌŝĞŶĚƐ͛͘ /ŶƉƌŝů͕ZŽďĞƌƚĨĞůƚŚƵƌƚǁŚĞŶŚĞŚĞĂƌĚƚŚĂƚK͘:͘ĂŶĚEŝĐŽůĞǁĞƌĞ ŝŶ>ŽƐĂďŽƐǁŝƚŚ<ƌŝƐ͕ŚĞƌŶĞǁŚƵƐďĂŶĚƌƵĐĞ:ĞŶŶĞƌĂŶĚƚŚĞŬŝĚƐ͘ :ĞŶŶĞƌǁĂƐŶŝĐŬŶĂŵĞĚ͚ƚŚĞtŽƌůĚ͛Ɛ'ƌĞĂƚĞƐƚƚŚůĞƚĞ͛ĂŌĞƌƚŚĞϭϵϳϲ KůLJŵƉŝĐƐǁŚĞŶŚĞƌĞĐůĂŝŵĞĚƚŚĞĚĞĐĂƚŚůŽŶĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ^ŽǀŝĞƚƐ͘<ƌŝƐ ƐƚĂƌƐǁŝƚŚŚŝŵŝŶŝŶĨŽŵĞƌĐŝĂůƐĨŽƌĂůŝŶĞŽĨƉŽƌƚĂďůĞƐƚĂŝƌͲĐůŝŵďŝŶŐ ŵĂĐŚŝŶĞƐ͕͚^ƵƉĞƌĮƚǁŝƚŚƌƵĐĞ:ĞŶŶĞƌ͛͘dŚĞ:ĞŶŶĞƌƐǁĞƌĞŽŶƚŚĞ ĐŽǀĞƌŽĨŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ&ŝƚŶĞƐƐŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞŝŶ:ĂŶƵĂƌLJĂŶĚ<ƌŝƐƐĂŝĚƚŚĞŝƌ ĚƌĞĂŵŝƐƚŽĐŽͲŚŽƐƚĂƐŚŽǁ͘ dŚĞƐƵŶŝƐƐĞƫŶŐǁŚĞŶZŽďĞƌƚƉƵůůƐŽƵƚŽĨƚŚĞůŽƚ͘ǀĞƌLJƟŵĞŚĞ ĚƌŝǀĞƐƉĂƐƚƚŚĞǁŚŝƚĞĂƌƚŵŽĚĞƌŶĞďƵŝůĚŝŶŐŽŶtŝůƐŚŝƌĞŽƵůĞǀĂƌĚŚĞ ǁŝůůƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌǁŚĂƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚŝŶƐŝĚĞ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶƉƵůůƐĂǀŝƐŽƌŽǀĞƌŚŝƐ ĞLJĞƐ͘dŚĞLJƉĂƐƐďŝůůďŽĂƌĚƐĨŽƌƚŚĞŵŽǀŝĞƐ^ƉĞĞĚ͕dŚĞDĂƐŬ͕ and ůĞĂƌ ĂŶĚWƌĞƐĞŶƚĂŶŐĞƌ͘ ͚tŚLJǁĂƐŶ͛ƚ/ƚŚĞƌĞƚŽƉƌŽƚĞĐƚŚĞƌŽďďLJ͍KŚEŝĐŽůĞ͊EŝĐŽůĞ͊͛ dŚĞŚŝŐŚǁĂLJůŝŐŚƚƐƉŽƉŽŶĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞϭϬϭ͘ƐŽƵŶĚůŝŬĞƚŚĞƌŽĂƌŽĨĂ ĐƌŽǁĚũƵƐƚŝŶƐŝĚĞZŽďĞƌƚ͛ƐĞĂƌƐďůŽĐŬƐŽƵƚŵŽƐƚŽĨ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ͛ƐĚŝƌŐĞĨŽƌ ŚŝƐůĂƚĞĞdžͲǁŝĨĞ͘dŚĞLJĚŽŶŽƚůŝƐƚĞŶƚŽƚŚĞƌĂĚŝŽ͘ZŽďĞƌƚĂǀŽŝĚƐůŽŽŬŝŶŐ at his friend. ͚tĞŵĞƚƚŚĞƐĞƉƵƌĞ͕ŝŶŶŽĐĞŶƚŐŝƌůƐĂŶĚǁĞŐĂǀĞƚŚĞŵĨƵƌƐĂŶĚ 23 | LITRO


ƐŚŽǁĞĚƚŚĞŵ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚ͘ŶĚůŽŽŬǁŚĂƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚ͕͛^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ laments. ͚'ŽĚŝƐŝŶĐŚĂƌŐĞ͕K͘:͛͘ZŽďĞƌƚƐĂLJƐ͘ KŶĞŚƵŶĚƌĞĚŵŝůůŝŽŶƉĞŽƉůĞǁŝůůǁĂƚĐŚZŽďĞƌƚ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐ ďĞƐŝĚĞŚŝƐĨƌŝĞŶĚǁŚĞŶƚŚĞǀĞƌĚŝĐƚŝŶŚŝƐƚĞůĞǀŝƐĞĚŵƵƌĚĞƌƚƌŝĂůŝƐ ĚĞůŝǀĞƌĞĚ͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶŝƐŽŶĞŚĞĂĚƚĂůůĞƌ͕ƐŽŝŶŝƟĂůůLJŽŶůLJZŽďĞƌƚ͛ƐŶŽƐĞ͕ ǁŝƌĞŐůĂƐƐĞƐ͕ĂŶĚǁŚŝƚĞƐƚƌĞĂŬĞĚƉŽŵƉĂĚŽƵƌǁŝůůďĞǀŝƐŝďůĞŝŶƚŚĞ ůĞŌͲŚĂŶĚĐŽƌŶĞƌŽĨƚŚĞƐĐƌĞĞŶ͘ZŽďĞƌƚǁŝůůďůŝŶŬŚĂƌĚǁŚĞŶƚŚĞĮƌƐƚ ǀĞƌĚŝĐƚŝƐƌĞĂĚ͘,ĞǁŝůůƚƵƌŶƚŚƌĞĞƟŵĞƐƚŽĨĂĐĞŚŝƐĨĂŵŽƵƐĨƌŝĞŶĚ͕ďƵƚ ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶǁŝůůŶŽƚŶŽƟĐĞŚŝŵ͘dŚĞĐĂŵĞƌĂǁŝůůƉƵůůďĂĐŬĂŶĚ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ ǁŝůůŐƌŝŶĂŶĚŵŽƵƚŚ͕dŚĂŶŬLJŽƵ͕ƚŽƚŚĞũƵƌLJ͕ďƵƚZŽďĞƌƚǁŝůůŶŽƚƐŵŝůĞ͘

2010 WƌŽĐƚŽƌΘ'ĂŵďůĞŽ͛͘ƐŚĂƌŵŝŶďƌĂŶĚŶĂŵĞƚŽŝůĞƚƉĂƉĞƌŽƉĞƌĂƚĞƐ ƉƵďůŝĐƌĞƐƚƌŽŽŵƐŝŶdŝŵĞƐ^ƋƵĂƌĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞŚŽůŝĚĂLJƐ͘WŚŽƚŽŐƌĂƉŚĞƌƐ ďĞŐŝŶĂƌƌŝǀŝŶŐĂŶŚŽƵƌďĞĨŽƌĞƚŚĞϱƚŚŶŶƵĂůŚĂƌŵŝŶZĞƐƚƌŽŽŵƐ ZŝďďŽŶƵƫŶŐĞƌĞŵŽŶLJ͘DĞƚĂůďĂƌƌŝĐĂĚĞƐĂŶĚĂǀĞůǀĞƚƌŽƉĞĂƌĞ ƐĞƚƵƉŽŶƚŚĞƉĂǀĞŵĞŶƚĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƚŽƚŚĞ'ĂƉ͘dŚĞEĂŬĞĚŽǁďŽLJ ǁĂŶĚĞƌƐŽǀĞƌƚŽŚĂǀĞŚŝƐƉŝĐƚƵƌĞƚĂŬĞŶǁĞĂƌŝŶŐŚĂƌŵŝŶƵŶĚĞƌǁĞĂƌ͘ WĞŽƉůĞĐŽŵĞƵƉƚŽƚŚĞŐĂƚĞƐƚŽĂƐŬǁŚĂƚ͛ƐŐŽŝŶŐŽŶ͕ƚŚĞŶƐĂLJ͕͚KŶůLJ ŝŶEĞǁzŽƌŬ͛͘WƌŝǀĂƚĞƐĞĐƵƌŝƚLJŐƵĂƌĚƐǁŝƚŚƌĂĚŝŽĞĂƌƉŝĞĐĞƐǁĂŝƚŽŶ ƚŚĞƌĞĚĐĂƌƉĞƚďLJƚŚĞĚŽŽƌƐ͘dŚĞLJĐĂŶƐĞĞƚŚĞŶĞǁƐƟĐŬĞƌĐƌĂǁůŝŶŐ ĂƌŽƵŶĚKŶĞdŝŵĞƐ^ƋƵĂƌĞ͗EŽƌƚŚĂŶĚ^ŽƵƚŚ<ŽƌĞĂ,ĂǀĞdžĐŚĂŶŐĞĚ ƌƟůůĞƌLJ&ŝƌĞ͘WĂŬŝƐƚĂŶ,ĂƐ^ƚŽƉƉĞĚĂŶůͲYĂĞĚĂKīĞŶƐŝǀĞ͘h͘^͘ ŽƌƉŽƌĂƚĞWƌŽĮƚƐZŽƐĞŝŶdŚŝƌĚYƵĂƌƚĞƌ͘ /ŶĂŚŽƚĞůƐƵŝƚĞŝŶ>ŽǁĞƌDĂŶŚĂƩĂŶ͕ĂƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶƚƵƐĞƐĂ ŚĂŝƌĚƌLJĞƌƚŽǁĂƌŵƚŚĞŚŽŽŬƐŽŶĂƉĂŝƌŽĨĞĂƌƌŝŶŐƐ͘ŵĂŬĞƵƉĂƌƟƐƚ ƚĞůůƐ<ŝŵďĞƌůLJ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶƚŽŚŽůĚŚĞƌďƌĞĂƚŚ͘,ĞƵƐĞƐĂŶĂŝƌďƌƵƐŚŐƵŶ ƚŽƐƉƌĂLJĨŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶŽŶŚĞƌŶŽƐĞ͘,ĞƌďĞĂƵƟĨƵůĨĂĐĞŝƐƐǁŽůůĞŶĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞǁƌŝŶŬůĞƉůƵŵƉŝŶŐŝŶũĞĐƟŽŶƐǁŚŝĐŚƌĞƐƚƌŝĐƚƚŚĞŵŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŽĨŚĞƌ ĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐ͘^ŚĞŝƐŝŶDĂŶŚĂƩĂŶǁŝƚŚŚĞƌƐŝƐƚĞƌ<ŽƵƌƚŶĞLJƐŚŽŽƟŶŐĂ ƐƉŝŶͲŽīŽĨ<ĞĞƉŝŶŐhƉǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶƐ͕ƚŚĞƌĞĂůŝƚLJƐŚŽǁǁŚŝĐŚ ƚƵƌŶĞĚƚŚĞŝƌďůĞŶĚĞĚĨĂŵŝůLJŝŶƚŽŵĞƌŝĐĂ͛ƐƉƌĞͲĞŵŝŶĞŶƚƉƌŽĨĞƐƐŝŽŶĂů ĐĞůĞďƌŝƟĞƐ͘KŶĞŚƵŶĚƌĞĚŚƵƐŚĞĚĐŽƵƌƟĞƌƐǁĂƚĐŚĞĚ>ŽƵŝƐy/s ďƌĞĂŬĨĂƐƟŶŐŽŶďƌŽƚŚĚƵƌŝŶŐŚŝƐ'ƌĂŶĚ>ĞǀĠĞĂƚsĞƌƐĂŝůůĞƐ͖ƚŚƌĞĞ ŵŝůůŝŽŶŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƐǁŝůůǁĂƚĐŚƚŚĞƐŝƐƚĞƌƐĞĂƚƌŽŽŵƐĞƌǀŝĐĞƐĂƵƐĂŐĞƐ ĂŶĚƚƌĂĚĞǀƵůŐĂƌƋƵŝƉƐŝŶũĂĚĞĚĨƌƵĐƚŽƐĞƵƉƐƉĞĂŬ͘dŚĞƐŚŽǁƐĂƌĞ LITRO | 24


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ƐĞŶƚĞŶĐĞƐĂŶĚĐŽŶƚƌĂĚŝĐƚŽƌLJƐƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚƐŝŶƚŚĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĐŽŶƟŶƵŽƵƐ tense. ͚tĞ͛ƌĞůŝŬĞ͕ƚŽƚĂůůLJƐƚƵĐŬŝŶƚƌĂĸĐ͕͛ƐŚĞƐĂLJƐ͚͘/ĂŵƐŽŵĂĚĂƚŵLJŵŽŵ ĨŽƌŬŝŶŐƚŚŝƐ͕/ůŝŬĞ͕ĐĂŶ͛ƚĞǀĞŶĚĞƐĐƌŝďĞǁŚĂƚ/͛ŵĨĞĞůŝŶŐ͛͘ dŚĞĮƌƐƚƐƵďǁĂLJůŝŶĞŽƉĞŶĞĚŝŶϭϵϬϰ͕ƚŚĞLJĞĂƌdŚĞEĞǁzŽƌŬdŝŵĞƐ ƌĞůŽĐĂƚĞĚƚŽϭϰϳϱƌŽĂĚǁĂLJĂŶĚŝƚƐƉƌŽƉƌŝĞƚŽƌĐŽŶǀŝŶĐĞĚƚŚĞĐŝƚLJƚŽ ƌĞŶĂŵĞ>ŽŶŐĂĐƌĞ^ƋƵĂƌĞ͘dŚĞƉĂƉĞƌŚŽƐƚĞĚĂĮƌĞǁŽƌŬƐĚŝƐƉůĂLJŝŶ dŝŵĞƐ^ƋƵĂƌĞŽŶEĞǁzĞĂƌ͛ƐǀĞƚŽĐĞůĞďƌĂƚĞƚŚĞŶĞǁŚĞĂĚƋƵĂƌƚĞƌƐ͘ dŚĞŶĞǁƐƟĐŬĞƌǁĞŶƚƵƉŶĞĂƌƚŚĞďĂƐĞŽĨƚŚĞďƵŝůĚŝŶŐŝŶϭϵϮϴ͘/ƚ ƵƐĞĚϭϰ͕ϴϬϬůŝŐŚƚďƵůďƐĂŶĚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚďƵůůĞƟŶǁĂƐ͚,ĞƌďĞƌƚ,ŽŽǀĞƌ ĞĨĞĂƚƐů^ŵŝƚŚ͛͘dŚĞƟĐŬĞƌŚĂĚĐŽŶƐƚĂŶƚƵƉĚĂƚĞƐǁŚĞŶK͘:͘ ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶƐƉĞĚĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵZŽďĞƌƚ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶ͛ƐŚŽƵƐĞŝŶĂƌŽŶĐŽ͗ƵƉͲ tŝŶŶŝŶŐE͘z͘ZĂŶŐĞƌƐWĂƌĂĚĞdŚƌŽƵŐŚ&ŝŶĂŶĐŝĂůŝƐƚƌŝĐƚ͘&ƌŝĞŶĚZĞĂĚƐ ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ^ƵŝĐŝĚĞEŽƚĞ͘tŽƌůĚƵƉKƉĞŶƐŝŶŚŝĐĂŐŽ͘>WWƵƌƐƵĞ ^ŝŵƉƐŽŶƌŽŶĐŽĨŽƌϱ,ŽƵƌƐ͘dŚĞŶĞǁƐŽĨZŽďĞƌƚ͛ƐƉĂƐƐŝŶŐƉƌŽďĂďůLJ njŝƉƉĞĚĂƌŽƵŶĚKŶĞdŝŵĞƐ^ƋƵĂƌĞŝŶϮϬϬϯ͗ŝƌ&ƌĂŶĐĞĂŶĚ<>D ŽŵƉůĞƚĞDĞƌŐĞƌ͘:ƵƐƟĐĞĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚƚŽ/ŶǀĞƐƟŐĂƚĞ/>ĞĂŬ͘&ŽƌŵĞƌ K͘:͘^ŝŵƉƐŽŶ>ĂǁLJĞƌ<ĂƌĚĂƐŚŝĂŶŝĞƐĂƚϱϵ͘ dǁŽŚĂƌŵŝŶďĞĂƌŵĂƐĐŽƚƐůĞĂĚĂŵĂƌĐŚŝŶŐďĂŶĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚdŝŵĞƐ ^ƋƵĂƌĞ͘dŚĞŐƵĞƐƚŽĨŚŽŶŽƵƌĚŝƐĞŵďĂƌŬƐĂƚƚŚĞƌŝďďŽŶͲĐƵƫŶŐ ĐĞƌĞŵŽŶLJ͘^ŚĞƐŝŐŶƐĂƵƚŽŐƌĂƉŚƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉĞŽƉůĞǁĂŝƟŶŐďLJƚŚĞŐĂƚĞƐ͘ ^ŚĞĂĚŽƉƚƐĂĐŽŶƚƌĂƉƉŽƐƚŽƐƚĂŶĐĞŽŶƚŚĞƌĞĚĐĂƌƉĞƚ͘KŶĞŽĨƚŚĞ ŚĂƌŵŝŶďĞĂƌƐŵĂƌĐŚĞƐƵƉĂŶĚƉƌĞƐĞŶƚƐŚĞƌǁŝƚŚĂŶŽǀĞƌƐŝnjĞŬĞLJ ŽŶĂƌĞĚǀĞůǀĞƚƉŝůůŽǁ͘<ŝŵĐŽŵŵĂŶĚƐĂƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůĂƉƉĞĂƌĂŶĐĞĨĞĞŽĨ ΨϭϬϬ͕ϬϬϬƚŽΨϮϱϬ͕ϬϬϬƉĞƌĞǀĞŶƚ͕ĂŶĚWƌŽĐƚŽƌΘ'ĂŵďůĞŽ͘ǁŝůůŚĂǀĞ ŝƚƐƉŽƵŶĚŽĨŇĞƐŚ͘<ŝŵƉŽƐĞƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŬĞLJ͘^ŚĞƉŽƐĞƐŝŶďĞƚǁĞĞŶƚŚĞ ŚĂƌŵŝŶďĞĂƌƐ͕ǁŚŽĂƌĞǁĞĂƌŝŶŐƐŝŐŶƐǁŚŝĐŚƐĂLJ͚ŚĂƌŵŝŶEĂƟŽŶ ŶũŽLJƚŚĞ'Ž͛͘^ŚĞŐŝǀĞƐŝŶƚĞƌǀŝĞǁƐ͘^ŚĞƵƐĞƐŐŝĂŶƚƐĐŝƐƐŽƌƐƚŽĐƵƚƚŚĞ ƌŝďďŽŶŝŶĨƌŽŶƚŽĨƚŚĞŵƉŝƌĞ^ƚĂƚĞƵŝůĚŝŶŐͲƚŚĞŵĞĚƌĞƐƚƌŽŽŵ͘,Ğƌ ŚĂůĨͲƐŵŝůĞŝƐƵŶLJŝĞůĚŝŶŐ͘

Louise Phillips lives in Toronto. Her work has appeared in ƌĞĂŵĂƚĐŚĞƌ͕ϯDDĂŐĂnjŝŶĞ͕ dŚĞŽƉƉĞƌĮĞůĚZĞǀŝĞǁ͕DĐ^ǁĞĞŶĞLJ͛Ɛ/ŶƚĞƌŶĞƚ dĞŶĚĞŶĐLJ͕dŚĞĞůŝŶƋƵĞŶƚ͕dŚĞŝƌƚLJEĂƉŬŝŶ͕ϯϰƚŚ WĂƌĂůůĞů͕andDŽŶŬĞLJďŝĐLJĐůĞ͘ She can be reached at: louisephillips2010@yahoo.com LITRO | 26


VIEW MARK SABA

A

ƚƚŚĞĐƌĞƐƚŽĨĂƐŵĂůůŚŝůů͕ĂŚŝůůƚŚĂƚŚĂƐŶŽƚĂůǁĂLJƐďĞĞŶ regarded in its long history, sits an heirloom building made of ǁŽŽĚ͕ƚǁŽͲƐƚŽƌĞLJ͕ůŽŶŐ͕ůŽǁ͕ǁŝƚŚĂĨƌŽŶƚƉŽƌĐŚƚŚĂƚƐƉĂŶƐƚŚĞůĞŶŐƚŚ ŽĨŝƚ͘dŚĞďƵŝůĚŝŶŐŚŽǀĞƌƐŽǀĞƌĂĐŽŵŵĞƌĐŝĂůƐƚƌĞĞƚ͕ĂďƵƐLJƐƚƌĞĞƚƚŚĂƚ ůĞĂĚƐŝŶŽŶĞĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶƚŽƚŚĞŽƵƚĞƌƐƵďƵƌďƐ͕ĂŶĚŝŶƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌƚŽŵŽƌĞ ƐĞĂƐŽŶĞĚŶĞŝŐŚďŽƵƌŚŽŽĚƐŽĨƚŚĞĐŝƚLJ͘DŽƐƚŽĨƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌďƵŝůĚŝŶŐƐ͕ŝŶ ĞŝƚŚĞƌĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶ͕ĂƌĞŽĨďƌŝĐŬ͘ &ƌŽŵƚŚŝƐǀŝĞǁƉŽŝŶƚ͕ƚŚŝƐŚŽǀĞƌŝŶŐƉŽƌĐŚ͕ƉĂƚƌŽŶƐŽĨƚŚĞďĂƌŝƚ ŚŽůĚƐŵĂLJǁĂŶĚĞƌĂďŽƵƚŝŶŚĞĂƚĞĚĚŝƐĐƵƐƐŝŽŶ͕ŽƌůĂƵŐŚƚĞƌ͕Žƌ ƐŽůŝƚĂƌLJĚĞƐƉĂŝƌ͘dŚĞƌĞŝƐŶŽƚŚŝŶŐƚŚŝƐƉŽƌĐŚŚĂƐŶ͛ƚŚĞĂƌĚŽƌƐĞĞŶ͕ŶŽ ĐŽŶǀĞƌƐĂƟŽŶƚŚĂƚĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚĞĐŚŽĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͕ŶŽŐŚŽƐƚƚŚĂƚŝƐƵŶǁĞůĐŽŵĞ͕ ƚŚŽƵŐŚƐŽŵĞŽĨŝƚƐŐŚŽƐƚƐŐŽƵŶŶŽƟĐĞĚʹƟŵŝĚŐŚŽƐƚƐ͕ůŝŬĞƚŚŽƐĞ ǁŚŽĮƌƐƚƚƌĂǀĞůůĞĚƚŚĞƌĞĨƌŽŵĨĞĂƌĂŶĚůŽŶŐŝŶŐůŽŶŐĂŐŽ͘ dŚĞƐĞǁĞƌĞƚŚĞƐůĂǀĞƐǁŚŽŚŝĚŝŶƚŚĞďƵŝůĚŝŶŐ͛ƐĐĂǀĞƌŶŽƵƐďĂƐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂŝĚĞĚďLJĂĨĞǁůŽĐĂůƐŽƵůƐ͕ǁŚŽƐƚŽůĞďLJŶŝŐŚƚƚŽƉŽŝŶƚƐĨƵƌƚŚĞƌŶŽƌƚŚ ĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞƌŽƵƚĞŽĨĨƌĞĞĚŽŵ͘dŚĞLJǁƌĂƉƉĞĚƚŚĞŵƐĞůǀĞƐŝŶĨĂĚŝŶŐ ƋƵŝůƚƐĂŶĚƐůĞƉƚďLJƋƵŝĞƚƐƚƌĞĂŵƐŝŶƚŚĞŚĞĂƌƚŽĨƚŚĞƉƉĂůĂĐŚŝĂŶƐĂƚ ƚŚĞďƌĞĂŬŽĨĚĂǁŶ͕ĚƌĞĂŵŝŶŐŽĨŝŐŝƉƉĞƌƐĂŶĚƚŚĞĚŽƩĞĚůŝŐŚƚƐŽĨ ŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶƚŽǁŶƐ͘dŚĞLJƚƌĂĚĞĚƚŚĞŝƌƋƵŝůƚƐǁŝƚŚĞǀĞƌLJĐŽŶĚƵĐƚŽƌ͕ĂŶĚ ƌĞĂĚƚŚĞƐĞĐƌĞƚƌŽƵƚĞƚŚĂƚǁĂƐŚĂŶĚĞĚƚŽƚŚĞŵŝŶĞĂĐŚŶĞǁƉĂƩĞƌŶ͘ dŚĞLJďƌŽƵŐŚƚĂůŝĨĞƟŵĞ͛ƐƐƚŽƌĞŽĨŵĞŵŽƌŝĞƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŵĂƐƚŚĞLJůĂLJ ŝŶƚŚĞďĂƐĞŵĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞƐŽůŝƚĂƌLJǁŽŽĚĞŶŚŽƵƐĞ͕ƐŽŵĞŽŶůLJŝŶƚŚĞŝƌ ƚĞĞŶƐ͕ŽƚŚĞƌƐŶŽƚŵƵĐŚŽůĚĞƌďƵƚďƌŽŬĞŶŝŶƚŽĂŶĞĂƌůLJ͕ĚĞĞƉŵĂƚƵƌŝƚLJ͘ dŚĞLJƌŽĂŵ͕ǁƌĂƉƉĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŝƌƋƵŝůƚƐ͕ĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚĂŌĞƌŵŝĚŶŝŐŚƚ͕ ĂŌĞƌƚŚĞŚŽƵƐĞ͛ƐŶĞǁĞƐƚŐƵĞƐƚƐŚĂǀĞůĞŌ͕ĚƌƵŶŬĞŶ͕ŶĞĂƌͲƐŝŐŚƚĞĚ͕ĂŶĚ ŽďůŝǀŝŽƵƐƚŽƚŚĞƉĂƐƚ͘ ƚƚǁŽ͘D͕͘ƚŚĞŶ͕ĂďŽLJǁĂůŬƐďLJ͕ĂďŽLJŽĨĮŌĞĞŶŽŶŚŝƐǁĂLJŚŽŵĞ ĨƌŽŵĂƐŽƵůͲƐĞĂƌĐŚŝŶŐĞǀĞŶŝŶŐŚĞŚĂƐƐƉĞŶƚǁŝƚŚŚŝƐůŽǀĞ͕ĂŶĞǀĞŶŝŶŐ of storm and calm set against the inescapable hum and life of a ƉĂƌƚLJ͘,ŝƐŚĞĂƌƚŚĂƐďĞĞŶŽƉĞŶĞĚ͕ĂŶĚĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐŚĞƐĞĞƐĂŶĚĨĞĞůƐ ƉŽƵƌƐŝŶĂŶĚŽƵƚŽĨŝƚĂƐŚĞǁĂůŬƐŚŽŵĞŝŶƚŚĞĐŽŽů͕ĞĂƌůLJͲŵŽƌŶŝŶŐĂŝƌ͘ ^ŚĞŚĂƐƐƚĂƌƚĞĚŶŽƚƚŽůŽŽŬĂƚŚŝŵǁŚĞŶƐŚĞƐƉĞĂŬƐƚŽŚŝŵ͖ŚĞƌ 27 | LITRO


ĞLJĞƐ͕ŽŶĐĞƚǁŽĚĞĞƉďƌŽǁŶǁĞůůƐŽĨŵLJƐƚĞƌLJ͕ĂƌĞŶŽǁƚĞŶƐĞĂŶĚ ǁŝƚŚĚƌĂǁŶ͕ĂƐŝĨďĞůŽŶŐŝŶŐƚŽƐŽŵĞŽŶĞŚĞŚĂƐŶĞǀĞƌŬŶŽǁŶ͘,Ğ ĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁǁŚĂƚƚŽŵĂŬĞŽĨŝƚ͕ŽƌŚĞƌ͕ŽƌŚŝƐĮŌĞĞŶͲLJĞĂƌͲŽůĚǁŽƌůĚ͘ ǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐŚĂƐďĞĐŽŵĞĨŽƌŚŝŵƵŶĐĞƌƚĂŝŶ͕ƵŶĐůĞĂƌ͕ƵŶƉƌĞĚŝĐƚĂďůĞ͘ /ŶƚŚŝƐůŝŵďŽͲůŝŬĞƐƚĂƚĞŚĞůŽŽŬƐƵƉĂƚƚŚĞŚŽƵƐĞ͕ŝƚƐĞŵƉƚLJ͕ǁŝĚĞ ƉŽƌĐŚ͕ĂŶĚŶŽƚĞƐƚŚĂƚŝƚŝƐŶŽƚĞŵƉƚLJ͘ůŽŶĞůLJĮŐƵƌĞƐƚĂŶĚƐƚŚĞƌĞ͕ ǁƌĂƉƉĞĚŝŶĂŶŽůĚďůĂŶŬĞƚ͕ůŽŽŬŝŶŐĞŝƚŚĞƌĂƚŚŝŵŽƌƉĂƐƚŚŝŵʹŚĞ ĐĂŶ͛ƚƚĞůůǁŚŝĐŚ͘dŚĞŶĂŶŽƚŚĞƌĮŐƵƌĞǁĂůŬƐŽƵƚŽĨĂƐŚĂĚŽǁ͕ůŽŽŬŝŶŐ ŝŶƚŚĞƐĂŵĞĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞŶĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͘dŚŽƵŐŚŝƚŝƐŶŝŐŚƚƚŚĞďŽLJ ĐĂŶƚĞůůƚŚĞLJĂƌĞďůĂĐŬŵĞŶ͕ĂůůƚŚƌĞĞŽĨƚŚĞŵ͖ŚĞŚĂƐŶĞǀĞƌƐĞĞŶ ĂďůĂĐŬŵĂŶŝŶƚŚŝƐƉĂƌƚŽĨƚŽǁŶďĞĨŽƌĞ͘,ĞůŽŽŬƐĚŽǁŶ͕ƚŚĞŶ͕ĂŶĚ ŬĞĞƉƐǁĂůŬŝŶŐ͘ƵƚŚĞĐĂŶŶŽƚĨŽƌŐĞƚƚŚĞŵ͘ dŚĞŶĞdžƚĚĂLJŽƵƌƚĂǀĞƌŶ͛ƐŽǁŶĞƌ͕ŝůů^ƚĞĞƉƐ͕ĐŽŵĞƐŽƵƚĂƚŶŽŽŶ ƚŽƐǁĞĞƉƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚŽĨŝƚƐĮƌƐƚĨĂůůůĞĂǀĞƐ͘dŚĞďƌŽŽŵ͕ƚĂƩĞƌĞĚĂŶĚ ĚŝƐĐŽůŽƵƌĞĚ͕ůŽƐĞƐŵŽƌĞŽĨŝƚƐĞůĨĞĂĐŚƟŵĞŝƚŝƐƵƐĞĚ͘ŝůůǁŽŶĚĞƌƐ ǁŚĂƚŚĞŝƐƐǁĞĞƉŝŶŐŵŽƌĞŽĨ͗ůĞĂǀĞƐŽƌƐƚƌĂLJďƌŽŽŵ͘dŚĞůĂƐƚĨĞǁ ŶŝŐŚƚƐ͛ƌĞǀĞůůĞƌƐŚĂǀĞůĞŌďĞĞƌƐƚĂŝŶƐŽŶƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚ͛ƐĚƵƐƚLJŇŽŽƌ͘ŝůů ƐƚŽƉƐĂŶĚƌĞŐĂƌĚƐƚŚĞŇŽŽƌ͕ĨĞĞůŝŶŐŝƚƐĂŶĐŝĞŶƚǁĞŝŐŚƚĂŶĚŚŝƐƚŽƌLJ͕ ǁŽŶĚĞƌŝŶŐŝĨŚĞǁŝůůĞǀĞƌŐĞƚŝƚĐůĞĂŶ͘,ĞƵŶĞdžƉĞĐƚĞĚůLJĨĞĞůƐƚŚĂƚŚĞ ŚĂƐŶĞǀĞƌďĞĞŶĂďůĞƚŽŬĞĞƉŝƚĐůĞĂŶ͘ ͞ŝůů͊͟ŚŝƐǁŝĨĞĐĂůůƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĞŽƉĞŶĚŽŽƌ͘͞^ŽŵĞŽŶĞŽŶƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞ ǁĂŶƚƐƚŽƚĂůŬƚŽLJŽƵ͘'ĞƚŝŶŚĞƌĞ͊͟ ŝůůĚƌŽƉƐƚŚĞďƌŽŽŵƚŽƚĂŬĞƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞĐĂůů͘,ĞŬŶŽǁƐŚĞŚĂƐďĞĞŶ late paying his draught beer company, and has already rehearsed his ĞdžĐƵƐĞ͘ZŝƚĂŚŽůĚƐƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞƵƉǁŝƚŚŚĞƌůĞŌŚĂŶĚ͕ĂŶĚƵƐĞƐƚŚĞƌŝŐŚƚ ƚŽŇŝƉƚŚƌŽƵŐŚĂůŝƩůĞŶŽƚĞŬ͘ ͞EŽ͕ŶŽ͘/ĂůƌĞĂĚLJŬŶŽǁǁŚĂƚƚŚĞLJǁĂŶƚ͕͟ŝůůƐĂLJƐ͘͞,ĞƌĞ͘͟,ĞƌĞĂĐŚĞƐ out for the phone. &ŽƌƚŚĞŶĞdžƚƚĞŶŵŝŶƵƚĞƐZŝƚĂŵŽǀĞƐĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞďĂƌ͕ƐƚƌĂŝŐŚƚĞŶŝŶŐ ĐŚĂŝƌƐĂŶĚƌĞͲŽƌŐĂŶŝnjŝŶŐƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚĞƌ͕ǁŚŝůĞŝůůƌĞĂƐƐƵƌĞƐƚŚĞďĞĞƌ ĐŽŵƉĂŶLJ͘dŚĞŶƐŚĞƐƚĞƉƐŽƵƚƐŝĚĞĨŽƌĂďƌĞĂƚŚŽĨĂƵƚƵŵŶĂŝƌ͕ĂŶĚ ŶŽƟĐĞƐƚǁŽĐŽƉƐŵĂŬŝŶŐƚŚĞŝƌǁĂLJƵƉƚŽƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚ͘ ͞,ĞLJŐƵLJƐ͘tŚĂƚ͛ƐƵƉ͍͟ ͞,ĞLJZŝƚĂ͕͟ƚŚĞƚŚŝĐŬͲďŽŶĞĚ͕ƐĂŶĚLJͲŚĂŝƌĞĚŽŶĞƐĂLJƐ͘͞^ĞĞŶĂŶLJ ƐƵƐƉŝĐŝŽƵƐĂĐƟǀŝƚLJŽŶƚŚĞƐƚƌĞĞƚ͍͟ ͞>ŝŬĞǁŚĂƚ͍͟ LITRO | 28


͞>ŝŬĞĂĐŽƵƉůĞĂďůĂĐŬŐƵLJƐŝŶĂƐƚŽůĞŶ>ĞdžƵƐʹĚĂƌŬƌĞĚʹǁŝƚŚĂůŽƚŽĨ ĐĂƐŚƚŽďƵƌŶ͍͟ ͞ŝůů͊͟ ,ĞĂƉƉĞĂƌƐŽŶƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚ͘ ͞dŚĞLJ͛ƌĞůŽŽŬŝŶŐĨŽƌĂƐƚŽůĞŶĐĂƌ͘ůĂĐŬƐ͘͟ ͞EĞǀĞƌ͕͟ŝůůƐĂLJƐ͘ ͞tŚĂƚ͛ƐƚŚĂƚ͍͟ƐĂLJƐƚŚĞĐŽƉ͘ ͞/ƐĂŝĚLJŽƵ͛ĚŶĞǀĞƌĮŶĚƚŚĞŵŚĞƌĞ͘/ƚ͛ƐŶŽƚƵƐƵĂů͕ŶŽƚƐŝŶĐĞ/͛ǀĞďĞĞŶ ĂůŝǀĞĂŶLJǁĂLJ͘/ŐŽƚŶŽƚŚŝŶŐĂŐĂŝŶƐƚƚŚĞŵ͕ďƵƚLJŽƵŬŶŽǁĂƐǁĞůůĂƐ/ ĚŽʹ͟ ͞tĞũƵƐƚŐŽƚĂƌĞƉŽƌƚĨƌŽŵZƵƐƐ<ƌĂŵĞƌ͘dŚĞLJǁĞƌĞŝŶŚŝƐƐƚŽƌĞ͕ ďŽƵŐŚƚƚǁŽŽĨŚŝƐďĞƐƚĂƵĚŝŽƐLJƐƚĞŵƐǁŝƚŚĐĂƐŚ͘͟ ͞KŚ͍tŚĞŶǁĂƐƚŚĂƚ͍͟ ͞ďŽƵƚƚǁŽŚŽƵƌƐĂŐŽ͘͟ ͞tĞůů͕ǁĞŚĂǀĞŶ͛ƚƐĞĞŶƚŚĞŵ͘ZŝƚĂʹƌŝŐŚƚ͍͟ ^ŚĞƐŚĂŬĞƐŚĞƌŚĞĂĚĂŶĚĨƌŽǁŶƐ͘dŚĞĐŽƉƐŶŽĚ͕ƵŶĨŽůĚƚŚĞŝƌĂƌŵƐ͕ ĂŶĚƐĂLJƚŚĞLJ͛ůůďĞďLJŽŶ^ĂƚƵƌĚĂLJŶŝŐŚƚĨŽƌĂďĞĞƌ͘ŝůůĂŶĚZŝƚĂŐŽ ďĂĐŬƚŽƚŚĞŝƌǁŽƌŬ͘ /ƚ͛ƐĂǁĂƌŵ^ĂƚƵƌĚĂLJŶŝŐŚƚĨŽƌKĐƚŽďĞƌ͕ĂĨƌĞĂŬŽĨĨĂůůǁĞĂƚŚĞƌ͕ bringing summer up again from the south, and sending more than ƚŚĞƐĞĂƐŽŶ͛ƐƐŚĂƌĞŽĨƌĞǀĞůůĞƌƐƚŽƚŚĞƚĂǀĞƌŶ͘dŚĞLJƐƉŝůůĨƌŽŵƚŚĞďŽĚLJͲ ǁĂƌŵĞĚƌŽŽŵŽƵƚƚŽƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚ͕ǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞĂŝƌŝƐĂůƐŽƐƟůů͕ďƵƚůĞƐƐ ƵƐĞĚ͘dŚĞŝƌǀŽŝĐĞƐĐĂƌƌLJĞǀĞŶůLJĨĂƌŝŶƚŽƚŚĞŶŝŐŚƚ͕ƵƉĂŶĚĚŽǁŶƚŚĞ ďƵƐLJƐƚƌĞĞƚʹĐŽŵŵŝŶŐůŝŶŐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƐŽƵŶĚƐŽĨďŝŐĞŶŐŝŶĞƐ͕ĨŽŽƚƐƚĞƉƐ͕ ĂŶĚĚŝƐƚĂŶƚůĂƵŐŚƚĞƌʹĂƐŝĨďƌĞĂŬŝŶŐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƟŵĞ͘ ZŝƚĂĂŶĚŝůůƐƚĞƉŽƵƚƐŝĚĞƚŽŽ͕ůĞĂǀŝŶŐƚŚĞŶŝŐŚƚͲǁŽƌŬƚŽŚŝƌĞĚŚĞůƉ͘ dŚĞƌĞ͛ƐŶŽƚŵƵĐŚƚŚĂƚĐĂŶŐŽǁƌŽŶŐŽŶĂŶŝŐŚƚůŝŬĞƚŚŝƐ͕ǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ ůŝŶŐĞƌŝŶŐǁĂƌŵǁĞĂƚŚĞƌ͕ƚŚĞůŽLJĂůĐůŝĞŶƚğůĞ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŶĞLJŝŶƚŚĞĚƌĂǁĞƌ͘ ǀĞŶƚŚĂƚŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͛ƐĂƌŐƵŵĞŶƚŚĂƐĞǀĂƉŽƌĂƚĞĚ͕ůĞĂǀŝŶŐƚŚĞŵďŽƚŚ ĨƌĞĞƚŽĞŶũŽLJƚŚĞŝƌĂĐĐŽŵƉůŝƐŚŵĞŶƚƐ͕ƚŚĞŝƌƉĞŽƉůĞ͕ĂŶĚĞĂĐŚŽƚŚĞƌ͘ ͞ŝůůʹ͟ZŝƚĂƉƵƚƐĂŶĂƌŵĂƌŽƵŶĚŚŝƐƚŚŝĐŬǁĂŝƐƚ͘,ĞƚĞŶƐĞƐ͕ƚŚĞŶƚƵƌŶƐ ƚŽŚĞƌĂŶĚĨĞĞůƐƌĞůĂdžĞĚ͘ ͞zĞĂŚ͕ŚŽŶ͘͟ ͞>ĞŶĂŶĚŽŽŬŝĞǁĂŶƚƵƐƚŽŐŽƚŽ>ĂƐsĞŐĂƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŵŶĞdžƚƐƵŵŵĞƌ͘͟ ͞dŚĂƚ͛ƐĂůŽŶŐǁĂLJŽī͘ƵƚǁŚLJŶŽƚ͍^ƵƌĞ͘tĞ͛ǀĞŶĞǀĞƌďĞĞŶƚŽ sĞŐĂƐ͘,Ğůů͕ǁĞĚĞƐĞƌǀĞƚŽŐŽƚŽ>ĂƐsĞŐĂƐ͊͟ ͞ŽLJŽƵƚŚŝŶŬǁĞĐĂŶĂīŽƌĚŝƚ͍͟ 29 | LITRO


͞tĞĐĂŶŵĂŬĞƐƵƌĞǁĞĐĂŶĂīŽƌĚŝƚ͘dŚŝƐŝƐŵĞƌŝĐĂ͘͟ ŝůůĨĞĞůƐĂŚĂŶĚŽŶŚŝƐďĂĐŬ͘/ƚďĞůŽŶŐƐƚŽŚŝƐďƵĚĚLJ͕ZĂLJ͕ǁŚŽƐƉĞĂŬƐ ůŽǁŝŶƚŽŝůů͛ƐĞĂƌ͘ ͞/ĚŝĚŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁLJŽƵǁĞƌĞĞdžƉĂŶĚŝŶŐƚŚĞďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐƚŽŝŶĐůƵĚĞŽƚŚĞƌ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƵƌŚŽŽĚƐŽĨƚŚĞĐŝƚLJ͘͟ ŝůůůŽŽŬƐŝŶƋƵŝƐŝƟǀĞůLJĂƚZĂLJ͕ǁŚŽŶŽĚƐŝŶƚŚĞĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞďĂƌ͘ ƐŵĂůůŐƌŽƵƉŽĨďůĂĐŬŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƐŚĂƐũƵƐƚďĞĞŶƐĞƌǀĞĚĂƌŽƵŶĚŽĨ ĚƌŝŶŬƐ͘dŚĞLJůĂƵŐŚĂŶĚƚŽĂƐƚŽŶĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͕ƵŶĂǁĂƌĞƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞ been noted. ͞/͛ŵƐƵƌĞƚŚĞLJ͛ƌĞĮŶĞ͕͟ŝůůƐĂLJƐ͘͞/ĐĂŶ͛ƚƌĞĨƵƐĞďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐ͕ĐĂŶ/͍͟ ZĂLJ͛ƐĞLJĞďƌŽǁƐƌŝƐĞ͕ďƵƚŚĞĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚƌĞƐƉŽŶĚ͘ďƌŝĞĨĐŚŝůůƉĂƐƐĞƐ ďĞƚǁĞĞŶƚŚĞŵ͘ KƵƌĂĚŽůĞƐĐĞŶƚĨƌŝĞŶĚŝƐǁĂůŬŝŶŐǁŝƚŚŚŝƐůŽǀĞ͕ǁĂůŬŝŶŐĂŐĂŝŶĂůŽŶŐ the road that has been lonely for him more than once in his past. dŚĞLJĂƌĞĚĞĞƉůLJŝŶǀŽůǀĞĚŝŶŽŶĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͕ƚŚĞǁĂƌŵĂƵƚƵŵŶďƌĞĞnjĞ ĚĞĮŶŝŶŐŶŽƚŚŝŶŐďƵƚƚŚĞŵƐĞůǀĞƐ͕ƚŚĞŝƌǁŽƌƌŝĞƐ͕ƚŚĞŝƌƐŝƚƵĂƟŽŶ͕ƚŚĞŝƌ ůŽǀĞ͘/ƚŝƐĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚŝŶŐŵŝĚŶŝŐŚƚ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞLJĂƌĞŶĞĂƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚĂǀĞƌŶ ŚŽƵƐĞ͘,ĞŚĂƐĨŽƌŐŽƩĞŶĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐĨŽƌƚŚĞŵŽŵĞŶƚʹĂůůŚĞĐĂŶƐŵĞůů ŝƐŚĞƌĐŚĞƌƌLJͲƐĐĞŶƚĞĚƉĞƌĨƵŵĞ͖ĂůůŚĞĐĂŶƐĞĞŝƐƚŚĞďĂůĂŶĐĞŽĨƉĂŝŶ ĂŶĚĐŽŶƚĞŶƚŵĞŶƚŝŶŚĞƌĞLJĞƐ͖ĂůůŚĞĐĂŶŚĞĂƌŝƐŚĞƌǁŽƌĚƐ͗ ͞^ŽǁŚĂƚĚŽLJŽƵƚŚŝŶŬǁĞƐŚŽƵůĚĚŽ͍͟ ,ĞĐĂŶĂůŵŽƐƚĨĞĞůŚĞƌďƌĞĂƚŚ͕ƚŚŽƵŐŚŚĞŝƐŶŽƚůŽŽŬŝŶŐĂƚŚĞƌ͘ ͞/ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁ͘tŚĂƚ͛ƐǁƌŽŶŐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞǁĂLJƚŚŝŶŐƐĂƌĞ͍͟ ,ĞƚĂŬĞƐŚĞƌŚĂŶĚ͖ƐŚĞƐƋƵĞĞnjĞƐŽŶĐĞĂŶĚůĞƚƐŐŽ͘dŚĞŶŚĞůŽŽŬƐ ƵƉĂŶĚƐĞĞƐƚŚĞŵĂŐĂŝŶ͕ǁƌĂƉƉĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŝƌƋƵŝůƚƐ͕ƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞ ƐŚĂĚŽǁƐĂƚƚŚĞĨĂƌĞŶĚƐŽĨƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚ͘dŚĞLJĚŽŶŽƚŵŽǀĞ͕ŽƌƐƉĞĂŬ͕ ďƵƚŚĞŬŶŽǁƐƚŚĞLJĂƌĞůŽŽŬŝŶŐƉĂƐƚƚŚĞĨĞǁƌĞŵĂŝŶŝŶŐƉĂƚƌŽŶƐ͕Ăƚ him. ͞ŝĚLJŽƵŚĞĂƌŝƚ͍͟ ͞tŚĂƚʹ͟^ŚĞĨƌĞĞnjĞƐ͘ ͞dŚĞLJŵƵƐƚďĞŐƵŶƐŚŽƚƐ͕͟ŚĞƐĂLJƐ͘ ͞KŚŵLJ'ŽĚ͘tŚĞƌĞ͍͟ LITRO | 30


,ĞůŽŽŬƐĂƌŽƵŶĚ͕ƚƌLJŝŶŐƚŽůŽĐĂƚĞǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞƐŝƌĞŶƐĂƌĞĐŽŵŝŶŐĨƌŽŵ͕ ƚŽůĞƚŚŝŵƐĞůĨƐůŝƉďĂĐŬŝŶƚŽƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚ͘ƵƚďĞĨŽƌĞŚĞĐĂŶĂŶƐǁĞƌŚĞƌ͕ ďĞĨŽƌĞŚĞĐĂŶůĞƚŐŽŽĨƚŚĞŝƌŝŶƐƵůĂƌůŝĨĞ͕ŚĞƐĞĞƐůŝŐŚƚƐŇĂƐŚŝŶŐĨĂƌ ĂŚĞĂĚ͘^ŝƌĞŶƐƌŝŶŐŝŶĂůůĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶƐ͘ĂƌĚŽŽƌƐƐůĂŵ͖ƋƵŝĐŬĨŽŽƚƐƚĞƉƐ staccato the air. dŚĞLJŬŝůůĞĚĂďůĂĐŬŵĂŶ͕ƐŽŵĞŽŶĞŝŶƚŚĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJƐĂŝĚ͘ŶĚƚŚĞŶ ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌƐĂŝĚŝƚ͕ĂŶĚĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͘dŚĞLJĂůůƌĞƉĞĂƚĞĚƚŚĞƐĞǁŽƌĚƐ͗dŚĞLJ ŬŝůůĞĚĂďůĂĐŬŵĂŶ͘dŚĞƉŚƌĂƐĞǁĞŶƚƚŽƐůĞĞƉǁŝƚŚĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞƚŚĂƚ ŶŝŐŚƚ͕ĂŶĚǁŽŬĞƵƉǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŵŝŶƚŚĞŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͘dŚĞƉŚƌĂƐĞǁŽƵůĚ ŶŽƚŐŽĂǁĂLJ͘/ƚŵĂĚĞƚŚĞƚǁĞůǀĞŽ͛ĐůŽĐŬŶĞǁƐ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞŶƚŚĞŶĞdžƚ ŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ͛ƐŶĞǁƐ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞŶĂƟŽŶĂůŶĞǁƐ͘ ŝůůĂŶĚZŝƚĂƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŚĞĚĂLJŝŶĞĂĐŚŽƚŚĞƌ͛ƐĂƌŵƐ͕ƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐƚŚĞLJŚĂĚ ŶŽƚĚŽŶĞŝŶĂůŽŶŐƟŵĞ͘hƐƵĂůůLJƚŚĞLJƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŚĞĚĂLJŝŶĐŽŶĮĚĞŶĐĞ͕ already preparing their mental lists of things to be done. But this day ďƌŽƵŐŚƚĂŶƵŶĨĂŵŝůŝĂƌƐĞŶƐĞŽĨĐĂƵƟŽŶƚŽƚŚĞŵ͗ƉůĂŶƐĞƐĐĂƉĞĚƚŚĞŵ͕ ĂŶĚƚŚĞLJĞŶĚĞĚƵƉĚƌĞĂŵŝŶŐ͘/ƚǁĂƐƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞƌŝŶŐŝŶŐƚŚĂƚĮŶĂůůLJ ĐŽĂdžĞĚŝůůŽƵƚŽĨďĞĚ͘ZŝƚĂĂůůŽǁĞĚŚĞƌĞŵƉƚLJĞŵďƌĂĐĞƚŽůŝŶŐĞƌ͕ ĂƐƐŚĞĐůŽƐĞĚŚĞƌĞLJĞƐĂŐĂŝŶĂŶĚƌĞĂƐĐĞŶĚĞĚƚŽŚĞƌĚƌĞĂŵͲĐůŽƵĚ͕ ƚŚŽƵŐŚŝůů͛ƐǁŽƌĚƐŽŶƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞďƵƌŶĞĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ͗ ͞zĞĂŚ͕>ĞŶ͘/ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁǁŚĂƚʹŝƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚƐŽĨĂƐƚ͘ǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐǁĂƐ ŐŽŶĞĨƌŽŵƚŚĞĚƌĂǁĞƌ͘ǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐ͘͟ ͞/ƚŚĂĚƚŽďĞʹ/ŐƵĞƐƐʹǁŚŽĞůƐĞĐŽƵůĚŝƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶ͍/ŬŶŽǁũƵƐƚ ĂďŽƵƚĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞǁŚŽĐŽŵĞƐŝŶƚŚĂƚƉůĂĐĞ͕LJŽƵŬŶŽǁ͘͟ ͞zŽƵ͛ƌĞƌŝŐŚƚ͕>ĞŶ͘tŚĂƚĐĂŶǁĞĚŽ͍͟ dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐůŝƩůĞůĞŌƚŽƐĂLJ͘ŝůůůŝƐƚĞŶĞĚĂŶŽƚŚĞƌŵŝŶƵƚĞƚŽ>ĞŶ͛ƐƟƌĂĚĞ͕ ƚŚĞŶŚƵŶŐƵƉ͕ƐŚĂŬŝŶŐŚŝƐŚĞĂĚ͘ ͞tĞůů͍͟ĂƐŬĞĚZŝƚĂ͕ďLJŶŽǁǀĞƌLJĂǁĂŬĞ͘ ͞tĞůůǁŚĂƚ͍͟ ͞tĂƐŝƚƚŚĞŵ͍͟ ͞EŽŽŶĞŬŶŽǁƐ͘͟ ͞>ĞŶƐĞĞŵƐƚŽŬŶŽǁ͘͟ ͞>ĞŶŝƐďĞŝŶŐ>ĞŶĂďŽƵƚƚŚŝƐ͘͟ ͞,ĞŵŝŐŚƚďĞƌŝŐŚƚ͘͟ ͞>ŽŽŬʹǁŚĂƚĚŝīĞƌĞŶĐĞĚŽĞƐŝƚŵĂŬĞ͍dŚĞLJǁĞƌĞƐƉĞĞĚŝŶŐĂŶĚǁĞŶƚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚĂƌĞĚůŝŐŚƚ͘͟ ͞ŶĚƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞĐĂƌƌLJŝŶŐĂůŽƚŽĨĐĂƐŚ͘͟ ͞ůůƌŝŐŚƚ͕ĂůůƌŝŐŚƚ͕͟ŚĞƐĂŝĚ͘

31 | LITRO


^ŚĞŐƌĞǁƋƵŝĞƚ͘ ͞^ŽƌƌLJ͕ŚŽŶĞLJ͘ŽŵĞďĂĐŬƚŽďĞĚ͘͟ ͞EŽ͕/ĐĂŶ͛ƚ͘/͛ŵƵƉŶŽǁ͘͟ ͞zŽƵ͛ƌĞƵƉƐĞƚ͘͟ ͞tŚLJƐŚŽƵůĚ/ďĞƵƉƐĞƚ͍͟ŚĞƐŚŽƚďĂĐŬ͘ ͞/ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁ͘/ƚ͛ƐŶŽƚLJŽƵƌĨĂƵůƚ͕͟ƐŚĞƐĂŝĚ͘ ͞/ƚ͛ƐŶŽďŽĚLJ͛ƐĨĂƵůƚ͘dŚŝŶŐƐŚĂƉƉĞŶ͘ŶĚǁĞ͛ƌĞŽƵƚĞŝŐŚƚŚƵŶĚƌĞĚ ďƵĐŬƐ͘͟ ͞dŚĂƚŵƵĐŚ͍͟ ͞zĞƐ͘ŝŐŚƚŚƵŶĚƌĞĚƚŚŝƌƚLJͲĮǀĞ͘͟,ĞƐƚŽƉƉĞĚ͘͞ƵƚŚŽǁʹ͟ ͞tŚĂƚ͍͟ ͞,ŽǁĚŝĚƚŚĞLJĚŽŝƚ͍ZŝŐŚƚƵŶĚĞƌŽƵƌŶŽƐĞƐ͘͟ ͞/ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁ͕>ĞŶ͘/ƚǁĂƐƉƌĞƩLJĐƌŽǁĚĞĚƚŚĂƚŶŝŐŚƚ͘dĂůŬƚŽŽƵŐ͘͟ ͞,ĞĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌĂŶLJƚŚŝŶŐ͘,ĞƐĂLJƐŚĞũƵƐƚƚƵƌŶĞĚĂƌŽƵŶĚĂŶĚ ŝƚǁĂƐŐŽŶĞ͘͟ ͞^ŽƵŶĚƐůŝŬĞŽƵŐ͘ƌĞLJŽƵƐƵƌĞŚĞ͛ƐŶŽƚĚƌŝŶŬŝŶŐďĂĐŬƚŚĞƌĞĂŐĂŝŶ͍͟ ͞EŽ͘/͛ŵŶŽƚƐƵƌĞŽĨĂŶLJƚŚŝŶŐǁŝƚŚŚŝŵ͘͟

ŝůůŚĞĂƌĚŽŶƚŚĞĞǀĞŶŝŶŐŶĞǁƐƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŵĂŶŚĂĚĚŝĞĚŝŶƐƚĂŶƚůLJ͘ dŚĞƉŽůŝĐĞƌĞƉŽƌƚĞĚƚŚĂƚŚĞĂŶĚƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌƐŚĂĚƌƵŶƚŚĞƌĞĚůŝŐŚƚ͕ ĂƉƉĞĂƌĞĚĚƌƵŶŬĞŶ͕ĚƌŽǀĞƌĞĐŬůĞƐƐůLJ͕ĂŶĚĚŝƐƌĞŐĂƌĚĞĚƚŚĞŝƌƉƵƌƐƵŝƚ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚĞŶĚĞĚŝŶĂĐĂƌĐŚĂƐĞĂŶĚǁĂƌŶŝŶŐƐŚŽƚƐ͘ŌĞƌĐŽŵŝŶŐƚŽĂŚĂůƚ ŝŶƐŽŵĞďŽĚLJ͛ƐLJĂƌĚƚŚĞĚƌŝǀĞƌƐƚƵŵďůĞĚŽƵƚLJĞůůŝŶŐǀƵůŐĂƌŝƟĞƐĂŶĚ ƌĞĂĐŚŝŶŐĨŽƌƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐŝŶƐŝĚĞŚŝƐĐŽĂƚ͘dŚĂƚǁĂƐǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJĮƌĞĚŽŶ him. dŚĞƌĞƉŽƌƚĞƌƐĂŝĚƚŚĂƚŚĞŚĂĚďĞĞŶƌĞĂĐŚŝŶŐĨŽƌĂĐĞůůƉŚŽŶĞ͘dŚĞ ŽƚŚĞƌƐŝŶƚŚĞĐĂƌĐĂŵĞŽƵƚǁŚĞŶĐĂůůĞĚ͕ĐŽǁĞƌŝŶŐĂŶĚǁŚŝŵƉĞƌŝŶŐ͘ dŽŐĞƚŚĞƌƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞƚŚƌĞĞLJŽƵŶŐŵĞŶĂŶĚŽŶĞǁŽŵĂŶ͘dŚĞLJƐĂŝĚ ƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞŶŽƚĨĂŵŝůŝĂƌǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŶĞŝŐŚďŽƵƌŚŽŽĚ͘dŚĞLJŚĂĚďĞĞŶ ĚƌŝŶŬŝŶŐ͕LJĞƐ͕ďƵƚŶŽƚůŽĐĂůůLJ͘dŚĞLJŚĂĚďĞĞŶŝŶǀŝƚĞĚƚŽĂůĂƚĞͲŶŝŐŚƚ ƉĂƌƚLJŝŶƚŚĞĂƌĞĂďƵƚŚĂĚƚĂŬĞŶĂĨĞǁǁƌŽŶŐƚƵƌŶƐ͘ dŚŝƐǀĞƌƐŝŽŶŽĨƚŚĞƐƚŽƌLJǁĂƐŶĞǁƚŽŝůů͕ǁŚŽŚĂĚƌĞůŝĞĚŽŶ>ĞŶĂŶĚ ĂĐŽƵƉůĞŽĨŽƚŚĞƌĨƌŝĞŶĚƐŝŶƚŚĞŶĞŝŐŚďŽƵƌŚŽŽĚƚŽƉƌŽǀŝĚĞĚĞƚĂŝůƐŽĨ ƚŚĞŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚ͘ZĂLJǁĂƐĐĞƌƚĂŝŶƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJŚĂĚďĞĞŶƚŚĞŽŶĞƐŝŶŝůů͛ƐďĂƌ ƚŚĂƚŶŝŐŚƚ͖ŚĞƐĂŝĚŚĞƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞĚƚŚĞĐŽĂƚŽŶƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚǁŚĞŶŚĞ ƐĂǁŝƚŽŶƚŚĞŶĞǁƐ͘,ĞƐĂŝĚŝůůƐŚŽƵůĚĐĂůůƚŚĞƉŽůŝĐĞƌŝŐŚƚŶŽǁĂŶĚ ůĞƚƚŚĞŵŬŶŽǁǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞLJŐŽƚƚŚĞĐĂƐŚ͘ŝůůǁĂƐŵŽƐƚůLJƋƵŝĞƚ͖ŚĞĨĞůƚ ĂƐŝĨŚĞŚĂĚďĞĞŶĂƉƉŽŝŶƚĞĚũƵĚŐĞĂŐĂŝŶƐƚŚŝƐǁŝůů͘ŌĞƌŚĂŶŐŝŶŐƵƉ ƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞŝůůƐĂƚŝŶŚŝƐĂƌŵĐŚĂŝƌǁĂƚĐŚŝŶŐƚĞůĞǀŝƐŝŽŶ͕ǁŚĂƚĞǀĞƌǁĂƐ LITRO | 32


ŽŶ͕ǁŚĂƚĞǀĞƌŵŝŐŚƚĚƌĂǁŚŝƐĂƩĞŶƟŽŶĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵƚŚĞŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚ͘ KŶDŽŶĚĂLJŶŝŐŚƚƚŚĞďĂƌǁĂƐŶĞĂƌůLJĞŵƉƚLJ͘ŝůůŬĞƉƚƚŚĞĚŽŽƌŽƉĞŶ ƵŶƟůĞůĞǀĞŶ͕ƚŚĞŶŚĞƚŽůĚŽƵŐƚŽĐůĞĂŶƵƉĂŶĚůŽĐŬƚŚĞĚƌĂǁĞƌ͘ZŝƚĂ ŚĂĚĂůƌĞĂĚLJŐŽŶĞƵƉƐƚĂŝƌƐƚŽďĞĚ͖ŝůůƐƉĞŶƚƚŚĞŶĞdžƚŚŽƵƌƌŽĐŬŝŶŐŽŶ ƚŚĞǁŝĚĞ͕ĞŵƉƚLJƉŽƌĐŚ͘DŽŶĚĂLJŶŝŐŚƚƐŽŶƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚǁĞƌĞƐŽƐƟůů͕ŝƚ ƐĞĞŵĞĚ͕ĂƐŝĨƚŚĞƌĞŚĂĚďĞĞŶŶŽŚŝƐƚŽƌLJďƵƚƚŚĞŚŝƐƚŽƌLJŽĨƐƟůůŶĞƐƐ͘ dŚĞƐƚƌĞĞƚǁĂƐĞǀĞŶƋƵŝĞƚ͕ŽīĞƌŝŶŐŽŶůLJƐƉŽƌĂĚŝĐŵŽǀĞŵĞŶƚ͕ƚŚĞ ƋƵŝĐŬĂŶŽŶLJŵŝƚLJŽĨŽĐĐĂƐŝŽŶĂůŵŽǀŝŶŐĐĂƌƐ͘EŽŽŶĞǁĂƐŽƵƚǁĂůŬŝŶŐ ƚŚĂƚŶŝŐŚƚ͖ƚŚĞƌĞǁĂƐŶŽǁŝŶĚ͘ ŝůůŚĂĚďĞĞŶƐŝƫŶŐŽŶƚŚĂƚƉŽƌĐŚĨŽƌƚǁĞŶƚLJLJĞĂƌƐ͕ĂŶĚĨŽƌƚǁĞŶƚLJ LJĞĂƌƐƚŚĂƚƉŽƌĐŚǀŝĞǁŚĂĚĨĞůƚƚŚĞƐĂŵĞ͕ǁŝƚŚƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐƌĞŶŽǀĂƟŽŶƐ ĂŶĚĂůƚĞƌĂƟŽŶƐŝŶƚŚĞĐŽŵŵĞƌĐŝĂůƐĐĞŶĞƌLJ͘ŝůůŚĂĚĐŽŵĞƚŽĨĞĞů͕ŽŶ ůĂƚĞDŽŶĚĂLJŶŝŐŚƚƐ͕ƚŚĂƚŚĞĂŶĚƚŚĂƚƉŽƌĐŚŚĂĚĂƐĞĐƌĞƚ͕ĂĐŚƵŶŬŽĨ ĚĞĚŝĐĂƚĞĚƟŵĞƚŚĂƚŶŽŽŶĞĞůƐĞŬŶĞǁ͘ƵƌŝŶŐƚŚŝƐƟŵĞŚĞĐŽƵůĚƐƚĞƉ ŽƵƚƐŝĚĞŽĨŝůůĂŶĚƐĞĞŚŝŵĂƚĂŶŽƚŚĞƌĂŶŐůĞ͘/ƚǁĂƐĂŶŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚƟŵĞ ĨŽƌŝůů͕ĂŶĚĂŶŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚƟŵĞĨŽƌƚŚĞŐŚŽƐƚƐ͘ hŶƟůŶŽǁƚŚĞLJŚĂĚŶŽƌĞĂƐŽŶĨŽƌŐĞƫŶŐƚŽŬŶŽǁŚŝŵʹƚŚĞLJƐĂǁŚŝŵ only as the latest occupant in their spiritual home, no less a product ŽĨĐŽŶƚĞŵƉŽƌĂƌLJĐƵůƚƵƌĞƚŚĂŶƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌƐ͘tŚĂƚĐŽƵůĚƚŚĞLJĚŽǁŝƚŚ Śŝŵ͍tŚĂƚĚŝīĞƌĞŶĐĞĐŽƵůĚƚŚĞLJƉŽƐƐŝďůLJŵĂŬĞ͍dŚĞŝƌƉƌĞƐĞŶĐĞǁĂƐ ƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐŶŽƚĞĚ͕LJĞƐ͕ďƵƚŽŶůLJďLJƚŚŽƐĞǁŚŽǁĞƌĞǁŝůůŝŶŐĂŶĚĂďůĞ ƚŽƐĞĞďĞLJŽŶĚƚŚĞůŝŵŝƚĂƟŽŶƐŽĨƚŚĞŝƌŽǁŶŶĂƌƌŽǁǁŽƌůĚĂŶĚƟŵĞ͘ hŶƟůŶŽǁ͕ŝůůĚŝĚŶŽƚďĞůŽŶŐƚŽƚŚĂƚƐŵĂůůŐƌŽƵƉ͘ ƐŚĞƐĂƚƌŽĐŬŝŶŐ͕ŵĂŬŝŶŐƚŚĞŽŶůLJƐŽƵŶĚ͕ĂƐƚĞĂĚLJƉĂƩĞƌŶŽĨĨŽŽƚͲ ƐƚĞƉƐƌĞĂĐŚĞĚŚŝƐĞĂƌƐ͘,ĞůŽŽŬĞĚƵƉĂŶĚƐĂǁĂďŽLJĐŽŵŝŶŐƚŽǁĂƌĚ him. ͞,ŝDŝƐƚĞƌ^ƚĞĞƉƐ͕͟ƚŚĞďŽLJƐĂŝĚ͘ ͞,ĞLJ͘ƌĞŶ͛ƚLJŽƵ:ĂŬĞ͛ƐďŽLJ͍͟ ͞zĞĂŚ͘/ǁĂůŬďLJŚĞƌĞĂůŽƚ͘͟ ͞dŚŝƐŚŽƵƌ͍͟ ͞DLJŐŝƌůĨƌŝĞŶĚůŝǀĞƐĚŽǁŶƚŚĞƌŽĂĚ͘͟ ͞tŚĂƚĐĂŶ/ĚŽĨŽƌLJŽƵ͕ƐŽŶ͍͟ ͞EŽƚŚŝŶŐ͘/ǁĂƐũƵƐƚǁŽŶĚĞƌŝŶŐʹ/ǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽĂƐŬLJŽƵʹŝĨŝƚ͛ƐƚƌƵĞ ǁŚĂƚƚŚĞLJƐĂŝĚŽŶƚŚĞŶĞǁƐ͘͟ ŝůůƐƚŽƉƉĞĚƌŽĐŬŝŶŐ͘,ĞůŽŽŬĞĚƚŚĞďŽLJĐŽůĚŝŶƚŚĞĞLJĞ͘͞dŚĞLJǁĞƌĞ ŚĞƌĞ͕LJĞƐ͘ŶĚũƵƐƚĂŌĞƌƚŚĞLJůĞŌ͕ƚŚĞŵŽŶĞLJǁĂƐŐŽŶĞ͘EŽǁ/ĚŽŶ͛ƚ ŬŶŽǁŝĨƚŚŽƐĞŽĸĐĞƌƐǁĞƌĞũƵƐƟĮĞĚŝŶǁŚĂƚƚŚĞLJĚŝĚ͘ƵƚŽŶĞƚŚŝŶŐ /͛ůůƚĞůůLJŽƵ͗ƚŚŽƐĞďůĂĐŬƐǁĞƌĞĐƌŝŵŝŶĂůƐ͕ƉƵƌĞĂŶĚƐŝŵƉůĞ͘͟ dŚĞďŽLJůŽŽŬĞĚƉƵnjnjůĞĚ͘ 33 | LITRO


͞ƵƚƚŚĞLJ͛ƌĞƌĞŐƵůĂƌƐŚĞƌĞ͕ĂƌĞŶ͛ƚƚŚĞLJ͍͟ ͞EŽ͕ŶŽ͕ŶŽ͘EĞǀĞƌ͘ƚůĞĂƐƚŶŽƚƚŚĂƚ/ŬŶŽǁŽĨ͘ŶĚ/ŬŶŽǁǁŚŽ ĐŽŵĞƐƚŽƚŚŝƐƉůĂĐĞ͘/ůŝǀĞŚĞƌĞʹ͟,ĞƉŽŝŶƚĞĚƚŽƚŚĞƐĞĐŽŶĚƐƚŽƌĞLJ͘ ͞ǀĞƌLJŽŶĞǁŚŽĐŽŵĞƐƚŽƚŚŝƐďĂƌŝƐĂŐƵĞƐƚŝŶŵLJŚŽƵƐĞ͘DLJĨĂƚŚĞƌ ůŝǀĞĚŚĞƌĞƚŽŽ͕LJŽƵŬŶŽǁ͘dŚŝƐŚŽƵƐĞŚĂƐďĞĞŶŝŶƚŚĞĨĂŵŝůLJĨŽƌ ŐĞŶĞƌĂƟŽŶƐ͘DLJŚŽŶŽƵƌĂŶĚƌĞƉƵƚĂƟŽŶĂƌĞƟĞĚƚŽƚŚŝƐŚŽƵƐĞʹ͟,Ğ ƐƚŽƉƉĞĚ͕ďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĞďŽLJǁĂƐůŽŽŬŝŶŐŽīŝŶĂŶŽƚŚĞƌĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶ͕ŶŽƚ listening to him any more. ͞tŚĂƚ͍͟ƐĂŝĚŝůů͘ ͞tŚŽĂƌĞƚŚĞLJƚŚĞŶ͍͟dŚĞďŽLJƚƵƌŶĞĚŚŝƐŚĞĂĚƚŽǁĂƌĚƚŚĞĨĂƌĞŶĚ ŽĨƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚ͕ǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞĞdžͲƐůĂǀĞƐƐƚŽŽĚƵŶĚĞƌƐŚĂĚŽǁ͕ĂƐƐƟůůĂƐƚŚĞ ŶŝŐŚƚ͕ǁĞĂƌŝŶŐƋƵŝůƚƐƚŚĂƚǁĞƌĞĂƐƚƌĂŶƐůƵĐĞŶƚĂƐKĐƚŽďĞƌĐůŽƵĚƐŽǀĞƌ the moon. ͞,ĞLJŶŽǁ͊͟ŝůůƐŚŽƵƚĞĚ͘,ĞůŽŽŬĞĚĂƌŽƵŶĚĂŶĚƚŚŽƵŐŚƚƚŚĞLJŚĂĚ ŐŽŶĞ͘tĂƐŚĞƐĞĞŝŶŐƚŚŝŶŐƐ͍,ĂĚƚŚĞLJďĞĞŶƚŚĞƌĞĂůůĂůŽŶŐǁŝƚŚŚŝŵ͕ ŚŝƐƉƌŝǀĂƚĞƟŵĞǀŝŽůĂƚĞĚ͕ƚƌĞƐƉĂƐƐĞƌƐŽŶŚŝƐƚŚŽƵŐŚƚƐ͍ tŚĂƚŝĨƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞĐƌŝŵŝŶĂůƐƚŽŽ͕ĂǀĞŶŐĞƌƐŽĨƚŚŽƐĞƚŚĂƚŚĂĚďĞĞŶ ĐĂƵŐŚƚ͍,ĞũƵŵƉĞĚŽƵƚŽĨŚŝƐƐĞĂƚĂŶĚŚĞĂĚĞĚƚŽƚŚĞĚŽŽƌ͘KŶĐĞ ŝŶƐŝĚĞƚŚĞďĂƌ͕ŚĞŇŝĐŬĞĚŽŶƚŚĞŽǀĞƌŚĞĂĚůŝŐŚƚƐ͘dŚĞŵŽŶĞLJĚƌĂǁĞƌ ǁĂƐŶŽƚĨƵůůLJĐůŽƐĞĚ͊,ĞŚĂĚĐĂƵŐŚƚƚŚĞŵƚŚŝƐƟŵĞ͘^ŚŽƵůĚŚĞĐĂůů ĨŽƌŚĞůƉ͕LJĞůů͕ƌƵŶĂŌĞƌƚŚĞŵ͍,ĞŵĂĚĞŚŝƐǁĂLJƚŽƚŚĞĚƌĂǁĞƌ͕ƉƵůůĞĚ it open and lost his breath. All of the stolen bills had been returned. EŽƚŽŶĞǁĂƐĞǀĞŶŽƵƚŽĨƉůĂĐĞ͘ dŚĞďŽLJ͕ůĞŌĂůŽŶĞŽŶƚŚĞƉŽƌĐŚ͕ďĂĐŬĞĚĚŽǁŶƚŚĞƐƚĞƉƐ͘tŚŝůĞ ŚĞĂĚŝŶŐŚŽŵĞ͕ĐĂƌƌLJŝŶŐƚŚĞǁĞŝŐŚƚŽĨŚŝƐĨƵůůŚĞĂƌƚ͕ŚĞƚƵƌŶĞĚĂŶĚ ƐĂǁƚŚĞŵƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐƚŚĞƌĞĂŐĂŝŶ͕ƚŚŝƐƟŵĞǁĂǀŝŶŐ͕ƵŶĚĞƌĂƐŚŝŵŵĞƌŝŶŐ ŵŽŽŶůŝŐŚƚ͕ƵŶƟůŚĞǁĂǀĞĚďĂĐŬ͘

Mark Saba is the author of two short novels, dŚĞ >ĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞƐŽĨWĂƚĞƌ (The Vineyard Press, New York, 2004) and dŚĂĚĚĞƵƐKůƐĞŶ (in the volume ĞƐƉĞƌĂƚĞ ZĞŵĞĚŝĞƐ͕ Apis Books, London, 2008), as well as other stories, poems, and essays which have appeared in literary magazines. He is also a painter. See www.marksabawriter.com. LITRO | 34


() S. E. COHN

D

ĂLJĂƐƉŽŬĞƚŽŚŝŵŝŶĂƉĂƌĞŶƚŚĞƟĐĂůƚŽŶĞ͘/ƚǁĂƐĂůůǀĞƌLJ ƚŽŶŐƵĞͲŝŶͲĐŚĞĞŬ͘ƵƚŵĂLJďĞŚĞƌǁŚŽůĞůŝĨĞŚĂĚďĞĞŶƚŚĂƚ ǁĂLJ͖ĞŶĐĂƐĞĚŝŶƉĂƌĞŶƚŚĞƐĞƐ͘,ĞƌĨĂƚŚĞƌǁĂƐĂĨĂŵŽƵƐƌŽĂĚǁĂLJ ƉůĂLJǁƌŝŐŚƚĂŶĚŚĞƌŵŽƚŚĞƌĂƐŽĐŝĂůŝƚĞ͘ĐŚŝůĚǁĂƐƚŚĞŝƌƉĂƌĞŶƚŚĞƐĞƐ͘ ƐŽƌƚŽĨǁŚŝƐƉĞƌƚŽƚŚĞŝƌ:ĞǁŝƐŚƉĂƌĞŶƚƐ;ƚŽŐĞƚŽīƚŚĞŝƌďĂĐŬƐͿ͕Ă ƉƌŽŽĨ;ƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJůŽǀĞĚĞĂĐŚŽƚŚĞƌͿĂŶĚĂƌĞŵŝŶĚĞƌ;ƚŽďĞďĞƩĞƌƚŽ ŽŶĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌͿ͘ŶĚƐŚĞŐƌĞǁƵƉĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞϳϬƐŝŶĂŶhƉƉĞƌĂƐƚ^ŝĚĞ ŚŽƵƐĞŽĨĚĞĐĂĚĞŶƚƉĂƌƟĞƐǁŚĞƌĞĐŽƵƉůĞƐĐĂŵĞŽǀĞƌĂŶĚĚƌŽƉƉĞĚ ƚŚĞŝƌŬĞLJƐŝŶƚŽĂďŽǁů͘^ŚĞǁĂƐƚŽůĚƚŽƐƚĂLJŝŶŚĞƌƌŽŽŵĂŶĚƌĞĂĚ ŬƐ;ďƵƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐƐŚĞƉĞĞŬĞĚͿ͘DŽƐƚĐŽƵƉůĞƐƌĞũŽŝŶĞĚŚĂŶĚƐĂƚ ĚĂǁŶĂŶĚǁĂƚĐŚĞĚƚŚĞƐƵŶƌŝƐĞďĞĨŽƌĞůĞĂǀŝŶŐ͘ ŶĚƚĞŶLJĞĂƌƐůĂƚĞƌ͕ůŝŬĞƐŚĞƉƌĞĨĞƌƌĞĚ͕DĂLJĂǁĂƐǁŝƚŚĂƐƚƌĂLJ͘ DĞŶƉĂƐƐŝŶŐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŽǁŶŽīĞƌĞĚŚĞƌƚŚĞďĞƐƚůŽǀĞ͘/ƚǁĂƐĂůǁĂLJƐ ƌŽŵĂŶƟĐĂŶĚĐĂƉƌŝĐŝŽƵƐ͘>ŝŬĞƚŚĞŵĞŶƐŚĞƐƉŝĞĚŽŶLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽĨƌŽŵ ŚĞƌďĞĚƌŽŽŵĚŽŽƌ͕ƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞƉĂƐƐŝŽŶĂƚĞ͕ĚĞƐƉĞƌĂƚĞĂŶĚůŽǀĞĚƚŽ ǁŚŝƐƉĞƌ͘ ͞dĞůůƚŚĞŵLJŽƵĨŽƵŶĚĂůŽǀĞƌ͕͟ŚĞǁŚŝƐƉĞƌĞĚŝŶƚŽŚĞƌĞĂƌĂŌĞƌ ŚĞĐĂŵĞ͘,ĞǁĂŶƚĞĚŚĞƌƚŽĐĂůůŚĞƌƉĂƌĞŶƚƐĂŶĚŐĞƚƐŽŵĞĚŽƵŐŚĨŽƌ ƚŚĞƚǁŽŽĨƚŚĞŵƚŽŚŝƚƚŚĞƌŽĂĚƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ͘͞DLJďƌŽƚŚĞƌŚĂƐĂƉůĂĐĞŝŶ &ůŽƌŝĚĂ͘͟ ^ŚĞƐŶŝĐŬĞƌĞĚĂŶĚƌĂŝƐĞĚŚĞƌĞLJĞƐƐƵŐŐĞƐƟǀĞůLJ͘ ͞tŚŽƐĂLJƐLJŽƵ͛ƌĞƚŚĞŽŶůLJŽŶĞ͍͟^ŚĞƌĞĂĐŚĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞďŽƩůĞŽĨ ďĞĞƌŽŶƚŚĞŶŝŐŚƚƐƚĂŶĚĂŶĚůŝƉƉĞĚŝƚƉůĂLJĨƵůůLJ͕ƟůƟŶŐŚĞƌŚĞĂĚďĂĐŬĂƐ ƐŚĞƐǁĂůůŽǁĞĚ͘ ͞KŚĐ͛ŵŽŶ͊͟ŚĞƉůĞĂĚĞĚ͘͞dŚĞƚŚŝŶŐƐLJŽƵƐĂŝĚ͊tĞĐĂŶďĞ ƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ͊͟,ĞƚƌŝĞĚƚĂŬŝŶŐŚĞƌŝŶƚŽŚŝƐĂƌŵƐ͕ďƵƚƐŚĞƚƵƌŶĞĚŚĞƌďĂĐŬ ƚŽǁĂƌĚƐŚŝŵĂŶĚƌĞƉůŝĞĚ͕͞ŶĚĚŽǁŚĂƚ͍;tĂƚĐŚƚŚĞƐƵŶƌŝƐĞ͍Ϳ͟

S.E. Cohn is a writer from Ventura, California. His work has appeared in tŽƌĚZŝŽƚ and tĂŶĚĞƌůƵƐƚZĞǀŝĞǁ͕ as well as weekly newspapers throughout California ĂŶĚ/ĚĂŚŽ͘,ĞŚĂĚĂƚǁŽͲLJĞĂƌƐƟŶƚŝŶĂƐĞŵŝͲƉƌŽ Mexican hardball league. He played catcher and ďĂƩĞĚ͘ϯϰϳ͕ďƵƚƚŚƌĞǁŽƵƚŽŶůLJŽŶĞƌƵŶŶĞƌ͘,ĞŝƐĂůƐŽ the frontman for The Pullmen, a Southern California rock band. 35 | LITRO


SONG OF THE BUSBOY RYAN BUYNAK /ŶƚŚĞĞLJĞƐŽĨƐĞŶĂƚŽƌƐƚƌĂŶŐĞƌƐ͕ ƚŚĞLJĂƌĞŚĞůƉ͕ũƵƐƚ͘ ƚŚĞLJĂƌĞŶŽƚďůƵĞͲĐŽůůĂƌ͕ ďƵƚƚŚĞLJĂƌĞŶŽƚƉĂƌŬŝŶŐůŽƚĂƩĞŶĚĂŶƚƐ͘ EŽŽŶĞǁĂŶƚƐƚŽŚĞĂƌƚŚĞŝƌƐƚŽƌŝĞƐĂŶLJŵŽƌĞ͕ ŽŵĞůĞƩĞƐĂŶĚĐŝŐĂƌĞƩĞƐ͕ ŵĂŝŶƚĞŶĂŶĐĞĂŶĚƚǀƐĞƚƐ͕ ǁŚŽŚĂƐƟŵĞĨŽƌƌŽŵĂŶĐĞ͍ /ŶƚŚĞƐĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐ ĂůŽŶŐƚŚŝƐ'ƵůĨŽĨDĞdžŝĐŽ͕ ŐŽŝŶŐƚŽŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJŽůůĞŐĞ͕ illegal as can be. dŚŝƐŝƐƚŚĞƐŽŶŐŽĨƚŚĞďƵƐďŽLJ ƉůĂLJŝŶŐĮǀĞŶŝŐŚƚƐĂǁĞĞŬ ƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐƐŝdž͕ĚĞƉĞŶĚŝŶŐ ŝĨƐŽŵĞŽŶĞŶĞĞĚƐĂƐŚŝŌĐŽǀĞƌĞĚ͘

Ryan Buynak is a very good-looking young man who ŚĂƉƉĞŶƐƚŽďĞƚŚĞĨƵƚƵƌĞŽĨŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƉŽĞƟĐƐ͘ LITRO | 36


NIGHT AND DAY JANICE SHAPIRO

B

ĂdžƚĞƌŝƐĐƌLJŝŶŐŽŶƚŚĞƉŚŽŶĞ͘,ĞŝƐĂŶĞǁĐůŝĞŶƚĂŶĚǀĞƌLJLJŽƵŶŐ͕ ŶŽƚLJĞƚƚǁĞŶƚLJ͕ƐŽ/ĂŵďĞŝŶŐƉĂƟĞŶƚ͘/ƚŝƐŽŶĞŝŶƚŚĞŵŽƌŶŝŶŐ ĂŶĚ/ƐƚĂƌĞŽƵƚƚŚĞďĞĚƌŽŽŵǁŝŶĚŽǁĂƚƚŚĞĚĂƌŬƐƵƌĨ͕ŵĂŝŶůLJďůĂĐŬ ǁŝƚŚƌŝƐŝŶŐůŝŶĞƐŽĨŐŚŽƐƚůLJǁŚŝƚĞ͘ ͞:ĞǁĞů͛ƐůĞŌŵĞ͕͟ĂdžƚĞƌƐŽŵĞŚŽǁŵĂŶĂŐĞƐƚŽĐŽƵŐŚŽƵƚďĞƚǁĞĞŶ sobs. ͞dŚĂƚ͛ƐƚĞƌƌŝďůĞ͕ďĂďLJ͕͟/ƐĂLJ͕ĂŶĚƐŝŶĐĞŵLJůŝŐŚƚŝƐŶŽǁŽŶ͕ĐŚĞĐŬƚŚĞ ďĞĚƐŝĚĞůĂĐŬĞƌƌLJƚŽƐĞĞǁŚĂƚ͛ƐůŝŶĞĚƵƉĨŽƌƚŚĞŶĞdžƚĚĂLJʹǁĞůů͕ ƚĞĐŚŶŝĐĂůůLJƚŚĂƚĚĂLJ͕^ĂƚƵƌĚĂLJ͘/ƚ͛ƐƉƌĞƩLJŽƉĞŶƵŶƟůĂůĂƚĞĂŌĞƌŶŽŽŶ ďĂƌďĞƋƵĞĂƚĂƐƚƵĚŝŽĞdžĞĐ͛ƐŚŽƵƐĞ͕ĂĐŽŶĐĞƌƚǁŝƚŚĂĐĂƐƟŶŐĂŐĞŶƚ͕ ĂŶĚƚŚĞŶĂƉĂƌƚLJĂƚƚŚĞŚŽŵĞŽĨĂŶŽƚͲƐŽͲŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚͲĂƚͲƚŚĞͲŵŽŵĞŶƚͲ ďƵƚͲĐŽƵůĚͲďĞĐŽŵĞͲďŝŐƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƌ͘ ͞/ŵĞĂŶ͕ůŝŬĞ͙ůŝŬĞ͙ůŝŬĞ͙ƐŚĞ͛ƐƌĞĂůůLJŐŽŶĞ͙͟ĂdžƚĞƌƐĂLJƐǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĂƚƉĂƚŚĞƟĐƐŝŶĐĞƌŝƚLJĐŽŵŵŽŶƚŽƐŽŵĂŶLJŽĨƚŚĞŶĞǁůLJƐŝŐŶĞĚʹƚŚĞ ďĞĂƵƟĨƵůLJŽƵŶŐŵĞŶǁŚŽƐĞĂĐƟŶŐĐĂƌĞĞƌƐ/ŵĂŶĂŐĞ͘͞^ŚĞĞǀĞŶƚŽŽŬ ƚŚĞƉĂŶĚĂ͕ŵĂŶ͘͟ ͞tŚĂƚƉĂŶĚĂ͍͟/ƚŽƐƐƚŚĞůĂĐŬĞƌƌLJďĂĐŬŽŶƚŚĞŶŝŐŚƚͲƚĂďůĞĂŶĚƉŝĐŬ ƵƉƚŚĞŵŝƌƌŽƌƚŽƐĞĞŝĨ/͛ĚďĞĞŶƐůĞĞƉŝŶŐǁĞŝƌĚ͘ ͞dŚĞďůĂĐŬͲĂŶĚͲǁŚŝƚĞŽŶĞ͘͟ ͞ůůƉĂŶĚĂƐĂƌĞďůĂĐŬĂŶĚǁŚŝƚĞ͕ĚĂƌůŝŶŐ͕͟/ƐĂLJ͕ĂŶĚĂŵƌĞůŝĞǀĞĚƚŽƐĞĞ ŵLJĐŚĞĞŬƐĂƌĞĐƌĞĂƐĞĨƌĞĞĂŶĚĞLJĞƐŶŽƚƚŽŽŚŝĚĞŽƵƐůLJƉƵīLJ͘ ͞>ŝŶŐͲ>ŝŶŐ͘:ĞǁĞůĂůǁĂLJƐƐůĞĞƉƐǁŝƚŚ>ŝŶŐͲ>ŝŶŐ͙dŚĂƚ͛ƐůŝŬĞ͕ŚŽǁ/ ŬŶŽǁƐŚĞŝƐŶ͛ƚĐŽŵŝŶŐďĂĐŬ͙͟ ͞'Žƚŝƚ͕͟/ƐĂLJ͕ĂŶĚƚŚŝŶŬƚŚĞƐĞŬŝĚƐĂƌĞƐŽŵƵĐŚLJŽƵŶŐĞƌƚŚĂŶ/ ƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌďĞŝŶŐǁŚĞŶ/ǁĂƐƚŚĞŝƌĂŐĞ͘tŚĂƚƚŚĞĨƵĐŬĚŝĚƚŚĞŝƌ ƉĂƌĞŶƚƐĚŽƚŽƌĞƚĂƌĚƚŚŝƐŐĞŶĞƌĂƟŽŶ͛ƐĞŵŽƟŽŶĂůĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚƐŽ ƵŶŝĨŽƌŵůLJ͍ ͞tŚĂƚƐŚŽƵůĚ/ĚŽ͕WĞŐ͍/ŵĞĂŶ͕ůŝŬĞ͕ƌĞĂůůLJ͕/ƚŚŝŶŬ/ůŽǀĞŚĞƌ͙tŚĂƚ 37 | LITRO


ƐŚŽƵůĚ/ĚŽ͍͟ĂdžƚĞƌĂƐŬƐ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞƐǁĞĞƚƚŚŝŶŐŝƐŚĞƌĞĂůůLJǁĂŶƚƐƚŽ ŬŶŽǁ͘,ĞǁĂŶƚƐŵĞƚŽƚĞůůŚŝŵ͘ /ƐŚĂŬĞŵLJŚĞĂĚĂŶĚƐĂLJƋƵŝĞƚůLJ͕͞tŚLJĚŽŶ͛ƚLJŽƵũƵƐƚĐŽŵĞŽǀĞƌ͕ ďĂďLJ͍͟ ,ĞŚĞƐŝƚĂƚĞƐĂŶĚŝŶƚŚĂƚŚĞƐŝƚĂƟŽŶ/ĮŶĚŵLJƐĞůĨƌĞĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌŝŶŐ͘ ůƚŚŽƵŐŚŚĞŝƐĂƐƚƵŶŶŝŶŐLJŽƵŶŐŵĂŶ͕ƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐ͕ĂƚŵLJĂŐĞ͕ĨŽƌƚLJͲ ŽŶĞ͕ĂŐŽŽĚŶŝŐŚƚ͛ƐƐůĞĞƉŝƐŵŽƌĞƚĞŵƉƟŶŐƚŚĂŶƐĞdžĂŶĚ/ĂŵũƵƐƚ ĂďŽƵƚƚŽƌĞƚƌĂĐƚƚŚĞŝŶǀŝƚĂƟŽŶǁŚĞŶŚĞƐĂLJƐƐŽŌůLJ͕ůŝŬĞĂŶŽďĞĚŝĞŶƚ ĐŚŝůĚ͕͞KŬĂLJ͘͟ ŚĞĐŬŝŶŐƚŚĞƌĞĨƌŝŐĞƌĂƚŽƌ͕/ƐĞĞƚŚĞƌĞĂƌĞƐƟůůĂĐŽƵƉůĞŽĨďŽƩůĞƐŽĨ ƌŽŽƚďĞĞƌ͕ĂdžƚĞƌ͛ƐĚƌŝŶŬŽĨĐŚŽŝĐĞ͘/Ĩ>ĞŽŶŽŶůLJŬŶĞǁ͕/ƚŚŝŶŬ͕ŚĞ ǁŽƵůĚďĞƵƩĞƌůLJĚŝƐŐƵƐƚĞĚ͘ǀĞŶƐĞǀĞŶLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͕ŚĞƵƐĞĚƚŽďĞŵŽĂŶ ƚŚĞĨĂĐƚƚŚĂƚ͞ƚŚĞďŽLJƐ͟ũƵƐƚĚŝĚŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁŚŽǁƚŽŚĂǀĞĂŐŽŽĚƟŵĞ any more. ͞ĐƐƚĂƐLJ͊ZĂǀĞƐ͊^ŶŽǁďŽĂƌĚŝŶŐ͊͟ŚĞǁŽƵůĚƐŚŽƵƚ͘͞'ŝǀĞŵĞĂŐŽŽĚ ŽůĚͲĨĂƐŚŝŽŶĞĚƌĞǀŽůƵƟŽŶĂƌLJ͕ĂŶLJĚĂLJ͊͟ ͞zĞƐ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐŶŽƌĞǀŽůƵƟŽŶĂƚƚŚĞŵŝŶƵƚĞ͕>ĞŽŶ͕͟/ǁŽƵůĚďĞ forced to remind him. ͞KŚ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͕͟ŚĞ͛ĚƐĂLJǁŝƐƞƵůůLJ͕ĂŶĚĚƌĂƉĞŚŝƐĂƌŵĂƌŽƵŶĚŵLJƐŚŽƵůĚĞƌ͕ ĂŶĚďĞĐĂƵƐĞŝƚǁĂƐ>ĞŽŶ͕ŝƚĂůǁĂLJƐĨĞůƚƐĞdžLJďĞĐĂƵƐĞĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐŚĞ ĚŝĚǁĂƐƐĞdžLJ͘͞dŚĞďŽLJƐ/ƵƐĞĚƚŽŵĞĞƚĂƚWĞŽƉůĞ͛ƐWĂƌŬ͕LJŽƵǁŽƵůĚ ŶŽƚďĞůŝĞǀĞ͙͟ /ǁĂƐƚǁĞŶƚLJͲƚǁŽ͕ũƵƐƚŽƵƚŽĨĐŽůůĞŐĞǁŚĞŶ/ǁĂƐƐĞŶƚďLJĂƚĞŵƉ ĂŐĞŶĐLJƚŽǁŽƌŬĨŽƌ>ĞŽŶ͕ŽŶĞŽĨƚŚĞďŝŐŐĞƐƚƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůŵĂŶĂŐĞƌƐŝŶ ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚ͕ĂŶĚ/ƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌƚŚŝŶŬŝŶŐ/ĐŽƵůĚŶ͛ƚďĞůƵĐŬŝĞƌ͘/ŵĞĂŶ͕ >ĞŽŶǁĂƐŐŽƌŐĞŽƵƐ͕ĨƵŶŶLJ͕ƐŵĂƌƚ͕ĂŶĚŐĂLJ͕ƐŽďĂƐŝĐĂůůLJŝƚǁĂƐƐĂĨĞ ƚŽĂƐŬŚŝŵƚŚŝŶŐƐ/ĨĞůƚĞǀĞƌLJLJŽƵŶŐǁŽŵĂŶƐƚĂƌƟŶŐĂĐĂƌĞĞƌŝŶ ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽŬŶŽǁ͕ůŝŬĞŚŽǁĚŽLJŽƵŵĂŬĞĂƐƚƵĚŝŽĞdžĞĐƵƟǀĞ ƌĞƚƵƌŶLJŽƵƌƉŚŽŶĞĐĂůůƐ͕ĂŶĚǁŚĂƚĞdžĂĐƚůLJĐŽŶƐƟƚƵƚĞƐĂŐŽŽĚďůŽǁ ũŽď͘/ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁŝĨŚĞǁĂƐĂƐŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞůLJƚĂŬĞŶǁŝƚŚŵĞ͕ďƵƚĂŌĞƌ /ǁŽƌŬĞĚĨŽƌŚŝŵĂĨĞǁĚĂLJƐĂŶĚŝƚǁĂƐƌĞǀĞĂůĞĚ/ŚĂĚďĞĞŶĂŚŝƐƚŽƌLJ ŵĂũŽƌĂƚĂƌŶĂƌĚĂŶĚǁƌŝƩĞŶŵLJƚŚĞƐŝƐŽŶƚŚĞŚŝŶĞƐĞZĞǀŽůƵƟŽŶ͕ ŚĞĚĞĐŝĚĞĚƚŽŬĞĞƉŵĞŽŶĂƐĂƉĞƌŵĂŶĞŶƚĞŵƉůŽLJĞĞ͘ ͞>ŽƵŝĞ͕͟ŚĞŶŝĐŬŶĂŵĞĚŵĞ͕ŝŶĂŶŽĚƚŽĂƐĂďůĂŶĐĂ, “this could be the ďĞŐŝŶŶŝŶŐŽĨĂďĞĂƵƟĨƵůĨƌŝĞŶĚƐŚŝƉ͘͟

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ŽŶƐŝĚĞƌŝŶŐŚŝƐŚĞĂƌƚďƌŽŬĞŶƐƚĂƚĞ͕ŝƚĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚƚĂŬĞŵĞůŽŶŐƚŽŐĞƚ ĂdžƚĞƌŝŶƚŚĞƐĂĐŬ͕ŽƌƌĂƚŚĞƌĨŽƌŚŝŵƚŽƚŚŝŶŬŚĞŐŽƚŵĞŝŶƚŚĞƐĂĐŬ͘ dŚĂƚ͛ƐƚŚĞŐĂŵĞ͗/ƉƌĞƚĞŶĚƚŽďĞƐĞĚƵĐĞĚǁŚŝůĞ͕ĂůůĂůŽŶŐ͕/͛ŵĚŽŝŶŐ ƚŚĞƐĞĚƵĐŝŶŐ͘/ƚǁŽƌŬƐ͕ǁŚĂƚĐĂŶ/ƚĞůůLJŽƵ͍ĂdžƚĞƌŝƐĂďĞĂƵƟĨƵůďŽLJ ĂƐ͕/ŐƵĞƐƐ͕ƚŚĞLJĂůůĂƌĞ͘ůŽŶĚ͕ƚĂůů͕ǁŝƚŚĂƉĞƌĨĞĐƚ͕ŚĂŝƌůĞƐƐďŽĚLJʹ LJŽƵƌŝĚĞĂů^^ĐĂŶĚŝĚĂƚĞ͕ƚŚĞŽŶĞ,ŝƚůĞƌǁŽƵůĚĚĞĮŶŝƚĞůLJŚĂǀĞƚŚƌŽǁŶ ŝŶƚŽƚŚĂƚŵĂƐƐͲƉƌŽĚƵĐŝŶŐƌLJĂŶďĂďŝĞƐƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘tŚĞŶ/ŬŝƐƐŚŝŵ/ ĐĂŶƐƟůůƚĂƐƚĞƚŚĞďůĂŶĚŶĞƐƐŽĨŚŝƐďŽLJŚŽŽĚƐƉĞŶƚŝŶ<ĂŶƐĂƐŽƌKŚŝŽ ŽƌƐŽŵĞŽƚŚĞƌŇĂƚƐƚĂƚĞƚŚĂƚĐŽŶũƵƌĞƐŝŵĂŐĞƐŽĨĐŽƌŶĚŽŐƐ͕ǁŚŝƚĞ ĐŚƵƌĐŚƐƚĞĞƉůĞƐ͕ĂŶĚǁĞĞŬĞŶĚƐŽĨŚĞĂƌƚͲƐƚŽƉƉŝŶŐďŽƌĞĚŽŵ͘ ͞dŚŝŶŬŽĨŝƚĂƐƉĂƌƚŽĨLJŽƵƌŽǀĞƌĂůůďĞŶĞĮƚƐƉĂĐŬĂŐĞ͕͟>ĞŽŶƐĂŝĚǁŚĞŶ /ĚŽƵďƚĞĚƚŚĞĞƚŚŝĐĂůĐŽƌƌĞĐƚŶĞƐƐŽĨŽƵƌĂůŵŽƐƚͲƌŽƵƟŶĞƉƌĂĐƟĐĞŽĨ ƐůĞĞƉŝŶŐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞĐůŝĞŶƚƐ͘͞ŶĚŝƚ͛ƐĂŚĞůůŽĨĂůŽƚŵŽƌĞĨƵŶƚŚĂŶĨƵůů ĚĞŶƚĂů͘͟ ^Ɵůů͕ƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐ/ĨĞĞůĨƵŶŶLJĚŽŝŶŐǁŚĂƚ/ĂŵĚŽŝŶŐŝŶǁŚĂƚǁĂƐ ŽŶĐĞ>ĞŽŶ͛ƐďĞĚ͕ŝŶǁŚĂƚǁĂƐŽŶĐĞ>ĞŽŶ͛ƐŚŽƵƐĞ͕ĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐĂůŵŽƐƚ ĞdžĂĐƚůLJƚŚĞǁĂLJŚĞůĞŌŝƚƐĞǀĞŶLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͕ĨƵƌŶŝƚƵƌĞ͕ƐŚĞĞƚƐ͕ƚŽǁĞůƐ͕ ĂƌƚʹĞdžĐĞƉƚ/ƚŽŽŬĚŽǁŶĂůůƚŚĞƉŝĐƚƵƌĞƐŽĨ>ĞŽŶĂŶĚƉƵƚƚŚĞŵŝŶ ŵŝůŬĐƌĂƚĞƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞŝŶƐƚŽƌĂŐĞŝŶŵLJƐŝƐƚĞƌ͛ƐŐĂƌĂŐĞŝŶƵůǀĞƌŝƚLJ͘ŶĚ ŝƚ͛ƐŶŽƚůŝŬĞ/ƚŚŝŶŬŚĞǁŽƵůĚŵŝŶĚŵĞƐůĞĞƉŝŶŐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞďŽLJƐŝŶŚŝƐ ďĞĚʹƋƵŝƚĞƚŚĞŽƉƉŽƐŝƚĞƌĞĂůůLJʹďƵƚŝƚ͛ƐŵŽƌĞůŝŬĞ/ƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐǁŽƌƌLJ /ĐĂŶ͛ƚůŝǀĞƵƉƚŽƚŚĞĂĐŚŝĞǀĞŵĞŶƚƐŽĨƚŚĞďĞĚ͛ƐƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐŽĐĐƵƉĂŶƚ͕ ƚŚĂƚ/ĂŵŶŽƚ͕ŶŽƌĞǀĞƌǁŝůůďĞ͕ĂƐŐŽŽĚĂƐ>ĞŽŶǁĂƐƌƵŵŽƵƌĞĚƚŽďĞ ŝŶĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐ͕ďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐ͕ƐĞdž͕ĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐ͕ĞǀĞŶĚĞĂƚŚ͘ ͞zŽƵ͛ƌĞĂŵĂnjŝŶŐ͕͟ĂdžƚĞƌǁŚŝƐƉĞƌƐĂƐŚĞŚƵŐƐŵĞĐůŽƐĞĨƌŽŵďĞŚŝŶĚ in a postcoital cuddle. ͞EŽ͕ƐǁĞĞƟĞ͕LJŽƵ͛ƌĞƚŚĞĂŵĂnjŝŶŐŽŶĞ͕͟/ƐĂLJďĞĐĂƵƐĞ͕ŵĂŝŶůLJ͕ŝƚŝƐŵLJ ũŽďƚŽƐĂLJƐŚŝƚůŝŬĞƚŚĂƚ͘ ͞zĞĂŚ͍͟ŚĞĂƐŬƐƐŽƐŚLJůLJƚŚĂƚŝĨ/ƐƟůůŚĂĚĂŚĞĂƌƚ͕ŝƚŵŝŐŚƚĂĐƚƵĂůůLJ ĐƌƵŵďůĞ͕ďƵƚŝŶƐƚĞĂĚ͕/ƚƵƌŶŽǀĞƌĂŶĚůŝŐŚƚůLJŬŝƐƐƚŚĞƚŽƉŽĨŚŝƐŚĞĂĚ ůŝŬĞLJŽƵǁŽƵůĚƚŽĐŽŵĨŽƌƚĂƐĐĂƌĞĚĐŚŝůĚŝŶƚŚĞŵŝĚĚůĞŽĨƚŚĞŶŝŐŚƚ͘ ͞KŚ͕ƚŽƚĂůůLJ͕͟/ƐĂLJĂŶĚƐŝŐŚ͘͞dŽƚĂůůLJ͘͟ ĂdžƚĞƌƌĞůĂdžĞƐŝŶŵLJĂƌŵƐĂŶĚ/ĐĂŶƚĞůůŚĞŝƐĂůŵŽƐƚĂƐůĞĞƉǁŚĞŶ/ ĂƐŬŝŶĂƐƚƵĚŝĞĚĐĂƐƵĂůǁĂLJ͕͞LJƚŚĞǁĂLJ͘zŽƵŶĞǀĞƌĐĂůůĞĚ͘,Žǁ͛ĚƚŚĂƚ ĂƵĚŝƟŽŶŐŽƚŽĚĂLJ͍͟

39 | LITRO


͞,ƵŚ͍͟,ĞďůŝŶŬƐĂŶĚƐƟīĞŶƐƐůŝŐŚƚůLJ͘ ͞dŚĞŽŶĞĂƚ&Ždž͕͟/ƐĂLJŝŶĂƐƟůůƌĞůĂƟǀĞůLJŶŝĐĞďƵƚĨŽĐƵƐĞĚǁĂLJ͘͞dŚĞ ĐŽŵĞĚLJƚŚĞĂŶŬĞƌŵĂŶƐĂƌĞƉƌŽĚƵĐŝŶŐ͘͟ ͞KŚ͙LJĞĂŚ͙ƚŚĂƚŽŶĞ͘dŚĞLJƐĂŝĚ/ǁĂƐ͙ŐŽŽĚ͕͟ŚĞŵƵŵďůĞƐ͕ĂŶĚ/ ŬŶŽǁŚĞŝƐůLJŝŶŐ͘ ͞KŚ͕ƌĞĂůůLJ͍͟/ƐĂLJ͕ďĞĐĂƵƐĞǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJ͛ƌĞŶĞǁĂŶĚLJŽƵŶŐ͕ƚŚĂƚ͛ƐĂůů/ ŚĂǀĞƚŽƐĂLJ͘dŚĞLJƐƟůůĨĞĂƌŵĞŽŶĂĐĞƌƚĂŝŶůĞǀĞůĂŶĚǁŽŶ͛ƚƚƌLJƚŽƉĂƐƐ ƚŚĞƵŶƚƌƵĞŽī͕ǁŚŝĐŚ/͛ǀĞŶŽƟĐĞĚƚŚĞƐĞLJŽƵŶŐĂĐƚŽƌƐĚŽƌŽƵƟŶĞůLJ ĂŌĞƌƚŚĞLJ͛ǀĞďĞĞŶĂƌŽƵŶĚƚŚĞƉƌŽǀĞƌďŝĂůďůŽĐŬ͘ ͞tĞůů͙LJŽƵŬŶŽǁǁŚĂƚ͕ĂĐƚƵĂůůLJ͍͟ĂdžƚĞƌĐƵƌůƐŚŝƐůĞŐƐƵƉƚŽŚŝƐĐŚŝŶ ŝŶĂĨĞƚĂůƉŽƐŝƟŽŶ͘͞/ŬŝŶĚŽĨ͕ůŝŬĞ͕ŵŝƐƐĞĚŝƚ͘͟ ͞zŽƵŬŝŶĚŽĨ͕ůŝŬĞ͕ŵŝƐƐĞĚŝƚ͍͟/ƌĞƉĞĂƚ͘ ͞zĞĂŚ͙ǁĞůů͕:ĞǁĞůǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽŐŽŝĐĞƐŬĂƟŶŐƐŽ͙͟,ŝƐǀŽŝĐĞƚƌĂŝůƐŽī ƚŽŶŽƚŚŝŶŐŶĞƐƐ͕ŝŶƚŽƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚŽĨĂůůŐƵŝůƚLJůŝƩůĞďŽLJƐ͘ ͞EŽƚŐŽŽĚ͕ĂdžƚĞƌ͕͟/ƐĂLJǀĞƌLJƋƵŝĞƚůLJ͘͞tĞĐĂŶ͛ƚƐƚĂƌƚŵŝƐƐŝŶŐ ŝŶƚĞƌǀŝĞǁƐ͘ŽLJŽƵŬŶŽǁŚŽǁĨĂƐƚƚŚĂƚŬŝŶĚŽĨƌĞƉƵƚĂƟŽŶŐĞƚƐ ĂƌŽƵŶĚ͍WƌĞƩLJ͕ƉƌĞƩLJĨĂƐƚ͘ŶĚĂƚƚŚŝƐƉŽŝŶƚ͕ƚŚĞLJ͛ƌĞĚŽŝŶŐƵƐĂ ĨĂǀŽƵƌďLJƐĞĞŝŶŐLJŽƵ͘hŶƟůƚŚĞLJŶĞĞĚLJŽƵ͕ƐǁĞĞƚŚĞĂƌƚ͕ŶŽďŽĚLJŝŶƚŚŝƐ ƚŽǁŶŶĞĞĚƐLJŽƵ͘͟ dŽĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚĞŚŽǁĚŝƐĂƉƉŽŝŶƚĞĚ/Ăŵ͕/ƐůŽǁůLJƌŽůůŽƵƚŽĨďĞĚĂŶĚ ǁƌĂƉĂƌŽďĞ͕>ĞŽŶ͛ƐŽůĚƐŝůŬƌŽďĞƚŽďĞƉƌĞĐŝƐĞ͕ĂƌŽƵŶĚŵLJƐĞůĨ͘/ƐƚĞƉ ŽǀĞƌƚŽƚŚĞ&ƌĞŶĐŚĚŽŽƌƐĂŶĚƐƚĂƌĞƉĂƐƚƚŚĞĚĞĐŬĂƚƚŚĞĚĂƌŬƌĞƐƚůĞƐƐ ǁĂƚĞƌ͘/ŚĂǀĞůŝǀĞĚŚĞƌĞƐŽůŽŶŐƚŚĂƚ/ĚŽŶ͛ƚĞǀĞŶƐŵĞůůƚŚĞĞŶĞƌŐŝnjŝŶŐ scent of the sea and all of its hidden life or hear the constant but ǀĂƌŝĞĚďĞĂƚŽĨƚŚĞƐƵƌĨĂŶLJŵŽƌĞ͘dŽƚĂŬĞŶŽƟĐĞ͕/ŚĂǀĞƚŽŵĂŬĞĂ ĐŽŶĐĞƌƚĞĚĞīŽƌƚ͕ĂŶĚ/ǁŽŶĚĞƌǀĂŐƵĞůLJ͕ǁŚĂƚĞůƐĞŚĂǀĞ/ƐƚŽƉƉĞĚ ŶŽƟĐŝŶŐ͍ ͞KŚ͕WĞŐŐLJ͕ĚŽŶ͛ƚďĞŵĂĚ͕͟ĂdžƚĞƌƉƌĂĐƟĐĂůůLJǁŚŝŶĞƐĂƐŚĞũƵŵƉƐŽƵƚ ŽĨďĞĚ͘/ƚƵƌŶĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵƚŚĞĚĂƌŬŽĐĞĂŶĂŶĚũƵƐƚƐƚĂƌĞĂƚƚŚĞŬŝĚǁŚŽ ƐƚĂŶĚƐĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞůLJŶĂŬĞĚ͕ƐŽLJŽƵŶŐ/ĐĂŶĂůŵŽƐƚƐŵĞůůƚŚĞŶĞǁŶĞƐƐ ŽĨƚŚĞŵƵƐĐůĞƐƚŚĂƚŚĂǀĞĂƉƉĞĂƌĞĚŽŶŚŝƐůŝƩůĞďŽLJĨƌĂŵĞ͘^ůŽǁůLJ͕ ŚŝƐĂƌŵƐŽƉĞŶůŝŬĞĂďŝƌĚƉƌĞƉĂƌŝŶŐĨŽƌŇŝŐŚƚŽƌĂŵĂƌƚLJƌĂďŽƵƚƚŽďĞ ŚĂŵŵĞƌĞĚ͕ƉĂƚŚĞƟĐĂůůLJŽīĞƌŝŶŐƵƉƚŚĞŽŶůLJƚŚŝŶŐƐŚĞŚĂƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞŽĨ ĂŶLJǀĂůƵĞƚŽŵĞʹŚŝƐďĞĂƵƚLJ͕ŚŝƐLJŽƵƚŚ͕ŚŝƐƉƌŽŵŝƐĞʹŝŶƉĞŶĂŶĐĞ͘ LITRO | 40


͞WůĞĂƐĞ͕͟ŚĞǁŚŝƐƉĞƌƐ͕ĂŶĚ/͕ƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞĚĂƌŬŶĞƐƐ͕ƚŚĞĐŽŽůƐŝůŬ ŽĨ>ĞŽŶ͛ƐĨĂĚĞĚďůĂĐŬƌŽďĞďƌƵƐŚŝŶŐĂŐĂŝŶƐƚŵLJďŽĚLJ͕ĐŽǀĞƌŝŶŐǁŚĂƚ/ ŬŶŽǁŝƐŶŽůŽŶŐĞƌĂŶLJŽŶĞ͛ƐƐƚĂŶĚĂƌĚŽĨƉĞƌĨĞĐƟŽŶ͕ĐƌŽƐƐŵLJĂƌŵƐĂŶĚ ĚŽǁŚĂƚ>ĞŽŶƚĂƵŐŚƚŵĞƚŽŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶƚŚĞƉŽǁĞƌͶďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĂƚŝƐĂůů ǁĞŚĂǀĞ͗ĂŬŝŶĚŽĨƉŽǁĞƌŽǀĞƌƚŚĞƐĞŬŝĚƐ͕ƚŚĞƐĞďŽLJƐ͕ƚŚĞƐĞďĞĂƵƟĨƵů ƐƉĞĐŝŵĞŶƐƚŚĂƚ/͛ŵŚŽƉŝŶŐǁŝůůŵĂŬĞŵĞƌŝĐŚ͕Žƌ͕ŵŽƌĞƚƌƵƚŚĨƵůůLJ͕ richer. ͞<ĞĞƉ͛ĞŵŐƵĞƐƐŝŶŐ͕͟>ĞŽŶƵƐĞĚƚŽƐĂLJ͘͞EĞǀĞƌĞǀĞƌŐŝǀĞLJŽƵƌŚĂŶĚ ĂǁĂLJ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͙͟

tŚĞŶ>ĞŽŶƚŽŽŬŵĞĮƌŵůLJƵŶĚĞƌŚŝƐǁŝŶŐĂŶĚŵĂĚĞŵĞĂƉĂƌƚŶĞƌŝŶ ƚŚĞŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚĮƌŵ͕ŚĞƐĂŝĚ͕͞ŽŶŐƌĂƚƵůĂƟŽŶƐ͘dŽŽďĂĚ͕ŽŶĞĚĂLJ LJŽƵ͛ƌĞŐŽŝŶŐƚŽŚĂƚĞŵĞĨŽƌƚŚŝƐ͘͟ ͞/͛ůůŶĞǀĞƌŚĂƚĞLJŽƵ͕͟/ƐĂŝĚ͕ďƵƚŚĞŚĂĚũƵƐƚƐŵŝůĞĚŬŶŽǁŝŶŐůLJĂŶĚ ƐŚŽŽŬŚŝƐŚĞĂĚďĞĨŽƌĞƉŝĐŬŝŶŐƵƉĂŐĂLJ^ΘDŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞĂŶĚŐŽŝŶŐŝŶƚŽ ŚŝƐŽĸĐĞĂŶĚĐůŽƐŝŶŐƚŚĞĚŽŽƌ͘dŚĂƚǁĂƐĞdžĂĐƚůLJƚŚĞŬŝŶĚŽĨƚŚŝŶŐŚĞ ĂůǁĂLJƐĚŝĚǁŚĞŶŚĞƐĞŶƐĞĚ/ŵŝŐŚƚďĞŽŶƚŚĞǀĞƌŐĞŽĨĚĞĐůĂƌŝŶŐŵLJ ůŽǀĞ͕ǁŚŝĐŚ/ĂĐƚƵĂůůLJŵĂŶĂŐĞĚƚŽĚŽĂĐŽƵƉůĞŽĨƟŵĞƐ͕ĂŶĚĞĂĐŚƟŵĞ /ƚŽůĚŚŝŵ/ůŽǀĞĚŚŝŵ͕>ĞŽŶƌĞƐƉŽŶĚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞĞdžĂĐƚƐĂŵĞǁĂLJ͘ ͞/ŬŶŽǁ͕͟ŚĞǁŽƵůĚƐĂLJǁŝƚŚďŽƚŚƐĂĚŶĞƐƐĂŶĚĂŶŶŽLJĂŶĐĞ͘ dĂŬŝŶŐĂƐŵĂůůƐŝƉŽĨĐŚĂŵƉĂŐŶĞ͕/ƌĞĐůŝŶĞŽŶŽŶĞŽĨƚŚĞĚĞĐŬ͛Ɛ ůŽƵŶŐĞĐŚĂŝƌƐĂŶĚƐƚĂƌĞŽƵƚŝŶƚŽƚŚĞŚŽƌŝnjŽŶ͕ƚƌLJŝŶŐƚŽĐĂƚĐŚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚ ƐŝŐŶƐŽĨĚĂLJůŝŐŚƚ͕ĂŶĂůŵŽƐƚŝŵƉĞƌĐĞƉƟďůĞďƌŝŐŚƚĞŶŝŶŐ͕ƚŚĞŐƌĂĚƵĂů ĂƉƉĞĂƌĂŶĐĞŽĨĚĞƚĂŝůƐ͘ǀĞŶƚŚŽƵŐŚƚŚŝƐŝƐƚŚĞtĞƐƚŽĂƐƚ͕ƚŚĞŚŽƵƐĞ ŝƐďƵŝůƚŽŶƐŽŵĞŬŝŶĚŽĨĐƵƌǀĞ͕ƐŽƚŚĞƐƵŶƌŝƐĞƐŽǀĞƌƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌĂŶĚ ƐĞƚƐďĞŚŝŶĚŵLJďĂĐŬ͘ĂdžƚĞƌŝƐƐŶŽƌŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞďĞĚƌŽŽŵĂŶĚ/ĐĂŶƐŵĞůů ŚŝƐƐĐĞŶƚŽŶŵLJƐŬŝŶ͘/ƚŝƐƉůĞĂƐĂŶƚĂŶĚ/ĂŵŶŽƚĞĂŐĞƌƚŽǁĂƐŚŝƚŽī͕ ĂůƚŚŽƵŐŚ/ƐŽŽŶǁŝůů͘dŚĂƚŝƐǁŚĂƚ/ĚŽ͘KŶĐĞƚŚĞLJůĞĂǀĞ͕/ŐŽŝŶƚŽƚŚĞ ŽĐĞĂŶĨŽƌĂƋƵŝĐŬĚŝƉ͘ǀĞŶŝŶǁŝŶƚĞƌ͘ KŶĞŽĨƚŚĞƚŚŝŶŐƐƚŚĂƚŚĂƐĐŚĂŶŐĞĚĂƐ/ŐĞƚŽůĚĞƌŝƐ/ŶŽůŽŶŐĞƌůŝŬĞ ƚŽƐůĞĞƉǁŝƚŚƚŚĞďŽLJƐʹ/ŵĞĂŶ͕ƌĞĂůůLJƐůĞĞƉ͘/ĮŶĚŝƚĚŝƐŽƌŝĞŶƟŶŐ͕Ă ĨĞĞůŝŶŐĂŬŝŶƚŽƐĞĂƐŝĐŬŶĞƐƐ͕ƚŽǁĂŬĞƵƉďĞƐŝĚĞƐŽŵĞŽŶĞǁŚŽƐĞŶĂŵĞ /ƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐĐĂŶŶŽƚƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌ͘tŚĞŶ/ǁĂƐLJŽƵŶŐĞƌ/ƵƐĞĚƚŽƚŚŝŶŬ ƚŚĂƚůĂƉƐĞŽĨŵĞŵŽƌLJǁĂƐĨƵŶŶLJ͕ĂůŵŽƐƚĞŵƉŽǁĞƌŝŶŐ͕ďƵƚƚŚĂƚǁĂƐ ǁŚĞŶ/ƐƟůůŚĂĚ>ĞŽŶƚŽůĂƵŐŚĂďŽƵƚŝƚǁŝƚŚ͘

41 | LITRO


tŚĂƚŝƐĨƵŶŶLJʹŶŽƚŚĂͲŚĂĨƵŶŶLJ͕ƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌŬŝŶĚʹŝƐƚŚĂƚŽŶĐĞĐůŝĞŶƚƐ ůĞĂǀĞŵĞĨŽƌĂŶŽƚŚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞƌ͕/ĐĂŶƐƵĚĚĞŶůLJƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐ ĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞŵ͘DLJĚƌĞĂŵƐĂƌĞŽǀĞƌͲƉŽƉƵůĂƚĞĚǁŝƚŚŐŽƌŐĞŽƵƐLJŽƵŶŐ ŵĞŶǁŚŽƐĞĮŶŐĞƌƐŚĂǀĞŶŽƚƚŽƵĐŚĞĚŵLJƐŬŝŶŝŶLJĞĂƌƐ͘/ƚĂƐƚĞƚŚĞŝƌ ƐǁĞĂƚ͕ǁĂƚĐŚƚŚĞŝƌŶŝƉƉůĞƐƉƵĐŬĞƌ͕ůŝƐƚĞŶƚŽĂĐŚŽƌƵƐŽĨŚŽĂƌƐĞĐƌŝĞƐŽĨ ĞĐƐƚĂƐLJ͕ĂŶĚǁĂŬĞƵƉĮůůĞĚǁŝƚŚůŽŶŐŝŶŐĨŽƌƚŚŽƐĞďŽLJƐ/ŶĞǀĞƌƌĞĂůůLJ ŚĂĚĞǀĞŶǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞƐŽďƌŝĞŇLJŵŝŶĞ͘ ͞ĂƐLJĐŽŵĞ͕ĞĂƐLJŐŽ͕͟>ĞŽŶƵƐĞĚƚŽƐĂLJǁŚĞŶĂĐůŝĞŶƚůĞŌƵƐ͕ĂŶĚĂƐ ǁŝƚŚŵŽƐƚƚŚŝŶŐƐ͕ŚĞǁĂƐƌŝŐŚƚ͘^ŽŵĞŽĨƚŚĞďŽLJƐůĞŌďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĞLJ ƚŚŽƵŐŚƚƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞƚŽŽďŝŐ͕ĂŶĚƐŽŵĞůĞŌďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĞLJŶĞǀĞƌƚŽŽŬ Žī͕ĂŶĚƐŽŵĞďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĞLJůŽƐƚŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚŝŶƉůĂLJŝŶŐƚŚĞŐĂŵĞĂŶĚ ǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽĚŽƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐĞůƐĞǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŝƌůŝǀĞƐ͘/ƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌĂůůŽĨƚŚĞŵ͕ ďƵƚƚŚĞďŽLJƐǁŚŽŐĂǀĞƚŚĞĮŶŐĞƌƚŽ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚĂƌĞƚŚĞŽŶůLJŽŶĞƐ/ respect. tŚĂƚ>ĞŽŶůŽƐƚŝŶƚŚĞLJĞĂƌŽƌƐŽďĞĨŽƌĞŚĞĚŝĞĚǁĂƐĂŶLJďĞůŝĞĨŚĞ͛Ě ĞǀĞƌŚĂĚŝŶƐƵĐĐĞƐƐ͘/ƚũƵƐƚďĞĐĂŵĞĐůĞĂƌƚŽŚŝŵƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŐŽĂů͕ƚŚĞ ĮŶŝƐŚůŝŶĞǁĞǁĞƌĞĨŽƌĞǀĞƌƌĂĐŝŶŐƚŚĞĐůŝĞŶƚƐƚŽǁĂƌĚ͕ǁĂƐũƵƐƚŽŶĞ ďŝŐyĂŶĂĚƵ͕ĂŶĞǀĞƌͲƚŽͲďĞͲĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞĚŵŽŶƵŵĞŶƚƚŽĂĐƚƵĂůĨƵůĮůŵĞŶƚ͘ dŚĂƚǁĂƐǁŚĞŶŚĞƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŽƚĂůŬĂůŽƚĂďŽƵƚŚŝƐĞdžͲƌĂĚŝĐĂůĚĂLJƐŝŶ ĞƌŬĞůĞLJĂŶĚǁĂŶƟŶŐŵĞƚŽƚĞůůŚŝŵĂďŽƵƚDĂŽ͛Ɛ>ŽŶŐDĂƌĐŚĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŵŝƌĂĐƵůŽƵƐĚĞĨĞĂƚŽĨƚŚĞ<Dd͕ĂŶĚŽŶůLJǁŚĞŶ/ƚŽůĚŚŝŵƚŚĞƐĞ ƐƚŽƌŝĞƐǁŽƵůĚŚŝƐĞLJĞƐůŝŐŚƚƵƉĂŐĂŝŶŝŶƚŚĞƐĂŵĞǁĂLJƚŚĞLJƵƐĞĚƚŽ ǁŚĞŶŚĞŐŽƚƚŽŶĞŐŽƟĂƚĞĂƐĞǀĞŶͲĮŐƵƌĞĚĞĂů͘ ͞sŝĞƚŶĂŵ͕͟>ĞŽŶƐĂŝĚŽŶĞĚĂLJ͕ŽƵƚŽĨƚŚĞďůƵĞ͘/ǁĂƐƐŝƫŶŐŽŶƚŚĞ ďůĂĐŬůĞĂƚŚĞƌƐŽĨĂŝŶŚŝƐŽĸĐĞ͕ƐƵƉƉŽƐĞĚůLJƌĞĂĚŝŶŐƚŚĞƚƌĂĚĞƐ͕ďƵƚ ƌĞĂůůLJĚĂLJĚƌĞĂŵŝŶŐĂďŽƵƚŽŶĞŽĨƚŚĞďŽLJƐ͕:ŽĐŬ<ĞŶƚ͕ƚŚĞƐƚĂƌŽĨ ĂŶŝŐŚƫŵĞƐŽĂƉĂďŽƵƚĂŬŝŶĚŽĨůƵďDĞĚʹůŝŬĞƌĞƐŽƌƚǁŚĞƌĞ͕ŽĨ ĐŽƵƌƐĞ͕ĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞƐůĞĞƉƐǁŝƚŚĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞďĞĨŽƌĞ͕ďŽƚŚĮŐƵƌĂƟǀĞůLJĂŶĚ ůŝƚĞƌĂůůLJ͕ƐƚĂďďŝŶŐƚŚĞŵŝŶƚŚĞďĂĐŬ͘ ͞/ƐKůŝǀĞƌ^ƚŽŶĞĐĂƐƟŶŐ͍͟/ĂƐŬĞĚ͕ĨŽƌĐŝŶŐŵLJƐĞůĨƚŽƐŚŽǀĞĂǁĂLJƚŚĞ ĨĂŶƚĂƐLJ;ŝŶǁŚŝĐŚ͕ŝĨLJŽƵŵƵƐƚŬŶŽǁ͕:ŽĐŬĂŶĚ/ǁĞƌĞŚĂǀŝŶŐŝŶĐƌĞĚŝďůĞ ƐĞdžŝŶƚŚĞ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚŽǁůĨŽƵŶƚĂŝŶ͘Ϳ ͞zŽƵǁĂŶƚƚŽŐŽ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͍͟>ĞŽŶĂƐŬĞĚ͕ĂŶĚůŽŽŬĞĚĂƚŵĞŝŶĂǁĂLJƚŚĂƚ instantly made me uncomfortable. ͞sŝĞƚŶĂŵ͍͟/ƌĞƉůŝĞĚ͕ƚƌƵůLJƐƚĂƌƚůĞĚ͕ďĞĐĂƵƐĞĂůƚŚŽƵŐŚ/ŚƵŶŐŽƵƚǁŝƚŚ >ĞŽŶĂůŽƚĂƚŚŝƐŚŽƵƐĞ͕ŚĞŶĞǀĞƌ͕ŶĞǀĞƌĂƐŬĞĚŵĞƚŽŐŽĂŶLJǁŚĞƌĞ ǁŝƚŚŚŝŵ͘/ǁĂƐƚŚĞŽŶĞĂůǁĂLJƐĂƐŬŝŶŐŚŝŵƚŽŐŽƉůĂĐĞƐǁŝƚŚŵĞ͕ƚŽ LITRO | 42


ƐĐƌĞĞŶŝŶŐƐ͕ĚŝŶŶĞƌƐĂƚƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƌƐ͛ŚŽŵĞƐ͕ĐůŝĞŶƚƐ͛ďŝƌƚŚĚĂLJƉĂƌƟĞƐ ĂƚďŽǁůŝŶŐĂůůĞLJƐ͕ŝŶǀŝƚĂƟŽŶƐƚŚĂƚŚĞŝŶǀĂƌŝĂďůLJƌĞĨƵƐĞĚ͕ƐĂLJŝŶŐ͕͞KŚ :ĞƐƵƐ͊ŽŶ͛ƚǁĞƐĞĞŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶĞŶŽƵŐŚŽĨĞĂĐŚŽƚŚĞƌ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͍͟ ͞tŚĂƚ͛ƐŝŶsŝĞƚŶĂŵ͍͟/ĂƐŬĞĚ͕ƐƵƐƉŝĐŝŽƵƐůLJ͕ĂŶĚǁŽŶĚĞƌĞĚŝĨŚĞǁĂƐ ƚƌLJŝŶŐƚŽƵƐĞŵĞƚŽůƵƌĞƐŽŵĞĂĐƚŽƌ;ƐƚƌĂŝŐŚƚͿƚŽŽƵƌĂŐĞŶĐLJ͕ĂƚĂƐŬ/ ŚĂĚƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĞĚŐůĂĚůLJǁŚĞŶ/ĮƌƐƚƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŚĞũŽď͕ďƵƚŶŽůŽŶŐĞƌĨĞůƚ so glad to do. ͞ŵĂnjŝŶŐĂƌĐŚŝƚĞĐƚƵƌĞ͕ĚĞůŝĐŝŽƵƐĨŽŽĚ͕ĚĞƐĞƌƚĞĚďĞĂĐŚĞƐ͕ƵŶƐƉŽŝůĞĚ ďŽLJƐ͙͟dŚĞǁŽƌĚƐĐĂŵĞŽƵƚŚĂƌĚĂŶĚĨĂƐƚĨƌŽŵ>ĞŽŶ͛ƐŵŽƵƚŚůŝŬĞ ŚĂŶĚĨƵůƐŽĨƉĞŶŶŝĞƐƚŚƌŽǁŶŽŶƚŽĂƐŝĚĞͲǁĂůŬ͘dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐĚĞĮŶŝƚĞůLJ ĂĚĞƐƉĞƌĂƚĞƋƵĂůŝƚLJƚŽŚŝƐƐƉĞĞĐŚ͕ĂƋƵĂůŝƚLJƚŚĂƚǁĂƐĂďƐŽůƵƚĞůLJ ǀĞƌďŽƚĞŶŝŶŽƵƌůŝŶĞŽĨǁŽƌŬǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞŐŽůĚĞŶƌƵůĞŝƐƚŽŶĞǀĞƌĂĐƚůŝŬĞ LJŽƵǁĂŶƚĂŶLJƚŚŝŶŐ͕ďĞĐĂƵƐĞŝƚ͛ůůĂůůďƵƚŐƵĂƌĂŶƚĞĞƚŚĂƚLJŽƵǁŽŶ͛ƚŐĞƚ it. ͞zĞĂŚ͘ŶĚĂďŽƵƚĂďŝůůŝŽŶƚŽŶƐŽĨďĂĚŬĂƌŵĂ͕͟/ƐĂŝĚ͕ƐƟůůĐŽŶǀŝŶĐĞĚ ƚŚĞƌĞǁĂƐƐŽŵĞƵŶĚĞƌůLJŝŶŐŵŽƟǀĞĨŽƌƚŚŝƐŝŶǀŝƚĂƟŽŶ͕ĂŶdžŝŽƵƐƚŽƉƵƚ ƚŚĞǁŚŽůĞŝĚĞĂƚŽƌĞƐƚ͘ ͞tŚĂƚ͍͟ ͞>ĞŽŶ͕ƚŚŝŶŬĂďŽƵƚŝƚ͘dŚĞŬĂƌŵŝĐŝŵƉůŝĐĂƟŽŶƐĨŽƌŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƐŝŶ sŝĞƚŶĂŵĐĂŶ͛ƚďĞŐŽŽĚ͘͟ ͞Ƶƚ/ǁĂƐĂůǁĂLJƐŽŶƚŚĞsŝĞƚĐŽŶŐ͛ƐƐŝĚĞ͊/ŚĂǀĞĐůŝƉƉŝŶŐƐĨƌŽŵŵLJ ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƉƌŽƚĞƐƚĚĂLJƐƚŽƉƌŽǀĞŝƚ͊͟ ͞dŚĞsŝĞƚŶĂŵĞƐĞĂƌĞŶ͛ƚŐŽŝŶŐƚŽůŽŽŬĂƚLJŽƵƌĐůŝƉƉŝŶŐƐ͕>ĞŽŶ͘dŽ ƚŚĞŵLJŽƵ͛ƌĞũƵƐƚŐŽŝŶŐƚŽďĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌŵŝĚĚůĞͲĂŐĞĚhŐůLJŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ĂƉŝƚĂůŝƐƚWŝŐ͘/ŵĞĂŶ͕ĐŽŵĞŽŶ͕ǁŚĞƚŚĞƌLJŽƵůŝŬĞŝƚŽƌŶŽƚ͕ƚŚĂƚ͛ƐǁŚŽ LJŽƵŶŽǁĂƌĞ͘͟ /ǁĂƐƌĞƚƵƌŶŝŶŐŵLJĂƩĞŶƟŽŶƚŽƚŚĞƚƌĂĚĞƐǁŚĞŶ/ŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚƚŽ ƐĞĞ͕ŽƵƚŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƌŶĞƌŽĨŵLJĞLJĞƐ͕>ĞŽŶ͛ƐĞdžƉƌĞƐƐŝŽŶ͘/ŶƚŚĞLJĞĂƌƐ /͛ĚŬŶŽǁŶŚŝŵ͕/ŚĂĚŶĞǀĞƌƐĞĞŶĂůŽŽŬůŝŬĞƚŚĂƚ͘,ĞĂƉƉĞĂƌĞĚƚŽďĞ ƐƚƌŝĐŬĞŶ͕ĂďƐŽůƵƚĞůLJƐƚƌŝĐŬĞŶ͕ĂŶĚ/ŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞůLJƌĞŐƌĞƩĞĚǁŚĂƚ/ŚĂĚ ƐĂŝĚ͘/ƐŚŽƵůĚŚĂǀĞŬŶŽǁŶďĞƩĞƌ͕ďƵƚŝƚǁĂƐĂƐŝĨ/ŶŽůŽŶŐĞƌŚĂĚƚŚĂƚ ŐĂƚĞŝŶƐŝĚĞŵLJďƌĂŝŶƚŚĂƚƐƚŽƉƐĂƉĞƌƐŽŶĨƌŽŵƐĂLJŝŶŐŚŽƌƌŝďůĞ͕ŚƵƌƞƵů ƚŚŝŶŐƐ͘tŚĂƚĞǀĞƌƚŚĂƚŐĂƚĞŝƐĐĂůůĞĚ͕ŵŝŶĞǁĂƐŐŽŶĞ͘ ͞/͛ŵƐŽƌƌLJ͕͟/ƐĂŝĚƋƵŝĐŬůLJ͕ĨŽƌĐŝŶŐƚŚĞĂůŵŽƐƚĨŽƌŐŽƩĞŶĨĞĞůŝŶŐƐŽĨ 43 | LITRO


ƌĞŵŽƌƐĞƚŽĐŽŵĞƵƉĨƌŽŵŝŶƐŝĚĞŵĞ͘͞KŚ͕>ĞŽŶ͘/͛ŵƌĞĂůůLJƐŽƌƌLJ͘͟ ͞&ŽƌŐĞƚŝƚ͕͟ŚĞƐĂŝĚ͕ĂŶĚƉŽŝŶƚĞĚůLJƉƵƚŚŝƐŚĞĂĚƐĞƚŽŶĂŶĚƚƵƌŶĞĚŚŝƐ ĐŚĂŝƌĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵŵĞ͕ĮdžŝŶŐŚŝƐŐĂnjĞŽŶƚŚĞĐŽŵƉƵƚĞƌƐĐƌĞĞŶ͘͞&ŝůĞŝƚ ƵŶĚĞƌŶŽƚŚĞƌĂĚ/ĚĞĂ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͘^ĐƌĂƚĐŚŝƚ͘EŽǁůĞƚŵĞŐĞƚƐŽŵĞǁŽƌŬ ĚŽŶĞ͕ĨŽƌĂĐŚĂŶŐĞ͘͟ /ƌŽƐĞĂŶĚŵŽǀĞĚƚŽǁĂƌĚƐƚŚĞĚŽŽƌĂŶĚĚŝĚŶ͛ƚůŽŽŬďĂĐŬĞǀĞŶǁŚĞŶ/ ƚŚŽƵŐŚƚ/ŵŝŐŚƚŚĂǀĞŚĞĂƌĚ>ĞŽŶƐƚĂƌƚƚŽĐƌLJ͘

/Ĩ/ŬŶĞǁŵLJĐŽůŽƵƌƐďĞƩĞƌ/ĐŽƵůĚƚĞůůLJŽƵǁŚĂƚƚŚĂƚƐƚƌŝƉŝƐŽŶƚŚĞ ŚŽƌŝnjŽŶʹŵĂLJďĞĂƌŽLJĂůďůƵĞʹĂŶĚŚŽǁŝƚŝƐƐƵďƚůLJĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞƌĞƐƚŽĨƚŚĞƐŬLJĂŶĚŝŶĂǀĞƌLJƐŚŽƌƚƟŵĞ͕ŝƚǁŝůůŐƌŽǁĂŶĚĞdžƉĂŶĚ͕ ŵĂŬŝŶŐĂůůƚŚĞƐƚĂƌƐĚŝƐĂƉƉĞĂƌ͘:ƵƐƚůŝŬĞ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚ͕ƌŝŐŚƚ͍^ƚĂƌƐ ĐŽŵĞĂŶĚƐƚĂƌƐŐŽ͘DĂLJďĞĂdžƚĞƌǁŝůůďĞĂƐƚĂƌ͕ďƵƚŚĞǁŝůůŚĂǀĞƚŽ ƚŽƵŐŚĞŶƵƉĮƌƐƚ͘ĞĨŽƌĞŚĞǁĞŶƚƚŽƐůĞĞƉŚĞƚŽůĚŵĞǁŚĂƚŚĞĂŶĚŚŝƐ ŐŝƌůĨƌŝĞŶĚ͕:ĞǁĞů͕ŚĂĚĨŽƵŐŚƚĂďŽƵƚ͘ ͞^ŚĞĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚďĞůŝĞǀĞŝŶŵĞ͕͟ŚĞŚĂĚǁŚŝƐƉĞƌĞĚ͘͞EŽƚůŝŬĞLJŽƵ͕WĞŐ͘ zŽƵďĞůŝĞǀĞŝŶŵĞ͕ĚŽŶ͛ƚLJŽƵ͍͟ tĞůů͕ƚŚĞƚƌƵƚŚŝƐ͕ŽĨĐŽƵƌƐĞ͕/ĚŽŶ͛ƚďĞůŝĞǀĞŝŶĂŶLJŽŶĞ͘KŚLJĞĂŚ͕/ ůĂLJŵLJŵŽŶĞLJŽŶƚŚĞůŝŶĞĂŶĚǁĂŝƚĨŽƌƚŚĞǁŚĞĞůƚŽƐƚŽƉ͕ďƵƚƚŚĂƚ͛Ɛ ĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚĨƌŽŵďĞůŝĞǀŝŶŐ͘ƵƚŚŽǁĐĂŶ/ƚĞůůƚŚĞŵƚŚĂƚ͍^ŽŝŶƐƚĞĂĚ /ŵƵƌŵƵƌĞĚƚŚĞƐĂŵĞǁŽƌĚƐ/͛ǀĞŵƵƌŵƵƌĞĚŝŶƚŽĐŽƵŶƚůĞƐƐLJŽƵŶŐ men’s ears, a tuneless lullaby promising him riches and fame and ƉŽǁĞƌĂŶĚůŽǀĞ͘ůůƚŚŝŶŐƐŶŽďŽĚLJĐĂŶƉƌŽŵŝƐĞĂŶLJŽŶĞďĞĐĂƵƐĞ͕ ĞdžĐĞƉƟŶŐůŽǀĞ͕ƚŚĞLJĂƌĞŶŽƚĂŶLJƚŚŝŶŐĂŶLJŽŶĞƌĞĂůůLJŚĂƐƚŽŐŝǀĞ͘ ƵƚĨŽƌƐŽŵĞƌĞĂƐŽŶ͕ƚŚĞLJĂůůďĞůŝĞǀĞŵĞ͕ĂŶĚƐŽŽŶĂdžƚĞƌ͛ƐďƌĞĂƚŚ ďĞĐĂŵĞƐƚĞĂĚLJĂŶĚŚŝƐďŽŶĞƐĂůŵŽƐƚƐŽŌĞŶĞĚĂƐŚĞůŽƐƚŚŝŵƐĞůĨŝŶ ǁŚĂƚ/ƚŽŽŬƚŽďĞĂĐŽŶĮĚĞŶƚƐůĞĞƉ͘ ͞dŽĚĂLJ͕ĂdžƚĞƌǁŝůůǁŝŶďĂĐŬŚŝƐ:ĞǁĞů͕͟/ǁŚŝƐƉĞƌ͕ĂƐŝĨƐĂLJŝŶŐŝƚǁŝůů ŵĂŬĞŝƚƐŽ͘/ůŝŬĞƚŽƚŚŝŶŬŽĨŵLJƐĞůĨĂƐďĞŝŶŐŬŝŶĚ͕ĞǀĞŶŝĨ/ĂŵŚĂƌĚŽĨ heart. dŚĞĮƌƐƚƐĞĂŐƵůůƐŚĂǀĞƐƚĂƌƚĞĚƚŽƐƋƵĂǁŬ͕ƌĞŵŝŶĚŝŶŐŵĞŝƚǁĂƐĂďŽƵƚ ƚŚŝƐƟŵĞƌŽƵŐŚůLJƐĞǀĞŶLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽƚŚĂƚ/ǁĂƚĐŚĞĚ>ĞŽŶĚŝǀĞƵŶĚĞƌĂ ŶŽƚƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌůLJůĂƌŐĞǁĂǀĞĂŶĚŶĞǀĞƌƌĞƐƵƌĨĂĐĞ͘tĞŚĂĚƐƉĞŶƚƚŚĞ ŶŝŐŚƚƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌĂƚǁŚĂƚǁĂƐƚŚĞŶŚŝƐƉůĂĐĞ͕ďƵƚŝƐŶŽǁŵŝŶĞ͕ĚƌŝŶŬŝŶŐ ƌŝƐƚĂů͕ĚŽŝŶŐĐŽŬĞ͕ĂŶĚůŝƐƚĞŶŝŶŐƚŽ,ĞŶĚƌŝdž͘/ǁĂƐƚŚŝƌƚLJͲĨŽƵƌLJĞĂƌƐ LITRO | 44


ŽůĚĂƚƚŚĞƟŵĞ͕ǁŚŝĐŚĚŝĚŶŽƚƐĞĞŵLJŽƵŶŐƚŽŵĞƚŚĞŶ͕ďƵƚƐŽƵŶĚƐ LJŽƵŶŐƚŽŵĞŶŽǁ͘DLJďƌĞĂƐƚƐǁĞƌĞũƵƐƚďĞŐŝŶŶŝŶŐƚŽĨĂůů͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞĮƌƐƚ ĮŶĞůŝŶĞƐƐƉŝŬĞĚŽƵƚĂƌŽƵŶĚŵLJĞLJĞƐ͘>ĞŽŶǁĂƐĨŽƌƚLJͲŽŶĞ͘DLJĂŐĞ ŶŽǁ͘ ͞WĂƐƚĨŽƌƚLJ͕LJŽƵƌƚŽůĞƌĂŶĐĞĨŽƌďƵůůƐŚŝƚƚĂŬĞƐĂŶĂůĂƌŵŝŶŐĚŝƉ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͕͟ he had told me that night. /ǁĂƐƐŝƫŶŐŶĞdžƚƚŽŚŝŵŽŶƚŚĞĐŽƵĐŚ͕ůŝƐƚĞŶŝŶŐƚŽůĞĐƚƌŝĐ>ĂĚLJůĂŶĚ͕ ǁŚĞŶŚĞƐƵĚĚĞŶůLJŐŽƚǀĞƌLJƋƵŝĞƚĂŶĚũƵƐƚƐƚĂƌĞĚŽƵƚĂƚƚŚĞŽĐĞĂŶ͕ ĂŶĚ/ĚŽŶ͛ƚŬŶŽǁŝĨŝƚǁĂƐƚŚĞƌŝƐƚĂůŽƌƚŚĞĐŽŬĞŽƌƚŚĞŽǀĞƌůLJĨĂŵŝůŝĂƌ ŵƵƐŝĐŽƌũƵƐƚƚŚĞƉƌŽdžŝŵŝƚLJŽĨ>ĞŽŶ͕ƚŚĞŝŶƚŽdžŝĐĂƟŶŐǁĂƌŵƚŚŽĨŚŝƐ ĂůǁĂLJƐͲďĞĂƵƟĨƵůƐŵĞůůƚŚĂƚǁĂƐƌĞŵŝŶŝƐĐĞŶƚŽĨƐĂǁĚƵƐƚĂŶĚƉĞĂƌůƐ͕ ďƵƚƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐƉƵůůĞĚŵĞĮƌŵůLJŝŶƚŽǁŚĂƚƐĞĞŵĞĚůŝŬĞĂĚĞĞƉ͕ĚĂƌŬ ďůƵĞƐůĞĞƉƚŚĂƚǁĂƐƚŽŽďƵƐLJƚŽĂĐƚƵĂůůLJďĞĐĂůůĞĚƌĞƐƚ͕ĂŶĚǁŚĞŶ/ ĐĂŵĞŽƵƚŽĨǁŚĂƚĞǀĞƌŝƚǁĂƐ/ǁĂƐŝŶ͕ŵĂLJďĞĂŶŚŽƵƌůĂƚĞƌ͕ŵĂLJďĞŶŽƚ ĞǀĞŶƚŚĂƚ͕ŵLJŚĞĂĚǁĂƐƉůĂƐƚĞƌĞĚĂŐĂŝŶƐƚ>ĞŽŶ͛ƐƐŚŝƌƚ͕ĂŶĚŚŝƐĂƌŵ ǁĂƐĮƌŵůLJĂƌŽƵŶĚŵLJƐŚŽƵůĚĞƌ͘ /ƐƚĂLJĞĚĂƐƋƵŝĞƚĂƐ/ĐŽƵůĚ͕ďĞĐĂƵƐĞĂƚƚŚĂƚŵŽŵĞŶƚ/ĐŽƵůĚŶŽƚƚŚŝŶŬ ŽĨĂŶLJǁŚĞƌĞ/ǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽďĞďƵƚƌŝŐŚƚƚŚĞƌĞ͕ƐŽĐůŽƐĞƚŽƚŚĞŽŶůLJŵĂŶ /ŚĂǀĞĞǀĞƌůŽǀĞĚ͘ ͞zŽƵĂǁĂŬĞ͍͟ŚĞĂƐŬĞĚƐŽƐŽŌůLJĂƐŚŝǀĞƌƐŚŽŽŬƵƉŵLJƐƉŝŶĞ͕ĂŶĚ ǁŚĞŶ/ŶŽĚĚĞĚ͕ŚĞƐůŽǁůLJƉƵůůĞĚĂǁĂLJ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĂƚǁĂƐǁŚĞŶ/ƐĂǁƚŚĞ ǁĞƚƐƉŽƚŽŶŚŝƐƐŚŝƌƚ͘ ͞KŚ'ŽĚ͘/͛ŵƐŽƌƌLJ͘/ĚƌŽŽůĞĚĂůůŽǀĞƌLJŽƵ͙͟/ƐĂŝĚ͕ĨĞĞůŝŶŐŚĞĂǀLJĂŶĚ ƐůŽǁĨƌŽŵƵŶĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞĚĚƌĞĂŵƐĂŶĚƚŽŽŵƵĐŚǁŝŶĞĂŶĚĚƌƵŐƐ͘ Leon shrugged as he stood up and stretched. ͞dŚĂƚ͛ƐŶŽƚĚƌŽŽů͕͟ŚĞƐĂŝĚŝŶĂǀŽŝĐĞ/ŝŵĂŐŝŶĞĚŚĞƵƐĞĚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ ŶĞǁďŽLJƐǁŚĞŶŚĞǁĂƐĂůŽŶĞǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŵ͘ŶĚƚŚĂƚ͛ƐǁŚĞŶ/ĨĞůƚƚŚĞ ĚĂŵƉŶĞƐƐĂƌŽƵŶĚŵLJĞLJĞƐĂŶĚĂŶŽĚĚŚĞĂƚŽŶŵLJĐŚĞĞŬƐ͕ĂŶĚŝŶĂ ƌƵƐŚŽĨŚŽƌƌŽƌĂŶĚƐŚĂŵĞ/ƌĞĂůŝnjĞĚ/ŚĂĚďĞĞŶĐƌLJŝŶŐŝŶŵLJƐůĞĞƉ͘ ƌLJŝŶŐǁĂƐŽŶĞŽĨƚŚŽƐĞƚŚŝŶŐƐ/͛ĚŚĂĚƚŽŐŝǀĞƵƉǁŚĞŶ/ďĞĐĂŵĞĂďŝŐ ƉŽǁĞƌďƌŽŬĞƌŝŶ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚ͘ ͞ůŽŽĚŝŶƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌ͊ůŽŽĚŝŶƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌ͊͟>ĞŽŶƵƐĞĚƚŽLJĞůůǁŚĞŶ/ ĞdžƉƌĞƐƐĞĚĂŶLJŶĞŐĂƟǀĞĞŵŽƟŽŶƐ͘͞'ŽŽĚ'ŽĚ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͊WƵůůLJŽƵƌƐĞůĨ ƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ͊zŽƵ͛ůůĂƩƌĂĐƚƚŚĞƐŚĂƌŬƐ͊͟

45 | LITRO


ƵƚŝŶƐƚĞĂĚŽĨĐŚŝĚŝŶŐŵĞƚŚĂƚŶŝŐŚƚ͕ŚĞũƵƐƚƐĂŝĚŝŶƚŚĂƚƐĂŵĞƐǁĞĞƚůLJ ŚŽƉĞůĞƐƐǁĂLJ͕͞'ŝǀĞŵĞĂŶŝĚĞĂů͕>ŽƵŝĞ͘͟ ͞tŚĂƚ͍͟/ĂƐŬĞĚ͕ǁŝƉŝŶŐŵLJĞLJĞƐ͘ ͞ŶŝĚĞĂů͘ŶLJŽŶĞǁŝůůĚŽ͕͟ŚĞƐĂŝĚ͕ĞǀĞŶƐŽŌĞƌ͘ ͞KŬĂLJ͕͟/ƐĂŝĚ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞŶĐŽƵůĚŶŽƚƚŚŝŶŬŽĨĂƐŝŶŐůĞƚŚŝŶŐƚŽƚĞůůŚŝŵ͘ /ƉŝĐŬĞĚƵƉĂďŽƩůĞŽĨWĞƌƌŝĞƌŽīƚŚĞŇŽŽƌĂŶĚƚŽŽŬĂůŽŶŐĚƌŝŶŬ͕ ŚŽƉŝŶŐƚŽǁĂƐŚƚŚĞŚĞĂǀLJĚƌŽǁƐŝŶĞƐƐŽƵƚŽĨŵĞ͖ƚŚĞďƵďďůĞƐĨĞůƚ ĨƵŶŶLJŐŽŝŶŐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŵLJďŽĚLJ͕ŵŽƌĞůŝŬĞůŝŐŚƚŶŝŶŐƚŚĂŶůŝƋƵŝĚ͘ >ĞŽŶƚŽŽŬŽīŚŝƐǁĞƚƐŚŝƌƚĂŶĚůĂŝĚŝƚĐĂƌĞĨƵůůLJĂŐĂŝŶƐƚƚŚĞďĂĐŬŽĨƚŚĞ ƐŽĨĂ͘dŚĞŶŚĞŬŶĞĞůĞĚĚŽǁŶĂŶĚĚŝĚƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐŚĞŚĂĚŶĞǀĞƌĚŽŶĞ ďĞĨŽƌĞ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĂƚǁĂƐƚŽůŝŐŚƚůLJƐƚƌŽŬĞŵLJĐŚĞĞŬǁŝƚŚƚŚĞďĂĐŬŽĨŚŝƐ ǁĂƌŵ͕ǁĂƌŵŚĂŶĚ͘ŶĚůŽŽŬŝŶŐŝŶƚŽ>ĞŽŶ͛ƐďĞĂƵƟĨƵůĨĂĐĞ͕ƐŽĐůŽƐĞƚŽ ŵŝŶĞ͕/ƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌŝƚĨĞůƚůŝŬĞ/ǁĂƐŝŶŽŶĞŽĨƚŚŽƐĞǁĞŝƌĚŵŽǀŝĞƐƉĞĐŝĂů ĞīĞĐƚƐǁŚĞŶƚŚĞůŝŐŚƚƐƐƵĚĚĞŶůLJďƌŝŐŚƚĞŶĂŶĚĚŝŵĂƚƚŚĞƐĂŵĞƟŵĞ͕ ƉƵƫŶŐŵĞĂƚŽŶĐĞĞdžƚƌĞŵĞůLJŽŶĞĚŐĞ͘ ͞'ƵĞƐƐǁŚĂƚ͕>ŽƵŝĞ͍ůůƚŚŝƐƟŵĞ͕ǁĞ͛ǀĞďĞĞŶƉůĂLJŝŶŐƚŚĞǁƌŽŶŐ ƉĂƌƚƐŝŶƚŚĞǁƌŽŶŐƐƚŽƌLJ͕͟>ĞŽŶƐĂŝĚ͕ůŽŽŬŝŶŐƌŝŐŚƚŝŶƚŽŵLJĞLJĞƐ͘͞&ƵĐŬ ĂƐĂďůĂŶĐĂ͘͟ dŚĞŶ>ĞŽŶŬŝƐƐĞĚŵĞʹĂĐŚĂƐƚĞ͕ŐĞŶƚůĞ͕ĂůŵŽƐƚǁŚĂƚŽŶĞĐŽƵůĚĐĂůů ƉƌĞƩLJŬŝƐƐ͕ďĞĨŽƌĞĚƌŽƉƉŝŶŐŚŝƐƉĂŶƚƐĂŶĚŐŽŝŶŐŽƵƚƚŽƚŚĞďĞĂĐŚ͘ Alone.

dŚĞƐŬLJŝƐŶŽǁƉĂůĞĂŶĚƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌŶŽůŽŶŐĞƌďůĂĐŬďƵƚƉĂƌƚůLJĂĚĂƌŬ͕ /ŐƵĞƐƐǁŚĂƚLJŽƵŵŝŐŚƚĐĂůůƐĞĂŐƌĞĞŶ͘/ƚ͛ƐŐŽŝŶŐƚŽďĞĂĐŽůĚƐǁŝŵ ƚŽĚĂLJ͕ďƵƚ/ŚĂǀĞŶŽĐŚŽŝĐĞ͘ŶŽƚŚĞƌƐƉůŝƚŽĨĐŚĂŵƉĂŐŶĞŐŽŶĞ͕ĂŶĚ /ĐĂŶŚĞĂƌĂdžƚĞƌƐŚŝŌŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞďĞĚ͘,Ğ͛ƐĂĚĞĮŶŝƚĞƚLJƉĞ͕ĂŶĚŝĨŚĞ ƐƟĐŬƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞĂĐƟŶŐůĞƐƐŽŶƐĂŶĚŚĂƐĂĨĞǁŐŽŽĚďƌĞĂŬƐ͕ŚĞĐŽƵůĚ ŵĂŬĞŝƚŝŶĂdŽŵƌƵŝƐĞŬŝŶĚŽĨĂǁĂLJ͕ďƵƚŚĞĐŽƵůĚũƵƐƚĂƐĞĂƐŝůLJŶŽƚ͘ ,Ğ͛ƐƐǁĞĞƚ͕ďƵƚ/ĚŽŶ͛ƚƚŚŝŶŬ/ǁĂŶƚƚŽƐůĞĞƉǁŝƚŚŚŝŵĂŶLJŵŽƌĞ͘/͛ǀĞ ŚĂĚŵLJƐŚĂƌĞŽĨƐǁĞĞƚŶĞƐƐ͘/ŶĞĞĚƐŽŵĞƌĞĂůŶŽƵƌŝƐŚŵĞŶƚ͘ dŚĞďŽLJƐ/ƐŝŐŶĞĚƌŝŐŚƚĂŌĞƌ>ĞŽŶ͛ƐĚĞĂƚŚƵƐĞĚƚŽĂƐŬŵĞĂďŽƵƚŚŝŵ͘ /ŵĞĂŶ͕ŚĞǁĂƐĂůĞŐĞŶĚŝŶƚŚĞŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͕ŚĂǀŝŶŐůĂƵŶĐŚĞĚƚŚĞĐĂƌĞĞƌƐ ŽĨŵĂŶLJǀĞƌLJďŝŐƐƚĂƌƐ͕ďƵƚĂŌĞƌĂǁŚŝůĞŶŽďŽĚLJƐĞĞŵĞĚƚŽƚĂůŬĂďŽƵƚ him any more because, really, it’s pointless to be a legend in LITRO | 46


,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚ͘zŽƵŚĂǀĞŶŽǀĂůƵĞ͕ĚĞĂĚŽƌĂůŝǀĞ͕ŝĨLJŽƵ͛ƌĞŶŽƚƐŽŵĞŚŽǁ ŵĂŬŝŶŐƐŽŵĞďŽĚLJĂůŽƚŽĨŵŽŶĞLJ͘ DLJƚŚĞƐŝƐŽŶƚŚĞŚŝŶĞƐĞZĞǀŽůƵƟŽŶĚŝĚŶŽƚŐŽŝŶƚŽƚŚĞĚĂƌŬLJĞĂƌƐ ƚŚĂƚĨŽůůŽǁĞĚƚŚĞWĂƩĂŝŶŝŶŐĐŽŶƚƌŽůŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ͘/ĚŝĚŶ͛ƚĚĞůǀĞ ŝŶƚŽƚŚĞƵůƚƵƌĂůZĞǀŽůƵƟŽŶ͕'ĂŶŐŽĨ&ŽƵƌ͕KŶĞ,ƵŶĚƌĞĚ&ůŽǁĞƌƐ͘ dŚĂƚǁĂƐĂĐŽŶƐĐŝŽƵƐĐŚŽŝĐĞďĞĐĂƵƐĞ/ǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽĐŽŵĞŽƵƚŽĨĐŽůůĞŐĞ ŚŝŐŚŽŶŚŽƉĞ͘>ĞŽŶ͕ŽŶƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌŚĂŶĚ͕ůĞŌĞƌŬĞůĞLJǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƌĂĚŝĐĂů ůĞŌĂůƌĞĂĚLJŝŶƌƵŝŶƐ͘,ĞĐĂŵĞƚŽ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚĂĐLJŶŝĐ͕ĂŶdžŝŽƵƐƚŽŵĂŬĞ ĂůŝǀŝŶŐŽīƚŚĞŽŶůLJŽƚŚĞƌƚŚŝŶŐŚĞǁĂƐŐŽŽĚĂƚďĞƐŝĚĞƐŽƌŐĂŶŝnjŝŶŐ ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƟŽŶƐ͕ǁŚŝĐŚǁĂƐƉŝĐŬŝŶŐƵƉďĞĂƵƟĨƵůďŽLJƐ͘dǁŽ ĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚƐƚĂƌƟŶŐƉŽŝŶƚƐ͕LJĞƚŚĞƌĞ/Ăŵ͕ĂůŵŽƐƚŝŶƚŚĞƐĂŵĞƐƉŽƚĂƐ >ĞŽŶǁŚĞŶŚĞƚŽŽŬƚŚĞďŝŐĚŝǀĞƵŶĚĞƌ͘ ͞ĞǁĂƌĞ͕͟/ǁŚŝƐƉĞƌƚŽďŽƚŚŶŽŽŶĞĂŶĚĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞ͘͞ůůƌŽĂĚƐŝŶ ,ŽůůLJǁŽŽĚůĞĂĚŚĞƌĞ͘͟ /ŚĂĚŶŽŝĚĞĂŚŽǁƌŝĐŚ>ĞŽŶǁĂƐƵŶƟůŚĞĚŝĞĚĂŶĚůĞŌĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐ ƚŽŵĞ͕ĂŶĚ/ŚĂǀĞŐŝǀĞŶĂůŽƚ͕ĂůŽƚ͕ĂůŽƚŽĨƚŚĂƚŵŽŶĞLJƚŽƉŽůŝƟĐĂů ĐĂƵƐĞƐ/ƚŚŝŶŬ>ĞŽŶǁŽƵůĚǁĂŶƚƚŽƐƵƉƉŽƌƚ͕ďƵƚůĂƚĞůLJ͕/ĮŶĚŵLJƐĞůĨ ƚŚŝŶŬŝŶŐŽĨǁĂLJƐ/ĐŽƵůĚ͛ǀĞƐĂǀĞĚ>ĞŽŶǁŝƚŚĂůůŽĨƚŚĞŵŽŶĞLJŚĞ ŚĂĚ͕ƚŚĂƚŝƐŶŽǁŵŝŶĞ͘DLJĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂǀŽƵƌŝƚĞŝƐŽŶĞŝŶǁŚŝĐŚ>ĞŽŶ ĂŶĚ/ďƵLJĂďŝŐŚƵŶŬŽĨůĂŶĚŝŶDŽŶƚĂŶĂ͕ĂŶĚďĞĐŽŵĞƚŚĞDĂĂŶĚ WĂŽĨƚŚĞĚƵĚĞƌĂŶĐŚĂŶĚƐůĞĞƉǁŝƚŚĂůůƚŚĞŐŽƌŐĞŽƵƐĐŽǁďŽLJƐ͕ǁŚŽ ǁŽƵůĚŶ͛ƚĞǀĞƌŚĂǀĞƚŽďĞƚŽůĚŚŽǁŐŽƌŐĞŽƵƐƚŚĞLJĂƌĞďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĂƚ ŝƐŶ͛ƚƚŚĞƉŽŝŶƚǁŝƚŚƌĞĂůĐŽǁďŽLJƐ͕ĂŶĚǁĞ͛ĚƌŝĚĞŚŽƌƐĞƐĂŶĚůĞĂƌŶƚŽ ĮƐŚ͕ĂŶĚĞǀĞƌLJĚĂLJǁĞ͛ĚĚĞĐŝĚĞŽŶƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐŶĞǁĂŶĚĚĞůŝĐŝŽƵƐƚŽ ĐŽŽŬďĞĨŽƌĞŽƉĞŶŝŶŐƚŚĞĨƌŝĚŐĞĂŶĚĮŶĚŝŶŐŝƚĮůůĞĚǁŝƚŚĂƐĞĞŵŝŶŐůLJ endless supply of fresh, red meat.

Janice Shapiro’s stories have been published in dŚĞ EŽƌƚŚŵĞƌŝĐĂŶZĞǀŝĞǁ͕dŚĞ^ĂŶƚĂDŽŶŝĐĂZĞǀŝĞǁ͕ and dŚĞ^ĞĂƩůĞZĞǀŝĞǁ͘ A screenwriter, she co-wrote ƚŚĞĐƵůƚĮůŵĞĂĚĞĂƚ͘ EŝŐŚƚĂŶĚĂLJ is taken from ŚĞƌůĂƚĞƐƚĐŽůůĞĐƟŽŶƵŵŵĞƌ͕ƉƵďůŝƐŚĞĚďLJ^ŽŌ^ŬƵůů WƌĞƐƐ͘^ŚĞŝƐĐƵƌƌĞŶƚůLJǁŽƌŬŝŶŐŽŶĂŶŽƚŚĞƌĐŽůůĞĐƟŽŶ of short stories and a graphic memoir, ƌƵƐŚĂďůĞ͗DLJ >ŝĨĞŝŶƌƵƐŚĞƐĨƌŽŵZŝĐŬLJEĞůƐŽŶƚŽsŝŐŐŽDŽƌƚĞŶƐĞŶ͘ She lives in Brooklyn with her husband, son, and dog. 47 | LITRO


LISTINGS JULY / AUGUST

&ƌŽŵŽƉĞƌĂĨŽƌďĞŐŐĂƌƐƚŽĚĂŶĐĞĨŽƌ>ĂƟŶͲůŽǀĞƌƐ͕ǀŝĂ ĨĞƐƟǀĂůƐ͕ĐŽŵĞĚLJ͕WƌŽŚŝďŝƟŽŶ͕ĐůĂƐƐŝĐĮůŵ͕ĨƌĞĞƚŚĞĂƚƌĞ and live literature, let the sunshine in with Litro’s ƐƵŵŵĞƌůŝƐƟŶŐƐ͕ĐŽŵƉŝůĞĚďLJůĞdž:ĂŵĞƐ͘

hŶƟůϮϯƌĚ:ƵůLJ͗dŚĞĞŐŐĂƌƐ͛KƉĞƌĂ͕ ZĞŐĞŶƚƐWĂƌŬKƉĞŶŝƌdŚĞĂƚƌĞ͕άϭϳͲϰϰ ŵƵƐŝĐĂůĐŽŵĞĚLJŽĨŚŝŐŚǁĂLJŵĞŶ͕ŚĂŶŐŵĞŶĂŶĚŚĂƌůŽƚƐ ĐŽŵĞƐƚŽƚŚĞKƉĞŶŝƌdŚĞĂƚƌĞƚŚŝƐƐƵŵŵĞƌ͘:ŽŝŶDĂĐŚĞĂƚŚ and his partners in crime in John Gay’s ageless comic opera. ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ŽƉĞŶĂŝƌƚŚĞĂƚƌĞ͘ĐŽŵ

1st to 2nd July: Hop on The Farm, Kent, prices vary. ƐƚƵŶŶŝŶŐůŝŶĞƵƉŽĨůŝƚĞƌĂƌLJĂŶĚŵƵƐŝĐŐĞŶŝƵƐͲŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ŚĞĂĚůŝŶĞƌƐƚŚĞĂŐůĞƐĂŶĚDŽƌƌŝƐƐĞLJĂůŽŶŐƐŝĚĞƚŚĞůŝŬĞƐ ŽĨ/ŐŐLJΘdŚĞ^ƚŽŽŐĞƐ͕ƌLJĂŶ&ĞƌƌLJ͕EĞǁƚŽŶ&ĂƵůŬŶĞƌĂŶĚ ƌĂŶĚŽŶ&ůŽǁĞƌƐ͕ƚŚŝƐĞǀĞŶƚŽīĞƌƐĂƌĞůĂdžĞĚǀŝďĞƐĞƚĂŐĂŝŶƐƚ ƚŚĞƐƚƵŶŶŝŶŐďĂĐŬĚƌŽƉŽĨƚŚĞ,ŽƉ&ĂƌŵŽƵŶƚƌLJWĂƌŬŝŶ <ĞŶƚ͘/ƚ͛ƐƌƵŶďLJĨŽƌŵĞƌDĞĂŶ&ŝĚĚůĞƌ;ZĞĂĚŝŶŐĂŶĚ>ĞĞĚƐ͕ 'ůĂƐƚŽŶďƵƌLJĞƚĐͿĐŚŝĞĨsŝŶĐĞWŽǁĞƌĂŶĚĐĂŵĞĂďŽƵƚĂŌĞƌ ĨĞƐƟǀĂůĨĂŶƐďĞĐĂŵĞĚŝƐŝůůƵƐŝŽŶĞĚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŵĂŝŶƐƚƌĞĂŵ ĞǀĞŶƚƐ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ŚŽƉĨĂƌŵĨĞƐƟǀĂů͘ĐŽŵ

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2nd July: Velvet Lounge, secret private venue, Dalston, see website for prices. dŚĞĂƌŽŶsŽŶ^ĂŶĚĞƌƐŽŶŝŶǀŝƚĞƐLJŽƵĨŽƌŽŶĞŶŝŐŚƚŽŶůLJƚŽ ͞dŚĞsĞůǀĞƚ>ŽƵŶŐĞ͟ĂŶŝŐŚƚŽĨĞĂƐLJůŝƐƚĞŶŝŶŐ͕ĐŚĂŵƉĂŐŶĞ ĐŽĐŬƚĂŝůƐĂŶĚůŝǀĞďĞĂƚƉŽĞƚƌLJ͘dŚŝƐŝƐĂŽŶĞŽīƉŽƉƵƉĞǀĞŶƚ͕ ĚĞĚŝĐĂƚĞĚƚŽƚŚĞĞĂƐŝĞƌĨĂĐĞŽĨϲϬ͛ƐƉŽƉŵƵƐŝĐĞŶĐŽŵƉĂƐƐŝŶŐ ƐŽƵŶĚƐĨƌŽŵƵƌƚĂĐŚĂƌĂĐŚƚŽ:ŝŵŵLJtĞďďǀŝĂƚŚĞƐǁŝŶŐŝŶŐ ƐŽƵŶĚƐŽĨƚŚĞ&ƌĞŶĐŚzĞzĞďĞĂƚ͘>ĂĚŝĞƐƉƵƚŽŶƚŚŽƐĞŵĂdžŝ ĚƌĞƐƐĞƐĂŶĚĚŝĂŵĂŶƚĠ͕ďŽLJƐƚĂŬĞƚŚĂƚǀĞůǀĞƚƐƵŝƚƚŽƚŚĞ ĐůĞĂŶĞƌƐ͘dŚƌŽǁLJŽƵƌĐĂƌŬĞLJƐŝŶƚŽƚŚĞŽŶLJdžĂƐŚƚƌĂLJĂŶĚƐǁŝŶŐ ůŝŬĞŝƚ͛Ɛϭϵϲϴ͕ďƵƚĚŽŶ͛ƚƚĞůůLJŽƵƌƉĂƌĞŶƚƐ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ĚŝĞĨƌĞĐŚĞŵƵƐĞ͘ĐŽ͘ƵŬ

ϳƚŚ:ƵůLJ͗ĞƚǁĞĞŶƚŚĞ>ŝŶĞƐʹŝůů,ĂƌƌLJDĞƌƐĞLJĞĂƚϱϬƚŚ Anniversary, O2 Bubble. ƐƉĞĐŝĂůĞǀĞŶŝŶŐŝƐŝŶƐƚŽƌĞĂƐDĞƌƐĞLJĞĂƚ creator Bill ,ĂƌƌLJƌĞĐŽƵŶƚƐƚŚĞďĞŐŝŶŶŝŶŐƐŽĨDĞƌƐĞLJ^ŽƵŶĚŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞ ĂŶĚŚŽǁŝƚŚĞůƉĞĚƐŚĂƉĞĚƌŽĐŬũŽƵƌŶĂůŝƐŵϱϬLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͘ >ŝǀĞƌƉŽŽůůĞŐĞŶĚĂŶĚĐŚŝůĚŚŽŽĚĨƌŝĞŶĚŽĨ:ŽŚŶ>ĞŶŶŽŶ͕ŝůů ,ĂƌƌLJǁĂƐƚŚĞĐƌĞĂƚŽƌŽĨDĞƌƐĞLJĞĂƚ͕ƚŚĞŚƵŐĞůLJŝŶŇƵĞŶƟĂů ĂŶĚƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚŵƵƐŝĐƉĂƉĞƌŽĨƚŚĞϭϵϲϬ͛Ɛ͘>ĂƵŶĐŚĞĚŝŶϭϵϲϭ͕ DĞƌƐĞLJĞĂƚĨŽĐƵƐĞĚŽŶƚŚĞŵŝŶŐ>ŝǀĞƌƉŽŽůƐĐĞŶĞĂŶĚ ƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵůůLJďƵŝůƚƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞDĞƌƐĞLJďĂŶĚƐ͕ especially the Beatles. ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƚŚĞŽϮ͘ĐŽ͘ƵŬ

12th to 16th July: Slapdash at the Old Vic Tunnels, London, £11/6. ^ůĂƉĚĂƐŚŝƐ>ŽŶĚŽŶ͛ƐĨĞƐƟǀĂůŽĨŝŵƉƌŽ͕ĨĞĂƚƵƌŝŶŐϭϱŽĨ ƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ͛ƐďĞƐƚŝŵƉƌŽǀŝƐĂƟŽŶŐƌŽƵƉƐŝŶĂǁĞĞŬůŽŶŐ ĐĞůĞďƌĂƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞƐƉŽŶƚĂŶĞŽƵƐ͘^ŽŵĞƟŵĞƐĨƵŶŶLJ͕ƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐ ƚŽƵĐŚŝŶŐĂŶĚĂůǁĂLJƐƚŽƚĂůůLJƵŶƉƌĞĚŝĐƚĂďůĞ͕ŝŵƉƌŽŝƐƚŚĞĂƚƌŝĐĂů ĂůĐŚĞŵLJ͘ĂĐŚŶŝŐŚƚ͕ƚŚƌĞĞŐƌŽƵƉƐƐŚŽǁŽīƚŚĞŝƌŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂů ƐƚLJůĞƐ͕ďĞĨŽƌĞĐŽŵŝŶŐƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌĂƚƚŚĞĞŶĚŽĨƚŚĞĞǀĞŶŝŶŐĨŽƌ ƚŚĞŝŶĨĂŵŽƵƐ^ůĂƉĚĂƐŚ:Ăŵ͊ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƐůĂƉĚĂƐŚĨĞƐƟǀĂů͘ĐŽ͘ƵŬ

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ϭϰƚŚƚŽϭϳƚŚ:ƵůLJ͗>ĂƟƚƵĚĞ&ĞƐƟǀĂů͕,ĞŶŚĂŵWĂƌŬ͕ Southwold, prices vary. >ĂƟƚƵĚĞŽīĞƌƐĂŶĂŵĂnjŝŶŐůŝŶĞͲƵƉŽĨƚŚĞďĞƐƚŝŶŵƵƐŝĐ͕ ůŝƚĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ͕Įůŵ͕ƚŚĞĂƚƌĞ͕ĐĂďĂƌĞƚĂŶĚĐŽŵĞĚLJĂƐĞǀĞƌ͕ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐWĂŽůŽEƵƟŶŝ͕^ƵĞĚĞ͕ĞůƐ͕KŵŝĚũĂůŝůŝ͕ƵĐŬŝĞ͕ZĂůƉŚ &ŝĞŶŶĞƐ͕dŝŵ<ĞLJ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞŝŶƚƌŝŐƵŝŶŐůLJŶĂŵĞĚDŽĚĞƌŶdŽƐƐ ĐƟǀŝƚLJĞŶƚƌĞŝŶWĂŶĚŽƌĂ͛ƐWůĂLJŐƌŽƵŶĚ͘ƵƐƚŽƵƚLJŽƵƌďŝŬŝŶŝ͕ ĚŽŶ͛ƚĨŽƌŐĞƚLJŽƵƌǁĞůůŝĞƐ͕ĂŶĚŚĞĂĚƚŽ^ƵīŽůŬ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ůĂƟƚƵĚĞĨĞƐƟǀĂů͘ĐŽ͘ƵŬ

ϭϱƚŚƚŽϮϰƚŚ:ƵůLJ͗^ŚŽƌĞĚŝƚĐŚ&ĞƐƟǀĂů͕ZĞŐĞŶƚ͛ƐĂŶĂůĂŶĚ surrounding spaces. ^ŚŽƌĞĚŝƚĐŚ&ĞƐƟǀĂůŝƐĂŶĂŶŶƵĂůŚŝŐŚůŝŐŚƚŽĨƚŚĞĂƐƚ>ŽŶĚŽŶ ĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĐĂůĞŶĚĂƌƚŚĂƚĐĞůĞďƌĂƚĞƐƚŚĞŶĞƚǁŽƌŬŽĨĐĂŶĂůƐůŝŶŬŝŶŐ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐĨƌŽŵ^ŚŽƌĞĚŝƚĐŚĂŶĚďĞLJŽŶĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŽƚŚĞ KůLJŵƉŝĐWĂƌŬ͘dŚĞĨĞƐƟǀĂůǁŝůůďƌŝŶŐƚŽůŝĨĞƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƐŝĚĞ ǁŝƚŚĮůŵƐĐƌĞĞŶŝŶŐƐ͕ůŝǀĞŵƵƐŝĐ͕ĚĂŶĐĞƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĂŶĐĞƐ͕Ăƌƚ ĐŽŵŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐ͕ĨĂƐŚŝŽŶ͕ůŝƚĞƌĂƚƵƌĞĂŶĚƐƉŽŬĞŶǁŽƌĚ͕ŚĞĂůƚŚ ŚƵďƐ͕ƚŚĞĂƚƌĞƐŚŽǁƐ͕ŚĞƌŝƚĂŐĞƚƌĂŝůƐ͕ƉŽĚĐĂƐƚĞdžƉĞĚŝƟŽŶƐ͕ ĨŽŽĚŵĂƌŬĞƚƐĂŶĚƉůĞŶƚLJŵŽƌĞ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƐŚŽƌĞĚŝƚĐŚĨĞƐƟǀĂů͘ŽƌŐ͘ƵŬ

ϮϯƌĚ:ƵůLJ͗WƌŽŚŝďŝƟŽŶ͕'ƌĂŶĚ,Ăůů͕ƵƐƚŽŶ͕άϭϱ͘ WƌĞƉĂƌĞƚŽƐƚĞƉďĂĐŬŝŶƟŵĞĂƐǁĞƌĞǀŝƐŝƚƚŚĞƌŽĂƌŝŶŐ ƚǁĞŶƟĞƐ͊^ǁŝŐŐŝŶŐĐƵŶŶŝŶŐůLJĐŽŶĐĞĂůĞĚĐŽĐŬƚĂŝůƐĂŶĚ ĐŽŶƚƌĂďĂŶĚůŝƋƵŽƌĨƌŽŵƚĞĂĐƵƉƐŝƐƚŚĞŽƌĚĞƌŽĨƚŚĞĚĂLJĂƐǁĞ ƐƚƌŝǀĞƚŽĞǀĂĚĞƚŚĞĞǀĞƌͲďĞĂĚLJĞLJĞŽĨƚŚĞůĂǁĂŶĚŝŶĚƵůŐĞŝŶ ĂƐƉŽƚŽĨŝůůĞŐĂůĚƌŝŶŬŝŶŐ͕ŐĂŵďůŝŶŐĂŶĚŚĂƌůĞƐƚŽŶĚĂŶĐŝŶŐ͘ >ŝǀĞďĂŶĚƐĂŶĚĐĂďĂƌĞƚĂĐƚƐĂƌĞĂƚŚĂŶĚƚŽĞŶƚĞƌƚĂŝŶĞǀĞŶƚŚĞ ŵŽƐƚƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌŽĨĐĂĚƐĂŶĚŐŽŽĚƟŵĞŐŝƌůƐ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƉƌŽŚŝďŝƟŽŶϭϵϮϬƐ͘ĐŽŵ

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ϮϭƐƚƚŽϮϰƚŚ:ƵůLJ͗WŽƌƚůŝŽƚ>ŝƚĞƌĂƌLJ&ĞƐƟǀĂů͕WŽƌƚůŝŽƚ͕ ŽƌŶǁĂůů͕άϯϱƚŽάϭϰϬ͘ KŶĞŽĨƚŚĞŵŽƐƚďĞĂƵƟĨƵůůŝƚĞƌĂƌLJĨĞƐƟǀĂůƐŝŶƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚ͕ WŽƌƚůŝŽƚŝƐĂǁĞĞŬĞŶĚŝŶŽƌŶǁĂůůǁŝƚŚĂǀĂƌŝĞĚůŝŶĞͲƵƉŽĨ ďŝŐŶĂŵĞƐŝŶŵƵƐŝĐ͕ĨĂƐŚŝŽŶ͕ĨŽŽĚ͕ĮůŵĂŶĚůŝƚĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ͘dŚĞ ŽƉĞŶͲĂŝƌĐŝŶĞŵĂŝƐĐƵƌĂƚĞĚďLJDĂƌƟŶ^ĐŽƌƐĞƐĞ͕ĂŶĚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐ classics dŚĞZĞĚ^ŚŽĞƐ and dŚĞ>ĞŽƉĂƌĚ͘DƵƐŝĐĐŽŵĞƐĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞůŝŬĞƐŽĨƌŝƟƐŚ^ĞĂWŽǁĞƌĂŶĚ,ĂŶŶĂŚWĞĞů͖ƚŚĞǁŽƌĚůŝŶĞͲ ƵƉĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐ:ŽŚŶŽŽƉĞƌůĂƌŬĞĂŶĚ,ĂŶŝĨ<ƵƌĞŝƐŚŝ͘dŚĞ/ĚůĞƌ ĐĂĚĞŵLJŝƐŽƌŐĂŶŝƐĞĚďLJdŽŵ,ŽĚŐŬŝŶƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐĂ ƉůĂLJǁƌŝƟŶŐĐůĂƐƐĨƌŽŵ:ĞƌƵƐĂůĞŵĂƵƚŚŽƌ:ĞnjƵƩĞƌǁŽƌƚŚ͘^ĞĞ͗ ǁǁǁ͘ƉŽƌƚĞůŝŽƞĞƐƟǀĂů͘ĐŽŵ

ůů:ƵůLJƚŽ^ĞƉƚĞŵďĞƌ͗ZŽŽŌŽƉ&ŝůŵůƵď͕YƵĞĞŶŽĨ,ŽdžƚŽŶ͕ £10. ŶĞdžĐŝƟŶŐŽƵƚĚŽŽƌĮůŵĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞƐŚŽǁŝŶŐĐůĂƐƐŝĐ͕ĐƵůƚĂŶĚ ƌĞĐĞŶƚĮůŵƌĞůĞĂƐĞƐŽŶƚŚĞƌŽŽŌŽƉŽĨƚŚĞYƵĞĞŶŽĨ,ŽdžƚŽŶ͘ KƵƌďŝŐƐĐƌĞĞŶ͕ǁŝƌĞůĞƐƐŚĞĂĚƉŚŽŶĞƐĂŶĚĐŽŵĨLJĐŚĂŝƌƐǁŝůů ŵĞĂŶLJŽƵĐĂŶƐŝƚďĂĐŬ͕ƌĞůĂdžĂŶĚĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞĮůŵůŝŬĞŶĞǀĞƌ ďĞĨŽƌĞŝŶƚŚŝƐĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞůLJƵŶŝƋƵĞƵƌďĂŶĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ͕ƵŶƟů ^ĞƉƚĞŵďĞƌ͕ĮǀĞŶŝŐŚƚƐĂǁĞĞŬ͘ &ŽƌĨƵůůĮůŵůŝƐƟŶŐƐ͕ƟĐŬĞƚƐĂŶĚĨƵƌƚŚĞƌŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ ƐĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƚŚĞƋƵĞĞŶŽĬŽdžƚŽŶ͘ĐŽ͘ƵŬ

ϮŶĚ:ƵůLJƚŽϱƚŚƵŐƵƐƚ͗DŝĚƐƵŵŵĞƌEŝŐŚƚ͛ƐƌĞĂŵ͕^ƚ WĂƵů͛ƐŚƵƌĐŚLJĂƌĚ͕άϭϱͬϭϬ͘ ƉƌŽŵĞŶĂĚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ^ŚĂŬĞƐƉĞĂƌĞ͛ƐŵĂŐŝĐͲĂŶĚͲĨĂĞƌŝĞƐ ƌŽŵĂŶƟĐĐŽŵĞĚLJ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ĂĐƚŽƌƐĐŚƵƌĐŚ͘ŽƌŐŽƌǁǁǁ͘ŝƌŝƐƚŚĞĂƚƌĞ͘ĐŽŵ

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ϮϳƚŚ:ƵůLJƚŽϳƚŚƵŐƵƐƚ͗&ŝůŵϰ^ƵŵŵĞƌ^ĐƌĞĞŶ͕^ŽŵĞƌƐĞƚ House, £16-20. dĂŬŝŶŐŽǀĞƌƚŚĞďŝŐƐĐƌĞĞŶĂƚ^ŽŵĞƌƐĞƚ,ŽƵƐĞĂŐĂŝŶĨŽƌ:ƵůLJ ĂŶĚƵŐƵƐƚϮϬϭϭ͕ƚŚĞ&ŝůŵϰ^ƵŵŵĞƌ^ĐƌĞĞŶƐĞƌŝĞƐďƌŝŶŐƐĂ ǀĂƌŝĞƚLJŽĨĐůĂƐƐŝĐƐĂŶĚďƌĂŶĚŶĞǁĮůŵƐƚŽĂƵĚŝĞŶĐĞƐŝŶƚŚĞ ĐĂƉŝƚĂů͘dŚĞĞŶŽƌŵŽƵƐŽƉĞŶĂŝƌƐĐƌĞĞŶƚĂŬĞƐƵƉƚŚĞǁŚŽůĞŽĨ ƚŚĞĨŽƵŶƚĂŝŶƐƋƵĂƌĞŝŶĨƌŽŶƚŽĨƚŚĞ^ŽŵĞƌƐĞƚ,ŽƵƐĞĨĂĐĂĚĞ͕ ĂŶĚƐŚŽǁƐĂŶŝŶƐƉŝƌĞĚƌĂŶŐĞŽĨŵŽǀŝĞƐǁŝƚŚƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐƚŽ ƉůĞĂƐĞĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞ͘:ƐǁŝůůĂůƐŽďĞƉůĂLJŝŶŐƐŽŵĞŽĨƚŚĞďĞƐƚŝŶ ŶĞǁŵƵƐŝĐ͕ƉůƵƐƚŚĞƌĞĂƌĞďĞŚŝŶĚƚŚĞƐĐƌĞĞŶƚĂůŬƐŚŽƐƚĞĚďLJ &d͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƐŽŵĞƌƐĞƚŚŽƵƐĞ͘ŽƌŐ͘ƵŬͬĮůŵ

ϮŶĚƚŽϲƚŚƵŐƵƐƚ͗'ƌĞĂƚƌŝƟƐŚĞĞƌ&ĞƐƟǀĂů͕ĂƌůƐŽƵƌƚ͕ £6-23. 'ĞƚƐŽŵĞLJĞĂƐƚLJĐƵůƚƵƌĞĂƚƚŚŝƐĂŶŶƵĂůĞĞƌ&ĞƐƟǀĂů͕ĂŶĚƐƵƉ ƚŚĞh<͛ƐĮŶĞƐƚĂůĞƐĨƌŽŵƐŵĂůůďƌĞǁĞƌŝĞƐƚŽƐŽŵĞŽĨƌŝƚĂŝŶ͛Ɛ ďĞƐƚͲŬŶŽǁŶďĞĞƌƐ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ŐďďĨ͘ĐĂŵƌĂ͘ŽƌŐ͘ƵŬͬŚŽŵĞ

ϯƌĚƵŐƵƐƚ͕ϳ͘ϯϬƉŵ͗zZEƉƌĞƐĞŶƚƐdŚĞ^ƉĞĐŝĂů ZĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉ͕ŽŶĐƌĞƚĞĂƌ͕^ŚŽƌĞĚŝƚĐŚ͕άϱ͘ dŚĞ^ƉĞĐŝĂůZĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉůŝƚĞƌĂƌLJǀĂƌŝĞƚLJŶŝŐŚƚĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐƚƵƌŶƐ ĨƌŽŵƌĞŐƵůĂƌƐ:ĂƌƌĞĚDĐ'ŝŶŶŝƐĂŶĚ^ĂŵdĂƌĂĚĂƐŚ͕ƉůƵƐŐƵĞƐƚƐ EŝŝLJŝŬǁĞŝWĂƌŬĞƐĂŶĚĂǁĂƌĚͲǁŝŶŶŝŶŐĐĂƌƚŽŽŶŝƐƚ,ĂƌƌLJ sĞŶŶŝŶŐ͕ǁŚŽǁŝůůďĞƚĞĂĐŚŝŶŐĂƵĚŝĞŶĐĞŵĞŵďĞƌƐ͘͘͘ǁĞůů͕ ŚŽǁƚŽďĞĂĐĂƌƚŽŽŶŝƐƚ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘LJĂƌŶĨĞƐƚ͘ĐŽŵ

LITRO | 52


4th August to 4th September: Free Theatre at The Scoop, South Bank, FREE. 'ĞƚLJŽƵƌƚŚĞƐƉŽŶĂƚdŚĞ^ĐŽŽƉƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚƵŐƵƐƚϮϬϭϭ ǁŚĞŶďŽƚŚŬŝĚƐ͛ĂŶĚĂĚƵůƚƐ͛ƐŚŽǁƐĂƌĞƉƵƚŽŶĞǀĞƌLJǁĞĞŬ͕ including Brecht’s dŚĞDŽƚŚĞƌ and ƌŽƵŶĚƚŚĞtŽƌůĚŝŶϴϬ ĂLJƐ͘>ƵĐŬLJƚŚĞĂƚƌĞͲůŽǀŝŶŐ>ŽŶĚŽŶĞƌƐĐĂŶĐĂƚĐŚĨƌĞĞƐŚŽǁƐĂƚ dŚĞ^ĐŽŽƉĂƐƉĂƌƚŽĨƚŚĞDŽƌĞ>ŽŶĚŽŶ&ƌĞĞ&ĞƐƟǀĂů͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ŵŽƌĞůŽŶĚŽŶ͘ĐŽ͘ƵŬͬƐĐŽŽƉ͘Śƚŵů

ϭϵƚŚƚŽϮϵƚŚƵŐƵƐƚ͗>ŽŶĚŽŶ>ĂƟŶ&ĞƐƟǀĂů͕ǀĂƌŝŽƵƐǀĞŶƵĞƐ and prices. ĞůĞďƌĂƚĞƚŚĞƉĂƐƐŝŽŶĂŶĚĞdžĐŝƚĞŵĞŶƚŽĨ>ĂƟŶĚĂŶĐĞĂƚƚŚŝƐ ƚĞŶͲĚĂLJĨĞƐƟǀĂů͕ĨĞĂƚƵƌŝŶŐĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐĨƌŽŵƐĂůƐĂƚŽďĂĐŚĂƚĂ͕ ǀŝĂ>ĂƟŶ,ƵƐƚůĞĂŶĚŽƵŬͲ<ŝnjŽŵďĂͲ>ĂŵďĂĚĂ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƚŚĞůŽŶĚŽŶůĂƟŶĨĞƐƚ͘ĐŽŵ

28th August: 3pm, Storytails, The Drop, Stoke Newington, FREE. dŚĞ^ƵŶĚĂLJĂŌĞƌŶŽŽŶůŝƚĞƌĂƌLJĞǀĞŶƚƌĞƚƵƌŶƐŝŶƵŐƵƐƚǁŝƚŚ ƌĞĂĚŝŶŐƐŽĨƐŚŽƌƚƐƚŽƌŝĞƐĂŶĚŶŽǀĞůĞdžƚƌĂĐƚƐĨƌŽŵƵƉĂŶĚ ĐŽŵŝŶŐ>ŽŶĚŽŶĂƵƚŚŽƌƐLJŽƵ͛ůůǁŽŶĚĞƌǁŚLJLJŽƵŚĂǀĞŶ͛ƚŚĞĂƌĚ ŽĨ͘dŚĞǀŝďĞŝƐƌĞůĂdžĞĚĂŶĚĞŶƚƌLJŝƐĨƌĞĞ͕ƐŽũƵƐƚƚƵƌŶƵƉĂŶĚ ĞŶũŽLJ͘ ^ĞĞ͗ǁǁǁ͘ƐƚŽƌLJƚĂŝůƐ͘ŽƌŐ

53 | LITRO


LITRO IS BROUGHT TO YOU BY EDITOR IN CHIEF AND PUBLISHER: ERIC AKOTO EDITOR: KATY DARBY CONTRIBUTING EDITOR: SOPHIE LEWIS ONLINE EDITOR: LAURA HUXLEY EVENTS EDITOR: ALEX JAMES CREATIVE DIRECTOR: LISA THOM CREATIVE INTERN: LUKE BRIGHT

dŚŝƐƐĞůĞĐƟŽŶŝƐĐŽƉLJƌŝŐŚƚΞϮϬϭϭ >ŝƚƌŽDĂŐĂnjŝŶĞŝƐƉƵďůŝƐŚĞĚďLJKĐĞĂŶDĞĚŝĂŽŽŬƐ>ƚĚ

>/dZKD'/E/^>KEKE͛^>/E'^,KZd^dKZz D'/E͘W>^/d,Z<WzKhZKWz͕W^^/dKE&KZ ^KDKE>^dKE:Kz͕KZZz>/dͲ t>/<dKd,/E<K&/d^^D>>&ZKK<͘


Free exhibition Until 31 August

www.wellcomecollection.org/dirt


LITRO | 108 GOD BLESS AMERICA

He starts to hear the stuttering sirens in the distance; as he looks south down the block he sees the flashing red and white and disco lights lighting up Eleventh Avenue. He raises the iPhone in his hand and flags the ambulance down. The kind French girl has started to cry. “Amadine, he’s not breathing, he’s not.”

- His first dead body by Kele Okereke Page 6

www.litro.co.uk ISBN 978-0-9554245-5-7


Litro issue 108  

American issue of Litro magazine 108

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