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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY.

TO EDUCATORS AND INDUSTRIALISTS OF THE WORLD

INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION TO ECOLOGY. Ing. Enrique Dounce Villanueva.

October 2011

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Subjects to cover. I. Objective II. Thinking about the concept of Maintenance. III. Industrial Conservation. IV. An ecosystem’s sustainability. V. Ecology and Industrial Conservation. V. Mexico’s manufacturing system. VI. Manufactured product or satisfactor. VII. Industrial Effectiveness. VIII. Manufacturing system’s ecology. IX. Eco technology and Industrial Conservation. X. Manufacturing systems’ conservation. XI. Corollary.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Objective:

To persuade educators and industrialists at world level that we must evolve from the current concept of “Industrial Maintenance” to “Ecologic Management of Systems”. It is urgent and necessary to take this step since it will allow us to apply scientifically appropriate actions for the sustainability of our habitat, which is a, and is immersed in, a cyclic system.

This will enhance our current knowledge, which will lead us to achieve a world manufacturing industry ever more centered in its ecology.

Let us now explain the reasoning behind this objective.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Thinking about the concept of “maintenance” Since 1939, when I started my productive life in the Mexican Army at the Transmissions Company, I performed “maintenance” tasks, which in those days it meant “to fix things”. The knowledge about this topic was rudimentary and the tasks were performed without sound scientific basis. The results we achieved were never the expected goals, since “things did not get fixed”, costs increased and our users would adamantly voice their complaints. All of the above led us to research what “Industrial Maintenance” should actually be.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Thinking about the concept of “maintenance” Back in civil life, working for Telefonos de Mexico (Mexican Telephone Company) as the person responsible for the “maintenance” of the phone plant, I had the opportunity to go to the First International Symposium on Conservation, (1975) which took place in Stockholm, Sweden. There, I found out that, unlike other endeavors, the IMSS (Mexican Social Security Institute) did not have a “Maintenance Department” but a “Conservation Department” which focused mainly on caring for the habitat. It was then that I first perceived that I had a mistaken concept regarding what industrial “maintenance” and its scope was and that I shared this incorrect vision with all of us working in this area. After many years of working and collaborating with my professional team, we finally understood that maintenance is a branch of Conservation.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Conservation. It was then that our interest in studying about Conservation was born. To start our studies, we looked among the Natural Sciences to search for a branch that would be useful to understand the structure and functioning inherent to human life in its environment. We chose Biology as our study source.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Conservation. In the figure below, we can see some of the branches of Biology. Since we want to gain in depth knowledge about live beings and their habitat, know about their origin, evolution, behavior, interrelations, etcetera, we found that our best source for this objective is to study Ecology.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Conservation. This next image shows some of the branches of Ecology. Since our study is focused on industry, we want to take a path that will allow us to continue our analysis centering on industrial ecology.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Conservation. The figure below shows some of the branches of industry. Since our essay is directed to solve the ecologic problems caused by manufacturing industry’s operation, we will now proceed to present the criteria resulting from our analysis about ecology and industry.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Conservation. Industrial Ecology is a concept developed by industrial models’ scholars to compare the Biological System with a Industrial System. This concept seeks to reach an equilibrium between human activity and that of Nature, developing processes that will allow taking to sustainable levels, human activities needed in the search for satisfactors or productive systems. The above requires that we study them thoroughly so that we may acquire sufficient knowledge about these topics that will allow us to obtain their necessary sustainability.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. An ecosystem’s sustainability. Sustainability actions in an ecosystem permit the species contained within it to remain in equilibrium with the resources involved in this symbiosis. It is essential to know the ecosystem’s structure in regard to the matter that comprises it (animal, vegetable, and mineral) and the service that matter provides so that we can apply to it the appropriate sustainability activities. An Eco System Sustainability

Eco System’s Structure

Knowledge of the quality of matter that comprises the Eco System

Knowledge of the quality of the service provided by the Eco System

Eco System’s Conservation

Preservation of the quality of the matter of the Eco System

Maintenance of the quality of the service provided by the Eco System

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Ecology and Industrial Conservation. From our analysis up to this point, we can see that there is a close relationship between Ecology and Industrial Conservation and that their joint study will aid, in an important manner, the development of our country’s manufacturing system. Let us make a pause here in our ecologic progress to combine it with the “General Theory of Systems”, another subject that makes it easier for us to understand what Industrial Conservation is. The theory of systems is based on the solar system’s activity, which functions in a cyclic manner, so that change is constant and repetitive for all the elements that comprise it (matter, energy, life, and habitat) and which we need to know in depth to be able to apply the necessary Sustainability tasks. 12


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. General Theory of Systems (GTS) System.- It is a set of matter structured of elements or parts, located within an environment, that are orderly related among themselves while functioning, thus contributing to reach a specific goal. Any change or variation in any of these elements will cause changes in the whole system.

Systems in general

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. GTS- Open System. It is a system which accomplishes symbiosis with the environment around it and takes from its environment through its access, the inputs it needs (matter and/or energy). Environment Entry

Process

Exit

Environment Open System

The open system performs its process generating the service for which it was created and expels the excess matter and/or energy through its exit, giving it back to its environment, which is necessary for the survival of other systems of which their environments are involved. 14


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. GTS – Closed System. It is hermetic to any environmental influence. A closed system cannot interchange matter with its environment, but it can exchange energy. Environment

bbb TEMP

bbb VAC

bbb HYGR

bbb AMP

Environment Closed System

Its function is to continually evaluate the Open System and inform about the degree of disorder which it has, thus allowing to apply the actions required to restore its equilibrium.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. GTS – Complete System. The union of an Open System with its necessary closed system is considered a Complete System since it can function indefinitely due to the information provided by its Closed Systems about the system’s entropy, thus using the needed internal forces to allow the survival of the Complete System.

Environment

bbb TEMP

Entry

bbb VAC

bbb HYGR

Process

bbb AMP

Exit

Environment Complete Systems

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. GTS – System of Systems. A system of systems is what we usually find in a manufacturing company as its manufactured product or satisfactor. As an example, let us think of an automotive company for which, all the systems that comprise a car are represented in the figure below, - there are thousands of interrelated complete systems, all immersed in the same environment as the product, (Car). Environment From

other systems

Entry

Process

Exit

To

other

systems

Exit

To

other

systems

Exit

To

other

systems

Environment Environment

Entry

From

other systems

Entry

Process

Exit

Environment Environment Fromf other systems

Entry

Process

Environment

Environment 17


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Manufactured Product or Satisfactor. Here we have the final product of our automotive company. As can be seen, with this product we want to provide satisfaction to our possible clients that comprise a specific market formed by their wishes.

Environment Ambiente De otros sistemas

Entrada

De otros sistemas

Entrada

Proceso

Salida

A otros sistemas

Salida

A otros sistemas

Salida

A otros sistemas

Ambiente Ambiente Proceso

Ambiente Ambiente De otros sistemas

Entrada

Proceso

Ambiente

Environment We can achieve the above by ensuring that our product, when operating, provides its user satisfaction during all of its average promised life cycle. 18


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness. The survival of a manufacturing company depends on its effectiveness which can be detected through its users acceptance expressed by their favorable opinion regarding the satisfaction they derive from the use of the company’s products, also called satisfactors. The Satisfactor is the foundation we must always keep in mind and we must base on it the solution to conservation problems. If our manufactured Satisfactor is operating right, the manufacturing company is functioning well.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Product’s Analysis A product is formed by several material parts rationally structured to achieve a predetermined objective. Let us imagine a light bulb manufacturing company designing a product, comprised by materials such as tungsten, glass, copper, sealing adhesive, etcetera. Each of these elements has its own characteristics, and the whole is structured to achieve a specific objective, which, in this case, is to provide illumination with a quality defined by the market targeted.

Interrelated Matter 20


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Internal operation of the product Let us now imagine approximately what happens when a light bulb is connected to an electrical outlet: An intense electrical current goes through a filament which causes it to become incandescent, giving off light. To avoid the burning of the filament, the set of these materials is placed into a high vacuum glass bulb. We can now see clearly that the product has become a system. An energy movement is immediately produced within it, going from electronic to thermal and then to luminous energy, among others.

1 4 5

3 4

2

1.Glass bulb . 2.High vacuum. 3.Support wires for filament. 4.Conductor wires. 5.Metal fitting.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY.

Product and System The light bulb, as a unit, is the product manufactured by the company, which, in turn, guarantees that the light bulb will work as an Illuminating System. The light bulb remains idle and at the disposition of the final user until the time it is required to provide illuminating service. From this moment onward, the product becomes a system, that is, it becomes a Satisfactor. Idle Product

Functioning System = Satisfactor Working product

Service obtained Lightning

Product in operation = System = Satisfactor 22


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness

AN INDUSTRY IS EFFECTIVE WHEN A SATISFACTOR IS BALANCED

Satisfactor

Matter

Service

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness - System’s Attributes There are two opposing forces in industrial systems, Action and Reaction. Let us analyze each of them.

The Action. It is comprised by the following forces: •Entropy. It is the tendency of systems to destroy themselves by consuming more energy than they need. •Defects. It is the tendency of the system to destroy itself caused by the different matters that comprise it by being structured in series, in parallel, or in series-parallel. •Errors. Is the tendency of the system to destroy itself, involuntarily caused by humans during the system’s operation or conservation. 24


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness – System’s Attributes The Reaction. It is comprised by the following forces: •Homeostasis It is la tendency of systems to maintain the basic characteristics with which they were designed. •Feed - Back Feed-Back is the set of reactions within a system caused by a self-serving mechanism or by humans to accomplish that the system remain in equilibrium. This attributes interact according to Newton laws during the time the system is operating. 25


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness – Forces interacting in the System To each action there is a corresponding opposing equal reaction to the cause producing it. If, throughout time the forces are equal, the system remains in equilibrium. Errors Defects Entropy

Homeostasis Feed-back

If, throughout time, the forces are different, the system will cease to exist.

Errors Defects Entropy

Homeostasis Feed-back

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness – Forces within the illumination system Let us keep following with our light bulb example, which has been designed to provide an optimal luminous quality if an electric current of 120 Volts is applied to it. It will provide an acceptable luminous quality if the electrical current applied varies between 110 and 130 VAC. These are the parameters for our light bulb when it is working as a system.

As time goes by, the materials become degraded, errors occur randomly and with variable acuteness, or feedback is not applied with the appropriate opportunity and quality, so the system ceases to exist 27


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness – System’s parameters Using a control graph, let us now apply the criteria we have already seen to an AC generator. With this generator we are committed to our user to deliver 120 VAC as an optimum, with a 110 VAC as a minimum variance and 130 VAC as a maximum variance. These parameters are shown in the control graph which includes three areas, the control area, which includes the acceptable measurements, and the failure areas, which indicate the measurement values that are not acceptable, that is, the death of the system. The ideal is to take the system, through sustainability, to operate on the equilibrium of forces line, until the end of the generator’s useful life cycle. Failure area

130 Vac Equilibrium of forces line Action = Reaction

Control Areal

120 Vac

110 Vac Failure area Time

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness - Interaction of Action and Reaction Let us suppose that at the beginning the system worked well but as time goes by, due to the difference between Action and Reaction, it reaches a point (1) where slowly and imperceptibly, the system starts changing its temperature, pressure, wattage, etcetera, until there comes a time when we perceive the changes, announcing a . 2). At this moment, we start to do the necessary research to “Potential Failure� (point know the reasons for the deviation, plan its solution, and act in order to return the system to its equilibrium line, applying RCM criteria.

Failure area

130 VAC

a) Disequilibrium line Action vs. Reaction a

Control Area

2

120 VAC

1

110 VAC

Failure area Time

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness - Example Let us suppose that you are the operator of the generator we have been describing. At the start of the shift, you do the usual checks in the generator to take it to the appropriate parameters so that by 8 o’clock in the morning, the machine was already working as a system. By 10:45, the voltmeter read as 125 volts, so you decided to decrease the system’s velocity, and it returned to its equilibrium line. Similar situations happened at 12:50 and 13:50 hours, when you attended properly the problems. At 14:45 you had to go far from the machine, and at 14:55 hours you were informed about the system’s failure. Costly emergency tasks had to be performed, with the ensuing users annoyance. Imagine a problem like this one happening in the Bullet Train or an Airplane. Failure of death of system

Failure area

2 14:55 hrs.

130 VAC

2 10:45 hrs.

Control Area

1

1

1

1

120 VAC

2 12:50 hrs. 2 13:50 hrs.

110 VAC

Failure area

16:00 hrs.

Time

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Effectiveness - Vital Systems In reference to the importance of systems, these are classified as: •Vitals these are the systems that when they close down or their operation is degraded, they can cause loss of human life or catastrophic damages. •Important these are the systems that when they close down or their operation is degraded, they result in considerable costs. •Trivial these are systems that when they close down or their operation is degraded, the situation is not important.

In order to avoid failures in vital or important systems, since the XIX century, man started to develop systems capable of auto-regulation, called self-serving mechanisms. This type of mechanism when installed within a complete system’s environment, capture the information provided by the closed systems and perform the necessary modifications to restore the equilibrium between action and reaction of the complete system. 31


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Self-Serving mechanisms. The figure below considers that the three subsystems are working at the same time, but Number 1 is the one in charge of the Service. When an anomaly arises, it send an “Out of Service” message to the exchange box, which will then obtain the Service form subsystem 2. The process is repeated in a similar way if subsystem 2 fails, getting the service from subsystem 3. VITAL SERVICE SELF-SERVICE MECHANISM Searching for the service within The expected quality

a

b

Subsystem1 Outside of Quality for service

Subsystem 2 Outside of quality for service

Subsystem 3 Dentro de Quality for service

x Time of operation

Max. OK Min.

y

Time of operation

Max. OK Min.

Quality of service

a

Quality of service

Quality of service

1 2 3

Max. OK Min. Time of operation

It is useful to see that every time one of the systems fails, the system’s Dependability only decreases, thus providing time for its rehabilitation and perennial Reliability. 32


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. System’s Feed-Back Feed-Back is the set of actions and reactions that are within a system, are caused by their characteristic adversary forces, and are governed by self-serve mechanisms or by man to attain the goal that the system remain in equilibrium during its useful life time. Environment

SERVOMECANISMO. Buscando el servicio dentro de la calidad estipulada.

1

2

1

3

a

b

Sub-sistema 2 Fuera de calidad de servicio

Sub-sistema 3 Dentro de calidad de servicio

x Tiempo de operación

Max. OK Min.

y

Tiempo de operación

bbb

Max. OK Min.

Max. OK Min. Tiempo de operación

x Tiempo de operación

Max. OK Min.

y

Tiempo de operación

Max. OK Min.

Calidad de servicio

a Sub-sistema 1 Fuera de calidad de servicio

Calidad de servicio

b Sub-sistema 3 Dentro de calidad de servicio

Calidad de servicio

a Sub-sistema 2 Fuera de calidad de servicio

Calidad de servicio

a

Max. OK Min. Tiempo de operación

bbb

TEMP

3

a Sub-sistema 2 Fuera de calidad de servicio

x Tiempo de operación

Max. OK Min.

b

y

Tiempo de operación

Max. OK Min.

Sub-sistema 3 Dentro de calidad de servicio

Max. OK Min. Tiempo de operación

bbb

VAC

Entry

2

a Sub-sistema 1 Fuera de calidad de servicio

Calidad de servicio

3

Calidad de servicio

2

Sub-sistema 1 Fuera de calidad de servicio

Calidad de servicio

Calidad de servicio

SERVICIO VITAL

SERVICIO VITAL

SERVOMECANISMO. Buscando el servicio dentro de la calidad estipulada.

1

Calidad de servicio

SERVICIO VITAL

SERVOMECANISMO. Buscando el servicio dentro de la calidad estipulada.

bbb

HYGR

Process

AMP

Exit

Environment System with Self-serving mechanisms and human beings

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. The Manufacturing System The topic we have thus far analyzed is now a reality. Let us think about the world net of telecommunications comprised by systems open, closed, self-serve mechanisms, and persons governing the different forms of electric, radial, nuclear, etcetera energy, needed to establish quality human communication in seconds. This happened similarly in the Manufacturing System. Let us see its birth and development. The beginning of the Manufacturing System can be related to the birth and development of micro-businesses (Prehistory, ten thousand years ago). The people that created them in order to obtain their vital satisfactors (clothing, living facilities, food, etc.) were always occupied in their process but they also needed to attend the acquisition of inputs and the sale of their product. Suppliers

Inpunts

Process

Users

Products

AN IMAGINARY EXAMPLE OF A MICRO-BUSINESS

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Manufacturing System. Due to sedentary life, the best micro-businesses started to join which gave rise to the forming of small businesses. Their interrelation continued to obtain more and better satisfactors, which became inputs and product that could be acquired by both nomad and sedentary persons. Micro 3

Micro 1

Users

Suppliers

Micro 2

Micro 4

IMAGINARY EXAMPLE OF A SMALL BUSINESS

Within this order of ideas, Micro businesses worked alone, for their own benefit and others worked for Small businesses, and these among themselves, as well as with clients and consumers, starting to form a net with its own life. 35


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. The Industrial Firms

Medium businesses were created in a similar way. We can now consider a large net comprised of micros, Small and Medium businesses (MiSandMes) integrated as complete systems with self-serve mechanisms, and persons governing the actions and reactions of the whole.

In Mexico, businesses are classified according to the number of employees, and the economic sector to which they belong. For our purposes, we will use the following classification: Mi = Micro business from 1 to 10 employees S = Small business from 11 to 100 employees MiSandMEs ME = Medium business from 101 to 250 employees Big Businesses from 251 on In developed countries, MiSandMEs provide over 99% of their Gross Internal Product (GIP) and the rest is contributed by Big Businesses. 36


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Manufacturing System. From what we have seen so far, we can consider that any country can be viewed as a true and living manufacturing net, comprised by its MiSandMes, and including its Big Businesses. No business within the system can live without an appropriate symbiosis to the nearest environment in which it is immersed.

Imports (Inputs)

Exports (Products)

Viewed thus, the country also behaves as a system which imports its inputs and exports its products, looking for progress. 37


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Summarizing To seek a better understanding, let us see the road we have followed during this presentation: We started studying Ecology and proved that there is a close relationship between Ecology and Industrial Conservation. We then moved to the General Theory of Systems, learning their structure and operation until we obtained the knowledge sufficient to understand the more developed systems, integrated by self serve mechanisms and human beings. We later continued with the creation and development of Manufacturing Systems which represent a country’s dynamism. We also noted the importance of the country’s MiSandMes in the generation of the Gross Internal Product, (GIP).

Let us now continue with the development of Eco technology.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Eco technology.

Its application seeks the optimum and efficient use of energy and the improvement of domestic, industrial and labor processes. Eco technology is composed of techniques developed to care for earth’s habitat. Its goal is an efficient and efficacious use of energy and the improvement of manufacturing processes. From Industrial Ecology’s point of view, Eco technology seeks to establish industrial systems sustainable under two premises. •Develop the input entries and product exits cycle. •Promote energy’s efficiency through the use of energy in cascade processes.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Applied Ecotechnology. Industrial Symbiotic environment Exit (Products and Wastes)

Inputs

Inputs

Exit (Products and Wastes) Pharmaceutical

Electric Center Inputs

Exit Comunidad

Inputs Refinery

System’s Product Heat Vapor

Calcium Sulfate Carbon Light Gas

Exit (Products and Wastes)

Waste water Clay Plaster waste

Inputs

Exit (Products and wastes) Manufacturing

Electriciy Centerl

Manufacturer

Refinery

Community

Pharmaceutical

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Manufacturing Industrial Ecology.

We have mentioned that an Ecosystem’s sustainability activities allow the species contained within it to remain in equilibrium with the resources they are symbiotic with. Let us remember our figure. Knowledge of Matter that integrates Eco System Eco System’s Structure Knowledge of Service provided By Eco System

An Eco System’s Sustainability

Eco System’s Conservation

Preservatio of quality of matter of Eco System Maintenance of quality of services provided by Eco System

We can conclude that we will achieve our country’s manufacturing system sustainability, knowing in depth its structure and applying Conservation actions, and not only maintenance. 41


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Industrial Conservation. Industrial Conservation refers to every human action which, through the application of scientific and technical knowledge, contributes to the optimal use of existing resources in the human habitat, and promotes men and society’s integral development. Industrial Conservation is applied to achieve sustainability for the ecologic system, preserving the quality of matter and maintaining the quality of the service provided by the matter. Industrial Conservation

Preservation (Quality of matter))

Maintenance (Quality of service))

Industrial Conservation Branches

Let us apply these criteria to a manufactured product, for example a working light bulb, a car, a train, etc. 42


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY.

Manufactured Product’s Conservation. Let us remember that a working light bulb is an Illumination System and that its sustainability will be obtained applying Conservation criteria, that is, preserving the quality of matter and maintaining the quality of the service. To preserve the quality of matter

INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION

To maintain the quality of the service

Branches of Industrial Conservation

Let us now analyze what preservation is. 43


INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Conservation for the Manufactured Product. Preserving. Preservation refers to the actions to avoid the degrading of an object through applying preventive measures to the main deterioration elements. Example for Preservation activities: • Lubrication. • Paint. • Cleaning. • Substitution of elements. • Water proofing. • Etc.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. Conservation for the Manufactured Product. Maintaining. Maintenance refers to human activities to guarantee a Service within an expected quality. Examples for Maintenance activities: Important and trivial items •Programmed restoration for components. • Programmed replacement for components. • Search for failures in closed systems. Vital items. • Electronic monitoring. • RCM application (potential failure “P”).

Failure area

System’s failure or death

F

P

Control area Failure area time

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. COROLLARY Since mid 20th. Century, Maintenance and Management, especially at their top levels, have experienced an outstanding interdependent evolution, such that, the end of that Century saw the emergence of the concept of “Asset Management”. The British norm PASS 55 is derived from the above mentioned concept. Its main objective is optimum management of assets to achieve expected and sustainable results, but based on the original Maintenance focus, not in the current concept of Conservation…. What is the next step?

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. COROLLARY (continues) Throughout this document, we have studied in depth several factors regarding the importance of an ecologic focus required for Industrial Conservation tasks. We have proved that there is a close relationship between Industrial Maintenance, Ecology, and Eco technology.

The next step is to take advantage of this relationship for the development of companies without damaging their environment and their ecologic milieu.

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INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION AND ITS RELATION WITH ECOLOGY. COROLLARY (continues) The symbiosis among companies is very important. It can help minimize the damage to the environment, and the usage of waste material generated by each System generates, so that the systems can better use energy and matter to create satisfactors. This is the change in focus we require. This is the path to evolution we must take: FROM INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE TO ECOLOGIC MANAGEMENT OF SYSTEMS .

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Industrial conservation and ecology