380 THE FACTS ON FILE GUIDE TO GOOD WRITING semicolon A punctuation mark (;) used to indicate a break in the structure or meaning of a sentence, stronger than a comma but not as strong as a colon. sentence A group of clauses or phrases that form a meaningful syntactical unit, conventionally beginning with an initial capital letter and ending with a period, exclamation point, or question mark. sentential relative clause clause as a whole:
A relative clause that refers to the preceding
The decision was greeted with derision, which was predictable. simile A figure of speech in which two dissimilar things are compared, typically introduced by like or as: She had skin like marble. simple sentence
A sentence that consists of a single clause.
singular Referring to only one person, one object, etc., in contrast to plural. split infinitive An infinitive in which an adverb or other word is placed between the to and the base part of the verb (to sometimes break, to gently persuade). standard English The form of English that is generally considered universally acceptable and formally correct in terms of spelling, grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary. statement A sentence in which a fact (or facts) is declared, without a response being necessarily expected. stress The emphasizing of a word or part of a word when speaking aloud. subject A word or phrase (usually a noun or pronoun) that precedes the verb in most sentences and is the prime mover behind the action of the verb: The child ran into the garden. subject case The form of a pronoun when it serves as the subject of a sentence (I, you, he, she, it, we, etc.). subjective Used to describe the case or form of a pronoun when it serves as the subject of a verb (I, he, they, who, etc.). subjunct
An adverb that plays a subordinate role in a clause or sentence:
I thought she seemed rather pleased with herself.