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GLOSSARY OF GRAMMATICAL TERMS

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direct speech The writing down of the actual words that were spoken, in contrast to reported, or indirect, speech in which they are reworded or otherwise not rendered verbatim: “Hand me the gun,” said the police officer. disjunct A category of adverbs in which the writer comments on the content or style of a clause or sentence: Personally, I could not see the difference. double negative The presence of two negatives in a single sentence, as a result of which they cancel out each other: She didn’t see nothing. ellipsis

The omission of part of a sentence in order to avoid repetition:

We expected her to come, but she didn’t [come]. Also, the punctuation mark (. . .), which indicates that material has been omitted, and is used in quoted passages to indicate that the extract has been shortened by omission of words: The tour guide reminded us, when in Rome . . . In the letter she wrote, “Although not well, . . . I will travel tomorrow.” emphatic pronoun A reflexive pronoun that is positioned within a sentence in order to add emphasis: I myself have seen the ghost on a number of occasions. equivalence The comparison of two people or things that are judged to be equal, employing the structure as . . . as: This bag is as heavy as that one. exclamation A word, clause, or sentence expressing surprise, anger, approval, delight, etc.: Heavens! What a beautiful baby! exclamation point delight, etc.

A symbol (!) denoting surprise, anger, approval,

expletive An exclamatory word or phrase, typically of an obscene or profane nature. The term may also be used to refer to a syllable, word, or phrase that is inserted in a sentence without adding to the sense: We need to make it clear that bad behavior will not be tolerated. etymology

The study of words and their historical origins.

Guide to good writing - Martin Manser  
Guide to good writing - Martin Manser  
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