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362 THE FACTS ON FILE GUIDE TO GOOD WRITING writers seeking to avoid repetition of the same word or looking for a more accurate or evocative alternative to a word they have already considered. For example, you may have used the word important already. A thesaurus would list significant, critical, vital, and crucial as possible synonyms (words that mean much the same thing). It might also include antonyms (words that have an opposite meaning). Some thesauri are arranged alphabetically, while others adopt a thematic approach, with an index at the end guiding the reader to entries relevant to a particular word. Some leading English thesauri include Roget’s International Thesaurus Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Thesaurus Webster’s New World Thesaurus The Bloomsbury Thesaurus The New Penguin Thesaurus The Cassell Thesaurus The Oxford Thesaurus Collins English Thesaurus Chambers Thesaurus

OTHER REFERENCE BOOKS As well as dictionaries and thesauri, there are several other specialized types of reference source of use to writers. Dictionaries of English usage provide help with the correct usage of grammar and vocabulary and offer much information that is not included in the average language dictionary. Fowler, H. W., and R. Burchfield, eds. New Fowler’s Modern English Usage. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Manser, Martin H. Good Word Guide. 5th ed. London: Bloomsbury, 2003. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1993. Peters, Pam. The Cambridge Guide to English Usage. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Manuals of style offer detailed advice on writing styles, including punctuation, spelling, grammar, citations, bibliographies, indexes, writing and book-making procedures, and more. The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. MLA Style Manual. 2d ed. New York: Modern Language Association, 1998. The Gregg Reference Manual. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwina, 2004. Words into Type. 3d ed. New York: Prentice Hall, 1974. Some style guides offer more general advice on how to improve writing style. The Elements of Style (often known more familiarly as “Strunk and White”) has long been considered a classic in this genre. The Facts On File Guide to Style, the companion to this volume, builds on the material pre-

Guide to good writing - Martin Manser  
Guide to good writing - Martin Manser  
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