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UNIVERSIDAD DEL ISTMO SEDE DE SANTIAGO

NAME: LISETH RODRIGUEZ

PROFESSOR: MYRIAM DE ESCLOPIS

SUBJECT: SEMINARIO DE ACTUALIZACIÓN

2014


THE INTERNET The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link several billion devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the interlinked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), the infrastructure to support email, and peer-to-peer networks for file sharing and telephony. The origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the United States government in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication via computer networks. While this work, together with work in the United Kingdom and France, led to important precursor networks, they were not the Internet. There is no consensus on the exact date when the modern Internet came into being, but sometime in the early to mid-1980s is considered reasonable. From that point, the network experienced decades of sustained exponential growth as generations of institutional, personal, and mobilecomputers were connected to it. The Internet continues to grow, driven by ever greater amounts of online information and knowledge, commerce, entertainment and social networking.[28] During the late 1990s, it was estimated that traffic on the public Internet grew by 100 percent per year, while the mean annual growth in the number of Internet users was thought to be between 20% and 50%. [29] This growth is often attributed to the lack of central administration, which allows organic growth of the network, as well as the non-proprietary open nature of the Internet protocols, which encourages vendor interoperability and prevents any one company from exerting too much control over the network.[30] As of 31 March 2011, the estimated total number of Internet users was 2.095 billion (30.2% of world population). [31] It is estimated that in 1993 the Internet carried only 1% of the information flowing through twoway telecommunication, by 2000 this figure had grown to 5 and by 2007 more than 97% of all telecommunicated information was carried over the Internet.


IMPORTANCE OF THE TECHNOLOGY

Several technological advances have always tried the minds of men. But one thing is for sure, technology has always been there to help us in our everyday situations. Just think of how you could get food to stay fresh without a fridge. In fact, technology has given us the power to support our rapidly growing needs in order to survive. In these days, who would not want to see a computer in the office? Other fields, such as in construction, require the use of bulldozers and other equipment to help build those skyscrapers that we see today. Several robots have been designed today to help with rescue missions and military to help us have a safe life. In truth, the wonders of technology will continue to support our business activities. Transport. Technology helps us if we want to go to different places. Nowadays, it is not uncommon to see cars on the road. In addition, there are the new trains powered by electricity, which can travel long distances in a short period of time. There are several ways to communicate with our friends and family today. By phone at our state-of-the-art for video cell phones, the technology is always there to help us be in touch with our loved ones. Even the deaf can hear with headphones. Medical science is a field that really benefits from the technology. It’s easier to diagnose internal diseases with the help of some machines, such as CT scans At home. Surely, appliances are marvels of technology. You would not want to be wasting time hand washing clothes when you have the machine to do it. Moreover, would not want to sit in a hot room when a fan or an air conditioner capable of cooling. Entertainment. Almost every household owns a television or a radio now. They offer us entertainment in our homes while we relax. Also, there are many computer games console out there. Think of the fun and enjoyment you could have with these machines. Not only do we enjoy yourself, but it could also become a time to bond with your friends and families. Technology has always been a gift to our lives. It’s just us use it well. If we can do things faster and better, then it must be a gift from the gods, right? But, as always, we must not too dependent on technology, because if ever these gifts we cannot, we must always try to help ourselves to live.


TECHNOLOGY