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Lisa Marie DeJoseph M. Arch Portfolio

B.S. Civil Engineering Lafayette College 2013

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Columbia Intro to Architecture

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Capstone Design Project

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Overlook Structure

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Total Cost of Ownership Research

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Explorations in Systems

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Artwork

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Columbia Intro to Architecture Summer 2013 Critics: Jeremy Barbour and Eduardo Rega Columbia University’s Intro to Architecture is an intensive summer, pre-professional course in the design, history, theory and practice of architecture. Throughout this course I completed a comprehensive design project that included: SITE ANALYSIS SPATIAL CATALOG LIBRARY – TRANSIENT RELIQUARY

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SITE ANALYSIS In order to thoroughly experience the Carrie McCracken TRUCE Community Garden, I produced a series of analytical drawings and video footage that diagrams several aspects of the site and its environs. A narrative began to emerge as I identified actions and resonance of designated actors with the site. Each analytical drawing incorporates the performance of each actor on the site. 3

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DIAGRAM OF SOUND Sound comes from various sources within the site as well as outside of the site. The purple points designate trees within the site, through which penetrate the sounds of birds and passing wind. The blue points indicate where water escapes from hoses throughout the community garden. The green represents the passage of people, while red designates the passing traffic. 4

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Diagram that shows the wind coming from various directions in section.

Diagram that shows how the wind moves around objects at ground level in the site. 5

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Diagram that shows how the wind moves around objects at eye level in the site

Diagram that shows how the wind moves in section through an elevation change.

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DIAGRAM OF WIND Wind permeates the site and affects the experience within the site. The diagrams show the different directions and effects of the wind . The collage shows how the different directions of wind affect the plants in the site. 6

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SPATIAL CATALOG By zooming in and isolating moments of conflict, resonance and agreement within my drawings, I was able to extract specific spatial conditions. Using Bristol board and wooden stick models, I developed 3-dimensional constructs that allow for inhabitable spaces. I used a distinct systems for each spatial condition, and tested the limits of that system. 7

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Passage is motion between points. A passage is a progressive journey from one point to another.

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Threshold is a point at which a change occurs. It may involve expansion and contraction, a beginning point or a transition.

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Envelope is something that wraps, separates and may or may not provide enclosure.

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LIBRARY – TRANSIENT RELIQUARY The conditions identified in the site analysis and spatial catalog are the result of transitional spaces. In order to occupy these transitional spaces, I designed a library. This intervention will re-define, mediate and negotiate the guest/host relationship through the design of a place for the consumption, production and conservation of the written word. 13

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The goal of the design is to link the community, the garden and the library. This occurs through the use of three screens. One screen faces the street so that the library is connected to the community. Another screen faces the interior courtyard, fulfilling the program of the existing garden. The third screen is that of the book stacks. This screen allows patrons of the library to view the entire property. It also looks out over the created party wall. The system of repeated ”V’s”, acts as a screen, a structural system and a place to store the books.

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Capstone Design Project Spring 2013 Professors: Dr. John Greenleaf and Dr. Anne Raich The Capstone Design class is the final requirement for B.S. Civil Engineering candidates in the last year of study. This was a collaborative class project to design a bookstore for a site one block away from the Lafayette College campus. The extent of the project was comprehensive, including architectural, structural, environmental, foundational, utilities and site designs. I assisted on the architectural, site and structural teams. However, my primary area of focus was implementing sustainable measures within the architectural design.

15 rendering by Minyan Li MArch Portfolio.indd 18

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The design includes space for a cafĂŠ, bookstore, post office, reprographics, reception area, reading room, lecture hall, art gallery, conference areas, and storage. The facility is designed to be rated as at least LEED silver. Sustainable measures taken include a passive solar design, natural ventilation, green roof and solar panels. The passive solar design includes the mixed use of screening and large windows to decrease solar gains during the summer and increase solar gains during the winter. The natural ventilations occur due to the three floor atrium, and the glass roof.

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Overlook Structure Fall 2012 Professors: Dr. John Greenleaf and Dr. Anne Raich As part of the requirements for my civil engineering degree, I had to complete a project that covered the fields of structural engineering, geotechnical engineering, foundations design, concrete design and construction management. The challange that was presented was the design of a structure that overlooks the hill upon which my college campus is located. The rules specified that no bracing could be used on the and we were only allowed to use a counterweight to support the overlook. This was a group project in which I touched all aspects of the design, however my primary focus was the footing design.

other group members: Se Hyung Kim Xinyi Ma Rowan Jones

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FOOTING DESIGN The structure is elevated 3’6’’ above ground. It stands on top of 38 columns, each of which measures 3’ by 3’. Beneath these columns are square footings. The maximum axial load applied to the column is 58570 lbs. Bearing pressure under this maximum load is 2342.8 psf. Since the bearing capacity of soil on site is 7000 psf, the footing design is safe in terms of bearing pressure. Due to a small area of steel required in the reinforcement, wire mesh was used instead of steel rods to reinforce the concrete footing. Columns are connected to footings by anchor bolts. Based on the calculated shear force, the design uses anchor bolts of 0.25’’ diameter for some columns and 0.75’’ for others. 21

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Structural Model

Front View

Back View 22

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Total Cost of Ownership Research Independent Study Spring 2012 Professor: Dr. Kristen Sanford Bernhardt While interest in sustainable building practices has increased over recent years due to the potential for significant lifecycle cost savings over the operational phase of a facility’s life, obstacles remain in the implementation of such practices in public construction projects. One such obstacle results from the difficulty in generating accurate estimates for Total Cost of Ownership (TCO )of a facility in the early stages of design. Goal: To build a model with NetLogo (an agent-based modeling program) to simulate the TCO and Total Initial Cost (TIC) of a building project after considering green technologies. Ideas Incorporated: Market penetration – technologies that are more well-known are more likely to be selected. Affinity – some technologies are more appropriate than others for a particular situation. Greenness – refers to the sustainability of a technology.

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PHASE I Purpose: To select the most appropriate owner-designer-contractor team Mechanism: The model selects the most appropriate combination of designer and contractor (the cheapest team that meets the owner’s requirements) based on owner personality, designer greenness, owner minimum experience and owner minimum values. Output: The most appropriate owner-designer-contractor team (to be used in Phase II)

PHASE II Purpose: Given a building prototype, lower TCO and increase greenness by substituting alternative technologies Mechanism: •A prototype building is created with a set of prototype assemblies based on conventional building technologies. A set of alternative assemblies representing green technologies is also created. •Alternative assemblies either move or “jump” around the screen. When an alternative assembly reaches a prototype, it is compared to determine whether they are the same type (e.g., window, wall finish). Three different possible movement methods: •An alternative assembly can replace a comparable prototype assembly if its TCO is lower and its technology is greener. A new building TCO is calculated and updated on the plot. Output: Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) and Total Initial Cost (TIC) 25

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COMPARISON OF MODELS

CONCLUSIONS Although this model is not yet complete, we hope that one day it will be used to accurately determine the total cost of ownership during the early stages of design, to encourage owners of building projects to incorporate more green design features in building construction. This is an interdisciplinary research that involves the study of civil engineering, computer science, and economics.

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Uncertainty: The model should not guarantee an optimal solution “Jumping effect”: Assemblies move more than one patch per tick; therefore, an alternative may pass it corresponding prototype many times before landing on it. FUTURE WORK -Increase the sophistication of assembly comparisons -Improve the representation of “greenness” -Incorporate learning on the part of owners, designers, and contractors 26

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Explorations in Systems As a student of Civil Engineering, there is an emphasis put on systems. All aspects of Civil Engineering involve the interaction of multiple systems such as, structural elements, foundations, concrete design, transportation, etc. The systems involved in Civil Engineering principles are rigid and formulaic. For this project, I wanted to test the principles involved in the systems I have learned about. Every system has a distinct set of rules and many systems are based on different components coming together. I wanted to explore these concepts to dismantle my preconceived notions of what can and cannot be a system. The ending result is a simple, usable, inhabitable structure.

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BUILDING BLOCKS OF A SYSTEM

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POROSITY

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STURDY AND FLEXIBLE

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INHABITABLE

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Artwork

Sketch of a portion if the Brooklyn Bridge done on site. Charcoal. 16x24.

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Portrait of an English bulldog. Pencil. 9x12.

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Self-portrait with foreshortening. Charcoal. 16x20

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Still life of shoes. Charcoal. 10x14.

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Portrait of a man playing a trumpet. Colored pencil. 9 ½ x 12.

Chairs in a row. Colored Pencil. 8x10. 39

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Portrait of a girl in a blue shirt. Colored Pencil. 9x11.

Portrait of a woman sleeping. Colored pencil. 12 ½ x 17. 40

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