Issuu on Google+


CONTENTS Chapter 1: Biography ................................ Chapter 2: Family....................................... Chapter 3: Reign........................................ Chapter 4: Death.......................................


BIOGRAPHY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH I

Queen Elizabeth I's signature Elizabeth I was born in Greenwich Palace, in the Chamber of Virgins on 7 September 1533, between three and four o'clock in the afternoon and named after both her grandmothers, that were Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth of Howard. Elizabeth I was a second daughter of King Henry VII of England and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. At birth, Elizabeth was the heiress presumptive to the throne of England. Elizabeth was baptized on 10 September in a ceremony held at Greenwich Palace. Elizabeth could write English, Latin, and Italian. Under Grinder, a talented and skillful tutor, she also progressed in French and Greek. At that time, her formal education ended in 1550, and she was the best educated woman of her generation. When her mother, Anne Boleyn was executed in 1536, Elizabeth was


declared illegitimate and losing her position in line to the throne along with her sister Mary.

KING HENRY VIII AND HIS FAMILY AT HAMPTON COURT She was Queen Regnant of England and Queen Regnant of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes, people called her The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, or Good Queen Bess. Elizabeth was the fifth and the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. When she was older, she became famous for her virginity, and a cult grew up around her, which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day. In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and siblings.


Elizabeth I


FAMILY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH I

King Henry VIII (father) Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was also Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) and claimant to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the House of Tudor, succeeding his father, Henry VII. King Henry VIII was the second son of King Henry VII and his wife Elizabeth of York. For most of his life, Henry was a devoted Roman Catholic.


After separating the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, Henry married the woman he had been in love with for some years, Anne Boleyn. Henry were sure that the child they were expecting was a boy, but to their disappointment, the baby born on the 7th of September 1533 was a girl: the future Queen Elizabeth I.

Anne Boleyn (mother) Anne Boleyn(1501 or 1507 – 19 May 1536) was the Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VII in her own right for herself and her descendants. Anne was crowned Queen of England on 1 June 1533. On 7 September, she gave birth to the future


Elizabeth.

Queen Mary I (half-sister) Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the eldest daughter of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. She was Queen regnant of England and Queen regnant of Ireland from 19 July 1553 until her death. She was the eldest daughter of Henry VIII. Mary was kept away from her mother, even when Catherine fell seriously ill, and was made to wait on her half-sister, Elizabeth I, the King's new daughter by Anne.


Edward VI (half- brother) Edward VI (12 October 1537–6 July 1553) became King of England and Ireland on 28 January 1547 and was crowned on 20 February at the age of nine. The son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, Edward was the third monarch of the Tudor dynasty and England's first ruler who was raised as a Protestant.


THE REIGN PERIOD Elizabeth I became a queen on Thursday, 17 November 1558, aged 25. Elizabeth I was crowned Queen by Owen Oglethorpe, Bishop of Carlisle at Westminster Abbey, a little less than two months after the death of Mary I. The following day, 15 January 1559, Elizabeth was crowned at Westminster Abbey and anointed by the Catholic bishop of Carlisle. She was then presented for the people's acceptance, amidst a deafening noise of organs, fifes, trumpets, drums, and bells.


Elizabeth became a Queen A LIST OF QUEEN ELIZABETH'S PRINCIPAL SUITORS: Early Years (1534-1557) 1534 Duke of Angoulme (third son of Francis I) c1542 A Prince of Portugal 1543 Son of the Earl of Arran 1544 Prince Philip (Philip II) 1547 Sir Thomas Seymour 1552 Prince of Denmark 1553 Courtenay, Earl of Devon-shire


1554 Philibert Emanuel, Duke of Savoy 1554 Prince of Denmark 1556 Prince Eric of Sweden 1556 Don Carlos (son of Philip II) As Queen (1558-1584) 1559 Philip II 1559 Prince Eric of Sweden 1559 Son of John Frederic, Duke of Saxony 1559 Sir William Pickering 1559 Earl of Arran 1559 Henry Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel 1559 Robert Dudley 1560 King Eric of Sweden 1560 Adolphus, Duke of Holstein 1560 King Charles IX 1560 Henry, Duke of Anjou 1566 Robert Dudley 1568 Archduke Charles 1570 Henry Duke of Anjou 1572- 1584 Francis, Duke of Alencon


DEATH OF ELIZABETH I The Queen's health remained fair until the autumn of 1602, when a series of deaths among her friends plunged her into a severe depression. In February 1603, the death of Catherine Howard, Countess of Nottingham, the niece of her cousin and close friend Catherine, Lady Knollys, came as a particular blow. In March, Elizabeth fell sick and remained in a "settled and unremovable melancholy". She died on 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, between two and three in the morning. A few hours later, Cecil and the council set their plans in motion and proclaimed James VI of Scotland as king of England.

Elizabeth's funeral cortege


Some pictures of Elizabeth I



Queen Elizabeth I