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Li-Wen Lin

MFA in Interior Environments Portfolio 2010-2012


Louis H. Sullivan said, “The life is recognizable in its expression that form ever follows function.� For me, function has many definitions.


Form follows IDENTITY. Form redefines a need/function. Form follows PROGRAMME. Form changes its type/function according to people’s needs. Form follows INTERACTION. Form exists in the activity/function between people. Form follows ATMOSPHERE. Form envelops the space with certain purpose/function Form follows RELATIONSHIPS. Form has an emotional connection/function between people. Form follows EMOTION. Form provides an experience/function of strong feelings to a person. Form follows USERS. Form provides individuals’ different services/functions according to their activities. Form follows SOLUTION. Form faces questions and gives answers/functions to the them. Form follows SEQUENCE. Form shows the order/function in response to how important it is. Form follows EFFICIENCY. Form shows the competence in performance with a minimum effort/function. Based on the definition, I remind myself that whenever I make a design decision, I should look back on what forms the function. Again, I truly believe that “form ever follows function.”


Thesis: Youth Hostel

CONTENT

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12x12x12 Modular Gallery

Design Transformation

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31

Project presented to Eva Maddox, Perkins+Will's design principal

Advertising Office

Nature and Human's Space

Tour's Footprint

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Thesis: Youth Hostel

Thesis: Youth Hostel Date: Sep.2011-May.2012 Site: 112 East Clay St., Richmond, VA

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Concept

In a centrally located area in the city of Richmond, the youth hostel that I propose provides young people and backpackers a suitable place to stay while enjoying their journey in the historical city of Richmond. The youth hostel offers inexpensive overnight lodging and other amenities they can use for themselves such as selfserve kitchens, laundry rooms, etc. Something that is worth mentioning, the youth hostel's site is also close by the Richmond Visitor Center. It can offer travelers some travel information or souvenir venue. Furthermore, with the distinguished site, there is another characteristic. That is, the building was built in 1963 and it represents the International Building Style.

The Jackson Ward community primarily consists of traditional architecture style buildings, such as Italianate and Second Empire styles. The building for this project is the only modern structure. This makes it stand out and give the impression of an emotionless institution. Therefore, there is no doubt that the International Style building holds a place in this community. So, how can the community embrace this site? How do the characteristics of Jackson Ward integrate with my building? And how can the architectural style of this building relate better and warm up to the residents?

By transforming the residential design elements in Jackson Ward Area, my endeavor is not only to create a welcoming youth hostel inside the building but also to introduce Richmond's history and famous spots to travelers. While more people visit the youth hostel, more people will know about Jackson Ward, and the city of Richmond.


Thesis: Youth Hostel

Metaphor Start with a metaphor. I question myself what my program and building are like. Then I choose the idea of components as my main goal for making the concept models.

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pizza oreo hamburger puzzle hot pot bookshelf garden tool box big apple cake lego

Porch

Diagram

To have a closer relationship between the diagram and the plan, I drew the diagram by assuming the concept model is a building. I question where the social spaces can happen. From the concept model, I can see various possibilities of different height walls which can also be built-in tables or benches. Corresponding to the diagram, I layout the plan of the 1st floor, 3rd floor and 4th floor to figure out where the focal point and other rooms are located.

1F

2F

3F

bench table

to the ceiling half-tall wall

open to below gathering space/ lounge area

4F


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Concept Model

Phase One After choosing a metaphor concept, I start to build concept models of "pizza" and "puzzle." The puzzle model is made of rectangular panels which symbolize the similar shape of puzzles. The other important detail is the joints of each panel which I simplify from the joints of the puzzle. The pizza model has a central focal point by surrounding panels to announce the importance of the space and also to provide function by separating from other spaces. Phase Two For the puzzle model, I make two different versions considering the orientation and the scale of the panels. As for the pizza model, I build the central square panels as the focal point in the square shape from the previous triagle one. Similarly, for the sake of expressing its importance, I build the central on top of the supporting panels around it. Phase Three Since "pizza" and "puzzle" modles both have a central space, I put more emphasis on the central space and make it to be viewed as the most important space in my program. One of the methods is to keep the center open as before and another method is to add wires to empasize the important space. And during this phase, I use chipboard and basswood, to tell the difference between the walls that create separation in the space and the structural walls.


Thesis: Youth Hostel

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Phase Four Corresponding to the porch diagram on page 9, the yellow area represents the lounge area or gathering space. This area is attatched to the important opening throughout the whole building. The vertical panels extending outward to differetn floors become sitting benches, tables or walls.

Phase Five To figure out more possibilities of the central opening, I build more extending versions from the phase three . Also, different materials have different meanings to me. I use chipboard to build up the opening while using basswood to build the separation of the space. Finally, I choose the right one to be my next phase's prototype.

Phase Six Similarly, I assume if the phase five model is a building, what the building would look like. In this phase, the opening is offset so that different openings are given different functions which are not restricted to the gathering space anymore. For example, the top opening is more inclined to create the skylight into the whole building while the lower opening gives people a welcoming atmosphere with the high ceiling.


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06 02

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Floor Plan

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1st Floor

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2nd Floor

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open to below porch diagram key legend 01. reception 02. lobby 03. luggage room 04. lounge area 05. game area 06. dining area 07. bar 08. full-size kitchen 09. restroom 10. computer room 11. conference room 12. laundry room 13. private room (one person) 14. private room (three persons) 15. private room (four persons) 16. dorm room (10 persons) 17. dorm room (4 persons) 18. bathroom (female) 19. bathroom (male) 20. mini kitchen 21. private room (two persons)

0'

3'

6'

12'


Thesis: Youth Hostel

The main entrance is located on Clay street, the second one is located adjancent to the parking lot, and the third one facing the alley is the emergency exit. There is a high ceiling open from the second floor welcoming everyone while walking into the hostel from the entrance on the Clay street. The lounge area on the first floor is directly adjacent to the windows which look out to Second street. The second floor has one conference room and one computer room which are adjacent to the ceiling opening. Meanwhile, the smaller L shape opening is surrounded by the lounge are. The third floor opening along the longitudinal wall has the best view of the whole building. Also, due to facing the northwest, it allows for the sunshine to get into the space. In the middle of the space, there is a gathering area and stairs connceting the third floor and the fourth floor.

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3rd Floor

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4th Floor

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Section

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3'

6'

12'


Thesis: Youth Hostel

Section

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Axon Section

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oor

2nd fl

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01 03

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or

1st flo

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key legend 01. reception 02. lobby 03 luggage room 04. lounge area 05. game area

06 dining area 07. bar 08. full-size kitchen 09. restroom 10. computer room

11. conference room 12. laundry room 13. private room (one person) 14. private room (three persons) 15. private room (four persons)


Thesis: Youth Hostel

1st floor: high ceiling welcomes visitors at the entrance and travelers from different countries can have an interaction through pinning up their countries on the cork wall

2nd floor: vertical connections through 1st floor and 2nd floor

1st floor: open space connects the lounge, game, and dining areas

1st floor: a wrought-iron wall in the shape of Virginia seperates the bar and the kitchen

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Axon Section

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oor

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4th fl

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oor

3rd fl

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key legend 04. lounge area 12. laundry room 13. private room (one person) 14. private room (three persons) 15. private room (four persons)

16. dorm room (10 persons) 17. dorm room (4 persons) 18. bathroom (female) 19. bathroom (male) 20. mini kitchen 21. private room (two persons)


Thesis: Youth Hostel

3rd floor and 4th floor: multi level atrium emphasizes views to the city

3r floor: stairs in dorm rooms provide easy access to the top bunk and the wrought iron sculpture features the famous spots of Richmond.

3rd floor and 4th floor: floors peel back to connect levels sectionally

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Final Model

exterior facade, looking into the parking lot

section of the whole building


Thesis: Youth Hostel

Detailed Model

the dorm room section

the dorm room's open ceiling at the entrance

the dorm room's built-in desk and stairs

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12x12x12 Modular Gallery

Project presented to Eva Maddox, Perkins+Will's design principal

12x12x12 Modular Gallery Date: Aug.2011 Program: The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts is sponsoring a traveling exhibition that will visit a dozen major museums in the US (12 works x 12 cities x 2012). The exhibition will travel from city to city in the back of a twenty foot moving van.

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Concept

From Native Americans to Frank Lloyd Wright, both old and modern eras share similar geometric forms in design. It is important to show how the continuous geometric forms connect the whole gallery. Therefore, two different groups of artworks integrate the space from the open area to the closed area with a transition area in between. The closed area represents the old era while the open area represents the modern era.

The Old Era's Collection

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The Modern Era's Collection

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12x12x12 Modular Gallery

Sketch

These sketches show the process how I try different layouts in the space. Some of the sketches show the idea of independent exhibit spaces for two collections while some are keeping the space in a continuous flow. Finally, I decide to have the exhibit space in the continuous flow, so peopel will have a certain route to see all the artworks.

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c

d

Constructural Drawing

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SECTION

2

SCALE: 1/4"= 1'0"

c

ELEVATION SCALE: 1/4"= 1'0"

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f

key legend

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PLAN SCALE: 1/4"= 1'0"

a. assembled ceiling armature b. wall corresponds to "screen" artwork c. gap between the exterior and the interior allows diffused light into the interior space d. wall supports freestanding shelf and ceiling e. the platform for "screen" artwork f. panels decrease in length to create an open atmosphere g. columns seperate the furniture artworks


12x12x12 Modular Gallery

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C A

key legend A. The codes of Walls.

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h

A B

Plan Oblique

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D

B. a. detail fragments symbolizing the old era's art pieces b. ceiling armature c. 3" gap allowing diffusion of light into the space d. D wall armature e. exterior plan extends to the C wall f. columns connect overhead beams to A, B, D walls g. continuous platforms decrease in height from the c wall h. transition area from closed to open i. closed area j. open area k. entrance C. 1. freestanding shelf for placing old era's art pieces 2. platforms for placing modern era's art pieces 3. exhibition information wall 4. wall for hanging woven rug

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B

k

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j

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A2 D1

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e

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Phase One

Sketch Model

From the sketch plan, I start to build walls and partitions and think about where the twelve artworks are located at the same time. Also, the old era's collections have a closed space created by the ceiling, the wall and the partition while the modern era's collections have only low stages to create an open feeling. Between the old era's collections and the modern era's collections, there is a transition from closed to open by decreasing the wall and the ceiling.

Phase Two Based on the phase one, I add several L-shape collumns to make the whole structure firmer. In addition, the partition between the closed space and the open space is added some extra columns to announce the entrance and make the route more specific. Instead of walls, the transition area is made of panels with differnt lengths.


12x12x12 Modular Gallery

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Layout of Artworks Artworks referring to page 24.

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Final Model

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Detailed Models

lights penetrating from the gap

the wall and panels joining detail

the wall of the old era's collection

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Design Transformation

Design Transformation Date: Oct. 2011 Site: W. G. Clark's Hillman House in Charlottesville, Virginia Program: Design a new edge, surface, object, or system of objects capable of strategically transforming the Hillman House interior.

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Concept

Piero Lissoni, an Italian architect and designer, said "No matter the work is as huge as a building or as small as a personal chair, they share the same DNA." Based on this big idea, I drew diagrams(on the right page) to study the relationship between architecture and furniture which here I view as a device to fulfill the function of architecture. As a result, I come up with a concept that consider furniture itself as an architecture and when in need, it can be transformed to fulfill other functions that we need. At the same time, the design needs to meet with the requirements of the visual privacy, the view, and the natural light.


Design Transformation

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The Relationship of Architecture And Furniture

Design Criteria

architecture

furniture

Furniture derives from the architecture. visual privacy

view

natural light

They share the same "DNA".

Sometimes furniture is unique or outstanding in the architecture.

Sometimes furniture intergrates the environment of the architecture

or is built in the architecture.


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one combined intense whole built-in

transforming

parts seperate loose components freestanding

Diagram

From the existing furniture design, I realize that there are three most common ways, which are sliding, rotating and dividing, to show how furniture transforms from one object to several objects. And I choose sliding as my design solution for the transforming space.

"Drawer Shelf" by Keiji Ashizawa

"Cartesia" by Nosigner

"Cube 6" by Naho Matsuno


Design Transformation

Diagram of The View Privacy

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Diagram of The Sunlight in Summer

Diagram

The diagram is the study of three design criterias, which are the visual privacy, views and natural lights. When having dinner or relaxing on sofa, people in the house may sometimes want their own privacy while sometimes they may want to enjoy the views. It is also important to prevent the direct sunlight in summer. Hence, the right diagram shows how the sliding panels block the sunlight.

section

sunlight from top panels

sitting area peopel's view

living room dining room

plan

sunlight from middle panels

sunlight from bottom panels


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38' 8" 3' 8"

2' 8"

4' 2"

Elevation 9' 3"

38' 8"

1' 4"

2' 1.5"

31' 4"

17' 2"

28' 8"

Key Plan

design transformation area

Closed Panels

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3'

6'


Design Transformation

translucent paper

wood veneer

Open Panels

Random Panels

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1' 10"

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Detailed Plan Plan

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4'

Plan

mullion

Detailed Plan

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1'

2'

dia 1/2"sleeve

1/2" bolt

1/4"x2" rail

1/16" veneer dia 1-5/8" 1/4" bolt rubber caster


Design Transformation

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1/4" bolt 1/2" bolt 1/2" sleeve 1/16" spacer 3/4" thickness 1/16" veneer 3" depth mullion

Section

1/4"x2" rail

Detailed Section

Section

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Detailed Section

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Final Model


Design Transformation

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Advertising Office

Advertising Office Date: Jan. 2011 Site: 2100 E. Cary Street in Richmond, Virginia Program: A 10,300 square feet edgeworth building is now a new office space for an advertising company which has a staff of 20 and potentially see themselves growing to 30.

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The client, Hauser Advertising, sets up their objective as efficiency which inspires me the big idea of ants. Ants achieve their efficiency by strong connections of organization, teamwork and cooperation. It is important to know how people communicate with each other but still keep efficient. Therefore, I take ant nests as the inspiration to figure out the connection of the agency space. The goal is to make a connection not only between the space and employees but also between the space and the agency's clients.

Concept

Ant's Nest

Sketch of Imitating Ants' Route

Diagram of Ants' Nest


Advertising Office

Concept Model

Some of the concept models are built to abstract the texture of the ant's nest and some of them are built to show the idea of connection through closed loops.

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Eq Sp ui ec pm ial en ts

y Pr iva c

Da y an Lig Vi d/o hts ew r s

Pu Ar bli ea c s

cie jac

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ed Ne

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Food Service Acess/ 20 People Seats

2. Conference Room

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Food Service Acess/ 20 People Seats

3. Small Conference Room

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4-6 People Seats

4. Reception Area

200

1,5,10

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4-6 People Seats/ Gallery Space

15 LF

4,10

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6. Cut-Room Area

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10 People Seats

7. Editing Room

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Counter and Seating for 3 People

8. Server Closet

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9. Supply Closet

10 LF

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10. Printer/ Fax Area

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Hidden from Clients

11. Library

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Bookshelves about 20 LF

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Needs Locking

20 LF

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Shared by all

500

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Minimum 15 LF of counter space

per person

120

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6 Seats Total (2 more for expansion)

220

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H

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4 People Seats

per person

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Y

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12 Seats Minimum (8 more for future growth)

18. Reprint Storage

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About 2 Flat File Cabinets

19. Small Areas for Impromptu Meetings

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6,14,17

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12. Equipment Storage 13. File Cabinet 14. Lunchroom/ Kitchen 15. Private Office key legend H=High M=Medium L=Low Y=Yes N=No I=Important But Not Required

Special Considerations

1. Lounge/Presentation Room

5. Mail Area

Adjacency Matrix

SF

For Hauser Advertising

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CRITERIA MATRIX

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Ad

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16. President's Office 17. Semi-Private Office/ Work Stations


Advertising Office

Bubble Diagram

immediately adjacency

convenient

close and convenient

privacy

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Parti Diagram

Schematic Diagram

Diagram

Through parti diagrams, I drew several ways to show the connection in the space. At the same time, schematic diagrams helped me understand the space more via various factors happening in the space such as noise, natural lights and views. All these diagrams will influence my design decision later.

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sunlight in winter sunlight in summer transition quiet

fire-rated egress stairwells window noisy

parking lot train's bridge very noisy


Advertising Office

Design Development

In the phase one, I literally layouted the space based on the ant's nest. As a result, it made the space too complicated and looked like a maze. So, I restarted from the concept of ants, and imagined people as ants working and walking around in the space. Sketching the routes, I layouted another plan which was the phase two. By emphasizing more connection from the work stations to the kitchen area, I finally came up with the phase three.

Phase One

Phase Three

Phase Two

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Plan

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carpet area wood floor area

key legend 01. Reception Area 02. Lounge/Presentation Room 03. Conference Room 04. Small conference room

05. Editing Room 06. Lunchroom 07. Impromptu Meetings Area 08. Library

09. Mail Area 10. Printer/fax/copier area 11. File Cabinets 12. Semi-private Work Stations

13. President’s Office 14. Private Offices 15. Cut-room or Work Area 16. Server Closet

17. Equipment Storage Area 18. Reprint Storage File Cabinet


Advertising Office

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Elevation

Elevation 1- Conference Room

Elevation 2- Lounge Room and Kitchen

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Perpsective

Reception Area and Gallery


Advertising Office

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Work Stations


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Final Model

Perpsective

Walkway to The Kitchen

Library


Advertising Office

Final Model

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Nature and Human's Space

Nature and Human's Space Date: Nov. 2011 Program: Select 64 different metal objects and 64 same natural objects, and based on the research of them, design a given space which is 12' W x 36' L x 12' H with a 2'8" height clerestory window around the perimeter of the space. The space should mediate between natural, man-made, wall, volume, public, private, dark, light, closed, open, black and white, color.

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Man-made

Object

Natural


Nature and Human's Space

Diagram

After producing various natural patterns, the orange lines are my final design element throughout this project. In the man-made pattern, I sorted objects according to their shapes and chose the square symbol to be the next phase's pattern. Combining the natural design element and the man-made pattern, I came up with the floor pattern in the end.

Natural Ojbect Pattern

Man-made Ojbect Pattern

The Floor Pattern

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Plan 36'

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1'

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4'


Nature and Human's Space

12'

12'

Section Section B

12'

36'

Section A

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Perspective


Nature and Human's Space

Model

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Kresge Auditorium at MIT / Eero Saarinen


Tour's Footprint

Tour's Footprint A record of my discovery during every trip.

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At first, I was not surprised by the building too much. However, when I walked up to the second floor, I was amazed by the views that the architect created. Both vertical and horizonal views keep the space in a flow. So, I drew a plan to study and record the fluency of the library.

On Sunday morning, there were a lot of peopel gathering in MIT Chapel and it was that time I experienced the most beautiful moment of the architecture. The skylight penetrating from above the platform shines the priest and made the scene just like a picture out of the bible.

Boston Library. The Johnson building / Philip Johnson

MIT Chapel / Eero Saarinen


Tour's Footprint

I liked the comparison between the regular exterior and the irregular interior, I also liked the way how the skylight come into the building, and still I liked the reason why the first floor's classrooms set back in order to make a series of hollow concrete blocks to go through pipes. Harvard Science Center / Josep LluĂ­s Sert

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The plan and elevation are studies of materials applied in the lobby. The whole surfaces, including the walls, the arches, the columns, corbels and pediments, are composed of the white marble which is the main material in the library. Above the three entrances are arch-shape glass which are sandwiched by wrought irons. New York Library. The Schwarzman Building


Tour's Footprint

When walking into this restaurant, I was attracted by their space arrangement and decoration. There are three types of dining areas in this restaurant: the closed small-group area, the open small-group area, and the open large-group area. One of the featured decorations is the column attached with bamboos stretching out to the ceiling. Ippudo Restaurant / New York

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Li-Wen Lin Interior Environments Virginia Commonwealth University

Li-Wen Lin's Portfolio  

With a MFA degree, I graduated from Virginia Commonwealth University’s CIDA-accredited Interior Design program. This is a portfolio recordin...