1. ZIGZAG IN LINE WITH RULE
the Western Interchange of Viaduct HI-TECH DISTRICT
Less Normal Crowd Block
ISSUE OF THE SITE CROWDED NOISE Pollution of Auto Exhaust Dark light Parking anywhere
Youxin Grade separation
Jinji Lake INDUSTRIAL PARK
the Southern Interchange of Viaduct Dushu Lake
NOISE ANALYSIS D
1. Capitalize on what is already there and to “grow” something new out of something old. According to the typical differences of elevation in the site, splice the repeti1 tive (triangle) units and change angles between them to get various kinds of space.
On the ground
On the viaduct
1. Respect the character of the viaduct itself: its singularity and linearity and its straight-forward pragmatism. 2. Transform infrastructure into parkland. 3. Reduce the heat island effect and create a green, pastoral place to sport and play.
The site is the south Interchange of viaduct located in the juncture of the southern viaduct and the eastern viaduct in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province. There are residential areas, factories, green space and parking lots around the site, some of which bring about the severe problems such as noise, pollution and lots of negative space. For transforming and utilizeing of the recreational amenity, my position is to build environment, synthesize Nature and assemble Ecology in the site. In this project, preservation and innovation come together through the adaptive reuse of the existing structure as a new, compelling, one-of-a synthesized combination of recreational amenity and public breathing space.
Recreational Amenity of the Southern Interchange of Viaduct Region Work: Individual Time: Feb - Jun 2014
TRAFFIC ANALYSIS IN DIFFERENT PERIODS
2. Organize the new paving system, which is less a pathway and more a combed or furrowed landscape, this intermixing creates a textural effect of immersion, strolling “within” rather than feeling distanced from.
3.Slow things down to promote a sense of duration and of being in another place, where time seems less pressing. Long stairways, meandering pathways, and hidden niches encourage taking one’s time.
1.Commercial complex 2.Vegetable gardens and markets 3.Commercial street 4.Maximal exercise station 5.Recreational space above the viaduct 6. Top tourist corridor 7. Commercial body outdoor platform 8. Underground Fast Trackt
GENERAL SITUATION Green area
THE INTERCHAGE The southern OF VIADUCT viaduct
The eastern viaduct
Slip road R iv e r p
o ll u ti o n
E n te
r t a in m e nt
rep res s
Under elevated space
m er sT Bu
SPACE UNDER VIADUCTS
a str ll sh ee op tp s ar kin g
n llutio River po
t en d i s Re
SITE ANALYSIS Residential area Green area Office area Commercial area Plant area Parking area
THE SOUTHERN VIADUCT
THE EASTERN VIADUCT
TYPICAL DIFFERENCE IN ELEVATION Direct movement from the direction of north and south Direct movement from the direction of east and west Turn left from the direction of north and south Turn left from the direction of east and west Turn right
1. USE OF THE LOWER SPACE
2. CONSTRUCT UNDERGROUND TRANSPORTATION
3. SPLIT-LEVEL SPACE
4.ADD INTERSPERSED SPACE
By the way of the truss structure, the plan can come into reality.
RANGE OF VARIATION 15m
IN A SERIES OF CASCADES
11m 8m 7m
Exit of viaduct
Deduce appropriate space according to the height of the viaduct and needs of people. Deduce the space processing mode by analysing and intergrate the height differences.
Upper gallery shelf space Corridor over semiunderground road Lower transformation space Sunken garden Utilization of space under viaduct
CHANGES OF THE PATHWAY
Bridge over the sunken traffic Passage under the shed Upper corridor Sunken plaza Surface road Gateway
Upper recreational areas Upper sitting areas Upper viewing Public green space Sunken plaza Plaza Maximum exercise station Farmland areas Commercial districts
Why chose the triangles PROGRAM 1. Stable structure 2. The connection between the pillars built according to analysis of its mechanics 3. Materials able to be prefabricated and repeated
SHOPS UNDER THE VIADUCT
MAXIMAL EXERCISE FOR ROCK-CLIMBING
Transparent Virtual space & Real space
Wrap & Occlusion
BUCKLE THE UNIT TO GET DIFFERENT SPACE
PROBLEM: 1.The original column with overhead power was unlikely to occur mutual relations. 2.Various Forms & No logical
HYPOTENUSE : ONE RIGHT-ANGLE SIDE =5:3 Gold ratio deduction
Cut the small units for smaller triangles to construct small space.
Generate repetitive units using the relevant triangles as the infrustructure one.
1. Based on the right triangles with hypotenuse : one right-angle side= 5:3, cut the longsivde to Cut the small units for Select correlative trianUNITS OF get other similiar triansmaller triangles to congles based on the same SMALL SCALE gles. struct small space. side of them. SPACE TYPE Buckle the units and adjust the angles to get diversiform space. 2. Splice the repetitive units intergate the repetitive units by splicing the same slides to generate space. PERMEATED SPACE
Combine them into a repeatable units.
THREE REPETITIVE SPACE
3. Reuse the units and splice them in the whole model.
Push down VEGETABLE GARDENS AND MARKETS
SHOPS UNDER THE VIADUCT
SPACE ABOVE THE VIADUCT
PERFORM THE FORMATION
CORRIDOR OVER UNDERGROUND SHOPPING MALL THE SEMI-UNTRAFFIC DERGROUND TRAFFIC
UPPER SHOPS UNDER MAXIMAL EXERCISE CORRIDOR VIADUCT
SHOPS UNDER VIADUCT
PROCESSING MODE OF SPACE AND HEIGHT DIFFERENCES
Stretch the space in the northwest as three kinds of inward one which serve as shopping, plaza, cafeteria and so on. Make the open and outward space in the southeast a shopping mall for fresh vegetables and plazas for skateboarding and dabbling.
11m---2F Building 7m---1F Building -5m---Basement
The second-layer pathway Commercial complex on the ground Upper corridor Commercial complex in the basement 1 Sunken plaza Ground
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX 11m---Upper corridor Upper corridor
7m---Building 2m---Grass slope
Furniture Grassy slope
11m---Upper corridor 7m---Building
Central public area
COMMERCIAL STREET 11m---Circulation space 7m---Building 2m---Grass slope
Narrow zones for shopping and maximal exercise generate from the space between the external side stripes and main roads.turn the space under the viaduct into shops and plazas for amusement and exercise.
Circulation space Commercial district Exercise station
MAXIMAL EXERCISE STATION
PRESENTATION OF FUNCTION & SPACE
2F The second-layer pathway Upper corridor
RENDERING OF THE SPACE
TYPE OF THE SPACE
Commercial complex --1F
2.1F shopping mall 3. -1F shop & plaza
Upper garden Shops Semi-enclosed
UTILIZATION OF UNDER COLUMN SPACE
Solid & rich scape Play on the slope Semi-open space
Apart from pathway
PATHWAY- A COMBED OR FURROWED LANDSCAPE
Refer to the scape from design-The North Rhine-Westphalia contribution, Floriade
Exercise station Semi-open space
Commercial district Circulation space A GREEN, PASTORAL PLACE TO SPORT AND PLAY
2. ECO-CONTAINER PARK
New vision for Sheaf Square, Sheffield Work: Individual Time: Nov 2015 - Jan 2016
3. ROLL INTO NATURE ROLL BACK FLOOD Landscape Planning of Porter valley Green Infrastructure Work: Individual Time: Feb --Mar 2016v
4. REBORN-ORIGINAL COMMUNITY
3. The site is designed to provide daily entertainment and leisure for surrounding residents based on traditional and original features of the areas. 4. The ornamental elements in the park come from the abstract of national pattems and unique elements in local architectures.On the other hand,select local crops to create ecological and high-yield environment.
The geographical terrain is in line with the aboriginal culture and activities of the regional characteristics of the landscape shape. The aborigines live at the foot of the mountain, and farm in the flat with the river from the mountain on high altitude by Karez. Less people live in the Gobi which is far away from the flat.
Geographical terrain, architecture, grasses, shrubs and trees were carefully selected to produce a primarily native, resilient, and low-maintenance landscape, building upon the existing self-sown landscape and working with specific environmental conditions and microclimates.
20 10 0
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
TEMPERATURE ANALYSIS 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
RAINFALL ANALYSIS 13
The site is divided into two parts by Tianshan Mountains making Hami region various landscape, which includes four main kinds of typology.
1. The site is located in Hami, Xinjiang. The temperate continental climate is the typical climate with a character of arid, dry and sunny weather.
Analysis and design of residential and cultural landscape features Work: Individual Time: Mar 20- Jun 15 2014 Instructor: Ma Jianwu
2. The north and east of the site is close to the mountains, the northwest of which is a natural lake and the south of it is the residential areas where the existing aborigines moved.
According to the change of local lifestyles in different places from the mountains to plains and Gobi, design diversiform functional zones including activity areas in the nature, an architectural complex at the foot of mountain, public promenade- Karez which is used as a aqueduct channeling water running from mountains to the plain historical and cultural zones for amusement in Gobi. And farmland as arboretums. Some Dance and Musical Squares are designed in the park for the reason that aborigines prefer to living in a compact community.
Ⅰ Entrance plaza Ⅱ "Bazaar" business district Ⅲ Karez corridor Ⅳ Tamboura Music Square Ⅴ Jade legend corridor Ⅵ Star-moon Square Ⅶ Agricultural landscape experience zone Ⅷ Ancient ruins play area
CONTEXT BUILDINGS ROUNDTHE HILL
PORTOTYPE Shed +Buildings +Semi-Basement =Three-Storey Buildings
Combine mountain, building, sunken plaza.
Semi-basement is used to protect from the severe cold.
FUNCTION COMMERCIAL DISTRICT
Shed is used to block out the sun.
CORRIDORS-RECREATION OF KAREZ
Reform the KAREZ to a public corridor.
FARMLAND BOTANICAL GARDEN
FARMLAND Create space with crops.
DESERT & GOBI
HISTORY THEME GARDEN-SILK ROAD
Use the original desert landforms to form the recreation area.
The west of the based topography is mountains, which gradually transit into slopes in the eastern areas, and in the farthest east of the site is the typical Gobi.
Vast land nurtured a group of people singing and dancing.
Cultural characteristics elements are extracted to apply to the feature walls and pavement.
Brick and stone Clay + Wood- Boulder en shed
Function is in line with the aboriginal culture and activities of the regional characteristics of the landscape shape.
The selection and arrangement of local culture and plants further helps to define a wild, dynamic character landscape the aborigines are familiar to.
Waving hills are regional symble of Xinjiang. Hills distributes in the site gradually less from west to east with bushy forests, which leave the park a seperated and unique environment.
ROUTE ANALYSIS Farmland low shrubs Upstream waand ground cover Commercial Square and terside grass TOPOGRAPHY tree array ANALYSIS Slope and mountain
DETAILS OF MAIN FUNCTION PARTS TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE Shed +Buildings +Semi-Basement =Three-Storey
Semi-basement First storey Semi-shed
The first-storey The second-storey Court
The first-storey Platform behind shed From sunken plaza to commercial district From platform to hillside From sunken plaza to hillside From the first storey to commercial district
TAMBOURA MUSIC SQUARE LAKE
PUBLIC CORRIDOR- KAREZ
VIEW OF HILL
Water flows down along the cliff Karez wellhead VIEW OF SUNKEN SQUARE
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX ANALYSIS TRANSFORMATION OF KAREZ
Corrider in KAREZ
PERSPECTIVE A Second-storey First storey
Pathway beside the KAREZ
SUNKEN SQUARE CROPS DRIED IN AIR
Silk road route Other trade route Trading center
INTRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION OF ARMLAND TEXTURE Local people like gatherings, in which people divide the meat into three people for their own use, and make almsgiving to the poor as well as relatives and friends.
In the park, the aborigines are close to the rich regional characteristics in local style, the traditional ethnic and contemporary life style combined with the original inhabitants create a DISTRIBUTION OF familiar, friendly living environment. PLANT SPECIES 1.Set up large gatherings Square venue, in the form of folk instruments, such as the myth of the prototype to keep the harmonious relationship between those people.
3. Not only guide the people to understand the development of the human and natural environment during the period of the national struggle for the harmony in the historical process, but also make the residents feel the importance of the national cultural heritage and spiritual development.
TYPE OF SURROUNDINGS
TYPE OF FUNCTION
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND FEATURE HISTORICAL ECOLOGICAL
DIFFERENT HEIGHT OF CROPS FORMS VARIOUS SPPACE
A dominant grassland matrix provides consistency, with punctuated and theatrical blooms of perennials, trees and shrubs for diversity, seasonal interest, texture, fragrance, and height and color variation.
2. Reconstruct the original Karez deserted many years, by changing its function and form into a unique public corridor.
MAP OF THE SILK ROAD
This part of landscape includes local representative plants with various shapes and texture, and in which camp there is some semi-underground space for people to stay. People walk in different level up and down, getting a fun experience.
Based on the existing topography of the site ,transformation is the Silk Road topographic thumbnail mode.Experience diverse geographical features consisting of bunkers, rocks, grass and jungle, making the region a historical and cultural area.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT DETAIL DRAWING OF TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTION A'
THE SYSTEM OF STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
Due to the dry climate of the region , it is necessary to manage the stormwater of the site. The main management of rainwater contains collection and utilization of abundant rainwater from the mountains and buildings.
RAINWATER FLOW ANALYSIS B
Ditches flowing Ditch flows
RAIN GARDENS ANALYSIS Massive rain gardens Zonal rain gardens Hillside runoff
TRENDS AND ANALYSIS OF WATER FLOW WHEREABOUTS The total flow whereabouts Rainwater region Split Flow direction
FLOWCHART OF STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
ILLUSTATION OF TECHNOLOGY Inlet of drain
Planting soil Sand Gravel cushion Pipes Compacted soil
Landscape water Daily water park
Grass shallow trench
Open drain Side drain
Road gully Rainwater garden
The rainwater falling down on the roads flows to the sides of the roads. Filtrated by the layers of stone and various and plants, the rainwater finally flows to the sump.
SELECTION OF RELATED PLANT
Cleft lip flower
Planting soil Artificial filler layer Sand Gravel
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF "BAZAAR" BUSINESS DISTRICT
ECOLOGICAL WATER SYSTEM- SECTION A-A’ Multi-story building
Based on the large difference between day and night, try to transform the original buildings’ shelf into a instructure which set the recirculation and utilization of condensate water out of the water evaporator.
TRANSFORMATION OF SHELF
Sunken plaza Water landscape
Monomer of water cycle
Large difference between day and night temperature
Condensation at scaffolding Waterproof layer
Water has high heat capacity
The excess water is discharged
THE TREATMENT OF THE WHOLE SQUARE- SECTION B-B’
Rainwater from hillside
In the original native landscape, the design uses ditches, culverts, stormwater tanks, filtration grass ditches, rain gardens to collect rainwater from the building roofs and the hillsides applying to the courtyard of business district and Music Square, buildings around the living water, and water irrigation in the farmland.
Underground Monomer of water pipe water cycle
Meanwhile, dry creek collect rainwater from the hillsides to create seasonal landscape. The whole design of stormwater management reflects the person’s participation, native characteristics in Xinjiang, and ecological conservation of water recycling, which combines the natural circulation and artificial landscape.
BIO-SWALE TO CISTERN SEASONAL SIGHT
STONE CHECK DAM PAVEMENT SEEP
ND O SOIL C
BUSH STONE SEEP
NATURAL SCENIC SPOT
FILTRATION OF MULTIPLE AQUATIC FALLING WATER MAKES THE WATER OXIDATION
5. THE STORY OF STONE RIVER PIT THE SITE
PUDDLE MININING AREA
POND Hill slope PIT
View River flows Water cycle
Design a museum to exhibite ores and fossil in the specific location Work: Individual Time: Nov 20- Dec 30 2013 Instructor: Xiao Xiangdong
Aimed to protect the rare fossils as near as possible, I plan to build a museum in the flat to show treasure ores and fossil and provide related knowledge about the geography. The site is in the east of the city roads and the other three sides are surrounded by hills. According to the site's features and exhibition theme of ore elements, I decide to make the form like a stone. This stone-shaped museum is located in a flat ringed on three sides by mountains, and a river flowing around it and an atrium full of water is in the architecture, too. No matter where a visitor make sense of this museum, from the outsider or the insider of the building, can he appreciate the integration with the surrounding environment. 19
THE SITE PLAN 1.Main Entrance 2.Viewing Platform 3.Courtyard
4.Water Feature 5.Ecological Filter 6.Parking Lot
BRAINSTORM One stone
1. Based on the theme of building sites and external morphology â€“ from the front to the background hills, the height of them changes from low to high- build the form of many stones stacking together according to the morphology with the central pool. Divided, warehouse in -1F; hall, exhibition area, recreation area, office area in 1F; display area, recreation area, overlooking the area in 2F.
2. Modify the architectural lighting according to the necessary of foyer, exhibition areas, corridors, lounge, office lighting mode. Build the corresponding external morphology and distribution of location and architectural patterns and forms.
SURROUNDED BY MOUNTAINS Up along the hillslope
Many stones stack together
SHOW THE COMBINATION OF FORM IN ELEVATION 15.13
BUILT NEAR THE WATER The upper expands
A changable stone
The site is a pit, located in the foot of a mountain in Yangquan, Shanxi Province. In this area, there are a lot of the mining of rare fossils and minerals found in the deep.
The lower shrinks
EVOLUTION OF FORMATION SPACE CHANGE WITH THE ROAD
COMBINATION OF LAYERS AND BODIES
MOVING ROUTE Corresponding changes in the overall traffic flow lines
The part of two-layer
The part of one-layer
FEATURE Change a single cube into a form of stone. Form a natural transition of space and function from the first floor to the second floor.
Based on the overall evolution of one cube transform the whole body of all parts int the architecture.
Form a natural transition of space and function from the first floor to the second floor.
Change Fold on the plan into three-dimensional linear form.
Applied to the building blocks of the body. Functional blocks are combined in the form of space distribution.
External form of the building blending with the environment, reflecting its theme. The diversiform interior space of the building is based on this form.
SOUTH ELEVATION 20
DISTRIBUTION OF FUNCTION AND ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
2F: Display area, recreation area, overlooking the area 1F: Hall, exhibition area, recreation area, office area -1F: Warehouse
Atrium is surrounded by the corridor contacted the various functional areas make it come ture that people can find a view of garden in the atrium and participating in a semi-open space to relax while people visit different exhibitions one by one. On the second floor, when standing on the overlooking area, one can watch the water sacpe in the atrium and also overlook the majestic mountains. The Traffic Flow
SECOND LEVEL PLAN
1. Gem Exhibition Hall 2. Natural Geology- Exhibition Hall 3. Geologic Model- Display Area 4. Multi-media Interation Room Gem Exhibition Hall 6. Craftsmanship- Display Area 7. Sculpture- Display Area
Corridor Entrence hall Office area Warehouse Atrium
FIRST LEVEL PLAN
1. Entrance 2. Information Desk 3. Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition 4. Temporary Exhibition 5. Souvenir Shop 6. Teahouse 7. Prehistoric Fossil Exhibition 8. Mineral Exhibition Hall 9. Open Library 10. Conference Room 11. Courtyard Waterscape 12. Reception Hall 13. Platform 14. Ticket Office 15. Hallway 16. Repairing Room 17. Photographic Studio
1. Gem Room 2. Historical Relics Storage 3. Cultural relics Classification Room 4. Temporary Storage Room 5. Monitorin·g Room
DIAGRAM OF FUNCTION DIVISION- SECTION A-A’
The other function of setting a pool in the atrium is to provide a use of the eco-building by the way that the roof rainwater is collected to the atrium pool connected with the outer periphery of the pool surrounding the museum where a sereis of ecological filter, water treatment and so on is setted to purify water pouring into the altrium.
Edge line of the architecture is changable as the edge line of the hills
TH ILL S AR E UNDULATING
MODEL SPATIAL REPRESENTATION
Ornamental perforated window corridor
DETAIL IN THE ALTRIUM Top line in length direction
The largest line in lateral direction
TRANSLUCENT MATERIAL AND RAINWATER CHAIN
CHANGEABLE HEIGHT IN ELEVATION
Pool surrounding the museum
INDOOR RENDERING GAZEBO WAREHOUSE
VARIABLE, ENCLOSING OUTLINE
6. FLOWING GREEN CHAIN Silver Forest Ring Park, Sheffield Work: Group work Time: Apr 2016 - Jun 2016
We proposed site D(from Bramall Lane to Ecclesall Road/Waitrose) of a new forest ring park that follows and adapts the route and adjacent sites of Sheffieldâ€™s inner ring road. It is aimed at Circulation/Access, Identity and Wildness. In order to achieve the cultural and ecological functions of the new landscape, we choice the three main tree typologies which are Woodland, Avenue and Groves following the concept of chain. It provide a new way to bring more green spaces into city and to deal with the existing problems.
Existing Function of buildings
Proposed Function of Buildings
Proposed Fvunction Area
7. MOVE WITH NATURE Urban Landscape Planning of Parkwood Springs A New Cultural Landscape Work: Group work of two people Time: Sep - Nov 2016
8. Wind Up Landscape Planning and Wind Energy Work: Group work Time: Nov 2016 - Jan 2017
SITE STUDY The Study Area is located west of Sheffield city. Half of the site sits within Sheffieldâ€™s green belt and west suburbs, whilst the other half lies within the Peak District National Park. The total scale of the site is 3163 ha (7815 ac). Both Loxley Valley and Rivelin Valley run west to east within the Study Area. A large portion of the Study Areaâ€™s land uses are devoted to pastoral farming and managed moorland. Other land uses such as small scale settlements and suburbs, dams and water treatment and amenity landscapes are also present in the landscape.
PROJECT AIM The aim of this project is to plan locations and scenarios of wind turbines, which can generate 10MW, using Landscape Character Assessment.
PROJECT PROCESS 1. Defining the scope and project purpose 2. Landscape Character Assessment; 3. Landscape Sensitivity and Capacity study; - Landscape Sensitivity to windfarm development = Landscape Character Sensitivity + Visual Sensitivity - Landscape Capacity = Overall Landscape Sensitivity + Landscape Value. 4. Site Selection and Different Scenarios of Proposed Wind Farm 5. Site Selection and Different Scenarios of Proposed Wind Farm 6. Zones of Theoretical Visibility (ZTV) and Visualisations Sheffield, UK
Peak District National Park
Other Major Roads
Scenarios? Residents? Visitors ?
Aerial map provide an idea of field patterns, landscape uses and vegetation.
Sketch showing Tributary Ancient Pasture Valley
Designations and specific planning policies were considered. Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and ancient woodland are shown on this map.
A series of maps showing topography, hydrology, history, landcover and vegetation types, soil types and geology, habitats and land use.
Overlaying natural, cultural and social factors of the site.
Field Survey documents created
To consider existing LCAs at different hierarchies maps available from Sheffield city council/Peak District National Park authorities were overlain. They provide an initial idea about Landscape Character Areas.
From this information the final version of the Landscape Character Assessment could be produced. A Landscape Character Map showing Landscape Character Types and Areas are shown on page two.
A draft LCA map was created to inform where to visit during the field survey visits. This was modified following the field survey.
Consultants devised 7 Landscape Character Types with key characteristics and descriptions (the latter found in the associated supplementary paper). Within these, a total of 17 Landscape Character Areas were highlighted.
Sketch showing Transitional Scrub Enclosure
LANDSCAPE CHARACTER ASSESSMENT
Landscape character assessment ( LCA ) is a standardised system used to identify, define, classify and map variations of the character of the landscape. By doing this we may see the differences and similarities between landscapes, to consider the contribution of specific landscape elements to its overall character. LCA also provides a standpoint from which we can monitor and evaluate change across a landscape.
OUP Furnice Hill TAPV
Broom Vale, Stopes & Dunworth
Loxley Valley Myers Grove
Edge Top Bank
Trout Sike Ridge
Rivelin Valley & Dams
Lodge Moor 37
OUP - Open Upland Pasture
TAPV - Tributary Ancient Pasture Valley
-Rural character with footpaths and country lanes.
-Dotted trees and sparse hedgerow and very occasional copses associated with farmsteads.
- Upland settled rural character.
-Mainly permanent pastoral farmlands (with few arable and occasional amenity areas and managed playing fields).
- With rolling hills and incised narrow and tributary valleys undulating landform and cloughs.
-Dry stone walls and simple timber fenced boundaries, with mostly large-scale regular shaped field patterns. -Gentle rolling hills and sinuses skyline often with distant suburban view. UF - Urban Fringe
OM - Open Moorland
-Narrow steep valleys with mixed amenity land uses and facilities such as allotments, urban farms, park, golf courses etc.
- Unenclosed heather and grass moorland, with some areas of birch scrub.
-Human influences are noticeable with more complexity/ dotted paraphernalia of human use, with linear settlements along a road to the west meeting with sprawling edge of Sheffield to the east
- Gently rolling hill and slopes with occasional plateaus.
-Occasional pastoral fields with dry stone walls and rural fenced boundaries, typically small scale with regular field patterns. -Views to urban and suburban settlements and Woodland Valley below. WV - Woodland Valley
DWPS - Densely Wooded Pastoral Slopes
- Rivers with historic weirs and small to medium dams and reservoirs.
-Rolling slopes and broad valley leading down to steeper ravines
-Extensive footpath networks run alongside the rivers, which run west to east.
-Rural character enclosures are darkened by dense woodland, hills and ridges.
- Sheltered and enclosed, whilst viewpoints give expansive large scale feel. TSE - Transitional Scrub Enclosures Key Characteristics - Mixture of rough grazed grassland enclosures with some moorland type vegetation, such as Heather and Gorse. - Gentle rolling slopes facing the south/southeast. 38
LANDSCAPE SENSITIVITY Landscape Sensitivity and Capacity field surveys were conducted. Results were then assessed to decide the least sensitive Landscape Character Areas. The least sensitive areas were then checked for their capacity for windfarm developments. The Landscape Character Area with the highest capacity for wind turbine development was then taken on to further study.
Landscape Sensitivity to specific change
LANDSCAPE CAPACITY JUSTIFICATION
PRACTICAL ASPECTS Wind Turbine Sizes This project seeks to make informed suggestions for the most suitable locations for a 10MW windfarm. Found below are some of the best reviewed wind turbines that have been considered for this project. This figure below compares the height of the considered turbines against other elements we can find in landscape. This gives an impression of their scale so we may begin to think about their potential impact. Please note also that their height is proportional to their scale. Vestas V90: 3MW (105+90m) Enercon E-82: 2MW (85+82m)
Telegraph Pole (13m) Mobile
Phone 2 Floor Farm House (6.5m)
Turbine (18m) Sheep
Wind Turbine Spatial Configuration Options 2 rotor widths
When deciding upon layouts for the turbines the following design principles were adhered to: 1) Either orderly clusters, or orderly rows respecting land contours have been shown to be the most aesthetically pleasing.
4) Wind turbines will face west towards the prevailing wind and so this is expressed in the visualizations Spacial configurations that were tested with different turbine options are: 41
6 rotor widths 5 rotor widths
3) Turbines should be in neutral colours, notably public preference overall leans towards white or dark grey turbine colour.
7 rotor widths
2) Adjacent wind farms should consider trying to have types and sizes of turbines in keeping with each other. Existing wind turbines already situated within the same Character Area are different from each other be
Spacial considerations: In addition, 2 rotor widths between each turbine and 5 to 7 rotor widths between
Follow the Field Pattern
DETAIL SITE SELECTION House Buffer Zones & Access Roads To be aware of the limitations of windfarm development layouts the following map shows: 300, buffer Zone from buildings - provides suggestions of locations most likely to be a suitable distance from residences to minimise visual and auditory disturbances. Access roads - provides suggestion of locations where wind turbines can be accessed easily. Peak District National Park boundary - The Peak District National Park is considered visually sensitive and so locating turbines outside this area may be logistically more suitable. Ideally , wind turbines should be situated on shallow slopes and flat ground. The information from this map was combined with the map above to narrow down options for locating the wind turbines. Although these maps have been used for inform possible scenario locations for this project, a final decision would be made by engineers.
Peak District National Park
Choosing the Possible Layouts of Wind Turbines - Enercon E-82;
Enercon E-82: 2MW (85+82m)
- two sites located, these are scenarios 1 and 2; - spacial configuration/possible layouts tested against perceptions Following this information the layouts chosen to look at in more detail for the two sites are: circle, line, and following the contour line. These were looked at against the topography and field patterns. Aerial Views Explanation
Circle - Scenario 1 test
The areal views to the right give an impression of which wind turbine layout might be the most aesthetically pleasing. Two different final layouts are chosen for scenario 1 and 2 based on the turbines relationship with topography field patterns., existing vertical structures, shadows and landmarks created. Reasoning for the decisions made are given in the far right hand columns.
300m Buffer Zone from Buildings Minor Roads Main Roads
Follow the Contour Line - Scenario 1 & 2 test
Line - Scenario 1 test
Topography 0-5% Slopes 5-10% Slopes Over 10% Slopes
SCENARIOS ON THE SITE Areal Views of Possible Windfarm Layouts
- Research shows that wind turbines are aesthetically pleasing in cluster formation. The circle pattern means that turbines are seen this way from all distances.
- The line pattern respects existing landscape features such as vegetated belts and the ridge of the hill.
- This pattern type makes the wind turbines become a new aesthetic landscape element and perhaps, also a new landmark.
- Mimics line of surrounding vertical features (tree lines and power lines) means that the wind turbines respect existing landscape forms.
- The wind turbines follow the existing contour lines.
- The wind turbines follow the existing contour lines.
- The plantation located on the left side of the wind farm provides a background for the turbines.
- The wind turbines follow the existing filed pattern in a more organic form.
- The wind turbines follow the existing filed pattern in a more organic form.
GIS ZTV RESEARCH SCENARIO 1
Land form, surrounding vegetation and other landscape elements will all have an effect on how large the wind turbines appear in the landscape. For example, large slopes can dwarf the size of wind turbines and reduces its visual impact. Concurrently small scale hills may make even the smallest turbines look large. Studies show that turbines should appear as part of the sky rather than with a backdrop of the earth, leading a mystical futuristic quality. As well as this the intersection of turbine tower and ground plan should be concealed as far as possible. Our chosen site is relatively gently undulating, which will help achieve this appearance.
Aesthetic appeal of the silhouettes, shadows created in the areal images to the right for the two scenario options will help a decision to be made regarding best scenario and layout.
VIEWS FROM RECEPTORS SCENARIO 1
9. DERIVATIVE INTERSPACE Product the real model of small campus residence space Work: Teamwork Time: May 10- Jun 20 2012 Instructor: Wang Hui
EVOLUTION OF SEAT BASIC GRAPHICS
Top: three equilateral triangles = trapezoid Bottom: two equilateral triangles = diamond
ENRICH THE SPACE
Interspersed with three pyramid.
EVOLUTION OF UPPER FRAMEWORK
Build a 2m * 2m * 2m model in the atrium of the academy building to create space for people to rest, communication and entertainment for the main groups in the school. Model uses wood, rough wood, angles iron , hinges and other materials. By the way of cutting, grinding, welding, our team finally assembled model. My position in the team is the leader who proposed the original design and draw up a plan of work. With its changeable features, the model is popular among teachers and students in my academy.
FRAME OF LANDSCAPE
FACE TO FACE
COMBINATION OF 3 UNIT BODY
Can open and close
Entity: Virtual Body: Entity = 1: 1: 2
SPACE ANGLE COMPUTATION
EXTRUDE UPP TECHNICS
ANGLE IRON BY WELDING FIXE ANGLE AND POSITION
1. According to human dimensions 2. Combination with repetition of the units 3. Various function
Fit the setting angle
According to the concept of “Modulor” to determine the hierarchical model body shape 220 mm 183 140 113
Bottom 0.5m highseat
Middle 1m high- backrest 1.2m high- armrest rely
Top DRAFT MODEL 1.8m high- the Upper lowest point of 1.5m high- frame the main activity of landscap area
Change Enclosed space to transparent space.
86 70 43 27
Quote the picture from the bookHUNMAN REIFICATION
FRAME OF LANDSCAPE ARMREST RELY
Frame framed landscape
When you watch the scenery from the bridge, The sightseer watches you from the balcony. The bright moon adorns your window, While you adorn another’s dream. From the poetry- Fragment
Face to face
10. MAPPING & DIAGRAM m
CHINA 6.6 km
Diagram of the analysis and features of the site Work: Individual Time: Mar 12 - Mar 26, 2014 Instructor: Zhai Jun
LIAO NING PROVINCE
After centuries of development of the West open pit, some serious problems have gradually manifested, including air pollution, dust and flooding .
In 2000,the mine took the plan of horizontal row mining to achieve a row. The current object of mine land reclamation is the former external dump.
Cultured plants Desert vegetation ECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION
Arid steppe vegetation
NEW MINING TECHNOLOGY
Noise SO2 CO Harmful gases Particulate matter pollution
Oil shale Overburden Coal
SERIOUS SOIL EROSION
million tons / year
15 10 5 0
TRAIN 100 -110
The first picture presents the history and topography of the site. First, it tells the position and satellite flat contour layers on its topography. And then it is derived from the plantoa virtual Map distinguished in a signal of red color as the lowest depressions, and yellow color as the distinguished tables. Cut it to show the mineâ€™s internal ore distribution layer and the chart of the output of three main kinds of ore per year.Along with the left slope of the mountain showing the historical development, from the old era to the new era corresponding to the line from the bottom to the top, which concludes the mode of development during each period. The second graph expresses the mode of mineralmining and transportation here.Distinct the distribution areas with a series of colors stand for different modes of transport in the left plan. And the right illustrate explains the relationship between transport and terrain, and each corresponding way to the height is listed on; the lower figure reflected in the first grapgh- red block as the signal of the lowest points also represents the excavator mining method, The same details of the mineral contents are described in the cross-section, that mining methods and manual labor derived from.
Promote the methods of mining
THE MAIN TRANSPORT MODE OF MINE
NORTH: A single bucket shovel railway technology SOUTH: bucket - car - a tape to transport minerals up
Truck Shovel excavator
Green shale Oil shale
Keep in mind to take wisdom to understand, analyze and judge the problems, and then the answers will manifest themselves. Be not ill both in the mind and action, but do good deeds as a eternal belief.
PHOTOS AND DRAWINGS
I have been learning to record the nice moments for the places I visited and traveled using my camera and pens, which would become my priceless treasure. These pictures would be the best proof of my footprints.
By the way of deconstruction of the still life, I can understand its structure and restructure it and constitute parts of it into two-dimensional drawings or three-dimensional space. And then, I will decorate different morphology or function on the drawings with various kinds of materials to express its contents better.
E-MAIL: LLi39@sheffield.ac.uk TEL: +44 07421319811 ADDRESS: Flat 12a, Block B, IQ Brocco 34 Edward Street, Sheffield, S3 7GB United Kingdom
Portfolio of a student studying two-year postgraduate course in the Department of Landscape at University of Sheffield.
Published on Mar 10, 2017
Portfolio of a student studying two-year postgraduate course in the Department of Landscape at University of Sheffield.