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1. ZIGZAG IN LINE WITH RULE

BRIEF

A'

the Western Interchange of Viaduct HI-TECH DISTRICT

Less Normal Crowd Block

ISSUE OF THE SITE CROWDED NOISE Pollution of Auto Exhaust Dark light Parking anywhere

Guanduli

OLD TOWN

Youxin Grade separation

Jinji Lake INDUSTRIAL PARK

the Southern Interchange of Viaduct Dushu Lake

THERMODYNAMIC DIAGRAM

B B'

NOISE ANALYSIS D

D'

0

60 30

1. Capitalize on what is already there and to “grow” something new out of something old. According to the typical differences of elevation in the site, splice the repeti1 tive (triangle) units and change angles between them to get various kinds of space.

On the ground

LOCATION

SITE PLAN

CONCEPT

On the viaduct

1. Respect the character of the viaduct itself: its singularity and linearity and its straight-forward pragmatism. 2. Transform infrastructure into parkland. 3. Reduce the heat island effect and create a green, pastoral place to sport and play.

C

A

Turn left

Turn right

FEATURE

C'

The site is the south Interchange of viaduct located in the juncture of the southern viaduct and the eastern viaduct in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province. There are residential areas, factories, green space and parking lots around the site, some of which bring about the severe problems such as noise, pollution and lots of negative space. For transforming and utilizeing of the recreational amenity, my position is to build environment, synthesize Nature and assemble Ecology in the site. In this project, preservation and innovation come together through the adaptive reuse of the existing structure as a new, compelling, one-of-a synthesized combination of recreational amenity and public breathing space.

Recreational Amenity of the Southern Interchange of Viaduct Region Work: Individual Time: Feb - Jun 2014

TRAFFIC ANALYSIS IN DIFFERENT PERIODS

2. Organize the new paving system, which is less a pathway and more a combed or furrowed landscape, this intermixing creates a textural effect of immersion, strolling “within” rather than feeling distanced from.

90

3.Slow things down to promote a sense of duration and of being in another place, where time seems less pressing. Long stairways, meandering pathways, and hidden niches encourage taking one’s time.

1.Commercial complex 2.Vegetable gardens and markets 3.Commercial street 4.Maximal exercise station 5.Recreational space above the viaduct 6. Top tourist corridor 7. Commercial body outdoor platform 8. Underground Fast Trackt

GENERAL SITUATION Green area

Residential district

THE INTERCHAGE The southern OF VIADUCT viaduct

Parking area

Shopping

The eastern viaduct

AERIAL VIEW


Slip road R iv e r p

o ll u ti o n

Luzhi River

Re

E n te

r t a in m e nt

rep res s

et

pa

rk

i

St

re e

rn Viaduct

The Southe

t

p-

Stre

ion

Temporary parking

Under elevated space

Impenetrable

&

m er sT Bu

SPACE UNDER VIADUCTS

Light dark

inu s

Sm

iver

Gongyin R

a str ll sh ee op tp s ar kin g

n llutio River po

t en d i s Re

ia l

erla

ntial area

ng

Ov

sid e

y Factor

SITE ANALYSIS Residential area Green area Office area Commercial area Plant area Parking area

RIVER

THE SOUTHERN VIADUCT

THE EASTERN VIADUCT

2


PROBLEM

SOLUTION NOISE

IMPENETRABLE

DARK

TYPICAL DIFFERENCE IN ELEVATION Direct movement from the direction of north and south Direct movement from the direction of east and west Turn left from the direction of north and south Turn left from the direction of east and west Turn right

ALTITUDE DIFFERENCE

1. USE OF THE LOWER SPACE

2. CONSTRUCT UNDERGROUND TRANSPORTATION

3. SPLIT-LEVEL SPACE

4.ADD INTERSPERSED SPACE

TYPES

FEASIBILITY

By the way of the truss structure, the plan can come into reality.

FORM

RANGE OF VARIATION 15m

IN A SERIES OF CASCADES

7m 6m

SMALL CASCADES

11m 8m 7m

Exit of viaduct

UPRIGHT VERTICAL

13m 6m

INTERLACEMENT

10m 5m

Deduce appropriate space according to the height of the viaduct and needs of people. Deduce the space processing mode by analysing and intergrate the height differences.

SPACE ANALYSIS

Upper gallery shelf space Corridor over semiunderground road Lower transformation space Sunken garden Utilization of space under viaduct

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CHANGES OF THE PATHWAY

Bridge over the sunken traffic Passage under the shed Upper corridor Sunken plaza Surface road Gateway

FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS

Upper recreational areas Upper sitting areas Upper viewing Public green space Sunken plaza Plaza Maximum exercise station Farmland areas Commercial districts

UPPER CORRIDOR


Why chose the triangles PROGRAM 1. Stable structure 2. The connection between the pillars built according to analysis of its mechanics 3. Materials able to be prefabricated and repeated

EVOLUTION

FUNCTION

SHOPS UNDER THE VIADUCT

MAXIMAL EXERCISE FOR ROCK-CLIMBING

FUNCTION- SPACE

COMMERCIAL COMPLEX

VEGETATIONAL COVER

Transparent Virtual space & Real space

Wrap & Occlusion

BUCKLE THE UNIT TO GET DIFFERENT SPACE

PROBLEM: 1.The original column with overhead power was unlikely to occur mutual relations. 2.Various Forms & No logical

HYPOTENUSE : ONE RIGHT-ANGLE SIDE =5:3 Gold ratio deduction

Cut the small units for smaller triangles to construct small space.

Generate repetitive units using the relevant triangles as the infrustructure one.

1. Based on the right triangles with hypotenuse : one right-angle side= 5:3, cut the longsivde to Cut the small units for Select correlative trianUNITS OF get other similiar triansmaller triangles to congles based on the same SMALL SCALE gles. struct small space. side of them. SPACE TYPE Buckle the units and adjust the angles to get diversiform space. 2. Splice the repetitive units intergate the repetitive units by splicing the same slides to generate space. PERMEATED SPACE

ENCLOSED SPACE

Combine them into a repeatable units.

SEMI-ENCLOSED SPACE

THREE REPETITIVE SPACE

OPEN SPACE

APPLICATION

3. Reuse the units and splice them in the whole model.

Push down VEGETABLE GARDENS AND MARKETS

Stretch upward

COMMERCIAL COMPLEX

SHOPS UNDER THE VIADUCT

SPACE ABOVE THE VIADUCT

PERFORM THE FORMATION

CORRIDOR OVER UNDERGROUND SHOPPING MALL THE SEMI-UNTRAFFIC DERGROUND TRAFFIC

POOL

UPPER SHOPS UNDER MAXIMAL EXERCISE CORRIDOR VIADUCT

UPPER CORRIDOR

SHOPS UNDER VIADUCT

SUNKEN PLAZA

COMMERCIAL STREET

4


PROCESSING MODE OF SPACE AND HEIGHT DIFFERENCES

Stretch the space in the northwest as three kinds of inward one which serve as shopping, plaza, cafeteria and so on. Make the open and outward space in the southeast a shopping mall for fresh vegetables and plazas for skateboarding and dabbling.

TRANSFORMATION

SPACE DISTRIBUTION

11m---2F Building 7m---1F Building -5m---Basement

INWARD SPACE

The second-layer pathway Commercial complex on the ground Upper corridor Commercial complex in the basement 1 Sunken plaza Ground

COMMERCIAL COMPLEX 11m---Upper corridor Upper corridor

7m---Building 2m---Grass slope

Furniture Grassy slope

OUTWARD SPACE

SHOPPING MALL

Shops

11m---Upper corridor 7m---Building

OUTWARD SPACE

2m---Grass slope

Central public area

COMMERCIAL STREET 11m---Circulation space 7m---Building 2m---Grass slope

AIRSCAPE MODEL

5

Narrow zones for shopping and maximal exercise generate from the space between the external side stripes and main roads.turn the space under the viaduct into shops and plazas for amusement and exercise.

INWARD SPACE

Circulation space Commercial district Exercise station

MAXIMAL EXERCISE STATION

PRESENTATION OF FUNCTION & SPACE


2F The second-layer pathway Upper corridor

RENDERING OF THE SPACE

TYPE OF THE SPACE

Commercial complex --1F

1.Upper corridor

Sunken plaza

2.1F shopping mall 3. -1F shop & plaza

Ground

MULTILAYER

SECTION A-A'

Upper corridor

2F

Upper garden Shops Semi-enclosed

Public area

Enclosed buildings

SECTION B-B'

Outdoor areas

UTILIZATION OF UNDER COLUMN SPACE

Solid & rich scape Play on the slope Semi-open space

Apart from pathway

Open space

SECTION C-C'

PATHWAY- A COMBED OR FURROWED LANDSCAPE

Refer to the scape from design-The North Rhine-Westphalia contribution, Floriade

Exercise station Semi-open space

Open space

SECTION D-D'

Commercial district Circulation space A GREEN, PASTORAL PLACE TO SPORT AND PLAY

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2. ECO-CONTAINER PARK

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New vision for Sheaf Square, Sheffield Work: Individual Time: Nov 2015 - Jan 2016


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8


9


CONSTRUCTION DESIGN

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3. ROLL INTO NATURE ROLL BACK FLOOD Landscape Planning of Porter valley Green Infrastructure Work: Individual Time: Feb --Mar 2016v

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4. REBORN-ORIGINAL COMMUNITY

CHINA

BRIEF

3. The site is designed to provide daily entertainment and leisure for surrounding residents based on traditional and original features of the areas. 4. The ornamental elements in the park come from the abstract of national pattems and unique elements in local architectures.On the other hand,select local crops to create ecological and high-yield environment.

AGRICULTURE

DESERT

The geographical terrain is in line with the aboriginal culture and activities of the regional characteristics of the landscape shape. The aborigines live at the foot of the mountain, and farm in the flat with the river from the mountain on high altitude by Karez. Less people live in the Gobi which is far away from the flat.

°C

40

HAMI

WATER

HILLS

Geographical terrain, architecture, grasses, shrubs and trees were carefully selected to produce a primarily native, resilient, and low-maintenance landscape, building upon the existing self-sown landscape and working with specific environmental conditions and microclimates.

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20 10 0

1

-10

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

-20 -30

TEMPERATURE ANALYSIS 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

mm

1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

RAINFALL ANALYSIS 13

The site is divided into two parts by Tianshan Mountains making Hami region various landscape, which includes four main kinds of typology.

FEATURE

1. The site is located in Hami, Xinjiang. The temperate continental climate is the typical climate with a character of arid, dry and sunny weather.

PLAIN

VAST TERRITORY

XINJIANG

Analysis and design of residential and cultural landscape features Work: Individual Time: Mar 20- Jun 15 2014 Instructor: Ma Jianwu

2. The north and east of the site is close to the mountains, the northwest of which is a natural lake and the south of it is the residential areas where the existing aborigines moved.

MOUNTAIN

CONCEPT

According to the change of local lifestyles in different places from the mountains to plains and Gobi, design diversiform functional zones including activity areas in the nature, an architectural complex at the foot of mountain, public promenade- Karez which is used as a aqueduct channeling water running from mountains to the plain historical and cultural zones for amusement in Gobi. And farmland as arboretums. Some Dance and Musical Squares are designed in the park for the reason that aborigines prefer to living in a compact community.

SITE PLAN

Ⅰ Entrance plaza Ⅱ "Bazaar" business district Ⅲ Karez corridor Ⅳ Tamboura Music Square Ⅴ Jade legend corridor Ⅵ Star-moon Square Ⅶ Agricultural landscape experience zone Ⅷ Ancient ruins play area

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15

30

45


CONTEXT BUILDINGS ROUNDTHE HILL

PORTOTYPE Shed +Buildings +Semi-Basement =Three-Storey Buildings

Combine mountain, building, sunken plaza.

Semi-basement is used to protect from the severe cold.

FUNCTION COMMERCIAL DISTRICT

Shed is used to block out the sun.

CORRIDORS-RECREATION OF KAREZ

KAREZ

Reform the KAREZ to a public corridor.

FARMLAND BOTANICAL GARDEN

FARMLAND Create space with crops.

DESERT & GOBI

HISTORY THEME GARDEN-SILK ROAD

Use the original desert landforms to form the recreation area.

FORMATION

The west of the based topography is mountains, which gradually transit into slopes in the eastern areas, and in the farthest east of the site is the typical Gobi.

SETTLEMENTS

Vast land nurtured a group of people singing and dancing.

PLAZAS

MATERIAL EXTRACTION

Cultural characteristics elements are extracted to apply to the feature walls and pavement.

OVERLAY ANALYSIS

Brick and stone Clay + Wood- Boulder en shed

Ornamentation extractionp

Function is in line with the aboriginal culture and activities of the regional characteristics of the landscape shape.

STRATEGY

The selection and arrangement of local culture and plants further helps to define a wild, dynamic character landscape the aborigines are familiar to.

Waving hills are regional symble of Xinjiang. Hills distributes in the site gradually less from west to east with bushy forests, which leave the park a seperated and unique environment.

FUNCTION DIVISION

ROUTE ANALYSIS Farmland low shrubs Upstream waand ground cover Commercial Square and terside grass TOPOGRAPHY tree array ANALYSIS Slope and mountain

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DETAILS OF MAIN FUNCTION PARTS TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE Shed +Buildings +Semi-Basement =Three-Storey

Semi-basement First storey Semi-shed

The first-storey The second-storey Court

The first-storey Platform behind shed From sunken plaza to commercial district From platform to hillside From sunken plaza to hillside From the first storey to commercial district

TAMBOURA MUSIC SQUARE LAKE

VIEW-A

VIEW-B

GATHERING SQUARE

PUBLIC CORRIDOR- KAREZ

SMALL POOL

RIVER

HOLE

CULTURAL PRACTICES

VIEW OF HILL

Water flows down along the cliff Karez wellhead VIEW OF SUNKEN SQUARE

COMMERCIAL COMPLEX ANALYSIS TRANSFORMATION OF KAREZ

Lake

Upper corridor

Drains

Corrider in KAREZ

PERSPECTIVE A Second-storey First storey

Semi-basement

Street waterway

Pathway beside the KAREZ

Gateway

SUNKEN SQUARE CROPS DRIED IN AIR

UPPER CORRIDER

GATEWAY

15

PERSPECTIVE B


STAR-MOON SQUARE

Silk road route Other trade route Trading center

INTRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION OF ARMLAND TEXTURE Local people like gatherings, in which people divide the meat into three people for their own use, and make almsgiving to the poor as well as relatives and friends.

FEATURE

FEATURE

In the park, the aborigines are close to the rich regional characteristics in local style, the traditional ethnic and contemporary life style combined with the original inhabitants create a DISTRIBUTION OF familiar, friendly living environment. PLANT SPECIES 1.Set up large gatherings Square venue, in the form of folk instruments, such as the myth of the prototype to keep the harmonious relationship between those people.

AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPE

3. Not only guide the people to understand the development of the human and natural environment during the period of the national struggle for the harmony in the historical process, but also make the residents feel the importance of the national cultural heritage and spiritual development.

ROCKS

JUNGLE

WALK

GRASS

GOBI

TYPE OF SURROUNDINGS

GATHERING LARKISHNESS

TYPE OF FUNCTION

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND FEATURE HISTORICAL ECOLOGICAL

DIFFERENT HEIGHT OF CROPS FORMS VARIOUS SPPACE

PERSPECTIVE

A dominant grassland matrix provides consistency, with punctuated and theatrical blooms of perennials, trees and shrubs for diversity, seasonal interest, texture, fragrance, and height and color variation.

ROCK CLIMBING

2. Reconstruct the original Karez deserted many years, by changing its function and form into a unique public corridor.

GATEWAY

MAP OF THE SILK ROAD

This part of landscape includes local representative plants with various shapes and texture, and in which camp there is some semi-underground space for people to stay. People walk in different level up and down, getting a fun experience.

Based on the existing topography of the site ,transformation is the Silk Road topographic thumbnail mode.Experience diverse geographical features consisting of bunkers, rocks, grass and jungle, making the region a historical and cultural area.

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STORMWATER MANAGEMENT DETAIL DRAWING OF TECHNOLOGY DISTRIBUTION A'

THE SYSTEM OF STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

Due to the dry climate of the region , it is necessary to manage the stormwater of the site. The main management of rainwater contains collection and utilization of abundant rainwater from the mountains and buildings.

RAINWATER FLOW ANALYSIS B

Ditches flowing Ditch flows

A

RAIN GARDENS ANALYSIS Massive rain gardens Zonal rain gardens Hillside runoff

MOUNTAINOUS REGION

PLAIN

B'

TRENDS AND ANALYSIS OF WATER FLOW WHEREABOUTS The total flow whereabouts Rainwater region Split Flow direction

GOBI

FLOWCHART OF STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

ILLUSTATION OF TECHNOLOGY Inlet of drain

Square rain

Planting soil Sand Gravel cushion Pipes Compacted soil

Straw cord

Roof rainwater

Pavement rain

ROAD RAINWATER

Gravel ditch

Precipitation

Filtration

Set reservoir

Landscape water Daily water park

Grass shallow trench

Green water

Open drain Side drain

Waterscape

Road gully Rainwater garden

DRY CREEK

Dry season

SEASONAL VARIATION

Rainy season

Fraxinus

RAIN GARDEN

Cypress

Wild poppies

The rainwater falling down on the roads flows to the sides of the roads. Filtrated by the layers of stone and various and plants, the rainwater finally flows to the sump.

Jade hairpin

SELECTION OF RELATED PLANT

17

Wet Canna

Cleft lip flower

Lilac

Drain

Perforated pipe

Planting soil Artificial filler layer Sand Gravel


STORMWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF "BAZAAR" BUSINESS DISTRICT

ECOLOGICAL WATER SYSTEM- SECTION A-A’ Multi-story building

Based on the large difference between day and night, try to transform the original buildings’ shelf into a instructure which set the recirculation and utilization of condensate water out of the water evaporator.

TRANSFORMATION OF SHELF

Condensation

Sunken plaza Water landscape

BACKGROUND:

Monomer of water cycle

Large difference between day and night temperature

Condensation at scaffolding Waterproof layer

Water has high heat capacity

DAY

The excess water is discharged

NIGHT

THE TREATMENT OF THE WHOLE SQUARE- SECTION B-B’

Rainwater from hillside

Wetlands purification

CONCEPT

Sump

In the original native landscape, the design uses ditches, culverts, stormwater tanks, filtration grass ditches, rain gardens to collect rainwater from the building roofs and the hillsides applying to the courtyard of business district and Music Square, buildings around the living water, and water irrigation in the farmland.

Visible storm

Underground Monomer of water pipe water cycle

Meanwhile, dry creek collect rainwater from the hillsides to create seasonal landscape. The whole design of stormwater management reflects the person’s participation, native characteristics in Xinjiang, and ecological conservation of water recycling, which combines the natural circulation and artificial landscape.

BIO-SWALE TO CISTERN SEASONAL SIGHT

N

WATER

ECOLOGICAL FILTER

FILTRATION PLANT

STONE CHECK DAM PAVEMENT SEEP

ND O SOIL C

A

DRY CREEK

NS ERVATIO

SURFACE RUNOFF

HILL SLOPE

Evaporation

SMALL POOL

BUSH STONE SEEP

10%

SUMP

5%

WATER SCAPE

NATURAL SCENIC SPOT

FILTRATION OF MULTIPLE AQUATIC FALLING WATER MAKES THE WATER OXIDATION

CLOSING-WATER SPACE

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5. THE STORY OF STONE RIVER PIT THE SITE

PUDDLE MININING AREA

POND Hill slope PIT

View River flows Water cycle

Design a museum to exhibite ores and fossil in the specific location Work: Individual Time: Nov 20- Dec 30 2013 Instructor: Xiao Xiangdong

Ecological filter

0

Aimed to protect the rare fossils as near as possible, I plan to build a museum in the flat to show treasure ores and fossil and provide related knowledge about the geography. The site is in the east of the city roads and the other three sides are surrounded by hills. According to the site's features and exhibition theme of ore elements, I decide to make the form like a stone. This stone-shaped museum is located in a flat ringed on three sides by mountains, and a river flowing around it and an atrium full of water is in the architecture, too. No matter where a visitor make sense of this museum, from the outsider or the insider of the building, can he appreciate the integration with the surrounding environment. 19

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THE SITE PLAN 1.Main Entrance 2.Viewing Platform 3.Courtyard

4.Water Feature 5.Ecological Filter 6.Parking Lot

BRAINSTORM One stone

1. Based on the theme of building sites and external morphology – from the front to the background hills, the height of them changes from low to high- build the form of many stones stacking together according to the morphology with the central pool. Divided, warehouse in -1F; hall, exhibition area, recreation area, office area in 1F; display area, recreation area, overlooking the area in 2F.

2. Modify the architectural lighting according to the necessary of foyer, exhibition areas, corridors, lounge, office lighting mode. Build the corresponding external morphology and distribution of location and architectural patterns and forms.

SURROUNDED BY MOUNTAINS Up along the hillslope

Many stones stack together

SHOW THE COMBINATION OF FORM IN ELEVATION 15.13

BUILT NEAR THE WATER The upper expands

A changable stone

EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT

15

CONCEPT

BRIEF

The site is a pit, located in the foot of a mountain in Yangquan, Shanxi Province. In this area, there are a lot of the mining of rare fossils and minerals found in the deep.

5

Entrance

The lower shrinks

10.50


EVOLUTION OF FORMATION SPACE CHANGE WITH THE ROAD

SIMPLE BODY

PEER DOUBLE

COMBINATION OF LAYERS AND BODIES

DIFFERENT DOUBLE

MOVING ROUTE Corresponding changes in the overall traffic flow lines

The part of two-layer

Roundabout rise

The part of one-layer

FEATURE Change a single cube into a form of stone. Form a natural transition of space and function from the first floor to the second floor.

Based on the overall evolution of one cube transform the whole body of all parts int the architecture.

Large block

Normal block

Medium-sized block

Small block

Form a natural transition of space and function from the first floor to the second floor.

Change Fold on the plan into three-dimensional linear form.

15.13 10.30

8.47 5.10

WEST ELEVATION

13.40

8.43

Applied to the building blocks of the body. Functional blocks are combined in the form of space distribution.

External form of the building blending with the environment, reflecting its theme. The diversiform interior space of the building is based on this form.

15.13

15.12 13.93

5.10

13.93

10.61

8.58 4.30

NORTH ELEVATION

SOUTH ELEVATION 20


DISTRIBUTION

DISTRIBUTION OF FUNCTION AND ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

A'

2F: Display area, recreation area, overlooking the area 1F: Hall, exhibition area, recreation area, office area -1F: Warehouse

Atrium is surrounded by the corridor contacted the various functional areas make it come ture that people can find a view of garden in the atrium and participating in a semi-open space to relax while people visit different exhibitions one by one. On the second floor, when standing on the overlooking area, one can watch the water sacpe in the atrium and also overlook the majestic mountains. The Traffic Flow

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0 5

15

A

Exhibition hall

SECOND LEVEL PLAN

1. Gem Exhibition Hall 2. Natural Geology- Exhibition Hall 3. Geologic Model- Display Area 4. Multi-media Interation Room Gem Exhibition Hall 6. Craftsmanship- Display Area 7. Sculpture- Display Area

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Corridor Entrence hall Office area Warehouse Atrium

FIRST LEVEL PLAN

1. Entrance 2. Information Desk 3. Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition 4. Temporary Exhibition 5. Souvenir Shop 6. Teahouse 7. Prehistoric Fossil Exhibition 8. Mineral Exhibition Hall 9. Open Library 10. Conference Room 11. Courtyard Waterscape 12. Reception Hall 13. Platform 14. Ticket Office 15. Hallway 16. Repairing Room 17. Photographic Studio

BASEMENT PLAN

1. Gem Room 2. Historical Relics Storage 3. Cultural relics Classification Room 4. Temporary Storage Room 5. Monitorin·g Room

DIAGRAM OF FUNCTION DIVISION- SECTION A-A’

EXHIBITION HALL

The other function of setting a pool in the atrium is to provide a use of the eco-building by the way that the roof rainwater is collected to the atrium pool connected with the outer periphery of the pool surrounding the museum where a sereis of ecological filter, water treatment and so on is setted to purify water pouring into the altrium.

CORRIDOR

ATRIUM

CORRIDOR


Edge line of the architecture is changable as the edge line of the hills

·

TH ILL S AR E UNDULATING

MODEL SPATIAL REPRESENTATION

·

Ornamental perforated window corridor

Atrium

DETAIL IN THE ALTRIUM Top line in length direction

The largest line in lateral direction

Open water

TRANSLUCENT MATERIAL AND RAINWATER CHAIN

CHANGEABLE HEIGHT IN ELEVATION

Atrium

Pool surrounding the museum

INDOOR RENDERING GAZEBO WAREHOUSE

EXHIBITION HALL

VARIABLE, ENCLOSING OUTLINE

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6. FLOWING GREEN CHAIN Silver Forest Ring Park, Sheffield Work: Group work Time: Apr 2016 - Jun 2016

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SITE CONTEXT

We proposed site D(from Bramall Lane to Ecclesall Road/Waitrose) of a new forest ring park that follows and adapts the route and adjacent sites of Sheffield’s inner ring road. It is aimed at Circulation/Access, Identity and Wildness. In order to achieve the cultural and ecological functions of the new landscape, we choice the three main tree typologies which are Woodland, Avenue and Groves following the concept of chain. It provide a new way to bring more green spaces into city and to deal with the existing problems.


Existing Function of buildings

Existing movement

Existing Vegetation

Proposed Function of Buildings

Proposed Transport

Proposed Fvunction Area

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25


DETAIL DESIGN

26


PLANTING DESIGN

27


CONSTRUCTION DESIGN

28


7. MOVE WITH NATURE Urban Landscape Planning of Parkwood Springs A New Cultural Landscape Work: Group work of two people Time: Sep - Nov 2016

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31


32


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8. Wind Up Landscape Planning and Wind Energy Work: Group work Time: Nov 2016 - Jan 2017

SITE STUDY The Study Area is located west of Sheffield city. Half of the site sits within Sheffield’s green belt and west suburbs, whilst the other half lies within the Peak District National Park. The total scale of the site is 3163 ha (7815 ac). Both Loxley Valley and Rivelin Valley run west to east within the Study Area. A large portion of the Study Area’s land uses are devoted to pastoral farming and managed moorland. Other land uses such as small scale settlements and suburbs, dams and water treatment and amenity landscapes are also present in the landscape.

PROJECT AIM The aim of this project is to plan locations and scenarios of wind turbines, which can generate 10MW, using Landscape Character Assessment.

PROJECT PROCESS 1. Defining the scope and project purpose 2. Landscape Character Assessment; 3. Landscape Sensitivity and Capacity study; - Landscape Sensitivity to windfarm development = Landscape Character Sensitivity + Visual Sensitivity - Landscape Capacity = Overall Landscape Sensitivity + Landscape Value. 4. Site Selection and Different Scenarios of Proposed Wind Farm 5. Site Selection and Different Scenarios of Proposed Wind Farm 6. Zones of Theoretical Visibility (ZTV) and Visualisations Sheffield, UK

Affected views?

35

Site Location

A-Roads

Peak District National Park

Other Major Roads

Water Body

Railway Line

Scenarios? Residents? Visitors ?

Affected views?

Unaffected views?


LCA PROCESS

Aerial map provide an idea of field patterns, landscape uses and vegetation.

Sketch showing Tributary Ancient Pasture Valley

Designations and specific planning policies were considered. Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and ancient woodland are shown on this map.

A series of maps showing topography, hydrology, history, landcover and vegetation types, soil types and geology, habitats and land use.

LCA Creation

Overlaying natural, cultural and social factors of the site.

Field Survey documents created

To consider existing LCAs at different hierarchies maps available from Sheffield city council/Peak District National Park authorities were overlain. They provide an initial idea about Landscape Character Areas.

From this information the final version of the Landscape Character Assessment could be produced. A Landscape Character Map showing Landscape Character Types and Areas are shown on page two.

A draft LCA map was created to inform where to visit during the field survey visits. This was modified following the field survey.

Consultants devised 7 Landscape Character Types with key characteristics and descriptions (the latter found in the associated supplementary paper). Within these, a total of 17 Landscape Character Areas were highlighted.

Sketch showing Transitional Scrub Enclosure

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LANDSCAPE CHARACTER ASSESSMENT

Landscape character assessment ( LCA ) is a standardised system used to identify, define, classify and map variations of the character of the landscape. By doing this we may see the differences and similarities between landscapes, to consider the contribution of specific landscape elements to its overall character. LCA also provides a standpoint from which we can monitor and evaluate change across a landscape.

OUP Furnice Hill TAPV

Stacy Bank

Broom Vale, Stopes & Dunworth

OUP

WV

OM

Lox-

Loxley Valley Myers Grove

Ughill Moors

TSE

Hollow Meadows

OM

OUP

UF

Edge Top Bank

DWPS

The Lawns

Trout Sike Ridge

DWPS

Coppice Farm

WV

Rivelin Valley & Dams

OUP

Lodge Moor 37

Tofts Lane

Redmires

UF

Hagg Lane


OUP - Open Upland Pasture

TAPV - Tributary Ancient Pasture Valley

-Rural character with footpaths and country lanes.

Key Characteristics

-Dotted trees and sparse hedgerow and very occasional copses associated with farmsteads.

- Upland settled rural character.

-Mainly permanent pastoral farmlands (with few arable and occasional amenity areas and managed playing fields).

- With rolling hills and incised narrow and tributary valleys undulating landform and cloughs.

-Dry stone walls and simple timber fenced boundaries, with mostly large-scale regular shaped field patterns. -Gentle rolling hills and sinuses skyline often with distant suburban view. UF - Urban Fringe

OM - Open Moorland

Key Characteristics

Key Characteristics

-Narrow steep valleys with mixed amenity land uses and facilities such as allotments, urban farms, park, golf courses etc.

- Unenclosed heather and grass moorland, with some areas of birch scrub.

-Human influences are noticeable with more complexity/ dotted paraphernalia of human use, with linear settlements along a road to the west meeting with sprawling edge of Sheffield to the east

- Gently rolling hill and slopes with occasional plateaus.

-Occasional pastoral fields with dry stone walls and rural fenced boundaries, typically small scale with regular field patterns. -Views to urban and suburban settlements and Woodland Valley below. WV - Woodland Valley

DWPS - Densely Wooded Pastoral Slopes

Key Characteristics

Key Characteristics

- Rivers with historic weirs and small to medium dams and reservoirs.

-Rolling slopes and broad valley leading down to steeper ravines

-Extensive footpath networks run alongside the rivers, which run west to east.

-Rural character enclosures are darkened by dense woodland, hills and ridges.

- Sheltered and enclosed, whilst viewpoints give expansive large scale feel. TSE - Transitional Scrub Enclosures Key Characteristics - Mixture of rough grazed grassland enclosures with some moorland type vegetation, such as Heather and Gorse. - Gentle rolling slopes facing the south/southeast. 38


LANDSCAPE SENSITIVITY Landscape Sensitivity and Capacity field surveys were conducted. Results were then assessed to decide the least sensitive Landscape Character Areas. The least sensitive areas were then checked for their capacity for windfarm developments. The Landscape Character Area with the highest capacity for wind turbine development was then taken on to further study.

Field Survey

Landscape Sensitivity to specific change

Landscape Capacity

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LANDSCAPE CAPACITY JUSTIFICATION

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PRACTICAL ASPECTS Wind Turbine Sizes This project seeks to make informed suggestions for the most suitable locations for a 10MW windfarm. Found below are some of the best reviewed wind turbines that have been considered for this project. This figure below compares the height of the considered turbines against other elements we can find in landscape. This gives an impression of their scale so we may begin to think about their potential impact. Please note also that their height is proportional to their scale. Vestas V90: 3MW (105+90m) Enercon E-82: 2MW (85+82m)

Pylon

Telegraph Pole (13m) Mobile

Small Wind

Phone 2 Floor Farm House (6.5m)

Mast (25m)

Deciduous Woodland

Turbine (18m) Sheep

Truck

(0.7m)

(3m)

(30m)

Wind Turbine Spatial Configuration Options 2 rotor widths

When deciding upon layouts for the turbines the following design principles were adhered to: 1) Either orderly clusters, or orderly rows respecting land contours have been shown to be the most aesthetically pleasing.

4) Wind turbines will face west towards the prevailing wind and so this is expressed in the visualizations Spacial configurations that were tested with different turbine options are: 41

Grid

Line

6 rotor widths 5 rotor widths

3) Turbines should be in neutral colours, notably public preference overall leans towards white or dark grey turbine colour.

7 rotor widths

2) Adjacent wind farms should consider trying to have types and sizes of turbines in keeping with each other. Existing wind turbines already situated within the same Character Area are different from each other be

Circle

Spacial considerations: In addition, 2 rotor widths between each turbine and 5 to 7 rotor widths between

Staggered

Follow the

Follow the Field Pattern


DETAIL SITE SELECTION House Buffer Zones & Access Roads To be aware of the limitations of windfarm development layouts the following map shows: 300, buffer Zone from buildings - provides suggestions of locations most likely to be a suitable distance from residences to minimise visual and auditory disturbances. Access roads - provides suggestion of locations where wind turbines can be accessed easily. Peak District National Park boundary - The Peak District National Park is considered visually sensitive and so locating turbines outside this area may be logistically more suitable. Ideally , wind turbines should be situated on shallow slopes and flat ground. The information from this map was combined with the map above to narrow down options for locating the wind turbines. Although these maps have been used for inform possible scenario locations for this project, a final decision would be made by engineers.

Peak District National Park

Choosing the Possible Layouts of Wind Turbines - Enercon E-82;

Enercon E-82: 2MW (85+82m)

- two sites located, these are scenarios 1 and 2; - spacial configuration/possible layouts tested against perceptions Following this information the layouts chosen to look at in more detail for the two sites are: circle, line, and following the contour line. These were looked at against the topography and field patterns. Aerial Views Explanation

Circle - Scenario 1 test

The areal views to the right give an impression of which wind turbine layout might be the most aesthetically pleasing. Two different final layouts are chosen for scenario 1 and 2 based on the turbines relationship with topography field patterns., existing vertical structures, shadows and landmarks created. Reasoning for the decisions made are given in the far right hand columns.

300m Buffer Zone from Buildings Minor Roads Main Roads

Follow the Contour Line - Scenario 1 & 2 test

Line - Scenario 1 test

Paths

Topography 0-5% Slopes 5-10% Slopes Over 10% Slopes

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SCENARIOS ON THE SITE Areal Views of Possible Windfarm Layouts

CIRCLE

LINE

- Research shows that wind turbines are aesthetically pleasing in cluster formation. The circle pattern means that turbines are seen this way from all distances.

- The line pattern respects existing landscape features such as vegetated belts and the ridge of the hill.

- This pattern type makes the wind turbines become a new aesthetic landscape element and perhaps, also a new landmark.

- Mimics line of surrounding vertical features (tree lines and power lines) means that the wind turbines respect existing landscape forms.

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CONTOUR LINE

CONTOUR LINE

- The wind turbines follow the existing contour lines.

- The wind turbines follow the existing contour lines.

- The plantation located on the left side of the wind farm provides a background for the turbines.

- The wind turbines follow the existing filed pattern in a more organic form.

- The wind turbines follow the existing filed pattern in a more organic form.

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GIS ZTV RESEARCH SCENARIO 1

Land form, surrounding vegetation and other landscape elements will all have an effect on how large the wind turbines appear in the landscape. For example, large slopes can dwarf the size of wind turbines and reduces its visual impact. Concurrently small scale hills may make even the smallest turbines look large. Studies show that turbines should appear as part of the sky rather than with a backdrop of the earth, leading a mystical futuristic quality. As well as this the intersection of turbine tower and ground plan should be concealed as far as possible. Our chosen site is relatively gently undulating, which will help achieve this appearance.

SCENARIO 2

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Aesthetic appeal of the silhouettes, shadows created in the areal images to the right for the two scenario options will help a decision to be made regarding best scenario and layout.


VIEWS FROM RECEPTORS SCENARIO 1

SCENARIO 2

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9. DERIVATIVE INTERSPACE Product the real model of small campus residence space Work: Teamwork Time: May 10- Jun 20 2012 Instructor: Wang Hui

PLAN

EVOLUTION OF SEAT BASIC GRAPHICS

Top: three equilateral triangles = trapezoid Bottom: two equilateral triangles = diamond

ENRICH THE SPACE

Interspersed with three pyramid.

EVOLUTION OF UPPER FRAMEWORK

BRIEF

Build a 2m * 2m * 2m model in the atrium of the academy building to create space for people to rest, communication and entertainment for the main groups in the school. Model uses wood, rough wood, angles iron , hinges and other materials. By the way of cutting, grinding, welding, our team finally assembled model. My position in the team is the leader who proposed the original design and draw up a plan of work. With its changeable features, the model is popular among teachers and students in my academy.

CONCEPT

ENCLOSURE

FRAME OF LANDSCAPE

FACE TO FACE

COMBINATION OF 3 UNIT BODY

ADD FUNCTION

Can open and close

Entity: Virtual Body: Entity = 1: 1: 2

SPACE ANGLE COMPUTATION

RETICULAR UNIT

EXTRUDE UPP TECHNICS

EXTRUDE DOWN

ANGLE IRON BY WELDING FIXE ANGLE AND POSITION

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1. According to human dimensions 2. Combination with repetition of the units 3. Various function

Fit the setting angle

Fix small-angle

IN ABRASION

USING HINGE


THE MODULOR

Le Corbusier

According to the concept of “Modulor” to determine the hierarchical model body shape 220 mm 183 140 113

Bottom 0.5m highseat

Middle 1m high- backrest 1.2m high- armrest rely

Top DRAFT MODEL 1.8m high- the Upper lowest point of 1.5m high- frame the main activity of landscap area

Change Enclosed space to transparent space.

86 70 43 27

2000

Quote the picture from the bookHUNMAN REIFICATION

mm

1500

FRAME OF LANDSCAPE ARMREST RELY

1000

BACKREST

500

SEAT

0

EAST ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION

Frame framed landscape

Multi-position

When you watch the scenery from the bridge, The sightseer watches you from the balcony. The bright moon adorns your window, While you adorn another’s dream. From the poetry- Fragment

Face to face

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10. MAPPING & DIAGRAM m

k 2.2

CHINA 6.6 km

Diagram of the analysis and features of the site Work: Individual Time: Mar 12 - Mar 26, 2014 Instructor: Zhai Jun

LIAO NING PROVINCE

FUSHUN

After centuries of development of the West open pit, some serious problems have gradually manifested, including air pollution, dust and flooding .

In 2000,the mine took the plan of horizontal row mining to achieve a row. The current object of mine land reclamation is the former external dump.

Cultured plants Desert vegetation ECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION

Arid steppe vegetation

3

2000s

MUDSLIDES LANDSLIDES

NEW MINING TECHNOLOGY

1990s

1970s History

Noise SO2 CO Harmful gases Particulate matter pollution

1980s

Oil shale Overburden Coal

SERIOUS SOIL EROSION

20

million tons / year

15 10 5 0

49 Silt

1990 1950

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010


SECTION

100 -58

MODES OF

m

TRANSPORT MINE

TRAIN 100 -110

TRUCK

-180

-230

6m

The first picture presents the history and topography of the site. First, it tells the position and satellite flat contour layers on its topography. And then it is derived from the plantoa virtual Map distinguished in a signal of red color as the lowest depressions, and yellow color as the distinguished tables. Cut it to show the mine’s internal ore distribution layer and the chart of the output of three main kinds of ore per year.Along with the left slope of the mountain showing the historical development, from the old era to the new era corresponding to the line from the bottom to the top, which concludes the mode of development during each period. The second graph expresses the mode of mineralmining and transportation here.Distinct the distribution areas with a series of colors stand for different modes of transport in the left plan. And the right illustrate explains the relationship between transport and terrain, and each corresponding way to the height is listed on; the lower figure reflected in the first grapgh- red block as the signal of the lowest points also represents the excavator mining method, The same details of the mineral contents are described in the cross-section, that mining methods and manual labor derived from.

Promote the methods of mining

Stripping step

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CONCEPT

CONVEYOR 12m

110

Dug stairs

SHOVEL EXCAVATOR

THE MAIN TRANSPORT MODE OF MINE

NORTH: A single bucket shovel railway technology SOUTH: bucket - car - a tape to transport minerals up

TRAIN

Truck Shovel excavator

Carbonaceous shale

Green shale Oil shale

TUFF

Basalt

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Keep in mind to take wisdom to understand, analyze and judge the problems, and then the answers will manifest themselves. Be not ill both in the mind and action, but do good deeds as a eternal belief.

PHOTOS AND DRAWINGS

I have been learning to record the nice moments for the places I visited and traveled using my camera and pens, which would become my priceless treasure. These pictures would be the best proof of my footprints.

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DECONSTRUCTION

By the way of deconstruction of the still life, I can understand its structure and restructure it and constitute parts of it into two-dimensional drawings or three-dimensional space. And then, I will decorate different morphology or function on the drawings with various kinds of materials to express its contents better.

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E-MAIL: LLi39@sheffield.ac.uk TEL: +44 07421319811 ADDRESS: Flat 12a, Block B, IQ Brocco 34 Edward Street, Sheffield, S3 7GB United Kingdom

Profile for Lingxiao Li

Landscape Architecture Portfolio  

Portfolio of a student studying two-year postgraduate course in the Department of Landscape at University of Sheffield.

Landscape Architecture Portfolio  

Portfolio of a student studying two-year postgraduate course in the Department of Landscape at University of Sheffield.

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