SIX TY CELEBRATING 60 YEARS OF LIFE AT LINGFIELD POINT
FOREWORD A couple of years ago Gerardine and I were introduced to Marchday, a commercial property company who, 15 years ago took on the challenge of reinventing the enormous, 2 million square foot, Patons & Baldwins knitting yarn factory in Lingfield Point, Darlington which was built in 1951. Rather than flatten the site and build a soulless new build, as is so often the case, Marchday lovingly and artistically started to bring these evocative mid century factory buildings back to life. 15 years later there are over 2500 people working there for dozens of companies, a cool canteen, and nursery and now homes are being built in one of the open spaces on the site. We were taken aback by the attention to detail and couldnâ€™t think of a better example of the upcycling of old industrial buildings in the UK. We loved the way that Marchday have taken every opportunity to celebrate the heritage of the site and to weave that heritage into its future identity. We couldnâ€™t help thinking that if Lingfield Point had been in London rather than Darlington it would be being used as an exemplar by Government agencies and the media. Marchday were keen to raise the profile of Lingfield Point and we talked about how holding a significant event on the site that reflected its ethos could do the trick. That day the idea of The Festival of Thrift was born and in the summer of 2013 the first national festival celebrating the fun of frugal living was held at Lingfield Point. I hope that both the Festival of Thrift and Lingfield Point continue their success and go on to put Darlington on the map which is just what this sort of far sighted, creative regeneration deserves. Wayne Hemingway MBE
60 years of History When Patons & Baldwins built their new Darlington wool factory at Lingfield Point immediately after the second world war they had a vision to build the most advanced production facility in Europe. Some of the buildings at Lingfield Point represent the most iconic displays of modernist architecture in the North East. 60 years later Marchday have transformed this manufacturing base into a dynamic, contemporary business community. Looking to the future, Marchday have created their own 10–15 year vision for a sustainable mixed community at Lingfield Point. This vision is fast becoming a reality with the addition of the first new homes making Lingfield Point a highly desirable place to live as well as work. This book tells the story of this important part of Darlington; its past, present and its bright future. Patons & Baldwins has its roots in the very beginnings of the industrial revolution, dating back to the mid 18th century when two entrepreneurs, James Baldwin of Halifax England and John Paton of Alloa Scotland separately developed businesses working with the early inventions of Crompton’s spinning mule in the mid to late 1770s. 1920 saw the merger of these two successful businesses, creating one of the largest wool manufacturing companies in the world. Both families believed that the health and happiness of their workforce was key to the success of their businesses. They created working conditions which were unprecedented at the time. In addition the company built homes, schools and colleges and provided excellent healthcare facilities for the workforce and their families.
Heath Robinson cartoon showing the charms of the new Darlington factory compared to the original factory in Halifax, 1948.
Construction started on the new Patons & Baldwins wool factory at Lingfield Point Darlington in August 1945. The aim was to create a flagship manufacturing base for the world famous knitting yarn company. The 107-acre site, 2 miles to the east of the town centre was ideally located next to the Stockton to Darlington railway line, providing the factory with its own railway sidings. By 1951 this revolutionary wool factory was completed at a cost of £7.5m. At over 2 million square feet this colossus was the largest wool factory in the world and Darlington’s biggest employer with over 4000 local people working there.
Bricklayers building the boiler house chimney â€“ they later went on to encase the boilers in the background which were assembled before the boiler house building was erected. The boilers provided steam for processing the wool and generating electricity.
Workers create the huge underground tunnels which carried steam pipes around the site.
The Birth of the Beehive â€“ this was the social heart of the site and the place where the workforce ate and played together.
Working at the looms. The vast majority of the Patons & Baldwins workforce were women.
Production never stopped and machine maintenance was a continuous business. This photograph predates health and safety reform!
Patons & Baldwins knitting pattern designs through the years.
James Paterson, “Piccadilly” 2011. Darlington artist James Paterson takes inspiration from Patons & Baldwins advertising and knitting pattern imagery of the 60’s & 70’s.
The story of
Memphis (or ‘Place of Good Things’) was created in 2008 for Student Loans Company. From the beginning Marchday, Student Loans Company and their respective teams enjoyed a close relationship which lead to the creation of a remarkable workplace. At 70,000 sqft it was designed by Glasgow design house 3Fold/Graven Images as the ultimate flexible workplace.
Memphis at night.
Originally housing 600 staff, it was anticipated that ultimately numbers could grow to more than twice that figure. In 2009 Memphis won both the regional and national BCO award as the best recycled/refurbished workspace in the entire UK. As anticipated, staff numbers grew to over 1200 and the building absorbed the increase with very few physical changes. In 2013 Memphis won the national BCO ‘Test of Time’ award as a reflection of its performance over a 5 year period.
The design of Memphis offers many opportunities for staff to relax during their breaks.
Original artwork for ‘Sixty Three, Tickle Me’ by Graven Images, 2008.
The interior design of Memphis makes the most of its industrial heritage.
â€˜Rock-a-Hulaâ€™ on the village green outside Memphis.
Some of the buildings at Lingfield Point represent the most iconic displays of modernist architecture in the North East.
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Lingfield House reception 1951.
Lingfield House, created as the grand front door to the Patons & Baldwins empire is a prime example. With its striking modernist fenestration, twin sweeping staircases and glass and bronze chandeliers, the entrance hall is as grand today as it was when it first opened its doors in 1951.
Lingfield Houseâ€™s modernist faĂ§ade under construction 1949.
One modern classic meets another. Mies van de Rohe Barcelona chair looks at home at Lingfield House.
No expense spared. The grand sweeping staircase leading to the Directorsâ€™ offices at Lingfield House. The bronze balustrade was made up of knitting symbols.
Modernist opulence â€“ the entrance hall at Lingfield House looks as good today as it did in 1951.
‘The Tea Ladies’ outside of Lingfield House – Fun at the Festival of Thrift.
â€˜Work Nice, Place Niceâ€™ poster 2013.
Meadow is now workplace to over 500 AMEC employees.
MEADOW Meadow was the first of the large open plan office spaces created from the original north-lit wool factory buildings. Originally occupied by Capita it was work place to over 500 people when it opened in 2003. It is now home to international engineering services and project management consultancy company AMEC.
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Yarn provides flexible, creative space for smaller companies.
Yarn’s break out space in action. BOTTOM RIGHT
Visitors always remember their meetings in Yarn.
YARN Yarn is a space created specifically with small and medium-sized businesses in mind. The intention was to create something beautiful, useable and highly memorable, which is achieved by the dramatic red and charcoal colour scheme and retro diner style meeting booths. Designed by Glasgow based interior designers ‘Graven Images’ in 2012, they also came up with the ‘tunnel of Yarn’ feature which gives the space its name.
Another fine building which occupies a special place in peoples’ hearts is the Beehive. Originally built with a dual function; by day it was the canteen for the Patons & Baldwins workforce whilst at night and at weekends it was transformed into a concert hall and venue of some of Darlington’s grandest parties. In its heyday the wool factory employed 4,000 local people and in keeping with the company’s ethos, the workforce enjoyed the most remarkable facilities. As well as the Beehive theatre there was a medical centre, football and cricket pitches, tennis courts, a bowling green and an ornamental ‘Italianate’ garden. Patons & Baldwins built new homes for their workforce along with the nearby Heathfield School. The benefit of their investment is still felt today.
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‘The Happiest Days of your Life’, Patons & Baldwins Theatre Group, ‘The Beehive Players’, 1951.
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The Beehive today.
The Beehive at night.
The Beehive is home to Lingfield Point’s Management Suite.
Christmas dinner in the Beehive, 1964.
In 1975, the downturn in demand for yarn led Patons & Baldwins to let a third of the site to Rothmans as its main UK cigarette manufacturing plant. SIXTY
Lingfield Life Rocks’ Poster, 2012.
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The Studios building was originally built as a lecture theatre where training of the Patons & Baldwins workforce took place. Later in its life it became a recording studio where local performers would rehearse and record, giving rise to its name today. The Studios now provide contemporary ‘loft style’ office space which can be divided into a number of suites.
View of Studios from the Beehive. bottom
Studios has been the venue for many events at Lingfield Point.
James Paterson exhibition, Studios, Lingfield Point, 2013.
Over the recent years, Marchday have worked to create a Futurevision for Lingfield Point which will continue the successful regeneration of this important part of Darlington. They have tried to stay true to the early principles of Messrs Paton and Baldwin and hope they would approve of the latest developments. Marchday love good design. They get excited about working with creative minds and have teamed up with some of the country’s most exciting designers to help them create a truly unique scheme. Masterplanners Aukett Fitzroy Robinson and designers FAT (Fashion Architecture Taste) were commissioned to create a unique, vibrant and inspiring environment with an emphasis on public art. Internationally acclaimed sustainability engineers Battle McCarthy were enlisted to mastermind Lingfield Point’s renewable energy and sustainability strategy. Marchday gained planning consent for this exciting vision in 2011 and quickly set about turning it into a reality. In 2013 the first new homes were built making Lingfield Point the perfect place to live and work.
FAT’s bold vision for the future of Lingfield Point, 2009.
Alan Mann, a Director of Marchday who retired in 2002 was responsible for buying Lingfield Point in 1998. Here he recalls his first impressions of the project that was to become such an important part of Marchday’s future.
“On a damp, miserable day in March, 1998, I left on the 07.40 train from Kings X travelling north. Marchday has always been attracted by the unusual, by buildings with potential rather than the passing income, by the long term not the short. Details of a large estate in Receivership had passed my desk and, without great enthusiasm from my partners, I set off into a journey into the unknown. I had never been to Darlington, yet by the time the taxi had dropped me at the estate on my second visit, it was patently obvious to me that Lingfield was a major part of the town’s psyche. It seemed like everyone knew someone or had a relative who had lived or worked at Lingfield whilst still expressing a desire to return to and recreate, not simply the buildings of the past, but the atmosphere and social family that had existed fifty years earlier.
Since buying Lingfield Point in 1998, Marchday have invested over £35m in the regeneration of this important part of Darlington. They have worked hard to change the perception of Lingfield Point from the dilapidated industrial estate it was all those years ago into the thriving new business community it is today.
This Patons & Baldwins complex had been built in the late 1940s and completed just before the Festival of Britain in 1951 at a time when faith in Britain and all things British was undimmed - the biggest post war industrial project in Europe. At a time when national regeneration and reconstruction were buzzwords, Lingfield’s paternalism and massification had an important place in post war UK manufacturing. It was a major employment hub when people worked and lived en masse and holidayed together. It had seen ‘the best of times and the worst of times’. But by 1997 virtually all the Patons & Baldwins later Coats Patons body of workers had departed. Famous industrial brands, corporate giants had thrived but passed through. Major space had been taken over by companies, such as Rothman’s, but like the planks of Theseus’s boat, the history, the town’s old emotional involvement with Lingfield appeared not to have been lost. Darlington and its commerce were inextricably linked to the Estate. It had decent public transport, proximity to a quality town, great road and rail access. It had chimney pots and young people living around it. The demographics were good. Research showed the local market and, more important its occupiers, needed to believe in Lingfield again. It didn’t need large-scale rebuilding, as it had enormous potential, but we needed to create confidence in the estate and in its managers. Yet after a period in receivership, it seemed poorly managed with an absentee landlord. It was uncared for. The estate infrastructure was tired, the buildings a little dilapidated. Its modest industrial design, a hangover from the 1930s, looked dated albeit with some lovely office buildings and the holiday camp style Beehive added in a modernist style. Its robustness and simplicity, its mojo, its belief, its pride had been allowed to fall into a downward spiral.
Throughout Lingfield Point’s renaissance, Marchday have kept the celebration of the site’s industrial heritage central to its thinking. This theme has helped shape the iconic, contemporary business space created by recycling existing landmark buildings unique to Lingfield Point. In 2008, Marchday worked with Student Loans Company to create Memphis, a 70,000 sqft office space. Now workplace to over 1200 people, in 2009 Memphis won the British Council for Offices National Award as the best refurbished workplace in the entire UK. In 2013 it was awarded the BCO National ‘Test of Time’ award as the workplace that has functioned best over a 5 year period. These awards are remarkable given the strength of the competition from around the UK and the fact that Memphis was created from a 1950’s wool factory building. Over 300,000 sqft of office space has been let at Lingfield Point in the last five years and more than 2500 people currently work there. Lingfield Point is home to over 50 companies, with this number likely to increase significantly over the next few years. In response to this growing workforce Marchday has set up on-site facilities such as cafés, childrens’ nursery, allotments, artists’ studios, beehives, fitness classes and even a knitting circle. This dynamic and vital business community will make up an essential element of the sustainable mixed community of the future. Marchday is a customer-focused company who have long understood the value of providing excellent customer service.
New homes at Lingfield Point - the first new residents moved in during November 2013.
After finding the emotional ties with the town, what really made me think this could be turned round was the hidden and under utilised belief and enthusiasm shown by the estate team led by Eddie and the security team led by Gerry. And then meeting the tenants, even those that had seen enormous change such as Robin Swann and Brian Notarianni at Coats, I could feel their warmth for the estate. Identification with a place. Ownership needed commitment and presence, to make it a welcoming and safe place to work. We did not have great expertise on regeneration and large projects but we had belief. With a little guidance and lots of enthusiasm, we thought that it could be re organised and rejuvenate itself. Quite simply it had an image problem exaggerated beyond the reality. I was convinced but persuading my co directors was more difficult. To their enormous credit, they backed my belief. Recessions came and went. Today, as I look back from my receding sunset, it was unquestionably my most important transaction - the biggest and most emotional purchase I made for Marchday. I was simply a conduit, another who passed through Lingfield as it will outlive us all. My successors, John and Graham and Priyen have realised the dream and made it possible with the wonderful inherited estate team led by Eddie.
Assistant), Eddie Humphries (Estate Manager), John Orchard and Maureen Postles. BOTTOM
The Marchday Directors, left-right Alan Mann, Priyen Gudka, Graham Smith, Dudley Leigh, Sandra Boland (Management
The Estate Team, left-right Christine McAllister, Sandra Boland, Sara Williams, Eddie Humphries and Ted Machin.
The arrival in the 1950s of Patons & Baldwins had increased the reputation, wealth and prosperity of not only the company but also Darlington. The regimentation and mass production of industrial society in the 1950s may have gone, replaced by industrial and social de massification of the 1970s, and asset strippers of the 1980s. Patons did not survive the textile recession and Puffing Billy, the estate railway engine, went to the North Road Railway Museum. History always constitutes the relation between the past and the present. The past is not for living in. I feel that in Darlington and at Lingfield, Theseus’s ship has been restored by replacing each and every one of its parts. It still remains the same emotional ship but Lingfield has metamorphosed into the C21st with its remarkable balance between housing, industrial, commerce and open spaces. I am very proud I played a small part in its story.” APHM 28th November, 2013
Lingfield Point in 2013 showing the construction of the new homes.
Lingfield Life is the phrase used by Marchday to describe the culture of Lingfield Point. All customers expect excellent workplaces and excellent customer service but it’s the culture of Lingfield Point that makes it different from any other business environment. Marchday believe in the power of art to change people’s perception of place and brighten peoples’ day. Inspired by Christian Barnes they have made it possible for their customers to get closer to the food they eat by growing their own in Lingfield Point’s public allotments or becoming involved in the production of honey from the Lingfield Point beehives. As a celebration of its heritage Lingfield Point has its own knitting circle and weaving classes which have brought looms back to the site for the first time since the 1960’s. All these things feel good but they help Lingfield Point’s customers with staff retention.
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Signage at Lingfield Point is always playful. TOP right
Becky Sunter hosts the Lingfield Point Knitting Circle. BOTTOM LEFT
‘Yarn Bombing’ at Lingfield Point.
An Homage to the 1950’s; ‘The Snug’ in Lingfield Point’s main café ‘Canteen’.
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A new addition to the team - Freya the Harris Hawk joined the team in 2013 to help out with pest control.
‘Living the Lingfield Life’ Poster, 2012.
Growing your own can be fun - enjoying the allotments at Lingfield House.
Lingfield Point Beekeeper Colin Hinde and Marchday Director John Orchard discuss all things apicultural.
‘Sixty Three, Tickle Me’, Graven Images, 2008. above
‘Someplace, Sometime’, Graham Gussin, Blue Neon, 2002.
Apple pressing, closely observed by tomorrow’s cider makers.
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Festival of Thrift Curator and Co-Founder Wayne Hemingway MBE. bottom
‘The Dinner Ladies’ entertain diners at the Festival of Thrift, September 2013.
FESTIVAL OF THRIFT A chance meeting brought Wayne and Gerardine Hemingway (founders of fashion brand Red or Dead) to Lingfield Point in 2011. They were so impressed by what they saw that, with Marchday Director John Orchard they came up with the concept for an event at Lingfield Point – the Festival of Thrift, a celebration of common sense living! The event took place in September 2013 and was an enormous success with over 27,000 visitors over 2 days. Plans are underway to make this an annual event at Lingfield Point, raising the project’s national profile and celebrating its upcycling credentials.
Quilting in the Darlington sunshine at the Festival of Thrift.
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Weavers and Spinners in the Sun.
Theatre Hullabaloo keep the audience enthralled.
Tunaversity Challenge. TOP RIGHT
Reestoreâ€™s Max McMurdo and Salvage Sister Chiaris Williams.
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The construction of a new road, the Darlington Eastern Transport Corridor (DETC) connecting the A66 with Darlington town centre was a key component to the regeneration of Lingfield Point. Critically it gave the site a new access from the east, connecting Lingfield Point to the A66 in under a minute. Via this new route Lingfield Point’s redundant boiler house was the first building seen and had the potential to become a dramatic beacon for both Lingfield Point and Darlington itself. Marchday wanted to use this potential to make people pause, think and smile. Here’s the artists’ original concept; “Futurescope is an outdoor exhibition of eight massive circular photographs one after the other over the next two years on the Lingfield Point power plant building facing the A66 devised by Christian Barnes and John Kennedy as Lead Artists in discussion with Tees Valley Arts. Futurescope is intended to catalyse a ‘Cultural, Arts and Ecological Strategy’ for Marchday at Lingfield Point, Darlington and to inform long term thinking for the site.‘Futurescope’ is predicated on the idea that we want to develop a relationship with Lingfield Point that lasts over time and to develop and share our creative vision for urban brown field landscape. The images will be changed with the seasons.” Marchday believe in the power of Art to change people’s perception of place. They funded ‘Futurescope’ in its entirety. Two years on, ‘Futurescope’ has been heralded as a great success and has become a Darlington landmark.
‘Work it’s a beautiful day’ Poster, 2012.
A detail from Futurescope image ‘Sun’, 2010.
Christian Barnes & John Kennedy, 2009.
Christian Barnes & John Kennedy, 2009.
Christian Barnes & John Kennedy, 2010.
Lamb’, Christian Barnes & John Kennedy, 2010.
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Barnes & John Kennedy, 2011.
Barnes & John Kennedy, 2011.
opposite page ‘Skep’, Christian
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Barnes & John Kennedy, 2012.
Christian Barnes & John Kennedy, 2013.
THANK YOU Simon Gibb Stephen Gilroy Alan Grant Hugo Greer-Walker Nik Grewer Sean Griffiths John Grindley Priyen Gudka Graham Gussin Arthur Guyer Stella Hall Simon Hardwick Karen Hardy Tony Hardy Alan Harrison Nicola Harrison Ian Hazeldine Lynne Hazeldine Gerardine Hemingway Wayne Hemingway Tony Henderson Jamie Hillier Colin Hinde HMA David Hodgson Ian Hughes Eddie Humphries Ross Hunter Darren Hurst Lawrence Inkster David Jackson Stuart Jebb Yunus Jiva Barry Keel June Kelly Nic Kendall Ivy Kennedy John Kennedy John Kilpatrick Chris King Lottie King Martin Landers Lewis Lane Kirsty Lang John Lavender John Leer Alby Leggett Dudley Leigh Mark Leigh Malcolm Leyland Stuart Link Chris Lloyd Kyle Long Alastair MacColl Kath MacColl
TO SOME OF THE PEOPLE WHO MADE LINGFIELD POINT THE PLACE IT IS TODAY... Dave Adamson Lesley Adamson Richard Alty Heather & David Armstrong Arts Council England Barclays Christian Barnes Sally Barrett Peter Barron Guy Battle Paul Belsman Keith Bennet David Bilton Amanda Binnington David Birkbeck Nick Blackburn Nana Boateng Sandra Boland Del Bowes Mark Brennan
Kate Brindley British Council for Offices Julian Brooke Cate Brown Graham Brown Phil Brydon Aly Buckley Ada Burns Duncan Butterfield Cafe Spice Steve Carrick Tim Carter Mark Cassidy Jenny Chapman Suzanne Clark Sue Clegg David Coates Tony Cooper Graham Corrie Martin Cotter
Tim Crawshaw Annalie Croney Kate Culverhouse Jeff Cutting Darlington Borough Council Ian Deacon John Dinsdale Bill Dixon Mike Dore East Coast Railways ERDF Fund Richard Farr FAT Neil Fletcher John Foddy Anne Foster Rachel French Freya the Hawk Tanya Garland Rob George
Alasdair MacConachie Alwyn (Ted) Machin Alex & Jeanette MacMurray Alan Mann Laurie Marrett Christine McAllister Owen McAteer Chris McEwan Frank McGarva Chris Mercer Guy Metcalfe Alan Milburn Geoff Millington Howard Morgan Jenny Morris Alistair Morrison The Morritt Andrew Murdoch Gavin Newbold Alex Nicholson Brian Notarianni Sarah Oatley Kemi Olugbode John Orchard Patons & Baldwins Andrew Paley James Paterson Iain Pay Seth Pearson Steve Petch James Pitt Maureen Postles Simon Preston Lauren Pyrah Derek Quinlan John Rae Sarah Raine RBS Real Service Redworth Hall Sue Richmond Neil Ridell Steve Ridell Graham Robb Jack Robertson Ben Robinson Mark Robson Steve Robson Rockliffe Hall Steve Rose Derek Ross Sasa Savic Phillipa Scrafton Rory Sherwood-Parkin Richard Sibley
Andrew Simpson Carl Simpson Darren Simpson Gerry Simpson Jonathan Simpson Graham Smith Dave Smurthwaite Rowena Sommerville Les Southerton St Teresaâ€™s Hospice Paul Stanistreet Tim Stephen Student Loans Company Becky Sunter Helen Swainston Jane Tarr Tees Bees Teesside University Tees Valley Unlimited Alison Thain Mark Thompson Rosi Thornton Trinidad & Tobago Kendra Urquart Alan Vickers Steve Waggett Matt Waistell Andy Wales Caroline Walker Tony Ward Sarah West Gordon Whyte John Williams Sara Williams Dave (Willie) Wilson Spencer Wilson Stephen Wiper Tess Wood Godfrey Worsdale ...and all other friends, customers and partners; you know who you are!
awards Over the last ten years the regeneration success of Lingfield Point has been acknowledged by the following awards: 2004 RICS The Property Management Awards National Winner Marchday 2009 RICS North East Renaissance Awards BCO Refurbished/Recycled Workspace National & Regional Winner Memphis Building For Student Loans Company 2010 The Best of Darlington Awards Contribution to Business Lingfield Point 2012 Arts and Business Award Lingfield Point/Marchday 2013 BCO Test of Time Award National Winner Memphis Building For Student Loans Company North East Business Awards Corporate Responsibility & Environment Award Lingfield Point
Design: Tess Wood Imagery/Photography: Chapman Brown Photography, Cool Blue, Renzo Mazzolini, Sasa Savic, Keith Taylor (Cameracraft), Doug Moody, James Paterson, Fallen Angel Photography, Vista Projects and John Kennedy.
All reasonable attempts have been made to trace, clear and credit the copyright holders of the images reproduced in this book. However, if any credits have been inadvertently omitted, we do apologise and will endeavour to incorporate them into any future editions.
The cover is printed on WIBALIN速 Finelinen 500. WIBALIN速 is FSC certified, produced in accordance with ISO14001 systems using selected ECF pulps and is fully REACH compliant. WIBALIN速 is also 100% recyclable and biodegradable.
The endpapers are Vanguard Gold, a paper that is FSC certified, produced in accordance with ISO14001 systems using non ECF pulps and is fully REACH and CONEG complaint. Vanguard is also 100% recyclable and biodegradable.
The text pages are printed on Horizon Offset, a chlorine free paper that is FSC certified and produced in accordance with ISO14001 systems.