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The lions have been researching Week 5

Y7 History


HEREWARD THE WAKE by William

• Hereward the Wake was the son of an Anglo-Saxon • • • •

lord named Earl Leofric. He led the final major rebellion against William the Conqueror. The Danish king Swein Estrithson sent a small army to England where he was joined by rebels including Hereward the Wake. Hereward was betrayed by Abbot Thurstan of Ely who was protecting his abbey. The rebels were captured but Hereward managed to escape and hid from the Normans in the Forest of the Fens. 2


By Lucas Milnes


The Domesday Book is the oldest government record held in the National Archives. lThere are two old books, Little Domesday and Great Domesday, which together hold information about England in the 11th century. lThe book has 913 pages and two million Latin words. lIt names a total of 13,418 places in England and Wales. lThe book has 913 pages and two million Latin words. lIt names a total of 13,418 places in England and Wales. l


The Doomsday Book

Marissa Stevens 28th September 2011 5


Facts • Also know as the Domesday Book • The book is an ancient census, or survey • William the Conqueror used it to work out who owned what in England • It was completed in 1086. • It is actually two separate books. Little Domesday deals with Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex. The Great Domesday deals with the rest of England. • The book was first kept in Winchester and then moved to Westminster 6


What Does It Tell Us • William 1 used the information to calculate how much to tax people. It was not popular. • The book asked questions like: • How many slaves and freemen are there in your Manor? • How much is your Manor worth? • How many animals do you have on your land? • It gives and idea what village and town life was like. • It shows how efficient the Normans were compared to the Saxons.

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Motte and Bailey castle by Jamie Motte and bailey castles where made very quickly. They where often made of stone. Motte and bailey castles where made for monarchs on the run because when they are at battle with a different country people can come and try and get you or burn down your castle. They where always on higher ground and had a moat surrounding it so it is harder for intruders to get in. The moat surrounding the castle was sized 50 to 70 meters. At the bottom of the castle there was a rim where the knights would stay and protect the king.

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Motte and Bailey castles. Sioned Davies Lions Year 7

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The history of William’s motte and bailey castles. • The motte and bailey castles first appeared in England after the Norman conquest of 1066 this was the start of what was to become a massive castle building programme. • When William landed at Pevensey, he immediately started building these castles to protect himself and his most important men.

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Construction of the motte. • The motte and bailey castles took eight to eighty days to build. • The motte were built layer upon layer. The layers would be soil capped with a layer of stone and then that would be capped by a layer of soil and so on. The stone layers were needed to strengthen the motte and to help the drainage, the motte also contains 22,000 tons of soil.

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Construction of castle. • The castle and castle walls were made of wood because it would have a lot quicker to build than using stone. The castle needed to be built quickly because William was still fighting to gain control of England.

Map of Norman castles

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Lions research