qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmq wertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqw ertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwer ETHICS AND MORAL tyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwerty Ethics in a Global Professional Context uiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyui opasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiop asdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopas dfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdf ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfgh jklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjkl zxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzx cvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcv bnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbn mqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmq wertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqw By: Linddy Cรกrdenas
ETHICS IN A GLOBAL PROFESSIONAL CONTEXT (By: Linddy Cárdenas)
According to the Cambridge dictionary, a profession is an occupation that requires especial education (especially in the liberal arts or sciences), even though, it can be defined also as the body of people in a learned occupation, or the affirmation of acceptance of some religion or faith. Then we have to distinguish between a profession and an office. When we talk about profession, we refer to an occupation that needs special skills and knowledge to be done successfully. Nevertheless, an office can be carried out by someone with few or none knowledge at all.
mentioned previously? Is not there any difference between them? Those jobs look the same, but they are no exactly the same. Activities that can be carried out with none or little knowledge or practice are known as offices, and they are different from professions. Offices are made by simple workers and professions are made by professionals. Even when professionals are workers too, the difference between both of them is found in terms of their training: workers can be either trained or not; however, a professional must have been trained before s/he does the activity s/he is intended to do. Following a formal definition of professional and professionalism, we can say that a professional can be a person engaged in a learned profession as well as an authority qualified to teach apprentices, while professionalism is the expertness characteristic of a professional person. Although many people opinions, the fact of becoming a professional requires learning a set of details that in real life has a great value to the receiving people. Among those facts there is a special fact that makes a professional different from the rest of people: ethics.
Venezuelan acts and laws provided legal articles to differentiate professions and offices. Recently, the new Labor Act makes no a prominent difference between both terms. Then, lawyers have to choose which one they would apply for every case. But, in essence, people are supposed to know which one is an office and which one is a profession. Just to be clear, a profession is determined by the level of knowledge required to perform the different activities regarding a particular occupation. People can discuss about the non-existence of differences between both terms, and it would be usually coming across people saying a cooker is a professional as well as a mechanic, a machinist or even a dental technician would be so. Then, what would be the differences between professional chefs, mechanical engineers, dentists and the ones
In a sentence, paragraph or a phrase, it is common to find the word ethical followed by professional. It means that this adjective is a special characteristic of a professional; just the same its antagonistic adjective: unethical. When we refer to an “ethical professional”, we are referring to the person who has a special knowledge in a learned occupation who knows firmly what is right or wrong, and of course, who chooses acting according the conception of what is morally right. Ethics can be defined as the motivation based on ideas of right and wrong notwithstanding the rational definition according to which it is the philosophical study of moral values and rules. As professionals, people must know what is right and wrong within their careers. Then, ethics take part of professional training and it must be applied during the working life of service.
All the contrary, unethical professionals always work bordering laws and statements. In order to prevent unethical works and unethical professionals, the State, acting on behalf the society, establishes rules and laws to ameliorate the professional life of their citizens, as well as the responsibility of professionals towards the population of the country. So, it is usual that each profession has its own institution in charge of being aware of the accomplishment of professional responsibilities; additionally, this sort of institutions cares about their members and protects them legally. Besides, it also establishes rules that each member is supposed to accept once s/he enters as member of that institution. Before becoming professionals, people must study and specialize in certain subjects practicing ethics, which is part of superior studies. They must know a code of ethics that teach them what is allowed and what is not in their profession. That is, ethics must be part of each profession. Furthermore, ethics should be part of each single person studies in the world, because it is weird that someone, without knowledge of some basics rules or social laws, respects something they do not know. It is usual confusing ethics and moral, so many people think professionals are doing right all the time. Moral concerns principles of right and wrong, based on the standards of behavior and character of those principles; while ethics depend especially in the social group that people are interacting in. In other words, ethics is a system of principles governing morality and acceptable conduct of social groups. In the field of professional applied ethics and moral, we usually find some workers, particularly in Venezuela, who knows about what right or wrong is, but they do what is the most favorable to them, even though they should have chosen what was most favorable to the client. Professionals are intended to do what is right according a code of ethics, but regular workers do what they think is good to them, always choosing the most convenient situation. When we refer to ethics of professionals and regular workers in Venezuela, we come into a deep abyss because of the great corruption of Venezuelan society. Professions and offices looks like the same. There is a crisis in moral and ethics within the country. In the one hand, workers rather being in a false
medical prescript rest than working. And, in the other hand, we have the institutions in charge of laboring blaming only the enterprises instead of the inefficient and corrupted workers. If we compare Venezuelan with other developed countries in the world, we would know for true that we have a severe crisis in ethics. But in a global context, ethics, justice, trust, and self-determination against corruption are parts of the professionalâ€™s education of a country. Nevertheless, lacks in ethics and justice stigmatize all workers, indicating that those illnesses are predominant among them, even when they are more pronounced in some groups than in others. As mentioned in the beginning, it would depend on acts and laws the differentiation between offices and professions. But also, it would depend on acts and laws, the employment of a method of education that allow professionals grow having awareness of how important their work is for the country; and also, how important it is the fact of having ethics in mind while doing a job. Even, when it looks too local, this measure could be implemented in every country of the world, because ethics in working classes are too relevant. Finally, when ethics comes into discussion, there should have not been any difference between worker and professionals, because both should act accordingly to what is morally right to the society. Professionals must be trained in the field of ethics in order to show with facts how it should be the real way of acting. That is, proving with moral the correct way of doing a job. And laws, they should be more specific in relevant topics, because thanks to laws, acts, and education, a country can develop strong basis to develop all the capabilities as possible avoiding corruption as the worst evil of societies. REFERENCES http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/ http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-professionalethics.htm http://www.arma.org/about/overview/ethics.cfm